Syllabus for B.Tech Program (Electrical Engineering) At College of Engineering (For 2014 Batch) Faculty of Engineering University of Kashmir Hazratbal, Srinagar-6, J&K COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.Tech 4thSemester Electrical (2014) AT UNIVERSITY OF KASHMIR Course Code ELE-401 ELE-402 ELE-403 ECE-401 ECE-402 MTH-401E ECE-401EL ELE-401L ELE-402L ECE-403L Course Title Electrical Machines- II Control Systems –I Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments Analog Electronic Circuits-II Electronic Design and Automation Tools Mathematics – IV EDA Lab Electrical Machines Lab -II Electrical Measurements Lab Analog Electronic Circuits Lab – II Total Teaching Periods per week L T P 3 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 Credits 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 2 2 4 1 2 1 1 14 6 10 25 Course No.: ELE-401 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-II Basic Concepts in A.C. Rotating Electrical Machines, The rotating magnetic field, Magnetomotive force and flux distribution, Induced voltage, Production of torque, Leakage flux. POLYPHASE INDUCTION MACHINES: Theory of three phase induction motors, Principle of operation, slip, phasor diagram, equivalent circuits, expression for torque, maximum torque, starting torque and output power, torque-slip and power-slip characteristics, Circle diagram, Predetermination of characteristics from the circuit diagram, Drawing circle diagram from design parameters and no load and blocked rotor test data, power factor control of three phase induction motor, Starting of Induction motors, Speed control of induction motor, Cogging & Crawling, applications of poly-phase induction motors. SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE: Types of Exciters for synchronous machines, MMF and EMF phasor diagrams for cylindrical rotor synchronous machines, Armature reaction open and short circuit characteristics, Leakage reactance, Synchronous reactance, Phasor diagram under loaded conditions, Load characteristics, Predetermination of regulation by EMF and Portier triangle methods for non-salient pole alternators. Steady state power flow equations, Power angle characteristics, Constant excitation and constant power output, Circle diagram for synchronous machines. Two reaction theory for salient pole alternators and pre-determination for regulation, slip test, V curves, inverted V curves, Hunting and its suppression, starting of synchronous motor, Synchronous condenser PARALLEL OPERATION OF ALTERNATORS: Synchronization of alternators by dark lamp method, Parallel operation of alternators, Alternator on infinite bus bar, Effect of change of excitation and prime mover inputs. SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Principle of operation, double revolving field theory, Equivalent circuit, performance calculations and characteristics, Starting methods, Maximum starting torque conditions in single-phase induction motors. SPECIAL MACHINES: High torque induction motor, double cage and deep bar rotor construction. Hysteresis motor, Reluctance motor and Stepper motor. BOOKS/ REFERENCES: 1. Electrical Machinery by P.S. Bhimbra, Khanna Publishers, Delhi,7th Edition,2004 2. Electric Machinery by A.E.Fitzerald, C.Kingsley and S.D.Umans, Tata McGraw Hill,6th Edition,2002. 3. Generalized theory of Electrical Machines by P.S.Bhimbra, Khanna Publishers Delhi,5th Edition,2003. 4. Theory of AC Machinery by A.S.Langsdorf, Tata McGraw Hill,2nd Edition,1955 5. The Performance and Design of Alternating Current-Machines by M.G.Say, Pitman Publishers,2nd Edition Course No.: ELE-402 CONTROL SYSTEMS-I Introduction to continuous control systems: Definition of a control system, open-loop, closed loop (automatic and manual) control. Mathematical modeling: Transfer functions, block diagrams, signal flow graphs. First and second order system: Example of first and second order systems, responses of these systems to step, ramp, parabolic and sinusoidal inputs, transient, steady state and error analysis. Stability studies: Definition of stability, stability and pole locations, stability and Routh Table, stability and frequency response bode plot, polar plot, Nyquist criterion, root locus. Proportional, Integral, Derivative (P.I.D) control. , Introductiontocontrolsystemdesignpreliminaryconsiderations-lead, lag and lead-lag compensation, Design of lead compensators and lag compensators. Compensator design Lead – lag compensators Text Books: 1. Control Systems Engineering, Norman S. Nise, John Wiley 2. Control Systems by Hassan Syed, S.K. Kataria & Sons. 3. Control systems, A. Anand Kumar, PHI Learning Private limited. 4. Feedback control of dynamic systems, Franklin and Powel, Prentice Hall. Course No.: ELE-403 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS &MEASURING INSTRUMENTS ERRORS & ACCURACY: Static error, Static calibration, Error calibration curve, Limiting errors, Relative limiting errors, Types of errors- Gross Errors, Systematic Errors, Random (Residual) Errors, Accuracy and precision, Static sensitivity, Linearity, Hysteresis, Threshold, Dead Time, Resolution of instrument, loading effects, Introduction to measurement standards. ELECTRICAL & MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS: Introduction, D’Arsonval galvanometer, moving iron & moving coil instruments, Electrodynamometer, Electrostatic Instruments, Induction type energy-meter, wattmeter. Determination of B-H curve and Hysteresis loop. RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS: Measurement of Low resistance using potentiometer method and Kelvin double bridge, Measurement of medium resistance using ammeter-voltmeter method, substitution method, Wheatstone bridge, Measurement of high resistance using loss of charge method, Meggar, Measurement of earth resistance, localization of cable faults by Murray and Varley loop test. INDUCTANCE AND CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENTS: Measurement of inductance and capacitance by A.C. Bridge methods, Q-factor and dissipation factor. Sources of errors in bridge circuits, Shielding of bridge elements, Wagner Earthing Device MEASUREMENT OF POWER FACTOR AND FREQUENCY: Single phase, three phase Electrodynamometer type power factor meter. Moving iron Power factor meters, Types of frequency meter, mechanical resonance type, Electrical resonance type, Ratio meter type.POTENTIOMETERS: Basic D.C. potentiometer circuit, Modern form of D.C. potentiometer, measurement of voltage, current, Resistance and calibration of voltmeter & ammeter using D.C. potentiometer, volt ratio box, A.C. potentiometers and their applications. INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS: Introduction, Use of Instrument transformers, Ratios, Basic constructional features of C.T. and P.T., Ratio & Phase angle errors, Reduction of Errors. BOOKS/ REFERENCES: 1. A Course of Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation by A.K. Sawhney, DhanpatRai& Sons 2. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques by W.D. Cooper & A.D. Helfrick, Prentice-Hall India. 3. Electrical Measurement & Measuring Instruments by E.W. Golding, Wheeler Publishing Course No.: ECE-401 Analog Electronic Circuits-II Feedback Basics: Negative feedback, Effect of negative feedback on the performance of amplifiers e.g. on bandwidth. Types of feedback amplifiers, current shunt, current series, voltage shunt, and voltage series feedback. Analysis of feedback amplifiers circuits. Sinusoidal Oscillators: Basic operations, analysis of general oscillator circuit, Barkhausen’s criteria, various types of oscillator circuits and their analysis, Design of practical oscillator circuits. Power Amplifiers: Classification of power amplifiers, Class A, Class B, Class AB and Class C power amplifiers; analysis and design. Operational Amplifiers: Operational amplifiers stages, Differential amplifier, CMRR, Cascade amplifier, Ideal and practical operational amplifier characteristics and properties OP amp applications, inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, difference amplifier, summer, differentiator and integrator, rectifiers etc. OP-amp in analog computation. Frequency response, Gain Bandwidth product, Signal to noise ratio. Multivibrators and Wave Form Generators: Bistable, Monostable and Astable Multivibrator circuits, and their analysis. Wave form generators, triangular and square wave generators. IC-555 Timer: Pin diagram, circuit implementations, Power supplies, voltage regulators and IC regulators. Introduction to digital Integrated circuits and various logic families, TTL, DTL, RTL, CMOS, PMOS, NMOS and ECL. Text Books: 1. Integrated circuits, Millman & Halkias, Tata Mc-Graw Hill 2008 2. Microelectronic circuits Sedra and Smith Oxford university Press 5th Edition 3. Introduction to Electronic Circuit Design Spencer and Ghausi Course No.: ECE-402 ELECTRONIC DESIGN AND AUTOMATION TOOLS Introduction to Simulation mechanism and simulation tools ,Introduction to Spice, Description of Spice-Types of Spice-Types of analysis-Pspice Platform(Pspice A/D,PspiceSchemetics,Pspice Capture)-circuit descriptions :input files-element values-nodes-circuit elements-sources-output variables-netlist. Types of Alalysis: DC circuit Analysis-Transient Analysis-AC circuit Analysisnoise analysis- Fourier Alnalysis Modelling and Simulation using MATLAB & Simulink:Introduction to MATLAB-MATLAB Desktop-Types of Files-Basic Arithmetic operations-variables and arrays-control structures-file handling-plotting-Introduction to Simulink-creating and simulating a Simulink model-Data import and Export-basic electrical and network applications in MATLAB & SIMULINK. Virtual Instrumentation:Introduction to Graphical Programming:Introduction to LabViewsoftware environment-modular programming-repetition and loops-arrays-clusters-plotting datainstrument control and data acquisition. Books Recommended 1.Muhammad H. Rashid, “Introduction to Pspice Using Orcad”,Pearson Education. 2.Duane Henselman,Bruce Littlefield, “Mastering MATLAB 7”,Pearson Education. 3.Modelling & Simulation Using MATLAB,”DrShailendraJain”,Wiley India 4.Jovitha Jerome, “Virtual Instrumentation Using Labview”,PHI. Course No.: MTH-401E Mathematics-IV Complex Variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy Riemann equations, complex integration, Cauchy’s fundamental theorem, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s inequality and Liouville’s theorem on integral function, Taylor’s and Laurent’s expansions, Zeroes and poles of analytic functions, Residues and contour integration. Special Functions: Solution of series, Legendres functions, Rodriguess formula, generating functions for Legendres Polynomials and recurrence formulae. Bessel’s functions, Recurrence formulae and Bessel’s functions of integral order. Wavelet Transform: Continuous wavelet transform, Basic properties of wavelet transform, Discrete wavelet transform, Orthonormal wavelets, multi Resolution analysis, Construction of Orthonormal wavelets, Daubchies wavelets and algorithms. Band limited wavelets, Balian low theorem. References: 1. 2. 3. 4. Complex Variables & Applications by R. V. Churchill Theory of Functions of Complex Variables by E. I. Copson A first course on Wavelets Eugenio Hernandez and Guido Weiss,C.R.C.Press Ten lectures on Wavelets I. Daubchies SIAM Publications Course No.: ECE-401EL EDA LAB A:MULTISIM/PROTEUS/ORCAD/PSPICE 1. a)To simulate a half wave and a full wave rectifiers (bridge and centertapped) and to study their performance. b)To suppress the ripple of half wave rectifier, bridge and center-tapped rectifiers using RC filter. 2. To Simulate Zener diode as a voltage regulator 3. To Design & simulate Zener diode based voltage regulated power supply with short circuit protection. 4. To Design & simulate an IC voltage regulator based power supply of 5V, 9V& 12V. 5. To Simulate and observe the performance of clipping and clamping circuits. 6. To Simulate a CB amplifier and observe t h e i r performance. 7. To Simulate a CE amplifiers with various biasing configurations. 8. To Simulate a CC amplifiers with various biasing configurations. 9. To Design & Simulate a two stage RC-coupled amplifier and observe its output. 10. Simulation & Verification of the truth tables of TTL gates(7400, 7402, 7404, 7408, 7432, 7486….). 11. Simulation & Verification of NAND and NOR gates as universal logic gates and implement all other gates using these universal gates. 12. Simulation and verification of truth tables of various combinational circuits like encoders,decoders,multiplexers,demultiplexers,priorityencoders,magnitude comparators, display decoders, adders, subtractors, etc. 13. Design and Simulation of basic NOT, OR, AND, NAND, NOR gates using DDL, RTL, DTL, TTL & CMOS integrated circuits. 14. Design & Simulation of various flip-flops like SR, JK, D & T, WITH VARIOUS SYNCHRONOUS AND ASYNCHRONOUS INPUTS AND CONFIGURATIONS. B.MATLAB/SIMULINK: 1. Basic Array Operations 2. 2D plotting and 3D plotting. 3. Control structure programming. 4. Working with audio and pictures. C. LAB VIEW: 1. Computing expressions using graphical programming. 2. Creating a VI to find the decimal equivalent of a binary number. 3. Creating a sub VI to find Grey Code Equivalent ofa BCD number. 4. Create a VI to display a waveform chart. 5. Build a VI to generate a sine waveform with options to vary amplitude, frequency and offset. Course No.: ELE-401L ELECTRICAL MACHINES LAB - II 1. To study the different parts of an Induction motor. To determine the equivalent–circuit parameters of a 3-φ Induction motor by (i) No load test (ii) Blocked rotor test. 2. To determine the Torque / speed characteristics of 3-φ Induction motor 3. To determine the speed characteristics of a Schrage motor. 4. To study the speed control of an Induction motor by pole-changing method 5. To determine the speed / Torque characteristics of an AC series motor (Universal motor) 6. To determine the equivalent circuit parameters of a 1-φ Induction motor by (i) No load test (ii) Blocked rotor test. 7. Study of the construction of a synchronous machine. 8. To obtain the OCC and SCC of a synchronous machine by Synchronous impedance method 9. To synchronize an alternator with bus bars using bright / dark lump method 10. To find voltage regulation of an alternator by actual loading 11. To obtain the V-curves and inverted V-curves of a synchronous motor 12. To determine Xd and Xq of a salient pole synchronous machine using Slip test Course No.: ELE-402L ELECTRICAL MEASURMENTS LAB 1. Measurement in single phase and three phase circuits using single phase and three phase wattmeter’s 2. Energy Measurement using watt-hour meter as well as using wattmeter and stop watch. 3. To study the constructional details of an electromechanical indicating instrument with the help of demonstration type of instrument 4. Measurement of Inductance and capacitance using Bridge techniques(Anderson’s Bridge, Wheat Stone’s Bridge). 5. Measurement of Resistance by different methods (Loss of charge method, substitution Method, Kelvin’s Double Bridge). 6. To Study RC and LC models of a transmission line and observe the variation of voltage magnitude and phase along the line. 7. Measurement of Electrical and Non Electrical quantities using virtual instrumentation. (Dasylab). Course No: ECE - 403L ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB - II. 1. Power amplifiers: Design & s i m u l a t e class A and class AB push-pull power amplifiers and verify their power output. 2. Study of IC power amplifier. 3. Oscillators: Design & simulation of RC phase shift, Weinbridge, Hartley and Colpitts oscillators. 4. Design and Simulation of Tuned amplifiers. 5. Study, design and simulate Darlington emitter-follower configuration. 6. Design and simulate monostable, astable and bistable multivibrators using 555 Timer. 7. Design and simulation of OPAMP based inverter, adder, subtractor, differentiator, and integrator.