# New Syllabus for B.Tech. 4th Sem ELE ```Syllabus
for
B.Tech Program
(Electrical Engineering)
At College of Engineering
(For 2014 Batch)
Faculty of Engineering
University of Kashmir
Hazratbal, Srinagar-6, J&amp;K
COURSE STRUCTURE FOR
B.Tech 4thSemester Electrical (2014)
AT UNIVERSITY OF KASHMIR
Course
Code
ELE-401
ELE-402
ELE-403
ECE-401
ECE-402
MTH-401E
ECE-401EL
ELE-401L
ELE-402L
ECE-403L
Course Title
Electrical Machines- II
Control Systems –I
Electrical Measurements and
Measuring Instruments
Analog Electronic Circuits-II
Electronic Design and
Automation Tools
Mathematics – IV
EDA Lab
Electrical Machines Lab -II
Electrical Measurements Lab
Analog Electronic Circuits Lab
– II
Total
Teaching Periods
per week
L
T
P
3
1
0
2
1
0
2
1
0
Credits
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
0
0
3
3
3
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
4
2
2
4
1
2
1
1
14
6
10
25
Course No.: ELE-401
ELECTRICAL MACHINES-II
Basic Concepts in A.C. Rotating Electrical Machines, The rotating magnetic field, Magnetomotive force and flux distribution, Induced voltage, Production of torque, Leakage flux.
POLYPHASE INDUCTION MACHINES: Theory of three phase induction motors, Principle
of operation, slip, phasor diagram, equivalent circuits, expression for torque, maximum torque,
starting torque and output power, torque-slip and power-slip characteristics, Circle diagram,
Predetermination of characteristics from the circuit diagram, Drawing circle diagram from
design parameters and no load and blocked rotor test data, power factor control of three phase
induction motor, Starting of Induction motors, Speed control of induction motor, Cogging &amp;
Crawling, applications of poly-phase induction motors.
SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE: Types of Exciters for synchronous machines, MMF and EMF
phasor diagrams for cylindrical rotor synchronous machines, Armature reaction open and short
circuit characteristics, Leakage reactance, Synchronous reactance, Phasor diagram under loaded
conditions, Load characteristics, Predetermination of regulation by EMF and Portier triangle
methods for non-salient pole alternators. Steady state power flow equations, Power angle
characteristics, Constant excitation and constant power output, Circle diagram for synchronous
machines. Two reaction theory for salient pole alternators and pre-determination for regulation,
slip test, V curves, inverted V curves, Hunting and its suppression, starting of synchronous
motor, Synchronous condenser
PARALLEL OPERATION OF ALTERNATORS: Synchronization of alternators by dark
lamp method, Parallel operation of alternators, Alternator on infinite bus bar, Effect of change
of excitation and prime mover inputs.
SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Principle of operation, double revolving field
theory, Equivalent circuit, performance calculations and characteristics, Starting methods,
Maximum starting torque conditions in single-phase induction motors.
SPECIAL MACHINES: High torque induction motor, double cage and deep bar rotor
construction. Hysteresis motor, Reluctance motor and Stepper motor.
BOOKS/ REFERENCES:
1. Electrical Machinery by P.S. Bhimbra, Khanna Publishers, Delhi,7th Edition,2004
2. Electric Machinery by A.E.Fitzerald, C.Kingsley and S.D.Umans, Tata McGraw Hill,6th
Edition,2002.
3. Generalized theory of Electrical Machines by P.S.Bhimbra, Khanna Publishers Delhi,5th
Edition,2003.
4. Theory of AC Machinery by A.S.Langsdorf, Tata McGraw Hill,2nd Edition,1955
5. The Performance and Design of Alternating Current-Machines by M.G.Say, Pitman
Publishers,2nd Edition
Course No.: ELE-402
CONTROL SYSTEMS-I
Introduction to continuous control systems: Definition of a control system, open-loop, closed loop
(automatic and manual) control. Mathematical modeling: Transfer functions, block diagrams,
signal flow graphs. First and second order system: Example of first and second order systems,
responses of these systems to step, ramp, parabolic and sinusoidal inputs, transient, steady state
and error analysis.
Stability studies: Definition of stability, stability and pole locations, stability and Routh Table,
stability and frequency response bode plot, polar plot, Nyquist criterion, root locus.
lag compensators. Compensator design Lead – lag compensators
Text Books:
1. Control Systems Engineering, Norman S. Nise, John Wiley
2. Control Systems by Hassan Syed, S.K. Kataria &amp; Sons.
3. Control systems, A. Anand Kumar, PHI Learning Private limited.
4. Feedback control of dynamic systems, Franklin and Powel, Prentice Hall.
Course No.: ELE-403
ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS &amp;MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
ERRORS &amp; ACCURACY: Static error, Static calibration, Error calibration curve, Limiting
errors, Relative limiting errors, Types of errors- Gross Errors, Systematic Errors, Random
(Residual) Errors, Accuracy and precision, Static sensitivity, Linearity, Hysteresis, Threshold,
ELECTRICAL &amp; MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS: Introduction, D’Arsonval
galvanometer, moving iron &amp; moving coil instruments, Electrodynamometer, Electrostatic
Instruments, Induction type energy-meter, wattmeter. Determination of B-H curve and
Hysteresis loop.
RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS: Measurement of Low resistance using potentiometer
method and Kelvin double bridge, Measurement of medium resistance using ammeter-voltmeter
method, substitution method, Wheatstone bridge, Measurement of high resistance using loss of
charge method, Meggar, Measurement of earth resistance, localization of cable faults by Murray
and Varley loop test. INDUCTANCE AND CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENTS:
Measurement of inductance and capacitance by A.C. Bridge methods, Q-factor and dissipation
factor. Sources of errors in bridge circuits, Shielding of bridge elements, Wagner Earthing
Device
MEASUREMENT OF POWER FACTOR AND FREQUENCY: Single phase, three phase
Electrodynamometer type power factor meter. Moving iron Power factor meters, Types of
frequency meter, mechanical resonance type, Electrical resonance type, Ratio meter
type.POTENTIOMETERS: Basic D.C. potentiometer circuit, Modern form of D.C.
potentiometer, measurement of voltage, current, Resistance and calibration of voltmeter &amp;
ammeter using D.C. potentiometer, volt ratio box, A.C. potentiometers and their applications.
INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS: Introduction, Use of Instrument transformers, Ratios,
Basic constructional features of C.T. and P.T., Ratio &amp; Phase angle errors, Reduction of Errors.
BOOKS/ REFERENCES:
1. A Course of Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation by A.K.
Sawhney, DhanpatRai&amp; Sons
2. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques by W.D. Cooper &amp; A.D.
Helfrick, Prentice-Hall India.
3. Electrical Measurement &amp; Measuring Instruments by E.W. Golding, Wheeler Publishing
Course No.: ECE-401
Analog Electronic Circuits-II
Feedback Basics: Negative feedback, Effect of negative feedback on the performance of
amplifiers e.g. on bandwidth. Types of feedback amplifiers, current shunt, current series, voltage
shunt, and voltage series feedback. Analysis of feedback amplifiers circuits. Sinusoidal
Oscillators: Basic operations, analysis of general oscillator circuit, Barkhausen’s criteria, various
types of oscillator circuits and their analysis, Design of practical oscillator circuits. Power
Amplifiers: Classification of power amplifiers, Class A, Class B, Class AB and Class C power
amplifiers; analysis and design.
Operational Amplifiers: Operational amplifiers stages, Differential amplifier, CMRR, Cascade
amplifier, Ideal and practical operational amplifier characteristics and properties OP amp
applications, inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, difference amplifier, summer, differentiator
and integrator, rectifiers etc. OP-amp in analog computation. Frequency response, Gain Bandwidth
product, Signal to noise ratio.
Multivibrators and Wave Form Generators: Bistable, Monostable and Astable Multivibrator
circuits, and their analysis. Wave form generators, triangular and square wave generators. IC-555
Timer: Pin diagram, circuit implementations, Power supplies, voltage regulators and IC regulators.
Introduction to digital Integrated circuits and various logic families, TTL, DTL, RTL, CMOS,
PMOS, NMOS and ECL.
Text Books:
1. Integrated circuits, Millman &amp; Halkias, Tata Mc-Graw Hill 2008
2. Microelectronic circuits Sedra and Smith Oxford university Press 5th Edition
3. Introduction to Electronic Circuit Design Spencer and Ghausi
Course No.: ECE-402
ELECTRONIC DESIGN AND AUTOMATION TOOLS
Introduction to Simulation mechanism and simulation tools ,Introduction to Spice, Description of
Spice-Types of Spice-Types of analysis-Pspice Platform(Pspice A/D,PspiceSchemetics,Pspice
Capture)-circuit descriptions :input files-element values-nodes-circuit elements-sources-output
variables-netlist. Types of Alalysis: DC circuit Analysis-Transient Analysis-AC circuit Analysisnoise analysis- Fourier Alnalysis
Modelling and Simulation using MATLAB &amp; Simulink:Introduction to MATLAB-MATLAB
Desktop-Types of Files-Basic Arithmetic operations-variables and arrays-control structures-file
and Export-basic electrical and network applications in MATLAB &amp; SIMULINK.
Virtual Instrumentation:Introduction to Graphical Programming:Introduction to LabViewsoftware environment-modular programming-repetition and loops-arrays-clusters-plotting datainstrument control and data acquisition.
Books Recommended
2.Duane Henselman,Bruce Littlefield, “Mastering MATLAB 7”,Pearson Education.
3.Modelling &amp; Simulation Using MATLAB,”DrShailendraJain”,Wiley India
4.Jovitha Jerome, “Virtual Instrumentation Using Labview”,PHI.
Course No.: MTH-401E
Mathematics-IV
Complex Variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy Riemann equations, complex integration,
Cauchy’s fundamental theorem, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s inequality and Liouville’s
theorem on integral function, Taylor’s and Laurent’s expansions, Zeroes and poles of analytic
functions, Residues and contour integration.
Special Functions: Solution of series, Legendres functions, Rodriguess formula, generating
functions for Legendres Polynomials and recurrence formulae. Bessel’s functions, Recurrence
formulae and Bessel’s functions of integral order.
Wavelet Transform: Continuous wavelet transform, Basic properties of wavelet transform,
Discrete wavelet transform, Orthonormal wavelets, multi Resolution analysis, Construction of
Orthonormal wavelets, Daubchies wavelets and algorithms. Band limited wavelets, Balian low
theorem.
References:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Complex Variables &amp; Applications by R. V. Churchill
Theory of Functions of Complex Variables by E. I. Copson
A first course on Wavelets Eugenio Hernandez and Guido Weiss,C.R.C.Press
Ten lectures on Wavelets I. Daubchies SIAM Publications
Course No.: ECE-401EL
EDA LAB
1.
a)To simulate a half wave and a full wave rectifiers (bridge and centertapped) and to study their performance.
b)To suppress the ripple of half wave rectifier, bridge and center-tapped rectifiers
using RC filter.
2. To Simulate Zener diode as a voltage regulator
3. To Design &amp; simulate Zener diode based voltage regulated power supply with short
circuit protection.
4. To Design &amp; simulate an IC voltage regulator based power supply of 5V, 9V&amp; 12V.
5. To Simulate and observe the performance of clipping and clamping circuits.
6. To Simulate a CB amplifier and observe t h e i r performance.
7. To Simulate a CE amplifiers with various biasing configurations.
8. To Simulate a CC amplifiers with various biasing configurations.
9. To Design &amp; Simulate a two stage RC-coupled amplifier and observe its output.
10. Simulation &amp; Verification of the truth tables of TTL gates(7400, 7402, 7404, 7408, 7432,
7486….).
11. Simulation &amp; Verification of NAND and NOR gates as universal logic gates and implement
all other gates using these universal gates.
12. Simulation and verification of truth tables of various combinational circuits like
encoders,decoders,multiplexers,demultiplexers,priorityencoders,magnitude comparators,
13. Design and Simulation of basic NOT, OR, AND, NAND, NOR gates using DDL, RTL,
DTL, TTL &amp; CMOS integrated circuits.
14. Design &amp; Simulation of various flip-flops like SR, JK, D &amp; T, WITH VARIOUS
SYNCHRONOUS AND ASYNCHRONOUS INPUTS AND CONFIGURATIONS.
1. Basic Array Operations
2. 2D plotting and 3D plotting.
3. Control structure programming.
4. Working with audio and pictures.
C. LAB VIEW:
1. Computing expressions using graphical programming.
2. Creating a VI to find the decimal equivalent of a binary number.
3. Creating a sub VI to find Grey Code Equivalent ofa BCD number.
4. Create a VI to display a waveform chart.
5. Build a VI to generate a sine waveform with options to vary amplitude, frequency and
offset.
Course No.: ELE-401L
ELECTRICAL MACHINES LAB - II
1. To study the different parts of an Induction motor. To determine the equivalent–circuit
parameters of a 3-φ Induction motor by (i) No load test (ii) Blocked rotor test.
2. To determine the Torque / speed characteristics of 3-φ Induction motor
3. To determine the speed characteristics of a Schrage motor.
4. To study the speed control of an Induction motor by pole-changing method
5. To determine the speed / Torque characteristics of an AC series motor (Universal motor)
6. To determine the equivalent circuit parameters of a 1-φ Induction motor by (i) No load
test (ii) Blocked rotor test.
7. Study of the construction of a synchronous machine.
8. To obtain the OCC and SCC of a synchronous machine by Synchronous impedance
method
9. To synchronize an alternator with bus bars using bright / dark lump method
11. To obtain the V-curves and inverted V-curves of a synchronous motor
12. To determine Xd and Xq of a salient pole synchronous machine using Slip test
Course No.: ELE-402L
ELECTRICAL MEASURMENTS LAB
1. Measurement in single phase and three phase circuits using single phase and three phase
wattmeter’s
2. Energy Measurement using watt-hour meter as well as using wattmeter and stop watch.
3. To study the constructional details of an electromechanical indicating instrument with the
help of demonstration type of instrument
4. Measurement of Inductance and capacitance using Bridge techniques(Anderson’s Bridge,
Wheat Stone’s Bridge).
5. Measurement of Resistance by different methods (Loss of charge method, substitution
Method, Kelvin’s Double Bridge).
6. To Study RC and LC models of a transmission line and observe the variation of voltage
magnitude and phase along the line.
7. Measurement of Electrical and Non Electrical quantities using virtual instrumentation.
(Dasylab).
Course No: ECE - 403L
ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB - II.
1. Power amplifiers: Design &amp; s i m u l a t e class A and class AB push-pull power amplifiers and
verify their power output.
2. Study of IC power amplifier.
3. Oscillators: Design &amp; simulation of RC phase shift, Weinbridge, Hartley and Colpitts
oscillators.
4. Design and Simulation of Tuned amplifiers.
5. Study, design and simulate Darlington emitter-follower configuration.
6. Design and simulate monostable, astable and bistable multivibrators using 555 Timer.
7. Design and simulation of OPAMP based inverter, adder, subtractor, differentiator, and
integrator.
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