# Characterization of Impedance and Current Flow

```Characterization of
Impedance and Current
Flow in the Human Body as
a Function of Connectedness
to Earth Ground
Stephen Elliott – President &amp; Life Scientist, COHERENCE
Original Research Interest
&frac34;Determine if humans and Earth (ground) are
electrically “involved”.
(Does the human body “desire” connectedness
with Earth?)
&frac34;If so, to what benefit?
&frac34;Characterize the involvement...
Summary
Body Z
AC Current Flow (Amps)
+40 mV AC
Source: Wikipedia
0.00001000
0.00000900
0.00000800
0.00000700
0.00000600
0.00000500
~34X
0.00000400
0.00000300
0.00000200
0.00000100
0.00000000
101
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 310K
0 31 32
Resistance to Earth
12000
AC Current
R1
Resistance (Ohms)
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
R1
190 ohms
0
101
Resistance to Earth
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29
10K
Body Impedance &amp; Current Flow Change Dramatically With
Connectedness To Earth Ground.
Method
Human subject lies on conductive surface
R1
Variable
resistor
Fine copper mesh (4 x 6 feet) on
surface that is isolated from ground
Agilent 3458A
Ultra
Performance
Multimeter
GPIB
PC
Excel
Logs resistance
and voltage
Dedicated 8ft ground rod in close
proximity – heavy gauge wire.
1.
Resistance value is set.
5. Resistance value is changed and the process is repeated
2.
“Open” voltage is recorded.
6. From these measurements the following are derived
3.
Participant lies on conductive surface.
a. Total current
4.
Voltage across resistance is measured.
b. Total impedance, body impedance
5.
Open voltage is subtracted from participant value
to eliminate environmental induction.
c. Power
Current &amp; Power Curves
0.00001000
0.006000
0.00000900
0.005000
0.00000800
0.00000700
0.004000
Current if linear
0.003000
(Amps)
0.002000
0.00000600
Current as observed
0.00000500
(Amps)
0.00000400
0.00000300
0.00000200
0.001000
0.00000100
0.000000
10
10K
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
32
Resistance to Earth
0.00000000
1 2
10
Resistance to Earth
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 10K
31 32
0.0000000250
0.000160
0.000140
0.0000000200
0.000120
0.000100
Power if linear
(Watts)
0.0000000150
Power as observed
(Watts)
0.000080
0.0000000100
0.000060
0.000040
0.0000000050
0.000020
0.0000000000
0.000000
32
10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 3110K
Resistance to Earth
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
32
10
10K
Resistance to Earth
12000
0.00400000
10K ohms
10000
Resistance of R1
Voltage across R1
0.00250000
6000
3.6mV
0.00350000
0.00300000
(Ohms)
8000
peaks 1000 ohms
(Volts)
0.00200000
0.00150000
4000
2000
0
1000
10 ohms
500
190
10
10K
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
32
Resistance to Earth
0.00001000
0.00000900
0.00100000
0.00050000
0.00000000
10
10K
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17to
18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
32
Resistance
Earth
0.0000000250
peaks at 190 ohms
9&micro;A
0.00000800
peaks at 500 ohms
22nW
0.0000000200
0.00000700
0.00000600
0.00000500
Current through R1
0.0000000150
(Watts)
(Amps)
0.00000400
Power across R1
0.0000000100
0.00000300
0.00000200
0.0000000050
0.00000100
0.00000000
31 32
101 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 10K
Resistance to Earth
0.0000000000
101 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
10K
32
Resistance to Earth
Body Impedance As A Function of Resistance To Ground
250000
10M ohms
Body Impedance (Ohms)
10K
200000
10 ohms
150000
20
Minimum Body Impedance And Maximum Current
Occurs When Resistance To Ground Is ~190 Ohms
100000
5K
~34X Reduction In 190 ohms
30
50000
6400
0
40
50
60
100
190 ohms
250
2K
1K
~4900
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
10K
External Resistance Between Body And Ground – Value of R1 (Ohms)
The Body Has A Relatively Flat Response To Resistance Values
Between 60 and 1000 Ohms
Status
&frac34; Body impedance/current flow (or energy production) can be
modulated by changing electrical connectedness to Earth.
&frac34; You can feel it!
&frac34; The range where current is maximized is between 60 and 1000
ohms and peaks at ~190 ohms.
&frac34; Why this range? Vertebrate biology?
&frac34; Lowering body impedance allows us to see electrical activity that
is otherwise not visible.
&frac34; Is having less impedance and more current flow in the body
desirable?
&frac34; I have some thoughts on this.....
&frac34; Does modulating impedance modify other biometrics? (work in
progress)
&frac34; What does the spectral analysis look like?
Bio-current of Spontaneous Kriya
Bio-current of Breathing
Status
&frac34; Body impedance/current flow (or energy production) can be
modulated by changing electrical connectedness to Earth.
&frac34; You can feel it!
&frac34; The range where current is maximized is between 60 and 1000
ohms and peaks at ~190 ohms.
&frac34; Why this range? Vertebrate biology?
&frac34; Lowering body impedance allows us to see electrical activity that
is otherwise not visible.
&frac34; Is having less impedance and more current flow in the body
desirable?
&frac34; I have some thoughts on this.....
&frac34; Does modulating impedance modify other biometrics? (work in
progress)
&frac34; What does the spectral analysis look like?
One Last Word...
If you are compelled to try this,
drive a dedicated ground rod
and don’t use the “AC” ground.
Second, for safety, when in
contact with ground, avoid
touching other AC applicances.
The Data
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
Value of R1
Ohms
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
300
400
500
1000
2000
5000
10000
10000000
Surface
Volts AC
0.000012
0.000015
0.000016
0.000017
0.000019
0.000024
0.000029
0.000037
0.000045
0.000011
0.000047
0.000085
0.000059
0.000109
0.000135
0.000198
0.000280
0.000390
0.000287
0.000490
0.000501
0.000518
0.000551
0.000591
0.000618
0.000818
0.001354
0.001839
0.003728
0.005721
0.007139
0.007955
0.014212
Body On Surface
Volts AC
0.000015
0.000020
0.000035
0.000066
0.000125
0.000265
0.000437
0.000547
0.000641
0.000711
0.000864
0.001013
0.001022
0.001229
0.001368
0.001505
0.001629
0.001826
0.001950
0.002043
0.002319
0.002373
0.002446
0.002641
0.002724
0.003241
0.004285
0.005166
0.007408
0.008659
0.009295
0.009701
0.053203
Impedance of meter
Delta
Volts AC
0.00000256
0.00000560
0.00001823
0.00004929
0.00010510
0.00024135
0.00040771
0.00051061
0.00059629
0.00069975
0.00081632
0.00092824
0.00096373
0.00111966
0.00123259
0.00130665
0.00134875
0.00143644
0.00166320
0.00155336
0.00181830
0.00185577
0.00189506
0.00205017
0.00210586
0.00242298
0.00293082
0.00332699
0.00368090
0.00293743
0.00215602
0.00174576
0.03899076
Current Amps
Amps
0.00000026
0.00000028
0.00000061
0.00000123
0.00000210
0.00000402
0.00000582
0.00000638
0.00000663
0.00000700
0.00000742
0.00000774
0.00000741
0.00000800
0.00000822
0.00000817
0.00000793
0.00000798
0.00000875
0.00000777
0.00000866
0.00000844
0.00000824
0.00000854
0.00000842
0.00000808
0.00000733
0.00000665
0.00000368
0.00000147
0.00000043
0.00000017
0.00000000
Power (R1)
Watts
0.0000000000
0.0000000000
0.0000000000
0.0000000001
0.0000000002
0.0000000010
0.0000000024
0.0000000033
0.0000000040
0.0000000049
0.0000000061
0.0000000072
0.0000000071
0.0000000090
0.0000000101
0.0000000107
0.0000000107
0.0000000115
0.0000000146
0.0000000121
0.0000000157
0.0000000157
0.0000000156
0.0000000175
0.0000000177
0.0000000196
0.0000000215
0.0000000221
0.0000000135
0.0000000043
0.0000000009
0.0000000003
0.0000000002
Total Impedance
Ohms
152188
139250
64157
31641
18549
9693
6694
6109
5885
5572
5254
5041
5260
4875
4745
4774
4914
4886
4454
5020
4503
4622
4732
4564
4629
4828
5321
5860
10593
26548
90423
223345
10000000
Body Impedance
Ohms
152178
139230
64127
31601
18499
9633
6624
6029
5795
5472
5144
4921
5130
4735
4595
4614
4744
4706
4264
4820
4293
4402
4502
4324
4379
4528
4921
5360
9593
24548
85423
213345
0
The End
Thank You!
```