1 Physics 206 Complete syllabus ( in pdf ) is posted on the course web site: http://www.phy.ilstu.edu /~hmb/phy206 /phy206.html 2 Instructor: Hiroshi Matsuoka Office: Moulton 313B Phone: (438) 3236 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Office hours: 2 - 3 p.m. (MWRF) or by appointment. 3 ‘53 : Born in Tokyo, Japan. ‘78 : B.Eng. in Materials Eng. (U. of Tokyo) Grad school (Physics, U. of I) ‘85 : Ph.D in theoretical high energy physics ‘85-’90 : Research associate at Argonne Nat. Lab U. of Houston Nagoya U., Japan ‘90- : ISU (theoretical statistical physics) 4 Business Admin. Chemistry Theatre Communication Philosophy Others 3 3 3 2 2 10 Sophomores Juniors Seniors 8 5 11 5 Texts (Required) “Chaos: Making a New Science” by James Gleick “Physics 206 Class Notes” by Matsuoka (PIP: Packet #3) 6 Course content Recent developments in “nonlinear science” in the cultural context of the latter half of the 20th century Especially, the recognition of “deterministic chaos” in a wide variety of natural phenomena 7 Course objectives 1. The role played by the human culture in the evolution of science 2. Impacts that scientific ideas have on the wider culture 3. A basic understanding of nonlinear science, especially deterministic chaos 8 Course structure I. At home before each class • Reading an assigned portion of the text II. Class • A 3-min multiple-choice reading quiz at the beginning of class • Lecture/demonstrations • In-class hands-on labs 9 III. At home and/or in the computer studio lab (Moulton 309) • Homework questions IV. A 50-minute quiz after each chapter V. A 2-hr comprehensive final exam 10 Reading assignment & reading quizzes • Reading assignment: on the course web site • At the beginning of class: a 3-min multiple-choice reading quiz • Extra points • No make-up reading quiz • Answers: given in class right after the quiz • Answers: also on the web site 11 6 in-class hands-on labs • One lab with the lowest score will be dropped 6 homework sets • Homework sets will be posted on the web site • Answers are given in class • No late homework accepted • The set with the lowest score will be dropped 12 Quizzes • A 50-min quiz after each chapter • 5 quizzes + an “optional” extra quiz • The quiz with the lowest score among the 5 quizzes will be dropped. 13 • If you take the optional extra quiz and your score is better than your lowest score from the kept 4 quizzes, the optional quiz will replace the quiz with the lowest score. • No make-up extra quiz • Tentative dates: “Class schedule” in the course syllabus 14 • Closed notes and closed book • A list of equations and constants: included • Cheating on a quiz -> a zero for that quiz that cannot be dropped 15 • In general, no make-up quiz. If an officially justifiable circumstance forces you to miss a quiz, contact me within one week after the missed quiz. If you fail to contact me within that one week, no make-up quiz. 16 Final Exam: (The date and time will be announced later) • The 2-hour final exam will cover topics covered in the 5 quizzes • Cheating -> a zero point for the exam • Closed notes and closed book • A list of equations and constants: included 17 On the course web site • Announcements including schedule changes. • Reading assignment • Links to the web sites mentioned in Class Notes • Reading quiz that you have taken and its answers 18 • Homework problems • Solutions for Homework problems • As the semester goes by, older “pdf” files will be taken off the web site. Download files ASAP. 19 Grades • Regular points (100 points) Homework In-class labs Quizzes Final Exam 25 points 5 points 50 points 20 points • Extra points from reading quizzes: at most 3 points Your extra points = 3 (Your Total)/(Total Max) 20 • Grading scale (subject to change) A B C D above 90.0 points above 80.0 points above 70.0 points above 60.0 points Important dates January 27 (M): the last day to withdraw w/o WX March 7 (F): the last day to withdraw w/ WX 21 Physicists’ view of nature (Class notes#1) Based on collective experiences accumulated over centuries 1. “Physical nature is understandable.” Behind seemingly complex physical phenomena, we find regularities that can be summarized by simple statements we call laws. 22 Using laws, we can explain a wide variety of phenomena. Physicists equate the simplicity of laws with the beauty of nature. Example: Newton’s laws of motion 23 2. “Universal laws.” Various natural phenomena can be understood in terms of the same set of laws. This universality of laws allows us to understand nature systematically. Example: Newton’s laws of motion and gravitation 24 3. “Only experiments and observations can establish physical laws.” Physics is an empirical science. Physical laws cannot be chosen arbitrarily. Example: Einstein’s special relativity: time runs slowly for a fast moving particle. Verified in the Lab. 25 4. “From a few basic laws to many results.” There are a “limited” number of basic laws, from which many results logically follow. Example: Newton’s laws of motion in mechanics 26 5. “Mathematics is physical nature’s language.” Once we discover basic physical concepts and a law connecting them, we can find mathematical expressions for the concepts and the law. Physical laws, as equations, lead to precise predictions for experiments.