The Employment Situation - April 2015

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Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 8, 2015
USDL-15-0838
Technical information:
Household data:
(202) 691-6378 • [email protected] • www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 • [email protected] • www.bls.gov/ces
Media contact:
(202) 691-5902 • [email protected]
THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION — APRIL 2015
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in April, and the unemployment rate was
essentially unchanged at 5.4 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains
occurred in professional and business services, health care, and construction. Mining employment
continued to decline.
Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted,
April 2013 – April 2015
Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment over-the-month
change, seasonally adjusted, April 2013 – April 2015
Percent
9.0
Thousands
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
Apr-13
Jul-13
Oct-13
Jan-14
Apr-14
Jul-14
Oct-14
Jan-15
Apr-15
Apr-13
Jul-13
Oct-13
Jan-14
Apr-14
Jul-14
Oct-14
Jan-15
Apr-15
Household Survey Data
In April, both the unemployment rate (5.4 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (8.5
million) were essentially unchanged. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of
unemployed persons were down by 0.8 percentage point and 1.1 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Asians increased to 4.4 percent. The rates
for adult men (5.0 percent), adult women (4.9 percent), teenagers (17.1 percent), whites (4.7 percent),
blacks (9.6 percent), and Hispanics (6.9 percent) showed little or no change in April. (See tables A-1,
A-2, and A-3.)
The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks increased by 241,000 to 2.7 million in April.
The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) changed little at 2.5
million, accounting for 29.0 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of longterm unemployed has decreased by 888,000. (See table A-12.)
In April, the civilian labor force participation rate (62.8 percent) changed little. Since April 2014, the
participation rate has remained within a narrow range of 62.7 percent to 62.9 percent. The employmentpopulation ratio held at 59.3 percent in April and has been at this level since January. (See
table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 6.6 million in April, but is down by 880,000 from a
year earlier. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See
table A-8.)
In April, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed over the year.
(The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were
available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See
table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 756,000 discouraged workers in April, little different from
a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in April had not searched for work for reasons such as school
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 223,000 in April, after edging up in March (+85,000). In
April, employment increased in professional and business services, health care, and construction, while
employment in mining continued to decline. (See table B-1.)
Professional and business services added 62,000 jobs in April. Over the prior 3 months, job gains
averaged 35,000 per month. In April, services to buildings and dwellings added 16,000 jobs, following
little change in March. Employment continued to trend up in April in computer systems design and
related services (+9,000), in business support services (+7,000), and in management and technical
consulting services (+6,000).
Health care employment increased by 45,000 in April. Job growth was distributed among the three
major components—ambulatory health care services (+25,000), hospitals (+12,000), and nursing and
residential care facilities (+8,000). Over the past year, health care has added 390,000 jobs.
Employment in construction rose by 45,000 in April, after changing little in March. Over the past 12
months, construction has added 280,000 jobs. In April, job growth was concentrated in specialty trade
contractors (+41,000), with employment gains about evenly split between the residential and
nonresidential components. Employment declined over the month in nonresidential building
construction (-8,000).
-2-
In April, employment continued to trend up in transportation and warehousing (+15,000).
Employment in mining fell by 15,000 in April, with most of the job loss in support activities for mining
(-10,000) and in oil and gas extraction (-3,000). Since the beginning of the year, employment in mining
has declined by 49,000, with losses concentrated in support activities for mining.
Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail trade,
information, financial activities, leisure and hospitality, and government, showed little change over
the month.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls remained at 34.5 hours in April.
The manufacturing workweek for all employees edged down by 0.1 hour to 40.8 hours, and factory
overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2
and B-7.)
In April, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 cents to
$24.87. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 2.2 percent. Average hourly
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees edged up by 2 cents to $20.90 in
April. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for February was revised from +264,000 to +266,000,
and the change for March was revised from +126,000 to +85,000. With these revisions, employment
gains in February and March combined were 39,000 lower than previously reported. Over the past 3
months, job gains have averaged 191,000 per month.
The Employment Situation for May is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 5, 2015, at
8:30 a.m. (EDT).
-3-
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Change from:
Mar. 2015Apr. 2015
Apr.
2015
Employment status
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force.......................................................... .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed.................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio......................................... .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
247,439
155,420
62.8
145,724
58.9
9,696
6.2
92,019
249,899
157,002
62.8
148,297
59.3
8,705
5.5
92,898
250,080
156,906
62.7
148,331
59.3
8,575
5.5
93,175
250,266
157,072
62.8
148,523
59.3
8,549
5.4
93,194
186
166
0.1
192
0.0
-26
-0.1
19
Unemployment rates
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adult men (20 years and over). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adult women (20 years and over). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Teenagers (16 to 19 years). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity................................................ .
6.2
5.9
5.7
19.1
5.3
11.4
5.9
7.5
5.5
5.2
4.9
17.1
4.7
10.4
4.0
6.6
5.5
5.1
4.9
17.5
4.7
10.1
3.2
6.8
5.4
5.0
4.9
17.1
4.7
9.6
4.4
6.9
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
-0.4
0.0
-0.5
1.2
0.1
Total, 25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Less than a high school diploma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High school graduates, no college. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Some college or associate degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelor’s degree and higher............................................. .
5.2
8.8
6.3
5.6
3.3
4.5
8.4
5.4
5.1
2.7
4.4
8.6
5.3
4.8
2.5
4.5
8.6
5.4
4.7
2.7
0.1
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.2
Reason for unemployment
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers..................................................................... .
Reentrants...................................................................... .
New entrants................................................................... .
5,153
786
2,631
1,052
4,180
884
2,655
972
4,189
875
2,689
815
4,136
828
2,685
868
-53
-47
-4
53
Duration of unemployment
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks.................................................................. .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over............................................................ .
2,451
2,346
1,509
3,413
2,431
2,223
1,335
2,709
2,488
2,312
1,253
2,563
2,729
2,307
1,139
2,525
241
-5
-114
-38
Employed persons at work part time
Part time for economic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons. . ....................................... .
7,460
4,517
2,624
18,915
6,635
3,847
2,426
19,837
6,705
4,069
2,337
19,733
6,580
3,885
2,374
20,056
-125
-184
37
323
Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)
Marginally attached to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers....................................................... .
2,160
783
2,159
732
2,055
738
2,115
756
–
–
- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will
not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced
annually with the release of January data.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
330
313
58
6
41
11
12
0.5
-1
255
14.9
42.7
12.9
-0.8
5
9
72
13.8
39
29.7
45
15
17
266
261
20
-14
31
3
6
3.4
-3
241
10.4
23.1
9.4
0.9
7
9
49
-4.4
61
38.7
61
10
5
85
94
-21
-12
-9
0
1
-0.7
-1
115
9.9
24.5
8.1
1.0
0
7
35
13.2
35
30.6
-6
1
-9
223
213
31
-15
45
1
-1
6.0
2
182
-4.5
12.1
15.2
1.3
3
9
62
16.1
61
55.6
17
6
10
(3-month average change, in thousands)
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
248
237
265
261
184
186
191
189
Category
WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES2
Total nonfarm women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private production and nonsupervisory employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)5
Total private (263 industries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing (80 industries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
49.4
47.9
82.7
49.3
47.9
82.5
49.3
47.9
82.5
49.3
47.9
82.4
34.5
$24.34
$839.73
100.5
0.3
116.8
0.3
34.6
$24.78
$857.39
103.1
0.3
121.9
0.3
34.5
$24.84
$856.98
102.8
-0.3
121.9
0.0
34.5
$24.87
$858.02
103.0
0.2
122.3
0.3
69.8
58.1
62.0
54.4
59.5
45.6
57.0
50.6
Includes other industries, not shown separately.
Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the
service-providing industries.
3
The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate
hours.
4
The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average
aggregate weekly payrolls.
5
Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal
balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
2
Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates
1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?
The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of
employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey employment series
has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household
survey because of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of about
100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically
significant change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a
more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed workers
whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private
household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups. For more information on the differences
between the two surveys, please visit www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.
2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?
It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However, neither the
establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. Therefore,
it is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does include questions which
identify the foreign and native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the
foreign born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of The
Employment Situation news release.
3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?
The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating
additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates.
The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.
On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors
estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax
records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more
information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.
4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?
Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments
with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the
reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and
industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.
5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?
Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net
employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment comes from an
econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based
on the actual past values of the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census
of Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this
purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and
availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.
6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
insurance benefits?
No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households. All persons
who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the
unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.) There
is no requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.
7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
looking for work?
Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job,
including those who are not currently looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged
workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor underutilization (some of which include
discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each
month in table A-15 of The Employment Situation news release. For more information about these
alternative measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.
8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th of the
month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on average weekly hours than
on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period, including
pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates
typically, but not always, results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some
employees may be off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed,
while some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on payroll
employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce employment estimates,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Employees
who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are counted in the payroll
employment figures. For more information on how often employees are paid, please visit
www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-businesses-pay-workers.htm.
In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that includes the 12th
of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-related events are counted as
employed whether or not they are paid for the time off. The household survey collects data on the
number of persons who had a job but were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure
of the number of persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested statistics page,
please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.
Technical Note
This news release presents statistics from two major
surveys, the Current Population Survey (CPS; household
survey) and the Current Employment Statistics survey (CES;
establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and
unemployment that appears in the "A" tables, marked
HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000
eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
The establishment survey provides information on
employment, hours, and earnings of employees on nonfarm
payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each
month from the payroll records of a sample of
nonagricultural business establishments. Each month the
CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and
government agencies, representing approximately 588,000
individual worksites, in order to provide detailed industry
data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on
nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately
one-third of all nonfarm payroll employees.
For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a
particular week or pay period. In the household survey, the
reference period is generally the calendar week that contains
the 12th day of the month. In the establishment survey, the
reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.
Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys
Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect
the entire civilian noninstitutional population. Based on
responses to a series of questions on work and job search
activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in
the labor force.
People are classified as employed if they did any work
at all as paid employees during the reference week; worked
in their own business, profession, or on their own farm; or
worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or
farm. People are also counted as employed if they were
temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.
People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of
the following criteria: they had no employment during the
reference week; they were available for work at that time;
and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime
during the 4-week period ending with the reference week.
Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no
way depend upon the eligibility for or receipt of
unemployment insurance benefits.
The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and
unemployed persons. Those persons not classified as
employed or unemployed are not in the labor force. The
unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent
of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and
the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population. Additional information
about the household survey can be found at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.
Establishment survey. The sample establishments are
drawn from private nonfarm businesses such as factories,
offices, and stores, as well as from federal, state, and local
government entities. Employees on nonfarm payrolls are
those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted
in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production
and nonsupervisory employees. Production and
nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging,
construction workers in construction, and non-supervisory
employees in private service-providing industries.
Industries are classified on the basis of an
establishment’s principal activity in accordance with the
2012 version of the North American Industry Classification
System. Additional information about the establishment
survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.
Differences in employment estimates. The numerous
conceptual and methodological differences between the
household and establishment surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the
surveys. Among these are:

The household survey includes agricultural
workers, self-employed workers whose businesses
are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and
private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment
survey.

The household survey includes people on unpaid
leave among the employed. The establishment
survey does not.

The household survey is limited to workers 16 years
of age and older. The establishment survey is not
limited by age.

The household survey has no duplication of
individuals, because individuals are counted only
once, even if they hold more than one job. In the
establishment survey, employees working at more
than one job and thus appearing on more than one
payroll are counted separately for each appearance.
Seasonal adjustment
Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor
force and the levels of employment and unemployment
undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These events may
result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and
the opening and closing of schools. The effect of such
seasonal variation can be very large.
Because these seasonal events follow a more or less
regular pattern each year, their influence on the level of a
series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal
variation.
These
adjustments
make
nonseasonal
developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to
spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number
of youth entering the labor force each June is likely to
obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to
May, making it difficult to determine if the level of economic
activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about
20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying
employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal
employment changes at the end and beginning of the school
year can be estimated, the statistics can be adjusted to make
underlying employment patterns more discernable. The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with
which to analyze changes in month-to-month economic
activity.
Many seasonally adjusted series are independently
adjusted in both the household and establishment surveys.
However, the adjusted series for many major estimates, such
as total payroll employment, employment in most major
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the
adjusted series for four major age-sex components; this
differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the
duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.
For both the household and establishment surveys, a
concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in
which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using
all relevant data, up to and including the data for the current
month. In the household survey, new seasonal factors are
used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are
used each month to adjust the three most recent monthly
estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year
revisions to historical data are made once a year.
Reliability of the estimates
Statistics based on the household and establishment
surveys are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may
differ from the true population values they represent. The
component of this difference that occurs because samples
differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more
than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally
conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
For example, the confidence interval for the monthly
change in total nonfarm employment from the establishment
survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000. Suppose the
estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from
one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on
the monthly change would range from -55,000 to +155,000
(50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that
there is about a 90-percent chance that the true over-themonth change lies within this interval. Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased
that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employment
rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case,
it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm
employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an
unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent
confidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment
as measured by the household survey is about +/- 300,000,
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/- 0.2 percentage point.
In general, estimates involving many individuals or
establishments have lower standard errors (relative to the
size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations. The precision of estimates
also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.
The household and establishment surveys are also
affected by nonsampling error, which can occur for many
reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents
in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made
by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.
For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for
the most recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns;
for this reason, these estimates are labeled preliminary in the
tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received,
that the estimate is considered final.
Another major source of nonsampling error in the
establishment survey is the inability to capture, on a timely
basis, employment generated by new firms. To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an
estimation procedure with two components is used to
account for business births. The first component excludes
employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains
from business births. This is incorporated into the samplebased estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This
procedure accounts for most of the net birth/death
employment.
The second component is an ARIMA time series model
designed to estimate the residual net birth/death employment
not accounted for by the imputation. The historical time
series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived
from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and
deaths over the past 5 years.
The sample-based estimates from the establishment
survey are adjusted once a year (on a lagged basis) to
universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance
program. The difference between the March sample-based
employment estimates and the March universe counts is
known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy
for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past
decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.
Other information
Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1
Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
TOTAL
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
247,439
154,845
62.6
145,767
58.9
9,079
5.9
92,594
6,088
250,080
156,318
62.5
147,635
59.0
8,682
5.6
93,762
6,065
250,266
156,554
62.6
148,587
59.4
7,966
5.1
93,712
6,096
247,439
155,420
62.8
145,724
58.9
9,696
6.2
92,019
6,173
249,027
156,129
62.7
147,442
59.2
8,688
5.6
92,898
6,445
249,723
157,180
62.9
148,201
59.3
8,979
5.7
92,544
6,358
249,899
157,002
62.8
148,297
59.3
8,705
5.5
92,898
6,538
250,080
156,906
62.7
148,331
59.3
8,575
5.5
93,175
6,369
250,266
157,072
62.8
148,523
59.3
8,549
5.4
93,194
6,258
Men, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119,488
82,104
68.7
77,086
64.5
5,018
6.1
37,384
120,738
83,229
68.9
78,275
64.8
4,954
6.0
37,509
120,831
83,358
69.0
78,996
65.4
4,362
5.2
37,473
119,488
82,580
69.1
77,329
64.7
5,251
6.4
36,908
120,301
83,210
69.2
78,400
65.2
4,810
5.8
37,091
120,559
83,771
69.5
78,869
65.4
4,903
5.9
36,787
120,647
83,772
69.4
79,006
65.5
4,766
5.7
36,875
120,738
83,694
69.3
79,014
65.4
4,680
5.6
37,044
120,831
83,805
69.4
79,203
65.5
4,602
5.5
37,026
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111,027
79,571
71.7
75,059
67.6
4,512
5.7
31,456
112,304
80,533
71.7
76,122
67.8
4,411
5.5
31,771
112,400
80,670
71.8
76,749
68.3
3,921
4.9
31,730
111,027
79,837
71.9
75,163
67.7
4,674
5.9
31,190
111,875
80,271
71.8
76,026
68.0
4,245
5.3
31,603
112,117
80,804
72.1
76,496
68.2
4,308
5.3
31,313
112,209
80,831
72.0
76,588
68.3
4,243
5.2
31,379
112,304
80,752
71.9
76,653
68.3
4,099
5.1
31,552
112,400
80,884
72.0
76,805
68.3
4,079
5.0
31,516
Women, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
127,951
72,741
56.9
68,680
53.7
4,061
5.6
55,210
129,342
73,089
56.5
69,360
53.6
3,729
5.1
56,253
129,434
73,196
56.6
69,591
53.8
3,605
4.9
56,238
127,951
72,840
56.9
68,395
53.5
4,445
6.1
55,111
128,726
72,919
56.6
69,042
53.6
3,878
5.3
55,807
129,165
73,408
56.8
69,332
53.7
4,076
5.6
55,756
129,252
73,230
56.7
69,291
53.6
3,939
5.4
56,023
129,342
73,211
56.6
69,317
53.6
3,894
5.3
56,131
129,434
73,267
56.6
69,320
53.6
3,947
5.4
56,167
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119,760
70,100
58.5
66,452
55.5
3,648
5.2
49,660
121,152
70,374
58.1
67,022
55.3
3,352
4.8
50,779
121,246
70,509
58.2
67,303
55.5
3,206
4.5
50,737
119,760
70,041
58.5
66,076
55.2
3,964
5.7
49,719
120,557
70,111
58.2
66,632
55.3
3,479
5.0
50,446
120,970
70,558
58.3
66,983
55.4
3,575
5.1
50,412
121,060
70,370
58.1
66,901
55.3
3,469
4.9
50,690
121,152
70,330
58.1
66,874
55.2
3,455
4.9
50,823
121,246
70,419
58.1
66,935
55.2
3,483
4.9
50,828
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16,652
5,174
31.1
4,256
25.6
918
17.7
11,478
16,624
5,411
32.5
4,491
27.0
920
17.0
11,213
16,619
5,375
32.3
4,536
27.3
840
15.6
11,244
16,652
5,542
33.3
4,485
26.9
1,057
19.1
11,110
16,595
5,747
34.6
4,784
28.8
963
16.8
10,849
16,636
5,817
35.0
4,722
28.4
1,096
18.8
10,819
16,630
5,801
34.9
4,808
28.9
993
17.1
10,829
16,624
5,824
35.0
4,804
28.9
1,021
17.5
10,800
16,619
5,769
34.7
4,784
28.8
986
17.1
10,849
1
The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1
Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age
WHITE
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASIAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
195,210
122,659
62.8
116,536
59.7
6,123
5.0
72,550
196,482
123,196
62.7
117,178
59.6
6,018
4.9
73,286
196,574
123,089
62.6
117,642
59.8
5,448
4.4
73,484
195,210
123,085
63.1
116,602
59.7
6,483
5.3
72,125
196,091
123,058
62.8
117,186
59.8
5,872
4.8
73,033
196,307
124,119
63.2
118,035
60.1
6,084
4.9
72,189
196,392
123,875
63.1
117,992
60.1
5,883
4.7
72,517
196,482
123,739
63.0
117,886
60.0
5,853
4.7
72,743
196,574
123,510
62.8
117,719
59.9
5,791
4.7
73,064
64,216
72.1
61,097
68.6
3,119
4.9
64,674
72.1
61,538
68.6
3,136
4.8
64,613
72.0
61,870
69.0
2,744
4.2
64,396
72.3
61,161
68.7
3,235
5.0
64,392
71.9
61,551
68.8
2,842
4.4
64,871
72.4
61,953
69.2
2,918
4.5
64,920
72.4
62,015
69.2
2,906
4.5
64,899
72.4
62,023
69.2
2,876
4.4
64,764
72.2
61,919
69.0
2,845
4.4
54,358
58.0
51,984
55.4
2,374
4.4
54,239
57.4
52,027
55.1
2,212
4.1
54,238
57.4
52,115
55.1
2,123
3.9
54,309
57.9
51,761
55.2
2,547
4.7
54,223
57.5
51,824
55.0
2,399
4.4
54,683
57.9
52,267
55.4
2,416
4.4
54,401
57.6
52,105
55.2
2,296
4.2
54,256
57.4
51,998
55.0
2,258
4.2
54,198
57.3
51,912
54.9
2,286
4.2
4,085
33.0
3,455
27.9
630
15.4
4,283
34.7
3,613
29.3
670
15.6
4,239
34.4
3,657
29.7
582
13.7
4,380
35.3
3,680
29.7
701
16.0
4,443
36.0
3,811
30.9
632
14.2
4,565
37.0
3,814
30.9
751
16.4
4,554
36.9
3,872
31.4
682
15.0
4,584
37.2
3,865
31.3
719
15.7
4,548
36.9
3,888
31.5
660
14.5
30,755
18,675
60.7
16,682
54.2
1,993
10.7
12,080
31,257
19,020
60.8
17,117
54.8
1,902
10.0
12,237
31,293
19,380
61.9
17,648
56.4
1,731
8.9
11,913
30,755
18,728
60.9
16,595
54.0
2,133
11.4
12,027
31,040
19,037
61.3
17,050
54.9
1,986
10.4
12,003
31,188
19,040
61.0
17,071
54.7
1,969
10.3
12,148
31,222
19,101
61.2
17,122
54.8
1,979
10.4
12,122
31,257
19,055
61.0
17,129
54.8
1,926
10.1
12,202
31,293
19,397
62.0
17,529
56.0
1,868
9.6
11,896
8,391
66.1
7,520
59.2
872
10.4
8,714
67.2
7,810
60.2
904
10.4
8,868
68.3
8,095
62.3
773
8.7
8,444
66.5
7,543
59.4
901
10.7
8,717
67.8
7,756
60.3
962
11.0
8,676
67.1
7,757
60.0
919
10.6
8,710
67.3
7,805
60.3
905
10.4
8,711
67.2
7,841
60.5
870
10.0
8,926
68.7
8,109
62.5
817
9.2
9,626
62.0
8,722
56.1
903
9.4
9,714
61.5
8,853
56.0
862
8.9
9,868
62.4
9,067
57.3
801
8.1
9,578
61.7
8,606
55.4
972
10.2
9,598
61.2
8,812
56.2
785
8.2
9,667
61.3
8,824
56.0
843
8.7
9,665
61.3
8,809
55.8
857
8.9
9,703
61.4
8,807
55.8
895
9.2
9,792
61.9
8,928
56.4
864
8.8
658
26.2
440
17.5
218
33.2
591
23.7
455
18.2
137
23.1
643
25.8
486
19.5
157
24.4
706
28.0
446
17.7
260
36.8
722
29.0
482
19.4
240
33.2
697
27.9
490
19.6
207
29.7
726
29.1
508
20.4
218
30.0
642
25.7
481
19.3
161
25.0
678
27.2
491
19.7
187
27.5
13,841
14,296
14,290
13,841
13,886
14,253
14,291
14,296
14,290
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age — Continued
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1
Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apr.
2014
8,782
63.4
8,283
59.8
498
5.7
5,059
Mar.
2015
8,967
62.7
8,685
60.7
282
3.1
5,329
Apr.
2015
9,023
63.1
8,644
60.5
379
4.2
5,267
Apr.
2014
8,803
63.6
8,287
59.9
516
5.9
5,038
Dec.
2014
8,771
63.2
8,398
60.5
373
4.2
5,115
Jan.
2015
8,899
62.4
8,540
59.9
359
4.0
5,355
Feb.
2015
9,038
63.2
8,680
60.7
358
4.0
5,253
Mar.
2015
8,934
62.5
8,646
60.5
288
3.2
5,363
1
The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are
introduced annually with the release of January data.
Apr.
2015
9,038
63.3
8,644
60.5
394
4.4
5,251
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1
Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age
HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio.............. .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio.............. .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio.............. .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio.............. .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
38,203
25,028
65.5
23,343
61.1
1,685
6.7
13,175
39,323
25,991
66.1
24,177
61.5
1,814
7.0
13,332
39,405
26,092
66.2
24,443
62.0
1,650
6.3
13,312
38,203
25,159
65.9
23,268
60.9
1,891
7.5
13,044
38,839
25,644
66.0
23,988
61.8
1,656
6.5
13,196
39,165
26,047
66.5
24,305
62.1
1,742
6.7
13,118
39,244
25,962
66.2
24,238
61.8
1,724
6.6
13,282
39,323
26,087
66.3
24,319
61.8
1,768
6.8
13,236
39,405
26,167
66.4
24,354
61.8
1,813
6.9
13,237
13,869
80.3
13,080
75.7
789
5.7
14,407
81.3
13,519
76.3
888
6.2
14,442
81.3
13,646
76.8
796
5.5
13,926
80.6
13,047
75.5
879
6.3
14,264
81.1
13,507
76.8
757
5.3
14,479
82.1
13,647
77.3
832
5.7
14,465
81.8
13,601
76.9
864
6.0
14,465
81.6
13,627
76.9
837
5.8
14,484
81.6
13,614
76.7
870
6.0
10,136
58.7
9,462
54.8
674
6.6
10,453
58.4
9,748
54.4
705
6.7
10,556
58.8
9,876
55.0
680
6.4
10,152
58.8
9,403
54.4
749
7.4
10,168
57.9
9,501
54.1
667
6.6
10,344
58.0
9,704
54.4
640
6.2
10,309
57.7
9,685
54.2
625
6.1
10,435
58.3
9,755
54.5
680
6.5
10,526
58.6
9,802
54.6
725
6.9
1,023
28.0
801
21.9
222
21.7
1,131
30.6
909
24.6
222
19.6
1,094
29.6
920
24.9
174
15.9
1,081
29.6
818
22.4
263
24.3
1,211
32.9
980
26.6
231
19.1
1,224
33.2
954
25.9
270
22.1
1,187
32.2
952
25.8
235
19.8
1,187
32.2
937
25.4
250
21.1
1,157
31.3
938
25.4
218
18.9
The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted
columns.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the
release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Educational attainment
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Less than a high school diploma
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10,946
44.9
10,006
41.0
940
8.6
11,113
45.2
10,067
40.9
1,046
9.4
11,544
46.6
10,577
42.7
967
8.4
10,796
44.2
9,849
40.4
947
8.8
11,031
45.4
10,079
41.5
952
8.6
11,439
46.0
10,468
42.1
971
8.5
11,126
46.3
10,196
42.4
929
8.4
11,089
45.1
10,134
41.2
955
8.6
11,338
45.7
10,367
41.8
971
8.6
High school graduates, no college1
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36,050
57.9
33,890
54.4
2,160
6.0
35,620
57.2
33,591
53.9
2,029
5.7
35,565
57.2
33,712
54.2
1,853
5.2
36,112
58.0
33,854
54.4
2,258
6.3
35,164
57.5
33,310
54.5
1,854
5.3
35,418
57.9
33,492
54.8
1,926
5.4
35,371
57.4
33,464
54.3
1,907
5.4
35,656
57.3
33,752
54.2
1,904
5.3
35,577
57.2
33,639
54.1
1,938
5.4
Some college or associate degree
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37,176
66.9
35,165
63.3
2,011
5.4
37,411
67.3
35,568
64.0
1,843
4.9
37,715
67.3
36,044
64.3
1,671
4.4
37,389
67.3
35,277
63.5
2,112
5.6
37,140
66.9
35,310
63.6
1,831
4.9
37,479
67.2
35,540
63.8
1,939
5.2
37,490
66.8
35,588
63.4
1,902
5.1
37,558
67.6
35,755
64.4
1,803
4.8
37,755
67.4
35,996
64.2
1,759
4.7
Bachelor’s degree and higher2
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50,212
75.5
48,684
73.2
1,527
3.0
51,573
74.8
50,333
73.0
1,240
2.4
51,314
74.8
50,013
72.9
1,301
2.5
50,001
75.2
48,357
72.7
1,645
3.3
51,772
74.6
50,290
72.5
1,482
2.9
51,550
74.4
50,084
72.3
1,466
2.8
51,583
74.4
50,172
72.3
1,411
2.7
51,272
74.3
50,007
72.5
1,265
2.5
51,156
74.6
49,758
72.5
1,399
2.7
1
Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
2
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service,
and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service
Apr.
2014
Men
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Women
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
VETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21,239
10,727
50.5
10,124
47.7
603
5.6
10,512
21,274
10,783
50.7
10,277
48.3
507
4.7
10,491
18,992
9,337
49.2
8,815
46.4
522
5.6
9,655
19,281
9,539
49.5
9,089
47.1
450
4.7
9,742
2,247
1,390
61.8
1,308
58.2
81
5.8
857
1,993
1,244
62.4
1,188
59.6
57
4.6
749
Gulf War-era II veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3,019
2,403
79.6
2,240
74.2
163
6.8
615
3,609
2,927
81.1
2,726
75.5
201
6.9
682
2,444
2,019
82.6
1,885
77.1
134
6.6
425
3,005
2,500
83.2
2,329
77.5
171
6.9
505
575
385
66.9
355
61.7
30
7.7
190
604
427
70.7
397
65.8
30
7.0
177
Gulf War-era I veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3,421
2,764
80.8
2,635
77.0
129
4.7
658
3,380
2,695
79.7
2,620
77.5
76
2.8
685
2,704
2,246
83.0
2,144
79.3
102
4.5
458
2,827
2,309
81.7
2,251
79.6
58
2.5
518
717
518
72.2
491
68.5
27
5.2
199
553
386
69.8
369
66.6
18
4.6
167
World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9,476
2,755
29.1
2,620
27.7
134
4.9
6,721
8,988
2,415
26.9
2,309
25.7
106
4.4
6,573
9,120
2,659
29.2
2,536
27.8
123
4.6
6,461
8,669
2,308
26.6
2,202
25.4
106
4.6
6,361
356
96
26.9
85
23.8
11
11.6
260
319
107
33.6
107
33.6
0
0.0
212
Veterans of other service periods
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5,323
2,805
52.7
2,629
49.4
177
6.3
2,518
5,297
2,746
51.8
2,622
49.5
124
4.5
2,551
4,724
2,414
51.1
2,251
47.6
163
6.8
2,310
4,780
2,422
50.7
2,307
48.3
115
4.7
2,358
599
391
65.3
378
63.1
13
3.4
208
517
324
62.6
315
60.8
9
2.8
193
NONVETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
217,259
142,440
65.6
134,317
61.8
8,123
5.7
74,819
220,131
143,938
65.4
136,829
62.2
7,109
4.9
76,193
95,940
71,995
75.0
67,700
70.6
4,295
6.0
23,945
97,005
72,880
75.1
69,160
71.3
3,720
5.1
24,124
121,319
70,445
58.1
66,617
54.9
3,828
5.4
50,874
123,127
71,058
57.7
67,668
55.0
3,390
4.8
52,069
NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the
U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August
1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service
periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the
selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally
adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Persons with a disability
Employment status, sex, and age
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Persons with no disability
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
TOTAL, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population..................................................... .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate.................................................................... .
Employed............. . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................... .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate.............................................................. .
Not in labor force...................................................................... .
28,915
5,528
19.1
4,838
16.7
690
12.5
23,388
29,608
5,704
19.3
5,136
17.3
568
10.0
23,904
218,524
149,317
68.3
140,929
64.5
8,389
5.6
69,207
220,658
150,850
68.4
143,451
65.0
7,399
4.9
69,807
Men, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate.................................................................... .
Employed............. . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................... .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate.............................................................. .
Not in labor force...................................................................... .
2,488
32.5
2,128
27.8
359
14.4
5,172
2,504
32.5
2,221
28.8
282
11.3
5,199
74,982
81.5
70,562
76.7
4,421
5.9
17,038
75,994
82.1
72,124
77.9
3,870
5.1
16,576
Women, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate.................................................................... .
Employed............. . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................... .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate.............................................................. .
Not in labor force...................................................................... .
2,057
26.4
1,782
22.8
275
13.4
5,745
2,240
27.9
2,026
25.2
214
9.6
5,801
66,893
70.2
63,250
66.4
3,643
5.4
28,425
67,015
70.0
63,745
66.6
3,270
4.9
28,721
Both sexes, 65 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate.................................................................... .
Employed............. . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................... .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate.............................................................. .
Not in labor force...................................................................... .
983
7.3
927
6.9
56
5.7
12,470
960
6.9
889
6.4
71
7.4
12,905
7,442
23.9
7,117
22.8
325
4.4
23,743
7,841
24.2
7,582
23.4
259
3.3
24,510
NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty
seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or
emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as
visiting a doctor’s office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with
the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status and nativity
Apr.
2014
Men
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Women
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Foreign born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population.................................. .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................................. .
Employed............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................... .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed...................................................... .
Unemployment rate........................................... .
Not in labor force................................................... .
38,391
25,127
65.5
23,713
61.8
1,414
5.6
13,264
39,997
26,103
65.3
24,819
62.1
1,284
4.9
13,895
18,592
14,590
78.5
13,828
74.4
763
5.2
4,001
19,286
15,094
78.3
14,406
74.7
689
4.6
4,192
19,799
10,536
53.2
9,885
49.9
652
6.2
9,263
20,711
11,008
53.2
10,413
50.3
595
5.4
9,703
Native born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population.................................. .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................................. .
Employed............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................... .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed...................................................... .
Unemployment rate........................................... .
Not in labor force................................................... .
209,049
129,718
62.1
122,054
58.4
7,664
5.9
79,330
210,268
130,451
62.0
123,769
58.9
6,683
5.1
79,817
100,896
67,514
66.9
63,259
62.7
4,255
6.3
33,383
101,545
68,263
67.2
64,590
63.6
3,673
5.4
33,281
108,152
62,205
57.5
58,795
54.4
3,409
5.5
45,948
108,723
62,188
57.2
59,179
54.4
3,009
4.8
46,535
NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States
or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born
in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen.
Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Category
CLASS OF WORKER
Agriculture and related industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government.................................... .
Private industries..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .
Private households. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other industries............................. .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME2
All industries
Part time for economic reasons3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries
Part time for economic reasons3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
2,048
1,265
773
10
143,718
135,119
20,626
114,494
868
113,625
8,518
81
2,405
1,490
881
34
145,230
136,563
20,729
115,834
798
115,037
8,588
79
2,294
1,463
799
32
146,293
137,371
20,840
116,531
793
115,738
8,837
84
2,167
1,393
768
–
143,566
134,918
20,316
114,630
–
113,742
8,545
–
2,358
1,506
815
–
145,101
136,415
19,956
116,469
–
115,676
8,660
–
2,419
1,566
835
–
145,743
136,949
20,330
116,664
–
115,724
8,725
–
2,430
1,572
833
–
145,880
137,447
20,582
116,890
–
116,042
8,386
–
2,559
1,628
893
–
145,699
136,830
20,246
116,654
–
115,839
8,685
–
2,435
1,610
794
–
146,111
137,148
20,455
116,707
–
115,899
8,826
–
7,243
4,346
2,615
19,707
6,672
4,027
2,333
20,159
6,356
3,728
2,370
20,992
7,460
4,517
2,624
18,915
6,790
4,061
2,432
19,730
6,810
4,012
2,460
19,822
6,635
3,847
2,426
19,837
6,705
4,069
2,337
19,733
6,580
3,885
2,374
20,056
7,120
4,277
2,604
19,393
6,569
3,966
2,320
19,786
6,277
3,674
2,354
20,622
7,335
4,453
2,585
18,614
6,699
3,983
2,411
19,416
6,690
3,951
2,432
19,446
6,539
3,791
2,415
19,505
6,620
4,028
2,302
19,374
6,501
3,835
2,352
19,705
Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for
the entire week.
3
Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business
conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
4
Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or
training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to
34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment
of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
2
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
145,767
4,256
1,325
2,931
141,511
13,765
127,745
95,421
31,751
31,031
32,639
32,324
147,635
4,491
1,445
3,046
143,144
13,584
129,560
96,300
32,563
31,103
32,634
33,260
148,587
4,536
1,482
3,053
144,052
13,706
130,346
96,742
32,767
31,200
32,775
33,605
145,724
4,485
1,455
3,026
141,239
13,881
127,309
95,201
31,729
30,913
32,559
32,107
147,442
4,784
1,678
3,090
142,658
13,847
128,860
95,975
32,354
31,021
32,600
32,885
148,201
4,722
1,651
3,058
143,480
14,011
129,435
96,464
32,574
31,157
32,734
32,971
148,297
4,808
1,637
3,186
143,489
14,114
129,349
96,565
32,682
31,071
32,812
32,784
148,331
4,804
1,615
3,189
143,527
13,823
129,614
96,501
32,693
31,095
32,713
33,113
148,523
4,784
1,630
3,147
143,740
13,851
129,861
96,482
32,734
31,072
32,676
33,379
Men, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77,086
2,027
571
1,457
75,059
7,099
67,960
50,903
17,132
16,674
17,097
17,056
78,275
2,153
668
1,485
76,122
6,932
69,190
51,615
17,639
16,746
17,230
17,575
78,996
2,247
746
1,501
76,749
7,050
69,698
51,861
17,763
16,832
17,266
17,837
77,329
2,166
641
1,514
75,163
7,204
67,927
50,931
17,184
16,672
17,076
16,996
78,400
2,374
828
1,531
76,026
7,167
68,890
51,448
17,534
16,748
17,166
17,441
78,869
2,372
802
1,560
76,496
7,198
69,248
51,809
17,722
16,807
17,281
17,439
79,006
2,418
791
1,636
76,588
7,324
69,190
51,860
17,743
16,760
17,357
17,330
79,014
2,361
762
1,584
76,653
7,088
69,506
51,948
17,804
16,824
17,321
17,557
79,203
2,399
830
1,557
76,805
7,158
69,633
51,863
17,798
16,818
17,247
17,770
Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68,680
2,228
754
1,474
66,452
6,666
59,786
44,518
14,619
14,357
15,542
15,268
69,360
2,339
778
1,561
67,022
6,652
60,370
44,685
14,924
14,356
15,404
15,685
69,591
2,288
736
1,553
67,303
6,655
60,648
44,881
15,004
14,369
15,508
15,768
68,395
2,318
814
1,512
66,076
6,677
59,381
44,270
14,546
14,241
15,483
15,111
69,042
2,410
850
1,559
66,632
6,680
59,970
44,527
14,820
14,273
15,434
15,443
69,332
2,349
849
1,499
66,983
6,813
60,187
44,655
14,852
14,350
15,453
15,532
69,291
2,389
846
1,550
66,901
6,790
60,159
44,705
14,939
14,311
15,456
15,453
69,317
2,442
853
1,605
66,874
6,735
60,108
44,552
14,889
14,271
15,392
15,556
69,320
2,385
800
1,590
66,935
6,693
60,228
44,619
14,936
14,255
15,429
15,609
MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44,449
34,830
9,602
45,103
35,232
9,443
45,042
35,045
9,706
44,477
34,795
–
44,588
34,645
–
44,934
34,843
–
44,951
34,910
–
45,304
35,106
–
45,023
34,974
–
FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
118,073
27,693
119,981
27,655
120,402
28,185
118,458
27,251
119,934
27,506
120,711
27,546
120,834
27,471
121,024
27,301
120,772
27,738
MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7,162
4.9
7,264
4.9
7,000
4.7
7,100
4.9
7,285
4.9
7,485
5.1
7,059
4.8
7,158
4.8
6,986
4.7
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
Self-employed workers, incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5,384
9,290
5,514
9,469
5,378
9,636
–
9,313
–
9,475
–
9,560
–
9,220
–
9,579
–
9,620
1
Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
2
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic
Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years.................................... .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over............................. .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years............................ .
35 to 44 years............................ .
45 to 54 years............................ .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9,696
1,057
414
636
8,639
1,638
6,927
5,366
2,235
1,575
1,556
1,560
8,575
1,021
356
659
7,554
1,599
5,932
4,559
1,955
1,346
1,259
1,356
8,549
986
407
560
7,563
1,466
6,054
4,687
2,003
1,387
1,297
1,377
6.2
19.1
22.2
17.4
5.8
10.6
5.2
5.3
6.6
4.8
4.6
4.6
5.6
16.8
18.8
15.4
5.1
10.8
4.5
4.7
5.9
4.3
4.0
3.9
5.7
18.8
19.9
18.2
5.2
9.8
4.6
4.8
5.9
4.4
4.1
4.1
5.5
17.1
18.6
16.4
5.1
10.0
4.5
4.6
5.4
4.5
3.8
4.3
5.5
17.5
18.1
17.1
5.0
10.4
4.4
4.5
5.6
4.1
3.7
3.9
5.4
17.1
20.0
15.1
5.0
9.6
4.5
4.6
5.8
4.3
3.8
4.0
Men, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years.................................... .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over............................. .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years............................ .
35 to 44 years............................ .
45 to 54 years............................ .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5,251
577
235
334
4,674
974
3,664
2,827
1,211
821
795
837
4,680
581
196
387
4,099
893
3,184
2,432
1,053
720
660
752
4,602
522
220
280
4,079
844
3,207
2,427
1,011
704
712
780
6.4
21.0
26.9
18.1
5.9
11.9
5.1
5.3
6.6
4.7
4.4
4.7
5.8
19.2
20.0
18.2
5.3
11.6
4.6
4.7
5.7
4.3
4.1
4.2
5.9
20.0
20.8
19.4
5.3
11.5
4.6
4.7
5.8
4.4
3.9
4.1
5.7
17.8
19.2
17.3
5.2
10.9
4.6
4.6
5.6
4.3
3.9
4.6
5.6
19.8
20.5
19.6
5.1
11.2
4.4
4.5
5.6
4.1
3.7
4.1
5.5
17.9
21.0
15.2
5.0
10.5
4.4
4.5
5.4
4.0
4.0
4.2
Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years.................................... .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over............................. .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years............................ .
35 to 44 years............................ .
45 to 54 years............................ .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4,445
481
179
303
3,964
664
3,263
2,539
1,024
754
762
712
3,894
439
160
272
3,455
706
2,747
2,127
902
626
599
604
3,947
464
187
280
3,483
622
2,847
2,260
992
683
585
602
6.1
17.2
18.0
16.7
5.7
9.0
5.2
5.4
6.6
5.0
4.7
4.5
5.3
14.2
17.6
12.4
5.0
9.9
4.4
4.7
6.0
4.3
3.9
3.7
5.6
17.6
19.0
16.9
5.1
7.9
4.7
4.9
5.9
4.4
4.4
4.1
5.4
16.4
18.0
15.4
4.9
9.0
4.5
4.6
5.2
4.7
3.8
4.0
5.3
15.2
15.8
14.5
4.9
9.5
4.4
4.6
5.7
4.2
3.7
3.7
5.4
16.3
18.9
15.0
4.9
8.5
4.5
4.8
6.2
4.6
3.7
3.7
MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present..................... .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1,601
1,401
897
1,309
1,107
830
1,392
1,222
730
3.5
3.9
8.5
3.0
3.2
7.8
2.9
3.3
8.1
3.0
3.2
7.7
2.8
3.1
8.1
3.0
3.4
7.0
FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8,149
1,503
7,159
1,418
7,068
1,443
6.4
5.2
5.7
5.0
5.9
4.9
5.7
4.9
5.6
4.9
5.5
4.9
1
Not seasonally adjusted.
Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time
jobs.
3
Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from
part-time jobs.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment
of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
2
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Reason
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Permanent job losers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persons who completed temporary jobs. . . .
Job leavers.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reentrants........................................... .
New entrants............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... .
4,972
931
4,041
2,996
1,045
751
2,425
932
4,503
1,199
3,304
2,298
1,006
853
2,597
729
3,977
871
3,106
2,224
882
780
2,465
745
5,153
1,014
4,139
3,016
1,123
786
2,631
1,052
4,325
959
3,366
2,388
977
798
2,701
971
4,242
902
3,339
2,371
968
851
2,829
1,033
4,180
1,021
3,158
2,212
946
884
2,655
972
4,189
999
3,190
2,223
967
875
2,689
815
4,136
950
3,185
2,238
948
828
2,685
868
PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reentrants........................................... .
New entrants............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... .
54.8
10.3
44.5
8.3
26.7
10.3
51.9
13.8
38.0
9.8
29.9
8.4
49.9
10.9
39.0
9.8
30.9
9.4
53.6
10.5
43.0
8.2
27.3
10.9
49.2
10.9
38.3
9.1
30.7
11.0
47.4
10.1
37.3
9.5
31.6
11.5
48.1
11.7
36.3
10.2
30.5
11.2
48.9
11.7
37.2
10.2
31.4
9.5
48.6
11.2
37.4
9.7
31.5
10.2
UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reentrants........................................... .
New entrants............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... .
3.2
0.5
1.6
0.6
2.9
0.5
1.7
0.5
2.5
0.5
1.6
0.5
3.3
0.5
1.7
0.7
2.8
0.5
1.7
0.6
2.7
0.5
1.8
0.7
2.7
0.6
1.7
0.6
2.7
0.6
1.7
0.5
2.6
0.5
1.7
0.6
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Duration
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks....................................... .
15 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 to 26 weeks................................... .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1,993
1,946
5,139
1,653
3,486
2,108
2,511
4,064
1,428
2,635
2,235
1,930
3,802
1,238
2,564
2,451
2,346
4,922
1,509
3,413
2,375
2,293
4,059
1,274
2,785
2,383
2,318
4,180
1,380
2,800
2,431
2,223
4,044
1,335
2,709
2,488
2,312
3,816
1,253
2,563
2,729
2,307
3,663
1,139
2,525
Average (mean) duration, in weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Median duration, in weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37.1
18.4
31.3
13.2
32.8
13.5
34.8
15.6
32.8
12.6
32.3
13.4
31.7
13.1
30.7
12.2
30.8
11.7
PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks....................................... .
15 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 to 26 weeks................................... .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22.0
21.4
56.6
18.2
38.4
24.3
28.9
46.8
16.5
30.4
28.1
24.2
47.7
15.5
32.2
25.2
24.1
50.6
15.5
35.1
27.2
26.3
46.5
14.6
31.9
26.8
26.1
47.1
15.5
31.5
27.9
25.6
46.5
15.4
31.1
28.9
26.8
44.3
14.5
29.8
31.4
26.5
42.1
13.1
29.0
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employed
Occupation
Total, 16 years and over1............................................ .
Management, professional, and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . .
Management, business, and financial operations
occupations......... . . . . . . . . . . ................................. .
Professional and related occupations......................... .
Service occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales and office occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales and related occupations................................. .
Office and administrative support occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
occupations....................................................... .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction and extraction occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations. . . . . . . . . . .
Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations....................................................... .
Production occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and material moving occupations. . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Unemployed
Unemployment
rates
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
145,767
55,896
148,587
57,953
9,079
1,642
7,966
1,435
5.9
2.9
5.1
2.4
22,707
33,189
25,755
33,873
16,076
17,797
23,960
33,993
25,419
34,129
15,875
18,253
748
894
1,777
2,079
997
1,082
633
802
1,733
1,852
920
932
3.2
2.6
6.5
5.8
5.8
5.7
2.6
2.3
6.4
5.1
5.5
4.9
13,178
935
7,536
4,707
13,584
1,036
7,734
4,814
1,168
152
821
195
1,097
127
718
253
8.1
14.0
9.8
4.0
7.5
10.9
8.5
5.0
17,065
8,184
8,881
17,503
8,505
8,998
1,446
671
776
1,077
494
584
7.8
7.6
8.0
5.8
5.5
6.1
Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker
Total, 16 years and over1............................................................... .
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction................................... .
Construction......................................................................... .
Manufacturing......... . . . . . . . . . . .................................................... .
Durable goods.................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale and retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information........................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . ......................................... .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services....................................................................... .
Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government workers.................................................................. .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
9,079
7,105
39
796
790
441
349
1,225
372
175
470
1,062
826
1,047
304
151
581
310
7,966
6,078
83
652
609
381
228
1,148
272
84
251
838
723
1,069
350
197
521
425
5.9
5.8
3.8
9.4
5.2
4.6
6.1
5.9
6.0
5.7
5.0
6.8
3.7
8.0
4.8
11.0
2.7
3.2
5.1
5.0
8.7
7.5
4.0
3.9
4.1
5.6
4.4
3.2
2.7
5.3
3.1
7.8
5.4
12.2
2.4
4.2
Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Not seasonally adjusted
Measure
U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer,
as a percent of the civilian labor force. . . . . . . . .
U-2 Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian
labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the
civilian labor force (official unemployment
rate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged
workers, as a percent of the civilian labor
force plus discouraged workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged
workers, plus all other persons marginally
attached to the labor force, as a percent of
the civilian labor force plus all persons
marginally attached to the labor force. . . . . . . . .
U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons
marginally attached to the labor force, plus
total employed part time for economic
reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor
force plus all persons marginally attached to
the labor force.................................... .
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
3.3
2.6
2.4
3.2
2.6
2.7
2.6
2.4
2.3
3.2
2.9
2.5
3.3
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
5.9
5.6
5.1
6.2
5.6
5.7
5.5
5.5
5.4
6.3
6.0
5.5
6.7
6.0
6.1
6.0
5.9
5.9
7.2
6.8
6.4
7.5
6.9
7.0
6.8
6.7
6.7
11.8
11.0
10.4
12.3
11.2
11.3
11.0
10.9
10.8
NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have
given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are
available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of
January data.
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Category
Apr.
2014
Men
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Women
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE
Total not in the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Marginally attached to the labor force1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... .
Other persons marginally attached to the labor force3. . .
92,594
6,088
2,160
783
1,378
93,712
6,096
2,115
756
1,360
37,384
2,963
1,192
488
704
37,473
2,796
1,096
450
646
55,210
3,125
969
295
674
56,238
3,300
1,019
306
713
MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders4. . . . . . . . . ................................... .
Percent of total employed......................................... .
Primary job full time, secondary job part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both full time. . . . . . . . . . . . .......... .
Hours vary on primary or secondary job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7,162
4.9
3,805
2,008
246
1,055
7,000
4.7
3,759
1,939
214
1,050
3,498
4.5
2,105
686
149
539
3,293
4.2
1,936
618
144
570
3,665
5.3
1,699
1,322
97
516
3,707
5.3
1,823
1,320
70
480
1
Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference
week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
2
Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks
schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
3
Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
4
Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Industry
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
138,377
116,107
18,923
139,519
117,317
19,034
140,284
117,996
19,139
141,462
119,126
19,388
138,385
116,542
19,131
141,059
119,153
19,560
141,144
119,247
19,539
141,367
119,460
19,570
Change
from:
Mar.2015 Apr.2015p
223
213
31
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas extraction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, except oil and gas1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Support activities for mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
877
48.1
828.6
193.6
205.7
74.0
429.3
878
52.4
825.5
196.8
196.7
70.7
432.0
866
52.2
814.2
196.7
197.6
70.6
419.9
851
50.4
800.4
192.1
200.6
70.3
407.7
886
51.6
834.7
194.6
207.7
73.9
432.4
892
54.2
838.1
197.6
205.0
71.2
435.5
880
54.5
825.8
197.7
203.8
70.9
424.3
865
54.5
810.9
194.4
202.4
70.8
414.1
-15
0.0
-14.9
-3.3
-1.4
-0.1
-10.2
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction of buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heavy and civil engineering construction. . . . . .
Specialty trade contractors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential specialty trade contractors. . . . . .
Nonresidential specialty trade contractors. . .
5,966
1,314.5
635.9
678.6
885.3
3,766.6
1,612.7
2,153.9
5,926
1,342.8
651.7
691.1
834.1
3,749.2
1,621.0
2,128.2
6,014
1,358.8
659.9
698.9
854.7
3,800.2
1,638.3
2,161.9
6,265
1,374.6
675.3
699.3
926.3
3,963.9
1,723.9
2,240.0
6,103
1,347.2
652.4
694.8
911.6
3,844.5
1,646.2
2,198.3
6,347
1,408.2
687.8
720.4
939.8
3,999.0
1,742.3
2,256.7
6,338
1,410.0
690.8
719.2
936.3
3,992.0
1,737.5
2,254.5
6,383
1,405.0
693.6
711.4
944.7
4,033.0
1,758.3
2,274.7
45
-5.0
2.8
-7.8
8.4
41.0
20.8
20.2
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12,080
12,230
12,259
12,272
12,142
12,321
12,321
12,322
1
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic products1. . . . . . . . . .
Computer and peripheral equipment. . . . . .
Communications equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Semiconductors and electronic
components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment and appliances. . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous durable goods
manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7,616
367.3
377.7
396.6
1,445.1
1,120.4
1,043.7
158.7
94.6
7,756
373.1
382.0
405.0
1,466.6
1,140.0
1,054.6
167.9
90.3
7,775
373.3
389.1
405.6
1,468.5
1,139.1
1,055.4
168.2
90.1
7,781
378.2
398.5
404.8
1,469.7
1,132.8
1,052.9
168.2
89.6
7,640
369.9
381.3
396.7
1,449.2
1,121.2
1,048.1
159.9
94.9
7,800
378.8
397.6
406.5
1,475.7
1,141.1
1,058.3
168.7
90.6
7,801
379.0
398.5
405.9
1,475.2
1,138.3
1,057.3
169.4
90.1
7,800
379.0
397.4
406.1
1,476.2
1,133.1
1,056.3
169.6
89.8
-1
0.0
-1.1
0.2
1.0
-5.2
-1.0
0.2
-0.3
366.0
387.1
374.7
1,543.9
859.0
366.4
369.8
389.8
372.6
1,598.9
910.1
380.3
369.7
390.3
371.5
1,602.2
913.5
384.0
368.8
389.0
370.8
1,598.2
911.3
385.9
367.2
388.4
376.0
1,547.1
861.0
367.7
370.4
391.2
372.8
1,598.1
909.7
385.4
370.1
390.1
372.5
1,598.6
909.0
386.6
370.1
389.2
372.2
1,602.2
915.0
388.0
0.0
-0.9
-0.3
3.6
6.0
1.4
580.0
583.0
585.9
588.8
582.5
586.1
588.6
589.4
0.8
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and paper products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities. . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous nondurable goods
manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4,464
1,459.6
117.6
113.0
141.6
372.1
453.9
108.7
797.0
670.4
4,474
1,467.3
118.5
113.1
138.1
364.7
445.6
102.5
808.8
682.3
4,484
1,470.2
118.6
113.3
137.7
365.5
446.6
102.3
809.8
685.4
4,491
1,468.2
118.7
113.6
135.1
366.7
446.8
107.0
809.1
687.1
4,502
1,485.5
117.6
113.8
141.6
373.9
454.6
109.8
798.9
671.7
4,521
1,492.8
119.0
114.6
137.3
366.7
448.0
106.0
810.6
685.5
4,520
1,492.8
118.7
114.2
137.0
367.1
447.8
104.7
810.4
686.0
4,522
1,490.4
118.7
114.7
135.6
367.3
447.8
107.8
810.9
685.6
2
-2.4
0.0
0.5
-1.4
0.2
0.0
3.1
0.5
-0.4
230.0
232.7
234.5
238.4
234.8
240.6
241.6
243.3
1.7
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97,184
98,283
98,857
99,738
97,411
99,593
99,708
99,890
182
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26,026
26,347
26,458
26,585
26,260
26,748
26,791
26,815
24
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic markets and agents and
brokers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5,793.0
2,892.0
2,008.9
892.1
906.5
911.7
911.3
893.9
913.0
915.0
913.2
-1.8
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle and parts dealers1. . . . . . . . . . . .
Automobile dealers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15,132.5
1,846.2
1,169.8
15,259.7
1,884.4
1,205.3
15,328.5
1,897.4
1,210.5
15,429.7
1,909.7
1,215.2
15,307.5
1,847.0
1,171.4
15,555.8
1,907.6
1,214.0
15,580.3
1,909.9
1,216.4
15,592.4
1,910.3
1,217.6
12.1
0.4
1.2
See footnotes at end of table.
5,853.0
2,928.8
2,017.7
5,879.1
2,936.3
2,031.1
5,890.1
2,939.8
2,039.0
5,807.9
2,901.2
2,012.8
5,898.2
2,944.4
2,040.8
5,908.1
2,946.5
2,046.6
5,903.6
2,948.9
2,041.5
-4.5
2.4
-5.1
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2015p
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Change
from:
Mar.2015 Apr.2015p
Retail trade - Continued
Furniture and home furnishings stores. . . . . .
Electronics and appliance stores. . . . . . . . . . . .
Building material and garden supply
stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and beverage stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health and personal care stores. . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline stations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clothing and clothing accessories stores. . . .
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music
stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General merchandise stores1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Department stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous store retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonstore retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transit and ground passenger
transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pipeline transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scenic and sightseeing transportation. . . . . . .
Support activities for transportation. . . . . . . . . .
Couriers and messengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing and storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
444.5
472.3
459.4
494.4
456.5
491.6
458.0
489.0
450.9
484.4
464.3
497.5
463.4
499.2
464.9
500.3
1.5
1.1
1,273.1
2,962.2
1,008.0
869.4
1,333.6
1,205.4
2,995.6
1,024.8
879.7
1,325.4
1,244.1
2,990.7
1,022.5
884.8
1,325.8
1,304.1
3,000.5
1,023.3
893.4
1,324.0
1,229.8
2,990.5
1,015.6
877.6
1,382.7
1,255.0
3,026.7
1,028.8
896.4
1,376.3
1,256.4
3,026.6
1,030.1
898.4
1,377.0
1,259.2
3,030.2
1,030.1
900.9
1,373.7
2.8
3.6
0.0
2.5
-3.3
592.0
3,045.2
1,310.2
800.3
485.7
593.7
3,076.6
1,307.5
804.5
515.8
591.1
3,108.5
1,304.4
797.7
517.8
590.2
3,109.8
1,297.2
809.7
518.0
612.7
3,100.8
1,350.6
815.6
499.9
612.1
3,146.1
1,339.0
820.1
524.9
612.0
3,155.9
1,339.6
822.2
529.2
610.9
3,157.6
1,333.2
823.0
531.3
-1.1
1.7
-6.4
0.8
2.1
4,550.9
439.1
232.2
66.3
1,392.2
4,678.3
441.3
243.3
64.7
1,413.4
4,692.1
442.3
244.4
64.7
1,413.2
4,706.3
445.4
245.6
65.3
1,423.0
4,593.9
439.5
231.7
67.1
1,408.3
4,734.8
444.6
244.5
66.4
1,445.0
4,742.9
443.6
244.9
66.6
1,438.3
4,758.1
445.3
245.6
66.5
1,440.2
15.2
1.7
0.7
-0.1
1.9
475.0
46.8
27.0
619.7
529.7
722.9
481.6
47.9
24.4
630.7
582.5
748.5
483.9
48.2
24.9
639.7
579.9
750.9
484.2
48.8
28.1
646.6
569.0
750.3
461.2
47.1
30.0
620.8
555.8
732.4
469.1
47.9
31.0
634.8
594.9
756.6
471.3
48.3
30.6
643.4
598.3
757.6
470.9
48.5
30.8
648.2
601.8
760.3
-0.4
0.2
0.2
4.8
3.5
2.7
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
549.2
555.9
558.3
559.0
550.5
558.9
559.9
561.2
1.3
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publishing industries, except Internet. . . . . . . . . .
Motion picture and sound recording
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadcasting, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telecommunications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing, hosting and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other information services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2,720
723.7
2,769
717.1
2,776
716.9
2,780
716.5
2,728
726.0
2,780
720.3
2,780
719.3
2,783
718.7
3
-0.6
378.5
282.8
847.4
381.5
287.2
862.1
383.2
289.0
863.2
390.7
289.7
856.3
380.2
283.1
849.7
385.6
288.6
861.6
382.3
289.7
863.2
385.5
290.5
861.5
3.2
0.8
-1.7
276.5
210.6
290.6
230.9
292.2
231.4
294.6
232.0
276.1
212.6
291.5
231.9
292.6
232.9
292.7
233.6
0.1
0.7
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finance and insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monetary authorities - central bank. . . . . . . . . .
Credit intermediation and related
activities1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depository credit intermediation1. . . . . . . . . .
Commercial banking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities, commodity contracts,
investments, and funds and trusts. . . . . . . .
Insurance carriers and related activities. . . . .
Real estate and rental and leasing. . . . . . . . . . . .
Real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rental and leasing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets. . . .
7,908
5,888.2
18.3
8,025
5,991.0
18.4
8,041
5,998.2
18.4
8,057
5,999.6
18.2
7,942
5,906.5
18.4
8,077
6,002.4
18.6
8,084
6,009.0
18.6
8,093
6,018.5
18.5
9
9.5
-0.1
2,555.6
1,707.7
1,296.0
2,563.2
1,697.0
1,281.8
2,563.8
1,695.6
1,279.6
2,559.8
1,692.9
1,275.7
2,563.6
1,710.7
1,297.8
2,568.3
1,698.8
1,281.7
2,569.9
1,698.0
1,280.2
2,570.6
1,696.3
1,277.8
0.7
-1.7
-2.4
874.4
2,439.9
2,019.7
1,472.3
523.9
23.5
892.6
2,516.8
2,033.5
1,481.7
528.9
22.9
890.7
2,525.3
2,043.0
1,488.4
531.6
23.0
894.3
2,527.3
2,057.0
1,499.9
534.0
23.1
876.4
2,448.1
2,035.2
1,481.0
530.5
23.7
894.3
2,521.2
2,074.2
1,505.5
545.4
23.3
892.6
2,527.9
2,075.2
1,508.1
543.9
23.2
896.4
2,533.0
2,074.0
1,509.7
541.1
23.2
3.8
5.1
-1.2
1.6
-2.8
0.0
18,917
8,351.5
1,116.0
1,046.2
1,356.8
19,236
8,603.7
1,114.7
1,119.3
1,388.9
19,342
8,620.5
1,116.0
1,116.7
1,396.0
19,604
8,661.9
1,117.7
1,097.7
1,411.6
18,951
8,283.9
1,120.1
947.8
1,367.8
19,508
8,539.2
1,121.2
991.1
1,410.5
19,543
8,562.7
1,119.8
999.0
1,415.6
19,605
8,583.4
1,122.1
997.5
1,419.3
62
20.7
2.3
-1.5
3.7
1,761.0
1,825.9
1,821.7
1,844.7
1,764.7
1,829.9
1,834.2
1,843.3
9.1
1,218.2
2,158.1
1,280.7
2,182.3
1,284.1
2,191.9
1,294.6
2,189.8
1,224.2
2,167.0
1,292.0
2,193.8
1,296.2
2,198.8
1,302.2
2,198.4
6.0
-0.4
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and technical services1. . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting and bookkeeping services. . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . .
Computer systems design and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management and technical consulting
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management of companies and enterprises. . .
See footnotes at end of table.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Change
from:
Mar.2015 Apr.2015p
Administrative and waste services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Administrative and support services1. . . . . . . .
Employment services1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business support services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services to buildings and dwellings. . . . . . .
Waste management and remediation
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8,407.6
8,027.8
3,301.9
2,667.7
869.5
1,924.0
8,450.4
8,066.9
3,379.9
2,729.2
912.6
1,801.7
8,529.4
8,145.8
3,425.7
2,768.8
908.4
1,831.2
8,752.7
8,363.5
3,491.4
2,827.1
913.9
1,970.1
8,499.9
8,115.9
3,371.5
2,729.4
877.9
1,928.0
8,775.2
8,383.2
3,519.6
2,851.1
910.6
1,962.2
8,781.9
8,389.9
3,534.4
2,864.3
912.1
1,954.3
8,823.2
8,429.3
3,546.6
2,880.4
919.3
1,970.0
41.3
39.4
12.2
16.1
7.2
15.7
379.8
383.5
383.6
389.2
384.0
392.0
392.0
393.9
1.9
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Educational services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambulatory health care services1. . . . . . . . .
Offices of physicians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outpatient care centers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home health care services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nursing and residential care facilities1. . . .
Nursing care facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Social assistance1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child day care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21,524
3,574.7
17,948.8
14,587.2
6,577.1
2,451.6
703.8
1,245.9
4,761.4
3,248.7
1,649.1
3,361.6
869.8
21,917
3,593.4
18,323.3
14,887.6
6,784.3
2,518.3
728.7
1,286.7
4,831.3
3,272.0
1,646.7
3,435.7
876.0
22,005
3,618.3
18,387.0
14,927.5
6,809.8
2,525.0
732.2
1,294.6
4,844.6
3,273.1
1,644.7
3,459.5
886.0
22,103
3,640.1
18,462.7
14,986.5
6,849.1
2,536.1
736.4
1,303.7
4,854.6
3,282.8
1,648.5
3,476.2
890.3
21,353
3,406.5
17,946.6
14,611.0
6,586.1
2,458.2
703.9
1,246.8
4,772.2
3,252.7
1,651.0
3,335.6
847.9
21,821
3,454.3
18,366.2
14,934.2
6,807.6
2,523.7
729.6
1,295.4
4,839.2
3,287.4
1,655.3
3,432.0
863.1
21,856
3,459.6
18,396.8
14,955.8
6,826.4
2,529.0
732.6
1,300.2
4,846.8
3,282.6
1,649.3
3,441.0
865.5
21,917
3,464.8
18,452.4
15,001.0
6,851.7
2,538.3
736.0
1,302.9
4,858.6
3,290.7
1,652.3
3,451.4
867.5
61
5.2
55.6
45.2
25.3
9.3
3.4
2.7
11.8
8.1
3.0
10.4
2.0
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arts, entertainment, and recreation. . . . . . . . . . . .
Performing arts and spectator sports. . . . . . . .
Museums, historical sites, and similar
institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Amusements, gambling, and recreation. . . . .
Accommodation and food services. . . . . . . . . . . .
Accommodation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food services and drinking places. . . . . . . . . .
14,527
2,036.6
456.5
14,415
1,917.4
419.3
14,636
1,983.0
442.8
14,980
2,087.8
471.2
14,610
2,088.2
442.5
15,033
2,128.8
454.6
15,027
2,133.3
460.1
15,044
2,131.1
459.0
17
-2.2
-1.1
143.3
1,436.8
12,490.7
1,841.9
10,648.8
133.2
1,364.9
12,497.2
1,816.6
10,680.6
137.3
1,402.9
12,652.9
1,835.2
10,817.7
143.8
1,472.8
12,892.6
1,849.2
11,043.4
145.2
1,500.5
12,521.5
1,887.5
10,634.0
144.4
1,529.8
12,903.7
1,901.0
11,002.7
144.6
1,528.6
12,893.7
1,898.4
10,995.3
145.0
1,527.1
12,912.6
1,891.3
11,021.3
0.4
-1.5
18.9
-7.1
26.0
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal and laundry services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Membership associations and organizations. . .
5,562
1,244.4
1,365.8
2,951.3
5,574
1,255.6
1,361.5
2,956.4
5,599
1,264.0
1,372.9
2,962.5
5,629
1,270.6
1,388.6
2,969.9
5,567
1,240.6
1,363.7
2,962.9
5,626
1,265.8
1,379.0
2,980.9
5,627
1,265.5
1,381.8
2,980.1
5,633
1,265.3
1,386.1
2,981.3
6
-0.2
4.3
1.2
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal, except U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . .
Local government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . .
22,270
2,728.0
2,128.2
599.7
5,224.0
2,573.6
2,649.9
14,318.0
8,125.8
6,191.8
22,202
2,715.0
2,122.0
593.2
5,216.0
2,582.3
2,633.9
14,271.0
8,101.5
6,169.9
22,288
2,719.0
2,125.9
592.8
5,239.0
2,600.3
2,638.3
14,330.0
8,133.6
6,196.3
22,336
2,742.0
2,135.2
606.4
5,247.0
2,607.3
2,639.3
14,347.0
8,122.1
6,225.3
21,843
2,726.0
2,134.0
591.6
5,060.0
2,408.7
2,651.1
14,057.0
7,781.9
6,274.9
21,906
2,731.0
2,136.0
595.4
5,086.0
2,441.6
2,644.6
14,089.0
7,791.4
6,297.3
21,897
2,730.0
2,135.3
595.0
5,082.0
2,438.2
2,644.2
14,085.0
7,782.6
6,302.1
21,907
2,732.0
2,136.0
596.0
5,083.0
2,441.5
2,641.4
14,092.0
7,786.0
6,305.9
10
2.0
0.7
1.0
1.0
3.3
-2.8
7.0
3.4
3.8
Industry
Professional and business services - Continued
1
Includes other industries, not shown separately.
Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
3
Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
2
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging............................................................... .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods............................................................. .
Private service-providing........................................................... .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade..................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.......................................................................... .
Information........................................................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services.................................................................... .
34.5
40.5
44.6
39.1
40.9
41.4
40.0
33.3
34.5
38.8
31.4
38.7
42.3
36.8
37.1
36.2
32.7
26.2
31.8
34.6
40.6
44.6
39.5
41.0
41.3
40.3
33.4
34.6
38.9
31.4
39.0
42.5
36.5
37.5
36.2
32.8
26.4
31.8
34.5
40.4
44.5
39.0
40.9
41.3
40.2
33.4
34.5
38.8
31.3
38.8
43.0
36.4
37.5
36.2
32.8
26.2
31.7
34.5
40.3
44.3
38.9
40.8
41.1
40.2
33.3
34.5
38.7
31.3
38.9
42.6
36.4
37.6
36.0
32.8
26.2
31.7
AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing.......................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods.... . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................. .
3.5
3.6
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.2
3.2
3.3
Industry
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
Average hourly earnings
Average weekly earnings
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing...................................... .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction......................................... .
Manufacturing....................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities................ .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services.................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . .................. .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$24.34
25.57
30.65
26.57
24.68
26.05
22.29
24.05
21.35
28.07
16.94
22.93
35.29
33.88
30.56
29.11
24.60
13.77
21.84
$24.78
25.92
30.84
26.95
25.02
26.36
22.64
24.51
21.67
28.36
17.33
22.91
36.65
34.48
31.22
29.74
25.03
14.25
22.27
$24.84
26.05
30.98
27.23
25.09
26.40
22.76
24.56
21.66
28.41
17.29
22.84
36.94
34.55
31.31
29.83
25.07
14.23
22.25
$24.87
26.08
30.90
27.28
25.12
26.43
22.81
24.58
21.67
28.46
17.32
22.76
36.97
34.62
31.37
29.89
25.07
14.31
22.21
$839.73
1,035.59
1,366.99
1,038.89
1,009.41
1,078.47
891.60
800.87
736.58
1,089.12
531.92
887.39
1,492.77
1,246.78
1,133.78
1,053.78
804.42
360.77
694.51
$857.39
1,052.35
1,375.46
1,064.53
1,025.82
1,088.67
912.39
818.63
749.78
1,103.20
544.16
893.49
1,557.63
1,258.52
1,170.75
1,076.59
820.98
376.20
708.19
$856.98
1,052.42
1,378.61
1,061.97
1,026.18
1,090.32
914.95
820.30
747.27
1,102.31
541.18
886.19
1,588.42
1,257.62
1,174.13
1,079.85
822.30
372.83
705.33
$858.02
1,051.02
1,368.87
1,061.19
1,024.90
1,086.27
916.96
818.51
747.62
1,101.40
542.12
885.36
1,574.92
1,260.17
1,179.51
1,076.04
822.30
374.92
704.06
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by
industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours1
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls2
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Percent
change
from:
Mar.
2015 Apr.
2015p
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods.......................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . .
Utilities................................... .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100.5
88.3
124.2
82.3
89.3
89.1
89.9
103.8
98.5
98.3
97.6
101.8
100.7
91.7
96.5
107.9
112.1
109.2
98.1
103.1
90.5
125.0
86.4
90.9
90.7
90.9
106.4
100.7
100.1
99.2
105.7
102.8
92.7
99.2
111.1
114.9
113.2
99.1
102.8
89.9
123.1
85.2
90.7
90.7
90.7
106.6
100.5
100.0
99.1
105.3
104.2
92.4
99.3
111.3
115.1
112.3
98.8
103.0
89.9
120.4
85.6
90.4
90.3
90.7
106.4
100.6
99.7
99.1
105.9
103.4
92.5
99.7
111.0
115.4
112.5
98.9
0.2
0.0
-2.2
0.5
-0.3
-0.4
0.0
-0.2
0.1
-0.3
0.0
0.6
-0.8
0.1
0.4
-0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
1
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Percent
change
from:
Mar.
2015 Apr.
2015p
116.8
102.0
152.8
95.0
102.5
103.0
101.6
121.0
113.2
115.2
109.3
118.4
117.5
110.6
115.0
127.2
129.9
121.3
121.6
121.9
106.0
154.8
101.2
105.7
106.2
104.5
126.5
117.4
118.5
113.7
122.9
124.4
113.8
120.8
133.8
135.4
130.2
125.3
121.9
105.9
153.1
100.8
105.8
106.4
104.7
126.9
117.2
118.6
113.2
122.1
127.1
113.7
121.3
134.5
135.9
129.0
124.8
122.3
105.9
149.4
101.5
105.7
105.9
105.0
126.9
117.4
118.4
113.5
122.4
126.3
114.0
121.9
134.4
136.3
129.8
124.7
0.3
0.0
-2.4
0.7
-0.1
-0.5
0.3
0.0
0.2
-0.2
0.3
0.2
-0.6
0.3
0.5
-0.1
0.3
0.6
-0.1
The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007
annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
2
The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the
corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly
earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Women employees (in thousands)
Percent of all employees
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods................................. .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.......................................... .
Information........................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services.................................... .
Government............................................ .
68,344
55,869
4,185
117
770
3,298
1,758
1,540
51,684
10,648
1,717.0
7,712.1
1,085.0
133.9
1,094
4,561
8,467
16,408
7,595
2,911
12,475
69,549
57,018
4,269
122
799
3,348
1,805
1,543
52,749
10,830
1,729.8
7,844.3
1,121.7
133.7
1,117
4,619
8,672
16,780
7,791
2,940
12,531
69,627
57,105
4,271
121
798
3,352
1,808
1,544
52,834
10,861
1,737.7
7,865.0
1,123.8
134.4
1,118
4,628
8,695
16,813
7,777
2,942
12,522
69,695
57,169
4,275
119
805
3,351
1,809
1,542
52,894
10,858
1,736.9
7,858.9
1,127.8
134.5
1,113
4,630
8,709
16,858
7,784
2,942
12,526
49.4
47.9
21.9
13.2
12.6
27.2
23.0
34.2
53.1
40.5
29.6
50.4
23.6
24.3
40.1
57.4
44.7
76.8
52.0
52.3
57.1
49.3
47.9
21.8
13.7
12.6
27.2
23.1
34.1
53.0
40.5
29.3
50.4
23.7
23.9
40.2
57.2
44.5
76.9
51.8
52.3
57.2
49.3
47.9
21.9
13.8
12.6
27.2
23.2
34.2
53.0
40.5
29.4
50.5
23.7
24.0
40.2
57.2
44.5
76.9
51.8
52.3
57.2
49.3
47.9
21.8
13.8
12.6
27.2
23.2
34.1
53.0
40.5
29.4
50.4
23.7
24.0
40.0
57.2
44.4
76.9
51.7
52.2
57.2
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted1
[In thousands]
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........ . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................... .
Durable goods.................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.................................................................. .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing............................................... .
Utilities............................................................................. .
Information........................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . ......................................... .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services....................................................................... .
96,322
13,807
653
4,620
8,534
5,260
3,274
82,515
22,199
4,699.4
13,079.9
3,974.7
445.0
2,212
6,129
15,687
18,751
12,897
4,640
98,262
14,108
654
4,780
8,674
5,372
3,302
84,154
22,539
4,756.4
13,237.7
4,094.7
449.9
2,253
6,232
16,074
19,151
13,225
4,680
98,334
14,084
645
4,766
8,673
5,372
3,301
84,250
22,578
4,753.7
13,273.4
4,100.9
450.2
2,253
6,240
16,082
19,178
13,235
4,684
98,446
14,102
633
4,809
8,660
5,364
3,296
84,344
22,568
4,748.7
13,263.2
4,105.2
451.0
2,255
6,244
16,123
19,226
13,244
4,684
1
Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory
employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm
payrolls.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging............................................................... .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods............................................................. .
Private service-providing........................................................... .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade..................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.......................................................................... .
Information........................................................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services.................................................................... .
33.7
41.4
47.1
39.8
41.9
42.4
41.1
32.4
33.6
38.6
30.1
38.4
42.3
35.9
36.6
35.5
32.0
25.2
30.7
33.8
41.5
46.6
39.9
41.9
42.2
41.5
32.5
33.8
38.6
30.2
38.7
42.5
36.0
36.9
35.5
32.0
25.2
30.8
33.7
41.2
46.4
39.4
41.8
42.1
41.4
32.4
33.6
38.6
30.0
38.7
42.9
35.9
37.0
35.4
32.0
25.0
30.7
33.7
41.2
46.2
39.5
41.8
42.0
41.5
32.4
33.6
38.5
30.0
38.8
42.2
36.0
37.0
35.2
32.2
25.0
30.6
AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing.......................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods.... . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................. .
4.4
4.6
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.4
Industry
1
Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory
employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm
payrolls.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
Average hourly earnings
Average weekly earnings
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing...................................... .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction......................................... .
Manufacturing....................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities................ .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services.................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . .................. .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
$20.52
21.51
26.53
24.61
19.49
20.60
17.66
20.31
18.23
23.24
14.34
20.51
32.81
28.59
24.54
24.22
21.54
11.97
18.42
$20.82
21.71
26.46
24.78
19.70
20.79
17.91
20.63
18.50
23.43
14.63
20.72
33.53
28.63
25.12
24.46
21.93
12.34
18.77
$20.88
21.82
26.43
25.08
19.76
20.84
17.96
20.67
18.56
23.52
14.65
20.76
33.98
28.52
25.18
24.53
21.92
12.34
18.78
$20.90
21.84
26.26
25.10
19.78
20.83
18.04
20.69
18.55
23.55
14.67
20.66
34.01
28.69
25.25
24.56
21.92
12.38
18.76
$691.52
890.51
1,249.56
979.48
816.63
873.44
725.83
658.04
612.53
897.06
431.63
787.58
1,387.86
1,026.38
898.16
859.81
689.28
301.64
565.49
$703.72
900.97
1,233.04
988.72
825.43
877.34
743.27
670.48
625.30
904.40
441.83
801.86
1,425.03
1,030.68
926.93
868.33
701.76
310.97
578.12
$703.66
898.98
1,226.35
988.15
825.97
877.36
743.54
669.71
623.62
907.87
439.50
803.41
1,457.74
1,023.87
931.66
868.36
701.44
308.50
576.55
$704.33
899.81
1,213.21
991.45
826.80
874.86
748.66
670.36
623.28
906.68
440.10
801.61
1,435.22
1,032.84
934.25
864.51
705.82
309.50
574.06
1
Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory
employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm
payrolls.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
[2002=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours2
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls3
Industry
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Percent
change
from:
Mar.
2015 Apr.
2015p
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods.......................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . .
Utilities................................... .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
108.2
87.3
163.4
92.1
82.1
83.8
79.3
113.9
104.0
106.8
99.7
114.9
96.3
90.6
105.6
124.8
128.1
119.0
99.9
110.7
89.5
162.0
95.5
83.4
85.2
80.7
116.5
106.2
108.1
101.2
119.3
97.8
92.6
108.3
127.9
130.8
122.1
101.1
110.4
88.7
159.0
94.0
83.2
85.0
80.5
116.3
105.8
108.1
100.8
119.5
98.8
92.3
108.7
127.6
131.0
121.2
100.8
110.6
88.8
155.4
95.1
83.1
84.7
80.6
116.4
105.7
107.7
100.7
119.9
97.3
92.7
108.8
127.2
132.1
121.3
100.5
0.2
0.1
-2.3
1.2
-0.1
-0.4
0.1
0.1
-0.1
-0.4
-0.1
0.3
-1.5
0.4
0.1
-0.3
0.8
0.1
-0.3
1
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015p
Apr.
2015p
Percent
change
from:
Mar.
2015 Apr.
2015p
148.3
115.1
252.2
122.3
104.6
107.8
98.9
158.6
135.2
146.2
122.5
149.5
131.8
128.3
159.4
179.9
182.0
161.8
134.1
154.0
118.9
249.2
127.8
107.5
110.6
102.2
164.8
140.2
149.2
126.9
156.8
136.9
131.2
167.3
186.1
189.2
171.1
138.3
154.1
118.5
244.5
127.3
107.5
110.6
102.2
164.8
140.0
149.7
126.6
157.3
140.1
130.3
168.4
186.2
189.4
169.8
138.0
154.4
118.7
237.3
128.9
107.5
110.1
102.7
165.2
139.9
149.4
126.6
157.1
138.2
131.6
169.0
185.9
191.1
170.5
137.4
0.2
0.2
-2.9
1.3
0.0
-0.5
0.5
0.2
-0.1
-0.2
0.0
-0.1
-1.4
1.0
0.4
-0.2
0.9
0.4
-0.4
Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory
employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm
payrolls.
2
The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002
annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
3
The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the
corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly
earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
p Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
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