Who controls the vocabulary, controls the knowledge

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Acronyms from Future-Based Consultancy & Solutions
"Translation" of some Business, Finance, ICDT acronyms (including
several SAP ones), initialims, tech term oddities and techronyms,
loaded words and buzzwords to ease the reading of courses, books,
magazines and papers: see "anacronym", "ASS" and many others ...
(third main version since 1997)
(www.fbc-e.com, updated & corrected twice a month. Release 02-10-2009)
6170+
" Who controls the vocabulary ,
controls the knowledge "
George ORWELL in "1984"
Instruction To ease your researches, we are inviting you to use the "search" function within the Menu "edit"
Pour faciliter vos recherches, utilisez la fonction "rechercher" disponible dans le menu "Edition"
Information Underligned names are identifying authors, editors and / or copyrighted applications ©, ®, ™
Free Business White Page Available (www.fbc-e.com)
FBWPA
Acronym Rose salmon is related to acronyms and assimilated terms and concepts.
IL / InLin Internet Lingo also called "PC talk"
Intelligence Light green color is related to intelligence, business intelligence (BI, CI)
FBC>s
Yellow color is related to FBC>s concepts and methodologies (more on www.fbc-e.com)
Finance
Deep blue color is related to Finance and Accounting (FI)
Note: BOLD acronyms
KM
Deep green color is related to Knowledge Management (KM)
and texts are "translated"
HR & R
Lemon green color is related to HR and recruitment
in the list.
Mobility
Light blue color is related to mobile communication (MoMo)
Security
Red color is related to security and risks management (RM)
Note : US spelling
Virtual
Pink color is related to virtual / virtuality (VR)
&
$$$
*.001
0 Day
10BaseT
100BaseT
3D
3Dfx
3DO
3DPA
3DS
3D-TV
4D
2G
3G
4G
3GIO
1GL
2GL
3GL
4GL
5GL
6GL
3GPP
3LH
3MF
ampersand
temporary files
Feel free to copy and distribute this "computer-babble
Hayes JT Fax
translator" provided that it is distributed only in its
FTP server supposed to be moved within original and unmodified state with our name, address,
the next 24 hours to another IP.
phone, fax and email. No charge for doing it. Anyone
Ethernet spec handling up to 10Mo/sec willing to charge a fee for the distribution of our
Ethernet spec handling up to 100Mo/sec translator must have our written permission. Without
3 Dimensions (see D3D, 4D)
which the distributor is guilty of a copyright violation.
3D special effects
Don't publish it on another site as it won't be updated !
3-Dimensional Optics (T. Hawkins)
Simply use the Internet link !
3D Positional Audio
3D Studio (format)
seeing TV in Three Dimensions (sometimes spelled 3-D TV)
4 Dimensions (3D + Time : JIT, Real-Time, Change / CM, TTx...)
2nd Generation
3d Generation
4th Generation
3d Generation I / O (Bus, Interface)
1st Generation Language (machine instructions)
2nd Generation Language (Assembler)
3d Generation Language (C/C++, Fortran, Cobol)
4th Generation Language. Ex / i.e.: ABAP, SQL
5th Generation Language
6th Generation Language
Third Generation Partnership Projet (see PM, PMI, PMO)
3d Level Hierarchy
Multi Media Multi Format (mini chip : it will decode the AVC)
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3PLs
3PCC
16CIF
16QUAM
2W
3P
4P
7S
7QC
8nergy
"41"
802.11
802.11a
802.11b
802.11g
802.11i
802.11n
802.15.6
24 fps
8 bit PC
16 bit PC
32 bit PC
64 bit PC
360°
404
Third-Party Logistics (providers)
3d Party Call Control
16 times Common Intermediate Format (Picture Format)
16-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
2-Wire
People, Planet, Profit: UN Commission on Sustainable Development (a sort of triple bottom line)
outdated marketing mix model (McCarthy in the 60ties): product, place, price, promotion (see SIVA)
A McKinsey model for consultants & managers: strategy, structure, system, skills, staff, style, shared value
The 7 Quality Control Tools (Kaoru Ishikawa from the JUSE in the 60's)
http://bizz-exert.blogspot.com : business & corporate philosophy
41 interacting cases to initiate the CM / change management (FBC>s methodology)
a standard developed by the IEEE for WLAN
idem with a range up to 30 meters, operating at 5GHz, providing 54Mbps (aka WiFi5)
idem with a range up to 100 meters, operating at 2.4GHz, providing 11Mbps (see WEP)
idem with a range up to 100 meters, operating at 2.4GHz, providing 54Mbps
security standard using 128-bit encryption keys for more privacy and security (see WPA)
300 Mbit/s on a theoretical base (DRAFT 2.0 version)
around the human body network (see BAN)
24 frames per second (a movie usually runs 24 pictures per second)
move data in 1 Byte Chunks
move data in 2 Byte Chunks
move data in 4 Byte Chunks
move data in 8 Byte Chunks
very shortly said : peripheral SNA made as from each participant of a group or enterprise
The "famous error 404: URL not found" qualifying a "disconnected or glazing person"
A
A
A0
A3
A3
A4
A5
A2A
A2A
A2E
A2Q
AA
AA
AA
AAA
AAA
AAAAAA
AAAI
AAAS
AABB
AAC
AACR-2
AACS
AACS
AADA
AAF
AAFID
AAGR
AAL
AALL
AAMC
AAMS
AAP
AARP
aaS
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
ampere (unit of electrical current)
841 x 1189 mm (according ISO 216 / international paper size standard)
Adaptive Application Architecture (a Gartner reference model)
297 x 420 mm (according ISO 216 / international paper size standard)
210 x 297 mm (according ISO 216 / international paper size standard)
148 x 210 mm (according ISO 216 / international paper size standard)
Application-To-Application (link in between internal applications)
Asia-to-America (see ACP)
Asia-to-Europe (see ACP, EMEA)
Answers To Questions (see FAQ)
Anti-Aliasing
Assets Accounting (sub-ledger module to FI)
Auto Answer (Net)
ASP Application Aggregator
Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (framework to control the PC resources access)
Association for the Abolition of Abused Abbreviations and Asinine Acronyms (see Asinine )
American Association of Artificial Intelligence (see AI)
American Assn for the Advancement of Sciences, 1848 (http://www.aaas.org/aboutaaas/)
Axis Aligned Bounding Box
Advanced Audio Coding (has developped mp4 providing more efficient compression than mp3)
Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules
Advanced Access Control System : DVD protection
Asynchronous Address Communication System
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis (www.worldscinet.com/aada/aada.shtml)
Advanced Authoring Format
Autonomous Agent For Intrusion Detection
An Average Growth Rate
ATM Adaptation Layer
American Assn of Law Librarians
American Assn of American Colleges
Aircraft Actuation & Management Systems (see MRO)
Application Access Point
AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol
as a Service (see ASP, Cloud Computing , DaaS, Grid Computing , HaaS, IaaS, PaaS, SaaS, …)
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AAS
AASIS
Auto Area Segmentation
Arkansas Administrative Statewide Information System: an interesting financial security doc
www.legaudit.state.ar.us/AuditReports/InfoSys/2003/AASISApplCntrlsOct2003.pdf ASCII Asynchronous Support Package
AASP
AAT
Average Access Time. Fr.: Temps d'accès moyen (see TBC & the TTx collection: TTC, TTM, ,,,)
Authorized Academic Training Program (Microsoft)
AATP
ABA
Activity-Based Accounting (see ABC, ABCM, TCA)
ABAC
APEC Business Consultative Council
Abacus
ancient calculating device used for centuries by the Chinese and some other cultures
ABAF
Anti-Bribery Anti-Fraud
ABAP
Advanced Business Application Programming (SAP lang./4th generation)
ABB
Activity Based Budgeting (accting mgmt)(see ABA, ABC, TCA, ...)
abbr/abbrev abbreviated, abbreviation (used in dictionary abbreviation)
ABC
Activity Based Costing, a useful "push model" when conducting a BPR (see ABA, ABB, ABCM, TCA, TDABC
ABC
Audit Bureau of Circulations (www.accessabc.com) (see ABCi)
ABCi
ABC Interactive: independent 3d party for verifying online activity (see ABC)
ABCM
ABC Management (see ABC, ABA, TCA)
ABCP
Asset-Backed Commercial Papers (emitted mostly by the SIV)
ABEL
Advanced Boolean Expression Language
ABEND(S)
ABnormal END(s)
ABI
Administration/Application Binary Interface
Ability to execute evidence of sustained good results
ABIOS
Advanced Basic Input Output System
ABM
Activity Based Management (acc.mgmt)(see ABC, TCA)
ABM
Asynchronous Balanced Mode
ABMD (Fr)
Association Belge du Marketing Direct (www.abmd.be)
ABPL
Advanced Business Programming Language (see BPML, UML)
ABR
Available Bit Rate (see CBR, VBR)
ABR
Area Border Router
ABS
Adaptive Business Solutions
ABS
Asset-Backed Securities (see CDO, RMBS)
ABS-QE
ABS Quality Evaluations: accredited by EMA (Mexico), ANAB and IATF (US), Immetro (Brazil) and RvA
(Holland) and has agencies in more than 100 countries (see EFQM, QA, QC, QI, QM, TQM)
AbSD
Appliance-based Software Delivery
ABSSS
Creation of Agent-Based Social Systems Sciences (www.dis.titech.ac.jp/coe/index_eng.htm)
ABTC
APEC Business Travel Card (see ABAC, APEC)(www.businessmobility.org)
Dolby Digital (from Dolby Labs ™)
AC3
AC
Alternative Current
AC
Analog Computer
AC
Accounting - General (R/3 Business Application Area)
ACC
Association of Communication Companies (see CCB, UMA)
ACCA
Assn of Chartered Certified Accountant (250.000 members & students in 160 countries/London)
Access
sophisticated flexible DB maker, an application being part of Microsoft Office
Acct(ing)
Account(ing). Procedure: you need an Acct Group for creating an Account
Account determination
to separate gain or loss from payment difference is based on 3 criteria : debit,
tax code, reason code
Account groups / groupe de comptes Collection of properties of accounts (see master record). Fr: Entrée
obligatoire: caractéristiques de classification au sein d'une fiche compte général avec définition des zones pour les saisies.
AS = Assets. Fr: Immobilisations
CASH = Liquidity. Fr: Liquidités
GL = General Ledger. Fr: Grand Livre / les comptes généraux
MAT = Materials. Fr: Gestion des articles
PL / P&L = Profit & Loss. Fr: Comptes de résultat / Pertes et Profits
Account type Code indicating the belonging accounting area of an account. Determines whether the G/L
or one of the subledger is used. Specifies generic names such as …
A
Assets. Fr: Immobilisations
D
Customers. Fr: Clients
K
Vendors. Fr: Fournisseurs
M
Materials. Fr: Articles
S
General Accounts. Fr: Comptes généraux
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Must be a balance sheet account or a P+L statement to enable the carry forward of the retained earnings.
ACCP
Access Control Coordinate Point
Acculturation getting accustomed to new environments
ACD
Automatic Call Distribution (phone system) (see PABX)
ACD
Autoregressive Conditional Duration (ARCH model)
ACDS
Average Calendar Days of Supply / Stock (see DD, LPT, PCO …)
ACE
Advanced Computing Environment
ACE
Agent-based Computational Economics (http://www.socsci.aau.dk/ae2006/)
ACEE
Access Control Environment Element
ACELP
Algebraic Code Excited Linear Prediction
ACF
Advanced Communications Function
ACF / NCP
Advanced Communications Function / Network Control Program
ACH
Automated Clearing House
ACIA
Asynchronous Communication Interface Adapter
Acid2
test page made to help browser vendors ensure correct Web standards in their product
ACINT
ACoustical INTelligence
ACK
ACKnowledge (character, HEX= 06, DEC= 6) (see NAK)
ACKNLG
ACKNowLedGe (Interface signal)
ACL
Access Control List : it stops traffic from IP addresses or port not within the list.
ACLS
American Council of Learned Societies (http://www.acls.org/)
ACLU
American Civil Liberties Union
*.acm
ADPCM CODEC (audio file)
ACML
(Extensible) Access Control Markup Language
ACP
Access Control Policy
ACP
Asia, Caribbean, Pacific ("ACP countries")
APPLE Communication Protocol Card
ACPC
ACPI
Advanced Configuration & Power Interface
ACR
Allowed Cell Rate
ADOBE exchange format
ACROBAT
Acronym
word made of the initial letters of words set in a definition/ designation (see AAAAAA, anacronym ,
apronym , ASS , backronym , IL, recursive acronym , retronym , TLA, YABA, YATLA)
Acronymize to form into an acronym (Webster's Encyclopedic Dictionary)
ACR-R
Adaptive Control of Thought--Rational: cognitive architecture (John Robert Anderson)
ACRS
Accelerated Cost Recovery System
Microsoft agent character file
*.acs
ACSI
American Customer Satisfaction Index
ACT
American College Test
ACT
Applied Change Technology (FBC>s ) : technology-based communication optimization
action-reaction Newton 2nd law (dynamic translation) also considered in a Change Mgmt process
(Fr) www.fbc-e.com/services/documents/ser_chge_t002_f.pdf
ACTS
Automated Computer Time Service (see CUT, IST, NIST, TAI, UTC)
ACU
Automatic Call Unit
ACV
At Completion Variance
ACWP
Actual Cost of Work Performed (IE)(see EV, BAC, BCWP, BCWS, EAC, VAC)
A&D
Analysis and Design
AD
Active Directory (see GPTF)
A/D
Analog to Digital
ADA
programming language (US, 1979). Ada : first name of a Babbage collaborator
AdatP-3
Allied Data Publication-3 (see IER, MTF)
ADATP-3
Architecture, Design, Analysis and Planning Tool : to enable SWIFT applications
APPLE Desktop Bus
ADB
ADB
Asian Development Bank
ADC
Automatic Data Collection
ADC
Analog-to-Digital Converter
ADC
Active DT Channel
ADC
ADvice of Charge (service) (see ISDN)
ADC
Apple Display Connector (DVI variant)
ADCAD
Advertising Design (Computer Assisted)(see CAD)
ADD
Active Data Dictionary (see DDD)
Add-in
basic application improvement
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Add-on
Address
ADE
ADF
ADF
ADHD
ADI
ADK
ADK
ADM
ADM
ADM
ADO
ADOCS
ADP
ADPCM
ADR
ADSI
ADSL
ADSP
ADSP
adv.
ADV (Fr)
Adware
AE
AE
AEC
AEM
AES
AES
AESC
AESRM
AF
AF
AFC
AFM
AFM
AFP
AFPFO
AfriNIC
AFS
AFTA
AGC
agcy
AGI
AGM
AGP
AGPL
Agresso
A-GPS
AH
AHP
*.ai
AI
AI
AI
AIAG
AICPA
AIDA
extension of the material features
a place on the Internet or the email address of a person
Application Development Environment (tools for building applications used by the DSS analyst)
Application Development Framework
Automatic Document Feeder (Fax, printer, …)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (neurobehavioral disorder Internet abuse is supposed to be one of the cause)
AUTOCAD Device Interface
Application Development Toolkit
Archive Development Kit (SAP)
Architecture-Driven Modernization
Arrow Diagram Method
Asynchronous Disconnected Mode
Application Defined Objects (include forms, style, printer definitions)
Automated Deep Operations Coordination System
Automatic Data Processing (see DP)
Adaptative Differential PCM (Microsoft)
Application-Dependent Route
Active Directory Service Interface
Asymetric Digital Subscriber Line (see BPL, DSL, SDSL)
APPLE Talk Data Stream Protocol
Author Domain Signing Practices (see DKIM)
adverb (used in dictionary abbreviations)
Administration Des Ventes (SD)
SW that brings advertising page to the computer (more with pestpatrol.com)(see Malware )
Account Executive (see KAM)
Authorization for Expenditure
Architecture Engineering & Construction (CAD)
Atom Earth Mother (see PF)
Automated Export System (LES enables the users to exchange data with custom authorities)
Advanced Encryption Standards (see IDEA)
American Engineering Standards Committee
Alliance for Enterprise Security Risk Management (see RM)
Alternative Frequencies (radio)
Application Form (see CV)
Application Foundation Classes
Accelerating Forward Move (FBC>s ): change-related concept
Atomic Force Microscope (see STM)
APPLEtalk Filing Protocol
Anti-Fraud Post-Fraud Operations (see ATPTO)
African Network Information Center (RIR for the African region)
Advanced Streaming Format (Microsoft)
ANSEAN Free Trade Area
Automatic Gain Control (used in audio and video equipment to maintain the output level)
agency
Adjusted Gross Income (see GDP)
Annual General Meeting (of shareholders)
Accelerated / Advanced Graphics Port (INTEL)
Affero General Public License
suite of SW for administrative & financial processes of higher education institutions.
Assisted GPS (see E-GPS)
Authentification Header : an IPSec checking the packet content integrity after its transit
Analytical Hierarchy Process
ADOBE Illustrator (file)
Appreciative Inquiry: the positive regard on what's valuable (versus the resolving approach)
Artificial Intelligence (see AAAI, AL, AUAI, ES)
FBWPA
Note: The human brain has needed 40 million years to develop 200 billion connections and it doesn't use them all !
Automated Invention : computers are solving described problems and bringing solutions
Automotive Industry Action Group
American Institute of CPA
Attention+Interest+Desire+Action (advertising principles)
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AIDC
*.aiff
AIIC
Ajax
AICPA
AIM
AIM
AIO
AIR
AirCERT
AIS
AIT
AIW
aka or a.k.a
Aka 802.11b
AL
AL
AL
ALAC
*.alb
ALC
ALE
Alexa rank
ALF
ALGOL
algorithm
ALI
alias
a-Life
ALJ
Alloted
ALM
ALM
ALN
Alt
ALT
Alt-A
ALTS
ALU
ALV
AM
AM
AM
Amcham
AMD
AMG
AMI
AML
AMLCD
AMLO
AMP
Ampersand
AMPS
AMPS
AMQP
AMR
AMR
AMR
AMRS
AMS
Automatic Identification and Data Capture (see EPC, RFID)
Audio Interchange File Format
International Association of Conference Interpreters
Asynchronous Java Script and XML (creates rich Web-based applications)
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (http://www.aicpa.org/)
Advanced Information Management
Alternative Investment Market
Activities, Interests, Opinions (mkg)
Automatic Image Refinement (CANON)
Automated Incident Reporting (see CERT, http://www.cert.org/)
Applied Information Service
Advanced Intelligent Tape : cassette storage standard (see DLT & LTO)
Adaptive Information Warehouse (Fast)
also known as (used before an alias)
Wifi wireless networking technology
Application Layer (see OSI)
Application Logic
Artificial Life (see also AI, Second Life )
At-Large Advisory Committee: provides advices on the activities of the ICANN
power ALBum (file)
Artificial Life Character (see AL, ECA, ECT)
Application Link Enabling (application distribution)
traffic index analyzing the internet usage of Alexa Toolbar users (USA)
Advanced List Format (SAP doc)
ALGorithmic Oriented Language (scientific language)(see CVSELP, IAL)
mathematical rules set. They are often used for encryption/decryption processes (see blowfish )
Application Layer Interface (communication interface)
nickname, simplified electronic address name replacing another hostname (see a.k.a)
artificial life (could be a virtual life)(see AI, AL, Second Life )
Administrative Law Judge (USA)
issued (annual report)
Application Life-cycle Management (see PLC)
Assets and Liability Management
Asynchronous Learning Network (see ALT, ASL, CBCL, CLE, CSCL, ECLG, WBL, WBT, …)
Alternate
Advanced Learning Technologies (see ALT, ASL, CBCL, CLE, CSCL, ECLG, ROLE, WBL, WBT, …)
special asset mortgage
Association for Local Telecommunications Services
Arithmetic & Logic Unit (processor)
ABAP List Viewer
Assets Management (SAP module)(see AA, DAM)
Active Messaging
Amplitude Modulation (see FM): radio carrier wave for transmitting information
American Chamber of Commerce (see Eurocham)
Advanced Micro Devices (1969): competitor of Intel
Automatic Metadata Generation
Amazon Machine Image
Algebraic Modeling Language (see GAMS)
Active Matrix LCD
Anti-Money Laundering Operations
Alliance Management Program
&
Advanced Mobile Phone Service (see D-AMPS)
Automatic Music Program System
Advanced Message Queuing Protocol: open specification for pervasive, message-oriented integration
Audio/Modem Riser (Intel) for packaging the analog I/O audio functions of modem circuitry with a codec chip
Advanced Manufacturing Research (Boston Institute)
Automatic Message Registering
Alternative Map Registering Sets (EMS memory)
American Mathematical Society
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AMSP
AMT
AMT
AMTSO
ANA
anacronym
Application Management Service Provider (see ASP, ISP)
Applied Management Technology
Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Anti-Malware Testing Standards Organization (http://www.amtso.org/)
Association of National Advertisers (USA)
very old acronym that is now part of the common language (no one remembers its origin). As
found in the July 1997 issue of Wired Magazine. Example: Laser (see backronym )
anagram
word made of another by transposing the letters (don't confuse it with acronym or anacronym )
AND
opérateur logique "et" (voir OR et XOR)
AND
Automated Network Deployment (see ZAD)
Andon
signboard . Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Android
SW platform and OS for mobile devices based on Linux kernel (Google in 2005)
*.ani
animated cursor (see *.cur). Fr.: curseur animé
ANI
Automatic Number Identification
ANN
Artificial Neural Network (see NN)
ANOVA
ANalysis-Of-Variance : statistical model for data analysis
ANSI
American National Standard Institute (see ISO)
Anti- virus
free antivirus : www.secuser.com ; http://housecall.antivirus.com (see Virus )
AOC
Air Operations Center (see ASRs)
America On Line (1985, + 10,000,000 customers)
AOL
AOT
Advanced Object Technology
AP
Access Points
AP
Application Package / Program (see WP)
APA
All Points Addressable
APAC
Adaptative Planning and Control Sequence (application of SWOT)
APAR
Authorized Program Analysis Report
APB
Accounting Principles Board (see AICPA, FASB, GAAP)
APBO
Accounting Principles Board Opinions
APC
Acquisition and Production Costs
APC
Advanced Process Control
APD
Advanced Planning & Development (see APO)
APEAL
Automotive Performance, Execution and Layout (J.D. Power's 2008)
APEC
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (see ASEAN)
APEC FMM APEC Finance Ministers' Meeting (see ABAC)
API
Application Programming Interface (voir BAPI) : UI design constrained by the OS or application.
APIPA
Automatic Private IP Addressing
A Programming Language (1956)
APL
APM
Advanced Power Management
APM
Application Development Module
APNIC
Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (Asia & Pacific region RIR)
APO
(SAP) Advanced Planner & Optimizer = central component w/i SCOPE which provides supply
chain planning tools for real-time planning and decision support
APPC
Advanced Program-to-Program Communications
JAVA mini application (JAVA script use)
Applet
Apps
Applications
APQC
American Productivity and Quality Center (see EFQM, QA, QC, QM, TQM, …)
APQP
Advanced Product Quality Planning (see APQC)
APRIL
Asynchronous Pulsed Radiated Incident Light is a MDCP
Apronym
letters of an acronym representing a meaningful term in its context
http://www.co.nz/cgi/forums/list.cgi?id=acronyms&user=&session=&root=1044419774
APS
Advanced Planning and Scheduling
APS
Application Platform Suite
APT
Advanced Parallel Technology
APT
Automatically Programed Tools
APWG
Anti-Phishing Working Group (http://www.apwg.org/)
AR
Augmented Reality (see AI, ART, VR, Wetware , …)
AR
Application Requester (see RFQ, RFP, … )
ARC4
Alleged RC4 Protocol
ARCH model Pr. Robert Fry Engle III 's autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (see ACD, DCC)
Architecture system design plus description of the components interactions.
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Archiving
Arcology
ARF
ARF
ARF
ARIADNE
ARIN
ARIP
ARJ
ARL
ARM
ARM
ARP
ARPA
ARPANET
ARPU
ARRL
ARS
ARSC
art.
ART
ART (Fr)
ART
ARTE (Fr)
AS
AS
asap
ASAP
ASAP
ASAP
ASBL (Fr)
ASC
ASCII
ASE
ASEAN
*.asf (ASF)
ASF
ASIC
Asinine
ASIO
ASIS
ASL
ASLR
ASM / RDM
ASN
ASN.1
ASO
ASP
ASP
ASP
*.asp
ASPI
ASQ
ASQC
ASR
ASRs
ASRS
ASS (yes !)
ASSEMBLER
Assign
archiving systems : RAR, ZIP, CAB, ARJ, LHA, LZH, TAR, GZ, ACE, UUE, BZ2, JAR, ISO
Architecture & ecology. Paolo Soleri concept: huge cities enclosed in a single building with its built-in environment
Abort, Retry, Fail (message)
Abuse Feedback Reporting Format (see DKIM)
Advertising Research Foundation
Alliance of Remote Instructional Authoring and Distribution Networks for Europe
American Registry for Internet Numbers (North America, parts of the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa RIR)
Account Receivable Incoming Payment
Archive Robert Jung, a compressing and archiving program
Archive Link
Automatic Restart Manager
Advanced RISC Machine
Address Resolution Protocol
Advanced Research Projects Agency (NET genesis)(see ARPANET, DARPA)
short for ARPANETWORK :Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (see NIC)
Average Revenue Per User
American Radio Relay League
Action Request System
Accounting and Review Services Committee (see AICPA)
article (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Augmented Reality Technology (see AI, AR, RR, VR, …)
Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications
Alternative Risk Transfer Market (Risk management)(see RM)
Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne (authentique / true)
Asynchronous System
Autonomous System
As soon as possible
Accelerated SAP (rapid implementation extended procedure)
Align Supply And Production (SAS): principle along the general SCM principles
Automated Standard Application for Payment
Association Sans But Lucratif (see NPO)
Anti-Spyware Coalition (http://www.antispywarecoalition.org/)
American Standard for Computer Information Interchange
Accelerated Solution Environment
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (see APEC)
Active Streaming Format (MS audio / video file formats)
Apache Software Foundation
Application Specific Integrated Circuit (see ASSP)
silly, stupid (see AAAAAA)
Audio Stream Input/Output
American Society for Information Science
Asynchronous Learning (see ALN, ALT, CBCL, CLE, CSCL, ECLG, ROLE, WBL, WBT, …)
Address Space Layout Randomization: computer security technique about the key data areas arrangement
Advanced Server Manager / Remote Diagnostic Management (ACER)
Advanced Shipping Notice (MM-WM)
Abstract Syntax Notation One: international standard (see BER, DER)
Address Supporting Organization: advises the ICANN BOD on IP addresses policy and mgmt
Active Server Pages (outil serveur / serving tool)
Application Service Provider
Assn of SW Professionals
Active Server Page (MS component, file)
Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
American Society for Quality (see EFQM, QA, QC, QI, QL, TQM)(www.asq.org/)
American Society for Quality Control (interesting doc : www.cepra.org/download/D11v04.pdf)
Automatic Speech Recognition: automated recognition of the words a person pronounces on the phone line.
Air Support Requests (US Army or Marine) (see AOC)
Automatic Storage & Retrieval System (SAP LES)
Acronym Stress Syndrome (yes ! It does exist !) (see AAAAAA)
ASSEMBly language (see COBOL, FORTRAN, PL/1 …)
a CyCd to
a CyCd
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a Credit Cntrol Area
a Financal Management Area
a Controlling Area
a Plant
to a CyCd
a Sales Organization to a CyCd
a Purchase Organization to a CyCd
Assn
Association
ASSP
Application Specific Standard Product (semiconductor device integrated circuit)(see ASIC)
ASTM
American Society for Testing Material
ASTM
Abstract Syntax Tree Metamodel
AudioSpan (Rockwell)
ASVD
asynchronous being operative on its own built-in clock (back to the First Triad )
asynchronous learning
learning environment where the learner and instructor aren't simultaneously present
AT
Activity Type
AT
Advanced Technology (see ATA, ATX, SATA)
AT (Fr)
Analyse Transactionnelle (see TA): article disponible dans notre Business Magazine n°3
AT
Assistive Technology (see DSS)
ATA
AT Attachment (activity attachment)
Architecture Tradeoff Analysis Method®: SEI method in the area of software architecture evaluation
ATAM ®
ATAPI
AT Attachment Packet Interface
ATB
Automated Ticket & Boarding (Pass) (IT)
ATCS
American Television Standards Committee
ATD
Anthropomorphic Test Device
ATD
Available To Deploy (SAP/MRP4)
atemi
based on the action / reaction principle (coming from the combat sports terminologies)
ATL
Active Template Library
ATM
Automatic Telling Machine
ATM
Asynchronous Transfert Mode (see ABT)
ADOBE Type Manager
ATM
ATM / ATC
Air Traffic Management and Control Systems
ATN
Attention (GPIB24LB)
ATO
Assemble-to-Order
ATP
Available-To-Promise (quantity)
ATPTO
Anti-Threat Post-Threat Operations (see AFPFO)
Adaptative TRansform Acoustic Coding (SONY)
ATRAC
ATS
Advanced Training Solution (called InfoDB in some countries) uses all the R/3 training material.
ATS
Applicant Tracking System
how to be the "perfect" leader ? (article in the 3d issue of the FBC>s Business Magazine)
Attitude management
ATU
Account Team Unit (see SMT, TU)
ATX(motherboard) Advanced Technology eXtended [form factor]: no wires needed: built-in IO ports (see AT)
AU
Access Unit
AU
African Union
AUAI
Association for Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (www.auai.org) (see AI)
AUC
Assets Under Construction (AA) (voir IEC)
audio dub
the sound of a program recording only and without any concern of the pictures?
AugCog
Augmented Cognition: could be part of a EAM program (see AI, HMI)
AUI
Attachment Unit Interface
autonomic computing
systems with self-management abilities
aux.
auxiliary (used in dictionary abbreviation)
AUX
auxiliary input(s) on amplifiers, pre-amps, mixing tables …
A/UX
Apple/Unix
av
average
AV
Artificial Variable
AVAR
Association of anti Virus Asia Researchers (http://www.aavar.org/)
Avatar
Visual appearance used for a self represention in 3D or virtual reality games, chat forums on the Web
(see DID, FOAF, Second Life )
AVC
Advanced Video Coding (see 3MF)
AVI (*.avi)
Audio Video Interleave (file format defining the relationship between audio and video)
AVIEN
Anti-Virus Information Exchange Network (http://www.avien.org/)
AVIEWS
Anti-Virus Information & Early Warning System (http://www.aviews.net/)
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AVK
AVL
AVR
AWG
AWIC
AWS
AWT
Axiome (Fr)
Azure
Audio Video Kernel (IBM+Intel)
Automatic Volume Level / Levelling
Automatic Voltage Regulator
American Wire Gauge
Average Within Inventory Cost
Amazon Web Services (see cloud computing )
Abstract Windows Toolkit
énoncé explicite et logique des principes et définitions utilisées dans un domaine scientifique
Windows Services Platform (could be considered as a PaaS or a Cloud OS)
B
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
B1G1F
Buy One Get One Free (sales/marketing)
B2A
Business-To-Administration
B2B
Business-To-Business
B2B
Back-To-Brussels … when I'm home … :-))
B2Bi
B2B Integration (see EAI) in view of multi-company business processes.
B2BUA
Back-To-Back User Agent
B2C
Business-To-Customer (see C2C)
B2G
Business-To-Government (see G2C)
B2R
Back-To-Reality … after a long unrealistic business dream !
B2S
Business-To-Suppliers
Ba
Place-Time-People (Japan), a shared dynamic context in motion (see STU)
BA
(2B+D interface) Basic Access (see ISDN, PRA)
BA
Business Analyst
BA
Business Area
BAA
Business Application Area
Babbage Charles , Dec. 26, 1791-Oct,18, 1871, English mathematician having originated the programmable computer concept
BAC
Budget At Completion (see EV, ACWP, BCWP, BCWP, EAC, VAC)
Backbone
high speed data link connecting the main NW and carrying the heaviest traffic
Backronym acronym refering to itself in the expression for which it stands (see recursive acronym , retronym ,
anacronym ). Backronym example : VISA International Service Association (1976)
BaffleText
more sophisticated CAPTCHA filter made by PARC
*.bak
back-up file format
BAL
Business Analysis Library
BALUN
BALanced / UNbalanced
BAM
Business Activity Management (see SAM)
BAM
Business Activity Monitoring (could be related to BI, TCO for IT managers)
BAM
Bidirectional Associative Memory
Body Area NW: IEEE 802.15.6 wireless mini-emitter/receiver to be installed around, on/in the human body (WPAN)
BAN
Bandwidth
firstly an expression of the analog capacity (Hz), secondly of the digital transfer capacity.
Bank ID
5-digit alphanumeric key / abbreviation (i.e. DEUBA = Deutsche Bank)
Banking
see SAP Banking
BAPCO
Belgian Assn of Professional Conference Organizers
BAPI
Business Application Programming Interface (see API) : w/i SAP, that transaction retrieves
a list of all Business Objects and their BAPIs from the BOR. Mailing list: http://www.sap.com/
products/techno/bapis/feedback/mailing/mailing.htm)
BASDA
Business Aplication SW Developers Assn (UK)
Base 2 system binary number system
Base 10 system decimal number system
Basel II or 2 banking standards set for regulating finance and banking in the EC (see Solvency II )
BASIC
Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (programming language)
BASIC
Beginner's All-purpose Systemic Individual Construction (FBC>s concept)
Bastion Host hardened system to resist attack and used as a firewall component
*.bat
see Batch file
BATCH
simple program file / stored commands series
Batch file
DOS commands in a *.bat file
BATNA
Best Alternative To a Negotiated Agreement (see MOU)
Baud
measurement unit of digital data transmission speed
B2B
Business To Business (see B2C, C2C)
BBDE
Browser-Based Desktop Environment (see DE)
BBK
Library Bibliographic
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b-Blog
Blog for mainly sharing business insights instead of personal concerns
BBMC
Brussels Business Mediation Center (http://www.bbmcmediation.be/)
BBP
Business-to-Business Procurement (SAP)
BBRT
Beyond Budgeting Round Table (Intl Research Consortium sponsored by 70 large enterprises)
Bulletin Board Syst.: computerized meeting system allowing subscribers to discuss & exchange files (asynchronously)
BBS
BC
Basis Components (R/3 Business Application Area), Binary Computing, Business Continuity
BC
Business Continuity (see IRM, RM)
BC-BE
Business Engineer (within the SAP BC)
BCD
Binary Coded Decimal. Fr: décimal codé binaire
BCD
Belgian Centre for Domotic
BC / DR
Business Continuity / Disaster Recovery
BCE (Fr)
Banque Centrale Européenne (see ECB)
BC-FES-DEI Desktop Integration : use of Excel for R/3 data display & processing
B Channel
Bearer Channel
BCI
Brain-Computer Interface
BCIS
Business Change Implementation Specialist
BCM
Business Change Management (FBC>s )(e-BCM : updated version)
BCP
Business Continuity Planning (see BCPR)
BCP
Business Critical Path (see CPM)
BCPL
Basic Compiled Programming Language
BCPR
Business Continuity Planning Requirements
BCR
Bar Code Reader
BCS
Banking Commercial Standard, Business Computing System
BCS
Basic Content Services (see ECM)
BCS
Business Classification Scheme
BCS
Business Communication System (communication, telecommunication)
BC-SRV-ARL SAP Archive Link Service
BCU
Bus Coupling Unit
BCWP
Budgeted Cost of Work Performed (see EV, ACWP, BAC, EAC, VAC)
BCWS
Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled (see EV, ACWP, BAC, EAC, VAC)
BD
Business Domain (see TD) (IE)
BDAY
Beginning of the Day (see EDAY)
BDC
Batch Data Conversion
BDC
Batch Data Communication (BC-SRV)
BDC
Backup Domain Controller
BDE
Borland Database Engine
BDF
Bean Scripting Framework
BDI
Bulk Data Ingestion
BDM
Business Development Manager
BDOS
Basic DOS
.be
.be (Belgium) domain (see DNS)
BE
Business Engineering (see BPR, BPM, RBE)
BEA
Bureau of Economic Analysis (USA)
Bear Market decreasing market
BECTA
British Education Communications and Technology Agency
BEI
Business Enterprise Integration
BEL
Beep (HEX=07, DEC=7)
BELTUG
BELgian Telecom Users Group
BEM
Business Event Management (see BPM, BPR)
Benchmarking value chain processes comparison
Benchmarks set of programs to check the PC specs
BENS
Business Executive for National Security : it suggests the anticipation of risks.
BeOS
media oriented OS (Be Software)
BEPA
Bureau of European Policy Advisers
BER
Basic Encoding Rules (see ASN.1)
Blackberry Enterprise Server (push-mail technology)
BES
BEW
Business Engineering Workbench (SAP office)
BEx
Business Explorer (SAP)
BF
(SAP) Business Framework
BG
Background Color (see FG)
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BGAN
BGP
B2H
BHO
BI
Broadband Global Area Network (Inmarsat)(see GMD, MSU)
Border Gateway Protocol (see Peering point )
Binary to Hexadecimal (see B2O)
Browser Helper Object (pert object)
Business Intelligence (see AI, CI)
FBWPA
In France, BI = IE. It stands for "Intelligence Economique" (see BIR, CI, DCBI, EI, MI, RI)
BI
Batch Input automatically carries out normal SAP transactions and is suitable for large amounts
of data that are already available in electronic form (see BIB, BIP, EBIS, …)
Business Impact Analysis/Assessment: innovation & market position, sales & finance results, governance &
BIA
control, brand image & corporate reputation, public administration & legal obligation, liability & exposure, health &
employees safety, activities & market share,
BIAC
Biometric Access Controls
BIAC
Business & Industry Advisory Committee
Business Intelligence Beans (JAVA)
BIB
BIC
Bank Identifier Code (corresponding to SWIFT) identifies the beneficiary's Bank (see SEPA)
B-ICI
Broadband-Inter Carrier Interface
BIF
Brute Force & Ignorance (bad program)
BIFA
Border Information Flow Architecture (USA)
Big Bang
One step implementation
Big Blue
IBM (has a blue logo) (see Blue Cloud )
Big Brother Permanent police monitoring of the population (described in "1984" from G. Orwell)(see Big Mother )
Big DOS
partition with more than 65.536 sectors
Big Iron
mainframe
Big Mother wireless & video technologies use to continuously tracking the kids activities (see Big Brother )
BIM
Business Information Management
BIM
British Institute of Management (1947). Institute of Industrial Administration absorbed in 1958.
BIMBO
Buy In Management Buy Out (see LBI, LBO, LBU, LMBI, LMBO)
*.bin
MacBinary (file)
Bin
"binary" abbreviation (see bit )
Binary system System that utilizes two values : 0 and 1
Binary thinker Absolute way of thinking : yes or no, black or white, bad or good
BIND
Berkeley Internet Name Domain (see DNS)
Bing-fa
strategy, in the Chinese language (www.scienceofstrategy.com)
logon after face, voice, fingerprint recognition (related to security and others)(see Biometrics )
Biologon
Biometrics
uses individual's physical characteristics to grant or deny logon to computer/net resources
Bionics
artificial system imitating living organisms (see AR, NI, NN…)
BIOS
Basic Input Output System : set of routines (see DOS)
Biosoft
Based on biochips technologies
BIP
Business Intelligence Platform (see BI, EBIS, …)
BIP
Business Intelligence Process (see BI)
Building Integrated Photovoltaics (incorporated in facades, roofs, … instead of being a standalone element)
BIPV
BIR
Business Intelligence Reporting (see BI)
BIS
Business Information System
BIS
Business Intelligence System (see CI)
BISP
Business Intelligence Service Provider : extension of the ASP activities
BISTEL
Belgian IS by TELephone
Bit
Binary Digit, 0 and 1 (see high- and low-bit, K, Mega, Giga, Tera, Peta, Exa, Zeta, Yotta)
BIT
Bureau International du Travail
B.I.T.
Bachelor of Industrial Technology
Bitlocker
BitLocker Drive Encryption (Microsoft TM): HW-enabled data protection feature in Windows Vista
Bitloss
data bits lost during a transmission
Bitmap
image made of points (=low definition) (see *.pbm)
Bitmap file formats : BMP, GIF, RAW, RGB, TGA, TIF
BITNET
"Because It's Time" NETwork (univ. Net)
Bit rate
Number of bits per second occurring in a bit stream
BIW
Business Information Warehouse is a separate solution working with the R/3 (+3.0D) landscape
as part of the Business Framework Architecture which enables integrated data retrievals and
analysis, boasts multimedia presentation options for high quality business information.
Biz
Business (see Buzz Word )
.biz
.biz domain (see DNS)
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bizz-exert
8nergy on http://bizz-exert.blogspot.com
B.J.
Bachelor of Journalism
B.L.
Bachelor of Laws or Bachelor of Letters
B.L.A.
Bachelor of Landscape Architecture or Bachelor of Liberal Art
Black hole
arrival place of a lost mail after the sending through an undetected down router
Blade server Case with 20 or more modular mother boards
Blended thre ats Virus propagating themselves through various ways: emails, FTP, networks. E.g. Nimda
Bloatware
SW with very low functionalities that requires large diskspace and memory
BLOBs
Binary Large OBjects
Bloc d'imputation : recouvre les dimensions et les zones auxquelles on peut faire des imputations par
domaines fonctionnels (en fonction de critères de validation définis)
Blog
short for weblog (see also vlog , microblogging , Mobile Blogging )
English platform about Blogs and blogging : http://web2bizclub.blogspot.com/
French platform about Blogs and blogging : http://web2bizclub-fr.blogspot.com/
Blogger
author of a Blog and responsible for its maintenance
Blogosphere a world of Blogs (see TPFKATA)
Blogs survey in-depth survey of the Blogs for discovering new attitudes and minds profiles
FBM
Bloki
site on which Web pages can be created with no added software (http://www.bloki.com/)
blowfish
it's just a weird name for the Bruce Schneier's symmetric encryption algorithm (1993)
BLS
Bureau of Labor Statistics (USA)
Blue Cloud IBM cloud computing . Example: BlueHouse (see Big Blue )
Bluetooth
Wireless networking technology (see WiFi) (Bluethooth SIG : http://www.bluetooth.org)
BlueZ
official Linux Bluetooth stack (http://www.bluez.org)
Blu-ray
Compatible HDTV new DVD format up to 50GB (see HDDVD)
Blurb
short text block containing a quote
BM
Brain Map (see e-learning, LMS)
Business Modeler (VISIO)
BM
BMI
Body Mass Index (obesity measure)
*.bmk
bookmark collection
Bean Markup Language (Java)
BML
BML
Business Management Layer (TMN)
BMP/*.bmp OS/2 or Windows Bitmap (format)
(MS) Bitmap Manipulation Demo
BMUTIL
Belgacom Multimedia Venture
BMV
Banking Network Computer (Nixdorf)
BNC
BNC
video connector (bayonet type)
B2O
Binary to Octal (see B2H)
BO
Business Object
BOA
Back Office Application (see FOA)
BOB
Business Object Builder (see BO, OO)
BOC
Bell Operating Company
Borland Object Component Architecture
BOCA
BOD
Board Of Directors (see BOE, BOM)
BODs
Business Object Documents
BOE
Board Of Executives (see BOD, COMEX)
BOE
Bill Of Exchange
BoE
Bank of England
BOF
Beginning Of File
Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing: worldwide distributed computing infrastructure having
BOINC
more than 475,000 active computers (see cluster and grid computing ) (http://boinc.berkeley.edu/)
BOJ
Bank Of Japan
BOK
Body Of Knowledge (see PMI, PMO, PSO)
*.bol
Booasm Compressed Archive Library (www.convert-extensions.com/format/BOL-Booasm-…)
BOL
Book On Line
BOM
Bill Of Material (PP, engineering and production)
BOM
Board Of Managers (see BOD, BOE)
BOM
Business Object Model
boot or Bootstrap
initiating program / device: contains the instructions for starting the system
boot up
set of checks at the start (see boot )
BOR
Business Object Repository (SAP): object space where BAPI calls are processed (see BO)
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BOS
BOS
BOSS
Bot
Botrunner
BOT
BOT
Bottleneck
Botnet
Balance-of-System (component)
Behavior Observation System
Business & Operations Support System
short designation for "robot"
software robots operator on the Net.
Beginning Of Tape
Build Operate Transfer (mode of joint venture in between companies)
part of the Soft- or Hardware that is decreasing the PC performances
infected computers serving as a robots army that will be used for further attacks without the owners' apperception.
The propagation of the originating Trojan horses is facilitated by the development social and collaborative SW (RBB)
BP
Business Process
BPA
Business Process Automation (see IPA)
BPC
Business Process Control (management)
BPC
Business Process Component (management, EAI)
BPE
Business Process Engineering
BPEL
Business Process Execution Language (WEB services XML-based language)(see WPEL4WS)
BPEL4WS
Business Process Execution Language for Web Services
Bpi
Bits per inch
BPI
Bluetooth Pilot Interface
BPI
Business Process Improvement / Innovation
BPI
Business Performance Intelligence (see BI, CI)
BPI
Buying Power Index
BPIO
Business Productivity Infrastructure Optimization ("First Triad" + BI & Technological watch)
BPIO SE
BPIO Solution Engineer
BPL
Broadband over Power Line (see ADSL)
BPM
Business Process Management (extended and continuous process mgmt)(see BPR)
BPM
Business Process Modeling
BPM
Business Performance Management
BPMI
Business Process Management Institute
BPML
Business Process Modeling Language (BPMI): participants, activities, messages, rules, transactions, processes
BPMN
Business Process Modeling Notation, notation understandable by all business stakeholders
BPMS
Balanced Performance Management System (see BSC)
BPMS
Business Process Management System (combination of the EAI and workflow)
BPO
Business Process Optimization
BPO
Base Planning Object
BPO
Business Process Outsourcing / Off-Shoring (see in-sourcing )
Business Process Re-engineering (Michael Hammer: Rengineering the Corporation)
BPR
bps
bits per second
BPS
Business Process Simulation
BPT
Business Process Technology (SAP comp.)
BPX
Business Process eXpert
BR
Bus Request
Branding
litterally … building a brand (see Personal branding )
BRI
Basic Rate Interface
BRIC
Brazil, Russia, India, China: 4 top countries in the world economy around 2050 (Jim O'Neil, 2001)
BRICS
BRIC + South Africa
Brick & Mortar
traditional activities (non-B2B activities)(see click & mortar )
Bridge
a device connecting 2 or more networks
BRIDGE
Building Radio frequency IDentification for the Global Environment (project)
BRIEFS
BRief driven Information retrieval and Extraction For Strategy
BRM
Business Risk Management
BRMS
Business Rules Management Systems
browser
Web Browser abbreviation: it allows users to navigate from one site to another for reading the content.
browsing the Web activity of the browser (see Web surfing )
BS 7799
Codes of practice for information security management (see ISMS, ISO)
BSA
Business Software Alliance (BS Assn in Belgium) : eight-point code of ethics
BSC
Balanced Score Card (Kaplan and Norton / 1992)
BSC
Belgian Senior Consultants
BSFP
Big Screen Flat-Panel
B(S)G
Business (Strategy) Game
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BSOD
Blue Screen Of Death (serious error/crash blue screen or falling over dead)
B(S)P
Business (System) Planning
BSRD
Basic - Standard - Rationalized - Dynamic (level of progress / efficiency) (see IOM)
BSS
Broadcasting Satellite Service
BTA
Belgian Teleworking Assn (02/475.2000)
BTA
Bilateral Trade Agreement
BTCLI
Bluetooth Command Line Interface (see HCI)
BTE
(SAP) Business Transaction Events (special type of BAPI)
Build-To-Order (e.g. Dell)
BTO
BTO
Business Technology Optimization
BTQM
Belgian assn for Total Quality Management (www.btqm.be)(see EFQM, TQM)
BTW
By The Way (Net language acronym / jargon)(see IL or InLin)
BTX
Balanced Technology eXtended [form factor] (see AT, ATX)
BU
Business Unit (see BUM)
BU
Blow-Up (zoom)
Bucket
Group (user, feature, problem)
Bug
residual programming error (see dbg, WORM, Y2K, ...)
BUM
Business Unit Management (see BU)
bundle
collection of software products (IS-SW)
bundling
items combination according to particular criteria
BUS
signal internal pathway (see ISA, PCI)
Bus
a local area network topology in which all workstations are connected to a single cable
Business area
Specific operational area (activity, region …) as a final breakdown of a
(Fr.: domaine d'activité) company's balance sheet & profit+loss statement (for internal use)
Business Game
Educative exercise that simulates the enterprise management in its market
Business Navigator
Direct link in between documentation and transactions (Transaction SB09)
Opérateurs logiques :
AND / ET
l'un et l'autre
OR / OU
un ou plusieurs
XOR / OU exclusif l'un ou l'autre
Buzz-word
word / phrase, sometimes sounding technical, that is popular cliché of a particular group or field (Webster Dictionary '89)
newly made-up piece of jargon (Buzz: a British comic in 1973)(www.BuzzWhack.com)
BV
Business View
BVDA
Book Value of Depreciable Assets
BVF
Belgian Video Federation
BVS
Business Voice Solution (see IN-BVS)
BW
Business Warehouse (see also DB, KW / SAP)
BWA
Broadband Wireless Access
B&W
Black and White
b-Web
Business Web
BYTE
8 Bits (see K, Mega, Giga, Tera, Peta)
C
C
C#
C++
©
C3E
C3PO
C4I ISR
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CAAT
C2B
*.cab
CAB
CABE
CABPR
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
programming language (see C#, C++, CLIPS)
C sharp
C + OOP = C++ (see CPP)
copyright / copyrighted (see ® )
see CEEE
Chief People, Progress, and Potential Officer (Kyle Shannon)(see CEO and other CxO)
Command, Control, Communication, Computers, Intelligence, Interoperability, Surveillance, Recognition (US Pentagon)
Certificate Authority (e-biz secured communications)
Chart of Accounts (accounting)(see CABE, CAUK, CAUS, …)
Competitive Advantage (see CI, IE, SCA)
Confidentiality Agreement (see MOU, TOR)
Content Architecture: what needs to be designed and set before building a site.
Cross Application (R/3 Business Application Area)(see CATS)
Computer Assisted Audit Technique (IFAC)
Consumers-To-Business
Microsoft Cabinet file format (distribution file) (see archiving )
Change Advisory Board (see CM, ECM, OCM)
Chart of Accounts Belgium (SAP). Fr.: Plan comptable belge
Computer Assisted BPR
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C2C
CAC
Cache
CACW
CAD(D)
CAD
CAD&P / M
CA-DOC
CAE
CAE
CA-EUR-CNV
CA-EUR-GEN
CAF
CAF
CAF
CAF
CAFE
CAFR
CAGB
CAGR
CAGT
CAI
CAL
CALL
CALS
CalTech
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAMCORDER
CAMEO
CAO (Fr)
CAO
cap
cap.
CAP
CAP
CAP
Caps Lock
CAPs
CAPA
CAPEX
CAPEX
CAPI
CAPP
CAPTCHA
Consumer-To-Consumer … a popular business (see B2B)
Connection Admission Control
memory chunk for speeding up routine
Computer Aided Collaborative Work (see CSCW)
Computer-Aided Design (& Drafting)(see CAE, KAD). Fr.:Conception assistée par ordinateur (CAO)
Computer Aided Debugging
Computer Aided Design & Production / Manufacturing (see CAM)
Documentation Tools
Client Application Enabler
Computer Assisted Engineering (see CAD, CATT, KAD, …)
Cross Application-EURO-Changeover (R/3 component for for local currency changeover)
Cross Application-EURO-General (R/3 component for for local currency changeover)
Composite Application Framework
Constant Applicative Form
Call Attachment Facility
Common Assessment Framework
Common Access For Everybody (Cyber - Café)
Chart of Accounts France (SAP). Fr : Plan comptable français
Chart of Accounts UK (SAP). Fr. : Plan comptable anglais
Compound Annual Growth Rate
Computer-Assisted Group Technology
Computer-Aided Instruction
Computer-Aided Learning (see EAO)
Computer-Aided Language Learning
Client Access Licenses (MS)
California Institute of Technology
Computer-Aided Manufacturing (see CAD)
Content Addressed Memories
Conditional Access Module (satellite)
Computer-Aided Manufacturing
CAMera reCORDER
Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations (see CARM)
Conception Assistée par Ordinateur (see CAD)
Chief Administration Officer (see CEO, CIO, DCIO, CFO, CKO, CLO, COO, CTO, CVO…)
capitalisation, series of interest rate options (TR-TM)
capital (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Competitive Access Provider
Computer Assisted Production (see PAO)
Computer Aided Pagination (printing business)
Capitalized letters lock (Command character )
Capitalized Phrases: frequently mentioned people, places, events, important topics (Amazon.com)(see SIPs)
Corrective Action and Preventive Action (system)
or CapEx … Capital Expeditures (see OPEX)
Capitalized Expenses
Common Application Programming Interface (see TAPI)
Computer Aided Process Planning
Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,4149,1306805,00.asp
CAR
Committed Access Rate (CoS method, see also QoS and VPN)
CARM
Computer-Aided / Assisted Risk Management (see CAMEO)
CART
Classification And Regression Tree
CAS
Card Acquiring Service (see PCN)
Communication Application Standard (Intel)
CAS
CAS
Chemical Abstract Service (Used to identify a material assigned number)
Computer Aided Software Engineering (1970s): tools aiding databases design & offering meta data services
CASE
Cash concentration
internal wiring for compensation of negative statement
Cash drain
Losses of the exercise before amortization (accounting)
CASIE
Glossary of Internet Advertising Terms & Interactive Media Measurements (available via ANA)
CASPIAN
Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering (US)("spychip" concern, see EPIC)
CASS
Coding & Accuracy Support System (US Post)
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CASSIST
CAST
*.cat
Cat bonds
CAT
CAT
CATA
CATS
CATT
CATV
CAU
CAUK
CAUS
CAV
CAVE
CB (Fr)
CB
CBA
CBAM
CBBM
CBC
CBCL
CBCM
CBD
CBDS
CBIPO
CBK
CBL
CBL
CBM
CBM
CBM
CBML
CBO
CBO
CBPDO
CBR
CBR
CBS
CBS
CBS
CBT
CBWFQ
C2C
CC (Fr)
CC
CCA
CCAr
CCAP
CCAP
CCB
*.ccc
CCC
CCD
CCDA
CCF
*.cch
Configuration ASSIStance uTility
Compaq Acceleration Server Technology
security catalog file
bonds related to disasters
Computer Aided Telephoning (see TAPI)
Computer Assisted Training (see CBT, IBT, LMCS, LMS, VTC, WBT)
Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance: Canada's largest hi-tech business development & advocacy assn.
Cross Application Time Sheet (applicable w/i CO, HR, MM-SRV, PP/MM/SM, travel expenses)
Computer Aided/Assisted Test Tool (ABAP/SAP)
Community Access TV
Command Arithmetic Unit (another name for CPU)
Chart of Accounts UK (SAP). Fr.: Plan comptable anglais
Chart of Accounts USA (SAP)
Constant Angular Velocity (CD-ROM speed)
Computer Automatic Virtual Environment (tele-immersion : game, education, science, manufacturing)
Comptabilité Budgétaire
Covered Bonds
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Cost Benefit Analysis (architecture-centric) Method to analyze the costs, benefits and schedule implications
Collectively Built Business Model (FBC>s Master Class Concept)
Channel Broadcasting Cable
Computer-Based Collaborative Learning
Component-Based Change Management (see CBM, TCM, GCM)
Component-Based Develoment
Connectionless Broadband Data Service
Custom-Build Installation Process Offering
Center for Business Knowledge
Common Business Library (see xCBL)
Computer-Based Learning (see CBT, ILT, LMS, VTC, WBL, WBT)
Cash Budget Management (SAP)
Competency-Based Management
Component-Based Methodologies (see CBCM)
Case-Based Mark-up Language (see DSS which is using CBML)
Central Buying Office/Organization
Cost-Based Optimizer
Custom-Build Product Delivery Offering
Case-Based Reasoning (see CBML, DSS, …)
Constant Bit Rate (see ABR, VBR)
Certified Business Solutions (organization established by SAP)
Common Business System, Common Business Structure, Customer Best Services =
SAP project with Bridgestone-Firestone aiming at combining the business process
reengineering phases (mainly marketing) with the setting up of a new computer system
Computer-Based System (see CBCL, CBT, WBL, WBT …)
Computer-Based Training (see CBL, ILT, LLL, LMS, OLT, VTC, WBT)
Class-Based Weighted Fair Queuing (protocol to provide CoS)
Consumer To Consumer (see B2B)
Clé de comptabilisation (SAP Posting Key)
Creative Commons : non-profit organization (Lawrence lessig, 2001)(see CCL)
Cost Center Accounting
Credit Control Area is managing the credit limit for customers. It can include one or more
companies and can be specified at the time of a posting. If not maintained : no credit limit.
Cloud Computing Acceleration Program
Cost Center Accounting Component
Creative Club of Belgium (see ACC, UMA)
conversation MS chat
Customer Competence Center (SAP)
Charge-Coupled Device (scanner, see PS-CCD)
Cisco Certified Design Associate
Common Channel Framework
COREL Chart (file)
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CCIA
CCIR
CCITT
CCL
CCM
CCMM
CCMS
CCNA
ccNSO
C-Commerce
CCO
CCO
CCO
CCOR
CCP
CCP
CCPM
CCPN
CCR(U) (Fr)
CCS
CCSID
CCSIH
CCSP
CCT
CCTLD
CCTV
CCU
CD
CD
CD
CDA
CdC (Fr)
CDC
CDC
CDC
CD.CGS (Fr)
Computer and Communication Industry Association
Comité Consultatif International des Radiocommunications (Based in Paris European committee)
Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy (see *.g3)
Creative Commons Licenses (see CC)
Component Change Management (see CM, PCM, TCM, GCM)
Collections and Cash Management Modernization
Computer Center Management System
Cisco Certified NW Associate
Country-Code Names Supporting Organization (NSO)
Collaborative Commerce
Chief Communication Officer (see CAO, CEO, CIO, CKO, COO, CPO, CQO, CSO, CTO, CVO, …)
Chief Compliance Officer (see CPO, CQO, CTO, CSO, …)
Computer Control Operator (see CNC)
Customer-Chain Operations Reference (see DCOR, SCOR)
Change Control Policy (essential updates and adjustments for network security)
Console Command Processor
Critical Chain Project Management (global consensus is required)
Critical Change Project Network (consensus on the ways to go)
Calcul du Coût de Revient (Unitaire)
Collaborative Communications Summit
Coded Character Set Identifier
Certified Computer Security Incident Handler (http://www.cert.org)
Cisco Certified Security Professional
Concept Check Tool (ASAP)
Country Code Top Level Domain (see TLD)
Closed Circuit TV
Computer Crime Unit (police department searching for electronic crimes)
Compact Disc
Carrier Detect (Net)
Context Diagram (see SCD)
Communication Decency Act (net)
Centre de Coût. EN.: Cost Center
Changed Data Capture
Century Date Change (Y2K problem)
(FBWPA : [email protected])
Common Disk Cabinet
Code CGS Identification d'une opération s/cpte général spécial (voir Posting Keys)
ex.: A=acompte, C=caution, F=demande d'acompte, J=demande de paiement, …
CDD
Commercial Due Diligence (see DD)
CDDI
Copper wire Distributed Data Interface (see FDDI)
CDDL
Common Development & Distribution License (Sun Microsystems license) (see OSL)
CDE
Common Desktop Environment
CDF
Channel Definition Format (Microsoft standard)
CDI
Customer Data Integration: blocks for a customer-centric approach (see CDM, CRM)
CD-I
CD-Interactive
CDM
Customer Data Management (see CDI, CRM)
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access: spectrum extension (see W-CDMA)
CDMA2000
CDMA version of the IMT-2000 standard developed by the ITU
CD-MO
CD Magnetic Optical
CDN
Content Delivery Network
CDO
Collaboration DO (MS)
CDO
Collateralized Debt Obligation (financial engineering technique)(see ABS, RMBS)
CDONTS
CDO for NTS
CDOLOD
CDO Library OD
CDP
Continuous Data Protection (security domain)
CDPS
Corporate Data Processing Services
CD-R
CD Recordable
CDR
Computer Disaster Recovery
CDR (*.cdr) Corel DRaw (file)
CD ROM(XA) CD Read Only Memory (eXtended Architecture)
CD-RW
Rewritable CD
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CDS
Credit-Default Swap
CD-V
CD-Video
CE (Fr)
Communauté Européenne (see EC)
CE
Concurrent Engineering
CEBP
Communications Enabled Business Processes
CEE
Central & Eastern Europe
CEEE (Fr)
Commerce Électronique Entre Entreprises (see C3E)
cel-shaded
computerized pics appearing as hand-sketched. Sometimes called toon-shaded
CENELEC
European Comittee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Regroupement produits et coûts des centres de coûts dont ils sont responsables
Centre de Profit (Fr)
Chief Executive Officer (Mgmt)(see CFO, CHO, CIO, CKO, COO, CPO, CSO, CTO, CVO, ERO, EVP …
CEO
CEOIPS
Committee of European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Supervisors
CEP
Complex Event Processing
Customer Experience Personalization (MicroStrategy)
CEP
CEPS
Center for European Policy Studies
CER
Cost Estimating Relationship: in view of the CA (see DFL, DFQ, DFCA)
CeRMiN
Research Center on Micro and Nanoscopic Material and Electronic Devices
CERT
Center of Internet security expertise, studying Internet vulnerabilities (http://www.cert.org/)
CERT/CC
Computer Emergency Response Team / Coordination Center (Public US Organism: US-CERT)
Certs
certifications (related to the Trusted Publishers)
CES
Consumer Electronic Show (USA)
CESES
Confederation of European Senior Expert Services (http://www.belgian-senior-consultants.org)
CET
Central European Time
CET
Control Enabling Technology (DOIA)
CEU
Continuing Education Units (see IACET, IEEE, PDHs)
CEV
Cumulative Earned Value
CF
Call Forwarding (service) (see CW, ISDN)
C&F
Cost & Freight (see CIF, Export Lingo )
CFAO (Fr)
Conception et Fabrication Assitées par Ordinateur (see CAD&P)
CFF
Common File Format
(Microsoft Outlook) configuration (file)
*.cfg
CF s/ EM (Fr) Contrôle Facture sur Entrée Marchandise
CFM
Corporate Finance Management
CFM
Conference File Manager (software for uploading files to the correct place)
CFML
Cold Fusion Markup Language
CFO
Chief Financial Officer (see CEO, CHO, CIO, CKO, CLO, COO, CPO, CRO, CVO, CTO, ERO …)
CFPR
Collaborative Forecasting Planning and Replenishment
CFR
Code of Federal Regulations (USA)(see e-CFR)
CFRM
Coupling Facility Resource Management
CFROI
Cash Flow Return On Investment (Holt value Associates)
CFS
Consolidated Financial Statements
CFT
Cross Functional Team
CFX
Corporate Foreign eXchange
CG
Corporate Governance (see SOXA)
CGA
Color Graphic Adapter
Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (see CISA, CISM, ISACA)(www.isaca.org/cgeitgfapp)
CGEIT
Common Gateway Interface (link between the applications and webservices for accessing dynamic data)
CGI
CGM (*.cgm) Computer Graphic Metafile
CGO
Chief Governance Officer (Mgmt) (see CAO, CFO, CHO, CIO, CKO, COO, CPO, CRO, CTO, ERO …)
CGS (Fr)
Comptes Généraux Spéciaux
CGS
Cost of Goods Sold (CO)
CGVDI
Computer Graphic Virtual Device Interface
Chaebol
large groups of family-controlled industrial conglomerates in South Korea (Keiretsus in Japan)
"chair"
chairman or chairwoman
char.
characterized (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Charityware Payment has to be made to a charity organization. Fr : Caritaticiel (France)
CHCO
Chief Human Capital Officer (see CEO, CFO, CKO, COO, CRO, …)
Ch.Depr.
Chart of Depreciation (ex. 1BE) is a directory of depreciation areas. Fr. livre des amortissements
CHIC
Constraint and Handling in Industry and Commerce
Chip
IC embedded mini-block of a semiconductor material
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CHM, *.chm
CHO
Chopper
CI
CI
CI
CI
CIA
CIA
CIA
CIB
CIC
Cicada
CICS
CICS/VS
CIDR
CIF
CIF
CIF
CIFAS
CIFS
Cigref (Fr)
CILIA
CIM
CIM
CIMA
CIMS
CIO
CIPD
cipher
CIQ
CIR
CIR
CIR
CIS
CIS
CISA
CISC
CISM
CISO
CISSP
CITEL
CKSE ™
Compiled HTML
Chief Hacking Officer (a new mission in the security domain)(see also CEO, CFO, CIO, CTO …)
designer slicing images for Web design.
Collective Intelligence (see OSINT)
Competitive Intelligence (for building CA)(see BI, EI, RI, KM)
Counter Intelligence (see BI)
Cultural Intelligence (see PI)
Central Intelligence Agency (USA security office)(see DIA, FBI)
Central Integration Agent (a critical responsibility within large organizations)
Chief Information Architect (see CEO, CIO, COO, CTO, …)
Customer Intelligence Business (see BI and MI)
Customer Interaction Center: multi-channel use for better contacts (Web, phone, VoIP, fax, kiosk,…)
Cricket-Inspired perception and Autonomous Decision Automata (see CILIA, MEMS)
Customer Information Control System (IBM OLTP program)
Customer Information Control System/ Virtual Storage (IBM)
Classless Interdomain Routing: ISPs and other large networks protocol
Client Information File
Cost Insurance & Freight (see C&F, Export lingo )
Corporate Information Factory (Bill Inmon)
Credit Industry Fraud Advisory Service (UK)
Common Internet File System
Club Informatique des Entreprises Françaises
Customized Intelligent Lifelike Arrays (see Cicada, MEMS)
Common Information Model (see DMTF)
Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (UK)
Crisis Information Management Systems
Chief Information Officer (see CAO, CEO, CFO, CHO, CKO, COO, CPO, CRO, CTO, CISO, DCIO, ERO
Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, London
algorithm for reversible transformation of data (characters and / or bits)
Computer-Integrated Quality (management system)
Committed Information Rate
Continuous Improvement Roadmap
Correct Information Ratio
Capital Investment Strategy (could be Entrepreneurial, Local, Regional, National)
Corporate Intelligence Service
Certified Information Systems Auditor (see CISM, CISO, CISSP, CSO, GIAC)
Complex Instruction Set Computer (see RISC)
Certified Information Security Manager (see CISSP, CISA, GIAC, CSO)
Chief Information Security Officer (see CAO, CEO, CFO, CGO, CHO, CIO, COO, CKO, CSO …)
Certified Information Systems Security Professional (see CISM, CISA, GIAC, CSO)
Inter-American Telecommunication Commission of the Organization of the American States
Certified Knowledge System Engineer (focus on the needed techniques and tools for conducting
a knowledge econometric analysis and design)
CKO
Chief Knowledge Officer (see KM)(see also CEO, CHCO, COO, CFO, CIO, ITO, CLO, CTO, CVO, …)
CKM ™
Certified Knowledge Manager (see KMCB)
CKML
Conceptual Knowledge Markup Language (see KM)
CKMs
Community Knowledge Managers
CLC
Customer Life Cycle (see PLC, SLC, ELC, DLC …)(metrics)
CLCF
CLC Funnel
CLE
Collaborative Learning Environment (see ALN, CBCL, …)
CLEC
Competitive Local Exchange Carrier (see ILEC)
CLI
Command Line Interface
click & mortar Enterprises that are developping themselves on WEB-based activities (see Brick & mortar )
click fraud
abuse of clicks on ads to generate higher income and deplete the competitor budget
click stream tracking
analysis of the surfer's clicks path
CLIOS
Complex Large-scale Integrated Open System
CLIP
Calling Line Identity Presentation (service) (see ISDN)
CLIPS
C Language Integrated Production System
CLIR
Calling Line Identity Restriction (service) (see ISDN)
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CLIST
Command LIST
CLM
Council of Logistic Management
CLO
Chief Logistic Officer (see CEO, CIO, CISO, CKO, CMO, COO, CPO, CTO, CVO, …)
cloaking
spamming technique (see Spam )
CLOS
Common Lisp Object System
cloud
a cloud business site … http://www.businesscloud9.com/
cloud computing we are all nodes in the Internet "cloud" (see social software , TCC, WEB2.0, …)
cloud OS
Microsoft cloud computing or Cloud Operating System
CLR
Common Language Runtime
Cl.to (Fr)
Classe de tolérance
CLT(R)
Cross-Language Text (Retrieval)
cluetrain Manifesto (The) "markets are conversations" (Locke)(http://www.cluetrain.com/)
CluSIB (Fr)
Club de la Sécurité Informatique Belge
CluSIF (Fr)
Club de la Sécurité Informatique Française
cluster
group of servers and resources utilized as a single system for higher output
cluster computing
coordinated parallel processing as from many computers (see grid computing )
Free clustering SW : BOINC, OSCAR
CM
Change Management (FBWPA : www.fbc-e.com)(see CAB, ECM, OCM)
CM
Cash Management (SAP module w/i FI)
CM
Complexity Management
CM
Content Management
*.cmap
character map (ttf table)
CMA
Content Management Application
CMA
Content Management Architect
CMC
Computer Mediated Communication (remote mgmt, online / e-learning, ,,,) (see BBS, CMO)
CMDB
Configuration Mgmt DB (Gartner) an integral to all IT processes, including change, problem, configuration mgmt
CMF
Cash Management & Forecast
*.cmf
Casio Movie Format (FNE)
CMF
Content Management Framework (see CMS, TCM)
CMF
Common Metadata Facility
CMIS / CMIP Common Management Information Service / Protocol
CML
Capability Maturity Level (FBC>s )
(see CMM, CMMI)
CMM
Common Metadata Model (see CMF)
CMM
Capability Maturity Model (SEI, Carnegie Mellon)
CMMI
CMM Integration
CMMS
Computerized Maintenance Management System
CMO
Chief Marketing Officer (see CEO, CIO, CFO, CISO, CKO, COO, CPO, CTO, CVO, …)
CMO (Fr)
Communication Médiatisée par Ordinateur (see CMC)
CMOS
Complementary Metal Oxide Semi-conductor (see MOS, XCMOS)
CMOV
Conditional MOVe (instruction)
CMP
Cash Management Position (0-5 days, because payment advices, by value date)
CMP
Change Management Principles (FBC>s )
CMP
Core Messaging Platform
CMP
Cellular Multi Processing
CMS
Content Mgmt System (see CMF, TCM)
CMS
Credit Mgmt Services (could be outsourced : see BPO)
CMS
Cryptographic Message Syntax
CNAME
Canonical Name or the official name in the hostnames database as opposed to an Alias
CNC
Computer Numerically Controlled (see CCO)
CNNIC
China Internet Network Information Center (www.cnnic.cn/en/index/index.htm)
*.cnt
"content" for help FNE (see *.hlp) or file extension
CO
Central Office
CO
Certificate of Origin (example : custom application)
CO
Compliance Officer: business, marketing, finance (see ORM)
CO
Controlling (module : R/3 Business Application Area)
COA
Cost of Attendance
CO-ABC
Activity-Based Cost Accounting within the CO (see ABC)
COBIT
Control Objectives for Information and related Technology
Common Business Oriented Language defined by CODASYL (see ASSEMBLER, COBOL, FORTRAN, …
COBOL
COBOL II
update of the here above previous one.
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Constraints & Opportunities in Business Reengineering Activities (FBC>s concept & methodology)
Go to www.fbc-e.com to know more.
COC
Cost Object Controlling
COCA
Cost Of Cracking Adjustment (cryptography)
CO-CCA
Cost Center Accounting (within the CO sub-module)
COD
Collect On Delivery
CODASYL
Conference On Data System Languages (see COBOL)
CODEC
COder DECoder (e.g. MPEG-1)
COE
Center Of Excellence
COE
Corporate Ontology Engineering (ftp://ftp.inf.fu-berlin.de/pub/reports/tr-b-08-09.pdf)
Coffin
ultra mini-rooms in some Hong-Kong and Japan hotels (see SAS)
COFR
Customer Order Frequency Rate
CoGS
Cost of Goods Sold (see CoGM)
CoGM
Cost of Goods Manufactured (see CoGS)
COINs
Communities of Interest Networks (see CoPs)
COLA
Cost Of Living Adjustment (automatic wages increase covering the rising cost of living)
COLIS
Collaborative Online Learning and Information Systems (see LMS)
coll.
colloquial (used in dictionary abbreviation)
collaborative learning
educational method for making the students working together toward common goals
Collectif (compte) assure l'intégration d'un compte de comptabilité auxiliaire en comptabilité générale. Lui et
le livre auxiliaire sont mis à jour en parallèle lors de l'enregistrement d'une transaction.
collision
same time use of NW causing a serious problem
Corporate Ontology Lifecycle Methodology (see COE, CSW)(ftp://ftp.inf.fu-berlin.de/pub/reports/tr-b-08-09.pdf
COLM
colocated server server housing (see SHA)
COLP
Connected Line Identity Presentation (service) (see ISDN)
COLR
Connected Line Identity Restriction (service) (see ISDN)
.com
.com (commerce) domain = "dotcom " (see DNS)
*.com
command Microsoft application (FNE)
COM
Component Object Model
COM port
COMmunication serial port on a PC
Comex (Fr) Comité Exécutif (France) = Board of Director / Executives (BOD/E)
Command character
e.g. Cancel, Del (delete), Esc (Escape), PrtScn (Print Screen), SI (Shift-in) …
FBC>s marketing concept and methodology
Commando Marketing
Commodity Internet Utility Internet + commodities: added applications (see ASP)
Completeness of vision well grounded future-based starting point of view
COTs
Critical Operating Tasks
compar.
comparative (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Compiler
program that enables the computer using the various languages (e.g. COBOL, FORTRAN)
compress
file compacting process for reducing the space on the disk (see ZIP)
conj.
conjunction
CoNK
Cost of Not Knowing (see KM). It could means unappropriate costly decisions, opportunities losses. Worst: crash !
Consolidation (with company)
groups several G/L accts on the basis of the group account number entered in
each G/L acct for matching to a consolidation item.
constr.
construction (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Contingent claim
Receivable not identified in the balance sheet
*.cnv
(Microsoft) conversion FNE
COO
Chief Operations / Operating Officer (Mgmt)(see CEO, CFO, CKO, CPO, … and the next line)
cookie
text containing the user ID passed to his computer for identifying him when revisiting the same site
COOOOOOOO(ON)
Chief Of Other Omnipotent Officers Operating Obviously On Optronics (Or Not !)
a good image for the chief of something found on http://www.lesfrontaliers.lu/
Cookie
written on the HD file containing the surfer profile. It will be recognized upon his return on the site.
CO-OM-ABC Activity Based Costing (see TCA)
CO-OM-CCA Cost Center Accounting. Fr: Comptabilité analytique des centres de coûts
CO-OM-CEL Cost and Revenue Element Accounting
CO-OPA
Order and Project Accounting
CO-PA
Profitability Analysis. Fr: Analyse du compte de résultat
COPA
Child Online Protection Act (USA : http://www.epic.org/free_speech/censorship/copa.html)
COPC
Customer Operation Performance Center (customer center operations assessing standards)
CO-PC
Product Costing. Fr: Coût de revient par produit (standard price)
CO-PCA
Profit Center Accounting. Fr: Comptabilité des centres de profit
COBRA
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CO-PC-OBJ Cost Object Controlling
CO-PC-PRD Product Cost Planning
COPP
Cost Of Poor Performance
COPQ
Cost Of Poor Quality (see TQM)
CoPs
Community of Practices (part of KM projects)(see CoINs, LC)
CORBA
Component ORB Architecture
people staff in the company (ATKearney)
Corporate genome
CoS
Class of Service (traffic differentiation on a network) (see DoS, QoS)
C. of S.
Chief of Staff
COTS
Commercial off-the-shelf Software
CPA
Critical Path Analysis (see CPM, PERT)
CPA
Certified Public Accountant (see AICPA)
CPA
Cost Per Action (see also CPC, CPL, CPM, CPR, CPT)(metrics)
CPC
Cost Per Click (see also CPA, CPM, CPR)(metrics)
CPCS
Common Part Convergence Sublayer
CPD
Conto Pro Diverse (OTA management). Fr: comptes occasionnels
CPE (Fr)
Chaîne de Processus (déclenchée) par Evénement (voir SAP BE)
CPE
Customer Premises Equipment
CPG
Consumer Packaged Goods
CPI
Consumer Price Index
CPI
Continuous Process Improvement (see also BPR, OD, IEM, CPI, TQM)
CPI-C
Common Programming Interface-Communications. Communication protocol containing a series
of rules that are governing communication in betweeen programs (i.e. R/2 and R/3)
CPIM
Certified In Production & Inventory Management
CPIM
Common Presence and Instant Messaging (see XMPP)
*.cpk
Copernic Engine Package (see *.csk)(FNE)
*.cpl
Control PaneL file (FNE)
CPL
Cost Per Lead (see CPA, CPC, …)
CPL
Combined Programming Language, programming language, 1960
Common Public Licence, IBM open source licence
CPL
(Microsoft) Certified Partner for Learning Solutions
CPLS
CPM
Channel Program Management (Distribution & Marketing / Channel Marketing)(see PRM)
CPM
Cost Per Thousand (M = Thousand in the Roman numeral system)
CPM
Critical Path Method (see BCP, CPA, PERT)
CPM
Corporate Performance Management : key figures centralization with the support of a DSS
CPO
Chief Production Officer (see CEO, CFO, CIO, DCIO, CISA, CKO,CLO, COO, CTO, CVO, …)
CPP
Calling Party Pays
CPR
Cost Per Revenue (see also CPA, CPC, CPT)(metrics)
CPS
Carrier Pre Select (see CS)
CPS
Central Processing System
CPS
Customer and Partner System
Cps
Cycles per second
CPSL
Common Pattern Specification Language
CPT
Cost Per Thousand (see also CPA, CPC, CPR)(metrics)
CPT
Cost Per Transaction
CPTED
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (concept related to security)
CPU
Central Processing Unit (see CU, Dual-core Chip , GPU, PCU)
CPUID
CPU Identity / Identification
CQFD
Comprehensive Quality Function Deployment (see QA, QC, DFQ, …)
CQL
Contextual Query Language (see SRU)
CQO
Chief Quality Officer (see CEO, CFO, CIO, DCIO, CISA, CKO,CLO, COO, CTO, CVO, …)
Cracker
the author of a fraudulous PWD (see hacker )
CRAMM
CCTA Risk Analysis and Management Method
CRAP
Content Restriction Annulment Protection : a new name for DRM by David Berlind
Craplet
crippled software
Crapware
unwanted programs installed on a new PC by the vendor (see Trialware )
Crawler
program visiting and reading Web sites to create entries for a search engine index
CRBE
Centre of Russian Business in Europe (Brussels) (www.centruss.org)
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check : checking data
CRD
Color Rendering Dictionary
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CR&DPC
Carrier Route & Delivery Point Code (see DPC, USPS)
Creative Commons to expand the public domain information (http://creativecommons.org/)
Credit Master Record
is automatically maintained when at least one of the following fields - risk category, credit representative.
If Credit Master Record is not maintained -> no credit limit
CRL
Certificate Revocation List
CRL
(Cooperative) Reinforcement Learning (see e-Learning )
CRM
Customer Relationship Manager (see CRM in the next line)
CRM
Customer / Citizen (Public Adm.) Relationship Management (see GRC)
CRM
Computer Risk Management (see RM)
CRO
Chief Reputation Officer (FBWPA: www.fbc-e.com)(see CEO, CIO, CKO, COO, CSO, CTO, ... )
CRO
Chief Research Officer (see CFO, CHO, CIO, CKO, COO, CPO, CSO, CTO, CVO, ERO, EVP …)
Cross-cc
Cross Company Code
Cross marketing interacting media-based multimedia marketing : performance-driven interaction
Cross-cc number
made of document number+company code+fiscal year
i.e. 0000004711 0003 91
Cross Platform Bliss
The grass is greener on both sides : http://widgets.yahoo.com/info/
Crowdfunding the Internet (mainly) social networks are funding the projects and / or the enterprises
Crowdsourcing the public is feeding the Internet with more data and information
CRP
Car Radio Phone (mobile communication)
CRT
Cathode Ray Tube
CRUD
Create, Read, Update, Delete (everyday standard operations and services)
cryptanalysis cipher text transfer in a plain text without previous knowledge of the used key for encrypting it.
CS
Carrier Select (see CPS)
CSA
Cloud Security Alliance (see cloud computing )
CSA
Customer Satisfaction Analysis (see CRM)
*.csb
Corel script 9.0 Binary (FNE)
*.csc
Corel script 9.0 (FNE)
CSC
Closed Source Code
CSC
Corporate Semantic Collaboration (see COE, CSW)
c-SC(M)
Collaborative Supply Chain (Management) : relationship-driven Supply Chain (Management)
CSCW(E)
Computer Supported Cooperative Working (Environment) (see CACW)
CSD
Computing Services Division (Division of DISA)(USA)
CSD
Circuit Switched Data
CSF
Critical Success Factors (CPM, BPR, MIS, Benchmarking)
CSF
Critical Stress Factor (solution : Zen attitude)
Corel script 9.0 include
*.csi
CSI
Code Sequence Identification
CSI
Computer Security Institute (USA)
CSID
Called Subscriber ID (see TSID)
CSIO
Chief Security Information Officer (see CEO, CCO, CIO, CKO, CLO, CPO, CQO, CTO, …)
CSIRTs
Computer Security Incident Response Teams (http://www.cert.org/)
c-SCM
Collaborative SCM
*.csk
Copernic skin (see *.cpk)(FNE)
CSLIP
Compressed Serial Line Internet Protocol to compress headers and exchange IP packets
CSMA/CD
Carrier Serve Multiple Access / Collision Detection
CSO
Chief Security Officer (see CEO, CCO, CIO, CKO, CLO, CPO, CQO, CTO, …)
CSO
Chief Sourcing Officer (Gartner concept) (see CEO, CFO, CIO, COO, CTO)
CSOC
Computer Science Olympic Competition: all Vietnamese Universities competition
CSP
Complementary Software Program (partners)
CSP
Cellular Service Provider
Commerce Service Provider: buyer authentication, order taking, sale offers details, validation, payment processing
CSP
CSR
Customer Service Representative
CSR
Corporate Social Responsibility
CSRF
Cross Site Request Forgery (attack). Also known as 'session riding' (see WHID)
CSS
Cascading Style Sheet
CSS1
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS2 & 3: www.w3.org/TR/2005/WD-css3-background-20050216/)
*.css
Cascading Style Sheet (file)
CSS
Content Scrambling System: DVD protection sytem that has been decrypted by DVD Jon
CSS
Corporate Semantic Search (see COE, CSC, CSW)
CSS
Customer Service System
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CSS
CSS
CST
CST
CST
CSU
CSU
CSV
CSW
CSWA
C&T
CT
CTACs
CTC
CTI
CTI
CTO
Customer Service & Support (could be part of a CRM)
Communication Style Survey (enterprise HR mapping, change management, …)
Client Server Technology
Comprehension Support Tool
Central Standard Time (see PST)
Certificate Signing Unit
Channel Service/Switching Unit : convenient for testing
Comma Separated Values (ASCII format)
Corporate Semantic Web (ftp://ftp.inf.fu-berlin.de/pub/reports/tr-b-08-09.pdf)
Corporate Semantic Web Applications (see COE, CSW)
Chips & Technologies
Contactless Technologies (see ICTF)
Certified Technical Application Consultants
Certified Technical Consultant (technical implementation for R/3)
Computer & Telephony Integration
Computer Telephony Interface
Change and Transport Organizers (Workbench Organizer/SE09, Customizing Organizer/SE10,
Transport Organizer/SE01): creation, doc, release of change requests.See CTS
CTO
Chief Technology Officer (see CEO, CIA, CIO, CFO, CGO, CFO, CISO, CKO, COO …)
CTP
Capacity-To-Promise (see ATP)
CTP
Community Technology Preview (http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/asp.net/bb187358.aspx)
CTQ
Critical To Quality (see ASQ, EFQM, QA, QC, QI, QM, TQM)
CTX
Corporate Trade Exchange (corporate ACH format)
Ctr
Center. Fr.: centre
Ctrl
Control (Command character )
CTS
Change / Correction and Transport System (see also TMS)
cu
see you (see IL, ur )
CU
Central Unit (see CPU)
Common User Access (IBM)
CUA
Cue-cards
memory supports (contextual assistance)
CUG
Closed User Group (service) (see ISDN)
Curr = currencies
Transaction currency = specified in the document
Local currency = assigned to the CyCd
Group currency = assigned to clients established within SAP (DEM)
Global currency = for "cross client" transactions
Hard currency =
country code-level …
Index based currency =
… to a CyCd
The system tracks 4 curr. Two more have to be specified in an additional ledger which is
assigned to track and report them on a line-item basis.
Currencies in the Project System
3 different currencies in parallel
1/ controlling area currency is THE project currency
2/ object currency can be assigned to following objects in the project
* the project definition
* the WBS element
3/ transaction currency when recorded projects are related to business transactions in another currency
*.cut
Dr. Halo (image file format)(FNE)
CUT
see TUC (http://tf.nist.gov/general/misc.htm#Anchor-14550)
CV
Cost Variance (see SV)
CV
Curriculum Vitae, also called "résumé" (see AF)
CVE
Common Vulnerabilities and Exposure: list of standardized names for security exposures.
CVFR
Current Value of Funds Rate
CVO
Chief Value Officer (need of new role / D.P. Norton) (see CEO, CIO, CKO, CLO, CRO, CTO, …CxO)
CVO
Chief Visionary Officer (see CEO, CIO, CKO, CLO, CRO, CTO, …CxO)
CVS
Concurrent Versions System: tool used to manage changes within the source code tree.
CVSELP
Codex Vector Sum Excited Linear Prediction (algorithm)
C&W
Cable & Wireless
CW
Call Waiting (service) (see CF, ISDN)
CWE
Collaborative Working Environment
CWEB
new WEB version for the C programming language
CWM
Common Warehouse Metamodel
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CWS
CxO
Cy
Cyber War
Cyborg
CyCd
Cool Web Search (pert object)
Chief "something" Officer (see also CEO, CFO, CIO, CKO, CLO, COO, CRO, CTO, CVO, ITO, …)
Company
Massive use of all kinds of electronics for doing war (see Info War )
CYBernetic ORGanism (Cybernetics, 1948 !)
Company Code / Société : i.e. Acxx, BE01, … Minimum entries =
Ch.Acct, FY Variant, FS Variant, Max Exch.rate, Productive CyCd, Address, VAT
CyCd-G/L Acct-Bank
is a specialization of a CyCd-G/L Acct
CyCd-SL
voir Société-SL
D
DA
DaaS
DAB
DAC
DACS
DA/DomA
DAF (Fr)
DAI
DAL
DAM
DAM
DAM
DAML
D-AMPS
DANTE
DAO
DAO
DAOM
DAR
Dark Net
Dark traffic
DARM
DARPA
DARS
DARS
DAS
DAS
DAS
DAS3
DAS
DASD
Dashboard
DASL
*.dat
DAT
Data
Data diddler
Datagram
Data leakage
Data mart
Data Set
DAV
db
DB
DBA
DBA
DBA
DBCS
DBF (*.dbf)
dbg
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Distributed Authentification (see RPA)
Development as a Service (see HaaS, IaaS, PaaS, SaaS)
Digital Audio Broadcasting
Digital-to-Analog Converter
Door Access Control System (see WHID)
Domaine d'Activité (France)
Directeur Administratif et Financier (France)
Distributed Artificial Intelligence (see AI)
Dedicated Advertiser Location
Data Access Manager (Apple)
Data Access Module
Digital Asset Management (see AA, AM, DRM)
DARPA Agent Markup Language
2G version of AMPS
Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe (limited)
Data Access Object
Disc-At-Once (see TAO)
Dynamic Allocation Of the Memory
Daily Activity Report (see WAR)
illegal material distribution on the Net
spam, DoS attacks
Data Archive Retrieval Manager
Defence ARPA (see DAML)
Digital Audio Radio Service
Disaster Assessment Recovery System (Domino, Corporate Workflow Solutions, Inc., USA)
Data Assimilation System
Direct-Access Storage (environment)(see DASD, NAS, RAS, SAN): interlinked storage systems
Direct Attached Storage (see NAS)
Distributed ASCI Supercomputer 3
Dual Attached Stations (see SAS)
Direct Access Storage Device (see DAS)
reporting tool: a template, a board, a spreadsheet that covers the enterprise key elements
DAV Searching and Locating (see WebDAV)
registry data (used by many types of files. Example : users.dat)(FNE)
Digital Audio Tape
information raw form supplied: input to the computer or output from the computer (see DB, DBM, DBMS, DLC)
malware doing small random changes to data. Example: increasing amounts in some accounts
router (net)
copies of data made by quitting collaborators
out of a data warehouse more specific data (prepared for a group of users)
set of data that has been arranged according predefined parameters
Distributed Authoring and Versioning (see DASL, WebDAV)
decibel
Data Base, Data Bus (connector)
Data Base Administration
Data Base Administrator
Data Base Architect
Double-byte Character Set
dBASE format
debugger (example : jdbgmgr = java debugger manager)
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DBI
DBMS
DBP
DBP
DB2PM
DBR
DBRM
DBS
DBSM
DB Interface
DB Management System. Fr : SGBD (see DB, DBA, DBSM, DRDA, RDBMS, …)
DB Platform
Distributed Business Processes (see BPR, BPM)
DB2 Performance Monitor
Deterministic Bit Rate (see ABR, CBR, VBR)
Data Base Request Module
Direct Broadcasting Satellite
Data Based Strategic Management (FBC>s , Brussels),
A (relational) Database gives the opportunity to search for data, filters a view of them and link
tables of data together. A table is the basic structure of a database.
DATA : a stored piece of information
FIELD : holds pieces of DATA
RECORD : stored line of DATA, description of a topic.
DATABASE : series of records
FILE : related information collection about a subject
IFD : record layout describing a data file content and structure
*.dbx
designation of the Outlook (Microsoft Windows) files (FNE) containing the emails (see .mbx)
DC
Device Control
DC
Domain Control
DC
Direct Current (see AC)
*.dca
document content architecture (IBM format)(FNE)
DCC
Dynamic Component Communication (BC-SRV)
DCC
Dynamic Conditional Correlation (see ARCH model)
DCCP
Datagram Congestion Control Protocol (transport layer)
D3D
Display 3-Dimensions
DCBI
Decision-Centric BI
DCD
Data Carrier Detect (Pin Connector)
DCDI Faroudja picture processing for more quality (field deepness rendering) as from all formats such as DVD, HD ...
DCE
Damage Cleanup Engine (Windows XP, SP2) (see DCT)
DCE
Data Circuit-terminating Equipment
DCE
Distributed Computing Environment
DCF
Discounted-Cash-Flow (model)
DCIO
Deputy Chief Information Officer (see CAO, CEO, CIO, COO, CKO, CLO, CTO, CVO ... )
DCL
Data Control Language
DCL
Digital Command Language
DCMI
Dublin Core Metadata Initative
DCN
Data Communication Network
DCN
Design Change Notice
DCO
Data Center Outsourcing
DCOM
Distributed Component Object Model (COM)
DCOR
Design-Chain Operational Reference (see SCOR)
DCOSS
Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems
DCP
Digital Crime Prevention (see RM, VM, WHID)
DCPS
Data Centric Publish & Suscribe (layer) (see DDS)
DCS
Data Communication Service
DCS(M)
Digital Connections Scaling (Model) (see DST)
DCSS
Disk Cabinet Storage System
*.dct
dictionary (FNE)
DCT
Damage Cleanup Template (Windows XP, SP2) (see DCE)
DCT
Discrete Cosine Transform: mathematical logic-based compression (used by MPEG)(see iDCT, DWT)
DCU (*.dcu) DELPHI Compiled Units
DCVCL
Decision Cube VCL (Borland)
*.dcx
Kodak image document (FNE)
DD
Data Dictionary (SE11 starts DD)
DD
Device Driver
DD
Due Date (see BPR/M, FCFS, LPT, PLC, PLM, PM, PSO / PMO, SPT, …)
DD
Due Diligence (see CDD, VAE)
DDA
Digital Differential Analyzer
DDA
Dynamic Data Access
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DDA
Dynamic Data Authentification (see SDA)
DDB(s)
Device Dependent Bitmap(s)
DDBMS
Distributed DBMS (see RDBMS)
DDC
Dewey Decimal Classification (see EDUG, Taxonomy )
DDC(2B)
Display Data Channel (Access Bus)
DDD
(R/3) Data Dictionary Domain (Globals in R/3 personalization)
DDD
Dynamic Data Dictionary (see ADD)
DDD D MMMM YYYY
Long date in Int'l Win.ini (see MMDDYY & DDD D MMMM YYYY & Y2K)
DDE
Dynamic Data Exchange
DDF
Distributed Data Facility
DDI
Direct Dialing Inwards (service) (see DID, ISDN)
DDI
Distributed Data Interface
DDL
Data Definition Language
DDL
Dynamic Link Library (BC-SRV)
DD/MM/YY
short date in Int'l Win.ini (see MMDDYY)
DDN
Defense Data Network
DDOS
Distributed Denial Of Service (see DoS)
DDR
Double Data Rate (DRAM)
DDR
Data Dependent Routing (DB architecture related)
Data Distribution Service (see OMG) : adds typed, multi-point data distribution between publishers and subscribers
DDS
DDS
Digital Data Storage (DAT format : streaming)
*.dds
DirectDraw Surface (image file format)
DDW
Distributed Data Warehouse
DE
Debugging Extension
DE
Desktop Environment (see BBDE)
DEA
Data Envelopment Analysis (see FMEA)
DEA
Disposable E-mail Address (www.emailalias.com, www.spamex.com)
DEA
Drug Enforcement Administration (USA)
DEBI
Customer Account Group. Fr: Groupe de Comptes Clients
Debtors
accounts receivable
DEC
DECimal
decibel
sound strenght (measure) (see db)
DECT
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications
DECT
Digital European Cordless Telecommunications
Deduplication merging two or more data
Deed
statutory document (generic sense)
Deep packet inspection network flow deep analysis by the firewall system
Deep Web
Invisible Web that isn't accessed by the standard Web browers (see also Hidden Web )
def.
definite (used in dictionary abbreviation)
*.def
definition (active file)
DEISA
Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications
Del
delete (DOS command, Command character )
dems
democrats (USA)
DEMUX
demultiplexer (see MUX)
Caution. Deposit types are flagged as cash deposit or rental deposi t. Calculated interest on the paid amounts are accounted.
Deposit
Depr. area
method of depreciation (straight line, declining)
Depr. key
calculation method per area defined at Chart of depreciation level.
DER
Distinguished Encoding Rules (see ASN.1)
DES
Display Screen Equipment (http://www.infinn.com/dsemanager.html)
DES
Data Encryption Standard
DES
Digital Encryption Standard (see RSA)
DESB
Dynamic ESB (FBC>s OB)
DESS (Fr)
Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures Spécialisées
Development class : group of logically related development objects
Device Stage “Device-Stage-enabled” peripherals recognition to ease the use of printers, cameras, cell phones, media players, …
DEWs
Distant Early Warning System (see SANY, SensorSA)
DF
Dynamic Focus (screen)
DFA
Design For Assembly (see DFM, DFQ)
DFCA
Design For Competitive Advantage (see CA, CI)
DFD
Data Flow Diagram (structured design)
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DFM
Design For Manufacture (see DFA, DFQ)
DFQ
Design For Quality (see DFA, DFM, QA, QC, QFD, QCM, TQC, TQM, …)
DFS
Distributed File System
DFSD
Distributed File System Design
DFT
Discrete Fourier Transform
DFT
Design For Testability (see DFA, DFL, DFQ, …)
DFV
Design For Value: the general concept is "design for competitive advantage and positioning"
DHA
Directory Harvest Attack (see WHID)
DHCP
Dynamic Host Control / Configuration Protocol (IP address management)
DHTML
Dynamic HTML
DHX
Digital Heritage eXchange : to create intercommunicative virtual reality infrastructures
DI
Digital Imaging
DI
Distributed Intelligence
DI (Fr)
Devise Intérieure
DIA
Defense Intelligence Agency (Pentagon secret service)(see CIA)
Dialer
some are good (what you've installed), intruders are dangerous (dialing unwanted numbers)(see WHID)
DIANE
Direct Information Access Network in Europe
DIBs
Device-Independent Bitmaps
DID
Digital ID (see avatar )
DID
Direct Inward Dialing (see DDI)
DIET
Distributed Interactive Engineering Toolbox
Digerati
digital & literati
Digital native "born to be alive" in the WEB2.0+ world because they are born with the PC ! (see Second life )
DII
Defense Information Infrastructure (US Defense)
DIJA
Dow Jones Industrial Average
DIKW
Data to Information to Knowledge to Wisdom … that's much too easily said ! (see KM)
DIM
Digital Identity Mapping (security, access monitoring)
DIMM
Dual In-line MM (64 bits MM)
DIN
Deutsche Industrie Norme
Dingbat
typeface containing a decorative symbol
DIP or dip
Dual In-line Package (chip: common ceramic or plastic enclosure for an IC).
Windows' Bitmap
DIP
Dipswitch
mini switch
Direct RDRam Direct Rambus (1,6 G/s) (RAMBUS)
DirectX
Microsoft application program interface for managing images and multimedia effects
DIRS
Digital Image Recorder System
DIS
Documentation Information Service / System
DISA
Defense Information System Agency (US Defense)(see DARPA)
Distributed Computing
integrated legacy systems within a component based architecture
DivX
branded video technology for compressing digital video
DIY
Do-It-Yourself
DK
Distribution Key
DKIM
DomainKeys Identified Mail (http://www.dkim.org/)
DL
Digital Library (see JITTDL)
DL
Distribution List
DLA
Drive Letter Access
DLC
Data Life Cycle (see ILC, KLCM, PLC, …)
DLC
Digital Loop Carrier
DLCI
Data Link Connection Identifier
DLC-U
Digital Line Card (interface) (see ISDN)
Digital, Life, Design: Europe's conference for the 21st century covering digital innovation, gaming, arts and science
DLD
DL DVD
Dual Layer DVD
DLFL
Deletion Flag (archivage/archiving)
DLIB
Digital LIBrary (see DL)
DLL (*.dll)
Dynamic Link Library (links file)
DLM
Data Lifecycle Management (see ILM, HSM, LC, PLC)
DLNA
Digital Living Network Alliance
DLP
Data Loss Prevention
DLP
Digital Light Processing (technology developped by Texas Instrument in 1996)(see LCD, Projector)
DLRL
Data Local Reconstruction Layer (see DDS)
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DLT
Deletion (archivage/archiving)
DLT
Digital Linear Tape : cassette storage standard (see LTO & AIT)
DM
Data Mining (see DMS)
DM
Direct Marketing
DMA
Direct Marketing Association
DMA
Direct Memory Access / Addressing
DMCA
Digital Millenium Copyright Act (http://www.chillingeffects.org/dmca512/)
DMCR
Digital Media Consumers Rights
DMD
Digital Micromirror Device (utilized in a video projector)
DME
Direct Memory Execution (Intel 2d/3d)
DMF
Disk Media Format (see Sony UMD)
DMF
Distribution Media Format
DMI
Desktop Management Interface
DML
Data Manipulation Language (see 1GL to 6GL)
DMMS
Dynamic Memory Management System
DMP
Download Management Protocol
DMS
Database Managed Storage (space)
DMS
Debt Management Services
DMS
Document Management System
DMS
Data Mining System (see DM)
DMTF
Desktop Mgmt Task Force
DMTF
Distributed Management Task Force (developer of CIM)
DMU
Decision Making Unit
DMU
Digital Mock-Up
DMU
Disaster Management Unit (see DR, RM)
DMZ
Demilitarized Zone
DN
Decision Network (see also EDNMS, SN, SNA)
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid (see mtDNA)
DNA chips
DNA is able to incorporate large amounts of complex information applicable to various activities.
DNC
Distributed Numeric Control
DNG
Domain Name Grabbing (cybersquatting)(see WHID)
DNI
Distributed Numerical Integration
DNI
Director of National Intelligence (see Intellipedia )
DNL
Dynamic Noise Limiter (see DNR)
DNMS
Decision Network Management System (see also EDNMS)
DNR
Domain Name Resolvers
DNR
Dynamic Noise Reduction (see DNL)
DNS
Domain Name Server
DNS
Domain Name Service (based on BIND) (see also ONS, UDRP, TLD)
DNSbl
DNS based list
DNSBL
DNS Block Lists : list of the IP addresses of bad servers
DOB
Date Of Birth (CV)
Microsoft Office WORD Document format (file)
*.doc
*.docx
Microsoft Office Word in MOS 2007
DOC
Dissolved Organic Carbon
DOC
Document
Document
Information set that is arranged according some criteria
Document type / type de pièce SAP
Généralement fact.client, fact.fournisseur, document bancaire
AA
Assets Accounting. Fr.: Comptabilité des immobilisations
AA = gross posting, AN = net posting (discount deducted)
AB
General document (assets) / Pièce de comptes généraux d'immobilisations
AF
Depreciation / Amortissement
DA
Customer document / Pièce de compte client
DG
Customer credit note / Note de credit client
DR
Customer invoices / Facture client
DZ
Customer payment / Paiement client
KA
Vendor document / Pièce de compte fournisseur
KG
Vendor credit note / Note de credit fournisseur
KR
Vendor invoices / Facture fournisseur
KZ
Vendor payment / Paiement fournisseur
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SA
General accounts (accounting) / Comptes généraux
SB
General accounts (bank) / Comptes généraux bancaires
SK
Cash Document / Pièce de caisse
WA
Goods sent / Sortie de marchandise
WE
Goods receipt / Réception marchandises
ZP
Payment program posting / comptabilisation des paiements
The same document types are valid for every CyCd since they are defined at the client level
Docu-Print
SAP program for viewing or printing chapters or entire handbooks from the R/3 documentation
DoD
Department of Defense (USA)
DoD XML
Registry of schemas available on http://diides.ncr.disa.mil/xmlreg/user/index.cfm
DoE
Department of Energy (USA)
Design Of Experiments: geometric principles application to statistical sampling for reducing the experiments number
DOE
DOFs
Degrees Of Freedom (see EOMs)
DOIA
Desktop Office Integration Architecture
DoJ
Department of Justice (USA)
DoL
Department of Labor (USA)
DOLAP
Desktop OLAP
DOM
Document Object Model (task force at http://domscripting.webstandards.org/)
Domain tasting abuse on the WEB (www.circleid.com/posts/domain_tasting_target_of_us_federal_cybersquatting)
DomA/DA
Domaine d'Activité (voir détails sous "Business Area")
DO(O)
Data Object (On line)
DOOH
Digital Out Of Home (Digital Signage. Fr.: signalisation numérique)
DoS
Denial of Service (see CoS, DDoS)
DOS
Disk Operating System (see BIOS, IOS, OS, WOS)
DoT
Department of Transportation (USA)
DOT
Digital Online Terminal
Dotcom
.com : domain_name.com or domain-name.com
Down paym ent
Acompte (Fr)
DP
Demand Planning
DP
Data Processing
DPC
Delivery Point Code (see USPS, CR&DPC)
DPI
Dot Per Inch
DPI
Deep Packet Inspection (see IDS, IPS)
DPM
Display Power Mgmt
Distributed Project Mgmt (MS Project)
DPM
DPMI
DOS Protected-Mode Interface
DPO (Fr)
Direction Par Objectif (see MBO)
DPO (Fr)
Diagramme de Processus Organisationnel
Draw Plus (file)
*.dpp
DPropR
Data Propagator Relational
DPS
Document Processing System
Display Power Savings Technology (Intel)
DPST
DQL
DataEase Query Language (DatEase Int'l)
DRDA
Distributed Relational Database Architecture
DR
Disaster Recovery (see DMU, RTO, RPO)
DRAM
Dynamic Random Access Memory (see MRAM, RAM)
DRDA
Distributed Relational Database Architecture (see RDBMS)
DR-DOS
Digital Research DOS
DRM
Digital Rights Management (see RMS) aka CRAP
DRS
Data Removal Software
Drucker Peter author of the famous "knowledge worker ". He died on Nov 11th 2005. He was 95 years old.
*.drw
draw (picture file / Micrograhx Designer)
DRY
Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY approach)
DS
Disk Slave
DS
Data Service
DS
Directory Service (net)
DSA
Directory Service Agent
DSA
Distributed Scheduling Architecture
DSI (Fr)
Directeur des Systèmes d'Information (France)(see CIO, ISM)
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line (see DSLAM)
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DSL
DSLAM
DSN
DSO
DSO
DSO
DSP
DSP
DSR
DSRC
DSS
DSS
DSS
DST
Domain Specific Language
DSL Access Multiplexer
Data Source Name
Day Sales Outstanding (about time on accounts receivable)
Domain Specific Ontology
Decision Support Object (see DSS)
Digital Signal Processor
Digital Sound Processor
Damage Survey Report (FEMA Form 90-91)
Dedicated Short Range Communication (see EPC, RFID)
Data Security Standards (see PCI/DSS)
Decision Support System (see AT, CBML, CPM, DSO)
Dolby Surround Sound / System
Daylight-Saving Time (summer & winter light adjustment). In 2007 the U.S. will start DST the second Sunday in
March at 2 a.m. local time and return to standard time the first Sunday in November.
DST
Design for Scaling & Transformation (see DCS): www.worldscibooks.com/business/7098.html
DST
Digital Signature Transponder (see RFID)
DSTN
Dual STN
DataSpan (Multitech)
DSVD
DT
Desk Top (see DTP)
DT
Decision Tree (strategy, management and control)
Direct Tape Access (Seagate)
DTA
DTC
Distributed Transaction Coordinator (see MS DTC)
DTD
Document Type Definition
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
DTM
Data Text Merge
DTMS
Data Transformation Mgmt System
DTP
Desk Top Publishing (activity, package) (see DT)
DTP
Digital Text Processor (see DWP)
DTR
Data Terminal Ready (modem)
DTS
Daily Treasury Statement
DTS
Data Transformation Services (http://search.msdn.microsoft.com/search/)
DTU
Data Transfer Utility
DTV
Digital TV (see HDTV)
DU
Definitional Uncertaintity (see IE)
Dual-Core Chip allows 2 CPUs sharing memory cache & bus connections to the system for more performances
dubbing
the process of copying
dummy
a "place holder" used by administrators and programmers
Dunning
Action undertaken for reminding the customers of their outstanding debts / relance
Dunning area Organizational unit that can be defined as a division, distribution channel, sales organization
within a company code.
Dunning key identifies items to be dunned separately
DUT
Device Under Test
DUW
Distributed Unit of Work
DVB
Digital Video Broadcasting (world organization)
DVB-H
Digital Video Broadcasting for Handheld (see DVB, DVB-SH, DVB-T)
DVB-SH
Digital Video Broacasting Satellite-based for Handheld (see DVB, DVB-H, DVB-T)
DVB-T
Digital Video Broadcasting Terrestrial (see DVB, DVB-H, DVB-SH)
DVCP
Dynamic VPN Configuration Protocol
DVD
Digital Video Disc (at first), Digital Versatile Disk (after)(see Blu-ray , CD, HDCD, MMCD, SD)
DVEBMGS
Dialog, Update, Enqueue, Background processing, Message, Gateway, Spool (central services)
DVI
Digital Video Interface
DVD Jon
Jon Johansen has been the first CSS system cracker.
DVR
Digital Video Recorder
DW
Data Warehouse / Warehousing (see EDW)
DWB
Development WorkBench (SAP)
DWDM
Dense Wavelenght-Division Multiplexing (see SDH, SON, SONET, TDM, WDM)
DWG
Auto CAD DraWinG
DWP
Digital Word Processor (see DTP)
DWS
Digital World Services
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DWT
DXF (*.dxf)
DXI
DynPro
DZN
E
e
e³
E3
E3
EA
EAC
EAI
EAI
EAM
EAM
EAN
EAO (Fr)
EAP
EAP
Early Birds
Early Watch
EARN
EAS
EAS
EASI
Easter eggs
e-auction
EAWAC
EBCDIC
EBDIT
EBIS
EBS
EBS
EBT
EBIT
EBITDA
e-Biz
e-Book
e-Business
EBP (S)
EBRD
ebXML
EC
EC
EC2
ECA
ECAs
ECA
ECA
ECAD
ECB
EC - BP
ECC
EC - CS
e-CFR
EC - EIS
ECH
ECIS
Discrete Wavelet Transform: mathematical logic-based compression (see DCT)
Drawing eXchange Format (AutoCAD) (file)
Data eXchange Interface
Dynamic Program (SAP)
Dozen (ISO)
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
designates "electronic"
Extended Electronic Enterprise
Electronic Entertainment Expo (
France, Germany and UK (European countries with the largest economies and population)
Extended Attribute
Estimate At Completion (see EV, ACWP, BAC, BCWP, BCWS, VAC)
Enterprise Application Integration (Methodology & tools) (see BI, EII)
External Authoring Interface (VRML)
Enterprise Asset Management
Enterprise Attention Management (see AugCog , HCI, UI)
European Article Numbering
Enseignement Assisté par Ordinateur (see CAL)
Employee Assistance Program
Extensible Authentication Protocol
first coming participants
Proactive system diagnosis (early stage help for going live )
European Academic and Research Network
Enterprise Application Software
Enterprise Application Search : a tool for locating data in the applications
European Academic Supercomputing Initiative
PDA's hidden features
online auction
European Authority for Web Accessibility Certification (www.accessiweb.org/)
Extended Binary-Coded Decimal Interchange Code (see Unicode )
Earnings Before Depreciation, Interest and Tax
Enterprise BI Suite
Elastic Block Store (Amazon service: online DB & administration)(see cloud computing , EC2)
Electronic Bank Statement
Earnings Before Taxes
Earnings Before Interest and Tax
Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation, Amortization
see e-Business
digital book
Business via Internet (see e-Commerce , e-Gov )
Enterprise Business Planning (Solution) : for keeping the business on the right track
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Web-based model for the Electronic Business XML initiative (open standard) (OASIS specs)
European Community (see EU)
Enterprise Controlling (R/3 Bus. Application Area). Fr.: Contrôle de gestion d'entreprise
Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon's utility computing: http://aws.amazon.com/windows/)(see EBS)
Embedded and Communication Alliance
Enhanced Capital Allowances (UK): 100% first-year allowances claim on spending of qualifying plant, machinery
Entertainment Consumers Association (www.theeca.com)
Evolutionary Computation Applications (see ECT)
Electronic CAD
European Central Bank (see BCE)
Business Planning supports preparation of business plans at high level of aggregation
Elliptic Curve Cryptography
Enterprise Controlling - Consolidation
electronic CFR
Enterprise Controlling-Executive Information System. Fr.: tableau de bord
Engineering Change Hierarchy. Priorization of several change master records with functions =
change package, leading change master record (see ECM, ECR & ECO)
Entrepreneurial CIS
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ECIU
ECM
European Consortium of Innovative Universities (http://www.eciu.org/links.php)
Engineering Change Mgmt. Suite of functions allowing to change objects with history (records). Changes are
made with references to a change MR (master record): revision level to a specific change status of a material (see OCM
ECM
Enterprise Content Management (see CM, CMF, CMS, WCM, WCMS)
EC - MC
Consolidation
ECN
Explicit Congestion Notification (transport layer)
ECN
Electronic Commerce Network (Commerce One, Inc + SAP solution)
ECO
Engineering Change Order : assigns a revision level to changes statuses of docs & materials
It comes after the approval of the ECR (see also ECM & ECH).
ECOT
ECO Time
e-Commerce Commerce via Internet (see e-Business, e-Gov)
ECOP
Collection of methods that affect organizational objects :
* listed activities for selected organizational objects (IMG : enterprise structure >maintain structure > definition)
* methods for organizational objects that are stored in BOR
ECP
Extended Capacity Port (mode)
ECP
Event-Controlled Process
EC-PCA
Profit Center Accounting. Fr.: Comptabilité des centres de profit
ECR
Engineering Change Request : revision level to changes statuses of docs and materials
(see ECM, ECH, ECO)
ECR
Efficient Consumer Response (SAP Retail Store)
ECT
Evolutionary Computation Theory (see ECA): scheduling, control, power systems, robotic, signal processing,
data mining, bioinformatics.
ECTS
European Credit Transfer & Accumulation System
ECU
European Currency Unit
EDA
Electronic Design Automation
EDA
Event-Driven Architecture (Oracle component of the SOA2 )
EDAY
End of the Day (see BDAY)
EDB
Engineering DB (DataBases)
EDE
Electronic Data Exchange
EDF
Enterprise Data Fabric
EDFA
Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (see DWDM, ONE, SDH, SON, SONET, WDWM)
EDFs
Electric-Ducted Fans (pressured air for cooling servers)
EDGAR
Electronic Data Gathering Archive (SEC)
EDGE
Enhanced Data GSM Environment: 2,75G (see GPRS)
EDI
Electronic Data Interface / Interchange
EDIFACT
EDI For Administration Commerce and Transport
EDM
Electronic Document Management (see EDMS, EDMRS, GED)
EDM
Enterprise Data Model
EDM
Enterprise Decision Management (see BRMS)
EDM MM
Enterprise Data Management Maturity Model
EDMS
Electronic Document Management System (see EDM, EDRMS, GED)
EDMS
Emissions and Dispersion Modeling System (developed by the US FAA)
EDMSIM
Crisis Management Simulation (see MILSIM) (C4ic, www.c4ic.com)
Enterprise Decision Network Management System supplies information on the status and the evolution
EDNMS
of decision-making abilities, verifies inconsistencies, supplies indications on internal & external scenarios evolutions.
EDOS
Environment for the Development and distribution of free Software (EC project)
EDRMS
Electronic Document and Records Management (System) (see EDM, EDMS, GED)
EDS
Ecosystem Distress Syndrome (see NC)
EDUG
European DDC Users’Group
Edupunk
a sort of DIY education (Jim Groom's blog / May 25, 2008)
EDV
Entreprise Desktop Virtualization (see VD and others)
E2E
Engineer to Engineer (collaboration, collaborative / intelligent design, CoPs, ...)
E2E
Enterprise to Enterprise : generally known as B2B for being more commercially perceived..
E2SP
Environmental Enterprise Service Provider
EEC
European Economic Community
EEM
Enterprise Engineering Methodology
EEO-1
Equal Employment Opportunity ("gender equality" in FBC BizMagazine 2: www.fbc-e.com)
EEOC
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (US) (see OFCCP)
EFF
Electronic Frontier Foundation (http://www.eff.org/) : about digital ID and more
EFI
Extensible Firmware Interface
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EFLOPS
EFQM
EFR
EFS
EFT
EGA
EGA
EGEE
EGI
EG-MMS
EGO
Egosurfing
e-Gov
ExaFLOPS (see EXA, FLOPS)
European Foundation for Quality Management (see QA, QC, QI, QM, TQM)
Enhanced Full Rate (GSM high definition digital sound)
Encrypted File System
Electronic Funds Transfer
Enhanced Graphics Adapter
Enterprise Grid Alliance (consortium of 30 leading vendors and customers)
Enabling Grids for E-sciencE : European project for grid computing
European Grid Initiative (see Grid computing )
Experts Group Manufacturing Message Specification (see MMS)
Equal Goals in Occupations
searching for his name on the Net (found in Wired Magazine)(see GQ)
e-Government (citizens and government relationships via the Net)(see e-Biz , e-commerce, G2C)
Steven Clift : "e-Government has been made for the revenues declaration, e-Democracy
has been made for demanding explanation about the use of the collected money"
E-GPS
enhanced GPS (see A-GPS),
EGPRS
Enhanced GPRS, see also EDGE
EHEA
European Higher Education Area (see HEIs)
EHL
Evolution of Human Languages (http://ehl.santafe.edu/intro1.htm)
EHR
Electronic Health Record (see HHS, NHIN)
EHS
Extremely Hazardous Substance (see H&S, EH&S)
EHS or EH&S Environment, Health & Safety. It includes components such as Occupational Health, Product
Safety, Dangerous Goods Management, Industrial Hygiene, etc. with high degree of integration
EI
Emotional Intelligence (Daniel Goleman)(see EI, EQ, IQ, GQ, MI)
EIA
Electronic Industries Association
EIA
Energy Information Administration
EIAA
European Interactive Advertising Association (annual publication of media usage figures)
EIB
European Investment Bank
EICAR
European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research (http://www.eicar.org/)(see WHID)
e-ID
electronic ID (see e-Gov , e-Stress )
EID
Environmental Information Documents
EIDC
Eco-Industrial Development Council: environmental concern and action
EIDE
Enhanced IDE (see also FIDE)
EII
Enterprise Information Integration (see BI, EAI, ETL)
EIM
Enterprise Information Management
EIP
Enterprise Information Portal
EIP
Extended Instruction Pointer (register)
EIR
Environmental Information Regulations 2004
EIS
Executive Information System
EISA
Extended Industry Standard Architecture (see ISA)
EISAS
European Information Sharing and Alert System
EIT
Enterprise Integration Technologies
EIT
European Technology Institute
EITO
European Information Technology Observatory
EJB
Enterprise JavaBeans
EKP
Enterprise Knowledge Portal (see KM, KVC and others)
ELAN
Emulated Local Area Networks (see BAN, LAN, PAN, SAN, WAN, …)
e-Learning
"e" supported and organized learning (see CMC)
Electronic highway
see Information highway (outdated), infobahn (outdated), Internet
Elevator pitch sort of personal USP to be emphasized for avoiding a standard classification
ELF
E-Learning Framework
ELINT
ELectronic INTelligence (see HUMINT)
ELISE
Electronic Invoice Standard EDIFACT
ELSR
Edge LSR
EM
Emerging Market
EMA
Enterprise Marketing Automation (could be part of a CRM, see also SFA)
e-Mail
Electronic Mail exchanged in between computers (see snail-mail )
e-Marketing leverages the Internet to plan, design and execute campaigns more effectively because Internet has
redefined the way we are conducting businesses, communicate with others and purchase goods and services
EMBI
Emerging Markets Bonds Index
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e-MPS
EMC
EMEA
EMEA
EMF (*.emf)
EMI
EMM
Emoticon or
e-mouth
EMS
EMS
EMU
EMV
(EN)
ENDA
ENIAC
ENoLL
ENS
ENSS
entropy
ENUM
EOC
EOD / EOF
EOI
EOMs
Eonia
EOTD
EOQ
EPA
EPAR
EPBR
EPC
EPC (T)
EPC
EPC
EPCIS
EPF
EPI
EPIC
EPIC
EPLRS
e-Mail Preference Service (www.e-mps.org)
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EM vagaries)
European MEdicines Agency (www.emea.europa.eu/htms/human/epar/eparintro.htm)
Europe, Middle-East, Africa (markets, territories) (see ROW)
Windows Enhanced Metafile (Microsoft)
Electro-Magnetic Interference
Expanded Memory Manager
smiley
sign expressing an emotion
:-)
happy, smile
:-))
very happy
:-)))
very, very happy
:-D
large smile, laughing
o:-)
saintly
}:-|
deeply thinking
:-(
unhappy, sad
:-((
very unhappy, very sad
:-||
angry
%-)
confused
;-)
wink
:-*
kiss
:'-)
happily crying
:-o
shouting, surprised
:-b
drooling
{*}
warm hug (hug & kiss)
the "word of e-mouth " (on the Net / Web)
Electronic Manufacturing Service
Expanded Memory Specification
Economic & Monetary Union. Euro currency is accelarating the e-Business
European Master Card Visa (chip card)
(English)
Environment & Development Actions (Stockholm, 1972)
Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator. First computer.1943, Pennsylvania University.
1946-1955, US War Department: 30 tons, 167m², 18.000 lamps, 300 multiplications or 5.000
additions/sec. High voltage consumption and heat dissipation.
Popular Mechanics (1949): "computers in the future may weigh no more than 1,5 tons" (see UNIVAC)
European Network of Living Labs (http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/about.html)
Executive News Service
Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (see SenSys, WSN)
disorder level
tElephone Number Mapping or Electronic NUMber: feature supported by the SIP proxy server
Equal Opportunities Commission (UK, about the gap between British men and women)
End Of data / End Of File
Evidence Of Identity (see PKI, PKC)
Equations Of Motion (see DOFs)
Euro Over-Night Index Average (see Euribor, longer delays)
Enhanced Observed Time Difference (see LAT)
Economic Order Quantity: order size minimizing the carrying and ordering costs total (see ROP)
Environmental Protection Agency (USA)
European Public Assessment Reports
Extended Partition Boot Record
Event - controlled or driven - Process Chain (SAP)
Electronic Product Code (Technology) (see RFID)
(average) Earnings Per one hundred Clicks (metrics)
European Payments Council
EPC Information Services (standard) (see RFID)
Enterprise Portal Framework
Earth Policy Institute (USA) (www.earthpolicy.org)
Electronic Privacy Information Center (see CASPIAN)
Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computer (Intel)
Enhanced Position Location Reporting System
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EPM
EPM
EPO
EPO
EPON
e-Portal
Engineering Project Management
Enterprise Performance Management
Enabling Process Owner (see EWC)
European Patent Office (see WIPO)
Ethernet-Based PON
Works with information and technologies that are already in place and deliver them to people
who are willing to know about advertising, sales, promotion, projects, reports, colleagues
activities. Depending on the content, it could be an intra or EXTRA portal.
EPOS
Electronic Point-Of-Sale (see POS)
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
Eprint Archive collection of digital documents: http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/self-faq/#Eprint-Archive
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPS
Earnings Per Share
EPS
Electronic Payment System
EPS (*.eps) Encapsulated PostScript
EPS
External Project Software
EPSS
Electronic Performance Support Systems
EQ
Emotional Quotient (see Egosurfing , EI, GQ)
ER
Entity Relationship (see ERC, ERD, ERM, FER, TSER)
ERASMUS
European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students
ERC
Entity Relationship Context (see ER, ERD, ERM, FER, TSER)
ERM
Entity Relationship Model / Modeling (see ERD, FER, TSER)
ERM with UML Robert A. Maksimchuk and Eric J. Naiburg : [email protected]m (see BPML, UML)
ERD
Entity-Relation Diagram (see FER, TSER, ERM)
Ergonomics man's integration with machine (see HMI)
ERM
Employee Relationship Management (see ESS, ELC)
ERM
Environmental Resource Management
ERMS
eMail Response Management System
ERO
Environment Resource Officer (see ERR)
ERP
Enterprise Resources Planning (see XERP, PGI)
ERR
Environment Review Report (see ERO)
ERS (MM)
Evaluated Receipt Settlement
ERT
European Round Table
ESA
Enterprise Services Architecture
ESA
Entertainment Software Association (www.theesa.com/)
ESB
Enterprise Services Bus (see ISB, USB)
Esc
Escape (Command character )
ESC
External System Change
e-Science
electronic exchanges in between universities and R&D centers (see EGEE)
ESI
Edge Side Include
E-Sign Act
USA federal law granting electronic record and signature legal recognition (same as paper)
ESIP
European Safer Internet Program
ESL
English as a Second Language (see TOEFL)
ESLR
Expanded Set of Life Rules (FBC>s OB)
ESM
Editable Source Master
ESMTP
Extended SMTP
ESN
Electronic Serial Numbers
ESO
Expanded Service Option
esp.
especially (used in dictionary abbreviation)
ESP
Expert Sales Procedures
ESS (HR)
Employee Self-Service (employees access and maintenance of their own data)(see ERM, HR-ESS)
ESS
Embedded Simulation Service (C4ic, www.c4ic.com)
ESSI
European System and Software Initiative
ESSO
Enterprise Single Sign-On
e-Strategy
Strategy that is including the activities and the deployment on the WEB (B2B, B2C, …)
e-Stress
huge e-mails flows are considered as an important source of stress (several studies conclusion)
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival (see ETD)
etc.
et cetera
Etcetera
East-West Technical Cooperation in the R&D of Electronic Trading
ETD
Estimated Time of Departure (see ETA)
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ETF
ETL
ETML
ETMS
ETNO
ETO
ETP
ETS
ETSI
ETUD
.eu
EU
EUC
EUL
EULA
EUM
EUP
EUPF
EUREKA
EUREX
Euribor
Eurid
EURO
Exchange Traded Fund ("trackers")
Extraction, Transformation and Load (data)
Extraction Transformation Move and Load (data)
Electronic Territory Management System
European Telecommunications Network Operator (Assn)(report on the IT tribute to the green house effect)
Engineer To Order
European Technology Platform
Emission Trading Scheme (pollution)
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
Emerging Technologies Update Day (First Tuesday , Mobile Monday )
.eu domain (see DNS, EUrid)
European Union (see EC)
End User Coach(ing) (see TUG)
End-User Layer
End User Licence Agreement
Exchange Unified Messaging
Energy Usage Profile (related to the GCA)
European Procurement Forum (www.eupf.org)
European Research Coordination Agency
European Experience Exchange (activity within the ESSI)
Euro Interbank Offered Rate (see FMA)
European Registry for Internet Domain (".eu" domain)
As of R/3I the procedure description for changing over the EURO and the relevant section of
the IMG are found under Cross Application Components>European Monetary Union:EURO.
EURO Information Center is available on SAPNet : "euro". The EURO Customizing Assistant
is made for performing and verifying EURO-related tasks. See CA-EUR-CNV & GEN.
W/i SAP, the payroll currency is separately managed from the pay scale currency for allowing
the management and unions to freely decide when they change over to EURO (sap.com/euro)
Eurocham
European Chamber of Commerce (see Amcham)
Europol
European Police Office
EUSAS
European Society for Automatic Alarm Systems (http://www.eusas.ch/)
EV
Enhanced Vision
EVA
Earned Value Analysis (voir EVC)
EVA
Economic Value Added: a value-based metrics (see MVA)
EVC
Earned Value Calculation
EVD
Enterprise Value Delivery (methodology)
EVDO
Evolution Data Optimized (speeds ranging from 400 Kbps to 2 Mbps)
EVP
Executive Vice-President (see CEO and other CxO)
EWA
European WEB Assn (http://212.78.187.13/dev/www.ewa-belgium.com/index.php?id=12)
EWC
Enabling Work Center (see EPO, MIS-EWC)
EWG
(UN/)EDIFACT Working Group
EWMAchart control chart representing exponentially weighted moving average (QM)
EWS
Early Warning System. Gestion des exceptions (hors-normes définies par un opérateur qualifié)
Ex.: hors tendance, au-delà/en-deça des seuils, non comparables aux valeurs planifiées.
Exaoctet
1024 x Petaoctet (see Bit, Mega, Giga, Tera, Peta, Zeta, Yotta)
sophisticated flexible spreadsheet, an application being part of Microsoft Office
EXCEL
Exchange rat e type : storing of different exchange rates for different purposes for the same date and
currency combination in the system. Only one maintenance tool per exchange rate :
inversion, base currency, exchange rate spreads.
Exercice com ptable/version : périodes de l'exercice, périodes spéciales, (pér. déterminées par le système)
EXIF
EXtended INFormation (Viewer) supports JPEG, TIFF and RAW Formats (CRW, CR2, NEF,
PEF, RAF, X3F, RAW, BAY, ORF, MRW, SRF).
Export lingo (mostly US)
B/L
Bill-of-Lading
C&F
Cost & Freight
CIF
Cost, Insurance & Freight
D/A
Document against Acceptance
DL
Distribution license
DISC
Domestic International Sales Corporation
D/P
Document against Payment
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EXTRANET
Drawback recovery of duties paid on imported merchandise when re-exported
EEA
Export Enforcement Act (1979)
FAS
Free Alongside Ship
FCPA
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
FOB
Free-On-Board
FOR
Free-On-Rail
FOT
Free-On-Truck
FSC
Foreign Sales Corporation
FTZ
Free Trade Zone
GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
HS
Harmonized System
IVL
Individual Validated License
IP
Intellectual Property
L/C
Letter of Credit
NICs
New Industrializing Countries
NTB
Non-Tariff Barrier
OECD
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
SFSC
Shared Foreign Sales Corporation
SIC
Standard Industrial Classification
SITC
Standard Industrial Trade Classification
TB
Tariff Barrier
TD
Trade Development
UN
United Nations
USTR
US Trade Representative
Business processes automation with partners having access to the Intranet over the Internet
F
FA
FA
FAA
FAFNER
FAH
FAI (Fr)
FAN
FAO
FAO (Fr)
FAQ
FAS
FAS
FASB
FAST
FAST
FAT
FATF
FAWN
FAX
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC
FBC>s
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Financial Aid
Financial Acronym
Federal Aviation Administration (see EDMS)
Factoring via Network-Enabled Recursion (see Grid computing , Y-WAY)
Folding At Home
Fournisseur d'Accès à Internet (see ISP)
File Area Network (NW)
Food & Agriculture Organization (United Nations)
Fabrication Assistée par Ordinateur (see CAP, CAD, PAO)
Frequently Asked Questions (see A2Q). Fr: Foire Aux Questions
Federal Accounting Standards (USA) (see CPA, IAS)
Free Along Ship (Incoterm)(see FOB, C&F, CIF)
Financial Accounting Standard Board
Flexible Area Synchronized Transfer
Future of Advertising Stakeholders (www.fastinfo.org/measurement/)
File Allocation Table (12, 16 or 32 bits)
Financial Action Task Force (see FSF, OFCS)
Fast Array of Wimpy Nodes : cluster architecture for power-efficient key-value storage.
Fac Simile
Faster, Better, Cheaper : company development views, institutions reorganization principles, …
File Bag Collection
Financial Business Case
Find By Content
Flat Belt Conveyor (Systems)
Floating-Body Cell
Folded Binary Code
Foreign Bank Charges (accounting terminology)
Foreign Buyers Club (international business, groups, …)
Form Based Code
Fully Buzzword Compliant (…?)
Furnished by Contractor
FBC>s / Future-Based Consultancy & Solutions (www.fbc-e.com)
Business & Change Management, BPR, transformational organization, KM, Intellectual Capital
evaluation - investment - management. www.fbc-e.com
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FBCS
FBI
FBM
FBWP
FCAPS
FCC
FCCU
FCDR
FCFS
FCIP
FCS
FCFS
FCPA
FCPGA
FD
FDA
FDDI
FDI
FDM
FE
FED
FED
FEM
FEM
FEMA
Femto cells
FERMA
FERT
FESE
FFA
FFIEC
FFII
FFT
F2F
FG
FI
FIA
FI-AA
FI-AP
FI-AR
FIC
FI-CM
FIDE
FIE
Fields O/I
Fellow of the British Computer Society
Federal Bureau of Investigation (US) (see CIA, IFCC)
Free Business Magazine Future-Based Management Business Magazine on our site
Free Business White Page. Available when specified in our "translator"
Fault - Configuration - Accounting - Performance - Security (service management tasks)
Federal Communication Commission (USA) (see FCC, FDA, FPC, FTC)
Federal Computer Crime Unit (Belgium)
Failure Cause Data Report
First Come First Served
Fibre Channel over IP
First Commercial Shipment
First Come, First Served (see BPR/M, DD, LPT, PLC, PLM, PM, PSO / PMO, SPT, …)
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (1977)
Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
Fire Department (Example : NYFD = New York Fire Department) (see PD)
Food & Drugs Administration (USA) (see FCC, FTC, GMP, HACCP)
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (see CDDI)
Foreign Direct Investment
Frequency-Division Multiplexing
Finite Element
Federal Reserve Bank (USA)
Field Emitting Display (see i-FED)
Finite Element Method
Formal Engineering Methods
Federal Emergency Management Agency (USA) (see DSR)
little devices-based in-house mobile phones network for transmitting the messages via Internet
Federation of European Risk Management Association (see RM)
It sounds for "fertig" = Finished Product (SAP : MM/Material Type). Fr.: Produits finis
Field Force Automation (see SFA)
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (USA)
Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure
First Fundamental Triad (FBC>s concept and managerial deployment methodology: www.fbc-e.com)
Face-to-Face (the best way to communicate) (see P2P)
Finished Goods (see JIT, WIP)
Financial Accounting (module : R/3 Business Application Area)
Future Internet Assembly
Assets accounting. Fr: Comptabilité des immobilisations
Account Payable. Fr: Comptabilité fournisseurs
Account Receivable. Fr: Comptabilité clients
Foreign Invested Company (see FIE, WOFE)
Cash Management
Fast IDE (see also EIDE)
Foreign Invested Enterprise (see FIC, WOFE)
determine whether the account can use SAP clearing functionality. This is commonly used
in A/P and A/R and clearing accounts
Financial Assets Management (SAP)
FI-FA
Financial Controlling (SAP)
FI-FC
Financial Information System (SAP)
FI-FIS
FI-FM
Financial Managemen. Fr: Comptabilité budgétaire
FIFO
First In / First Out (inventory management) (see LIFO)
FIFO
Fit In or Faze Out (IT related syndrome)
fig.
figurative, figuratively (used in dictionary abbreviation)
FI-GL
General Ledger (accounting). Fr: Comptabilité générale
FI-GLX
Extended General Ledger
Windows update to Media Center functionality of Vista (late 2008)
Fiji
FI-LC
Financial Accounting - Legal Consolidation. Fr: Consolidation légale
Financial calculator acronyms
COMP
compute
ENT
Enter
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EXP
Exponential function
FV
Future Value
LOG
Natural Logarithm
PMT
Payment
PV
Present Value
SQR
Square Root
DTW
Day To Week
DTM
Day To Month
DTQ
Day To Quarter
DTY
Day To Year
WTM
Week To Month
WTQ
Week To Quarter
WTY
Week To Year
MTQ
Month To Quarter
MTY
Month To Year
QTY
Quarter To Year
Fin.mgmt are a = périmètre financier (Fr)
FING
Future Internet NW Design (BNN Technology in charge of the definition)
FIPS
Federal Information Processing Standard 183 &184 (USA): aerospace domain
FIRE
Future Internet Research and Experimentation
firewall
net protection / control of the PC ports access. Fr : pare-feux de protection du PC, du réseau
FIRM
Fundamental Information Risk Management (RM)
"First Triad" Communication - Integration - Synchronization (also known as unified communication + collaboration)
First Tuesday networking event (London, Oct '98) that has become a meeting place for dotcom actors (ETUD, MoMo)
FIS
Factory Information System (see Bill Inmon's CIF)
FI-SL
Special Ledgers (accounting). Fr: Comptabilité spéciale
FISMA
Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (USA) (see SM, RM)
FIT
Financial Information Technology
FI-TM
Travel Management. Fr: Comptabilité des frais de déplacement
*.flac
Free Lossless Audio Codec. Lossless audio compression codec (sound file format)
Macromedia technology for the use of the "Rich Media" (banner animation, sound, video)
Flash
flash memory non-volatile electronic memory that can be erased and recorded
FLEA
Four Letter Extended Acronym (see AAAAAA, TLA, YATLA)
FLO
Fairtrade Labelling Organization (International)
FLOPS
floating points of operations per second
FLS
Forward Looking Statement (what the public expects from a large company's CEO)
FLASH file
*.flv
Youtube video format
FLV
FM
Frequency Modulation (see AM)
FMA
Financial Markets Association (see Euribor)
FMAC
Financial and Management Accounting Committee (see IFAC)
FMC
Fixed Mobile Convergence
FMCG
Fast-Moving Consumer Goods
FME
Feature Manipulation Engine
FMEA
Failure Modes & Effect Analysis: root cause analysis, failure scenarios, impacts observation (see DEA)
fMRI
functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (see MRI, NMRI)
FMS
Fieldbus Message Specification (see VD or VFD)
FMS
Financial Management Service (US Department of the Trasury)(http://fms.treas.gov/)
FN
File Name (see FNE)
FNE
File Name Extension (see FN)
FOA
Front Office Application (see BOA)
FOAF
Friend Of A Friend, semantic WEB application (RDF graph defining relationships). Initiative for a
"who is a friend on Internet" norm (see Second Life , WEB2.0) (http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/)
FOB
Free On Board (see FOT, Export lingo )
FOCUS
FOcus on CUStomer (SAP)
FOIA
Freedom of Information Act 2000 (USA)(http://www.treas.gov/foia/)
FOISA
Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002
FOLDOC
Free On-Line Dictionary Of Computing
FOLED
Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diode
Folksonomy collaborative classyfying system (folk + taxonomy )
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FOMC
Federal Open Market Committee (USA)
FOOT
Forum for Object Oriented Technology (see OO, OOA, OOIE, OOM, OOP, OOT)
FORmula TRANslation (IBM programming language, 1956)
FORTRAN
FOT
Free on Truck (see FOB, Export lingo )
FoV
Field of View (related to monitoring devices capabilities)
FP7
EU's 7th Framework Program (for research and techological development)
FPC
Federal Power Commission (USA) (see FCC, FTC)
FPC
(SAP) First Productive Customers
FPE
FORTRAN Programming Environment
FPGA
Field Programmable Gate Array
FPP
Fixed Price Projects
fps
feet per second (imperial speed unit)
fps
frames per second (see Telecine)
FPS
First-Person Shooter (a shooting-centered video game) (see frags , ODST)
FPU
Floating Point Unit: computer part designed to process calculations on floating point numbers
(Fr)
(French)
FR
Functional Relationship (see ER). Fr: Relation Fonctionnelle
FRA
Forward Rate Agreement (TR-TM)
Fractal organization
divides the enterprise into organizational units that act autonomously (self-organ.)
FRAD
Frame Relay Access Device
frags
to kill someone temporarily when video gaming (the term has a military origin)(see FPS, ODST)
FRAM
Ferroelectric Random Access Memory
Frame
one frame represents one image in a movie
frequency
the number of times a signal is oscillating per second
FRD
Fire RetarDant
Freeware
Free program, copyright is not granted / Graticiel, programme gratuit sans droits de reproduction
(see/voir Public Domain/Domaine Public, DRM)
FSB
Front Side Bus (PC specs : FSB speed): it helps connect the CPU to system components
FSC
Financial Statement Chart (SAP)
FSCT
Financial Supply Chain Transactions (financial transactions along the SC)
FSF
Financial Stability Forum (see FATF, OFCS)
FSF
Free Software Foundation by Richard Stallman and others in 1983 (see GNU)
FSG
Field Status Group (SAP). Can be determined at 2 or 3 levels :
Client level General Data (niveau Mandant)
CyCd level CyCd Data
(niveau Société)
Acct Gr level Sales Data
(niveau groupe de comptes dans SD par exemple)
and is managing the status of the fields : hidden, optional, required
FSI
Failed States Index (USA)
FSI
Financial Software Industry
FSI
Free Standing Insert (sales promo)
FSIO
Financial Systems Integration Office (US)
FSO
Free-Space Optics
FSTC
Financial Service Technology Consortium
FStZ (Fr)
Variante de Statut de Zone
FSV
Financial Statement Version (SAP)
FSV
Field Status Variant : combination of FSG assigned to each company code (CyCd)
FTC
Federal Trade Commission (USA)(see FCC, FDA, FPC)
FTE
Full-Time Employee
FTE
Full-Time Equivalent
FTL
Faster-Than-Light in "Star Trek " (see warp speed )
FTP
File Transfer Protocol (see 0 Day)
FTTH
Fiber-To-The-Home : optical fiber line to the home / 100 Mbits/sec ! Already in Japan/2004 !
Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt: result of threatening collection of events (a change management related problem)
FUD
FUI
Frontend Usability Infocentre (see UX)
FUP
Follow-UP
collection of factors (Functionality, Usability, Reliability, Performance, Supportability) proposed by
FURP
HP for measuring applications and that could also be used for qualifying SW.
FWIW
For What It's Worth (see IL or InLin)
FX or Fx
special effects
FXSR
Floating Point Save and Restore
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FY
FYI or fyi
FYV
Full Year
For Your Information
Fiscal Year Variant (i.e. SAP : K4)
G
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
G2B
G2C
G2E
G3
*.g3
GAAP
GABBP
GAC
GACL
GAID
GALE
Government To Business
Government To Citizen (see e-Gov, G2E)
Government To Employee
Games, Gaming, Gambling industry (coined by Accenture)
Raw Fax format CCITT G3 (image file format)
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (USA)
Generally Accepted Best Business Practices (FBC>s change management concept)
Governmental Advisory Committee
Generally Accepted Complexity Level (FBC>s change management concept)
Global Alliance for ICT and Development
Global Autonomous Language Exploitation (http://projects.ldc.upenn.edu/gale/)(see LDC)
GALE will consist of three major engines: Transcription, Translation and Distillation
Galileo
European GPS
Gamevertising new technologies-enabled advertising and game association
GAMS
General Algebraic Modeling System (see AML)
GAN
Generic Access Network (3GPP of the UMA)
Gantt chart Planning / management methodology and display of tasks, processes within their time slot
GAs
Genetic Algorithms (search procedures based on the nature selection mechanics)
Gate
Organizational unit defined for flow through processes
Gateway
Intelligent interface that connects dissimilar networks (different protocols)(BC-KRN)
GATT
General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade
Gb
see Giga
GBA
Government Budgetary Accounting (see GMBA)
GBAM
General Bidirectional Associative Memory : immediate intelligence, skills.
GBC
Global Business Change (see GBD, GCM)
GBD
Global Business Driver (see GBC, GCM)
G2C
Government-To-Citizen (see B2G)
GCA
Green Computing Architecting (see EUP)
GCC (Fr)
Gestion Commande Client
GCL (Fr)
Gestion de la Chaîne Logistique (En:see SCM)
GCM
Global Change Management (top CM issue) (FBWPA : www.fbc-e.com)
GCM
Global Commerce Mgmt (elimination of cross-border trade obstacles: regulatory, logistical and financial constraints)
GDAIS
General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems (see GDIT)
GDB
GNU Debugger
GDIT
General Dynamics Information Technology: on behalf of the HSD (US) (see GDAIS)
GDMO
Guideline for the Definition of Management Objects
GDOS
Graphics Device Operating System
GDP
Gross Domestic Product (goods and services produced in the economy)(see AGI)
GDS
Global Distribution System
GDSS
Group Decision Support System (see DSS)
GED (Fr)
Gestion Electronique des Documents (see the English translation EDMS)
Geek
Internet maniac
GFE
Good Faith Effort
Genchi Genbutsu go and see for yourself . Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Genopersistation action upon an object having both mathematical and systemic meaning (Dean, 1993)
Graphical Evaluation & Review Technique: analysis technique based on flows through networks
GERT
(see PCM, PERT)
GFDL
GNU Free Documentation License (see LGPL)
GFLOPS
GigaFLOPS (see Gb, Giga, FLOPS)
GGF
Global Grid Forum (see OGSA, OGSI)
GHz
GigaHerz (see GB, Giga, Herz)
GIAC
Global Information Assurance Certification (see CISA, CISM, CISSP, CSO, UAC, US)
GID
General IDentifier (see EPC, RFID)
GIF/*.gif
Graphics Interchange Format (Compuserve). 2 versions: 1987 and 1989
Giga
1024 Megabytes (octet). See Tera, Peta.
GIGO
Garbage In Garbage Out
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GIMS
GKEC
GKP
GKS
G/L
G/L Account
Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (see Mersenne Prime )
Global Knowledge Economic Council (see KMBC)
Global Knowledge Partnership : 41 workshops in November 2005 / Tunis.
Global Knowledge Services (Andersen)
General Ledger. Fr: Grand Livre
used for yearly & P+L statements. Has a number, a name, features for automatic processing.
Is created in Chart of Account at the CyCd level and the settings are made via the Acc.Gr.
Can be identical accross several CyCd
Glazing
it means sleeping with the eyes open during an early morning meeting (see 404)
Glog
General log (output program)
Glyph
small bitmap
GM
General MIDI
GMAO (Fr)
Gestion de la Maintenance Assistée par Ordinateur
GMBA
Government Management & Budgetary Accounting (see GBA)
GMI
Genomic Medicine Institute
GMP
General Maintenance Practice
GMP
Good Manufacturing Pratice, equivalent of the FDA
GMT
Greenwich Mean Time (see TAI, UTC)
GND
short for GROUND
GNG
Grid National Governance
GNH
Gross National Happiness (let's talk about the future …)
GNI
Gross National Income (see GNP)
GNP
Gross National Product (see GNI)
GNSO
Generic Names Supporting Organization
GNU
FSF Unix-like operating system (Project founder: Richard Stellman)
Go
see Giga
Government On-line Accounting Link System: agencies report & view of their fin. information to US Treasury
GOALS II
GOGO
Aircell supplied WiFi in the Virgin America planes
GOMB
Global Operational Management Board (G7)
GOP
Grand Old Party (US Republican Party)
Gopher
hierarchy of menus used for browsing the Internet
GOPM
Group-Oriented Project Management (see PM, PMI, PMO)
Governance something above the "best practices " and related to the responsibility of the managers
GP
Genetic Programming (see AI, AL, GA), General Protection
GPF
General Protection Fault
GPI
Genuine Progress Indicator
GPIB
General Purpose Interface BUS (IEEE488 std)
GPIMS
General Purpose Information Management System
GPL
General Public License (see DRM)
GPLI
General Purpose LAN Interface (see BAN, PAN, SAN, VLAN, WAN)
GPLv3
GPL with provisions about DRM
GPO
General Plant Overhead
GPRS
General Packet Radio Services (standard for improving WAP quality and speed : 170kbps to
handle voice and data transfer). Step-up toward EDGE and UMTS
GPS
Global Positioning System (SAP is supporting the GPS-based trucks/ships tracking w/i LES)
Competitors: Galileo from Europe and GLONASS from Russia. Compatibility is expected.
General Purpose Simulation System (IBM all purpose simulation program)
GPSS
GPTF
Group Policy Task Force (common standard promotion in AD Group Policy)
GPU
Graphic Processing Unit (see PCU)
GQ
Google Quotient (how many times are you referenced on Google?) (see Egosurfing , EQ, IQ)
Granularity level of data summarization
Granularity manager
SW component (it takes raw data from the WEB site, edits & manipulates them
before the sending to the DW)
GRAS
Generally Recognized As Safe (first use in the food domain and by the FDA)
GRC (Fr)
Gestion de la Relation Client (see CRM)
GRC
Governance, Risk, Compliance
GRDDL
Gleaning Resource Descriptions from Dialects of Language (see SWT)
GRDI ™
Global Retail Development Index (A.T. Kearney : www.atkearney.com) (see RMS)
GRE (Fr)
Gestion de la Relation Employés (see ERM, GRF, GRP)
Green computing see Green IT
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Green IT
Environmentally-concerned IT management : electricity consumption, recycling process, etc.
Greenwashing green and whitewash. A sort of brainwashing applied to green / ecological matters
Grey matter older and experienced people within a company mainly counting young executives
GRF (Fr)
Gestion de la Relation Fournisseur (see GRE, GRP, SRM)
Grid
matrix of dots in the drawing area
Grid computing
distributed large-scale of interconnected computers operating like a computing utility
GRIMM
Graphical Link Mapping Method
GR/IR
Goods Received / Invoice Received (see EM/EF)
Grouping
profile/selection of accounts, levels & groups displayed for cash position or cash forecast
Groupware evolved SW for collaborative environment that facilitates information and knowledge exchange
GRP (Fr)
Gestion de la Relation Partenaires (see GRE, GRF, PRM)
GRUB
GRand Unified Bootloader, a flexible and powerful boot loader
GSA
General Service Administration
GSCF
Global Supply Chain Forum (see c-SCM, SCEM, SCM).
GSE
Ground Support Equipment
GSM(C)
Global System (for) Mobile (Communication)
GSMA
assn representing the worldwide mobile communications industry (219 countries, 800 mobile operators)
Grouping key is defined in customer/vendor Master Record
GTIM
Global Information Technology Management
GTD
Get the Thing Done / Getting Things Done
gTLD
Generic Top Level Domain (see TLD)
GTM
Global Trade Management
Global Technology Network (http://www.usgtn.org): trade lead program to match US companies
GTN
with opportunities in +40 countries.
GTP
GPRS Tunneling Protocol (3GPP standardized)
Global Trade Service (s)
GTS
GUI
Graphical User Interface (see API, UI, HMI)
GUID
Globally Unique ID
GURPS
Generic Universal RolePlaying System: role-playing game system (www.sjgames.com/gurps/)
Google Video Player
*.gvp
GVU
Graphic - Visualization - Usability (Center part of Georgia Institute of Technology)
GWA
General Warehouse Accruals
GWDD
Global Warming Discovering Density
GWG
Grids World Governance (sum of the Grids National Governances)(see Grid computing )
GWH
GigaWatts / hour (see Gb, Giga)
GZIP
GNU ZIP
H
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
<H>
Hidden (application's main window)
H.264
New standard for HD digital video
HA
Hyper Access (OS/2 Warp IBM)
HaaS
Hardware as a Service (see DaaS, IaaS, PaaS, SaaS)
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (FDA-established rules for food industry)(see ISO 22000:2005)
HACCP
hacker
pirate (on the Net. See cracker )
hacking
a hacker is hacking
hacktivism
ideologically pirating the Net (see Cyber War )
Hairpin
Telephony term that means sending a call back in the direction that it came from
HAL
Hardware Abstraction Layer
HAL
Computer in the movie "2001, a Space Odyssey " ("Hal's birthday" in the #5 FBC>s Biz Mag)
Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording (is 5-10 years away) for solving data recording problems on small surfaces
HAMR
handheld device
see mobile , PDA, smart phone
hands-on manager
delegated person who is physically involved with the business at all levels
hard curr.
Second currency used in high-inflation countries
hard salary salary according the official government rules (see soft salary )
harvest(ing) scanning the Internet to locate email addresses and create spams
HB
House Bank (SAP)
HBB
Home Based Business (02/269.0765) (see SOHO)
HCA
Human Capital Accounting (see HCI, HCM, HR, HRA, IC, ICA)
hCard
HTML vCard (see vCard, Versit)
HCCLE
Human-Centric Computing Languages and Environments (IEEE symposium)
H channel
high-speed channel
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HCI
HCI
HCI
HCI
HCIP
HCM
HD
HDCD
HDDVD
HDLC
*.hdr
HDI
HDPE
HDSL
HDTV
HE
Headend
Header
HEC
Hedge Funds
Heijunka
Heloc
HEIs
HEPnet
Hertz
HEX
HF
HFC
HFC
HFS
H2H
H2HC
HHS
HID
Hidden Web
HIDS
Hierarchology
HighMAT
HIPAA
HIPC
HIPS
HISHE
HIT
HLA
HLC
HLP/*.hlp
HLPSL
H2M
HMA
HMC
HMC
HMI
HMQUs
HO
hoax
HOLAP
Holistic
Harnessing (the) Collective Intelligence (see IC, CI)
Host Controller Interface : standardized Bluetooth command language (see BTCLI)
Human Computer Interaction / Interface (see AugCog , EAM, HMC, HMI, UI …)
Human Capital Intelligence (see HCA)
Human Capital Intelligence Process (see CHCO)
Human Capital Management (see HCA, HR, HRA, IC, ICA)
High Definition
High Definition CD (see also CD, DVD, MMCD, SD)
High Definition DVD (compatible HDTV) (see Blu-ray )
High-Level Data Link Control
High Dynamic Range (image file format)
Human Development Index
High-Density PolyEthylene (see PET)
High-data-rate Digital Subscriber Line
High Definition TV
Higher Education (see EHEA, HEI)
End point of a broadband network
Control information placed before data when encapsulating that data for network transmission
Header Error Control
investment funds (generally risked)
production smoothing . Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Home Equity Line Of Credit
Higher Education Institutions (see EHEA)
High-Energy Physics Network
Measure of frequency
HEXadecimal (16)
High Frequency (see LF, UHF)
Hybrid Fiber-Coaxial
HydroFluoroCarbon (more and more commonly related to the energy efficiency)
Hierarchical File System
Human to Human (see HMC, H2M, M2H, M2M)
H2H Communication
Health & Human Services (medecine and hospitals domain)(see EHR)
Human Interface Devices (see HCI, HMI, HTI, UI)
Invisible Web that isn't accessed by the standard Web browers (see also Deep Web )
Host-based Intrusion Detection System (see HIPS, NIDS, WHID)
Science that is containing the famous Lawrence Peter organizational principle
High Performance Media Access Technology
Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act of 1996
Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
Host-Based Intrusion Prevention Systems
How It Should Have Ended (movie sketches proposing alternative ending stories)
Human Interface Technology (see HMI, HMC)
Hybrid Learning Algorithm
High Layer Compatibility (code) (see ISDN)
Help / help file format (see *.cnt)
High-Level Protocol Specification Language (description of Internet protocol suites, security goals)
Human to Machine (see H2H, M2H, M2M)
High Memory Area
Human Machine Communication: tries to demonstrate that it is similar to H2H (see HCI, MHMC)
Human-made Capital (see EDS, NC)
Human Machine Interface (e.g. interface for the disabled) (see AR, HCI, HID, HTI) (HMI Master in USA)
Hours per Month per Qualified User: metric of success for replacing page views
Head Office (see HQ)
rumor on the web (list on www.ciac.llnl.gov/ciac/CIACHoaxes.html, also hoaxbuster.com)
Hybrid OLAP (see DOLAP, MOLAP, OLAP, ROLAP)
managerial approach that encompasses all human needs according a careful ordering of the
elements for producing a significant result that is greater than the sum of its parts.
HOSTexploit cybercrime research site (http://hostexploit.com/)
Hotspot
Wireless Internet Hotspot or available wireless public Internet connection (WiFi)
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House Bank
HPAES
HPC
HPC
HPCC
HPCS
HPDC
HQ
HIPPI
HPFS
HPMAT
HPR
HR
dealing with customers & vendors, various currencies, …
High Performance Asian Economies
High Performance Compiler, Handheld PC
High Performance Computing
High Performance Computing and Communications
High Performance Computing Systems
High Pressure Diecast (fabrication process)
Head Quarter (see HO)
High-Performance Parallel Interface
High Performance File System
High Performance Media Access Technology (see MAT)
High Performance Routing
Human Resources (department and ERP module supporting work force management)(see RR)
Matsushita Electric's slogan: “We make people before we make products. Human resources
development is an investment that must be planned carefully …
HRA
Human Resources Accounting (+/- 1970) (see HRC, HRM)
HRC
Human Resource Computing (see HRA)
HRD
Human Resources Development
HRD
Human Resources Director (FBC>s did participate with the HRD Brussels' Summit 2009)
HREOC
Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (see SDA)
HR - ESS
Employee Self-Service (participation in HR activities: data access and maintenance via the Net
and over the phone -see speech recognition-)
HRIS
Human Resources Information System (see LIS, MIS, SIS, …)
HRMP
Human Resource Management Processes
HRM(S)
Human Resources Management (System) (see HR, HRA, HRIS,)
HRO
Human Resources Officer (see CEO, CFO, CIO, COO, CKO, CTO, …)
HR-PA
Personnel Administration
HR-PA-APP Applicant Management
HR-PA-BEN Benefits Administration (HR Personnel Administration)
HR-PA-COM Compensation Administration
HR-PA-EMP Employee Management (see ERM, ESS)
HR-PA-INW Incentive Wages
HR-PA-PAY Payroll
HR-PA-TIM
Time Management
HR-PA-TRV Travel Expenses
HR - PCP
Personnel Cost Planning
HR-PD
Personal Planning and Development
HR-PD-OM
Organizational Management (see OB)
HR-PD-PPD Personnel Planning & Development
HR-PD-RPL Room Reservations Planning
HR-PD-SCM Seminar and Conventional Management
HR-PD-WFP Workforce Planning
HR-PE
HR-Training & Event Management
HR-PRM
HR-Profiling Recruiting Management (FBC>s concept and methodology)
HR-PT
HR-Personnel Time Management (within HR)
HR-PY-xx
Payroll Accounting (PY-xx table per country to comply with the local laws and rules)
HR-SC
Human Resources - Score Card (see BSC)
HRSPIN
Hampton Roads Software Improvement Network
H&S
Health and Security (see EHS, EH&S)
HSA
Hybrid Storage Alliance (Hitachi, Samsung, Seagate Technology, Toshiba)
HSCI
High-Speed Communications Interface
HSD
Homeland Security Department (US): assisted by GDIT (for more cyber security: Cyber War )
HSD
High Speed Data (mobile phone)
HSDPA
High Speed Data Packet Access to provide 8-10 Mbps data rate from a W-CDMA base station
HSDPA
High Speed Downlink Packet Access (receiving data through UMTS devices)(see HUSPA)
HSE
Hybrid Search Engine
HSI
Human System Integration (see RR)
HSM
HW Security Module
HSM
Hierarchical Storage Management (see DLM, ILM, LC, PLC)
HSRP
Hot Standby Router Protocol
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HSSB
High Speed Serial Bus (Interface)
HSSI
High-Speed Serial Interface
HSV
Hosted SW Vendors (ASP is somewhat out of the new practices)
HSYNC
Horizontal Synchronization Signal (see VSYNC)
HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language (see XML)
HTT
Hyper-Threading Technology
HTTP
Hyper Text Transport Protocol
Hub
device being the center of a star-topology NW. Active when regenerating the signal.
HUD
Heads-Up Display
Hue
overall gradation of color
HUMINT
HUMan INTelligence (military terminology) versus AI (see ELINT)
HUSPA
High Speed Uplink Packet Access (sending data through UMTS devices)(see HSDPA)
Hybrid calculator
use of analog and discrete representation for the data handling
Hybrid network
Internetwork made up of more than one type of network technology
the 21st Century will be equivalent to 20.000 years of progress at today's rate of progress" (Kurzweil)
Hyperchange
HyperTransport
AMD technology for increasing the communication speed between IC
Hz
see Hertz
I
IaaS
IAB
IAB
IAB
IACET
IACs
IACF
IAD
IADAS
IAG
IAHC
IAITAM
IAL
IAM
IANA
IARP
IAS(B)
IASC
IATA
IBAN
IBBA
IBM
IBO
IBOS
I-BOK
IBPS
IBRD
IBT
IBTS
IBUs
IBV
IC
IC
IC3
ICA
ICA
ICANN
ICC
ICCC
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Infrastructure as a Service (see DaaS, PaaS, SaaS)
Internet Architecture Board
Interactive Advertising Bureau (USA)
Internet Advertising Bureau (USA)
International Association of Continuing Education and Training (see CEU, IEEE)
Internet Application Components
International Accounting Standards Committee Foundation
Integrated Access Device
International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences (see Webby Awards )
International Auditing Guidelines (see AICPA, CPA)
Internet International Ad Hoc Committee
International Association of IT Assets Managers (http://www.iaitam.org)
International Algebraic Language (see ALGOL)
Identity (and) Access Management (see IDM, WAM)
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
International Advanced Robotics Program (see AI, IFR)
International Accounting Standards (Board) (see IFRS)
International Accounting Standards Committee
International Air Transport Association
International Bank Account Number (Country ISO code+Control Number+Actual Bank Account
Number. Example: Belgium 510-0075470-61 > IBAN BE62 5100 0754 7061). More infos
available on this WEB page http://www.abb-bvb.be (see BIC, SEPA)
International Business Brokerage Association
initialism : International Business Machines
Internet-Based Organization
InterBank Online Systems
Integration Body of Knowledge
InterBank Payment System
International Bank for Construction and Development
Internet-Based training (see CAT, CBT, LCMS, LMS, WBT)
IntraBank Transfert System
Industry Business Units (SAP)
Internal Business Volume
Intellectual Capital (mgmt) (see ICA, ICM, IP, IPR, TRIPS)
Integrated Circuit (techn)(see dip or DIP)
Internet Crime Complaint Center (USA, http://www.ic3.gov/) (see NW3C, WHID)
Intellectual Capital Accounting (see HRA, ICM)
Innovative Communication Alliance (Strategic Alliance in between Microsoft and Nortel)
Internet Authority for Assigned Names and Numbers (http://www.icann.org/)
Inter Client Communication (BC-SRV) = front end component communication
International Computer Communication Conference (Washington, October 1972)
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ICD
ICDL
ICDT
ICE
ICE
ICE
ice breaker
ICES
ICH
ICI
ICIP
iCKM
ICM
ICM
ICMB
ICMI
ICMP
*.ico
ICOE
ICP
ICR
ICT
ICTD
ICTF
ICVS
ID
I-D
IDARSs
IDB
IDBM(S)
IDC
IDE
IDE
IDEA
IDEAL
IDEF
iDEN
IDEs
IDES
IDI
IDJ
IDL
idle
IDM
IDM
IDN
IDN
IDOC
IDP
IDQ
IDR
IDS
IDSA
IDSL
IDT
iDTV
IE
IE
IEA
International Code Designator
International Computer Driving License
Information-Communication-Distribution Technologies (see ICT)
In Case of Emergency (Mobile phone:could be useful to indicate who has to be dialed to)
Interactive Connectivity Establishment
Intrusion Countermeasure Electronics : enterprise firewalls
malware application to crack the enterprise firewalls
Intelligence Community Enterprise Services (see Intellipedia )
Inventory Collaboration Hub (scenario like Kanban )
Inter/Interexchange Carrier Interface (see ICIP)
ICI Protocol
International Conference on Knowledge Management (see iKMS)
Image Color Matching (Eastman Kodak)
Intellectual Capital Management (FBWPA : www.fbc-e.com)(see HRA, IC, ICA)
ITIL Certification Management Board
International Conference of Multimodal Interface
Internet Control Message Protocol
(Windows) Icon
Industry Centers Of Expertise (SAP develops new information technologies in these centers)
Integrated Communications Provider
Initial Cell Rate
Information & Communication Technology (see IT, IT&C)
Information, Communication, Transaction, Distribution (see IT, ICT, NIT)
International Contactless Technologies Forum (see CT)
International Crime Victimization Surveys (see UCR)
Identity / IDentification (see IDM, IDN, RFID)
Internet-Draft
Integrated Document Archive and Retrieval Systems
Intelligent Data Base (data modeling+index system+querying language)(see IRDB, RDB)
Intelligent Data Base Management (System)
Isolation Displacement Contact
Integrated Development Environment (see IDEs)
Integrated Drive Electronics (see ATA, SATA)
International Data Encryption Algorithm (see AES)
Initiating, Diagnosing, Establishing, Acting, Leveraging method
Integrated DEFinition (language): analysis method and functional specification
Integrated Digital Enhanced Network (see WiDEN)
Integrated Development Environments (see IDE)
International Demonstration and Education System. R/3 environment: +300 business processes based on
a multinational group and subsidiaries manufacturing different products. It has examples of Internet functions (see ATS
Initial Domain Identifier (see ID)
International Investment & Urban Development Joint Stock Company
Interface Description Language
status of an inactive computer
IDentity Management (see IAM, ID, RFID)
Integrated Document Management (SAP)
IDentification Number (see ID)
International Data Number
Intermediate DOCument
Initial Domain Part
Information Data Quality (investment, management, monitoring to sustain key processes)
Institute for Dispute Resolution (could be contacted for Internet conflicts resolution)
Intrusion Detection Systems (see DPI, ICE, IPS)
Interactive Digital Software Association (see ESA)
ISDN Digital Subscriber Line
Interpersonal Deception Theory (related to communication : read our white paper on www.fbc-e.com)
interactive Digital TV
Internet Explorer (Microsoft)
Information Economics (FBWPA : www.fbc-e.com)(see TCE)
International Energy Agency (see LNG)
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IEC (Fr)
IED
IEEE
IEEE/CS
IER(s)
IES
IETF
IF
IFAC
IFCC
IFCR
IFD
i-FED
IFF
IFGRA
IFM
IFMA
IFMS
IFR
IFRS
IGF
IGMP
IIA
IIC
IIE
IIMS
IIOP
IIS
IKE
iKMS
IL
IL or InLin
Immeuble En Construction (voir AUC / AM)
Intelligent Electronic Device
Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (see CEU, HCCLE, IACET , ISTQB, 802.11, PAN, WLAN)
IEEE Computer Society
Information Exchange Requirement(s) (see ADatP-3, MTF, USMTF)
Information Exchange Specifications (see Asatp-3, ebXML, MTF, USMTF, …)
Internet Engineering Task Force (http://search.ietf.org/)
Intermediate Frequency
International Federation of Accountants (see FMAC)
Internet Fraud Complaint Center (FBI)
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Society
Information Flow Diagram
Intelligent Field Emitting Display
Amiga IFF (image file format)
International Federation of Green Regions Associations (www.ifgra.org)(see SESEC)
Image File Format
International Facility Management Association (www.ifma.be)
Integrated Financial Management System
International Federation of Robotics (see AI, IARP)
International Financial Reporting Standard (Mandatory for public European enterprises)(see IASB)
Internet Governance Forum
Internet Group Management Protocol
Institute of Internal Auditors
Infranet Initiative Council : Juniper, AOL, BT, Ericsson, France Telecom, Lucent, …
Institute for International Economics, Washington, USA (an excellent address: www.iie.com)
Integrated Information Management System
Internet Inter-Orb-Protocol
Intelligent Information System
Internet Key Exchange
Information & Knowledge Management Society (see iCKM, KM, KMiB)
Integrity Levels
Internet Lingo, also called PC talks
2L8
Too Late
AAMOF As A Matter Of Fact
AFAIAA As Far As I Am Aware
AFAIC
As Far As I am Concerned
AFAIK
As Far As I Know
AFAIKT As Far As I Know Today
AFAIR
As Far As I Remember
AFJ
April Fool's Joke
AFK
Away From Keyboard
AIMB
As I Mentioned Before
AISI
As I See It
AIUI
As I Understand It
AKA
Also Known As
AMBW
All My Best Wishes
APOL
Alternate Person On Line
ASAP
As Soon As Possible
ATFSM
Ask The Friendly System Manager
ATM
At The Moment
ATST
At The Same Time
ATT
At This Time
AWA
A While Ago
AWB
A While Back
AWGTHTGTTA Are We Going To Have To Go Through This Again?
AWHFY Are We Having Fun Yet?
AYOR
At Your Own Risc
AYST
Are You Still There?
B4
Before
B4N
Bye For Now
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ILC
ILDSE
ILEC
ILM
ILN
ILO
ILT
IM
IM
IM
IM
IMC
IMC
IMCR
IMD
IME
IMF
IM-FA
IM-FI
IMG
BAK
Back At Keyboard
BAYK
Back At Your Keyboard
BTW
By the way
CU
See You
F2F
Face-to-Face
FCOL
For Crying Out Loud
FWIW
For what it's worth
FYI
For Your Information
GOK
God Only Knows
HHOK
Ha, ha … only kidding
HHOS
Ha, ha … only serious
IDST
I Didn't Say That
IDTS
I Don't Think So
IMHO
In my humble opinion
IMNSHO In My Not So Humble Opinion
IMI
I Mean It
IMO
In My Opinion
IOW
In Other Words
IRL
In Real Life
ISBT
It's Strange But True
LOL
Laughing Out Loud
OTOH
On The Other Hand
ROFL
Rolling On The Floor Laughing
SCNR
Sorry, Could Not Resist
TAFN
That's all for now
U2
You Too
WTHDTIM What The Hell Do These Initials Mean?
WTT
Wanted To Trade
WTTF
Want To Test First
WTTM
Without Thinking Too Much
WYS
Whatever You Say
YAAS
Yet Another Acronym Server
YABA
Yet Another Bloody Acronym
YABSA
Yet Another Bloody Stupid Acronym
YAFIYGI You Asked For It, You Got It
YKWIS
You Know What I'm Saying
YMMD
You Made My Day
YOYO
You're On Your Own
YOYOW You Own Your Own Words
Information Life Cycle (see DLM, HSM, IPM, LC, PLC)
Interactive LDSE
Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier (see CLEC)
Information Life Cycle Management (see DLM, HSM, IPM, KLCM, LC, PLC)
International Location Number
International Labor Office / Organization (see SA8000)
Instructor-Led Training (see CBT, CATT, LMS)
Instant Messaging
Intelligent Matters (see BI)
Information Management (see IS, IT)
Investment Management (R/3 Business Application Area)/ Gestion des investissements
Internet Mail Consortium (imc.org/)
Information Management Compliance (SOXA context)
Incident Management and Crisis Resolution: wisely set along the Value Chain (see DR, RM, QM)
International World Competitiveness Year Book
Input Method Editor
International Monetary Fund
Tangible Fixed Assets (SAP)
Financial Investments (SAP)
Implementation Guide (SAP). It gives the system its country + company specific characters.
The system has provision of default values. Select what you need or define others.
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Reference IMG = base set, all available transactions and functionalities are in there
Enterprise IMG = typical configured transactions applicable to a company. Can be extended
with other modules
Project IMG = subset of the preceding. Needs to be configured to complete a specific project.
project # 1 : with the initial implementation
project # n : for each subsequent rollout of functionalities
IMHO
In My Humble Opinion (see IL or InLin)
IMINT
IMagery INTelligence (see ELINT, HUMINT, SIGINT)
IMIS
Inventory Management Information System (SAP)
IMM
International Monetary Market (Chicago Mercantile Exchange)
IMO
In my Opinion (see IL)
IMO
International Maritime Organisation
i-Mode
"Japanese pocketable Internet"
IMP
Instant Message Programming
IMS
IP Multimedia Subsystem
IMT
Information Managment Team (see SMT)
IN
International Development (R/3 Business Application Area)
IN
Intelligent Network (ITU-T)
IN-BVS
Integrated Networked Business Voice Solution
inc.
incorporated
Incoming links links number pointing to a Website from other Websites
Incoterms
International Commercial Terms (i.e. CIF, FOB, FAS, …)
indef.
indefinite (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Index curr.
Stipulated currency for external reporting in high-inflation countries. Is defined at country
level and can be overrided during the transaction
Individual Account
has a unique number. The 1st digit=digit of the corresponding Acct class
inf.
informally (used in dictionary abbreviation)
Inflation Accounting
module supporting the inflation complexities w/i high inflation territories
.info
.info domain (see DNS)
Infobahn
see electronic highway (outdated), information highway (outdated), Internet
Infocube
Advanced data storage technology: set of relational tables assembled in a star pattern with a large fact table at the
center surrounded by dimensional tables. The fact table stores key figures at the lowest level of details. Dimensional
tables store characteristics needed for reporting and analyzing these indicators but are not directly interacting as they
are linked to the fact table. The net effect is to multidimensionally store all data in the info cube.
InfoDB
comprehensive repository of educational information for training with R/3 functionalities
Info object
Key figures and characteristics (data, texts and hierarchies) gathered w/i an info source
Information highway / superhighway
see electronic highway (outdated), infobahn (outdated), Internet
Info source pieces of information that logically belong together. Can include transaction data, master data,
text and hierarchies relating to master data also known as info object. Info source = set of
info objects. Each info source is assigned to source systems and to the BIW
Infotype
Unit of information grouped as a set of data field. In DBM they store old data (historical reason)
System controlling characteristics (logically grouped data) (HR)
Infowar
INFOrmation WARfare. Old system that has added the power of Internet to its arsenal (see Cyber War ).
INMARSAT
International Maritime Satellite Organization
Innovation
articles in several issues of the FBC>s Business Magazine (www.fbc-e.com)
FBM
INS
Insert (word processor mode)
INSEA
INformation SErvices Association
INSIGHT
Information System Integrated by using Global Hypermedia Technology
in-sourcing internal competencies localization or rapatriation of the out-sourced activities
Insufficient Anti-automation
attack method
INT CA
International Chart of Account. Fr : Plan Comptable International
Intellipedia project of the ODNI, DNI CIO Intelligence Community Enterprise Services
Interface
device enabling the information exchanges in between 2 computers or peripherals
Interoperability systems ability to clerverly exchange applications for operating efficiently together
Int'l
international
Interleaving process of sticking audio and video tracks at predetermined points
Internet
NW of NWs of computers and the extension of the value chain plus the mgmt of that extension (see Web)
Intranet
Mostly IP-based private internal NW resembling the Internet in more than name (see Extranet, VPN)
Intrapreneurship inside creativity and innovation
INW
Internal NW (must become an Internal SP)
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IO
IO
I/O
IOAU
IOC (U)
IOC
IOD
IOIR
IOM
IOPU
IORTD
IOS
IP
IP
IP address
IP
IPA
IPA
IPAM
IPCC
iPhone
IPI
IPM
IPNG
IPO
iPod
IPP
IPPD
IPR
IPR
IPsec
IPSes
IPT (Fr)
IPT
IPTO
IPTV
IPV4
IPV6
IPY
IQ
IQL
IQMS
IRC
IRC
IRC
IRCT
IrDA
IRDB
IRDP
IRL
IRM
IRM
IRR
IRS
IRTF
IS
IS
IS
ISA
ISAs
Infrastructures Optimization
Internal Orders
Input / Output
Input Output Access Units (another name for IOPU)
Input Output Control (Unit)
International Olympic Committee
Intelligence On Demand
Infrastructure, Optimization, Implementation, Requirement
Infrastructure Optimization Model (see BSRD)
Input Output Processing Unit (see IOAU)
Input Output Relationships and Timing Diagram
Internet Operating System (see DOS, OS, WOS)
Internet Protocol (see IPT, TCP/IP)
Internet Provider
PC address number on the Internet
Intellectual Property
Intelligent Process Automation (IDC concept: convergence of BI tools and BPA deployment SW)
International Publishers Association
IP Address Management
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Apple Computer portable digital audio and video player + telephone (see iPod)
International Payment Instruction
Information Product Manager: information is also a product and has its own life cycle (see ILC, PLC)
Internet Protocol Next Generation (see IPV6)
Initial Public Offering (Stock Exchange) (see NYSE)
Apple Computer portable digital audio and video player (see iPhone)
Internet Payment Platform: payment information service freely provided the US FMS
Integrated Product and Process Development: DoD (USA) management technique
Institute for Public Relations (see PR)
Intellectual Property Rights (see DRM, IC, ICA, IP, IPM, TRIPs)
IP security set of protocols developed by IETF & supporting Transport & Tunnel encryption modes
Intrusion Prevention Systems (see DPI, ICE, IDS) (examples: antivirus system, firewalls …)
Interface de la Planification du Transport
IP Telephony
Information Processing Technology Office
Internet Protocol TV
Internet Protocol Version 4
Internet Protocol Version 6 (see IPNG)
International Polar Year
Intellectual Quotient (see EI, EQ, GQ)
Interactive Query Language (see SQL)
Integrated Quality Management System (see EFQM, QC, QM, TQM, …)
International Committee for the Red Cross
International Record Carrier
Internet Relay Chat
Inductive Rolling Code Tags (related to access control systems)
Infrared Data Assn
Intelligent Relational DB (see DBMS, IDB, OODB)
ICMP Router Discovery Protocol
In (the) Real Life (see MUD, VR, …)
Information Rights Management (Microsoft) (see DRM, RMS, WRM)
Information Risk Management
Internal Rate of Return
Internal Revenues Service (USA : taxes administration)
Internet Research Task Force
Industries Solutions (R/3 Business Area Solutions)
Information System (see MIS, LIS and others)
International Standard (see ISO)
Industry Standard Architecture (see EISA)
International Standards on Auditing (see AICPA, CPA, ISACA)
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IS-AA
Industry Solution - Accelerated Automotive
ISACA
Information Systems Audit and Control Assn (see CISA, CISM, …)(www.isaca.org/)
IS-AFS
IS for Apparel Footwear Solution manages the supply chain in that business
ISAKMP
Internet Security Assn and Key Management Protocol
ISAKMP/Oakley
Protocol for sharing a public key
ISAR
International Standards of Accounting and Reporting (Geneva, February 1999)
ISB
Internet Service Bus (see ESB, USB)
ISBD
International Standard Bibliographic Description for Electronic Resources
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISC
Instruction Set Computer
ISC
Internal System Change
ISC
International Steering Committee
ISC
International Strategy Committee
ISCA
International Symposium on Computer Architecture
iSCSI
Internet SCSI
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network (Fr.: RNIS)
ISEB
Information Systems Examination Board (British Computer Society)
ISF
Information Security Forum (see BC, FIRM, IRM, RM, WHID)
IS-H
Industry Solution for Hospitals (SAP module)
IS-HCM
Industry Solution for Hospital Communications
IS-HCO
Industry Solution for Hospital COntrolling
Ishikawa
cause and effect / impact diagram (fishbone diagram): simple problem solving process (see LO)
IS-HPA
Hospital Patient Accounting
IS-HPM
Hospital Patient Management
ISI
In-Service Inspection (see BA, QC, QCM, RM, …)
ISI
InterSymbol Interference (see MIMO)
IS-M/AM
Media Advertising Management
ISM
Information System Manager / Management (see DSI)
ISM RF
Industrial-Scientific-Medical Radio Frequency
ISMS
Information Security Management System (Re: BS 7799 / ISO 17799 Standard)
IS-M/SD
Industry Solution - Media Sales and Distribution
ISO
International Standardization Organization (see ANSI, JIS)
ISO 3166
countries abbreviations codes
ISO 9000
the general quality management system
ISO 9001
quality
ISO 13485 medical devices & procedures
ISO 14000:2004 environmental quality management system
ISO 14001 environment (environmental performances)
ISO 14004 environmental management best practices
ISO/IEC 15504 Processes evaluation, IT Service Management, Operational Risks, …
ISO/TS 16949 automotive industry (related to FMEA)
ISO 17799 ISO for the security
ISO 18000 occupational health and safety management system
ISO/IEC 20000 Service Management
ISO 22000:2005 / HACCP food safety management system
ISO 22000 / BRC / IFS / GMP
(agro) food
ISO/IEC 27001 Information Security Management (BS 7799: British Standard for Information Security)
ISO/IEC 38500 ICT Governance
ISOC
Internet SOCiety
ISODE
ISO Development Environment
Isode
products used internationally by ISPs, Multinational Corporations, Governments, Universities (www.isode.com/)
IS-OIL
Industry Solution - SAP Oil & Gas
ISOM
Information Systems and Operations Management
ISP
Internet Service Provider (see ASP)
ISPA
Internet Service Provider Association (see ASP): publication in assn with InSites Consulting
ISPBX
special network terminator (see ISDN)
IS-PS
SAP Public Sector (more than 500 customers worldwide / 1998)
IS-R
Industry Solution for SAP Retail
IS-RE
Real Estate Management : mgmt of real estate, rental processes, 3d party management, real
estate business controlling, evaluation mechanisms.
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ISS
Information Society Standardization System
ISS
Internal Service Systems
ISS
Internet Security Systems (see ICE, WHID)
ISSA
Information Systems Security Association
ISSC
Information Systems Steering Committee
ISSSP
International Society of Six Sigma Professionals (see TQM …)
ISSU
In Service Software Upgrade
IS-SW
Industry Specific Component - Software
IST
Information Society Technology (http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/)
IST
German current "as is" (BPR. See also "SOLL")
IS-T/NM-NEL Telco (component) / Network Management - Network Element Logistic
ISTQB
International Software Testing Qualifications Board (see IEEE)
IS-T/RM-CA Telco (component) / Revenue Management - Contract Accounting
IS-U
SAP Ind. solution Utilities
IS-U/CCS
IS-U Customer Care and Service (utilities ind.SAP module)
IS-U/FERC
IS-U Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (utilities ind. SAP module)
ISV
Independant Software Vendor
*.it
ImpulseTracker modules (sound file format)
IT
Information Technology :more and more the essential business enabler (see IT&C, ICT, NIT)
ITA
Interim Type Approval
ITAA
Information Technology Association of America
ITB&O
In-sourced Team Building & Optimization (FBC>s concept and methodology)
ITC
(SAP) International Training Center
IT&C
Information Technology & Communication (see ICDT)
Improved Total Development Process : quality engineering using robust design (CEPRA)
ITDP
ITEL
Interactive TEL
Item level control (SD)
Each item entered on an order is automatically assigned an item category which
is controlling how an item reacts in its interfacing with the other modules
ITF
Interleaved Two of Five (14-char. Code for article numbering)
ITGI
IT Governance Institute
ITIL
IT Infrastructure Library (definition and systematization of the supporting services processes)(see ICMB)
ITO
IT Officer (see also CEO, CFO, CIO, CRO, CTO, CKO, COO, ERO,…)
ITO
IT Organization
ITO
IT Outsourcing / Off-Shoring
IT&PC news www.01-informatique.com
ITPI
IT Process Institute, a non-profit organization to improve IT service management (www.itpi.org/)
ITQI
International Taste & Quality Institute
ITS
Internet Transaction Server (Interface in between the HTTP server and R/3)
ITS
(Federal) Intelligent Transportation Systems (addressed by the U.S. DoT).
ITS
Internet Time Service (see NIST)
IT/S
Information Technology and Systems
ITSM
Information Technology Service Management: responsivity to the business users
ITU
International Telecommunications Union
IUCN
International Union for Conservation of Nature
IVR
Integrated Voice Response (see UC)
IVR
Interactive Voice Response
IVRR
Interactive Voice and Response Recognition
IVTC
Inverse Telecine
IW3C2
International World Wide Web Conference Committee (see WWW)
I-WAY
Information Wide Area Year (see Grid computing )
IWG
Interlingua Working Group (see KIF, KQML).
Integrated Warehousing Solutions (IRMS)
IWS
IXC
IntereXchange Carrier
J
J2EE
J2ME
J2SE
Jabber
JAD
JAO
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition (convenient platform for EAI implementations)
Java 2 Platform Micro Edition (for mobile applications)
Java 2 Standard Edition
Instant Messaging and Presence technology (see JEPs, JUD)
Joint Application Development
Joint Assistance Operations
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JAVASCRIPT
JAXM
JAXP
JAX RPC
JBCE
JBT
JCP
JDBC
JDK
JDO
JEPs
JETRO
JINI (SUN)
JIC
JIC
JID
Jidoka
Jiffy
*.jng
JIS
JIT
JIT-d
JIT-p
JIT-c
JIT-s
JITFTE
JITT
JITTDL
JMAPI
JNDI
Jobhopping
JOLAP
JOOTT
JP
JPA
*.jpg
JRMP
*.js
JSF
JSR
JSTA
JTI
JTL
JTRS
JUD
JUDDI
JUG
junk bonds
junk email
JUSE
JVM (SUN)
JWICS
SUN MICROSYSTEM trademark used for technology invented and implemented by NETSCAPE
Java XML Messaging
Java XML Parsing
Java API for XML-based RPC
JavaBean Calculation Engine
Just-Before-Time (FBC>s concept : anticipation of the expectation / need)(see also JIC, JIT)
Java Community Processes
Java Database Connectivity
Java Development Kit
Java Distributed Objects
Jabber Enhancement Proposals
Japan External Trade Organization
enables interconnection with any equipment (equiped with a processor of about 1 Mo memory)
JIT Instance Context
Just-In-Case (production to inventory) (see JIT, JBT and JTL)
Jabber IDentifier (see ID)
automation & human intelligence combination . Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
specified or unspecified brief interval of time
JPEG Network Graphics (image file format)
Japanese Industrial Standards (see ISO)
Just-In-Time (delivery and related extended management concepts) (see JIC, JBT and … JTL)
JIT design
JIT production
JIT commerce
JIT supply
Just-In-Time-Fetch-The-Expert
Just-In-Time Teaching : Web-supported pedagogical strategy (see WBL)
JITT Digital Library
Java Management API
Java Naming Directory Interface
repeated staff rotations (could be decreased with the support of loyalty programs)
Java Online Analytical Processing
Just One Of Those Things … showing up and disappearing …
Joint Publication
Java Persistence API
JOBS: all around the world ,,, www.ceo-europe.be
jpeg image compression (file) (see mpg)
JAVA Remote Method Protocol
Java script
Java Server Faces
Java Specification Request
Japan's Science and Technology Agency (see Ultra Computer )
Joint Technology Initiative
Just-To-Late (delivery … ironically said) (see JBT, JIC, JIT)
Joint Tactical Radio System
Jabber User Directory (see JEPs)
Java Universal Description, Discovery & Integration (open source specification for the Web)(see UDDI)
Java Users Group
highly risky bonds
unsollicited email to be dumped (see spam , hacking , hoax )
Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (see 7QC)
Java Virtual Machine
Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (U.S. DoD, U.S. Department of State)
K
K
K4D
KA
KAD
KADS
KAE
Kaizen
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
a thousand bits or bytes
Knowledge for Development Program (World Bank Institution)
Knowledge Acquisition (see KM)
Knowledge-Aided Design (see CAD, KAM, KM)
Knowledge Analysis and Design System
Key Account Executive (see AE)
improvement continuity (Japanese concept by Masaaki IMAI)(see WCM)
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Also part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Kaizen costing production cost reduction during the Kaizen implementation (see TPS)
KAM
Key Account Manager (see AE, KAE)
KAM
Knowledge Aided Manufacturing (see KAD)
KAM
Knowledge Assessment Methodology (see KDP, KEI, KI)
Kanban
display card / production & material flow control that enables the reordering of the processes
Also part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Kanban card replenishment signal sent by the consumer to the supplier
KAT
Knowledge Acquisition Team
KB
Knowledge Base or Knowledge-Based (enabled by KM aspects of business)
KB
KnowledgeBoard (www.knowldegeboard.com)(see also KMiB)
KBB
Knowledge-Based Business (see KM)
KBCA
Knowledge-Based Competitive Advantage: contribution to the position defendability (see CI)
KBD
Knowledge-Based Design
KBD
Knowledge-Based Development
kbps
kilobits per second
KBE
Knowledge-Based Economy (see KDP)
KBE
Knowledge-Based Engineering (see KAD, KAM)
KBI
Key Business Indicator(s) (see KPI)
KBP
Knowledge-Based Project
KBS
Knowledge-Based System
KCA
Knowledge Capital Accounting (see HRA)
KCO
Knowledge Centric Organization (see KM, KME, KMF, KMiB, KMIS, KMMM, KMS, KMO, etc)
KD
Knowledge Discovery
KDD
Knowledge Discovery Database (mining operation in the DB : that isn't the "full" Knowledge)
KDE
K Desktop Environment: free SW project aiming at an easy-to-use desktop environment (see Kubuntu)
KDE
Knowledge Desktop Environment (see KE)
KDF
Knowledge Discovery Framework
KDM
Knowledge Discovery Metamodel
KDP
Knowledge for Development Program: challenges/opportunities when moving to the KBE (economy)
KDS
Knowledge Discovery System
KE
Knowledge Ecology
KE
Knowledge Economy
KE
Knowledge Environment (see KME)
KEA
Knowledge Engineer Architecture (Office Integration)
KEI
Knowledge Economy Index (edited by the KAM)
Keiretsus
Conglomerate of Japanese firms sharing one or several common denominators (Chaebol in Korea)
KERMIT
Knowledge Extraction, Representation & Mgmt by means of Intelligent Techniques (www.kermit.ugent.be/
Key figure
Definition of quantifiable variables measuring performances
Key logger
intruder that is logging your access codes for sending them to cyber-crooks.
Key Master Data (CM)
includes the planning type, planning level, planning source, planning group
KI
Knowledge Index (edited by the KAM. See also KDP)
KIF
Knowledge Information Format (international standard proposition)
Kill switch
remote activation that renders the device inoperable and erases the stored data
Khz
KiloHertz
KiloHertz
Thousand cycles
KISS
Keep It Simple and Stupid (no overdesign, keep it simple to understand)
KJ method
Affinity Diagram method: data collection and analysis by mutual affinity.
KLOC
Thousands of Lines Of Code (see LOC)
KLC
Knowledge Life Cycle (see DLC, ILC, PLC, …)
KLCM
Knowledge Life Cycle Management
KM
Knowledge Management (free article available) Fr : [email protected] (see CKO, KBB)
Meet us on KMiB and DayTimeNews (www.daytimenews.com/feeds/4459.html)
KM
Knowledge Marketing (we recommend KMg)
KMA
Knowledge Management Assistant (see CKMs)
KMCB
Knowledge Management Certification Board (see GKEC)
KMC
Knowledge Management Community (see CoPs)
KM- community [email protected] or via www.knowledgeboard.com/open_groups/km_in_belgium/
KME
Knowledge Management Environment (see KE)
KMF
Knowledge Management Functionality
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KMg
Knowledge Marketing
KMiB
KM in Belgium (editor : Daniel C. Renson, see KM-community )
KM in Belgium www.knowledgeboard.com/open_groups/km_in_belgium/
KMIS
Knowledge Management Information System
KML
Knowledge Maturity Level ® (FBC>s concept and methodology)
KMM
Knowledge Maturity Model: audit to be made before a KM initiative
KMMM
KM Maturity Model (registered by Siemens: a very limited proposition only based on CMM & EFQM)
KMO
Knowledge Management Organization
KMS
Knowledge Management System
Knowledge Management Tool(s)
KMT
KMT
Knowledge Management Technologies (see TGC)
kN
kilo Newton (see N, Nm)
contraction of Knowledge in the new encyclopedia of Google
Knol
Knowledge2B e
http://groups.google.com/group/knowledge2be
*.koa
Commodore 64 Koala (image file format)
KPI
Key Performance Indicator (535 referenced KPIs within Global ASAP)(see BI, KBI)
KPS
Knowledge Pool System
KQML
Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (international standard proposition) (see IWG, KIF)
KR
Knowledge Repository (collection of information or knowledge)
KRE
Vendor Account Group. Fr: Groupe de Comptes Fournisseurs
KRN
Kernel
KRP
Knowledge Resource Planning (see KM, KVC, KBCA, etc …)
KRS
Knowledge Retrieval System
KS
Knowledge Sharing
KSA
Knowledge, Skills, Abilities: eligibility factors (see HRM, HCA, ROK, ROP, KM)
KSA
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
KSETP
TM of the Knowledge Systems Engineering Training Program
KSF
Key Success Factors
Kubuntu
Linux Ubuntu operating system derivative meaning "free" in Kirundi. It uses the KDE.
KVC
Knowledge Value Chain (see KM, SCM and c-SCM, VC)
KVM
Keyboard / Video / Mouse
KVMoIP
Keyboard / Video / Mouse over IP for remotely managing servers.
KW
Knowledge Warehouse (see BW/SAP, DW, KM, KME, KMT, ... )
KWH
KiloWatts / Hour
KYC
Know Your Customer
L
L2TP
LACNIC
LAD
Lag
LAN
LANE
lang.
LAO
Laser
LAT
LATA
latency
LAWN
LBA
LBI
*.lbm
LBO
LBS
LBU
LBX
LC
LCD
LCD projector
LCD
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry
Local Access Database
delay after a logical relationship modification in a project schedule (see Lead )
Local Area Networks (see SAN, PAN, VLAN, WAN)
LAN Emulation
language
Lean Administration Officer … a new trend !
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (see anacronym)
Location-Aware Technology (see EOTD)
Local Access and Transport Area
synonym for delay in a NW
Local Area Wireless Network (see LAN, PAN, SAN, VLAN, WLAN, WPAN)
Local Business Ads
Leverage Buy-In (see BIMBO, LBO, LMBI, LMBO)
Amiga IFF (image file format)
Leverage Buy-Out (see BIMBO, LBI, LMBI, LMBO)
Location Based Services (the client is localized on his mobile phone)
Leverage Build-Up (see BIMBO, LBI, LBO, LMBI, LMBO)
Letterboxing
Learning Community (see CoPs)
Liquid Crystal Display
see projector and projector related acronyms
Lowest Common Denominator
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LCIS
Local CIS
LCMS
Learning Content Management System (see LMS)
LCO
Lowest Cost of Ownership (see TCO)
LCPs
Legal Change Patches (releases about legal requirement changes)
Local Continuous Replication (Microsoft Exchange Server 2007)
LCR
LD
Laser Disc (see Laser )
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LDC
Linguistic Data Consortium. It supports the GALE Program (www.ldc.upenn.edu/)
LDCs
Less Developed Countries
LDP
Label Distribution Protocol
LDSE
Learning Design Support Environment (see ILDSE)
LDW
Logistics Data Warehouse (LIS)
LE
Limited Edition (see SE)
Lead
acceleration after a logical relationship modification in a project schedule (see Lag )
LEAP (E&Y) Learning Environment to Accelerate Performance (E&Y program that supplements SAP InfoDB)
Least squares operational methodology (mathematics). Fr. moindres carrés (méthodes des -)
LEC
Local Exchange Carrier
LEC
LAN Emulation Client
LED
Light Emitting Diode (see OLED, PRS-LED): diode generating photons when electrons passes trough it.
Ledger
Accounting book. Fr: livre comptable
LEMONADE Licence to Enhanced Mobile Oriented and Diverse Endpoints (www.lemonadeformobiles.com)
collection of standards extensions for the IMAP and SMTP protocols to provide efficient mobile email
LEMONADE Profile1
access and mobile email services that have been associated with proprietary devices and servers before June 2006
LES
Logistics Execution System (www.sap.com/products/les/)
LESS
Least Cost Estimating and Scheduling (see LRU). Only one time estimate per operation
LES - TMS
Transportation Mgmt System (Shipment scheduling & routing, freight cost mgmt, monitoring)
LES - WMS Warehouse Mgmt System (In/outbound processing, planning, storage, warehouse technology)
file with a *.l exension is a lex source file containing a program knowing how to create an object file
*.lex
LF
Low Frequency (see HF, UHF)
LFRs
Less-Favored Regions
LGPL
Lesser General Public License (see GFDL)
LHA
file format for a compressing utility popular in Japan
LHC
Large Hadron Collider (http://en.rian.ru/img/117913317_free.html)
Licenseware License is paid upon purchase of the shareware. Fr : licenciel ou légaliciel
LIDI
Line Item Display Indicator (see further)
LiF (Fr)
Livraison Finale (code apposé à l'entrée marchandise ou dans le poste du contrat cadre)
LIF
Location Interoperability Forum
LIFFE
London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange
LIFO
Last In / First Out (inventory management) (see FIFO)
LIL
Logistics Information Library (see LIS, MIS)
LIMS
Laboratory Information Management Systems
Line item
part of a document containing information on a single item. Its entry is controlled by a posting
key (2 digits) : debit/credit, account type, layout of entry screens (amount + or -, account
number, information on the transaction)
Line item display
line item can be reported in allowing the drill-down
Line item displ. indicator determines whether the individual line items that are posted can be displayed
through reports. The LIDI allows the user to drill down from an Acct balance
to the individual document.
Linux
a Unix-like operating system (see Tux )
LIRs
Local Internet Registries
LIS
Logistics Information System (see LIL, MIS)
LIS
Library and Information Science
LLDCs
Least Developed Countries
LLI
Lower Layer Interface
LLL
Life Long Learning (see CBT, e-Learning)
LLP
Lead Logistics Provider (see SC, SCEM, SCM, SCPM)
LMAC
Lightweight Medium ACcess (protocol)
LMBI
Leverage Management Buy-In (see BIMBO, LBI, LBO, LMBO)
LMBO
Leverage Management Buy-Out
LMDS
Local Multipoint Distribution System / Service
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LME
London Metal Exchange
LMS
Learning Management System (see CAT, CBT, IBT, ILT, LCMS, ROLE, WBT)
LNG
Liquefied Natural Gas (about resources: energy. See IEA). Fr. GNL / Gas Naturel Liquéfié
Learning Organization: adaptive organization interacting constantly with its environment to learn and evolve
LO
LO
Living Object (see OO and others)
LO
Logistics - General (SAP R/3 Business Application Areas)
LoA
Line of Action
LOA
Letter Of Agreement / Acceptance (see MOU)
LoB
Line of Business
LOB
Large OBject
LOC
Library of Congress Classification (see Taxonomy )
LOC
Lines Of Code (see KLOC)
LO-EHS
LO - Environment Management (SAP)
LOL
Laughing Out Loud (Internet jargon)(see IL)
LO-LIS
LO - Logistic Information System (SAP)
LOM
Learning Object Metadata (see LTSC)
LO-MM
Materials Management
LOMS
Logical Output Management Systems (see OMS, XOM, ROMS)
Longhorn
Windows Vista edition … heavily criticized
Long Tail Internet
related to Life After Television (Gilder): wide bandwidth-based first choice on Internet
LO-PM
Plant Maintenance
LO-PP
Production Planning & Control (see APO)
LO-PP-PI
Process Industries
LO-PS
Project System (see PM, PMI, PM-BOK, ..)
LO-QM
Quality Management (see QA, QC, EFQM, TQM, ..)
LOR
Learning Object Repository
LOS / NLOS Line-of-Sight / Non-Line-of-Sight
LO-SD
Sales and Distribution
LO-SM
Service Management
LOT
Lab of Tomorrow (project integrating HW and SW for teaching modern physics)
Linear Programming (Excel may be used for performing it)
LP
LP
Long Playing (record) (see also CD, DVD, HDCD, MMCD, SD)
Lpi
Lines per inch (printing business)
LPP
Legitimate Peripheral Participation
LPT
Longest Processing Time (see BPR/M, DD, FCFS, LTP, PLC, PLM, PM, PSO / PMO, SPT, …)
LRAC
Long-Run Average Cost
LRE
Law of Rare Events
LRU
Least Recently Used (see LESS)
LS E
London Stock Exchange (see NYSE)
LSMW
Legacy System Migration Workbench (allows data transfer without programming)
LSP
Layered Service Provider
LST
Living System Theory (James Grier Miller): 21 primary subsystems for defining all living systems (see CA)
LSX
Lotus Script Extension
LTCM
Long Term Capital Management (1990)
Ltd
Limited
Long Term Evolution (Nokia, Ericsson, Alcatel-Lucent, NEC, NextWave Wireless, Nokia Siemens Networks, Sony Ericsson )
LTE
LTI
Linear Time Invariant
LTO
Limited Time Offer (see POS)
LTO
Linear Tape Open : cassette storage standard (see DLT & AIT)
LTSC
Learning Technology Standardization Committee (http://ieeeltsc.wordpress.com/)(see LOM)
LTP
Long Term Planning (see BPR/M, DD, FCFS, LPT, PLC, PLM, PM, PSO / PMO, SPT, …)
LTP
LifeTime Profit (see LTV)
LTV
LifeTime Value (see LTP)
LUA
Limited-User Accounts (to increase control and flexibility for user privileges and permissions)
LVD
Low Voltage Directive (EU safety standards)
LVP
Lowest Value Principle
LVA
Low Value Assets (AA)
LWR
Light Water Reactor (see NPPs)
file format for algorithms-based data compression by Lempel and Zev
LZW
M
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M&A
Merge & Acquisition
MAAWG
Messaging Anti-Abuse Working Group (http://www.maawg.org/home)
MAC
Material Acquisition Costs
Mac address Media Access Control address
MAID
Massive Array of IDLE Disks (see RAID) : for storing long-term data
mainframe
high-performance computer for large computing purposes
MAIS
Material Information System (SAP)
MAKE
Most Admired Knowledge Enterprise (see KM)
malvertising malicious advertising links
malWare
MALicious SoftWare (see Adware , Spyware , Zombie attack / NW )(see FBM, Magazine 3)
MAN
Metropolitan Area Network (see LAN, PAN, VLAN, WAN)
management approachable or not ? (article in the 3d issue of the FBC>s Business Magazine)
Management attitude
Manager's Workbench enables line managers to easily perform administrative tasks (accounting -assets,
budgets, HR)
SAP : Client (0001 = delivery, 800 = training). Entity representing a business system that has
Mandant
the purpose of acquiring, producing … goods and services
MAPI
Messaging Application Programming Interface
MARA
Mobile Antivirus Researchers Association
MARC21
Machine-Readable Concise (Format)
MARS
Middleware And Related Services
Monitoring - Analysis - Response System (CISCO Security)
MARS
MAS
Mobile Agent System
Mashup
lightweight tactical integration of multisourced applications or content into a single offering
masquerade masquerading = stealing the Net ID of someone else (see Hacking , Spoofing )
MAT
Media Access Technology (see HPMAT)
Matchcode Tool for finding records
Matchcode ID /A = search using address data
/C = search by class
/D = search using the "search term" field in the MR or search by Company Code
/E = search by country (foreign customers)
/K = search by account group
/S = search by sales organization (SD)
/Z = search by account number of the head office
Matchcode/customer acct is DEBI . It determines which DB tables & fields are required for the matchcode ID
Material Type / DIEN
Services (SAP)
Finished products (german : fertig) (SAP)
Material Type / FERT
Production resources / tools (SAP)
Material Type / FHMI
Semi-finished products (SAP)
Material Type / HALB
Operating supplies (SAP)
Material Type / HIBE
Raw material (SAP)
Material Type / ROH
Packaging (SAP)
Material Type / VERP
MAU
Multi station Access Unit
Mb
see Mega
MBA
Master of Business Administration (see MIS)
MBBS
Bachelor of Medicine & Surgery
MBM
Management By Metrics
MBO
Management By Objectives (see DPO)
mbps
megabits per second (see Mo)
MBR
Master Boot Record
MBS
Mortgage-Backed Securities
Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (www.microsoft.com/technet/security/tools/mbsahome.mspx)
MBSA
MBTI
Meyers Briggs Type Indicator
m-Business mobile business (see momo )
*.mbx
designation of the Outlook (Microsoft Windows) files containing the emails (see .dbx)
MCA
Machine Check Architecture
MCA
Micro Channel Architecture
MCE
Machine Check Exception
MCI
Malicious Call Identification (service) (see ISDN)
MCI
Media Control Interface
MCLP
Multiple Criteria Linear Programming
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MC²LP
MCM
mCommerce
MCP
MCPP
MCPS
MCQ
MCS
MCSA
MCT
MCU
mCustomer
MD (Fr)
MD
MDA
MDA
MDAC
MDBMS
MDCP
MDE
MDF
MDG
*.mdi
MDI
MDM
MDM
*.mdmp
MDMS
MDOP
MDPs
MDSD
MDU
MDW
MDX
Mega
Megaco
megahertz
Meme
MEMS
Multiple Constraint Level Linear Programming
Media Content Management (see CM, ECM, WCM)
Mobile Commerce (see mCustomer , MoMo)
Microsoft Certified Professional
Microsoft Communication Protocol Program
Microsoft Certified Solution Provider
Multiple Choice Questionnaire (see MCT)
Microsoft Consulting Services
Microsoft Certified System Administrator
Multiple Choice Test (see MCQ)
Mobile Collection Unit
Mobile Customer (see mCommerce , MoMo)
Marchandise Dangereuse
Mini Disc
Mail Delivery Agent (push mail)
Model Driven Architecture (see MDSD)
Microsoft Data Access Components (www.microsoft.com/data/MDAC27Info/ReadMe.htm.)
Multi-Dimensional Data Base Mgmt System
Multi-Duplicitous Communication Protocol (see example of APRIL)
Meta-Data Environment (see MME)
Main Distribution Frame
Millennium Development Goals
Microsoft Document Imaging (file)
Multi-Document Interface
Market Data Management (devises, titres, statistiques, … )
Master Data Management
minidump media player (see Minidump )
Mobile Digital Media Server
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack
Markov Decision Processes (see POMDPs)
Model-Driven Software Development (derived from MDA)
Multidwelling Unit
Mobile Data World
Multi-Dimensional eXpression (language for multidimensional data manipulation)
Mega Octet : 1.048.576 Bytes (1KB x1024) (see mbps, Go, To, Po, …)
Media Gateway Control Protocol (application layer)
million hertz (see Mhz)
cultural information unit, transferable from one mind to another (Richard Dawkins, '76) It facilitates the replication
Micro Elecro-Mechanical Systems: combination of computers with tiny mechanical structures on silicon chips
(see Cicada, CILIA)
MENA
Middle East & North Africa (region)
MEP
Mobile Electric Power
Mersenne primes collection of prime numbers (47 prime numbers as of june 2009)(see GIMPS, Grid )
MES
Manufacturing Execution Software
MES
Mobile Embedded Systems
Mesoeconomics "meso-" (= "middle") and "economics": in between microeconomics and macroeconomics
Mesoeconomy intermediate level of the firms activity (to say it simply)
Metadata
data definition / fundamentals, details of the data. Files of libraries catalogs (see LOM, XMP)
Metaverse
meta universe
Microsoft Foundation Classes (library)
MFC
MFOQA
Military Flight Operations Quality Assurance: US Navy best integration and analysis of flight data
MFPs
MultiFunctional Products or Printers
MFT
Master File Table
MG
Manufacturing Grid
MG
Multi-Grid
MGCC
Micro-Grid Central Controller (low-voltage distribution systems: http://microgrids.power.ece.ntua.gr)
MGCP
Media Gateway Control Protocol (application layer)
MGIF
Mobile Gaming Interoperability Forum
Mgmt
Management (common abbreviation)
Mgr
Manager (common abbreviation)
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MGT
Mobile Ground Terminal
Microsoft's Global Exchange: annual sales conference
MGX
M2H
Machine to Human (see H2H, H2M, HMC, M2H, M2M)
MHMC
Multimodal HMC (includes different types of input methods:natural language, gesture, face & handwriting characters)
MHz
MegaHertz
MI
Marketing Intelligence (see BI, CI, EI, RI)
MICE
Meetings, Incentives, Conventions, Exhibitions
microblogging low blogging activity (see Twitter)
microcredit microloans granted to low-income entrepreneurs
microfinance financial services provided to low-income clients
microloans little loans
microTAS
micro Total Analysis System : labs-on-a-chip
*.mid
MIDI Sequence (sound file format)
MID
Mobile Internet Devices (see UMPC)
Middleware "in-between" SW
MIDI
Musical Instrumental Digital Interface
Markets in Financial Instrument Directive: EU demands + information retention & integration to financial institutions
MiFID
Microsoft Indentity Integration Server
MIIS
Miki
mobile Wiki
Milestone
event of special significance (PS). Fr : jalon
MILSIM
Military Simulation (see EDMSIM) (C4ic, www.c4ic.com)
MIME
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (see S/MIME)
MIMO
technology related to the use of multiple antennas at both ends of a wireless link (see ISI)
MIND
Mobile Internet Navigation Device
Mind mapping mind activity representation (www.fbc-e.com/news/magazines/Maga_issue5_2007_Dec.pdf)
Minidump
file containing the most important parts of a crashed application (see *.mdmp). More on :
www.codeproject.com/debug/postmortemdebug_standalone1.asp
MIOD
Message Input-Output Device
MIP
Multilateral Interoperability Programme
MIPA
Mutual Internet Practices Association (http://mipassoc.org/)
MIPS
Million Instructions Per Second
M4IS
Multinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information Sharing (Sweden)(see KM)
MIS
Management Information System (see EWC)
MIS
Marketing Information System (see MRM)
MIS
Master of Information System (Techno-MBA)
MIS-EWC
see MIS and EWC
MIT
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA : www.mit.edu)
MIT
Medical Information Technology
MIT
Module Integration Test
MJD
Modified Julian Date (http://tf.nist.gov/general/misc.htm#Anchor-40346)
mkg
marketing (common abbreviation)
*.mkv
HD H. 264 video file
M2M
Machine To Machine (see H2M, M2H, MTOM)
M2M
Mobile To Mobile (see m-Monday , Miki , MoMo)
MLC
Multi-Level Cell (see SLC)
MLR
Money Laundering Reporting
Materials Management (R/3 Business Application Area) is primarily concerned with the material flow w/i a company.
MM
MMC
Multi-Media Command (set)
MMC
Microsoft Management Console (management tools for NW, services, computers, components …)
MMCD
MultiMedia CD (Philips and Sony) (see also CD, DVD, SD)
MMDS
Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service
MME
Managed Meta Data Environment
MMM
Metrics, Measurements & Management
MMOGs
Massive Multiplayer Online Games (see MMORPG)
MMoM
Monthly Minutes of the Meeting (see PM)
m-Monday
mobile Monday (based on the First Tuesday event principle) (see M2M, MoMo)
Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game (A huge phenomenon. Visit the site of Anshe Chung:
MMORPG
www.anshechung.com or the auction sites such as ige.com, wow4sale.com.buygamegold.com
MMS
Multimedia Messaging Service (see SMS): long texts, sounds (music & voice records), pictures
and photos in between GSM and email adresses
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MMS
Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS - ISO 9506)(see EG-MMS)
MMS-IOP
MMS Interoperability Group
MMT
Maximum amount for Meals/Time
MMU
Mobile Money for the Unbanked (administered by the GSMA Foundation)
MM-WM
Warehouse Management
MNC
Multi-National Company
*.mng
Multiple Network Graphics (image file format)
MNO
Mobile Network Operators
Mo
see Mega
MOA
Mobile Oriented Architecture
MOAB
Month of Apple Bugs (!)
Mobblogging Mobile Blogging (see Blog )
Mobile2.0
something like WEB2.0 but mobile (http://www.awt.be/web/mob/index)(see MoMo)
Mobile Blogging blogging as from the mobile phone (see Blog , Mobblogging )
Mobisphère http://www.mobisphere.be/
Mobile TV
reception of the TV programs on the mobile phone
MOBIO
MObile BIOmetry (http://www.mobioproject.org/accessibility-info)
MOC
Matrix Of Change (MIT, USA : BPR and Change Management methodology / tool)
*.mod
ProTracker/FastTracker modules (sound file format)
MOD
Magneto Optical Disc
MODEM
MOdulator/DEModulator
MOF
Meta-Object Facility: definition language for the UML & CWM model writing language
MOF
Microsoft Operation Framework (see MSF)
MOLAP
Multi-Dimensional OLAP (see DOLAP, HOLAP, ROLAP)
MOM
Message-Oriented Middleware
MOM
Microsoft Operation Management
MoMo
Mobile Monday (along the First Tuesday event principle)(see mCommerce , mCustomer, ... )
MOdel driven MOdernisation of Complex Systems: EC research agreement for solving the dilemma between
MOMOCS
bureaucratic methodologies and agile ones
Monoline
supported credit line
Monte Carlo simulation random numbers-based applied mathematics experiments
MOO
Object Oriented MUD (see mudding )
MOOD
Metrics in OO Developments
Moore's law the power of the processors is doubling every 18 - 24 months !
MOP
Meta-Object Protocol
MOS
Metal Oxide Semi-conductor (see CMOS, XCMOS)
Microsoft Office System (Microsoft Office and Office Server)
MOS
Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (edition 2007)
MOSS2007
MOU
Memorandum Of Understanding (see also LOA, TOR)
Quick Time (file)
*.mov
mp3
Moving Picture Experts Group Layer-3 Audio (audio file format)
mp4
MPEG Layer-4 Audio (see AAC)
MPD
Meals Per Day (Per Diems for Meals)
MPDT
Per Diems for Meals / Time
MPEG
Moving Picture Experts Group
MPEG-4
MPEG with more compression, interactivity, internet access. MPEG-4 is the global multimedia standard,
delivering professional-quality audio and video streams over a wide range of bandwidths, from cell phone to
broadband and beyond (Quick Time)
*.mpg
movie compression (file) (see jpg)
mpg
miles per gallon (3,8 liters)
mph
miles per hour
MPLS
Multiprotocol Label Switching: type of network that could be a base for a VPN or a WAN step-up)
A standards-approved technology for speeding up network traffic flow
MPN
Manufacturer Part Number
MPO
Music Power Output
MPS
Master Production Scheduling
Microsoft Project Exchange File
MPX
MR
Mandatory Relationship. Fr: Relation Obligatoire
MRAM
Magnetic Random Access Memories (see DRAM, RAM)
MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (see fMRI, NMRI)
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MRM
MRM
MRO
MRP
MRS
MRTG
MRU lists
MS
MSA
MSAT
MSCS
MS-DOS
MSDS
MS DTC
MSE
MSE
MSF
*.msi
MSN
MSP
MSP
MSR
MSRP
MSS
MSSG
MSSP
MTBF
mtDNA
MTF
MTO
MTOM
MTRR
MTTR
MTU
MUD
Market Risk Management (TR - MRM)
Marketing Resource Management (see MIS)
Maintenance, Repair and Operation
Material Requirement Planning, Production Planning Control (PP)
Multi Robot Systems (see RR)
Multi Router Trafic Grapher (Internet)
Most Recently Used items
MicroSoft
Mobile Services and Applications (see MSA, MSP, MoMo, Mobile2.0)
Microsoft Security Assessment Tool
Microsoft Cluster Service: clusters represent just one resiliency layer in the data protection strategy (see wolfpack
Microsoft Disk Operating System
Material Safety Data Sheets (see EHS, EH&S, H&S) (SAP form)
Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
Mobile Subscriber Equipment
Multi-Screen Emulator
Microsoft Solution Framework (see MOF)
Microsoft Windows installer (file format)
Multiple Subscriber Number (service) (see ISDN)
Mobile Service Providers (see MSA, MSP, Mobile2.0, MoMo)
Managed Service Provider
Model Specific Registers
Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price
Maximum Segment Size
MPEG Software Simulation Group
Managed Security Service Providers
Mean Time Between Failure (see MTTR)
Mitochondrial DNA. Used in forensics researches.
Message Text Format (see USMTF)
Multi-Modal Transport Operation / Operator
Machine To Machine (see H2M, M2H, M2M)
Memory Type Range Registers
Mean Time To Repair (see MTBF)
Maximum Transmission Unit
Multi-User Dungeon or Multi-User Dimension (see MOO, mudding ): NW-accessible, multi-participant,
user-extensible virtual reality (VR). User's interface is completely textual.
MUDs
Multi-User Domains
Muda
economic waste. Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Mudding
Social Phenomena in Text-Based Virtual Realities (see MOO, MUD)
MULTI
Multi Level Task Integration is bottom up fine-tuning the organizational transformation
Multiprocessing
simultaneous programs executions with access to common memories
Mura
unevenness . Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Muri
overburden. Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Murphy’s Law
"whatever can go wrong will go wrong" (1949) but it has never been founded
MUX
multiplexer (see DEMUX)
MVA
Market Value Added (see EVA)
MVNE
Mobile Virtual Network Enablers (see MVNO)
MVNO
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (see MVNE)
MVR
Mean Value Ranking
Microsoft Virtual Server
MVS
MVS
Multiple Virtual Storage (IBM OS)
MVW
Mobile Virtual Wallet (see NFC)
MW
MegaWatt
MWBP
Mobile Web Best Practices, working group to set best practices (see W3C)
MWIF
Mobile Wireless Internet Forum
N
N
NAAG
NAC
NAC (Cisco)
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Newton (see kN, Nm)
National Association of Attorneys General (USA)
NW Access Control
NW Admission Control: only protected PC have access to the NW (see NAP, UAC, US)
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NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement
NAL
NetWare Application Launcher
NAL
Network Abstraction Layer
Novell Application Launcher
NAL
New Applications License Charge (IBM)
NALC
NAMA
Non-Agricultural Market Access
nanoscale manipulation processing at one billionth of a meter (see Nanotech , np, NAST)
Nanotech
Nanotechnology (see np, NAST)
NAP (Microsoft) NW Access Protection: only protected PC have access to the network
NAREGI
National Research Grid Initiative (see NGI)
NAS
Network Attached Storage (see BAN, DAS, LAN, SAN, WAN)
NAS
Newly Associated States (EU)
NASA
National Aeronautics Space Agency (USA)
NASD3110
National Association of Securities Dealers Books and Records rule
NASDAQ
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation (see NYMEX, NYSE, SEC)
NAST
Nanoparticle Aerosol Science and Technology (see np)
NAT
Network Address Translation
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (see PfP)
Nature compt able (Fr): sert au classement des coûts imputables à un centre de responsabilité (FI utilise des
comptes généraux pour classer les ressources tandis que CO utilise des natures comptables).
Norton AntiVirus Corporate Edition
NAV CE
NBIC
(convergence of) Nanotech - Biotech - Information sciences - Cognitives sciences
NBS
(ERP progresses into) Network Business Systems (see Web2.0, Cloud computing )
NC
Natural Capital (see EDS, HMC)
NC
Net Computer
NCCA
National Commission for Certifying Agencies (www.noca.org/ncca.htm)
NCIS
National CIS
NCP
NetWare Core Protocol
NDA
Non Disclosure Agreement (see also MOU)
NDMP
Network Data Management Protocol
NDP
Neighbor Discovery Protocol
Nearshoring close / proximate Offshoring (being often a Farshoring enterprise / venture)
NEMA
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (USA)
NEO
Near Earth Object (could be an asteroid and the risk of a serious damageable impact)
Net / NET
Network (see NW, WEB)
.net
.net domain (see DNS)
NetBook
compact PC : originally built for surfing with an 8 to 13" screen (see smart phone )
Netentrepreneur
entrepreneur on the NET
NET-speak
typically related to the NET jargon or words. Examples : Intranet, Extranet.
NetWeaver
SAP processes support that collect and transform data within the business intelligence (see BI)
Networking action of creating a NW. 2 main NW: (1) social NW (see SNA) in between persons and groups, (2) digital NW
Near Field Communication: technology to develop proximity transactions between mobiles and contactless readers
NFC
NFS
NW File System. Allows files of another computer to be accessed and enables communication
between programs on different computers.
Nemawashi Japanese consensus-building to ensure intelligent growth
NGG
Next Generation Grids (see Grid Computing )
NGN
Next Generation Network (sometimes is it meaning New Generation … in the Telecom domain)
NGNA
Next Generation Network Architecture
NGO
Non-Governmental Organization (see NPO)
NGOSS
Next Generation Operational Systems and Software (OGSS)
NHIN
National Health Information Network (USA)(see HHS, EHR)
NHPT
Nine-Hole Peg Test (used in clinical assessments)(see PIH)
NI
Neuro Informatic (see AI, ANN, AR, Bionics , NN …)
NIC
Network Interface Card
NIC
Network Information Center (see ARPANET)
NIC3
Numerically Intensive Computing, a 1300 processors super-calculator (Liège, Belgium)
NICs
Newly Industrializing Countries (see Export lingo )
NIDS
NW-based Intrusion Detection System (see HIDS, HIPS)
NIH
Not Invented Here (could lead to a syndrome : "that thing has no value as it's a NIH stuff "!)
nimby
not in my back yard
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NINJA
NIST
NIST-F1
NIT
NITO
NLA
NLM
NLP
NLP
NLS
NLTS
Nm
nme
NMR
NMRI
NMS
NMT
NN
NNTP
NOC
NOCA
node
noise
NOOP
NOPAT
NOPLAT
Notwork
np
NPAEs
NPO
NPOs
NPPs
NPV
NRDB
NRSRO
NSF
NSF
NSI
NSIC
NSO
NSP
NSP
*.nsv
NT
NTCI (Fr)
NTFS
NTSC
NTSC
N.U.D.E
NVoD
NW
NW
NWM(S)
NW3C
Nyetscape
NYP
NYMEX
NYSE
O
OADM
No Income No Job or Assets (borrowers without any …) : related to the story of the "subprimes"
National Institute of Standards & Technology (USA : http://cio.nist.gov/)
NIST Cesium Fountain atomic clock (see UTC, http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/service/time-computer.html)
New Information Technology (see IT, ICDT, NICT)
Network and Information Technology Operations
Network Location Awareness
National Library of Medicine Classification
Natural Language Processing (example : Teragram recently acquired by SAS for better BI)
Neuronal Linguistic Programmation (see PNL)
National Language Support
Natural Language Technology Support
Newton meter (see kN, N)
name (see Search tm )
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging (see MRI)
Network Management System
Nordic Mobile Telephone : analog technology operating within the 450 and 900 MHz bands
Neural Network (see ANN, NI, NLP)
Network News Transfer Protocol (application layer) (see also FTP, TCP/IP)
Network Operation Center
National Organization for Competency Assurance (www.noca.org) (see NCCA)
multi-branching point in a place, within a NW, the Internet (see "cloud ") (BC-BE-IMG)
undesirable interference (data, radio, video transmissions)
No Operation: a command sent by the IMAP IDLE
"No Problem Anytime" (see SLRP)
Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes
not working NW
nanoparticle or nanopowder (see NAST)
Non-Publicly Accountable Entities
Non-Profit Organization (see NGO). Fr.: Association Sans But Lucratif (ASBL)
National Productivity Organizations
Nuclear Power Plants (see LWR)
Net Present Value
Non-Relational Data Base (see RDB, RDBMS): middleware will be required to achieve some interoperability.
Nationally RecognizedStatistical Rating Organizations (USA)
National Science Foundation
Non Stop Forwarding
Network Solution International
National Storage Industry Consortium (USA) objective : 1 To of data storage per square inch by 2008
Name Supporting Organization
Native Signal Processor (Intel)
Network Service Provider
Nullsoft Streaming (file)
New Technology (Microsoft)
Nouvelles Technologies de la Communication et de l'Information
New Technology File System
National Television System Color / National Television Standards Committee (see PAL, SECAM)
"Never Twice the Same Color" (critics about the poor quality of the NTSC system at the start)
Natural Ultimate Digital Experiment (http://www.neoseeker.com/forums/4353/)
Near VoD
NetWork (see Net, NWM, PM, PS)
Northwest or Northwestern
NetWork Management (System)
National White Collar Crime Center (USA) (see IC3).
nickname for a low featured Web browser (see WWW)
Not Yet Published
New York Mercantile Exchange (see NASDAQ)
New-York Stock Exchange (see IPO, SE, SEC)
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Optical Add / Drop Multiplexer (see DWDM, ONE, SDH, SON, SONET, WDWM)
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OAG
OAI
OAM
OASIS
FBC >s OB
Open Applications Group (integration standards specification)
Open Archives Initiative : http://www.openarchives.org/
Operation and Maintenance
Org.for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (see SAML)(www.oasis-open.org)
Decisions for easiert e-Biz communication
Organizational Behavior (see CM, ECM, OC, OCM, OM, pop culture , ... )
FBC >s set of OB principles & rules
BASIC
DESB
ESB
ESLR
IB
IE
SB
Object Type
OC
OCC
OCI
OCL
OCM
OCR
OCS
OCTAVE
Octet
OCW
OD
ODBs
ODBC
ODBO
ODC
ODC
ODF, *.odf
ODI
ODL
ODL
ODM
ODM
ODMA
ODNI
ODP
ODP
ODS
ODST
ODT
ODT
OE
OECD
OEE
OEM
OFA
OFB
OFCCP
OFCS
OFDM
OF/OP (Fr)
OGC
OGF
*.ogg
OGSA
OGSI
Beginner's All-Purpose Individual Systemic Construction
Dynamic ESB
Enhanced Structured Behavior
Expanded Set of Life Rules (see the 4LP)
Idle Behavior
Individual Empowerment
Structured Behavior (FBC>s -Change Management) (FBWPA : [email protected])
Type d'objet
Organizational Culture (see CM, OB, OM, pop culture , …)
Overhead Cost Controlling (SAP)
Organizational Change Inventory
Object Constraint Language
Organizational Change Management (see ECM)
Optical Character Recognition (BC-SRV-ARL)
Office Communication Server (Microsoft)
Operationally Critical Threat, Asset, and Vulnerability Evaluation (Carnegie Mellon, USA, 1999)
8 bit byte
Open CourseWare
Organizational Development : based on planned improvements (see BPR/M, EAI, IEM)
On-line DBs
Open Data Base Connectivity (standard)
OLE DB for OLAP
Open Distributed Computing
Offshore Development Center)
Open Document Format (see OpenXML, PDF, *.pdf)
Open Data Link Interface
Open & Distance Learning
Optical Disc Library
Object Data Manager
Original Design Manufacturers (see OEM)
Open Document Management API
Office of the Director of National Intelligence (USA)(see Intellipedia )
On-Device Portal: pre-installed application for a simplified navigation.
Open Distributed Processing
Operational Data Store
Orbital Drop Shock Troopers (Halo, a reference for the frags maniacs)
Old Data Takeover
Overseas Deployment Training
Operational Entity. Fr : Entité Opérationnelle
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Overall Equipment Effectiveness
Original Equipment Manufacturer(s) (see ODM)
Order Frequency rAte
Open File Backup
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (US) (see EEOC)
Offshore Financial Centers
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (see MIMO)
Ordre de Fabrication / Ordre de Process (conversion ordre planifié en -)
Open Geospatial Consortium (see GIS)
Open Grid Forum (definition of Grid middleware standards)(see Grid computing )
Ogg Vorbis Sound (sound file format)
Open Grid Services Architecture (see GGF)
Open Grid Services Infrastructure (see GGF, WSRF)
OB
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OHA
OHLCV
OI
O/I
Open Handset Alliance (30 enterprises for the Android plateform: mobile applications development)
Opening, High, Low, Closing, Volume (of trading - Stock Exchange)
Organizational Intelligence (Harold L. Wilensky’s vision in 1967) (see CI, Kn, KM, OC, …)
Documents are archived if all line items have been cleared. It's possible to look at the O/I and clear them : assign items
on the debit side to items on the credit side. Clearing date and clearing document number are stored in each line item
OIL
Ontology Inference Language (see OWL)(www.ontoknowledge.org/oil)
OIM
Operational Integrity Management
O/I management
acct managed on a O/I base can be cleared from the acct (clearing functionality)
OIW
Open Information Warehouse
On-Line Analytical Processing. Fr.: traitement analytique en ligne (see DOLAP, HOLAP, MOLAP, ROLAP
OLAP
OLE
Object Linking and Embedding (set of APIs)
OLED
Organic LED
OLPC (F)
One Laptop Per Child (Fundation) : the 100$ LapTop project (www.olpceu.org)
OLSR
Optimized Link State Routing (protocol)
OLT
On-Line Teaching / Training (see LMS, OLTL, ...)
OLTL
On-Line Teaching / Training Lab (see CBT, LMS, OLTP, …)
OLTP
On-Line Transactional Processing
OM
Operation Management
OM
Organizational Management (see OB, OC, ECM, OCM, pop culture , ...)
OMA
Open Mobile Alliance (previously named WAP Forum)
OMC (Fr)
Organisation Mondiale du Commerce (see WTO)
OMG
Object Management Group (www.omg.org) (see ORCA)
OMS
Output Management System (see XOMS, LOMS, ROMS)
OMS
Order Management System
Object Modeling Technique (James Rumbaugh)
OMT
ONE
Open Network Environment
ONE
Optical Networking Element (see DWDM, OADM, SDH, SON, SONET, TDM, WDM)
OneBox
Google Search Appliance extension
ONS
Object Name Service (see DNS)
OO
Object-Oriented (see BO, LO, MOOD, OOA, OOAD, OOD, OODBMS, OOIE, OOM, OOP, OOT)
OOA
Object-Oriented Architecture (see OOAD, OOD, OOP, …)
OOA(&)D
Object-Oriented Analysis & Design (http://sern.ucalgary.ca/courses/cpsc/451/W97/OOD.html)
OOBE
Out Of the Box Experience
OOD
Object-Oriented Design (see OOA, OOAD, ...)
OODBMS
Object-Oriented Database Management System
OOIE
Object-Oriented Information Engineering
OOM
Object-Oriented Modeling
OOP(S)
Object-Oriented Programming (System)
OOSAD
Object-Oriented Systems Analysis and Design
OOT
Object-Oriented Technology
OOXML
Office Open XML
Open Patent Alliance (WiMAX deployment acceleration: Alcatel-Lucent, Cisco, Clearwire, Intel Corporation, Samsung El., Sprint )
OPA
OPAL
Online Programming for All Libraries (Alliance Library System)
OPC
OLE for Process Control
Open-collar workers
on-line at home working collaborators
Open FI
Open FI Interface for communicating w/o any modification in the SAP standards
OpenVMS
Open Virtual Memory System (see VMS)
OpenXML
Microsoft file system (see ODF, PDF)
opérationnel (Fr): processus coordonné et reproductible en vue d'un but précis (EN: operational. See OPM)
OPEX
Operating Expenses (see CAPEX)
OPM
Operational Performance Management
OPML
Outline Processor Markup Language (format for the RSS import / export)
OPPT
Organization-People-Process-Technology: important constituents for a coherent organization
OPS
Open Profiling Standard (was proposed to the Platform P3P)
OPT
Over Time Test (see OTD, OTP, OTS)
OR (Fr)
opérateur logique "soit/soit"
OR
Operational Research
ORA
Office of Regulatory Affairs (USA)
ORB
Object Request Broker
ORCA
OMG Regulatory Compliance Alliance
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ORDB
Object Relational Database Management (see DBM, RDBMS)
ORDBMS
Object Relational Database Management System (see RDBMS)
Order Type / KE
Consignment Order (SAP)
Order Type / OR
Standard Order (SAP)
Order Type / RA
Return Order (SAP)
ORF
Open Reading Frame (sequence that can be translated)
.org
.org domain (see DNS)
ORI
Online Relationship Improvement
Origami
MS code name for UMPC
ORM
Object Relational Model
ORM
Operational Risk Manager (see RM)
OS
Organizational Security (see OSO)
OS
Open Source
OS
Open Standard
OS
Operating System (see Cloud OS , DOS, IOS, WOS)
OSCAR
Open Source Cluster Application Resources (see cluster computing )
OSCE
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSCON
Open Source Convention (July 2007, Portland, Oregon, USA)
OSD
On Screen Display (TV) (see PAP, PAT)
OSDC
Offshore Software Development Center
OSDI
Operating Systems Design and Implementation
(Microsoft) Office Source Engine
OSE
OSE
Open Security Exchange
OSF
Open Software Foundation
OSG
On Screen Graphics
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Act / Administration (1970)
OSI
Open System Interconnection (see AL)
OSINT
Open Source INTelligence (for accessing non-classified information)
Open Source Licensing (non-profit organisation: initiative for the open source licensing)
OSL
OSO
Organizational Security Operations
OSP
On-Site Service Provider (see ASP, ISP)
OSPF
Open Shortest Path First (see OSPF-IGRP)
OSPF-IGRP routed protocol for the shortest pass to destination w/i the core.
OSS
Order Settlement Structure
OSS
Online Service System
OSS
Open Source Software
OSS
Operations Support System
OTA
One Time Account (OTC = one time customer, OTV = One time vendor)
OTC
Over The Counter : CDS and other bonds that are not traded in the SE
OTC
Over The Counter (see POS, TR-TM)
OTC
One Time Customer (see OTV)
OTD
Over Time Double (see OPT, OTP, OTS)
OTF
Output Text Format (BC-SRV-ARL)
OTN
Open Transport Network
OTP
One Time Password
OTP
Over Time Premium (see OPT, OTD, OTS)
OTP (Fr)
Organigramme Technique de Projet (Base opérationnelle de planification dans PS).Quand un ordre est
affecté à un élément d'OTP, il ne peut aussi être affecté à un programme d'investissement ( see WBS)
OTR
One Touch Record
OTS
Over Time Straight (see OPT, OTD, OTP)
OTS
Opportunity to See (it's about repetition, frequency of the seen messages)
OTV
One Time Vendor (see OTC) : severely controlled in USA. Example: AASIS
OU
Organizational Unit
OVA
Overhead Value Analysis
OVO
Operating Virtual Organization (see VO, VR, …)
OVR
Overwrite (word processor mode) (see WP)
OWA
Outlook Web Access
OWA
Open Web Application
OWASP
Open Web Application Security Project: help to org. facing WEB security challenges (www.owasp.org)
OWL
Ontology Web Language (see OIL)
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oxide
recording particle on a dedicated surface (sound or video tape or disk)
P
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
P2P
Peer To Peer
P2V
Physical to Virtual (search for Physical to Virtual conversion utilities for the concept application)
P3P
Privacy Preferences Project (see OPS)
PA
Personnel Administration & Payroll Accounting (R/3 Business Applic. Area)(see the HR series)
PA
Personnel Accounting
PaaS
Platform as a Service (see DaaS, IaaS, SaaS)
Personal Address Book (Microsoft file extension)
*.pab
PABX
Private Automatic Business eXchange
PAC
Plan At Completion
PAC (Fr)
Politique Agricole Commune (CE)
PAE
Physical Address Extension
Page rank
refers to the number and weighting of links from other Websites
PAI
Process After Input (BC-DWB)
PAL
Phase Alternate Line (see NTSC, SECAM)
Palo Alto
Californian "behaviorism school" founded in the 60ties by Gregory Bateson (anthropologist)
PAN
Personal Area Network (see BAN, LAN, WAN, …)
PANDORA
Prototyping A Navigation DB of Road-Network Attributes (Drive1 EC project)
PAO (Fr)
Publication Assistée par Ordinateur (see also CAD, FAO)
PAP
Picture And Picture (TV) (see OSD, PAT)
PAR
Photosynthetically Active Radiation
Paradigm(e) Pattern or role model. Fr: Modèle
Parallel valuation
transfer pricing in Profit Center Accounting
PARC
Palo Alto Research Center (California, USA).
program breaking what it receives into parts to be managed by other programs (complexity reduction)
Parser
Partagiciel (Fr)
shareware
Partner portal = Extranet when it is supporting the clients & suppliers relationships
PASS
Professional Association for SQL Server
PAT
Page Attribute Table
PAT
Picture And Text (TV) (see OSD, PAP)
PA-TIM-EVA PA Time Evaluation Component
PA-TRV
PA Travel Expenses
PaX
Page eXecution
PayD
Pay as you Drive (UK insurance system)
Payment advice
Bank statement posting anticipation. Also used for adjustement entries
PBDMI
Performance-Based Data Management Initiative
PhoneBook (Microsoft extension file).
*.pbk
PBL
Problem-Based Learning
*.pbm
Portable Bitmap (BINARY) (image file format)
PBO
Process Before Output (BC-DWB)
PBS
Phone Banking System
PBS
Product Breakdown Structure: pieces list for the assembly (see WBS)
PBX
Private Branch Exchange
PC
Personal Computer (see Virtual PC )
PC virtualisat ion
making a single physical computer running simultaneously several virtual PCs
PCA
Profit Center Accounting
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
PCC OTC
Paper Check Conversion Over the Counter
Kodak PhotoCD (image file format)
*.pcd
Pce
Piece (ISO)
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCI
Payment Card Industry (http://securitymetrics.com/)
PCI / DSS
PCI Data Security Standards : 12 mandatory security rules
PC&IT news www.01-informatique.com
PCL (Fr)
Plan Comptable Local (voir PCO)
PCM
Process Change Management (see CCM, TCM, GCM)
PCM
Pulse Code Modulation
P-CMM
People-CMM: 5-level improvement path of the knowledge, skills, and motivation of the workforce (see SEI).
PCMN (Fr)
Plan Comptable Minimum Normalisé
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PCN
PCN
PCO (Fr)
PCP
PCS
PCS
PCT
Plant Control Network
Plastic Card Network (now CAS)
Plan Comptable Organisationnel (voir PCL)
Personal Cost Planning
Process Control Systems
Personal Communications Services
Production Cycle Time (see PLC)
systems and then transfer the data via a PDC data transfer to the R/3 system)
PC talks
see IL / Internet Lingo
PCTS
POSIX Conformance Test Suite
PCU
Personal Computer Unit (see GPU)
Zsoft Paintbrush PCX bitmap (image file format)
*.pcx
PD
Personnel Planning and Development (R/3 Business Application Area)
PD
Police Department (example : LAPD = Los Angeles Police Department)(see FD)
P.D.
Per Diem
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant: coined by previous Apple CEO John Sculley in '92 (see PDO)
PDC
Plant Data Collection (cross-application function to cfm NW in external
systems and then transfer the data via a PDC data transfer to the R/3 system)
PDC
Professional Developers Conference
PDC
Program Delivery Control
PDC
Personal Digital Cellular (Japanese standard)(see PDA, PDO)
PDCA
Plan, Do, Check, Action method
PDD
Professional Disk for Data
PEN
Project in Emerging Nanotechnologies (see np)
PET
PolyEthylene Terephthalate (example : plastic bottle) (see HDPE)
Portable Document Format (Acrobat Reader / Writer from ADOBE)
PDF (*.pdf)
PDF
Pair Distribution Function
PDF
Pooled Development Fund
PDF
Printer Description File
PDG (Fr)
Président-Directeur Général (France)
PDHs
Professional Development Hours (1 CEU = 10 PDHs)
PDI
Personal Data Interchange (technologies) (see vCard, hCard, Versit)
PDIK
Powered Digital Ink : the FBC>s Business Magazine Dynamic Style (www.fbc-e.com)
Portal Development Kit (Oracle)
PDK
PDL
Page Description Language (printing business)
PDM
Product Data Management : manages product-related data across the products life cycle
PDN
Packet Data Network
PDO
Personal Digital Organizer (see PDA)
PDP
Personal Development Program
PDPC
Process Decision Program Chart (Mizumo, 1988)
PDR
Power Distribution Rack: rack mounted power distribution set (see RPP)
PDSNR
Plant Data Sequence Number (see PDC)
PDU
Protocol Data Unit (messaging)
PD-WP
PD-Workforce Planning
PE
Private Equity (capital investment)
peaks
highest level of a signal strength
Peering point exchanging traffic node (voluntary interconnection) (see BGP)
Pegging
evaluation displaying the source requirements or the source order proposal of a particular MRP element
Personalized News Content Programming: system for aiding article writers in their information searches
PENG
Penny stock shares of low value (less than 5 dollars)
Périmètre financier (Fr)
Y sont effectués la planification, la gestion et le contrôle de moyens financiers
ou de budgets financiers (SAP)
Personal Branding self-branding , self-promotion (supposed to be initiated and managed on the Internet)
Program Evaluation Review Technique: 3 time estimates per operation (US NAVY: Polaris rocket, 1958)
PERT
(see GERT, PCM)
pervasive computing
same as ubiquitous computing
PESO
Public Electronic Services On-the-Internet. Texan WG: personal privacy & information, usage limitation
Peta / Po
1024 x Tera / To (see Bit, Mega, Giga, Exa, Zeta, Yotta)
Petaflops
Peta floating points of operations per second
Preftech files (resource list in Win XP for fast application load. It depends on the Task Scheduler service)
*.pf
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PF
PF
PFIF
PFLOPS
PfP
PFS
PFUOL
Pink Floyd (… good joke …)(see AEM)
Pro Forma
Protocol Freedom Information Foundation (Software Freedom Law Center organization)
PetaFLOPS (see FLOPS, Pb, Peta)
Partnership for Peace (see NATO)
Process Flow Scheduler
Process as a Federating Universal Organizational Language
(FBC>s concept & methodology)
FBWPA (EN) : www.fbc-e.com
PGC (Fr)
Pédagogie Générale du Changement, Montaigu-le-Blin / France (see WTG)
PGE
Page Global Enable
PGI (Fr)
Programme de Gestion Intégré (see ERP)
PgmID
Program Identification
Precision Graphics Mark-up Language (standard for e-Books developped by ADOBE, Netscape, SUN, IBM)
PGML
PGP
Pretty Good Privacy (MS)
PGR
Push Button Graphics (SAP)
used by criminals illegal email scheme (fictitious emails creation that seems to come from well known companies
Phishing
or governmental agencies trying to get confidential/sensitive information from the addressees to gain accounts access)
PHP
Personal Home Page
Personal Handyphone System (NTT DoCoMo Network)
PHS
PHP
PHP Hypertext Preprocessor also known as Personal Home Page: scripting language and more
PI
Process Instruction (SAP sheet)
PI
Personalization Index (see PQ)(metrics)
PI
Physical Intrusion
PI
Portable Interceptor (CORBA)
PI
Presence Information (example: buddy lists)
PI
Practical Intelligence (see CI, EI, IQ, PIQ)
PI
Public Intelligence (see CI)
PIA
Peripheral Interface Adapter
PIC (Fr)
Planification Industrielle et Commerciale
Program Information File (Windows)
PIF *.pif
Piggy-back Kangouroe export based on a international cooperation in between companies having a common interest.
PIH
Peg-In-Hole (assessment) : a 3D task presented in a virtual space (see NHPT)
PII
Public Interest Immunity
PIM
Personal Information Management
PIM
Platform Independent Model
PIM(S)
Product Information Management (System)
PIMS
Profit Impact of Market Strategy (Economy, Finance, Marketing)
PIN
Personal Identification Number (PIN code)(see PWD)
PI-PCS
Process Control Systems
PIQ
Practical Intelligence Quotient (see CI, IQ, PI)
PIS
Purchasing Information System
Pain In The Ass (Robert Orndorff & Dulin Clark: The Pita Principle, JIST Publishing)
pita
PK
Posting Key (SAP). Fr: Clé de comptabilisation
Public Key Cryptography (separate pairs of keys for authentication -public key- and encryption -private key-)
PKC
PKI
Piblic Key Infrastructure
PKI
Public Key Interface or X.509 (for user identification) (see PKC, XKMS)
P+L or P&L Profit and Loss (balance)
PL/1
Programming Language (number) 1
P/L Acct Type /type de compte de résultat : établir pour le compte de résultat sur quel compte de report du
bénéfice le résultat de clôture d'exercice doit être transféré
Planning area (CO)
Specific budgeting option for a given period or periods (CCA)
Planning type
probability of cash receipt or disbursement
Plant
produces and/or stores materials. Is assigned to a CyCd.
Plant abroad module supporting the sales tax processing within the European Union
Plc
Public Limited Company
PLC
Product Life Cycle (see CLC, ELC, ILM, PLM, SLC)
PLC
Program Logic Control
Pl.Cp (Fr)
Plan Comptable
PLF
Pay for Listing
PLI
Programming Language Interface (see BPML, UML, …)
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PLM
Plug n' Play
Plug n' Play
PM
PM
PM
PM-BOK
PMD
PMI
PMIS
PMIS
PML
PMO
PMO
PMR
PM/SM
PNAS
PNG *.png
PNL (Fr)
P2P
P2P
PnP
PNS (Fr)
POC
POD
POD
POD
Podcasting
POI
POI
POIS
Poison pill
POJOs
Poka-Yoke
P/OM
POMDPs
PON
Pooling
PoP
POP
Pop culture
POPS
Porg
Portal
PoS
POSIX
Posting key
(clé de
comptabilisation)
Product Lifecycle Management (see PLC)
a newly connected to the PC device automatically identified by the OS for an immediate use
could be said about a rapidly efficient new comer (see our dynamic Step-in Manager concept)
Personal Marketing (see RM)
Plant Maintenance (R/3 Business Application Area), Product Management, Project Management
Project Management (see PM, PMI, PMO, PS, PSO)
Project Management Institute Body of Knowledge (see PMI, PSO)
Personal Media Drive (PC add-on HD of +500 Go from HP)
Project Management Institute (see PMO, PSO)
Plant Maintenance Information System
Project Management Information System (see PM, PMI, PMO, PMBOK, PS)
Physical Markup Language
Project Management Office (see PMBOK, PMI, PMIS, PSO)
Project Management Officer
Private Mobile Radio (GSM Technology)
Plant Maintenance/Service Management
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (http://www.pnas.org/)
Portable Network Graphics
Programmation Neuro-Linguistique
Point-to-point
Peer-To-Peer
Plug and Play (see P&P)
Postes non soldés
Percentage Of Completion
Printing On Demand (digital publishing)
Pay On Delivery
Proof Of Delivery
"iPod" (Apple mp3) and "broadcasting"
Point Of Interest (cartography, GPS)
Process Oriented Implementation
Production Order Information System
corruption of the balance sheet to make the company less attractive (repell the raiders)
Plain Old Java™ Objects
avoiding inadvertent errors . Part of the Toyota Production System (see TPS).
Production & Operations Management
Partially Observable MDPs
Passive Optical Network
Integration of the company subsidiaries resources (e.g. for reciprocal assistance)
Point of Presence (see PoS)
Predictive Object Point
popular culture (see CM, OC)
PetaOpérations Per Seconde (Bull and its partners)
Purchasing Organization
"One stop shopping" place offering all services and tools (see Vortal )
Point of Sale (see PoP)
Portable Operating System Interface (see PCTS)
2-digit code controlling the document line item entry. It's entered for an account type which
is valid for the document type / Clés de comptabilisation (indépendantes du plan comptable) :
Sub-ledger 01 outgoing invoice / debit
CGS
09 client / debit
11 customer credit note / credit
19 client / credit
31 incoming invoice / credit
29 vendor / debit
G/L
40 G/L account debit posting
39 vendor / credit
50 G/L account credit posting
Assets
70 Debit Asset
75 Credit Asset
G/L
80 Inventory taking debit
90 Inventory taking credit
Posting perio d
max 16 (12 + 4 special)
POTS
Plain Old Telephone Service
PowerPoint sophisticated flexible slides maker, an application being part of Microsoft Office (see *.ppt)
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PP
Production Planning (R/3 Business Application Area)
P&P
Plug and Play (see PnP)
PowerPoint Add-in (Microsoft filename extension)
*.ppa
PPB
Project Planning Board (see SPB, WBS, WBSB)
PP-BD
Basic Data for Production (see PP)
PPBS
Planning Programming Budgeting System
PPC
Pay Per Click (advertising practice on the NET)
PPC
Production Planning & Control
PP-CBP
Constraint-Based Planner
PP-CRP
Capacity Requirements Planning
PP-DS
Production Planning / Detailed Scheduling
PPE
Prepaid Postal Expense
PP&E
Property, Plant & Equipment
*.ppm
Portable Pixelmap (BINARY) (image file format)
ppm
parts per million. Fr: parties par million
PPM
Project and Portfolio Management
PPM
Production Process Model (BOM+Routing)
PP-MP
Master Planning
PP-MRP
Material Requirements Planning
PPP
Point to Point Protocol (see PPTP)
PPP
Public-Private Partnership
page plus publishing (Serif program file)
*.ppp
PP-PC
Product Costing (see PP)
PP-PDC
Plant Data Collection
PP-PI
Production Planning for the Process Industries
PPS
Production Planning & Scheduling
PP-SFC
Production Orders (formerly Shop Floor Control)
PP-SOP
Sales and Operations Planning
*.pps
Microsoft PowerPoint slide show format (file) (see *.ppt)
PPSW
Personal Productivity SW
*.ppt
Microsoft PowerPoint template format (file) (see *.pps)
PPTP
Point to Point Tunneling Protocol (see PPP)
PPV
Posting Period Variant. It contains the open periods and has to be manually maintained.
PQ
Personalization Quotient (see PI)(metrics)
PR
Public Relations (public communication department)(see IPR)
PR
Plural Relationship. Fr: Relation Plurale
PRA
(30B+D interface) Primary Rate Access (see BA, ISDN)
Prd ("prod" ) Production
PRINCE
Projects IN Controlled Environment (project management methodology)(see PM)
Printer TCO useful to estimate the hard copy costs (HP FirstView TCO Tool) (see Web-Based TCO )
PRM
Partner Relationship Management (see CRM, ERM, PRM)
PRM
Process Risk Management
PRN
Premium Rate Numbers (phone numbers charging for the offered services)
PRO
Pricing & Revenue Optimization
Problem-Based Learning educational method challenging students to "learn to learn" collaboratively for solving problems
Process
sequenced tasks or set of recurring tasks
procedure/group of procedures for which automatic posting can be generated (recurrence)
Projector
LCD and DLP projectors
ANSI
American National Standard Institute for measuring the lumens
DLP
Digital Light Processing
DMD
Digital Micro Mirror Device
LCOS
Liquid Crystal On Silicon
VGA
640x480 resolution
SVGA
800x600 resolution
XGA
1024x768 resolution
SXGA
1280x1024 resolution
UHE lamp Ultra High Efficiency
UHP lamp Ultra High Performance
Prosumption production & consumption
PRS
Pattern Recognition System
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PRS
Personal Response System
PRS-LED
Photon Recycling Semi-conductor LED: delivers pseudo-white without phosphor (Fred Schubert, Boston Univ)
PRT
Production Resources and Tools
PrtScn
Print Screen (Command character )
PS
Project System (R/3 Business Application Area), Overview PS : CA080 course
P&S
Publish & Subscribe (the principle has been applied to DW for more information dissemination)
PSA
Professional Services Automation
PSAUMM
Pratical, Service-oriented Architecture, Unified Maturity Model (UMM)
PSC
Public Service Commission (USA)
PSCOE
(SAP) Public Sector Center Of Expertise
Adobe Photoshop (image file format)
*.psd
PSE
Page Size Extension
PSE36
36-bit PSE
psf
pound per square foot
psi
pound per square inch
psia
pound per square inch absolute
PSM
Platform Specific Model
PSO
Project Support Office (PMI initiative, PMI BOK, PMO)
PS-PIS
(SAP) Project Information System
PSR
Potential Support Ratio
PST or P.s.t. Pacific Standard Time (see CST)
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network (see VoIP: carried on the Internet voice, data, image, video)
PTSD
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTT
Push To Talk : special button added to a Mobile phone for an immediate "get in touch"
PUA
Potentially Unwanted Application (See PUP). Examples : Caishow, Adware.Dm.F
Public Domain
Free program and copyrights. Fr : Domaine public incluant droits de reproduction
PUC
Public Utility Commission (USA)
PUF
Physical Unclonable Function
PUI
Perceptual User Interface
PUI
Posted Under Influence (related to SN)
PUP
Potentially Unwanted Programs (See PUA)
PUPS
Possibly Unpopular Software Detection
Purchasing organization is attached to a CyCd (legal) and may supply many plants
PURCHIS
Purchasing Information System
P2V
Physical-to-Virtual
PVA
Private VoIP Applications
PVC
Permanent Virtual Circuit
PVS
Product Variant Structure
PVSS
Prozeßvisualisierungs- und Steuerungssystem
PWAF
Plant With A Future
PWD
PassWorD
Pocket Word document (Microsoft filename extension)
*.pwd
PowerPoint Wizard (Microsoft filename extension)
*.pwz
Python
multi-paradigm interpreted programming language
PZEV
Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle : new smoke emissions rules
PZMI
Pseudo Zernike Moment Invariant
Q
Q&A
QA
QA
QAs
Q-API
QBE
QC
QDI
QFD
QFH
QI
QIO
QM
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Question & Answer
Quality Analysis (see QC, QI, QM, TQM)
Quality Assurance
Quality Attributes
Queue Application Program Interface
Query By Example (Data Base Management)
Quality Control (see QA, QI, QM, TQM)
Quality Data Interchange
Quality Function Deployment (Mitsubishi and Kaizen: toward TQC)(see EFQM, QA, QC, QM, …)
Query From Hell
Quality Inspection (see QA, QC, QM, TQM)
Quality Insurance Officer (see also the series of CxO or Chief something Officer)
Quality Management : harmonizes processes throughout the enterprise, creates an environment
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QMC
QM-IDI
QMVI
QoS
QoQ
QR
QR Code
QRQC
*.qry
QT
*.qtm
qty
Quad-core chip
QVT
QWANGOs
QWERTY
that leads to high-quality products development (see TQM)
Quasi-Monte Carlo
Laboratory Information Management Systems
Quantum Mechanics Visualization Instrument
Quality of Service (see CoS)
Quarter On Quarter
Quick Response (see QR Code)
Quick Response-code: 2D barcode with up to 2953 octets of information.Could be printed on a business card
Quick Response Quality Concern (see QC, QM, TQM, …)
Query (Microsoft file extension).
Quick Time (player) ( www.apple.com/quicktime )
QuickTime Movie (file extension)
quantity
allows 4 CPUs sharing memory cache & bus connections to the system for more performances
Query/Views and Tranformations
Quasi Autonomous Non Governmental Organizations
first letters of the US keyboard first line
R
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
®
Registered (see ©, ™)
R/2
1997: 1300 customers worldwide. News, migration, training at http://www.sap.com/products/r2
R/2 on the Internet ?
By means of the WebRFC technology, component 048
R/3
Real Time / 3 (see RT)
R/3 system Consists of a central instance offering the services DVEBMGS (dialog, update, enqueue,
background processing, message, gateway, spool)
RA
Risk Analysis (see RM)
RA
Risk Assessment (see RQ)
RAA
Referenced Application Architecture (see UAA)
RAD
Rapid Application Development
RAD
Role Activity Diagram (see RBAC)
Radio button Graphical control element to select an item from a list of fields
RAID
Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (see MAID)
RAID-0 2 linked Hard Disks running together (1 defect means the loss of the whole)
RAID-1 2 synchronized Hard Disks with the same data (Problem ? The valid will update the new one)
RAID-10 a set of 4 disks. It combines the RAID-0 and -1
RAID-5 minimum 3 disks. Each disk uses 1/3 of its surface for the back-up of the 2 others.
RAM
Random Access Memory (see ROM)
www.kingston.com offers a practical «memory search» function
Random Access Method of Accounting and Control, 24-inch platter from IBM (1956)
RAMAC
http://news.com.com/2300-1015_3-6110361-1.html?tag=ne.gall.pg
Ransomware the infected machine owner has to pay for freeing his computer
RAPEX
EU rapid alert for dangerous non-food consumer products (http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/rapex/)
Rapid prototyping defining business processes within a small team of experts
RAR (*.rar)
compression system for archiving files (shareware, Eugene Roshal) (see ZIP, CAB)
RAROC
Risk Adjustment Return On Capital: methodologies for pricing purpose
RARP
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RAS
Random Access Storage
RAS
Registration, Admission and Status (see DAS)
*.ras
Sun Rasterfile (image file format)
RAT
Remote Administration Tool
Rating
evaluation (notation) of a State, an enterprise, a share.
RATS
Remote Access Trojan
RBAC
Role-Based Access Control (see RAD): identification of the application operations needing an authorization
RBB
Really Big Botnet
RBB
Results Based Budgeting
RBB
Reverse Body Bias (electronics)
RBB
Residential Broadband (electronics)
RBE
Reverse BE (see BPR, BPM)
RBF
Radial Basis Function
RBL
Real-time Blackhole Lists (for blocking the spammers)(see spam )
RBLS
Realtime (spam ) Black Lists
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Regional Bell Operating Companies : AT&T splitted up into 7 "Baby Bells" (1984)
RBOC
RBT
(SAP) Role Based Training
RBVO
Request-Based Virtual Organization
RC4
stream cipher (128 bits algorithm) made by Rivest for RSA Data Security
RCA (plug)
audio phono (plug)
RCIS
Regional CIS
RCO
Request for Change Order (see RFP, RFQ, …)
RCS
Remote Computing Service
R&D
Research & Development
RDA
Rich Desktop Application (see RIA, RMA)
RDBMS
Relational DBMS (see IRDB, ORDBMS)
RDD
Resulting Data Distribution
RDF
Resource Description Framework (based on XML and developed by W3C)(see FOAF, OPS, P3P, RSS)
RDFS
Resource Description Framework Schema (www.semantic-conference.com/session/698/)
RDM
Resource Deployment Modeler (used for relocation feasability studies)
RDRAM
Rambus Dynamic RAM
RDS (Fr)
Report De Solde
RDS
Radio Data System
RDT
Radio Data Terminal
REALWSN
Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks (see WSN)
Reconciliation account
customers -> receivable 4000, vendors -> payable 4400 (voir collectif)
Reconciliation ledger
stores all infos from sender & receiver based on the affected documents for value
flows. Can be used for evaluating the amounts crossing CyCd and Bus. Areas
Recurring entry
Periodically posted entry / pièces périodiques
Recursive acronym
same as recursive abbreviation (see backronym )
RED
Random Early Detection: implemented to deliver packet level admission control (data traffic)
RED
Runtime Error Detection
REE
Rare Earth Elements (see LRE)
Companies registering domain names (.aero, .biz, .com, .coop, ,eu, .info, .museum, .name, .net, .org, .pro, etc )
Registrar
RKB
Risk Knowledge Base
Relationship FS : Finish-Start. Between the finish of one activity and the start of its successor
(in beween tasks) SS : Start-Start. Between the start of one activity and the start of its successor
FF : Finish-Finish. Between the finish of one activity and the finish of its successor
SF : Start-Finish. Between the start of one activity and the finish of its successor
REPROM
REProgrammable ROM (see EPROM)
REO
REOrganization (of DATA) (SAP)
Repo
Repurchase agreement
Reporting Tree : IMG -> Basis Component. The report tree contains all applications and can be customized
Requirement tracking number
monitoring of the procurement of required materials. It allows the
(numéro de besoin)(Fr)
grouping of purchasing docs that exist for a certain material
requirement
RES
Renewable Energy Sources
Reservation Request to the warehouse to keep material ready. Manually (directly entered) or automatically
(reservation for orders, networks, WBS element, stock transfers/automatic reorder point)
Resiliency
buoyancy, vivacity
REST
REpresentational State Transfer, WEB original architecture
retronym
acronym composed after a new occurrence (see backronym )
Revise Ch.of Accounts
* Revise the number of G/L accounts
* Adapt for utilizing it with various CyCd
* Extend the length of the accounts numbers
* Moving from cost accounting being carried out in FI to cost accounting as a
separate component
RF
Radio Frequency (see RFID, SAR)
RFC
Remote Function Call (SAP interface protocol that simplifies the programming of communication)
RFCA
Request For Corrective Action
RFI
Radio Frequency Interference
RFICs
Radio Frequency ICs
Radio Frequency IDentity (electronic "sticker" as a extended step-up for the bar-code)(see AIDC, DSRC, EPC)
RFID
RFID chipping action of installing / inserting a RFID Chip
RFMs
RFC-enabled Function Modules
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RFT
RFP
RFPs
RFQ
RGB
RGP
RI
RIA
RIAA
RIB (clé) (Fr)
RID
RID
RID
RILO
RIM
RIP
RIP
RIPE NCC
Ripper
RIR
RIS
Right First Time
Request For Price
Request For Proposals
Request For Quotes / Quotations
Red Green Blue (Standard Color Model)
Redemption Grace Period
Relationship Intelligence (see BI, CI, EI, CRM, KM)
Rich Internet Applications (Macromedia)(see RMA, SaaS)
Recording Industry Association of America
contrôle l'exactitude des codes en France (banque, guichet et n° de compte).
Recorder Identification Code (see XCP)
Regressive Imagery Dictionary: coding scheme analyzing texts to measure “primordial” and conceptual content.
Relative ID (see SPID)
Review In Lieu Of
Rapid Implementation Management
Routing Information Protocol (application layer)
Raster Image Process (analysis and conversion of the page content)
Réseaux IP Européens
program picking a sound from a source (CD, Radio, …) onto the PC hard drive
Regional Internet Registry (example AfriNIC)
Retail Information System (enables goods movements to be planned, monitored and tracked
throughout the supply chain). Business applications : FI, CO, TR, PP, PS, HR, QM.
RISC
Reduced Instruction Set Computer (see CISC)
Reference Information Storage System (HP)
RISS
RJ
Registered Jack (e.g. RJ 11: jack for phone devices. RJ 15: jack for the NW line).
RJE
Remote Job Entry
RL
Real Life (see VL, VR)
RLL
Relay Ladder Logic
RLO
Reusable Learning Object (see LOM, LOR)
RM
Relational Marketing
RM
Risk Management (see RA, RMA, RMD)
RM
Record Management
RMA
Rich Mobile Application (see RDA, RIA)
RMA
Risk Management Assistant (see RM)
RMBS
Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities (see Alt-A)
RMD
Risk Management Discipline(s) (see RM, RMA)
RME
Relationship Modeling Engine
*.rmi
MIDI Sequence (sound file format)
RMI
Remote Method Invocation
RMICC
Records Management Interagency Coordinating Council.www.tsl.state.tx.us/SLRM/RMICC.html
RMOA
Realtime Multimedia Over ATM
Reference Model for the Orchestra Architecture (Risk Mgmt applications interoperability)(see DEWS, SANY)
RM-OA
RMON
Remote MONitoring
RMP
Return Material Processing
RMS
Rights Management Services (Windows) (see DRM, IRM)
RMS
Root Mean Square
RMS
Retail Management System (see GRDI)
RNIS (Fr)
Réseau Numérique à Intégration de Services (EN.: ISDN)
ROA
Resource Oriented Architecture (see SOA, WOA)
ROA
Return On Assets (see ROCE, ROE, ROI, RONA, ROOA)
ROC
Rate-Of-Change
ROCE
Return On Capital Employed (finance)(see ROA & ROOA, ROCE, ROE, ROI)
ROE
Return On Equity (finance)(see ROA & ROOA, ROCE, ROE, ROI)
ROE
Return On Experience (see VAE)
Rogue code Programming code that makes a virus
Rogue ISP
Provider originating knowingly unsollicitated mail (spam )
Rogue WEB Challenging site that shows up to replace the legitimate one
ROH
Raw Material (MM/Material Type). Fr: Matériel brut
Restriction of use of certain Hazardous Substances (in electrical & electronic equipments)(EC 01-07-2006)
RoHS
ROI
Return On Investment (finance)(see ROA & ROOA, ROCE, ROE, RROI)
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ROIC
Returns On Invested Capital
ROK
Return On Knowledge (see KM, ROKI, ROP)
ROKI
Return On Knowledge Investment (see KM, ROK, ROP)
ROKSO
Register of Known Spam Operations (http://www.spamhaus.org/rokso/)
ROLAP
Relational OLAP (see DOLAP, HOLAP, MOLAP)
ROLE
Research On Learning in Education (see LMS)
ROM
Read Only Memory (see CD-ROM, RAM)
ROMS
Real Output Management System (see OMS, LOMS, XOM)
RON
Run Of Network : online advertising schedule (see ROS)
RONA
Return On Net Assets (see ROA, ROOA, ROCE, ROE, ROI)
ROOA
Return On Operating Assets (see ROA, RONA)
Root
primal directory on the hard disk
Rootkit detec tion Microsoft Rootkit Revealer, F-secure Corp's Blacklight, McAfee Inc's Rootkit Detective, Sophos' Anti-Rootkit …
ROP
Raster OPeration
ROP
ReOrder Point : when a new order may be placed (see EOQ)
ROP
Return On People (Bob Nelson)(see HR, IC, ICA, ROK, ROKI)
ROR
Rate Of Return
ROS
Return On Sales (see ROA & ROOA, ROCE, ROE, ROI)
ROS
same as RON but only one selected site to advertise
ROSCA
Rotating Savings and Credit Assn: individuals agreeing to save and borrow together for a specified time period
ROSI
Return On Security Investment (see ROI)
Router
Data Packets Routing device (net)
ROV
Remote Operated Vehicle … "rover"
ROV
Return On Value (see SCM, VCM)
Roving bug criminal investigation based on a mobile phone's microphone remote activation to catch nearby conversations
ROW
Rest Of the World (see EMEA)
RP
(SAP) Requirement Planning
RPC
Remote Procedure Call
RPC
Rough-cut Capacity Planning (see MRP)
RPG
Report Program Generator
RPM
Revolution Per Minute
RPN
Reverse Polish Notation (calculation)
RPN
Risk Priority Number (see SOD)
RPO
Recovery Point Objective (see DR, RTO)
RPP
Remote Power Panel (see PDR)
RPV (Fr)
Réseau Privé Virtuel (see VPN)
RQ
Risk Quotient (see RA, RM)
RQBE
Relational QBE
RR
Risk Register
RR
"Robot Resources" (our near future according The Corporation of the Best Jokers / Dan C. Renson)
R&R
Request & Reply
RRAS
Routing & Remote Access Service
RROI
Rapid ROI
RRP
Recommended Retail Price (marketing)
RRR
Ready to Run R/3 (already documented core process for a preinstalled technical infrastructure)
(complement to the ASAP method)
RRR
Required Rate of Return
RS232
international norm for defining the serial connectors
RSA
Rivert Shamir and Adleman (encryption form) (see DES)
RSI
Repetitive Strain Injury: could impede the use of the mouse (see FUI)
RSI
Requirement Stability Index (used within a project conduct)
RSI
Relative Strength Index (gives sensitive change indication in price movement)
RSL
Resilient Server Link (dynamic access)
RSM
Removable Storage Media (see also CD, DVD, HDCD, MMCD, SD)
RSM
Reactive Synchronous Model
RSPAN
Remote Switched Port Analyzer (see SPAN)
RSS
Real Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary (RSS2 on http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss)
RSS
RDF Site Summary, a content distribution tool developed by Netscape, used by Bloggers
RSVP
Resource Reservation Setup Protocol (IETF).
RSVP2
Resource Reservation Protocol (transport layer)
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RT
RTC
RTC
RTDinfo
RTE
RTESS
*.rtf (RTF)
RTFM
RTL
RTL
RTLS
RTM
RTMS
RTO
RTOS
RTS
RTS
RTSP
RTTI
RVI
RVM
RTW
RTXT
Ruby
RUI
Runtime
RUP
Real-Time (see JIC, JIT, JBT, TC): a competitive advantage when properly implemented. Add BI !
Real-Time Clock
Return To Control
Magazine on European Research (http://europa.eu.int/comm/research/rtdinfo/index_en.html)
Rich Text Edit (control)
Realtime, Embedded and Specialized Systems
Rich Text Format
Read The F… Manual (Net language acronym / jargon)
Run-Time Library
Register Transfer Level (for digital HW design)
Real Time Location Systems (see RFID)
Round Table Meeting
Retail Target Marketing System (Archer)
Recovery Time Objective (see DR, RPO)
Real Time Operating System
Request To Send (see RFQ, RFP)
Remote Transaction System (save time, travels, opportunity costs to isolated communities)
Real Time Streaming Protocol (application layer)
Run-Time Type Identification
Refined Vulnerability Information sources
Relational Metric Value
Ready-To-Wear (planner/planning)
Rich TeXT (see TXT)
open programming language : object oriented (OO) and multi-paradigm
Remote User Interface (see FUI, GUI)
program executing an application whose language is unavailable
Rational Unified Process (Rational Inc)
S
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
S3
Simple Storage Service (Amazon service: data backup) (see EC2, cloud computing )
*.s3m
ScreamTracker 3 modules (sound file format)
SA
Strategic Alliance
SA
Strategic Architecture (see SOA)
SA
Sustainable Architecture (see SIS)
SA8000
Social Accountability (label): similar to ISO along the ILO rules.
Security as a Service (offered by Panda)
SaaS
SaaS
Software as a Service (model) (see DaaS, IaaS, PaaS)
SAA
Systems Application Architecture
SAA
Swift Alliance Access
SAAL
Signalling ATM Adaptation Layer
SAAL
Single Address Assembly Language
SACL
System Access Control List
SADT
Structured Analysis and Design Technique
SAE
Society of Automotive Engineers
SAF-TE
SCSI Accessed Fault Tolerant Enclosure
SAL
Self Addressed Envelope (see SASE)
Sales area
combination of sales organization, distribution channel and division.
Sales group records the data on the employees of a sales office. Sales groups are assigned to sales offices
Sales office geographical aspects of the organizational structures in business development
Sales organization
organizational structure w/i SD which is assigned to a CyCd
SAM
Service Activity Management (see BAM)
SAM
Security Account Manager
SAM
Shared Accounting Module
SAM
Supply Account Manager
SAM
Software Asset Management
SAML
Security Assertions Markup Language (one only connection for accessing all applications and
servers. It's a specification of the OASIS)(www.projectliberty.org)
Sample Account
Used to determine fixed values in G/L account
SAN
Storage Area Network (see BAN, LAN, PAN, VLAN, WAN, WLAN, DAS, NAS)
SAN
System Area Network
SANY
Sensors ANYwhere (see DEWs, SensorSA)
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SAOL
MPEG-4 Structured Audio Orchestra Language (www.dart-europe.eu/full.php?id=149984)
SAP
Service Advertising Protocol
SAP
System & Application Product (SAP AG since 1972 !)(www.sap.com/)
Soucis d'Accroître la Productivité (very unofficial definition !)
SAP (Fr)
SAP Banking / SEM consists of :
PA
Profit Analyzer
RA
Risk Analyzer
SA
Strategy Analyzer
BA
Balance Analyzer
SAP IS
(SAP) Industry Specific Component : Industry Solution
Systems Applications & Products in Data Processing/Real Time: www.sap.com. Founded in '72
SAP/R3
SAP-BG
SAP Business Graphics
SAP - CTO
Change and Transport Organizer (customizing organizers/transaction SE10)
SAP - CTS
Change and Transport System
SAPnet
Topics, forum, services, R/3 support, … at http://sapnet.sap-ag.de (ID+PWD needed)
SAP - OSS
SAP Online Service System
SAP - SEM
Strategic Enterprise Management (see SEM)
SAP - TCC
Technical Core Competence
SAP - TMS
Transport Mgmt System (performs imports for all R/3 systems w/i a system landscape)
SAP XI
SAP eXchange Infrastructure (for data transfer)
SAR
Segmentation And Reassembly
SAR
Specific Absorption Rate (mobile phone related measure: RF impact on the user)
SAS
Statement of Auditing Standards
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI
SAS
Single Attached Stations (see DAS)
SAS
Space Adaptation Syndrome(see Coffin , WP) : adrenaline, heart-beat, flight away reflex
SASE
Self Addressed and Stamped Envelope (see SAL)
SASL
Simple Authentication and Security Layer (see TLS)
SAT
Student Aptitude Test
SATA
Serial ATA (Bus Attachment)
SAW
Surface Acoustic Wave (identifier chip)
SAWSDL
Semantic Annotations for Web Services Description Language (see WSDL)
SAX
Simple API for XML
SB
Structured Behavior (FBC>s -Change Management) (FBWPA : [email protected])
SBA
Side Band Addressing (port: see AGP), Small Business Administration (USA)
SBA
Small Business Administration (US)
SBC
Server-Based Computing
SBC
Smart Bitrate Control (new way to encode DivX)
SBC
Software-Based Communication
SBP
Serial Bus Protocol
SBP
Service-Based Pricing
SBR
Statistical Bit Rate
SBS
Small Business Server
SBS
Smart Battery Specification (Duracell + Intel)
SBU
Strategic Business Unit (management)
SC
Scientific Computing
SC
Smart Card
SC
Standard Cost
SC
Supply Chain (see 3PLs, APO, FSCT, SCM, SCEM, SCOR,…)
SCA
Software Communication Architecture
SCA
Sustainable Competitive Advantage (see CA)
SCADA
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
Scam
fraudulent scheme (example : the Nigerian tricky financial offers)
SCART
euroconnector
SCC
Supply Chain Cockpit (see SCOPE) provides a graphical user interface to manage and
optimize the supply chain. SCC synthesizes collaborative businesses and decision data.
SCC
Supply Chain Council (for setting SCM standards)(see also SC, SCEM, SCN)
SCCs
SuperComputer Centers
SCD
System Context Diagram
SCE
Sales Configuration Engine (see SCM)
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SCE
Supply Chain Engineer enables planners to build a graphical model of the supply networks
SCEM
Supply Chain Event Mgmt: event occurrence mgmt within the SC
(see FBM, Magazine 4)
School Graduation (High -) : level and discipline
A.Com
Associate of Commerce
B.A
Bachelor of Arts
B.Sc.
Bachelor of Science
MBA
Master of Business Administration (see MIS)
MIS
Master of Information System (Techno-MBA)
D.Sc.
Doctor of Science
Ph.D.
Doctor of Philosophy
SCIP
Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals (see CI)
SCIP
Supply Chain Improvement Process
SCM
Supply Chain Management (see APO, c-SCM, GCL, SCEM, SCOR)
Scn
Screen
SCN
Supply Chain Network (extended logistics chain)
SCNP
Security Certified NW Professional
SCO
Synchronous Connection Oriented
SCOPE
(SAP) Supply-Chain Optimization, Planning & Execution
SCOR
Supply-Chain Operations Reference (see SC, SCEM, SCM, SCN, ...)
SCORM
Sharable Content Object Reference Model
SCP
Supply Chain Planning (with SAP APO)(see also SC, SCEM, SCM, SCN)
SCPI
Supply Chain Planning Interface
SCPM
Supply Chain Performance Management (see SC, SCEM, SCM, SCN, …)
SCQM
Supply Chain Quality Management (see SC, SCEM, SCM, SCN, …)
Scrap
percentage of a rejected material which does not meet quality requirements
Screaming cell phone
phone emitting a screaming noise when lost or stolen (see kill switch )
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface (see SAS, iSCSI)
SCTP
Stream Control Transmission Protocol (transport layer)
SD
Sales & Distribution (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SD
Send Data (Net)
SD
Super Density laserdisc from Toshiba / Time Warner (see also CD, DVD, HDCD, MMCD, SD)
SDA
Static Data Authentification (see DDA)
SDA
Sex Descrimination Act (1984) (see HREOC)
SD-BIL
Sales & Distribution - Billing / Facturation (invoicing process w/i SD)
SD-CAS
Sales & Distribution - Computer Aided Selling
SDF
Standard Delay File (format)
SDF
Sub Distribution Frame
SD-FT
Sales & Distribution - Foreign Trade (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SGL
Standard General Ledger (see USSGL)
SDH
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (see DWDM, ONE, SON, SONET, TDM, WDM)
SD-IS
Sales and Distribution - Information System (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SDK
SW Development Kit
SD-MD
Sales & Distribution - Master Data (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SDRAM
Synchronous DRAM
SD-SHP
Sales & Distribution - Shipping (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line (see ADSL)
SD-SLS
Sales & Distribution - Sales (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SDX
Storage Data Acceleration
SE
Search Engine (see SEO, SEOP)
SE
Second Edition (see LE)
*.sea
self extracting archives (compressed files)
SEA
Search Engine Advertising (see PFL, SEM)
SEAL
Semantics-directed Environment Adaptation Language
SEAL
Simulated Evolution And Learning (Singapore, November 2002)
SEAQ
Stock Exchange Automated Quotation (many info providers use it for identifying quickly shares)
Search tm
search term utilizing a short nme (name)
SEC
Search Engine Crawler
SEC
Securities & Exchange Commission (http://www.sec.gov/)(EDGAR)
SEC
Single-Edge Contact (interface/cartridge for Pentium II)
SECPS
Securities and Exchange Commission Practice Section (doesn't exist any more)
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SECAM (Fr)
SECON
Second Life
SLLA
SECURITY
Système Electronique Couleur Avec Mémoire (see NTSC, PAL)
Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks
3-D virtual fantasy world built and owned by its almost 2 millions residents (http://secondlife.com/)
members of a self-proclaimed Second Life Liberation Army
FBM
main techniques (see more on ….)
FBM
adware
cloaking
hacking
harvesting
malvertising
malware
phishing
root kit
slag
trojan
virus
vishing
whacking
zombie attack
zombies NW
SEDIC
Sensitive Dependence on Initial Condition
SEE
Silly Expert Experiment (see SEO)
Seed money start-up money (see VC)
S2F
Send to Friends (invitation on many sites)
SEH
Structured Exception Handler (process)
SEI
Software Engineering Institute (see CMM, P-CMM)
SELOP
SELect OPtion
SEM
Search Engine Marketing (www.dailymotion.com/video/xkb2h_le-sem_business)(see SEA)
SEM
Small Entrepreneurial Manufacturer
SEM
Security Event Management (see SIM)
SEM
Strategic Enterprise Management (SAP)
SEM - BCS
SEM - Business Consolidation and Sourcing (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SEM - BIC
SEM - Business Information Collection (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SEM - BPS
SEM - Business Planning and Simulation (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SEM - CPM SEM - Corporate Performance Monitor (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SEM - SRM SEM - Stakeholder Relationship Management (R/3 Business Application Areas)
SensorSA
Sensor Service Architecture (see DEWs, SANY)
Sensys
Sensor System (see ENSS, WSN)
SEO
Search Engine Optimization (see SEOP, SER)
SEO
Silly Expert Opinion (Eric meyer, www.ericmeyeroncss.com/) (see SEE)
SEOP
Search Engine Optimization and Positioning (see SEO, SER)
SEPA
Single Euro Payments Area : harmonization of the payments within Europe (see BIC, IBAN)
SER
Search Engine Registration (see SEO, SEOP)
Serial process
One after the other process
SERM
Structured Entity Relationship Model (SAP development tool for creating data models)
SES
Shared Earth System (part of the JIS)
SESAC
Security and Stability Advisory Committee (ICANN)
SESEC
Sustainable Environmental Solutions for Emerging Countries (www.sesec.org)
Window where the user processes a task
Session
Session mgr user interface for controlling the R/3 system from a frontend. The enterprise IMG has to be customized before the 1st
generation of the company menu which is the basis for the definition of user menus.
SET
Secure Electronic Transactions
SET
Single Electron Transistor
Set
Object summarizing values or value intervals
SETI
Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (see AI, VI)
SFA
Sales Force Automation integrates the back office with the front office and uses several
components : Contact Mgmt, Activity Mgmt, Calendar, Opportunity Mgmt, Order Mgmt,
Quotation, Marketing Encyclopedia, Sales pricing engine, Sales configuration engine, Promotions/Campaigns, Customer Agreement, Inbox/outbox, Analysis tools.(see CRM, FFA)
SFH
Synthesized Frequency Hopping (GSM) : prevents communication interruptions.
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SFIS
SFM
SGBD (Fr)
*.sgi
SGML
*.sgt
SHA
Shareware
SHGs
SHL
S-HTTP
SI
SI
SIA
SID
SID
SIF (Fr)
SIG
SIG
SIGINT
SIGMA
signal
SIV
SII
SIIA
SIL (Fr)
SIM
SIM
SIM
SIM
SIMagine
SIMD
SIM-IM
SIMM
SIMS
SIP (Fr)
SiP
SIPs
SIP2
SIPRnet
SIS
SIS
SIS
SIS
SISEE
SIVA
SKF
SLA
S/L
Slack time
Slag
SLAPP
SLC
SLC
SLICK-DA
SLIP
SLOC
SLRP
SLS
SM
Shop Floor Information System (see LIS, MIS, SIS, ,,,)
Sustainable Forest Management (see ISO 14001)
Système de Gestion de Banque de Données (see DBMS)
Silicon Graphics SGI image format
Standard Generalized Markup Language
DirectMusic segment files (sound file format)
Shared Hosting Account (see colocated server )
Try it before you buy. Fr.: Distribuciel ou partagiciel = libre-essais avant achat
Self-Help Groups
Shared Library (BC-SRV)
Secured HTTP
Strategic Intelligence (see CA, CI, IE, …)
System Integrator
Semiconductor Industry Association
Security ID
Solid Ink Density (printing business)
Système d'Information Financier
Sender Identity Guaranteed
Special Interest Group
SIGnal INTelligence (see ELINT, GIS, HUMINT, IMINT)
Software Industrialized Generator and Maintenance Aids (system)
an electrically impulsed information
Structure Investment Vehicles (see ABCP)
Simple Indexing Interface
Software & Information Industry Association
Système d'Information de la Logistique
Security Incident Management (see SEM)
Society for Information Management (www.simnet.org/)
Subscriber Identity Module
SW Security Information Management (see SEM, SIM)
Mobile Telecom market applications (http://www.simagine.info/)
Single Instruction (stream) Multiple Data (stream): multiprocessor architecture concept
free software-based multiple protocol instant messenger (see IM)
Single Inline Memory Module
Strategy Implementation Monitoring System (SAS Australia & New Zealand: [email protected])
Système d'Information du Personnel (gestion du -)
System-in-Package. Delivered when the solution is not possible on chip (see SoC)
Statistically Improbable Phrases: most distinctive phrases in the text (Amazon.com)(see CAPs)
Session Initiation Protocol
Government Secret Internet Protocol network
Sales Information System (see LIS, MIS, …)
Strategic Information System (see TMS)
Structured Information Standards (see OASIS)
Sustainable Information System (see SA)
Single Information Space for Environment and risk management in Europe (see RM-OA)
Solution, Information, Value, Access corresponding to the 4P Product, Promotion, Price, Place
Statistical Key Figures
Service Level Agreement (see SLS, TCO)
Special Ledger
Fr.: marge libre des tâches non critiques (CPM)
several meanings : one of them could correspond to the running of a destructive program
Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (http://www.casp.net/)
Single-Level Cell (see MLC)
Supplier Logistics Center
Simple Language Independent Kit for OPC Data Access Server
Serial Line Internet Protocol
Source Lines Of Code (see also KLOC)
Strategic Long-Range Plan (see NOPAT)
Service Level Specifications (see SLA, TCO)
Scientiae Magister (Master Of Science)
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SM
SM
SM
SMAC
smart card
smart card
smart phone
SMB
SMB
SMBA
SMC
SME / I
SME
SMED
SMF
SMFU
SMIL
smiley
S/MIME
SMIS
SMIS
SMI-S
SMI-S
SMiShing
SMO
SMP
SMR
SMS
SMS MO
SMS MO-R
SMS MT
SMS MT-R
SMS
SMS
SMT
SMTP
smurf
SN
SNA
Snail Mail
SNCC
SNG
SNIA
Sniglet
Snippet
SNMP
*.snp
SNP
Service Management
Security Management (see FISMA, RM)
Strategic Match (IE)
Society of Management Accountants of Canada
Surplus Marketing Administration (USA)
(intelligent) card with a built-in Chip (new generation : very smart card)
advanced multi-capable handheld devices : actually Blackberry, iPhone (see PDA)
Small & Midsize Businesses (see SME, VSE)
Server Message Block
Share Memory Buffer Architecture (see UMA)
Surface Mounted Component
Small & Medium(-sized) Enterprises / Industries (see SMB, VSE)
Society of Manufacturing Engineers
Single Minute Exchange of Die (system originated in Japan for quick machines changeovers and low downtimes)
Super MetaFile
Systems Management Functional Unit
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language
(see) emoticon : graphisms, animations and sounds are also available
Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (see MIME)
Service Management Information System
Specific Management Information-passing Service (see OSI)
Storage Management Initiative Specification
Storage Management Interface Standard
short for SMS phishing : mobile attack using SMS
Social Media Optimization (SEO along the popularity)
Symmetric MultiProcessing (is where OS and applications can share all the processors)
Sample Master Record
Short Messaging Service (mobile phone) (see MMS)
SMS Mobile Originated
SMS MO Reverse Charging (cost is paid by the receiver)
SMS Mobile Terminated (Sent by a server to a mobile)
SMS MT Reverse Charging
SW Management System
System Management Server
Self Management Team (organization)
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (see ESMTP)
attack exploiting the IP protocol features within the TCP/IP protocol
Social Network (see SNA, SNS)
Social Network Analysis (go to www.fbc-e.com for more)(see Networking , SNS, 360°)
ordinary postal mail versus email !
System and Network Control Center
SAP Supply Network Gateway
Storage Networking Industry Association
a word that should be in the dictionary but isn't (http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci506044,00.html)
A snippet fulfills a specified task well without taking much extra code beyond the standard library
Simple Network Management Protocol (Internet framework)
Snapshot Viewer (file)
Supply Network Planning integrates purchasing, manufacturing, distribution and transportation
in one global model to shorter the response times and minimize the supply chain costs
SNS
Social Network System (see SNA)
SOA
Service-Oriented Architecture: an advanced fundamental concept (see ROA, SONA, WOA)
SOAP
Simple Object Access Protocol (open standard accessing web service during execution)
SOA-RM
SOA Reference Model
SoC
System-on-Chip (design) (see SiP)
SOC
Security Operations Center (see SOO)
Social capital
http://bizz-exert.blogspot.com
Social software
Blogs , cloud computing , Wikis , WEB 2.0 (http://web2bizclub.blogspot.com/)
Société-SL
Unité structurelle de la gestion comptable qui subdivise l'entreprise selon les exigences de la législation commerciale.
(Fr)
La fonction de la comptabilité financière se fait sur base des SL. Une SL peut comporter plusieurs sociétés. Il faut un
même plan comptable et exercice comptable opérationnel. Les devises peuvent être différentes.
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SOD
SODIMM
SOE (Biz)
SOE (IT)
Soft salary
Softy
SOHO
Solvency II
SOM
SOM
SOMA
SON
SONA
SONET
SOO
SOP
Severity, Occurrence, Detection (see RPN = S×O×D)
Small-Outline DIMM
State-Owned Enterprise
Standard Operating Environment.
salary calculated according the company rules (see hard salary )
Sum Of The Year digits: regressive amortization method
Small Office, Home Office (market)(see HBB)
insurance companies EC standards set for regulating their management (see Basel II )
System Object Model
Self Organizing Map (categorizes texts according their register and style of the author)
Self-Ordered Magnetic Arrays (requires special material) for approaching a capacity of 50 To per inch²
Synchronous Optical Network (see DWDM, ONE, SDH, SONET, TDM, WDM)
Service-Oriented Network Architecture (see SOA)
Synchronous Optical Network (see DWDM, ONE, SDH, SON, TDM, WDM)
Security Operations Officer (see CCO, CEO, CIO, CFO, CKO, CSO, ERO, SOC)
Sales and Operation Planning (provides a link between the sales forecasting and master production scheduling
processes: information is shared on line between the sales department and production scheduling to keep and
production scheduling to keep each up-to-date with the latest information)
SOP
Standard Operating Procedures
SOP
Statement of Position (see AICPA, CPA)
SORBS
Spam and Open Relay Blocking System (http://www.de.sorbs.net/)
Sorting key posting data the SAP system will capture in the allocation field or a document mainly
used for automatic clearing of account
SOS
Save Our Souls : emergency call
SOS
Standardized Open Sources (Fr.: Open Sources Standardisé)
SOX
Sarbanes-Oxley
Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002): new governance principles after the Enron and Walcom fraudulous bankrupcies
SOXA
SP
Standard Play (sound, movie, …)
Service Pack (Windows)
SP
Service Pack2 (Windows)
SP2
SP
Strategic Planning
SPA
Secure PWD Authentication
SPA
SW Publishers Association
Spam
junk email (spamming = junk email distribution)
SPAM
SAP Support Package Manager
SPAN
Switched Port Analyzer (see RSPAN)
SPARQL
SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language (new standard query language of the Semantic Web)
SPB
Structure Planning Board (available within the SAP PS module)
SPC
Statistical Process Control (see SQC)
Spearphishin g combination of pharming and phishing
Special G/L transaction
Business transaction itemized differently in the balance sheet (i.e. notes,
down payment, guarantees)
Special purpose ledger
is a general ledger based on user-defined elements. Fr : comptabilité auxiliaire
accessible via le menu, des clés de comptabilisation -posting keys- livrées avec le système.
Specs
specifications
Speech recognition. Over the phone speech-enabled SAP modules let representatives and customers
determine the status of accounts, product availability and pricing, sales-order placement. HR
module lets employees speak to access information about benefit, salaries, paychecks,
travel expenses, time reporting, personal information (SpeechWorks International Inc.)
SPF
Sender Policy Framework (http://www.openspf.org/)
SPF
Single Point of Failure
SPI
Schedule Performance Index : work achieved / work scheduled
SPI
Software in the Public Interest (NPO for helping companies in the open SW development)
SPID
Service Profile IDentifier (see RID)
Student's Personalized Interactive Knowledge Environment (Portal of the Advanced Technolgy
SPIKE
Development of the Wharton School of the Pennsylvania University. It has been developped with ColdFusion of
Macromedia : www.wharton.upenn.edu)
Splash page advertising page displayed before the access to the site
Splog
contraction of spam and blog : fake blog
SPM
Source Program Maintenance
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SPO
SPOC
Spock
Spoofing
SPOT
SQUID
Spread
SPSS
SPV
SPV
SPY ACT
Spybot
Spychip
Spyware
SQA
SQC
SQI
SQL
SQM
SQS
SR
SRB
SRDF
SRDs
SRDS
SRE
SRI
SRM
SRM
SRT
SRU
SRV or srv
SS
SS7
SSA
SSARS
SSC
SSCR
Spending Pool Order
Single Point Of Contact
People-search engine (www.spock.com)
Identity Hacking, Masquerading
Screening Passengers by Observation Technique (after N-Y Sept 11)
Superconducting Quantum Interference Device
spread in between 2 values
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences
Sound Picture & Video (phone system from Orange)
Special Purpose Vehicle (see SIV)
Securely Protect Yourself Against Cyber Trespass Act: US anti-spyware bill
Spying robot
refers to RFID tags as privacy thieves
Spying software
SW Quality Assurance (see QA, QC, QCM, SQM)
Statistical Quality Control (see QA, QC, QCM, SPC)
Simple Query Interface (see SQL)
Structured Query Language (see SQI)
SW Quality Management (see QA, QC, QCM, SQA)
Simple Queuing Service
Systemic Risk
Storage Resource Broker
Synchronous Remote Data Facility
Short Range Devices
Standard Rate and Data Service (www.srds.com)
Standard for Robot Exclusion
Socially Responsible Investment: investing in enterprises complying with the human rights & environmental rules
Storage Resource Management (see NAS, SAN …)
Supplier Relationship Management (= GRF)
Selection-Recruitment-Training
Search/Retrieval via URL (www.loc.gov/standards/sru/resources/diagnostics-list.html)(see CQL
server
Self-Snoop
Signaling System 7
Social Security Administration (US)
Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services (see AICPA, CPA)
Shared Service Centre
SAP Software Change Registration : records which users are authorized to modify SAP
repository objects in the R/3 system and which objects a user has modified
SSCS
Statements on Standards for Consulting Services (see AICPA, CPA)
SSD
Solid-State Drive
SSE
Streaming SIMD Extension
SSID
Service Set IDentifier
SSII (Fr)
Société de Service et d'Ingénierie Informatique (France)
SSL
Secured Socket Layer (security device)
SSO
Simplified Sign-On
SSO
Single Sign-On (security)
SSO
Stateful Switch Over
SST
"Single Source of Truth" (an interesting formulation as read in the Oracle Magazine )
Stakeholder Individual and/or group having typical interest in the company and/or the project.
STAR
Stock Appreciation Rights
STB
Set Top Box
STENO
Science, Technology, Environment Organization
Step-in Manager
stepping-in dynamically. Go to www.fbc-e.com for more information
Stick to your knitting
Avoid excessive diversification (In search of Excellence, Peters )
STM
Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (see AFM)
STOA
Scientific and Technological Options Assessment (Committee)
STP
Straight Through Processing
STructural Engineering Systems Solver: IT language to solve structural analysis problems in civil engineering
STRESS
Structure
legal and internal flexible framework in which business transactions are processed
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STTR
Small Business Technology Transfer
STU
Space-Time Universe = 4D (3D + Time) (see the Japanese Ba )
STUN
Simple Traversal of UDP through NATs (used by ICE)
Sub-ledger customers, vendors, assets / compta auxiliaire : clients, fournisseurs, immobilisés
Subprime
mortgage for lowly reliable persons.
Superstitials advertising format developed by Unicast
Super-Type d'objet (Fr)
nœud supérieur de l'arborescence des types d'objets existants (voir BOB)
SUV
Sport Utility Vehicle
SV
Schedule Variance (see CV)
SVG
Scalable Vector Graphical
SVGrid
Secure Virtual Grid computing environment
SW
Semantic Web (see COE, CSW, SWR, SWT)
SWAG
Scientific Wild Anatomical Guess : rough estimate of a project completion time / cost
Swapware
Rights to use are granted when purchasing another author's program / Fr: Troquiciel
SWB
Subjective Well-Being
SWIFT
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (see BIC)
SWIG
SAP WEB Internet Gateway
*.swf
Shock Waves Flash file / object
SWK
SpyWare Killer
SWO1
transaction that starts the Business Object Builder (all objects) in SAP
SWO2
gives a hierarchical list of all data in the SAP BOR.
SWOT
Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats (see also COBRA from FBC>s )
SWR
Semantic Web Research (see COE, CSW, SW, SWT)
SWT
Semantic Web Technology (see COE, CSW, SW, SWR)
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
T
TA
Terminal Adaptor
TA
Transactional Analysis (see AT)
TAF
Thought Action Fusion Inventory
TAF
Tracking and Analysis Framework
Taguchi methods statistical methods developed by Genichi Taguchi to improve the quality of manufactured goods
TAI
International Atomic Time (see UTC)
TANSTAAFL There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch (common biz language)
TAO
Track-At-Once (see DAO)
TAPI
Telephone Application Programming Interface (see CAPI)
TAR
Tape Archive: in a .tar archive, files are gathered and not compressed.
Targed attack attack on transactions instead of computers
TARP
Troubled Assets Relief Plan (Henry Paulson, Finances Minister, USA, 2008)
Taxonomy
science of the classification (used within a real KM project)(see folksonomy )
Tax category of a G/L Acct. Tax types : input sales tax, output sales tax, fixed tax rates
TB / Tb
Terabytes (1024 x Gb / Giga) (see Petaoctet)
TBC
Time Based Competition considers time as a manageable factor (also known as "Time
Compression Management" or "Cycle Time Reduction")(see AAT, TTC, TTL, TTM, TTR)
TBC
Time Base Corrector
TBD
To Be Discussed (used in some offerings)
TBE
The Benchmarking Exchange
TC
Target Costing: Toyota (see TPS) uses value engineering to reduce the cost (see Kaizen costing )
TC
Time Compression (see JIC, JIT, JTL, RT)
TCA
Trip Costs Accounting (function available in the R/3 Release 4.0)
Transaction Cost Analysis. It assumes that all organizational processes contain 2 cost elements: production and
TCA
transaction costs (see ABA, ABB, ABC, TCM).
TCAM
Ternary Content Addressable Memory
TCC
Total Cloud Computing
TCE
Transaction Cost Economics (see IE)
TCM
Total Change Management (addition / combination of major changes)(see GCM for top results)
TCM
Total Content Management (see CMS, ECM, WCM)
TCM
Time Compression Management (see TBC, TM): more to be done in much less time!
TCM
Transaction Costs Management (see ABA, ABB, ABC, ABM, TCA).
TCM
Treasury Cash Management
TCO
Total Cost of Ownership. Gartner (see LCO). Fr: somme des coûts de matériel et de logiciel, dont l'architecture,
et des coûts cachés relatifs à une activité particulière telle que l'utilisation de l'ordinateur par un utilisateur final.
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TCPA
TCP
TCP / IP
TCSEC
TCT
TD
TDABC
TDC
TDD
TDM
TDMA
TDP
TDR
TDS
TDWI
Team
Teaser
TEG
Trusted Computing Platform Alliance (Security Access Norms)
Transmission Control Protocol (transport layer) (see UDP, DCCP, SCTP, RSVP, ECN)
TCP / Internet Protocol
Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria
Time-Critical Targeting (see TTR, TTM, TTC)
Technology Domain
Time-Driven Activity-Based Costing (see ABC, TCA)
Transport Domain Controller
Test Driven Development
Time Division Multiplexing (see DWDM, SDH, SON, SONET, WDM)
Time Division Multiple Access
Thermal Design Power (PC specs /example : 2,5w)
Time Domain Reflectometry (ability to test the cable integrity from the switch)
Target Day Supply / Detailed Scheduling (see DD, FCFS, LPT, PLC, PLM and others)
The Data Warehousing Institute
Coordinated net of people (see ATU, SMT, TU)
short text about a story (see Kicker)
ThermoElectric Generator: extraction of electrical energy from the temperature difference between a hot and a cold
environment to power electronic devices
TEI
Total Enterprise Integration (complete information integration throughout an enterprise and its SC)(see EAI)
TEI
Total Economic Impact (see IE / Information Economics)
TEI
Total Emotional Intelligence : FBC>s concept (see EI, EQ)
TEL
Technology-Enhanced Learning (see ITEL)
TEL
The European Library (digital library)
Telecine
process that brings a 24 fps movie to 29,97 fps.
TELENET
ARPANET commercial version
Teleprocessing remote processing
Tera / To
1024 x Giga / Go (see Tb, Petaoctet)
Teraflops
1 billion of operations / sec (see flops )
text-talk
text-messaging based conversation (see TM)
TFD
Tax Freedom Day: the date as from which the population stops paying taxes and works for itself
TFFIO
Terrorist Funding / Finance Identification Operations
TFP
Text Formatting Program
Total Factors Productivity. Metrics related to the synergy & efficiency of capital and human resources utilization
TFP
*.tga
Truevision Targa files (image file format)
TGC (Fr)
Technologies de la Gestion des Connaissances (see KMT)
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
Thin Client
terminal-like computing architecture to improve the large enterprise NW manageability
TIDS
Total Inventory Days of Supply
TIEAS
Tax Information Exchange Agreements (see FATF, FSF, OFCS)
*.tif
Tagged Image Files
Time event
recorded clock-in/clock-out time
TIMITI
Try It, Measure It, Tweak It (metrics)
TIMS
Telecommunications Instructional Modeling Systems : common experimental platform
TIN
Taxpayer Identifying Number (US) (see PIN)
TIP
Actual Time (HR)
TIPS
Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (US)
Thinking out of the box
foreseeing : not considering the "out-of-the-self" as a serious immediate solution
TinyURL!™ create a tiny URL that will not break in email postings and never expires (http://tinyurl.com/)
TLA
Three Letter Acronym (see FLEA, YATLA)
TLD
Top Level Domains (see DNS)
TLD
Tag Library Definition: XML file describing the tag by associating the tag name with the corresponding Java class
TLEs
Transposable Elements (they have mobility properties)
TLS
Transport Layer Security (see SASL)
T/M
TeleMetry
TM
Text Messaging (see IM, text-talk )
TM
Time Management (see TBC, TCM, TDABC, TTC, TTM, TTR and others from the TTx series)
TM
transaction Manager (is mapping a whole range of financial instruments for different terms and
hedging purposes -from money market to securities, loan and derivative)
TM ™
Trade Mark (see ©, ®)
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TM
TM
Track Marketing (FBC>s Concept)
Trust Management: linked to risk and security mgmt, including WEB security concerns.
(www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue3_6/khare/index.html)
TMC
Traffic Management System
TMN
Telecommunication Management Network (IN)
TMS
Tactical Messaging System (see SIS)
TMS
Transport(ion) Management System: organizes, monitors, imports change request
Theory Of Constraints (Eli Goldratt: start with the operation that require the defined bottleneck
TOC
resources in the system. Remaining operations are scheduled on the non-bottleneck resources
using a combination of backward and forward schedule techniques)(see COBRA from FBC>s, .
CPM, PERT, … )
TOC
Table Of Content (see TOR)
TODS
Transactions on Database Systems
TOEFL
Test Of English as a Foreign Language (see ESL)
ToIP
Telephony over IP (see VoIP, VoW)
toon-shaded see cel-shaded
Topology
geographical/physical setting/construction for the best network arrangement
TOPs
Task Optimized Processors
TOR
Terms Of Reference (see also MOU)
TOR
The Onion Router: free SW implementation of 2G onion-routing for anonymous communication
ToS
Type of Service (system management / maintenance)
TOS
Terms Of Services
TOWS
see SWOT
TP
Terminal Portability (service) (see ISDN)
TP (Fr)
Type de Pièce
TPFKATA
Jay Rosen manifesto: The People Formerly Known As The Audience (before the Blogosphere )
TPM
Total Productive Maintenance (Nakajima, 1988) for supporting product manufacturing
TPS
Total Plant Solution (see MRP)
Toyota Production System. Besides the well known JIT or other TQM, Toyota creates values with other methods:
TPS
Andon, Genchi Genbutsu, Heijunka, Jidoka, Kaizen, Kanban, Muda, Mura, Muri, Poka-Yoke.
TQC
Total Quality Control (see ASQ, CTQ, EFQM, Kaizen, TQM, QA, QI, QC, QM)
TQM
Total Quality Management (see ASQ, CTQ, EFQM, QA, QI, QC, QM, TQC)
TR
Treasury (R/3 Business Application Area)
Track record history of the finishing times
Trackers
see ETF
Trans
transaction
Transaction program standing behind the R/3 menu. Min. 1 pce per transaction with a univocal
number (manually/externally or automatically/internally determined)
Transaction code
4-char. code representing a task for directly going to the task screen
Transp
transportation
Transponder TRANSmitter resPONDER
TRASCOM
Traveller Assistance for Combined Mobility in regional areas (see Mobile2.0, MoMo)
TR-CM
Cash Management. Fr: trésorerie, gestion des flux
TR-FM
Funds Management. Fr : comptabilité budgétaire
Trialware
pre-installed SW on a new PC (see crapware )
TRIP
Terrorism Reinsurance and Insurance Pool
TRIPS
Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: WTO's IP laws standards. See IC, ICA, IPM
Trojan
an invading software that acts like the famous Trojan horse
*.trm
Terminal (file)
TRM
Total Reward Management
troff
DPS by ATT
TRS
Total Returns to Shareholders (see ROA, ROI, ROE, ROK, ROP …)
TRS
Transaction Reporting System
Transportation Research Thesaurus: list of terms indicating which of 2 or more synonymous terms is
TRT
authorized for use. http://trt.trb.org/trt_glossary./asp
TR-TM
Treasury Management. Fr: Gestion de la trésorerie étendue
TSC
Time Stamp Counter
TSDB
Time Series DB : important for KM time dimension added to real world DB (see DB, RDB)
TSER
Two Stage Entity-Relationship (information modeling tool)(see ERD)
TSF (Fr)
Télégraphie / Téléphonie Sans Fil (Hertz, +/- 1888)
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TSID
TSOP
TSS
TSS
TSSDC
TSUP (Fr)
TT
TTA
TTC
TTF (*.ttf)
TTL
TTL
TTM
TTP
TTR
TTR(A)
TTT
TTx
Tty
TU
TUAC
TUG
Turing test
TURN
TUS (Fr)
Tux
TV
TVI
TWF
twip
Twitter
Transmitting Station ID (see CSID)
Thin Small Outline Package
Technical Support Services (from Google)
Touch Server Technology
Task State Segment Descriptor Cache
Témoin de SUPpression (archivage)
Text Telephone (MS service)
Time-To-Answer (see TBC, TTC, TTR, TTM, TTP, TTx)
Time-To-Change = total time needed to implement a project (FBC>s concept)(see TBC, TTL, TTM, TTR )
True Type Font (scalable font) (file)
Time-To-Live (see TBC, TCT, TTC, TTR, TTM, TTP): related to Life Cycles (LC)
Transistor-Transistor Logic
Time-To-Market = total time a company needs to react to an occurrence (see AAT, TBC, TTC, TTP ...)
Time-To-Product (it's related to the PLC)(see AAT, TBC, TCT, TTC, TTR, TTL, TTM)
Time-To-Resolution
Time-To-Resources (Available or to be found) = total time a company needs to find resources (see TTM)
Train / Training-The-Trainer
global performance "pull models": TTC, TTM, TTP, TTR, … (article in the FBC>s BizMagazine 3)
Transaction type. Fr: Type de transaction
Team Unit (see ATU, SMT, team )
Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD
Terminal User Guide (operating manual) (see EUC)
to determine the computer ability of thinking like a human (see AI, CAPTCHA)
Traversal Using Relay NAT (used by ICE)
Type d'Unité de Stock (WM)
The name of the Linux penguin mascot (see the illustration)
TeleVision (see HDTV)
Tutored Video Instruction
Total Welfare in the Family
(one) TWentIeth of a Point
Social networking and microblogging service utilizing instant messaging, SMS or Web interface.
To utter a maximum of 140 characters about short and/or trivial matters (www.twitter.com)
TWS
Timed Wire Service (telegraph)
Traveling Wave Tube (NEC)
TWT
*.txt (TXT)
Text (non-formated file)(Windows note pad file)(see RTXT)
Type d'objet description générique d'objets du même type avec les données correspondantes, les fonctions exécutables sur les
objets, les modifications possibles du statut ainsi que l'implémentation correspondante dans le programme du type d'objet.
Voir Super-Type d'objet (Fr).
typosquatting a tricky domain name whose spelling and assonance is similar to a well known site to get part of its traffic
TZP
Planned Working Time (HR in SAP)
U
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
Universal Application Architecture (see RAA)
Unified Access Control: Juniper standard (see NAC, NAP, US)
User Account Control
Unrecoverable Application Error
User Authentification Method
Universal Asynchronous Receiver / Transmitter
User Acceptance Test
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Unsolicited Bulk Email (see SORBS, Spam , UCE)
short for "ubiquitous computing", a robot made by Tmsuk (Japan).
Note: Japanese female names often end with "ko."
ubiquitous computing
same as pervasive computing
UBL
Universal Business Language (it has something to do with the semantic interoperability)
UBR
Unspecified Bit Rate (ATM)
Ubuntu
community developed Linux-based operating system
Unified Communication: systems/models including unified messaging, collaboration, interaction systems
UC
UC
Upper Case
UCC
Uniform Commercial Code (USA)
UCD
User-Centered Design (see UFI)
UAA
UAC
UAC
UAE
UAM
UART
UAT
UAVs
UBE
Ubiko
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UCE
Unsolicited Commercial Email (see UBE, SORBS)
ucfbdrndd (Fr.) "utilise cette foutue boite de recherche nom de dieu" ("friendly" message on a French forum)
UCI
Unified Customer Interaction
UCR
Uniform Crime Report (USA / DoJ) (see ICVS)
UCS
Unicode Character System
UDC
Universal Decimal Classification
Universal Description Discovery & Integration (open standard accessing web service during execution)
UDDI
UDI
User Driven Innovation (see ENoLL)
UDO
Ultra Density Optical (for archiving)
UDP
User Datagram Protocol (transport layer) (see STUN)
UDRP
Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (see DNS)(www.dns.be)
UDRT
Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (see DNS)
UDT
Uniform Data Transfer
UEC
Union Europeene des Experts Comptables Economiques et Financiers
UET
Uniform Electronic Transaction act (USA)
UFD
User Friendly Design (see UFI)
UFDL
Universal Forms Definition Language
UFI
User-Friendly Interface (see API, GUI, HMI, IST, UCD, UFD, UI)
UFIS
User-Friendly Information Society (http://cordis.europa.eu/fp5/src/t-2.htm)
UFP
Ultra-Fine Particle (such as what you find in a laser printer cartdridge)
UFS
Unix File System (see UID)
UGC
User Generated Content (see CM)
UGV
Unmanned Ground Vehicle (see RR)
UHF
Ultra-High Frequency (see HF, LF, VHF, VLF)
UI
User Interface (see API, AugCog , EAM, GUI, HCI, HMI, UFD, UFI)
Unstructured Information : data and knowledge not stored in a searchable DB. A huge pack to be tapped!
UI
UIC
Universal Image Code
UID
User Identification (UNIX) (see UFS)
UIE
User Interface Engineering (see API, UI, UFI)
UK
United Kingdom
ULSI
Ultra Large Scale Integration
Ultra Comput er
principle for high-resolution modeling of a "virtual earth" (NEC & JSTA)
UMA
Unlicensed Mobile Access: NW architecture, dual band GSM / Wifi technology (see UMAC)
UMA
Unified Memory Architecture (see SMBA, UML)
UMA
United Media Agencies (see ACC, CCB)
UMAC
UMA Consortium: to promote the UMA technology (mobility)
UMB
Upper Memory Block
Universal Media Disc : 1,8 Gigabyte (Sony)
UMD
UML
Unified Modeling Language (refines components in a workflow sequence)(see BPML)
a common language for unifying the concern about definition, deployment, control …
UMLS
Unified Medical Language System (www.nem.nih.gov/mesh/)
UMM
Unified Maturity Model (see CMM, CMMI, PSAUMM)
UMP
Ultra Mobile Projector
UMPC
Ultra Mobile PC: ultra-compact PC with a sensitive screen (see MID, Origami )
UMS
Unified Messaging Service (Universal Internet Box containing voice, fax and mail)
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (mobile phone) (see EDGE, (E)GPRS, UWB)
UN
United Nations (see 3P, UNESCO, UNICEF)
UNC
Universal Naming Connection
UNCITRAL
UN Commission on International Trade Law
UNCTAD
UN Commission / Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP
UN Development Programme
UNE
Unbundled Network Element
UN/EDIFACT UN Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce, Transport
UNEP
UN Unvironment Program
UNESCAP
UN Economic & Social Commission for Asia & Pacific
UNESCO
UN Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (www.unesco.org)
UNHCR
UN High Commissioner for Refugees
UNHDR
UN Human Development Report
UNI
User Network Interface
UNICEF
UN Children's Fund, 1946 (www.unicef.org)
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Unicode
UNICORE
UNIMATE
UNIVAC
UNIX
Unicode Worldwide Character Standard (see EBCDIC)
UNIform Interface to COmputing Resources
UNIversal MATE, the first manipulating robot (Engelberger, 1961. Patent F.C. Devol, 1954)
UNIVersal Automatic Computer (1951: first marketed computer) (see ENIAC)
Uniplexed Information & Computer Service is a multi-tasks/multi-users typed command based
OS (non GUI system) developed in 1969. Updated many times (see Linux)
UNWTO
UN World Tourism Organization
UOCD
User Oriented Collaborative Design
UPC
Universal Product Code
UPC
Usage Parameter Control
UPI
Universal Portable Interface (SAP)
UPS
Uninterruptible Power Supply
UPT
Universal Personal Telecommunication
UQ (Fr)
Unité de Quantité
ur
your (see cu , IL)
URI
Uniform Resource Identifier (see URL, URN)
URI
Universal Resource Identifier
URL
Uniform Resource Locator (see URI, URN)
URN
Uniform Resource Name (see URI, URL)
US
Unified Security : new trend in the domain (see UAC)
US
United States
USA
United States of America
USB
Universal Serial Bus (see WUSB).
USB2
USB 2nd generation
US-CERT
United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (http://www.us-cert.gov/)
USD
Unpopular Software Detection
Useful life
expected usefulness of an asset lifecycle: costs are assigned to that anticipated profitable period.
Usenet
USEr NETwork: created in 1979 by 5 US students for exchanging information (www.usenet-fr.net)
USIA
United States Information Agency
USMTF
United States MTF
USOC
Uniform Service Ordering Code
USP
Unique Selling Proposition (it's related to the market positioning strategy)
USPS
United States Postal Service (see also DPC and CR&DPC)
USPTO
United States Patent & Trade Mark Office
USSGL/SGL United States Standard General Ledger (http://fms.treas.gov/ussgl/index.html)
US TDA
US Trade & Development Agency
UT
Universal Time (see UTC)
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time: standard based on International Atomic Time (see CUT, TAI, GMT)
UTF
Unicode Transmission Format
Utility Internet Internet is more and more like what gas and electricity are for their users (see commodity )
UTM
Unified Threat Management (technologies)
UTM
Universal Threat Management
UTMA
Unified Threat Management Appliances
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair
UUP
Unified User Profile
UV
Ultra-Violet (radiation)
UWB
Ultra Wide Band (low energy consumption system for the broadcasting of ultra short pulses. It
is supposed to easily pass the UMTS performances)
UX
User eXperience (see FUI)
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
V
VAC
Variance At Completion (see EV, ACWP, BAC, BCWP, BCWS, EAC)
VAE (Fr)
Valorisation des Acquis Expérientiels (France) (see ROE, ROK, ROP)
*.vag
PS2 / PSP sound format (sound file format)
VAI
Video-Assisted Instruction
Valuation plan (Asset accting)
is added to FI as a set of specific data of asset accounting
Value Chain activities creating value & CA (see SCM, c-SCM)
VAN
Value Added Network
VAP
Value Added Process
VaR
Value-At-Risk (see US)
VAR
Value Added Reseller (see VAS)
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Varbinary
Variant
Bit Varying (SQL)
group of selection criteria field entries which have been saved for a later use. They can be set for open posting
periods. Every CyCd has its own variant BUT identical variants may be used in several CyCd.
VAS
Value Added Service (see VAR)
VAT
Value Added Tax(es). Fr : TVA. Dutch : BTW
VAW
Violence Against Women (civil and professional sociology, criminality)
VBA
Visual Basic for Application
VBDTC
Visual Basic Data Transfer Code
VBE
Visual Basic Editor
VBI
Vertical Blanking Interval
VBM
Value Based Management (see VCM)
VBP
Visual Basic Project
VBR
Variable Bit Rate (see ABR, CBR)
VC
Value Chain : value is made in the supply chain (see c-SCM, SCEM, SCM, VCI and KVC)
VC
Venture Capital (see seed money )
VC
Virtual Camera
VC
Virtual Community (see VO)
VC
Volunteer Computing (see Grid Computing )
vCard
or Versitcard, electronic biz card file format. Sometimes called virtual Card (see hCard, Versit)
VCC
Voice Call Continuity: IMS 3GPP for mobility
VCE
Versatile Calendar Extension
*.vce
Versatile Calendar Extension (file)
VCI
Value Chain Innovation (WEB/WEB2.0 is changing SCM and c-SCM)
VCI
Virtual Channel Identifier
VCL
Visual Library Component
VCM
Value Chain Management (see KVC, ROV, SCM, VCI, VCS, VBM)
VCS
Value Chain System (see ROV, SCEM, SCM, VCM)
VDI
Virtual Device Interface (see EDV)
VDM
Virtual Device Metafile
VDP
Voluntary Disclosure Program: a WB program to fight fraud and corruption in Bank operations
VDT
Visual Display Terminal
VDU
Visual Display Unit
*.vdx
Visio XML files (see *.vsd)
vector
phenomenon having 2 independent properties: magnitude and direction
Veep
VIP (US familiar way of saying)
veiled Web
designates sophisticated attacks exploiting files vulnerabilities to incorporate hidden contents
VEP
Virtual European Parliament
VER
VERsion (DOS command)
VERA
Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (http://sunsite.ualberta.ca)
Versit
multivendor consortium (Apple Computer, AT&T, IBM, Siemens in 1990s) for PDI technology (see vCard)
VESA
Video Electronics Standards Association
VESDA
Very Early Smoke Detection Alarm (security)
VF
Virtual Field
V(F)D
Virtual (Field) Device (see EDV)
VFM
Value For the Money
VGA
Video Graphics Array (screen specs)
VHDL
Very high-speed integrated circuit Hardware Description Language
VHDs
Virtual Hard Disks
VHP
Very High Frequency (see VLF)
VHSI
Very High Scale Integration
VI
Virtual Intelligence (see AI, SETI)
VI
Virtual Interactivity (see P2V, VL)
VIBE
Virtual Interactive Business Environment (realistically simulated business contexts)
Vishing
Voice scam (on the telephone, VoIP)
VIKI
Virtual Interactive Kinetic Intelligence
VIP
Very Important Person (first concept)
Link them : a person identifies
VIP
Very Important Product (new marketing concept)
himself in his consuming behavior !
VIP
Very Important Page (a recurrent FBC>s title for important communication)
Virtual organ ization
network of independent companies to realize specific / recurrent goals
Virtual PC
virtualization: technology allowing one physical PC / server to act like many separate computers
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Virus
Vista
VITA
VITAL
VIV (*.viv)
VL
VLAN
VLB
VLC
VLDB
VLG
VLF
VLIW
VLM
Vlog
VLSI
VLT
VM
VM
VM
VMCP
VME
VME
VMEbus
VMI
VML
VML
VMM
VMS
VMS
VMS
VMS
VMU
VMware
VNA
VNS
VO
VO
VO
VOB / *.vob
vocab
VoD
Vodcasting
VoFi
VoIP
Volume
Vortal
VoW
VoWiFi
VoWLAN
VP
VPD
VPDE
VPI
VPI
VPLS
VPN
VPP
VPS
VQB
code / program replicating itself by being copied to other programs (troubles could follow)
(highly criticized) MS Windows 6 (2006/2007/2008/2009) (see Windows 7)
VMEbus International Trade Association
Virtually Integrated Technical Architecture Lifecycle
VivoActive (file)
Virtual Life (see AI, RL, VW, Second Life )
Virtual LAN (see BAN, LAN, PAN, WAN, WLAN)
VESA Local Bus
Virtual Logic Controller
Very Large DB
Very Large Grid
Very Low Frequency (see VHP)
Very Long Instruction Word
Vector Markup Language
videoblog (Blog link to a video)
Very Large Scale Integration (IC)
Very Large Telescope
Virtual Machine (see P2V)
Virtual Memory
Vulnerability Management (see RM)
VM Control Program (IBM)
VersaModular Eurocard (circuit board that uses a 96-pin plug)
Virtual Mode Extension (see P2V)
bus (computer data path) added for use in traffic control systems
Vendor-Managed Inventory (a possible service extension as from the CRM)
Virtual Memory Linking
Vector Markup Language (MS, HP)
Virtual Memory Manager (WIN)
Virtual Machine System
Virtual Memory System
Virtual Modelling System
Visual Memory System (see VMU)
Visual Memory Unit (see VMS)
branding of Virtual Machine software. WMware Inc. is a subsidiary of EMC Corp.
Virtual Network Architecture
Virtual Network Service
Virtual Organization (FBWPA : www.fbc-e.com)(see AI, VC, VR, VL, Second Life )
Virtual Office (+ 10 million home workers in USA) (see SOHO)
Voice Over (voice added to the picture, the movie, the IP) (see VOIP)
DVD movies are stored in VOB files
vocabulary
Video On Demand (see NVoD)
"video Podcasting "
Voice over WiFi: merging VoIP and WiFi (see VoW, VoWiFi)
Voice over Internet Protocol (see ToIP, VoW, VoWiFi)
Hard Disk storage area
Vertical Portal (specialized Portal )
Voice over Wireless: merge of VoIP and Wi-Fi (see VoFi)
Voice over WiFi : designates a Wi-Fi-supported VoIP service (see VoFi)
Voice over WLAN
Vice President (see Veep )
Vital Product Data
Videotex Presentation Data Element (see BTX)
Virtual Path Identifier (see P2V)
Visual Programming Interface
Virtual Private LAN Service
Virtual Private Net(work) (see DVCP, CoS, PVC, QoS): something confidential crooks are searching for!
Virtual Presence Post
Video Programming System
Visual Query Builder (Borland IntraBuilder)
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V2R or VTOR
VR
VR
VRAM
VRB
VRDB
VRML
VRML
VROOM
VRS
VRT
VS
VSAFE
VSAM
VSAT
VSC
*.vsd
VSD
VSE
VSE
VSH
VSO
VSYNC
VST
VStZ (Fr)
VTC
VTE
VTOR or V2R
VTL
Vtrain
VU (meter)
VV&T
VXD
VW
VWP
VWC
Vyatta
Virtual To Reality
Virtual Reality (FBWPA: www.fbc-e.com)(see AI, MOO, MUD, mudding , VL, VO, Second Life )
Voice Recognition
Video RAM
Visual Report Builder (Borland IntraBuilder)
Virus Recovery Database (built in an Anti-Virus SW)
VR Markup Language (3D)
Virtual Reality Modeling Language
Virtual Run-Time Object-Oriented Memory Manager (Borland)
Virtual Reality System
Virtual Reality Tool
Virtual Storage (see VTL)
Virus Safe
Virtual Sequential Access Method
Very Small Aperture Terminal (net satellite)
Very Smart Card : smart card new generation
Visio documents (see *.vdx)
Vendor Specific Driver
Very Small Enterprise (see SMB, SME)
Virtual Storage Extended (IBM)
Very Severe Hole
Voluntary Service Overseas
Vertical Synchronization Signal (see HSYNC)
Vector Segment Technology (bio-key from Bio-Key International, Minnesota: www.bio-key.com)
Version de statut de zone
Virtual Training Center (see CBT, WBT)
Virtual Training Environment
Virtual To Reality
Virtual Tape Library (see VS)
Vocabulary Trainer (www.vtrain.net)
Volume Unit (meter)
Verification, Validation and Test: procedure utilized in a project management
Virtual Device Driver (see VS, VTL)
Virtual World (see AI, VL, VO, VR, Second Life )
Virtual Work Place
Variable Warehouse Costs
Open-Source Networking: open-source router , firewall , VPN solution
W
Note: FBWPA = Free Business White Page Available
WWW Consortium (www.w3.org)(see WWW)
WWW Worms (typical NET bugs)
Weighted-Average (process-costing)
Wide Area Application Services
Wide Area Augmentation System: accuracy addition to standard GPS system
Windows Addresses Book (file format). Sometimes called Web Addresses Book
self-replicating malware form
Weighted Average Cost of Capital (Stern Stewart)
Wide Area Data Services
Wireless Application Environnement (see WDN, WDP, WSP, WTLS, WTP)
Woman Accepting Factor (related to the acceptable occupancy volume of a new electronic device)
Wide-Area File Services: storage technology giving access to a remote data center as though it were local.
Wide Area Information Server (NET tool)
WEB Access Management (see IAM)
Wide Area Networks (see BAN, LAN, PAN, SAN, VLAN, WAN, WLAN, WPAN)
Wireless Application Protocol (Nokia, Ericsson, Motorola : GSM connected to the NET)
Weekly Activity Report (see DAR)
Chalked wall indication designating unprotected wireless accesses (security matter)
Roving around enterprises with a wireless modem PC equipped for picking infos or free lines
Workflow And Reengineering International Association (www.waria.com)
FTL speed in Star Trek (www.startrek.com)
Web Application Server (SAP : Java and ABAP motors)
W3C
W4
WA
WAAS
WAAS
*.wab
Wabbit
WACC
WADS
WAE
WAF
WAFS
WAIS
WAM
WAN
WAP
WAR
War chalking
War driving
WARIA
warp speed
WAS
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WAS
WASC
WaSP
watt
*.wav (WAV)
Warm Boot
WB
WBA
WBEM
WBI
WBI
WBL
WBM
WBO
WBS
WBSB
WBT
WCA
W-CDMA
WCG
WCG
WCIT2008
WCLXG
WCM
WCM
WCMS
WCO
WCO
WCSS
WDM
WDM
WDN
WDP
WDSL
WEB
WEB2.0
Web Application Security (see WASC, WHID)
Web Application Security Consortium (http://www.webappsec.org/projects/whid/)
Web Standard Project (see WSP at WaSP: http://webstandards.org/)
unit of electrical power
WAVe Sound (sound sample format)
reset
World Bank (www.worldbank.org)(see VDP)
Web-Based Assessment (see WBL, WBT)
Web-Based Enterprise Management
Web Browsing Intelligence (SW intermediary)
World Bank Institute
Web-Based Learning for JITT (see WBA, WBT)
World Bureau of Marketing sprl/bvba, Brussels (www.fbc-e.com)
Workbench Organizer : create, administer, release, analyze change requests
Work Breakdown Structure. Fr: OTP (Project Management/PM, PMI, PMBOK)(see PBS)
WBS Board (see PBB, SPB)
Web-Based Training (see CAT, CBT, IBT, LCMS, LMS, WBA, WBT)
World Cargo Alliance
Wide-Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) : GSM's evolution demands more wide band
World Community Grid , by IBM (http://www.worldcommunitygrid.org)(see NAREGI, NGI)
World Cyber Game (competition)
World Congress in IT which has been hosted by Malaysia in 2008
W3C Content Label Incubator Group (www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/wcl/XGR-report/)
World Class Manufacturing (example : Kaizen )(see WCO)
Web Content Management (see CM, ECM, TCM)
Web Content Management System (see CM, ECM, TCM)
World Class Organization (see WCM)
World Custom Organization
Worldwide Chain StoreS (IBM link to SAP)
Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (see DWDM, OADM, ONE, SDH, SON, SONET, TDM)
Windows Driver Model (pilot)
Wireless Data Network (see WAE, WDP, WSP, WTLS, WTP)
Wireless Datagram Protocol (see WAE, WDN, WSP, WTLS, WTP)
Web service Description Language
www / World Wide Web or "the Web / WEB" (see CWEB)
Advanced Internet technologies and applications (all conveniences for greater collaboration and
interactivity. See: cloud computing , social software ). Coined by O'reilly.
FBM
Web 2.0-ish having the WEB2.0 characteristics or properties
WEB3.0 or 3D WEB2.0 expected suite: mobility, semantic, 3D (look at Google 3D warehouse)
Web-Based TCO get the operating costs of the hard copy production at the site (HP Web-Based TCO Tool)
Webby Awards
International WEB excellence recognition (see IADAS)
WebDAV
Web-based DAV: interface for allowing the common LMS to operate with any repository (see DASL)
WEBEDI
EDI is made available on the WEB by a company for its partners
Webinar
seminar through the WEB
WebOS
Web Operating System (WEB2.0 subsequent terminology) (see DOS, IOS, OS)
Web surfing see browser , browsing the Web
WEF
World Economic Forum (ex. Global Competitiveness Report)
Windows Enhanced Mode
WEM
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy (see 802.11b)
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
WESP
World Executives Search & Profiling (http://www.xing.com/net/wesp)
Wetware
the human "ware" (brain and nervous system)(see also AR, BAN)
WFB
World Fact Book (CIA)
Windows Foundation Class
WFC
Windows File Protection
WFP
WFP
World Food Programme
WFS
Wave Field Synthesis
WFS
Web Feature Server
WFS
Wired For Sound
WFM
Workflow Management
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WfMC
WG
WGA
WH
WH5
WH+H
whaking
WHID
WHO
WHQL
whsle
WIA
WiDEN
Widgets
Workflow Management Coalition
Working Group
Windows Genuine Advantage (antipiracy program that could detect the non-genuity of your Windows copy)
White House (US)
Who, What, Where, When, Why method (see WH+H): could be conveniently related to BPML
WH5 + How method (FBC>s methodology)
wireless hacking
Web Hacking Incidents Database (http://www.webappsec.org/projects/whid/whid.shtml)
World Health Organization
Windows HW Quality Lab (certification)
wholesale
Windows Image Acquisition
Wideband integrated Dispatch Enhanced Network (see iDEN)
JavaScript runtime engine for Windows & Mac OS X running little files: alarm clocks, calculators,
WiFi signal strength indication, local weather information: http://widgets.yahoo.com/
WIDL
WEB Interface Definition (meta)Language (service-based architecture implementation over the document-based resources of the
WiFi / Wi-Fi Wireless Fidelity (wireless Internet. See also Hotspot, 802.11, WEP, WPA)
Wifi on steroids see WIMAX
WiFi5
Based on the IEEE 802.11a WLAN (5GHz band) products (Wi-Fi Alliance)
Nintendo game released on November 19, 2006,
Wii
Wiki
server program allowing easy collaboration in the building of a Web site (www.wikipedia.org/)
EN. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki, Fr. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki
WikiBiz.biz biz (at) wikibiz.biz (www.fbc-e.com)
Wikibiz.info info (at) wikibiz.info (www.fbc-e.com)
Wikinomics "How mass collaboration changes everything" (Don Tapscott and Anthony D. Williams)
Jan 2001, created by the users Web-based collaborative encyclopedia (see Intellipedia , Wiki ,
Wikipedia
Wikibiz.biz , Wikinomics )
WILD
Wireless Internet Learning Device (see LMS and others)
wildcard
an unforeseenable factor : hummm, really unforeseenable ? (www.fbc-e.com)
WIMAX
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (also called Wifi on steroids )
Windows, Icons, Menus/Mice, Pointing
WIMP
Windows (Microsoft / USA : Bill Gates)
WIN
WIN98 Second Edition
WIN98 SE
Computer Information Manager for WIN
WinCIM
WinCE
WIN95 cut down version (HPC & GSM)
Windows Graphics
WinG
WinHEC
Windows HW Engineering Conference
Windows 7 new Windows. Anticipated year of issuance : 2010 (see VISTA)
Windows NT Windows New Technology
Windows Internet Naming Service
WINS
Windows + Intel
WINTEL
WIP
Work-In-Process (see FG, JIT)
WIPO
World Intellectual Property Organization (see EPO, IP)
WIS
Workflow Information System (to check where a work item is at any time)
WISDOM
Wide In Silico Docking On Malaria (Grid project)
WISER
World Index of Social and Environmental Responsibility
WISP
Wireless ISP
WITSA
World Information Technology and Services Alliance
*.wiz
wizard (file)
Wizard
assisting functionalities
Withholding tax
Withheld part of an invoice reported to the tax authorities (i.e. VAT)
wk
week
Lotus 1-2-3 file
*.wk
Microsoft Works file
*.wks
wl
wavelength
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network (see LAN, PAN, SAN, VLAN, VoWLAN, WAN)
WM
Warehouse Management (see LES - WMS, MM-WM)
Windows Media Audio (sound file format)
*.wma
WMC
Weighted Methods per Class (one of the most popular metrics)
WMD
Weapons of Mass Destruction (does it include the energy grid and / or communication NW ?)
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Windows Media DataBase (file)
*.wmdb
WMF (*.wmf) Windows Metafile Format (graphic file)
Windows Management Instrumentation
WMI
WML
Wireless Mark-up Language
Windows MarketPlace for Mobile
WMM
Windows Media Player
WMP
WMRM
Write Many and Read Many
WMS
Warehouse Management System (see WM)
WMS
Web Map Server
Windows Media Video (file)
*.wmv
Windows File Viewer
WNFV
WNT
Wireless Networking Technology
WOA
Web Oriented Architecture (see ROA, SOA)
Wobulation imaging technology that doubles image resolution (HP)
WODE
Write Once Debug Everywhere (see WORA)
WOFE
Wholly Owned Foreign Enterprise (see FIE)
WOL
Wake-On-Lan (capability)
wolfpack
alias for the Microsoft Cluster Server (see MSCS).
Women day Copenhagen, 8 March 1910, the Women Meeting decision: the date of the International Women's Day
WOMM
Word of Mouth Marketing
WORA
Write Once Run Anywhere (see WODE)
sophisticated flexible text processor, an application being part of Microsoft Office
WORD
Word processing
SAP supports the use of MS WORD as an external word processor : DOC and
RTF are stored in the system but not activated.
Workaholic work being considered as the top virtue creating overachievers.
Workbench Tool for comparing and managing projects and strategies developments
Workflow
Sequence of steps processed by people or automatically by the system. Fr: Séquence d'étapes
traitées par les opérateurs ou automatiquement par le système. Can use E-mail, EDI, ALE.
Work package WBS lowest level deliverable. Fr : OTP
World is flat "The World is Flat" : a Thomas Friedman book. It's about the globalization and continuous competition leveling
worm
standalone working program making clones of itself. Worms try to invade the Net.
WORM
Write Once and Read Many (kind of bug)
WOS
Web Operating System (WEB2.0 subsequent terminology) (see DOS, IOS, OS, WebOS)
WOS
Wireless Office Service (see WIC)
Windows Open Source Architecture
WOSA
WOT
Web Of Trust (see FOAF)
WOTS
see SWOT, COBRA
WoW
World of Warcraft, a pay-to-play MMORPG from Blizzard Entertainment (www.blizzard.com)
WP
Word Processor / Processing
WP
Work Package (project mgmt, PM, PMI, PM BOK, PMO, PSO)
WP
Work Place (see SAS)
WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access (part of 802.11i) to replace WEP
WPAN
Wireless Personal Area Network (see BAN, LAN, LAWN, PAN, SAN, VLAN, WAN)
*.wpd
Word Perfect Document (file), Word Perfect 6.0 & 6.1 (see *.wpf)
*.wpf
Word Perfect 4.2 & 5.1 (see *.wpd)
WordPerfect Graphics Metafile
*.wpg
WPEL4WS
XML-based language (similar to SOAP)(see BPEL, BPEL4WS)
Microsoft solution for delivering rich, cross-platform, interactive experiences
WPF/E
WPG (*.wpg) Word Perfect Graphic
WPPO
World Periodical Press Organization
Works Word Processor (Microsoft Works file extension)
*.wps
WPS
WorkPlace Shell (see CWE)
Windows Printing System
WPS
*.wq1
Quattro Pro / DOS file
WRAM
Windows RAM (dual-ported memory)
*.wri
WordPad Document (texte file format)
WRM
Windows Right Management (see DRM, IRM)
WRP
Workplace Rights Policy (see HR, HRM)
WS
Web Service
WSBI
World Savings Bank Institute
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WSC
WSDL
WSFL
WSH
WSH
WSI
WSIS
WSML
WSN
WSNA
WSP
WSP
WSPP
WSRF
WSRP
WSS
WSS
WSS
WSS
WSUS
wt
wt
WTG
WTI
WTLS
WTO
WTP
WTX (*.wtx)
WTX
WUPS
WUSB
w/w
WW
WWAAC
WWAN
WWDDG
WWDSSHEX
WWF
WWG
WWM
WWRF
WWTW
WWW
WWW
WWW
WWW
WWWM
WYS/WYA
WYS/WYG
Web-Scale Computing
Web Services Definition / Description Language (XML-based Web open standard)
Web Services Flow Language
Windows Service Hardening: the 4-layer Vista security system
Windows Scripting Host (WIN98, NT5,0)
Web Service Inspection
World Summit on the Information Society (Nov. 2005)
Web Services Markup Language
Wireless Sensor Networks (see ENSS)
WSN and Applications (see REALWSN)
Web Standard Project (see WaSP : http://webstandards.org/)
Wireless Session Protocol (see WAE, WDN, WDP, WTLS, WTP)
Workgroup Server Protocol Program
Web Services Resource Framework : OGSI replacement
Web Services for Remote Portals
Web Services Substrate
Wide Screen Signalling
Windows SharePoint Services
Wireless Systems Security (see ICE)
Windows System Update Services (generally server-based)
warrant
weight
Way-To-Go (Project Management, PGC's slogan and global methodology designation)
Web Telephony Integration (weetee)(example : http://wti.dmoon.be/)
Wireless Transport Layer Security (see WAE, WDN, WDP, WSP, WTP)
World Trade Organization. Fr : OMC = Organisation Mondiale du Commerce
Wireless Transaction Protocol (see WAE, WDN, WSP, WTLS, WTP)
Win Text (file)
Workstation Technology eXtended (format)
Western Union Payment System
Wireless USB
wall to wall
Wild West: remembering the Far-West where no one was to be trusted (see the "red" WWW)
World-Wide Augmentative & Alternative Communication (project for Internet access by impaired persons)
Wireless Wide Area Networks (see LAN, PAN, SAN, VLAN, WAN, WLAN, WPAN)
World Wide Distributed Data Grids (see Grid Computing )
Weather Working Days, Saturday, Sunday, Holidays Excepted
World Wide Fund for Nature
World Wide Grid (see Grid Computing )
Wireless Warehouse Management
Wireless World Research Forum
Worldwide Technology Watch
Watching Wicked Women : definition for the Web nude pages addicted surfers.
World Wide Wait … when that doesn't run quick enough ! (see Nyetscape )
World Wide Web (see W3C) … the real definition!
Wild West Web: the Internet would be impossible to regulate when trespassing national borders (global medium)
WWW Marketing (see MoMo , Mobile Marketing , Mobblogging )
What You See Is What You Ask
What You See Is What You Get
X
X2
X.400
X.500
XA
XALS
XAML
XAPIA
Xapps
XBM
XBRL
modem protocol (US Robotics)
International message -handling standard for connecting email network to each other (UIT-T ptcl)
International message-handling standard for directory service
eXtended Architecture (CD-ROM XA)
eXtended Application Layer Structure
eXtensible Application Markup Language (see xCBL, XFDL, XKMS, XML)
X.400 API Association
Cross Applications
X-Windows Bitmap (see BMP)
eXtended Business Reporting Language
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xCBL
XCMD
XCMOS
XCP
xDAP
XDR
xDSL
XERP
XFCN
XFDL
XFN
XGA
XHTML
XI
XIF (*.xif)
XKMS
*.xla
*.xlb
*.xlc
*.xlk
*.xll
*.xlm
*.xls
*.xlt
*.xlw
*.xm
XMI
XML *.xml
XMM ©
XMP
XMPP
XMS
XOM
XNS
XOR (Fr)
XORP
*.xp
XP
XPATH
XPDK
XPDL
XPM (*.xpm)
XLS
XSF
XSLT
XSS
XT
XTP
XWD
XXL
XML Common Business Library (see also CBL)
eXternal CoMmanD (Apple Hypercard lang.)
eXtended CMOS
eXtended Copy Protection : SW preventing the CD copy (see RID)
XML-MTF Dissemination and Presentation
eXternal Data Representation
Digital Subscriber Line (see ADSL, SDSL)
eXtended ERP
eXternal FunCtioN (Apple Hypercard lang.)
Extensible Forms Description Language (special use of XML)
XHTML Friends Network
eXtended Graphic Array
Extensible HyperText Markup Language (see XML)
eXchange Infrastructure
Xerox Image Format (file)
XML Key Management Specification (see PKI)
Excel additional macros (file)
Excel tool bar (file)
Excel graphic file
Excel back-up file
Excel additional macros (file)
Excel macros (file)
Excel format (file)
Excel models file
Excel 4.0 environment file
FastTracker 2 modules (sound file format)
XML MetaData Interchange
eXtensible Markup Language (not fixed like HTML, XHTML)
eXtended Management Map (FBC>s ) (FBWPA : www.fbc-e.com)(see also "41")
eXtensible Metadata Platform (developed by Adobe)
eXtensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (http://www.xmpp.org/)(see XSF)
Extended Memory Specification
eXternal Output Management (see OMS, LOMS, ROMS)
Xerox Network Service
opérateur logique "ou exclusif" (voir OR et AND)
Extensible Open Router Platform
eXternal Procedure (EasyCad)
eXtreme Programming (www.xprogramming.com)
XML PATH language (open standard)
Cross Platform Developers Kit
format for process design interchange: www.ebizq.net/hot_topics/bpm/features/7852.html
X-Windows Pix Map
eXtensible Style Sheet Language (data driver)
XMPP Standards Foundation
XML Stylesheet Language (transforming language open standard)
Cross-Site Scripting : attack method (see ICE, WHID)
eXtended Technology (IBM PC type)
eXternal Transaction Processor
X-Windows Dump
eXtended eXport of Lists
Y
Y2K
Year 2000 (Millenium bug syndrom) (FBWPA : [email protected])
doomsdate = calendar that causes errors
What's a
domino effect = non-Y2K-compliant system that bugs a Y2K-compliant system
Pay attention to something "worst than the domino effect" : the speed acceleration
within the enterprises and society organization. Plus de propagation phenomenon.
leap second = one more second to be added at the end of 1999 -before the Y2K !and to be programmed in PCs managing military equipments, satellites, etc …
orphan application = SW developped by a company that doesn't exist any more.
It could be a problem during an EAI implementation.
DB address res_acro_d001_e.pdf
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FBC>s / Dan C. Renson 2/10/2009
YAAS
YAHOO
YAM
YATLA
YAUN
Yettie
YMD
YMODEM
YOYO
Yottaoctet
*.ypl
*.yps
YTD
Y-WAY
Time Bomb=Y2K book of Ed and Jennifer Yourdon (Prentice Hall Computer Books)
Y2KBB = Y2K Bug Buster (system and/or SW)
Web sites
www.score.org = service of retired executives
www.year2000.com = clearinghouse of Y2K information
See also : CDC, COBRA, MRRS, MSY2KFAQ, NIST, SEC.
Yet Another Acronym Server
Yet Another Hierarchically Organized Oracle
Yet Another Modem
Yet Another Three Letter Acronym (see TLA)
Yet Another Unix Nerd
Young Entrepreneur of Technologies (e-Economy & start-up jargon)
Year-Month-Date (ISO 8601) i.e. 2009-10-26
File transfer protocol
You're On Your Own (Net jargon)(see IL)
1024 x Zettaoctets (see Bit, Mega, Giga, Tera, Peta, Exa)
Yahoo Player Playlist ( file extension)
Yahoo Instant Messenger (file extension)
Year-To-Date
Information Wide Area Year (GRID computing experimentation) (see FAFNER)
Z
Z
Atmic number
z 42-013 Afnor electronic archiving norm (CD-R, DVD-R, TrueWORM, Permanent WORM, UDO, Blu-Ray …)
ZA
Zen Attitude (see CSF)
ZA
Zero Administration (networking)
ZAD
Zero Administration Deployment (see AND)
ZAI
Zero Administration Initiative
Zero Administration Kit (Microsoft)
ZAK
ZAPP
Zero Assignment Parallel Processor
Zero Administration for Windows (Microsoft)
ZAW
ZBB
Zero-Based Budgeting (mgmt)
ZBB
Zero-Bug Bounce
Zilog Bulletin Board Service
ZBBS
ZBR
Zero Bug Release
ZBT
Zero Balance Transfer
ZBTSI
Zero Byte Time Slot Interchange
ZCC
Zero Core Contribution
ZCS
Zero Code Suppression
ZD
Zero Defect (production concept)(see EFQM, QA, QC, QM, TQM …)
ZD
Ziff-Davis
Zero Effort Network (Novell)
ZEN
Zero Effort Networks for users (NOVELL)
Zen Works
Zero-based budgeting
reconsideration of the budget every year as from the base "zero" (or from "scratch")
Zero-day
Emergency
Response Team: security pros offering unofficial patches during malware attacks
ZERT
Zetaoctet
1024 x Exaoctets (see Yottaoctet and Bit, Mega, Giga, Tera, Peta, Exa)
ZI
Zenographics Inquiry (program calling the SCSI card)
ZIF
Zero Insertion Force
ZIGBEE
Low cost, high level short range transmission protocol based on IEEE 802.15.4 (see Blue tooth)
ZIP (*.zip)
Compression (file) (Nico MAK Computing) (see compress , archiving , RAR)
ZIS
Zone Information Socket
ZISC
Zero Instruction Set Computer
ZIT
Zone Information Table
ZLE (S)
Zero Latency Enterprise (Solution) : quick / real-time view of the business
(MS) Zero Mainframe Footprint
ZMF
ZMODEM
File transfer protocol
zombie attack Spybot variant propagating more effectively (see RBB)
zombies NW malware invaded PC network forwarding large quantities of spam
ZOO
Zone Operation Organisation
Microsoft portable digital media player (November 2006)
Zune
ZV
Zoom Video (port)
DB address res_acro_d001_e.pdf
Page 103
FBC>s / Dan C. Renson 2/10/2009
FBC>s
Future-Based Consultancy & Solutions
International Organizational Change & Knowledge Management
Brussels (BE), Denver (USA), Vichy (FR)
a division of WBM sprl, BE 0887 177 044
Pacific Building Central Office
14 / 1403, Willems Street
B-1210 Brussels, Belgium
Phone
322 230 9590
Mobile
32 (0) 476 521 060
email
fbc-s (at) fbc-e (dot) com (robots won't take it that way !)
URL FBC>s www.fbc-e.com
URL KMiB http://www.knowledgeboard.com/open_groups/km_in_belgium/
email
dcrenson1 (at) km-community (dot) be
blog
http://bizz-exert.blogspot.com
Strive in action (Fr)
blog
http://groups.google.be/group/knowledge2be
Knowledge to be (En)
blog
http://web2bizclub.blogspot.com/
WEB2.0 discussion (En)
DB address res_acro_d001_e.pdf
Page 104
FBC>s / Dan C. Renson 2/10/2009
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