7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator and Gas

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7866 Triple Range
Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator
and Gas Sampling Panel
Operation and Maintenance Manual
70-82-25-110
9/06
Industrial Measurement and Control
Copyright, Notices, and Trademarks
Printed in U.S.A. – © Copyright 2006 by Honeywell
Revision D – Sept. 2006
WARRANTY/REMEDY
Honeywell warrants goods of its manufacture as being free of defective materials and faulty
workmanship. Contact your local sales office for warranty information. If warranted goods are
returned to Honeywell during the period of coverage, Honeywell will repair or replace without charge
those items it finds defective. The foregoing is Buyer's sole remedy and is in lieu of all other
warranties, expressed or implied, including those of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose. Specifications may change without notice. The information we supply is
believed to be accurate and reliable as of this printing. However, we assume no responsibility for its
use.
While we provide application assistance personally, through our literature and the Honeywell web
site, it is up to the customer to determine the suitability of the product in the application.
CE Conformity (Europe)
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of the following European Council Directives:
73/23/EEC, the Low Voltage Directive, and 89/336/EEC, the EMC Directive. Conformity of this product with
any other “CE Mark” Directive(s) shall not be assumed.
Attention
The emission limits of EN 50081-2 are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when this equipment is operated in an industrial environment. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area may cause harmful interference. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and may cause interference to radio and television reception when the equipment is used
closer than 30 meters to the antenna(e). In special cases, when highly susceptible apparatus is used in
close proximity, the user may have to employ additional mitigating measures to further reduce the
electromagnetic emissions of this equipment.
Honeywell
Industrial Measurement and Control
1100 Virginia Drive
Fort Washington, PA 19034
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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About This Document
Abstract
This manual describes the installation and operation of the 7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2
Analyzer/Indicator and Gas Sampling Panel and its digital controller.
Contacts
World Wide Web
The following lists Honeywell’s World Wide Web sites that will be of interest to our customers.
Honeywell Organization
WWW Address (URL)
Corporate
http://www.honeywell.com
Industrial Measurement and Control
http://www.honeywell.com/imc
Telephone
Contact us by telephone at the numbers listed below.
Organization
United States and Canada
9/06
Honeywell
Phone Number
1-800-423-9883
1-800-525-7439
Tech. Support
Service
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
iii
INSTRUCTIONS (European ATEX Directive 94/9/EC, Annex II, 1.0.6)
The following instructions apply to equipment covered by certificate number Sira 05ATEX1249X.
1. The equipment may be used with flammable gases and vapours with apparatus groups IIC with
temperature class T6.
2. The equipment is only certified for use in ambient temperatures in the range -10ºC to +50ºC and should
not be used outside this range.
3. Installation shall be carried out by suitably trained personnel in accordance with the applicable code of
practice, e.g. EN 60074-14:1997.
4. Inspection and maintenance of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained personnel in
accordance with the applicable code of practice, e.g. EN 60097-17.
5. Repair of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained personnel in accordance with the
applicable code of practice, e.g. EN 60079-19.
6. See Section 3 of this manual for installation instructions.
See Section 4 of this manual for set up instructions.
See Section 5 of this manual for calibration instructions.
7. Components to be incorporated into or used as replacement parts of the equipment shall be fitted by
suitably trained personnel in accordance with the manufacturer’s documentation.
8. The certification of this equipment relies upon the following material used in its construction:
Aluminum Alloy 356
If the equipment is likely to come into contact with aggressive substances, then it is the responsibility
of the user to take suitable precautions that prevent it from being adversely affected, thus ensuring that
the type of protection provided by the equipment is not compromised.
Aggressive substances:
Acidic liquids or gases that may attack metals, or solvents
that may affect polymeric materials. (All gases specified by
Honeywell for use in this equipment are non-corrosive and non-reactive).
Suitable precautions:
Regular checks as part of routine inspections or establishing
from the material data sheets that it is resistant to specific chemicals.
9. A copy of the certification marking can be found on page v of this manual and Honeywell drawing
51452210.
10. Detailed specifications for electrical, environmental and sample gas requirements for this product can
be found in Section 2 of this manual.
Special Conditions for Safe Use
The 7866 Thermal Conductivity Gas Analyzers shall not be used in carbon disulphide gas.
The 7866 Thermal Conductivity Gas Analyzers shall not be used to analyze gas samples with
an oxygen concentration higher that 21%.
The 7866 Thermal Conductivity Gas Analyzers shall not be used to analyze explosive gas
mixtures.
The 7866 Thermal Conductivity Gas Analyzers shall only be used to analyze gas samples at
pressures up to 2 lbf/in2 (13.8 Kpa).
iv
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Copy of the certification marking
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
v
Symbol Definitions
The following table lists those symbols that may be used in this document to denote certain conditions.
Symbol
Definition
This DANGER symbol indicates an imminently hazardous situation, which,
if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
This WARNING symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if
not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
This CAUTION symbol may be present on Control Product instrumentation
and literature. If present on a product, the user must consult the
appropriate part of the accompanying product literature for more
information.
This CAUTION symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if
not avoided, may result in property damage.
WARNING
PERSONAL INJURY: Risk of electrical shock. This symbol warns the user of a
potential shock hazard where HAZARDOUS LIVE voltages greater than 30 Vrms,
42.4 Vpeak, or 60 Vdc may be accessible. Failure to comply with these
instructions could result in death or serious injury.
ATTENTION, Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe precautions for
handling electrostatic sensitive devices
Protective Earth (PE) terminal. Provided for connection of the protective earth (green
or green/yellow) supply system conductor.
Functional earth terminal. Used for non-safety purposes such as noise immunity
improvement. NOTE: This connection shall be bonded to protective earth at the
source of supply in accordance with national local electrical code requirements.
Earth Ground. Functional earth connection. NOTE: This connection shall be bonded
to Protective earth at the source of supply in accordance with national and local
electrical code requirements.
Chassis Ground. Identifies a connection to the chassis or frame of the equipment
shall be bonded to Protective Earth at the source of supply in accordance with
national and local electrical code requirements.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Contents
1.
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1
1.1
Overview ........................................................................................................................................ 1
1.2
Sensing Unit ................................................................................................................................... 2
1.3
7866 Digital Controller .................................................................................................................. 4
1.4
Principles of Operation................................................................................................................... 7
1.5
Process Instrument Explorer Software ........................................................................................... 8
1.6
CE Conformity (Europe) .............................................................................................................. 10
2.
SPECIFICATIONS AND MODEL SELECTION GUIDE ...................................... 11
2.1
Specifications ............................................................................................................................... 11
2.2
Model Selection Guide ................................................................................................................. 15
3.
INSTALLATION .................................................................................................. 19
3.1
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 19
3.2
Sensing Unit Requirements and Location .................................................................................... 19
3.3
Mounting the Sensing Unit........................................................................................................... 20
3.4
Piping or Tubing Connections...................................................................................................... 20
3.5
Mounting the 7866 Digital Controller/Indicator .......................................................................... 23
3.6
Electrical Considerations.............................................................................................................. 26
3.7
Wiring Between Sensing Unit, Controller, and Indicator ............................................................ 27
3.8
Checklist....................................................................................................................................... 32
4.
SET UP MODE.................................................................................................... 33
4.1
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 33
4.2
Configuration Tips ....................................................................................................................... 33
4.3
Unit Set Up Group........................................................................................................................ 34
4.4
Alarms Set Up Group ................................................................................................................... 36
4.5
Communications Set Up Group.................................................................................................... 36
4.6
Calibration Group......................................................................................................................... 39
4.7
Status Group ................................................................................................................................. 39
4.8
P.I.E. Tool Ethernet and Email Configuration Screens................................................................ 39
4.9
Configuring your Ethernet Connection ........................................................................................ 42
4.9.1 Connecting to the Controller via Infrared Communications ............................................. 42
4.9.2 Connecting to the Controller via Ethernet Communications............................................. 44
5.
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CALIBRATION.................................................................................................... 47
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
vii
5.1
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 47
5.2
Sensing Unit Calibration Warning ............................................................................................... 47
5.3
7866 Analyzer Input Calibration .................................................................................................. 48
5.4
7866 Remote Indicator Input Calibration..................................................................................... 51
5.5
Restoring Factory-set Input Calibration ....................................................................................... 52
5.6
Output Calibration ........................................................................................................................ 53
5.7
Security Lockout .......................................................................................................................... 54
5.8
Setting the Alarm Limits .............................................................................................................. 56
6.
OPERATION ....................................................................................................... 59
6.1
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 59
6.2
Operating Notes............................................................................................................................ 59
6.3
Operation ...................................................................................................................................... 59
7.
MAINTENANCE .................................................................................................. 61
7.1
Routine Maintenance.................................................................................................................... 61
7.2
Parts Replacement ........................................................................................................................ 61
7.2.1 Sensing Unit ...................................................................................................................... 61
7.3
Repacking..................................................................................................................................... 64
7.4
Spare Parts.................................................................................................................................... 65
8.
TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................ 67
8.1
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 67
8.2
Troubleshooting............................................................................................................................ 67
8.2.1 General .............................................................................................................................. 67
8.2.2 Recalibration...................................................................................................................... 67
8.2.3 Fault Isolation Tests........................................................................................................... 69
8.2.4 Additional Troubleshooting............................................................................................... 73
9.
APPENDIX A – 7872 GAS SAMPLING PANEL ................................................. 75
9.1
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 75
9.2
Model Selection Guide ................................................................................................................. 75
9.3
Installation .................................................................................................................................... 76
9.4
Maintenance ................................................................................................................................. 78
10.
APPENDIX B – SECURITY BYPASS ................................................................. 79
10.1
11.
viii
Overview................................................................................................................................... 79
SALES AND SERVICE ....................................................................................... 81
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Tables
Table 1-1 Function of Keys ......................................................................................................................... 5
Table 1-2 Relative Thermal Conductivity of Common Gases..................................................................... 7
Table 3-1 Mounting Procedure ................................................................................................................... 25
Table 3-2 Permissible Wiring Bundling .................................................................................................... 27
Table 3-3 Terminals for connecting a UDC to a MDI Compliant Hub or Switch utilizing a cross-over
cable..................................................................................................................................................... 31
Table 3-4 Terminals for connecting a UDC directly to a PC utilizing a straight-through cable................. 31
Table 4-1 Configuration Tips..................................................................................................................... 33
Table 4-2 Controller Unit Group Function Prompts.................................................................................. 34
Table 4-3 Indicator Unit Group Function Prompts.................................................................................... 35
Table 4-4 Alarms Group Function Prompts............................................................................................... 36
Table 4-5 Communications Group Function Prompts ............................................................................... 36
Parameter Definition .................................................................................................................................. 36
Table 4-6 Status Group Function Prompts................................................................................................. 39
Table 5-1 Input Calibration for Range 1.................................................................................................... 48
Table 5-2 Input Calibration for Range 2.................................................................................................... 49
Table 5-3 Input Calibration for Range 3.................................................................................................... 50
Table 5-4 PV Input Calibration.................................................................................................................. 51
Table 5-5 Restoring Analyzer’s Factory-set Input Calibration Values...................................................... 52
Table 5-6 Restoring Indicator’s Factory-set Input Calibration Values...................................................... 52
Table 5-7 Output Calibration Procedure.................................................................................................... 53
Table 5-8 Entering the Security Code........................................................................................................ 54
Table 5-9 Changing Security Level ........................................................................................................... 55
Table 5-10 Alarm Adjustment Procedure .................................................................................................. 57
Table 7-1 Sensing Unit Cell Assembly Cable Connections....................................................................... 63
Table 7-2 Recommended Spare Parts ........................................................................................................ 65
Table 8-1 Coarse Zero Adjustment............................................................................................................ 68
Table 8-2 Binary Count Sequence for Coarse Zero Jumper Pattern .......................................................... 68
Table 8-3 Coarse-Zero Jumper Pattern ...................................................................................................... 69
Table 8-4 Troubleshooting Procedures ...................................................................................................... 70
Table 9-1 Replaceable Parts for 7872 Gas Sampling Panel....................................................................... 78
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
ix
Figures
Figure 1-1 Digital 7866 Analyzer ................................................................................................................ 1
Figure 1-2 Sensing Unit, Showing Removal of Entire Sensing Assembly.................................................. 3
Figure 1-3 7866 Digital Controller, Front View .......................................................................................... 5
Figure 1-4 Triple-Range Hydrogen and Carbon Dioxide Analyzer Controller and Display Logic Chart... 6
Figure 1-5 Screen capture of Process Instrument Explorer running on a Pocket PC................................... 8
Figure 1-6 Depiction of infrared communications........................................................................................ 9
Figure 3-1 Outline and Mounting Dimensions for Sensing Unit............................................................... 22
Figure 3-2 Mounting Dimensions (not to scale) ........................................................................................ 24
Figure 3-3 Mounting Methods .................................................................................................................... 25
Figure 3-4 Mains Power Supply ................................................................................................................ 28
Figure 3-5 Interconnections Between Sensing Unit, Controller, and Indicator ......................................... 29
Figure 3-6 RS-422/485 Communications Option Connections .................................................................. 30
Figure 3-7 Ethernet Communications Option with Adaptor Board ............................................................ 30
Figure 3-8 Ethernet Communications Option without Adaptor Board ....................................................... 31
Figure 4-1 Ethernet Configuration Screen ................................................................................................. 40
Figure 4-2 Email Configuration Screen ..................................................................................................... 41
Figure 4-3 IR Communications Address ................................................................................................... 42
Figure 4-4 Configuration Upload in Progress............................................................................................ 43
Figure 4-5 Ethernet Communications Address .......................................................................................... 45
Figure 4-6 Configuration Upload in Progress............................................................................................ 46
Figure 7-1 Sensing Unit Mother and Daughter Circuit Cards Parts List ................................................... 62
Figure 7-2 Gas Inlet and Outlet Fitting Parts............................................................................................. 64
Figure 9-1 7872 Gas Sampling Panel Mounting Dimensions.................................................................... 77
Figure 9-2 7872 Gas Sampling Panel Exploded View .............................................................................. 78
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Introduction
1. Introduction
1.1
Overview
The Triple-Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator provides three ranges of measurement:
•
Range 1: CO2 in Air
•
Range 2: H2 in CO2
•
Range 3: H2 in Air – See Table 5-3
The analyzer consists of three basic components: the sensing unit (transmitter), the control unit
(receiver)—both shown in Figure 1-1—and a power supply. The sensing unit is located at the sampling
site; the 7866 Digital Controller is arranged for panel mounting in a non-hazardous area.
The sensing unit receives a continuous flow of the binary or multi-component gas mixture, measures the
concentration of the sample gas and transmits an electrical signal to the control unit. The sensing unit is
ruggedly constructed to meet most environmental conditions and is designed to be mounted up to 1,000
feet from the control unit with only a single multi-conductor non-shielded cable connecting the two,
resulting in greater flexibility and lower installation costs.
Figure 1-1 Digital 7866 Analyzer
The control unit receives the output signal from the sensing unit at the sampling site by way of the
interconnecting cable. The control unit is designed for simplified panel-mounting either at the sampling site
if environmental conditions permit, or in a control room. The unit can provide two current output signals to
a remote device for monitoring or recording purposes. The control unit is supplied with one or two alarms.
When an alarm is detected, the specific relay de-energizes creating an open circuit that can activate an
external annunciator or a relay to initiate a shutdown procedure for the process. When power is off the
alarm relay is de-energized.
An indicator model, which provides a continuous readout of the concentration of the gas under analysis, is
also available. The indicator input is connected to the controller's current output. The indicator has no
direct connection to the sensing unit.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
1
Introduction
1.2
Sensing Unit
The 7866 Thermal Conductivity analyzer’s Sensor Assembly is supplied in an explosion proof housing.
The housing consists of a rugged cast aluminum construction that permits reliable operation under adverse
ambient conditions.
The Sensor Assembly consists of two sections—the cell block assembly and the electronic assembly
(Figure 1-2).
The Cell Block assembly is constructed of stainless steel with two identical internal cells, the measuring
cell and the reference cell. The highly stable thermistor is mounted in each cell. These matched thermistors
form the active arms of a bridge circuit; the unbalanced current of the bridge provides the means of
measuring the relative ability of the sample and reference gases to conduct the heat away from their
respective thermistors to the cell wall, which is held at a constant temperature.
The cells in which the thermistors are mounted are dead-ended so the sample gas enters only by diffusion,
minimizing the effect of sample flow variations. In addition, the entire cell-block assembly is maintained at
a constant optimum temperature through two heaters and a control thermistor that are located in the cell
block assembly.
The Sensing Unit’s electronics assembly incorporates solid state electrical circuits. These circuits include:
• Current Regulator: supplies the constant current to the thermistor cell bridge circuit
• Proportional Action Temperature Controller: maintains the entire cell block at a constant
temperature
• Voltage to Current Converter/Amplifier: its current output is transmitted to the analyzer’s control
unit
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Introduction
Rugged threaded cover seals
on gasketed housing
Stainless steel handle facilitates
removal of sensor assembly
Cell-block electronics assembly
12
13
14
9
Stainless steel cell-block assembly
Inlet and outlet ports to measuring
and reference cells
Rugged, general purpose waterproof anddustproof
cast-aluminum housing
Inlet and outlet ports for sample gas
Figure 1-2 Sensing Unit, Showing Removal of Entire Sensing Assembly
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
3
Introduction
1.3
7866 Digital Controller
The 7866 Digital Controller shown in Figure 1-3 can provide a current output, a digital display of the
measured gas percentage, and up to two alarm circuits. The alarm limits are set using the integral keyboard
on the face of the instrument. The SETPOINT SELECT key is used to select the appropriate range.
A second current output is available and will supply a value for the selected range data that can be
retransmitted to a remote indicator.
The unit also provides access to the calibration settings for each range. The zero and span settings are
entered using the group prompt CALIB, function prompt RANGE n (n = 1, 2, or 3). Zero and span are
"live" readings until the FUNCTION key is pressed, at which time that displayed value is captured. The
increment/decrement keys can then be used to change the desired value. These values are normally secured
from inadvertent or unauthorized tampering using a four-digit security code.
If alarms are in use, the 7866 Digital Controller displays the alarm status. The alarms are listed by number
next to the ALM annunciator on the left side of the display.
If the Alarm is in force, the number “1” or “2 “ will be lit indicating the respective alarm and process
violation. These alarms will de-energize output relays that the user may hardwire to annunciation circuits
or to a safety shutdown system depending on the application. Alarm limits are adjusted through the group
prompt SETUP, function prompt ALARMS. The security feature can also secure alarm limits.
Normal power losses, even over extended time periods, will not affect the configuration of the controller.
The controller uses a nonvolatile memory system to secure the controller’s current configuration and
calibration settings. This will prevent any loss during outages.
The factory calibration constants that can be used with the controller are stored in its nonvolatile memory.
If a field calibration is lost, you can quickly restore the "factory calibration" and overwrite any previous
field calibration. Protection after calibration is available through the LOCKOUT feature.
The controller’s circuit boards are accessible for service and replacement. The modular design permits
selective replacement of circuits as required. The removable chassis eliminates the need to remove or
change any field wiring for a circuit board or controller change.
The rear of the controller has three terminal strips for field wire termination. All field terminations are
accessible from the rear of the controller. Stranded wire of 20 to 22 gauge is recommended. See wiring
section for more specific instructions.
The 7866 Digital Controller features a universal power supply that can be connected to line voltages of
90 Vac to 264 Vac or 24 Vac/dc. The line frequency can be 50 hertz or 60 hertz.
Power for the 7866 Sensing Unit is supplied by a separate 30 Volt dc power supply. This power supply is
also utilized by the controller to power its interconnections with the sensing unit.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Introduction
Upper display – 7 characters
ALM 1 or 2 indicated for Range 3 only
No other annunciators are used
Normal operation – 4 digit process
variable w/adjustable decimal point
Configuration mode – parameter values
or selection
Lower display – 8 characters
Normal operation – RANGE x (x = 1, 2, 3)
or the gas being measured
Configuration mode – Group or function
prompt
Figure 1-3 7866 Digital Controller, Front View
Table 1-1 Function of Keys
Key
Function
Setup
Func
Loop 1/2
SP
Select
Lower
Display
•
Places the controller in the Configuration Set Up group select mode. Sequentially displays Set
Up groups and allows the FUNC key to display individual functions in each Set Up group.
•
Used in conjunction with the SETUP key to select the individual functions of a selected
Configuration Set Up group.
•
Pressing this key saves, into nonvolatile memory, any changes made to previous function value
or selection.
•
Used during field calibration procedure.
•
Configuration Mode: Used to scroll through the parameter selections or to increase the selected
parameter value.*
•
Configuration Mode: Used to scroll through the parameter selections or to decrease the selected
parameter value.*
* Changing Values Quickly: When changing the value of a parameter, you can adjust a more
significant digit in the upper display by holding in one key
or , and pressing the other
or
at the same time. The adjustment will move one digit to the left. Press the key again and you will
move one more digit to the left. Holding the
or
keys down will change the value twice as
quickly.
•
Normal Operation: Used to toggle what is shown in the lower display—either the Range being
measured or its corresponding Gas.
•
Normal Operation: Used to scroll through the lower display selections:
• If Range was selected (by pressing SP SELECT), selections are RANGE 1, RANGE 2, or
RANGE 3.
• If Gas was selected (by pressing SP SELECT), selections are CO2inAIR, H2in CO2, H2in
AIR (corresponding to Range 1, Range 2, and Range 3 respectively).
Man
Auto
•
Unused keys
•
KEY ERR message will appear in lower display if one of these keys is pressed.
Run
Hold
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
5
Introduction
Lower Display
Microampere Signal
from Sensor
RANGE x =
Select Range 1, 2, or 3
OR
Gas being measured
Upper Display
Selected Range
0 -100%
Select Range
Zero and Span Limits
R1 ZERO = Range 1 Zero
0% CO 2 (100% Air)
Range 1 =
% Carbon Dioxide vs. Air
R1 SPAN = Range 1 Span
100% CO 2 (0% Air)
R2 ZERO = Range 2 Zero
0% H 2 (100% CO2)
Range 2 =
vs. CO2
% Hydrogen vs
R2 SPAN = Range 2 Span
100% H 2 (0% CO2)
R3 ZERO = Range 3 Zero
100% H 2 (0% N2)
Range 3 =
% Hydrogen vs. Air
R3 SPAN = Range 3 Span
75% H 2 (25% N2)
Carbon Dioxide
Purge
1
Out put Signal
0/4-20mA
Hydrogen Fill
2
Range 3 Alarms
Hydrogen Monitor
3
Low
98.0
Alarm 1
Low-Low
90.0
Alarm 2
Figure 1-4 Triple-Range Hydrogen and Carbon Dioxide Analyzer Controller
and Display Logic Chart
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Introduction
1.4
Principles of Operation
Thermal Conductivity Principles
Although basic thermal conductivity principles need not be included here, it may be appropriate to consider
the following expressions.
Thermal Conductivity of Gas
The thermal-conductivity of a gas mixture is approximately the sum of the products of the mole fractions
of each gas mixture. Therefore, using the letter K to represent thermal conductivity, a gas mixture of 15 %
CO2 in air can be defined by the following expression:
Kmix = 0.85 Kair + 0.15K CO2
Thermal Conductivity of Air
Expressing thermal conductivities in air can be defined by the following expression:
Kair is 1.00 and KCO2 is 0.704. Therefore
Kmix = 0.85 x 1 + 0.15 x 0.704 = 0.91.
Temperature Difference
Using a thermistor as the detector in a sample gas and another thermistor in the reference gas, the
difference in temperature of these two detectors can be estimated when the thermal conductivities of the
gas mixture of the sample gas and reference gas are known. This temperature difference can be expressed
as follows:
t = Kref – Kmix x (t1–t2)
Kmix
Where t1 is the reference thermistor temperature and t2 is the cell-block temperature. The above expression
applies only when the measuring and reference thermistors are heated to at least 120 °C, which is the
minimum temperature for which these thermistors will linearly sense thermal conductivity changes. It
applies when current input is constant and the heat losses are by thermal conductivity only.
Common Gases
Table 1-2 lists the common gases which can be measured by this method or can be present as components
in the background gas of the mixture being measured. All thermal conductivities are referred to air at 120
°C.
Table 1-2 Relative Thermal Conductivity of Common Gases
Component
9/06
Thermal Conductivity (K)
Component
Thermal Conductivity (K)
Air
1.000
Cl2
0.342
O2
1.028
SO2
0.350
NH3
1.040
H2S
0.540
CH4
1.450
Ar
0.665
He
5.530
CO2
0.704
H2
6.803
H2O
0.771
CO
0.958
N2
0.989
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
7
Introduction
1.5
Process Instrument Explorer Software
Overview
Process Instrument Explorer (P.I.E.) lets you configure your instrument on a desktop/laptop or Pocket PC.
For details see Process Instrument Explorer Manual #51-52-25-131. See included CD for P.I.E. software.
Features
•
Create configurations with intuitive software program running on a Pocket PC, a Desktop or a
laptop computer.
•
Create/edit configurations live, just connect software to the controller via a communications port.
•
Create/edit configurations offline and download to controller later via a communications port.
•
Communication types available on every 7866:
o
Infrared (optional)
o
RS 485 (optional)
o
Ethernet (optional)
•
Same port types on UDC controllers allow interconnectivity.
•
This software is available in English, Spanish, Italian, German and French.
Figure 1-5 Screen capture of Process Instrument Explorer
running on a Pocket PC
Infrared communications
The infrared connection provides a non-intrusive wireless connection with the instrument and maintains
NEMA4X AND IP66 integrity.
No need to get access to the back of the controller to communicate with the instrument, no need to take
your screw driver to wire the communication cable, no wiring mistake possible. You can now duplicate an
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Introduction
instrument’s configuration, upload or download a new configuration in a matter of seconds, just by
pointing your Pocket PC in the direction of the instrument.
It takes just a few seconds to upload a configuration from an instrument. You can then save the
configuration file onto your PC or pocket PC for review, modification or archiving. Furthermore, this
software also gives you important maintenance information on the controller: instantly, get information on
the current operating parameters, digital inputs and alarm status, identify internal or analog input problems.
Question: What if I have several controllers on the same panel? How can I be sure I am communicating
with the correct one?
Answer: The infrared port of the controller is normally “off”. You activate the infrared port by pressing
any controller’s key. You can now communicate. After 4 minutes, the port will be shut down again. Each
controller may also be assigned a different communications address.
Figure 1-6 Depiction of infrared communications
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9
Introduction
1.6
CE Conformity (Europe)
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of the following European Council
Directives: 73/23/EEC, the Low Voltage Directive, and 89/336/EEC, the EMC Directive. Conformity of
this product with any other “CE Mark” Directive(s) shall not be assumed.
Product Classification: Class I: Permanently connected, panel-mounted Industrial Control Equipment with
protective earthing (grounding) (EN61010-1).
Enclosure Rating: This controller must be panel-mounted with the rear terminals enclosed within the panel.
The front panel of the controller is rated at NEMA4X and IP66 when properly installed.
Installation Category (Overvoltage Category): Category II (EN61010-1)
Pollution Degree: Pollution Degree 2: Normally non-conductive pollution with occasional conductivity
caused by condensation. (Ref. IEC 664-1)
EMC Classification: Group 1, Class A, ISM Equipment (EN61326, emissions), Industrial Equipment
(EN61326, immunity)
Method of EMC Assessment: Technical File (TF)
Declaration of Conformity: 51453681
Deviation from the installation conditions specified in this manual, and the special conditions for CE
conformity in section 3.6, may invalidate this product’s conformity with the Low Voltage and EMC
Directives.
ATTENTION
The emission limits of EN61326 are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when this
equipment is operated in an industrial environment. Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause harmful
interference. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and may cause interference to radio and
television reception when the equipment is used closer than 30 meters (98 feet) to the antenna(e). In special cases, when
highly susceptible apparatus is used in close proximity, the user may have to employ additional mitigating measures to further
reduce the electromagnetic emissions of this equipment.
WARNING
If this equipment is used in a manner not specified by the manufacturer, the protection provided by the equipment may be
impaired.
10
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
2. Specifications and Model Selection Guide
2.1
Specifications
Performance
Accuracy
± 2 % of span (output signal) at reference conditions for binary gas mixtures
Linearity
Within ± 2 % of span for most standard ranges. If linearity exceeds ± 2 % a correction curve is
supplied with the analyzer.
Meter
Accuracy:
Digital Indication:
Repeatability
Short term: ± 0.3 % of span
Reproducibility
24 hour: ± 1 % of span
Response Time
Maximum, for 4 cfh (2000 cc/min.) flow:
For H2; initial, less than 1 second;
63 %: 13 seconds
90 %: 23 seconds
99 %: 40 seconds
± 2 % of span
± 0.1 %
For CO2; Initial, less than 2 seconds;
63 %: 24 seconds
90 %: 45 seconds
99 %: 80 seconds
Maximum Drift
Zero: ± 2 % of span per week maximum
Span: ± 2 % of span per week maximum
Ambient
Temperature
Influence
At sensing unit: Depends on range; typically less than 1 % F.S. over entire temperature range
Atmospheric
Pressure Influence
± 0.01 % of span per inch H2O (± 0.05 % of span per mm Hg)
Sample Flow Rate
Influence
Less than ± 0.5 % of span over flow range of 0.2 to 4 cfh (100 to 2000 cc/min)
Line Voltage
Influence
Maximum 0.02 % of span for each 1 % change of line voltage
Operating
Measuring Range
Triple Range Analyzer
Three ranges—Range 1 measures CO2 in Air, Range 2 measures H2 in CO2, and Range 3 measures
H2 in Air
Single Range Analyzer
One range, as specified. For standard ranges, see Selection Guide Table in the Model Selection
Guide.
Explosion Proof Applications
When measuring flammable gas mixture that contains oxygen, the maximum
oxygen concentration must not exceed 21%.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
11
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
Output Ranges
0-20 mA maximum load: 800 ohm
4-20 mA maximum load: 800 ohm
0/4-20 mA Output
Triple Range Analyzer
Range 1: 0 to 100 % CO2 in Air
Range 2: 0 to 100 % H2 in CO2
Range 3: 0 to 100 % H2 in Air
Single Range Analyzer
0/4 mA at low range limit
20 mA at high range limit
Alarm Outputs
One or two alarms are available; each uses an SPDT electromechanical relay.
Alarm Relay Contacts Rating
Resistive Load: 5 amps @ 24 Vdc or 120 Vac or 240 Vac
Inductive Load: 50 VA
Outputs
Single Range:
Two relay outputs for Alarm 1 and Alarm 2
One current output to transmit PV information
Triple Range:
Two relay outputs for Alarm 1 and Alarm 2
Two current outputs to transmit PV and range information
Remote Indicator:
Two relay outputs for Alarm 1 and Alarm 2
Sample
Requirements
Sample Temperature: –10 °C to +50 °C (14 °F to 122 °F)
Sample Flow: 0.2 to 4.2 cfh (100 cc/min to 2000 cc/min)
Sample Pressure: 37 mm Hg (20” H2O) minimum (with filter and flowmeter)
Sensor outlets must vent to atmospheric pressure.
Reference Gas
Requirements
Triple Range Analyzer
The triple range H2 and CO2 analyzer requires flowing air as the reference gas, 0.02 – 0.2cfh
(10 – 100cc/min), 2 psig (13.79kPA) max.
Sensor outlets must vent to atmospheric pressure.
Single Range Analyzer
None required, except for ranges:
080000, 095000, 098000, 506000, and 516000; these require pure hydrogen reference gas flow
103000 and 510000; these require air reference flow
Gas Flow Rate: 0.02-0.2 cfh (10-100 cc/min), 2 psig (13.79kPA) max.
Sensor outlets must vent to atmospheric pressure.
Ambient
Requirements
Relative Humidity:
Temperature Range:
Storage Temperature:
Power Requirements
Control Unit only: Universal supply 90 Vac to 264 Vac (consumption 18 VA maximum) or 24 Vac/dc
(consumption 12 VA maximum); 50 Hz to 60 Hz
Materials Contacting
Sample Gas
Sample contacts 316 stainless steel, Buna N, Teflon, glass and Viton
Connections
Sample inlet and outlet: 1/4” OD tubing (compression fittings supplied)
Reference gas inlet and outlet: 1/4” OD tubing (compression fittings supplied)
Electrical power inlet: Opening for 1/2” conduit (control unit only)
Sensing unit power inlet (24 Vdc from control unit): 1/2” NPT (female conduit)
12
90 % maximum
–10 °C to +50 °C (14 °F to 122 °F)
70 °C maximum (158 °F)
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
Communications:
RS422/485 Modbus RTU Communications
Interface (Optional)
Baud Rate: 4800, 9600,19,200 or 38,400 baud
selectable
Data Format: Floating point or integer
Length of Link:
2000 ft (600 m) max. with Belden 9271 Twinax
Cable and 120 ohm termination resistors
4000 ft. (1200 m) max. with Belden 8227
Twinax Cable and 100 ohm termination resistors
Link Characteristics: Two-wire (half-duplex),
multi-drop Modbus RTU protocol, 15 drops
maximum or up to 31 drops for shorter link
length.
Ethernet TCP/IP Communications Interface
(Optional)
Type: 10Base-T
Length of Link: 330 ft. (100 m) maximum. Use
Shielded twisted-pair, Category 5 (STP CAT5)
Ethernet cable.
Link Characteristics: Four-wire plus shield, single
drop, five hops maximum
IP Address: IP Address is 10.0.0.2 as shipped
from the Factory
Recommended network configuration: Use
Switch rather than Hub in order to maximize
UDC Ethernet performance
Configuration: Ethernet parameters are
configured via the Process Instrument Explorer.
Email: The capacity to send two Emails is
provided. These must be configured via the
Process Instrument Explorer. It is recommended
that the Real Time Clock option be purchased for
any instrument that needs to send Email.
Ethernet Communications is mutually exclusive
with the Second Current Output.
Infrared Communications (Standard)
Type: Serial Infrared (SIR)
Length of Link: 3 ft. (1 m) maximum for IrDA 1.0
compliant devices
Baud Rate: 19,200 or 38,400 baud selectable
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
13
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
Physical
Specifications
Sensing Unit:
Weight:
Dimensions:
8.5 kg (18-3/4 lb.)
Approximately 150 mm x 150 mm x 325 mm (6 in. x 6 in. x 12-3/4 in.)
Control Unit:
Weight:
Dimensions:
Standards –
Sensing Unit
1.3 kg (3 lb.)
Bezel: 96 mm H x 96 mm W (3.78” H x 3.78” W)
Case: 92 mm H x 92 mm W x 192 mm D
(3.62” H x 3.62” W x 7.55” D)
FM*:
Class 1, Div. 1, Groups A,B,C,D
Class II, Div. 1, Groups E,F,G
Class III, Div.1
T6 @ TA = 50°C; Enclosure Type 4
Note: All conduits must be sealed within 18 inches
CSA*:
Class 1, Div. 1, Groups A,B,C,D
Class II, Div. 1, Groups E,F,G
Class III, Div.1
T6 @ TA = 50°C; Enclosure Type 4
Note: All conduits must be sealed within 18 inches
ATEX**: II2G, Ex d IIC
T6 (-10oC < Ta < +50oC)
Note: Not for Carbon Disulfide Gas
*: Approvals standard on Triple Range units, optional on Single Range units.
**: Only available on Triple Range units
See Model Selection Guide for details.
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of the following European Council
Directives: 73/23/EEC, the Low Voltage Directive, and 89/336/EEC, the EMC Directive. Conformity of
this product with any other “CE Mark” Directive(s) shall not be assumed.
Standards –
Control Unit
Miscellaneous
14
Product Classification:
Class I: Permanently connected, panel-mounted Industrial Control
Equipment with protective earthing (grounding).
Enclosure Rating:
Panel-mounted equipment. This controller must be panel-mounted.
Terminals must be enclosed within the panel.
Front Bezel: NEMA3R and IP54, or NEMA4X and IP66 with 4 screws. UL
and CSA approved as Type 4 moisture protection when used with 4 screws.
Installation Category
(Overvoltage
Category):
Category II: Energy-consuming equipment supplied from the fixed
installation, local level appliances, and Industrial Control Equipment.
Pollution Degree:
Pollution Degree 2: Normally non-conductive pollution with occasional
conductivity caused by condensation. (Ref. IEC 664-1)
EMC Classification:
Group 1, Class A, ISM Equipment (EN55011, emissions), Industrial
Equipment (EN61326, immunity)
Method of EMC
Assessment:
Technical File (TF)
Declaration of
Conformity:
51453681
Analyzer temperature: Sensing unit thermostated at 50 °C (122 °F)
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
2.2
Model Selection Guide
Model Selection Guide
51-52-16-79 Issue 9
Factory configured for triple range applications
Monitors CO2 in purge cycle and H2 in fill and operating cycle
Utilizes thermal conductivity technology
Optional remote range indicator
Optional sample panel, see 7872 MSG 51-52-16-36 / GA-3
See Product Spec 70-82-03-46 for further details
FM, CSA and ATEX Explosion Proof (Note 1)
Control Unit
Sensor
Instructions
Select the desired Key Number. The arrow to the right marks the selection available.
Make one selection each from Table I using the column below the proper arrow.
A dot ( ) denotes unrestricted availability.
Analyzer includes sensor, control unit and power supply
Key Number
_________ -
I
_
II
-
_
III
-
___
KEY NUMBER
7866 Digital Thermal Conductivity Analyzer for Hydrogen
Cooled Generator Applications consisting of:
IV
-
_
V
-
_ __
Selection
VI
-
_ _ _
Availability
07866DHH2
a) 07866DHS2 Sensor Assembly (includes housing)
b) 07866DHC2 Digital Control Unit
7866 Replacement Digital Control Unit Only
07866DHC2
(for Hydrogen Cooled Generator Applications)
7866 Digital Remote Range Indicator
7866 Replacement Sensor Assembly (electronics only)
07866DRRI
07866HHSS
TABLE I - SENSOR POWER SUPPLY & LINE VOLTAGE
None
Input Voltage 105 -125VAC, 50-400 Hz
Input Voltage 210 -250VAC, 47-520 Hz
0
2
4
TABLE II - OUTPUT (PV RANGE)
None
0-20 mA
4-20 mA
0
1
2
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
15
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
Availability
TABLE III - COMMUNICATIONS
None
MODBUS RS485
10 Base-T Ethernet (Modbus RTU)
Selection
DHH2
DHC2
DRRI HHSS
000
101
102
TABLE IV - FACTORY USE ONLY
None
0
TABLE V - FACTORY USE ONLY
Reserved for Use by Fort Washington
TABLE VI - TAGGING
None
Linen Tags: 15 characters max. On each of three lines:
Specify legend. One mounted on Control Unit;
one on Sensing Unit.
Stainless Steel Tags:
15 characters max. On each of three lines:
Specify legend. One mounted on Control Unit;
one on Sensing Unit.
000
000
206
208
ACCESSORY PARTS
Description
Replacement Power Supply Input Voltage 105-125VAC, 50-400 Hz
Replacement Power Supply Input Voltage 210 -250VAC, 47-520 Hz
DIN Adaptor Plate
Part Number
51450915-501
51450915-502
30755223-002
Note 1: Warning - When measuring a gas mixture that contains oxygen,
the maximum oxygen concentration must not exceed 21%.
16
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
Refer to Appendix A for ordering information on the optional 7872 Gas Sampling Panel.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
17
Specifications and Model Selection Guide
18
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Installation
3. Installation
3.1
Overview
This section describes the installation requirements and procedures for the 7866 Triple Range Digital
Analyzer/Indicator.
3.2
Sensing Unit Requirements and Location
Location
Locate the sensing unit as close as possible to the sampling probe to minimize response lag. This should be
at a point in the gas stream which best represents the true gas composition. An ac power line is not
required. The sensing unit can be located in a protected outdoor area. The housing is watertight; but it
should not be exposed to direct rays from the sun. Ambient temperature must not go above 50 °C (122 °F)
or below –10°C (14 °F).
Connections
Provide a three-conductor copper-wire cable (four-conductor if a solenoid calibrate valve is used) to
provide the connections between the sensing unit and the 7866 Digital Controller. Connecting
cable/conductors must be rated at 90ºC. The required wire size for each conductor is listed in Section 3.7
according to cable length. An adapter is supplied to terminate 1/2 inch threaded conduit and connect to the
sensing unit's watertight housing. The explosion-proof housing is tapped for 1/2 NPT conduit.
Clearance
Provide at least 12 inches clearance above the top of the sensing unit to allow the internal assembly to be
removed for servicing. Allow appropriate space below the sensing unit for 1/4 inch or 6 mm inlet and
outlet tubing connections. Position the sensing unit on a vertical surface with the inlet and outlet fittings at
the bottom. Allow space at the right-hand opening for the solenoid calibrate valve, which, if supplied, is to
be mounted here.
Sampling System
Provide a sampling system to deliver a clean and relatively dry sample at a rate of 100 to 2000 cc per
minute. The sample should be free of dust.
Calibrating Gases
Provide a source of calibrating gases; e.g., cylinders of compressed zero gas and span gas with pressure
regulating valves on each. In general, a zero gas contains all gas components in the sample stream except
the measured gas. For suppressed-zero ranges, zero gas contains measured gas at or slightly above the lowend value. Concentrations should be those normally present in the stream. A span gas contains all of the
gases in the sample stream at expected concentrations with measured gas concentration accurately
analyzed. Concentration of water (vapor) in the calibrating gas should be the same as that in the
background gas. Therefore, a gas saturator or dryer may be required.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
19
Installation
Reference Gas
Provide a source of reference gas, if required. If hydrogen or helium, supply at 0.02 cfh to 0.2 cfh
(10 cc/min to 100 cc/min). Vent to atmospheric pressure. (If hydrogen, vent to a safe ventilating system.).
If flowing air is required, supply at 0.5 cfh to 2.0 cfh (250 cc/min to 1000 cc/min). Vent to atmospheric
pressure.
3.3
Mounting the Sensing Unit
Explosion-proof Housing
EXPLOSION-PROOF SENSING UNIT REQUIREMENTS
•
When measuring gas mixture that contains oxygen, the maximum oxygen concentration must not
exceed 21%.
•
Always use conduit for electrical wiring and seal all conduits within 18 inches.
•
Make certain fully qualified personnel make this installation and all local regulations are observed.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in fire caused by explosion inside the housing.
The sensing unit is designed as explosion-proof. Dimensions for this unit are shown in Figure 3-1.
Electrical conduit must be used for all wiring and the openings are fitted for 1/2-inch conduit.
Mount the explosion-proof sensing unit in accordance with Figure 3-1.
3.4
Piping or Tubing Connections
Inlet and Outlet Connections
The O-ring type compression fittings in the base of the sensing unit will accept plastic or metal tubing
having an O.D. between 0.236 inches (6 mm) and 0.255 inches (6.5 mm). Make inlet and outlet
connections in accordance with Figure 3-1.
Types of Tubing
Any metal and most plastic tubing can be used provided it is chemically compatible with the sample gas.
Avoid the use of plasticized PVC or other soft tubing at the sensing-unit compression fittings and do not
use tubing having an inside diameter less than 4 mm.
Outlet Line Connection
To maintain the analyzer cell at constant pressure under various flow conditions, the outlet line must be
less than two meters (six feet) long and should exit to atmospheric pressure. No restrictions (other than a
Rotameter-type flowmeter) can be used in this line. If a longer vent line is required, use larger diameter
tubing, e.g., 12 mm (1/2”) O.D. Refer to Appendix A for sampling and venting information.
20
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Installation
Making Connections
CONNECTION DAMAGE
•
Excessive tightening on metal tubing may damage the O-ring.
•
Excessive tightening on plastic tubing may restrict the opening.
Failure to comply with these instructions may result in product damage.
Step
9/06
Action
1
Cut the tubing squarely and remove all burrs, loosen the compression nut.
2
Push the tubing firmly into fitting until it slips through the O-ring and seats against the metal.
3
Tighten the compression nut by hand; then turn it about 1/8 turn with a wrench. If the entire fitting
assembly turns, use a back-up wrench.
4
If a good seal does not result, remove the compression nut and slide it onto the tubing, take out the
small O-ring and slip it on the tubing, then assemble the fitting.
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
21
Installation
Reference Reference
Inlet
Outlet
56
2.20
Sample Sample
Outlet
Inlet
7866 Thermal Conductivity Analyzer
(4 port)
250 Clearance required for sensor removal
9.84
92 max.
165
6.50
3.625 max.
148
5.82
154
6.06
80
3.14
12
.472
Internal 4 pt.
Terminal Board
*6-32 Screws
166
6.53
Removable
Threaded
Cover
1/2"
NPT
9
.35 DIA.
156
6.14
*
Sample Sample
Inlet
Outlet
56
2.20
114 DIA
4.48 DIA
140
5.51
Front View
Left Side View
*For 1/4” O.D. or 6 mm O.D.
Metal or Plastic Tubing
NOTE:
1. Weight of unit is approximately 18-3/4 lb. (8.5 kg)
2. Wiring diagram is ID-2071-356.
Figure 3-1 Outline and Mounting Dimensions for Sensing Unit
22
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Installation
3.5
Mounting the 7866 Digital Controller/Indicator
Introduction
The 7866 Controller/Indicator can be mounted on a panel using the mounting kit supplied. Adequate space
must be available at the back of the panel for installation and servicing activities.
The controller is considered “rack and panel mounted equipment” per the following safety standards:
For US, ANSI/ISA S82-1994
For Canada, CAN/CSA – C22.2 No. 1010.1-92
For Europe, EN610101-1
Conformity with these standards requires the user to provide adequate protection against a shock hazard. The user
shall install this controller in an enclosure that limits OPERATOR access to the rear terminals.
If the controller is used in a manner not specified by Honeywell, the protection provided by the equipment may be
impaired.
Physical Considerations
The controller can be mounted on either a vertical or tilted panel using the mounting kit supplied. Adequate
access space must be available at the back of the panel for installation and servicing activities.
9/06
•
Overall dimensions and panel cutout requirements for mounting the controller are shown in Figure
3-2.
•
The controller’s mounting enclosure must be grounded according to CSA standard C22.2 No. 0.4 or
Factory Mutual Class No. 3820 paragraph 6.1.5.
•
The front panel is moisture rated NEMA3 and IP55 rated and can be easily upgraded to NEMA4X and
IP66. See Figure 3-3 and Table 3-1 Mounting Procedure.
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
23
Installation
Overall Dimensions
Max. panel thickness
19,1
9,0
0.75
0.35
mm
inches
92,0 + 0,8
- 0,00
3.62 + 0.03
-0.00
90,6
3.57
108,6
4.28
Panel
Cutout
92,0 + 0,8
- 0,00
3.62 + 0.03
- 0.00
17,9
0.70
148,0
5.81
Figure 3-2 Mounting Dimensions (not to scale)
Mounting Notes
Before mounting the controller, refer to the nameplate on the outside of the case and make a note of the
model number. It will help later when selecting the proper wiring configuration.
Mounting Method
Before mounting the controller, refer to the nameplate on the outside of the case and make a note of the
model number. It will help later when selecting the proper wiring configuration.
24
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Installation
Mounting clips
Attach screws and
washers here for
water protection
Figure 3-3 Mounting Methods
Mounting Procedure
Table 3-1 Mounting Procedure
Step
Action
1
Mark and cut out the controller hole in the panel according to the dimension information in Figure
3-2.
2
Orient the case properly and slide it through the panel hole from the front.
3
Remove the mounting kit from the shipping container and install the kit as follows:
•
For normal installation (NEMA 3/IP55) two mounting clips are required. Insert the prongs
of the clips into the two holes in the top and bottom center of the case
•
For water-protected installation (NEMA 4/IP66) four mounting clips are required. There
are two options of where to install the mounting clips:
1) Insert the prongs of the clips into the two holes on the left and right side of the top and
bottom of the case or
2) on the center on each of the four sides.
Tighten screws to 2 lb-inch (22 N•cm) to secure the case against the panel. CAUTION:
Over tightening will cause distortion and the unit may not seal properly.
•
4
9/06
For water-protected installation (NEMA 4/IP66), install four screws with washers into the four
recessed areas in the corners of the front bezel (Figure 3-3). Push the point of the screw through
the center piercing the elastomeric material and then tighten screws to 5 lb-in (56 N•cm).
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
25
Installation
3.6
Electrical Considerations
Line voltage wiring
This controller is considered “rack and panel mounted equipment” per EN61010-1, Safety Requirements
for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use, Part 1: General Requirements.
Conformity with 72/23/EEC, the Low Voltage Directive requires the user to provide adequate protection
against a shock hazard. The user shall install this controller in an enclosure that limits OPERATOR access
to the rear terminals.
Mains Power Supply
This equipment is suitable for connection to 90 to 264 Vac or to 24 Vac/dc 50/60 Hz, power supply mains.
It is the user’s responsibility to provide a switch and non-time delay (North America), quick-acting, high
breaking capacity, Type F (Europe), 1/2A, 250V fuse(s), or circuit breaker for 90-264 Vac applications; or
2 A, 125 V fuse or circuit breaker for 24 Vac/dc applications, as part of the installation. The switch or
circuit breaker shall be located in close proximity to the controller, within easy reach of the OPERATOR.
The switch or circuit breaker shall be marked as the disconnecting device for the controller.
Applying 90-264 Vac to an instrument rated for 24 Vac/dc will severely damage the
instrument and is a fire and smoke hazard.
When applying power to multiple instruments, make certain that sufficient current is supplied. Otherwise,
the instruments may not start up normally due to the voltage drop caused by the in-rush current.
Controller Grounding
PROTECTIVE BONDING (grounding) of this controller and the enclosure in which it is installed shall be
in accordance with National and Local electrical codes. To minimize electrical noise and transients that
may adversely affect the system, supplementary bonding of the controller enclosure to a local ground,
using a No. 12 (4 mm2) copper conductor, is recommended.
Control/Alarm Circuit Wiring
The insulation of wires connected to the Control/Alarm terminals shall be rated for the highest voltage
involved. Extra Low Voltage (ELV) wiring (input, current output, and low voltage Control/Alarm circuits)
shall be separated from HAZARDOUS LIVE (>30 Vac, 42.4 Vpeak, or 60 Vdc) wiring per Permissible
Wiring Bundling, Table 3-2.
Electrical Noise Precautions
Electrical noise is composed of unabated electrical signals, which produce undesirable effects in
measurements and control circuits.
Digital equipment is especially sensitive to the effects of electrical noise. Your controller has built-in
circuits to reduce the effect of electrical noise from various sources. If there is a need to further reduce
these effects:
•
Separate External Wiring—Separate connecting wires into bundles
(See Permissible Wiring Bundling - Table 3-2) and route the individual bundles through separate
conduit metal trays.
Use Suppression Devices—For additional noise protection, you may want to add suppression devices
at the external source. Appropriate suppression devices are commercially available.
ATTENTION
For additional noise information, refer to document number 51-52-05-01, How to Apply Digital
Instrumentation in Severe Electrical Noise Environments.
26
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Installation
Permissible Wiring Bundling
Table 3-2 Permissible Wiring Bundling
Bundle No.
1
2
3
3.7
Wire Functions
• Line power wiring
• Earth ground wiring
• Line voltage control relay output wiring
• Line voltage alarm wiring
Analog signal wire, such as:
• Input signal wire (thermocouple, 4 to 20 mA, etc.)
• 4-20 mA output signal wiring
Digital input signals
• Low voltage alarm relay output wiring
• Low voltage wiring to solid state type control circuits
• Low voltage wiring to open collector type control circuits
Wiring Between Sensing Unit, Controller, and Indicator
Wiring Connections at the Sensing Unit
Step
Action
1
After the sensing unit is mounted, carefully remove the top threaded cover by turning it
counterclockwise. (Loosen the set screw.)
2
Two openings are provided for cable entrance; make certain the plug screw is tightened firmly into
the unused right-hand opening.
3
Use 1/2 NPT threaded electrical conduit, and mount the special adapter fitting supplied with the
analyzer.
4
Wire as shown in Figure 3-5.
EXPLOSION-PROOF SENSING UNIT REQUIREMENTS
•
Always use conduit for electrical wiring and follow special installation procedures.
•
Make certain fully qualified personnel make this installation and all local regulations are observed.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in fire caused by explosion inside the housing.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
27
Installation
1
3
AC/DC
Line
Voltage
2
Earth
Ground
Hot
Neutral
10
19
28
L1
11
20
29
L2/N
12
21
30
4
13
22
31
5
14
23
32
6
15
24
33
7
16
25
34
8
17
26
35
9
18
27
36
1 PROTECTIVE BONDING (grounding) of this controller and the enclosure in which it is
installed, shall be in accordance with National and local electrical codes. To minimize
electrical noise and transients that may adversely affect the system, supplementary
2
bonding of the controller enclosure to local ground using a No. 12 (4 mm ) copper
conductor is recommended. Before powering the controller, see “Prelimnary Checks” in
this section of the Product Manual.
2 It is the user’s responsibility to provide a switch and non -time delay (North America),
quick-acting, high breaking capacity, Type F (Europe), 1/2A, 250V fuse(s), or circuit breaker for 90-264 Vac applications; or 2 A, 125 V fuse or circuit breaker for 2 4 Vac/dc
applications, as part of the installation.
3
Applying 90-264 Vac to an instrument rated for 24 Vac/dc will severely
damage the instrument and is a fire and smoke hazard.
Figure 3-4 Mains Power Supply
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Installation
Wiring Connections at the Digital Controller
The output signal from the 7866 Digital Controller can be configured as a 4-20 milliampere signal or a 020 milliampere signal. This signal is used to drive a recording device or to report to a DCS or PLC. The
signal will proportionately reflect the percentage of measured gas. Typically, the signal will be at minimum
value (0 mA or 4 mA) when the display reads 0.0 %. The signal will be at 20 mA when the display reads
100.0 %. The analog output can support a total resistive load of 1000 ohms at maximum.
Power Supply 30 Vdc/30 Watt
120 Vac/60 Hz Input Power
Model Number B30GT110
12
230 Vac/50 Hz Input Power
Model Number B30GT110-230
+
-
10
PV Output
0-20 or 4-20 mA
Range Output
0-20 or 4-20 mA
Sensor
Range
13
Sensing Unit
14
Terminal Strip
(Top View)
9
19
28
20
29
L1
11
L2/N
12
4
13
5
14
6
15
7
16
25
34
8
17
26
9
18
Sensor + 35
Input - 36
Alarm 2
Alarm 1
21
30
22
31
23
32
24
33
27
250 Ohm
Digital Controller
10
19
28
L1
11
20
29
L2/N
12
21
30
4
13
22
31
5
14
23
6
15
Range + 32
Input - 33
7
16
8
17
9
18
Alarm 2
24
34
25
Alarm 1
26
27
PV
Input
250 Ohm
+ 35
- 36
250 Ohm
Digital Indicator
Figure 3-5 Interconnections Between Sensing Unit, Controller, and Indicator
REQUIRED WIRE SIZE FOR INTERCONNECTION CABLE
9/06
AWG
MAX. COND. LENGTH
18
427 FT (130 M)
16
689 FT (210 M)
14
1082 FT (330 M)
12
1706 FT (520 M)
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
29
Installation
COMMUNICATION MASTER
D+ (B) SHLD
D– (A)
UDC3500
1
4 SHLD
2
SHLD
26 D+ (B)
D+
27 D– (A)
D–
120 OHMS
Connect shield
to ground at one
end only.
TO OTHER
COMMUNICATION
CONTROLLERS
D–
D+
120 OHMS ON LAST LEG
1 Do not run the communications lines in the same conduit as AC power.
2 Use shielded twisted pair cables (Belden 9271 Twinax or equivalent).
Figure 3-6 RS-422/485 Communications Option Connections
RS-422/485 connections must be “daisy-chained,” T-drop connections are not allowed.
10
19
11
L1
L2/N 12
13
4
14
5
20
21
22
6
7
15
16
8
9
17
18
Tie Wraps (2)
23
24
25
26
27
28
Ethernet
29
Adaptor
30
31
32
33
Ethernet
Cable
34 To
Hub
35or
24
36
27
Figure 3-7 Ethernet Communications Option with Adaptor Board
Instruments equipped with the Ethernet Communications Option come with an Ethernet Adaptor Kit. To
use this kit, first remove the four screws on your instrument from Terminal Block positions 24 through 27.
Place the Ethernet Adaptor Board on to the terminal block as shown and then secure it in place with the
four long screws provided in the kit. Route the long wire on the Ethernet Adaptor Board over to Terminal
#4 on your instrument. The RJ-45 connector on the Ethernet Adaptor Board will allow you to use a
straight-through cable to connect the controller to a MDI Compliant Hub or Switch. Alternatively, you
may use a crossover cable to connect your controller directly to a PC, which is useful for commissioning
purposes. Use only Category 5 (STP CAT5) shielded twisted-pair Ethernet cables. For strain relief, secure
your Ethernet cable to the controller with the tie wraps included in the kit using the holes in the bottom
controller flange.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Installation
COMMUNICATION MASTER
3
SHLD TXD - TXD + RXD - RXD +
1
4 SHLD
2
24 RXD +
25 RXD 26 TXD +
27 TXD -
1 Do not run the communications lines in the same conduit as AC
power. Direct connection to a PC may require the use of an
Ethernet cross-over cable.
2 Use Shielded twisted-pair, Category 5 (STP CAT5) Ethernet cable.
3 Use Switch rather than Hub to maximize performance.
Figure 3-8 Ethernet Communications Option without Adaptor Board
If you would rather wire your UDC to your Ethernet connection without using the Ethernet Adaptor Board,
then Figure 3-8 and Table 3-3 show the connections for a UDC to a MDI Compliant Hub or
Switch utilizing a straight-through cable or for connecting a UDC to a PC utilizing a crossover cable.
Table 3-4 shows the connections for a UDC to a PC utilizing a straight-through cable (wiring the UDC
cable this way makes the necessary cross-over connections).
Table 3-3 Terminals for connecting a UDC to a MDI Compliant Hub or Switch utilizing a
cross-over cable
UDC Terminal
UDC Signal Name
RJ45 Socket Pin #
Switch Signal Name
Position 4
Shield
Shield
Shield
Position 24
RXD-
6
TXD-
Position 25
RXD+
3
TXD+
Position 26
TXD-
2
RXD-
Position 27
TXD+
1
RXD+
Table 3-4 Terminals for connecting a UDC directly to a PC utilizing a straight-through
cable
UDC Terminal
UDC Signal Name
RJ45 Socket Pin #
PC Signal Name
Position 4
Shield
Shield
Shield
Position 24
RXD-
2
TXD-
Position 25
RXD+
1
TXD+
Position 26
TXD-
6
RXD-
Position 27
TXD+
3
RXD+
Use only Category 5 (STP CAT5) shielded twisted-pair Ethernet cables.
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Installation
3.8
Checklist
Check #
Action
1
Check all wiring and piping. Make certain all fittings are tight. Replace the top threaded cover
on the sensing unit and tighten the set screw, if provided. No operating checks or settings are
required in the sensing unit.
2
Shut off or vent the gas flow at the sampling system to make sure sample will not flow into the
analyzer during startup.
3
During calibration, it is necessary to read out the analyzer measurements. A milliammeter is
used for verification of the readings. The meter should be wired in series with the signal wire
between terminal 12 of the sensing unit and terminal 26 of the 7866 Digital Controller.
The test meter used, whether for voltage or current output, should be a digital voltmeter or a millivolt
potentiometer for best accuracy. It should have an input impedance greater than 2000 ohms.
•
Do not open the threaded cover of the sensing unit unless the power source is disconnected. Then loosen the set
screw to permit threaded cover to be turned.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in death or serious injury.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Set Up Mode
4. Set Up Mode
4.1
Overview
This section describes the steps to configure the 7866 Controller/Indicator for your application.
4.2
Configuration Tips
Introduction
Table 4-1 lists some tips that will help you enter data more quickly.
Table 4-1 Configuration Tips
Function
Tip
Displaying Groups
Use the SET UP key to display the Set Up groups.
Displaying
Functions
Use the FUNCTION key to display the individual parameters under each group. The prompts
are listed in the order they appear in each group.
Scrolling
If the SET UP key is held in, the Group prompts scroll continuously at a rate of once every 2/3
of a second.
Holding in either the
or
key will increase the scroll rate to once every 1/3 of a second in
the forward or reverse direction while viewing Group prompts.
Changing Values
Quickly
When changing the value of a parameter, you can adjust a more significant digit in the upper
or
, and pressing the other
or
at the same time. The
display by holding in one key
adjustment will move one digit to the left. Press the key again and you will move one more
digit to the left.
Timing Out from
Set Up Mode
If you are in Set Up mode and do not press any keys for 30 seconds, the controller will time
out and revert to normal operation.
Key Error
When a key is pressed and the prompt "KEY ERROR" appears in the lower display, it will be
for one of the following reasons:
• Parameter is not available
• Not in Set Up mode, press SET UP key first
• Key not available for use in 7866 Controller
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Set Up Mode
4.3
Unit Set Up Group
Function Prompts
Table 4-2 lists all the function prompts in the Controller’s Unit Set Up group. Table 4-3 lists all the
function prompts in the Indicator’s Unit Set Up group.
Table 4-2 Controller Unit Group Function Prompts
Function Prompt
(Lower Display)
Function Name
Selections or Range of Setting
(Upper Display)
SECURITY
Security Code
0000 to 9999
LOCKOUT
Configuration Lockout
NONE – Permits changes to all functions.
Factory
Setting
0
NONE
CALIB – Calibration group functions are
hidden from view.
UNIT – Parameters in the Unit Set Up group
cannot be changed, but the Alarms and
Communications group parameters are
changeable. (Calibration parameters cannot
be seen.)
VIEW – All parameters are read only.
(Calibration parameters cannot be seen.)
Analyzer Range Type
TRIPLE – Read only
TRIPLE
Output 2 Type Selection
4-20MA
0-20MA
4-20MA
RNG3SPAN
Current Output 2,
Range 3 Span
0 - 100%
75 - 100%
100 - 75%
Sets the 4-20mA or 0-20mA for range 3 only
to either 0-100%, 75-100%, or 100 - 75%.
NOTE: The current output for ranges 1 and 2
is 4-20mA or 0-20mA over the span of 0100%.
0 - 100
PWR FREQ
Input Frequency Selection
60 HZ
50 HZ
60 HZ
Decimal Point Location
XXX.X – One decimal place
XX.XX – Two decimal places
XXX.X
TYPE
CUR OUT
DECIMAL
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Set Up Mode
Table 4-3 Indicator Unit Group Function Prompts
Function Prompt
(Lower Display)
Function Name
Selections or Range of Setting
(Upper Display)
SECURITY
Security Code
0000 to 9999
LOCKOUT
Configuration Lockout
NONE – Permits changes to all functions.
Factory
Setting
0
NONE
CALIB – Calibration group functions are
hidden from view.
UNIT – Parameters in the Unit Set Up group
cannot be changed, but the Alarms and
Communications group parameters are
changeable. (Calibration parameters cannot
be seen.)
VIEW – All parameters are read only.
(Calibration parameters cannot be seen.)
Analyzer Range Type
TYPE
TRIPLE – Read only
TRIPLE
INDICTR – Read only
BIAS R1
Bias of Input Value for Range 1
+10.00 to –10.00
0.00
BIAS R2
Bias of Input Value for Range 2
+10.00 to –10.00
0.00
BIAS R3
Bias of Input Value for Range 3
+10.00 to –10.00
0.00
Selection of Input actuation
consistent with analyzer CUR
OUT selection
1-5V (4-20mA)
0-5V (0-20mA)
1-5V
RNG3SPAN
Selection of Input Range 3 to be
consistent with similar function
in the Analyzer.
For Range 3, it applies 1-5V or
0-5V over the range of 0-100%,
75-100%, or 100 - 75%.
0 - 100%
75 - 100%
100 - 75%
0-100
PWR FREQ
Input Frequency Selection
60 HZ
50 HZ
60 HZ
Decimal Point Location
XXX.X – One decimal place
XX.XX – Two decimal places
XXX.X
PV INPUT
DECIMAL
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
35
Set Up Mode
4.4
Alarms Set Up Group
Function Prompts
Table 4-4 lists all the function prompts in the Alarms Set Up group. The alarms are set to operate in Range
3 only. Refer to Section 5.8 Setting the Alarm Limits for the alarm adjustment procedure.
Table 4-4 Alarms Group Function Prompts
Function Prompt
(Lower Display)
Function Name
Selections or Range of Setting
(Upper Display)
Factory
Setting
ALARM1LO
Alarm 1 Setpoint, low alarm type
90.0 to 100.0
98.0
ALARM2LO
Alarm 2 Setpoint, low alarm type
90.0 to 100.0
90.0
HYSTERiS
Alarm Hysteresis
0 to 100.0
0.5
4.5
Communications Set Up Group
Introduction
The Communications group lets you configure the controller to be connected to a host computer via
Modbus® or Ethernet TCP/IP protocol.
A controller with a communications option looks for messages from the host computer. Up to 99 addresses
can be configured over this link. The number of units that can be configured depends on the link length,
with 31 being the maximum for short link lengths and 15 drops being the maximum at the maximum link
length.
Function Prompts
Table 4-5 Communications Group Function Prompts
Function Prompt
Lower Display
Com ADDR
Selections or
Range of Setting
Upper Display
1 to 99
ComSTATE
Parameter
Definition
COMMUNICATIONS STATION ADDRESS—This is
a number that is assigned to a controller that is to be
used with the communications option. This number
will be its address. This value is also used for IR
transactions. To communicate with Pocket PC set
address to 3.
COMMUNICATIONS SELECTION—enables the
RS-485 or Ethernet communications port.
DISABLE
DISABLE—Disables communications option.
MODBUS
MODBUS—Enables RS-485 Modbus RTU
communication port. Appears only when a
communications board is installed.
ETHERNE
ETHERNET—Enables Ethernet communications
port. Appears only when a communication board is
installed.
ATTENTION The PIE Tool will not be able to
communicate via this port if it is disabled.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Set Up Mode
Function Prompt
Lower Display
IR ENABLE
Selections or
Range of Setting
Upper Display
DISABLE
ENABLE
Parameter
Definition
IR ENABLE—Disable/Enables IR communications
port.
ATTENTION If there are no IR communications
transactions for four minutes, then the IR port
automatically shuts down. It can be re-enabled by
pressing any key on the front panel.
BAUD
BAUD RATE—Communications transmission speed
in bits per second. This value is used for both RS485 and IR Communications, but for IR
Communications, values below 19200 baud are
interpreted as being 19200 baud.
4800
9600
19200
38400
4800 BAUD
9600 BAUD
19200 BAUD
38400 BAUD
Defines word/byte order of floating point data for
communications. Byte values:
WS FLOAT
0
1
2
3
seeeeeee emmmmmmm mmmmmmmm mmmmmmmm
Where:
s = sign, e = exponent, m = mantissa bit
FP_B
FP_BB
FP_L
FP_LB
TX DELAY
9/06
1 to 500 milliseconds
0
1
3
2
1
0
2
3
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
TX DELAY—Configurable response-delay timer
allows you to force the instrument to delay its
response for a time period of from 1 to 500
milliseconds compatible with the host system
hardware/software.
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
37
Set Up Mode
Function Prompt
Lower Display
Selections or
Range of Setting
Upper Display
Parameter
Definition
LOCAL LOOPBACK—Tests the RS-485
communications port. This feature is not used for
any other communications port.
LOOPBACK
(available with RS485 card option)
DISABLE
DISABLE—Disables the Loopback test.
ENABLE
ENABLE—Allows RS-485 Loopback test. The
instrument goes into Loopback mode in which it
sends and receives its own message. The
instrument displays PASS or FAIL status in the
upper display and LOOPBACK in the lower display
while the test is running. The instrument will go into
manual mode when LOOPBACK is enabled with the
output at the Failsafe value. The test will run until the
operator disables it here or until power to the
instrument is turned off and on.
ATTENTION The instrument does not have to be
connected to the external RS-485 communications
link in order to perform this test. If it is connected,
then only one instrument should run the Loopback
test at a time, as the instrument running the
Loopback test transmits on the RS-485 bus. The
host computer should not be transmitting on the link
while the Loopback test is active.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Set Up Mode
4.6
Calibration Group
Calibration Data
Refer to Section 5 Calibration for complete calibration information and instructions.
4.7
Status Group
Status Test Data
Table 4-6 lists all the function prompts in the Status group. All prompts are read-only and provide the
status of the background diagnostic tests.
Table 4-6 Status Group Function Prompts
Function Prompt
(Lower Display)
VERSION
Function Name
Software Version
Read Only Displays
(Upper Display)
7866_n
The first number set (7866) details the unit class as the
7866 product and the next number set gives the software
version.
RAM TEST
CONFTEST
CAL TEST
4.8
Status of RAM test performed in
background
PASS or FAIL
Status of Configuration
Checksum test performed in
background
PASS or FAIL
Status of Working Calibration
test performed in background
PASS or FAIL
If status was FAIL, cycle power to see if error clears. If
problem persists, the unit is bad and should be replaced.
If status was FAIL, completion of test results in
re-computation of checksum and a new status of PASS. All
configuration parameters should be rechecked for
accuracy.
If status was FAIL, completion of test results in
re-computation of CRC value. All calibration of inputs and
outputs should be verified for accuracy.
P.I.E. Tool Ethernet and Email Configuration Screens
Introduction
These screens only appear in instruments that have Ethernet Communications. Ethernet and Email
parameters can only be configured via the Process Instrument Explorer (P.I.E. Tool®). The figures in this
section show screen-shots of the Configuration Screens from the PC version of the P.I.E. Tool®. Pocket PC
Configuration Screens are generally similar in format but smaller.
Ethernet Configuration Screen
This controller is shipped from the factory with the IP Address set to 10.0.0.2, the Subnet Mask set to
255.255.255.0 and the Default Gateway set to 0.0.0.0. Consult your Information Technologies (IT)
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
39
Set Up Mode
representative as to how these should be configured for your installation. The MAC address is printed on
the product label located on the instrument’s case.
These settings can be changed via the Ethernet Configuration Screen as shown in Figure 4-1.
See Section 4.9 – Configuring your Ethernet Connection for more information.
Figure 4-1 Ethernet Configuration Screen
WARNING
After you change the IP Address, you will no longer be able to communicate with the instrument via
Ethernet until you change the P.I.E. Tool’s IP Address setting in the “PC COMM SETUP” to match the
setting that is now in your controller.
Email Configuration Screen
This controller may be configured to support up to two Emails. Each Email can be sent to a different
address. Emails are sent only when the selected alarm transitions from the OFF to the ON state.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Set Up Mode
Figure 4-2 Email Configuration Screen
This controller cannot receive Emails, so it is suggested that you configure the “From Email:” window with
a non-Email style address that will make it easy for you to determine which controller sent the Email. For
Email technical reasons, the entry in the “From Email:” window cannot have spaces. See Figure 4-2.
If you do not know your SMTP IP Address for outgoing Email, then contact your Information
Technologies (IT) representative. If your PC is on the same LAN that will be used by the controller and
which also connects to the Email server, then the SMTP IP Address may generally be found by opening a
DOS shell and typing:
ping smtp.[your domain name and extension, i.e., “yourisp.com”]
The content of the Emails sent by this controller contains the Alarm that triggered the Email, its settings
and the current value (if applicable) of the monitored variable. For example, the content of an Email
triggered by Alarm 1 Setpoint 1 that is configured to monitor Input 1 would look something like this:
Name: Alarm 1 SP1, Type: INPUT1, Event: HIGH/END, Value = 500.00, Actual = 712.69
ATTENTION
Instruments will always send Email time-stamped with the date that the Ethernet Software in the
instrument was last modified.
If the SMTP address on your network is changed, such as can happen when a server is replaced, then
you must reconfigure the Email SMTP IP address in this instrument to match.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
41
Set Up Mode
4.9
Configuring your Ethernet Connection
Introduction
The P.I.E. Tool can connect to your controller via either Infrared (IR) or Ethernet communications port.
See sections 4.9.1 and 4.9.2. Only the P.I.E. Tool can be used to configure Ethernet parameters. The
figures in this section show screen-shots from the PC version of the P.I.E. Tool® Screens. Pocket PC
Screens are generally similar in format but smaller.
This controller is shipped from the factory with the address for Infrared (IR) communications set to 3, the
Ethernet IP Address set to 10.0.0.2, the Ethernet Subnet Mask set to 255.255.255.0 and the Ethernet
Default Gateway set to 0.0.0.0. Consult your Information Technologies (IT) representative as to how these
should be configured for your installation. The MAC address is printed on the product label located on the
instrument’s case.
The EUNPLGED message indicates the unit has an Ethernet card that is not connected to a network.
4.9.1 Connecting to the Controller via Infrared Communications
If connecting via IR and assuming that the instrument’s IR address has not been changed from its factory
setting of 3, then configure your Communications Type as “Infrared” and your IR address to 3 as shown
below.
Select “PC COMM Setup”, then select “Infrared”. You cannot configure your Pocket PC for Ethernet.
Figure 4-3 IR Communications Address
Close the IR configuration window and then single click on the “Online Configuration” button.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Set Up Mode
Press any button on the controller’s keyboard to activate the controller’s IR port. Point your IR dongle (if
using PC) or your Pocket PC’s IR port (if using Pocket PC) at the IR window on the front of the controller
and then click on the “Start” button. The P.I.E. Tool® should start uploading the configuration information
from the controller as shown below:
Figure 4-4 Configuration Upload in Progress
Once the upload is complete, click on the “Ethernet & Email” Group. Configure your Ethernet and Email
parameters per Section 4.8.
Once you have changed the Ethernet settings and downloaded them to your controller, you will now be
able to communicate with it via Ethernet.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
43
Set Up Mode
4.9.2 Connecting to the Controller via Ethernet Communications
WARNING
Connecting to the Controller via Ethernet Communications requires that you change your PC’s IP settings.
If you have never done this before, then it is strongly recommended that you consult with your Information
Technologies (IT) representative before proceeding.
First, write down the current IP Address, Subnet Mask and Default Gateway settings for your PC. Put these
someplace that you can find them later.
Connecting to the Ethernet Port in the Controller requires that you have either an Ethernet crossover cable
or a MDI-compliant Switch or Hub available with a straight-through cable. The crossover cable can be
used to directly connect your PC to the Controller while the Switch or Hub can be used to connect your PC
and Controller to the Hub or Switch via straight-through cables.
Once you have made an Ethernet connection between your PC and the controller, then change the Local
Area Network (LAN) settings on your PC to be as follows:
IP Address: 10.0.0.3
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway: 10.0.0.1
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Set Up Mode
Open your P.I.E. Tool® program and select “PC Comm Setup”.
Now configure your “Communication Type” to Ethernet and your Ethernet address to 10.0.0.2 as shown in
Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-5 Ethernet Communications Address
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
45
Set Up Mode
Close the Ethernet configuration window and then single click on the “Online Configuration” button.
Then, click on the “Start” button. The P.I.E. Tool® should start uploading the configuration information
from the controller as shown below:
Figure 4-6 Configuration Upload in Progress
Once the upload is complete, click on the “Ethernet & Email” Group. Configure your Ethernet and Email
parameters per Section 4.8.
Once you have changed the Ethernet settings and downloaded them to your controller, you will no longer
be able to communicate with it until you change the IP address in the P.I.E. Tool® to the controller’s new
IP Address.
You will also need to re-configure the Local Area Network (LAN) settings on your PC back to their
original settings. On some PCs and LANs, it is possible to simply allow the PC to get these settings
automatically via the DHCP server. Contact your Information Technologies (IT) representative to see if
this is available on your PC.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Calibration
5. Calibration
5.1
Overview
Analyzer calibration
The 7866 analyzer is calibrated at the factory before shipping. The analyzer must be field-calibrated prior
to operation. The input calibration procedure includes:
•
Setting the Zero for Range 1: 100 % Air; 0 % CO2
•
Setting the Span for Range 1: 0 % Air; 100 % CO2
•
Setting the Zero for Range 2: 100 % CO2; 0 % H2
•
Setting the Span for Range 2: 0 % CO2; 100 % H2
•
Setting the Zero for Range 3: 100 % H2; 0 % N2
•
Setting the Span for Range 3: 75 % H2; 25 % N2
Indicator calibration
The 7866 Indicator is calibrated at the factory before shipping. You do not need to recalibrate it before
operating it.
The PV Input selection is factory set for 1-5V to be consistent with the Analyzer output of 4-20mA. If you
change the analyzer output to 0-20 mA you must change the PV Input to 0-5V. Recalibration is not
necessary because the indicator automatically rescales the input values.
The PV Input calibration procedure includes:
•
Setting the Zero for the PV Input
•
Setting the Span for the PV Input
Other
This section also includes the procedures for:
5.2
•
field-calibrating the current output(s),
•
entering a security code,
•
changing the security level, and
•
setting alarm limits.
Sensing Unit Calibration Warning
•
Do not open the threaded cover of the sensing unit unless the power source is disconnected. Then loosen the set
screw to permit threaded cover to be turned.
•
Before making any test with power applied to the sensing unit, either remove the sensing unit to a non-hazardous
area or verify that the atmosphere is free from combustible gases.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in death or serious injury.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
47
Calibration
5.3
7866 Analyzer Input Calibration
Range 1: Carbon Dioxide Percentage Ratio to Air
Range 1 is used to indicate the percentage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) against a background of air. When the
sensor is exposed to 100 % air (0 % CO2), a display should read zero. As CO2 is introduced, the display
should progress to 100 %.
Table 5-1 Input Calibration for Range 1
Step
Press
Action
Connect the air source to the sensor.
2
3
SET UP
FUNCTION
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
RANGE 1
You will see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
DISABL (default selection)
RANGE 1
4
or
Select CALIB to begin manual calibration procedure for Range 1.
5
FUNCTION
You will see R1 ZERO in the Lower Display.
The value shown in the Upper Display is a "live" reading. Wait until the value
becomes stable
6
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired zero value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Zero.)
7
FUNCTION
Saves Range 1 ZERO data.
You will see R1 SPAN in the Lower Display.
Connect the CO2 source to the sensor. The value shown in the Upper Display is a
"live" reading. Wait until the value becomes stable.
8
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired span value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Span.)
9
FUNCTION
Saves Range 1 SPAN data and processes the Range 1 calibration calculation.
If, after the Zero or Span "live" value has stabilized, no change is made, you should still perform the same key-press
sequences. For example, if in Step 5 you make no change to the displayed value, continue to Step 7 by pressing the
FUNCTION key twice.
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Calibration
Range 2: Hydrogen Percentage Ratio to Carbon Dioxide
Range 2 is used to indicate the percentage of Hydrogen (H2) against a background of Carbon Dioxide
(CO2). When the sensor is exposed to 100 % Carbon Dioxide (0 % H2), the display should read zero. As H2
is introduced, the display should progress to 100 %.
Table 5-2 Input Calibration for Range 2
Step
Press
Connect the CO2 source to the sensor.
1
2
3
Action
SET UP
FUNCTION
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
RANGE 2
You will see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
DISABL (default selection)
RANGE 2
4
or
Select CALIB to begin manual calibration procedure for Range 2.
5
FUNCTION
You will see R2 ZERO in the Lower Display.
The value shown in the Upper Display is a "live" reading. Wait until the value
becomes stable.
6
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or keys to change to the desired zero value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Zero.)
7
FUNCTION
Saves Range 2 ZERO data.
You will see R2 SPAN in the Lower Display.
Connect the H2 source to the sensor. The value shown in the Upper Display is a
"live" reading. Wait until the value becomes stable.
8
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired span value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Span.)
9
FUNCTION
Saves Range 2 SPAN data and processes the Range 2 calibration calculation.
If, after the Zero or Span "live" value has stabilized, no change is made, you should still perform the same key-press
sequences. For example, if in Step 5 you make no change to the displayed value, continue to Step 7 by pressing the
FUNCTION key twice.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
49
Calibration
Range 3: Hydrogen Percentage Ratio to Air
Range 3 is used to indicate the percentage of Hydrogen (H2) against a background of Air. When the sensor
is exposed to 100 % Hydrogen (0 % Air), the display should read 100 %. As Air is introduced, the display
should progress downscale.
Some confusion is possible as 100 % H2 is referred to as the span for Range 3 and 75 % H2 is referred to as the
Zero. This is a carry over from the original analog circuitry.
Range 3 is used during normal operation to detect Hydrogen loss and therefore to detect potentially
dangerous process situations. The implication is that air is replacing the Hydrogen in the system. The
standard display range is 100 % to 75 % Hydrogen. Since Air represents a significant hazard due to its
Oxygen content, a mixture of 75 % Hydrogen and 25 % Nitrogen is used to calibrate the instrument at the
low operating range of the scale. Nitrogen is an acceptable substitute since its heat capacity characteristics
are very close to Oxygen. Since Air is composed of roughly 80 % Nitrogen and 20 % Oxygen, the error is
insignificant.
Span and Zero are reversed for this range as the initial input should be the same as the Range 2 Span. Calibration
progresses from Span to Zero for this range.
Table 5-3 Input Calibration for Range 3
Step
Press
1
2
3
Action
Connect the H2 source to the sensor.
SET UP
FUNCTION
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
RANGE 3
You will see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
DISABL (default selection)
RANGE 3
4
or
Select CALIB to begin manual calibration procedure for Range 3.
5
FUNCTION
You will see R3 SPAN in the Lower Display.
The value shown in the Upper Display is a "live" reading. Wait until the value
becomes stable.
6
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired zero value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Span.)
7
FUNCTION
Saves Range 3 SPAN data.
You will see R3 ZERO in the Lower Display.
Connect the 75 % H2/25 % N2 source to the sensor. The value shown in the
Upper Display is a "live" reading. Wait until the value becomes stable.
8
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired span value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Zero.)
9
FUNCTION
Saves Range 3 ZERO data and processes the Range 3 calibration calculation.
If, after the Zero or Span "live" value has stabilized, no change is made, you should still perform the same key-press
sequences. For example, if in Step 5 you make no change to the displayed value, continue to Step 7 by pressing the
FUNCTION key twice.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Calibration
5.4
7866 Remote Indicator Input Calibration
Disconnect the PV Input terminals from the Analyzer output and connect them to a voltage milliampere source. For
zero and span enter values which are consistent with the PV Input selection (1-5 volts or 0-5 volts).
NOTE: Input 2 is not used during Calibration of Input 1.
Table 5-4 PV Input Calibration
Step
Press
Connect the input source to the PV Input terminals. Set the source value to the
zero value.
1
2
3
Action
SET UP
FUNCTION
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
PVINPUT
You will see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
DISABL (default selection)
PVINPUT
4
or
Select CALIB to begin manual calibration procedure for Range 1.
5
FUNCTION
You will see INP ZERO in the Lower Display.
The value shown in the Upper Display is a "live" reading. Wait until the value
becomes stable for the zero reading.
6
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired zero value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Zero.)
7
FUNCTION
Saves Input ZERO data.
You will see INP SPAN in the Lower Display.
Set the source to the span value. The value shown in the Upper Display is a "live"
reading. Wait until the value becomes stable for the span value.
8
FUNCTION
Captures the displayed value. The display will blink once indicating that you can
use the
or
keys to change to the desired span value. (This ties the internal
counts processed for the input conversion to the desired value for Span.)
9
FUNCTION
Saves Input SPAN data and processes the Range 1 calibration calculation.
If, after the Zero or Span "live" value has stabilized, no change is made, you should still perform the same key-press
sequences. For example, if in Step 5 you make no change to the displayed value, continue to Step 7 by pressing the
FUNCTION key twice.
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51
Calibration
5.5
Restoring Factory-set Input Calibration
A field calibration will overwrite any previous calibration values. However, the initial factory-set input
calibration parameters can be restored, if desired, using the procedures below.
Table 5-5 Restoring Analyzer’s Factory-set Input Calibration Values
Step
Press
1
SET UP
2
FUNCTION
3
or
4
FUNCTION
Action
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
RANGE n
You will see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
(n = the desired range number)
DISABL (default selection)
RANGE n
Select RESTOR to restore factory calibration for desired Range input parameters.
Saves data to the factory-set values.
Table 5-6 Restoring Indicator’s Factory-set Input Calibration Values
Step
Press
1
SET UP
2
52
FUNCTION
3
or
4
FUNCTION
Action
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
PVINPUT
You will see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
DISABL (default selection)
PVINPUT
Select RESTOR to restore factory calibration for desired Range input parameters.
Saves data to the factory-set values.
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Calibration
5.6
Output Calibration
Introduction
You can calibrate the controller so that the PV output provides the desired milliampere output when read
through a meter connected to the desired output terminals.
Before doing an output calibration, make sure the PV current output type (CUR OUT) selection in the Unit Set Up
group (Table 4-2) is configured properly for either 4-20 mA or 0-20 mA. This selection must agree with what you are
measuring for the output current to be calibrated correctly.
Table 5-7 Output Calibration Procedure
Step
Press
Connect a milliammeter, with whatever accuracy is required, capable of
measuring 0 to 20 milliamps, to the PV output terminals (16 and 17).
1
2
3
Action
SET UP
FUNCTION
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
CALIBR
CURRENT
You will see ZERO VAL in the Lower Display.
A four-digit value appears in the Upper Display. Use the
or
keys to change
the value until the milliampere output, on the meter, is at the desired reading
(4 mA or 0 mA).
4
FUNCTION
Saves the ZERO VAL data.
You will see SPAN VAL in the Lower Display.
or
keys to change
A four-digit value appears in the Upper Display. Use the
the value until the milliampere output, on the meter, is at the desired reading
(20 mA).
5
FUNCTION
Saves the SPAN VAL data and terminates the calibration procedure.
A field calibration will overwrite the manufacturing values. You cannot restore the factory-set output
calibration.
The output range of the current output used to transmit ranging data to the Indicator is fixed at 4-20 mA
and is not changeable in the field.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
53
Calibration
5.7
Security Lockout
Introduction
The LOCKOUT feature in the 7866 Controller inhibits changes to certain functions or parameters by
unauthorized personnel. There are three different lockout levels:
NONE Allows changes to all functions and parameters.
CALIB Calibration group functions are hidden from view.
UNIT
Parameters in Unit group cannot be changed.
VIEW All parameter values are read only and calibration is not permitted.
To set up a lockout level, refer to Table 5-9. In step 5 change to the desired Lockout phase.
Entering a Security Code
The level of keyboard lockout may be changed in the Set Up mode. However, knowledge of a fourcharacter security code number [0000 (no security) to 9999] may be required to change from one level of
lockout to another. When a controller leaves the factory it has a security code of 0, which permits changing
from one lockout level to another without entering any other code number.
If you require the use of a security code, select a number from 0001 to 9999 and enter it when the lockout
level is configured as NONE. Thereafter, you will need that selected number to change the lockout level
from something other than NONE.
Table 5-8 Entering the Security Code
Step
Press
1
SET UP
2
FUNCTION
3
or
Action
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
SETUP
UNIT
You will see SECURITY in the Lower Display.
Enter a four-digit number in the upper display (0001 to 9999).
This will be your security code.
4
54
FUNCTION
Saves the security code to nonvolatile memory.
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Calibration
Changing Security Level
If the LOCKOUT feature has been set to anything other than NONE and a security code has been entered,
you will have to change the LOCKOUT level to NONE before calibrating.
Table 5-9 Changing Security Level
Step
Press
1
SET UP
2
FUNCTION
3
or
Action
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
SETUP
UNIT
You will see SECURITY in the Lower Display.
to enter the four-digit security code number (0001 to 9999)
If the security code is unknown, see Appendix B – Security Bypass.
9/06
4
FUNCTION
5
or
6
FUNCTION
You will see LOCKOUT in the Lower Display.
Select NONE.
Saves selection to nonvolatile memory.
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
55
Calibration
5.8
Setting the Alarm Limits
Each 7866 Digital Controller/Indicator can be supplied with two alarms and two alarm relay outputs as a
standard. (Second alarm is mutually exclusive with 4-20 mA ranging output.) The alarms are set to operate
in Range 3 only. The intention of the alarms is to detect the loss of Hydrogen for the sealed system. The
assumption is that the lost Hydrogen will be replaced with atmospheric air.
Alarms are indicated on the left side of the display. When an Alarm is “in force,” a number “1” or “2” will
be visible.
Alarm 1
Ideally the sealed system is filled to 100 % Hydrogen. As the hydrogen percentage falls the first alarm will
engage. The default setting is 98.0 %. The alarm setpoint can be adjusted to suit the process requirement.
When the alarm trips the normally open relay will de-energize and the relay contact will close. This relay
contact can be used to interlock the system with the main process controller or wired to an alarm bell or
flasher.
See wiring diagram in Section 3.7 for more detail (Figure 3-5) on the alarm terminal configuration.
Alarm 1 may also be used to call for make up Hydrogen. The alarm will activate when the measured
percentage of hydrogen falls below the setpoint. A deadband, also called “hysteresis”, will prevent clearing
of the alarm until the measured Hydrogen is below the setpoint by 0.5 percent.
Alarm 2
(mutually exclusive with 4-20 ranging output)
When installed, the second alarm is intended to identify significant losses of Hydrogen. Alarm 2 is set to
90.0 percent Hydrogen at the factory. This alarm should be set to warn operators and the main process
control system of impending danger. With the inclusion of Air in the hydrogen filled system, there is a
serious possibility of combustion. The relay contact that is linked with this alarm should be wired to an
alarm annunciating horn, flasher, and/or shutdown safety system.
Alarm 2 is connected to Relay Output #1. See wiring diagram in Section 3.7 for more detail (Figure 3-5) on the alarm
terminal configuration.
Alarm will activate when the measured percentage of hydrogen falls below the setpoint. A deadband, also
called “hysteresis”, will prevent clearing of the alarm until the measured Hydrogen is above the setpoint by
0.5 percent.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Calibration
Adjustment of the Range 3 Alarm Limits
A four-digit password may be required to adjust the Alarm limits. If the password is unknown, consult
your designated plant technician for the password. If you have forgotten the password, see Appendix B for
the Security Bypass Procedure.
Alarm Limits may be adjusted while the 7866 Digital Controller is operating. Care should be taken to
minimize the effects of entering out-of-range values.
Table 5-10 Alarm Adjustment Procedure
Step
Press
1
SET UP
2
FUNCTION
3
or
4
FUNCTION
5
or
6
FUNCTION
7
or
8
FUNCTION
Action
until you see:
Upper Display:
Lower Display:
SETUP
ALARMS
You will see ALARM1LO in the Lower Display. This is the Alarm 1 setpoint, low
alarm type.
Enter limit value between 90.0 % to 100.0 %.
(Default = 98.0 %)
You will see ALARM2LO in the Lower Display. This is the Alarm 2 setpoint, low
alarm type
Enter limit value between 90.0 % to 100.0 %.
(Default = 90.0 %)
You will see HYSTERiS in the Lower Display. This is the Alarm Hysteresis which
sets the deactivation range for both alarms.
Enter hysteresis value between 0 % to 100.0 %.
(Default = 0.5 %)
Saves selections to nonvolatile memory.
The 7866 should be supplemented with additional safety systems where possible and appropriate. Pressure loss
detectors and redundant gas loss detectors are recommended in critical applications. The user always assumes the
responsibility of the correctness of the safety system design. It is always recommended that the installer, designer,
and user consult with their insurance company, local authorities, and industry guidelines on such matters.
The alarm will activate when the measured percentage of hydrogen falls below the setpoint. A deadband, also called
“hysteresis”, will prevent clearing of the alarm until the measured Hydrogen is above the setpoint by 0.5 percent.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in death or serious injury.
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Calibration
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Operation
6. Operation
6.1
Overview
This section describes operating guidelines and procedures for the 7866 Digital Analyzer.
6.2
Operating Notes
All three range readings are displayed in the upper display of the 7866 digital controller/indicator. To
select the measured value of a particular range, the operator selects the desired range (1, 2, or 3) by
pressing the LOWER DISPLAY key on the instrument’s face. The lower display indicates the selected
range. Each range engages a different scaling equation to calculate the correct percentage of gas. If
preferred, the lower display can indicate the gas being measured. Pressing SETPOINT SELECT toggles
the lower display between the range and the gas being measured. Pressing LOWER DISPLAY selects the
desired gas (CO2inAIR, H2in O2, H2in AIR).
Caution should be used since the range can be inadvertently changed. The normal mode for operating is
RANGE 3 or H2in AIR. In this mode or range, the controller is monitoring the hydrogen content versus
air. The alarms are active in this mode only.
6.3
Operation
The digital display will indicate measured value to the limit of the design range. If the signal from the
sensor is outside the range, the display value will flash a range message. In extreme cases, a recalibration
may be required. However, normal variations due to changing gas flow rates and environmental factors
may cause signal drift.
The alarm relays are normally energized when no alarm condition exists; therefore, the contacts will go to
their alarm position upon loss of line voltage to the controller. Alarm limits can be set by pressing the SET
UP key to enter the Set Up mode. The Alarms Set Up group can then be entered to adjust the setpoints of
Alarm 1 and Alarm 2. Alarm circuits are inoperative when Range 1 and Range 2 are selected. As soon as
the controller is switched to Range 3, the alarms are activated.
Two alarms can be available, each one with its own separate relay contact. When power is OFF, the relays
are de-energized and their normally open contacts are non-conducting (open). When the alarms are
operating, but there is no violation of the limits, the relays are energized and the relays’ normally open
contacts are conducting (closed). When an alarm limit is violated the specific relay will de-energize and
create an open circuit. The open circuit can be used to activate an external device.
Alarm 1 is a LOW Alarm type. Alarm 1 will trip and remain on whenever the measured percentage goes
below the entered value. Alarm 1 typically is used as a first warning and to signal the need for make-up
hydrogen gas. A typical setting may range from 96.0 % to 98.0 %. The setting of Alarm 1's limit is the
responsibility of the user to determine. Consult your safety engineer or insurance company for proper
operating parameters.
Alarm 2 is also a LOW Alarm type. This alarm is typically used to indicate an increasingly dangerous loss
of hydrogen from the system. As air replaces hydrogen in the system, the probability of combustion
increases. Alarm 2 is typically used to activate an emergency shutdown circuit and/or to activate an
annunciating horn or siren. In this situation, the process may need to be purged to achieve a safe gas
mixture. The specific alarm limit and proper procedures to handle a low hydrogen situation is the
responsibility of the user to determine. Consult your safety engineer or insurance company for proper
operating parameters.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
59
Operation
To adjust Alarm Limit 1 or 2, refer to Section 5.8 Setting the Alarm Limits. Please note that extreme values
will not be accepted by the controller. For example, an illogical value greater than 100.0 will be
automatically overwritten by the controller with a “100.0”.
Check calibration with zero and span gases about once each week. Always allow enough time (possibly
several minutes) for a stable response. If the reading at the output device is not correct, adjust zero and
span, using zero and span gases, in accordance with the procedures as described in Section 5.3 7866
Analyzer Input Calibration. If only a slight zero-gas error exists, it can be corrected without rechecking the
span gas. However, this must be considered a temporary correction and the calibration must be readjusted
using both zero and span gas before another adjustment is made.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
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Maintenance
7. Maintenance
7.1
Routine Maintenance
The only routine maintenance required is the periodic checking and replacement of the calibrating and
reference-gas cylinders. Note the supply pressure of flowing reference gas (if used), to avoid interruption
of continuous gas analysis if the supply becomes exhausted. Check the sampling system flow rate daily to
make certain that no blockage or buildup of particulates has occurred.
7.2
Parts Replacement
7.2.1 Sensing Unit
IMPROPER SENSING UNIT DISASSEMBLY
• Never open the 7866 Sensing Unit case until the line power has been disconnected at the 7866 Digital Controller.
• Always loosen the set screw provided on this model before turning the top threaded cover.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in death or serious injury.
To remove the threaded cover, turn it counterclockwise and lift it off to expose all terminal board
connections.
To remove the sensor assembly from its housing, first remove all connections at the terminal board and
loosen the two screws (captive) in the cutouts at either side of the round circuit board. Carefully pull up on
the handle as shown in Figure 1-2 to withdraw the entire unit.
Circuit Card
Remove the sensor assembly as described above. Then loosen the two captive screws on the underside of
the plastic platform to free the entire circuit-card assembly. Carefully unsolder the 12 leads connecting the
circuit card and cell assembly. The solder posts to which each lead is connected is identified in Table 7-1
by the wire color code and the letters adjacent to each post. Note that two of the leads go to the jumper
posts (S&T) on the platform.*
*If the circuit card is replaced, note that the standard R18 for most standard ranges is 1.5 K ohms and the
new card may require the R18 resistor taken from the old card depending upon the range.
Cell-Block Assembly
Remove the circuit card as described above. It is necessary to unsolder the interconnecting wires. Remove
the two screws in the top platform and carefully separate the parts, sliding the platform along the wires.
Remove the two screws in the large plastic sleeve and carefully slide this along the wires.
This provides access to the top of the block, allowing removal of heaters and thermistors. Identify the leads
before unsoldering them from the bottom of the circuit card. See Table 7-1.
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7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
61
62
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R24
I N4446
1µF. 50V
C2 3
49. 9K½
0. 1% . 20ppm
C11
100pF
7
A5
70 9C 6
4
50K½
0. 1% . 20ppm
R24
1µF. 50V
C 24
B
C
R 28
8.25K½
1%
R 26
1 000
0. 1%
5ppm
C22
68µF
16V
W
H
TR2
2N3053 E
R27
390½
10%
1/ 2W
G
R 27
390 ½
10%
1/ 2W
W
10
9
12
5
C16
68mF
R3 4
8. 25KO
1%
A5
709C
10pF
R35
5. 6MO
1 0%
C14
R 32
1 A5 7
8 709C
6
4
3
2
4. 7 KO
10%
C13
10pF
2 49KO
1%
R31
R30
8. 25½
1%
TEMP CONTROL
THERMISTOR
R33
3.3K½
1%
C 27
1 µF
1 00 V
D5
I N8 25A
6. 2V
R2 9
1. 21K½
1%
1/ 8W
44564 4 H EAT ER BOARD
D8
I N4935
L4
3. 32 H
C 12
4. 7
µF
50V
150 10W
150 10W
HEATERS
F
R 36
R3 5
3. 9K½
2 N3 725 C
10%
T R3
B
2N
R 37
TR 4
4895
1K½
E
R55
10%
270
10%
6
D4
IN4935
+
J
5
K1
5
6
7
K1- 1
NO
2
4
3
S HI ELD
3
D9
I N4004
4
1
R9 9
2. 2 K½
1W. 10%
NOT E 3
Maintenance
Figure 7-1 Sensing Unit Mother and Daughter Circuit Cards Parts List
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Maintenance
Measuring and Reference Thermistors
These thermistors are the two larger hex-head assemblies mounted in the top of the thermistor-chamber
assembly. Leadwires plug onto terminal pins on each hex-head. Unscrew the entire assembly using
appropriate care as the thermistors are mounted in small glass knobs at the end of each of these screw-in
plugs. (Thermistors can be cleaned with solvent or detergent, rinsed, and dried.) The two thermistor plug
assemblies are identical. The cell chambers are identified M for measure and R for reference. If new
thermistors are to be installed, replace both seals because leakage between the Measuring and Reference
Cell chambers will cause drift of the cell assembly output.
Table 7-1 Sensing Unit Cell Assembly Cable Connections
CircuitCard Post
Wire
Cell-Block
Circuit
CircuitCard Post
Wire
Cell-Block
Circuit
A
(2) Green/red
F
White/black
Heater
B
(1) Blue/red from S
J
White/black
Heater
C
(1) Blue/green
G
White
Thermistor
C
(1) White/blue/red
H
White
Thermistor
D
(1) White/brown from T
E
(1) Green/light green
E
(1) White/brown
Bridge
Circuit
Temperature-Sensing Thermistors
These thermistors are the small hex-head assemblies. The leads are permanently attached. Unscrew the
assembly and remove from the cell block. Coat the threads with silicone grease before reinstalling to insure
a good thermal contact. Replacements are complete units, including leadwire.
Cartridge Heaters in Cell Block
Use a large screwdriver to remove the screw-in retainer, then remove the heater. Replace a pair of heaters
rather than a single heater. Be especially careful not to damage the leads or insulation.
O-rings at Inlet and Outlet Connectors (Figure 7-2)
Unscrew each fitting at the bottom of the cell block. The O-ring can now be removed from the cell-block.
To remove the internal O-ring from the inlet or outlet fitting the outer casting, use a socket wrench to
remove the retaining nut inside the casting, then pull out the entire fitting assembly and remove the O-ring.
The external compression-fitting O-ring can be removed easily without taking out the entire assembly.
To remove O-rings and flame-arrestor parts from explosion-proof housing proceed as follows: Use a
socket wrench to remove the retaining nut inside the casting. Remove the fitting, the small inside O-ring
from the flame-arrestor, and withdraw the flame-arrestor fitting. The large outside O-ring can be removed
from the fitting and the three filter elements can be pushed through the flame arrestor body from outside
the casting with a length of tubing.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
63
Maintenance
7.3
Repacking
When repacking for shipment, seal the sensor assembly inlet and outlet ports with tape to prevent packing
material from clogging these ports.
1
1
2
2
3
4
3
6
4
7
8
5
9
Figure 7-2 Gas Inlet and Outlet Fitting Parts
64
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Maintenance
7.4
Spare Parts
To facilitate servicing and restore operation as quickly as possible in case of trouble, a stock of spare parts
should be considered. If such a stock is desired, include the parts listed in Table 7-2.
Table 7-2 Recommended Spare Parts
Description
Part No.
Quantity
See Model Selection Guide
1 for every 3 to 5
analyzers in use.
Lower O-ring
For Gas Fittings, Viton A
For G = 3 and range -- Suffix D is 075, use Buna N
31005724
31082102
8
5
Middle O-ring
For explosion-proof Gas Fittings, Viton A
For G = 3 and range -- Suffix D is 075, use Buna N
082049
31075745
4
4
5001154-001
6
O-ring for Explosion-proof Housing Cap
31082103
1
Thermistor detectors (matched pair)
31130135
1
Plastic washer seals (for above detectors)
31301420
2
Resistor pair for Heater Assembly
31411258
1
Heater control Thermistor
31353402
2
Sensor Assembly
Flame Arrestor for Explosion-proof Fittings
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
65
Maintenance
66
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Troubleshooting
8. Troubleshooting
8.1
Overview
This section describes various possible problems and the means to correct them.
8.2
Troubleshooting
8.2.1 General
If trouble is encountered in the adjustment of zero, refer to Section 8.2.2 Recalibration for adjustment
procedures. If current flow in the sensing unit-7866 Digital Controller leads cannot be adjusted for 200
microamperes to 500 microamperes, refer to Step 2 in Table 8-4. Alarm circuit problems can usually be
solved by referring to Section 5.8 Setting the Alarm Limits.
Note that alarm circuits will not activate unless the controller/indicator is set to Range 3.
8.2.2 Recalibration
A routine procedure for checking calibration is presented in Table 8-1 Coarse Zero.
Do not open, even when isolated, when a flammable/dust atmosphere is present.
SENSING UNIT WITH EXPLOSION-PROOF DESIGN
• Never open the threaded cover until the power line is disconnected at the 7866 Digital Controller.
• Always loosen the set screw before turning the threaded cover.
• Never make any test with power applied to the sending unit until you either remove the sensing unit to a
nonhazardous area or verify that the atmosphere is free from combustible gases.
Failure to comply with these instructions could result in death or serious injury.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
67
Troubleshooting
Coarse Zero Adjustment (R11 and R16)
It may be necessary at some time to return the control-unit 20-turn fine ZERO (R16) to its center-of-travel
position. To do so requires a jumper-wire change in the sensing unit.
Table 8-1 Coarse Zero Adjustment
Step
Action
1
Open the sensing unit and observe the jumper pattern used at the top of the round circuit card
(terminal board at bottom). Note that each pin provided for the six jumpers is identified with a 1
or a 0. Determine the binary number formed by the jumper positions used and record this
number. The letters identify the color of the corresponding jumper.
2
If the analyzer output current or voltage is above zero or other low-end value and the ZERO
adjuster is at its counterclockwise limit, determine that binary number which is one digit lower
than the number recorded and change the necessary jumper positions to form this number.
For example, if the jumpers are positioned to form binary number 111001, then the jumpers
must be repositioned to form the next lower number binary 111000. Change the sixth jumper
from 1 to 0.
If the analyzer reading is below the low-end range value and the ZERO is at its clockwise
limit, the zero must be shifted upscale. Position the jumpers to form the next higher number,
e.g., from binary 011010 to 011011. Move the right-end jumper from 0 to 1.
Refer Table 8-2 for the sequence used in binary counting. The card is screened with MSB
(Most Significant Bit) and LSB (Least Significant Bit).
3
The above jumper change should permit the return of fine ZERO adjuster R16 to its center-oftravel position and allow completion of the analyzer zero adjustment. If it does not, simply
increase or decrease the binary number by one digit more. A change of one binary count is
equivalent to one-half travel of control unit ZERO (R16). If jumpers are changed inadvertently
before the binary number has been recorded (or if thermistor detectors have been replaced)
re-establish the correct jumper pattern. Measure the sensing-unit current output by connecting
a meter in series with terminal 12 at the sensing unit while zero-gas flows through the sensing
unit. Proceed through the steps in Table 8-3 in numerical sequence only until the current
output measures between 250 µA and 240 µA. Jumpers that have been placed in their final
positions, not been moved, are marked X. Start with binary 32 (100000).
Table 8-2 Binary Count Sequence for Coarse Zero Jumper Pattern
68
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
0
000000
16
010000
32
100000
48
110000
1
000001
17
010001
33
100001
49
110001
2
000010
18
010010
34
100010
50
110010
3
000011
19
010011
35
100011
51
110011
4
000100
20
010100
36
100100
52
110100
5
000101
21
010101
37
100101
53
110101
6
000110
22
010110
38
100110
54
110110
7
000111
23
010111
39
100111
55
110111
8
001000
24
011000
40
101000
56
111000
9
001001
25
011001
41
101001
57
111001
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Troubleshooting
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
10
001010
26
011010
42
101010
58
111010
11
001011
27
011011
43
101011
59
111011
12
001100
28
011100
44
101100
60
111100
13
001101
29
011101
45
101101
61
111101
14
001110
30
011110
46
101110
62
111110
15
001111
31
011111
47
101111
63
111111
Table 8-3 Coarse-Zero Jumper Pattern
Jumper Positions
Step
If current is
G
Y
O
R
N
K
1
above 450 µA
below 250 µA
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
above 450 µA
below 250 µA
X
X
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
above 450 µA
below 250 µA
X
X
X
X
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
4
above 450 µA
below 250 µA
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
1
1
1
0
0
5
above 450 µA
below 250 µA
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
1
1
1
8.2.3 Fault Isolation Tests
The troubleshooting guide provided in Table 8-4 can be used in conjunction with the fault-isolation tests to
identify and solve most analyzer problems. If the source of trouble is not apparent from the symptoms
given in the table, then the following checks may be used to isolate the site of an unknown source of
trouble to either the sensing unit or the 7866 Digital Controller. The troubleshooting table can be used to
better identify the malfunction, either before or after these isolation tests are performed, according to the
specific symptom. When the fault is thus generally located, replace the faulty circuit card with a spare and
return the card to Honeywell for repair in order to quickly restore service.
The following is a list of test equipment required to perform all of the various tests and troubleshooting
procedures described in this section:
• Simpson Model 260 Multimeter or equivalent 20,000 ohms-per-volt meter for voltage, current, and
resistance measurements.
• Resistor 2500 ohms ± 5 %
• Resistor 30 ohms, 25 watts
•
Six-volt battery
• Adjustable resistor (up to 20 K ohms)
• Span gas mixture equal to full-scale reading
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
69
Troubleshooting
7866 Digital Controller Test
At the control-unit terminal board, disconnect the sensing unit leads connected to terminals 9, 12, 13, and
14, and connect a dummy load of 30 ohms, 25 watts across 13 and 14. Voltage measured across this load
should be between 24 volts dc and 28 volts dc.
Use a six-volt battery, the current meter and an adjustable resistance (up to 20K ohms) in series across
terminals 12 (+) and 13 (–). Connect (–) battery terminal to terminal 13. Pass about 350 uA between
terminals 12 and 13. The control unit should display 0.0 % for Range 1. Refer to Section 5 for the proper
Calibration procedure, if necessary.
Leaving the above circuit connected, set the meter to its 20 mA range. Now adjust the current flow and
observe the mA reading. The current flow required to obtain a 5-volt reading across terminals 12 and 13
must not exceed 20 mA. The control unit should display 100.0 % for Range 1. Refer to Section 5 for the
proper Calibration procedure, if necessary.
If either of these values are not achievable, then the controller’s analog input card is suspect. Before
drawing that conclusion, check the obvious. Wiring and bad connections often are the cause.
Sensing Unit Test
Remove the upper housing. The entire cell assembly can be left in the lower housing or removed as
desired. Connect the 26 Vdc to 32 Vdc power supply (1 ampere) to terminals 13 (–) and 14 (+) and wait
one half hour for warm-up. Connect a current meter in series with 2500 ohms between terminals 12 (+) and
13 (–).
Pass the “zero” gas through the sensing unit at a rate of 500 to 1000 cc per minute. (Provide a reference gas
flow if required.) The current reading on the test meter should be 200 uA to 500 uA. If not, adjust coarse
zero jumpers per the Coarse Zero Adjustment (R11 and R16).
Remove the “zero” gas and pass a full-scale gas through the sensing unit at a rate of 500 to 1000 cc per
minute and note the current reading on the test meter. The current must increase by at least 1 mA to 2 mA
for the change from “zero” gas to full-scale “span” gas. The change may be as much as 20 mA depending
on range.
If any of these conditions cannot be attained, probably the circuit card or the thermistors are defective.
Table 8-4 Troubleshooting Procedures
Symptom
1. Blank display
Possible Cause
1a. No line voltage.
Recommended Checks
1a. Check for correct voltage at terminals L1/H
and L2/N.
1b. Replace the display.
2. Cannot adjust for zero
signal with “zero” gas.
2a. ZERO adjuster in 7866 Digital
Controller is out of adjusting
range.
2a. Adjust coarse ZERO in sensing unit in
accordance with the Coarse Zero Adjustment.
2b. Open signal circuit. (Causes
below-zero signal.)
2b. Check interconnecting wiring between 7866
Digital Controller and sensing unit for
continuity.
2c. Detector unbalance is too
large.
2c. With “zero” gas flowing, connect a highimpedance voltmeter (on 5 V range) first
between pins A and E, then between pins A
and C.
If (VAE – VAC)/(VAE + VAC) is greater than
± –0.035, replace or clean the pair of
detectors in the cell block.
70
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Troubleshooting
Symptom
3. Insufficient span with
“span” gas flowing
and SPAN
ADJUSTER turned
fully clockwise.
4. Slow response.
5. Noisy output signal or
electrical interference.
9/06
Possible Cause
Recommended Checks
3a. Faulty current regulator for
detector bridge.
3a. Check for 3.75 volts ± 0.4 volts between pin E
and terminal 13. (This is equivalent to
checking bridge current for 55 mA ± 5 mA.)
3b. Faulty sensing-unit amplifier.
3b. Disconnect the lead at terminal 12 in the
sensing unit and connect a 0-1 mA current
meter across terminals 12 (+) and 13 (–).
Refer to Table 8-2 and increase the coarsezero binary count (on the coarse-zero jumper
pattern described in the Course Zero
Adjustment procedure) by one number.
Current flow should increase about 250 uA.
This verifies that gain is normal.*
3c. Damaged measuring
detector.
3c. Connect a millivolt meter across circuit points
A and D (at center of round card). Make the
zero adjustment in accordance with the Recalibration procedure. Pass a span-gas
mixture equivalent to a full-scale
measurement through the sensing unit. The
meter reading for 1% H2 should be at least 10
mV.** If it is less, the detectors must be
cleaned or replaced.
4a. Low flow rate.
4a. Increase flow rate to 2000 cc/min. for
maximum speed or response.
4b. Sample lines too long; filter
volumes too large, etc. for
flow rate.
4b. Increase flow rate above 2000 cc/min.,
venting excess flow above 2000 cc/min. with
a by-pass valve upstream of the analyzer.
4c. Measuring detector or cell
block is dirty.
4c. Remove detectors and check for flow
between inlet and cell before remounting the
detectors.
5a. Lack of earth ground
5a. Check that ground wire is connected to
ground terminal and that controller case is
connected to ground terminal.
5b. Power line not grounded
correctly.
5b. Check that terminal L2/N is connected to the
neutral or grounded side of power line. If one
side of line is not grounded, install an isolation
transformer and ground terminal L2/N.
5c. Flow rate too high
5c. Check that flow does not exceed 2000
cc/min.***
5d. Cracked or dirty measuring
detector.
5d. Remove measuring detector, inspect for
cracks in glass or loose dirt in cell.
5e. Faulty detector bridge-current
regulator.
5e. Replace sensing-unit printed circuit card
assembly.****
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
71
Troubleshooting
Symptom
6. Output signal is
unstable.
7. Alarm malfunction.
Possible Cause
Recommended Checks
6a. Temperature control is
inoperative.
6a. Check cell block for approximately 50 °C
(122 °F) temperature (too hot to hold in the
hand for very long). Check heaters for 30
ohms nominal resistance for series pair.
Ambient temperature must not exceed 50 °C
(122 °F).
6b. Temperature control cycles.
6b. Check that temperature-sensing thermistor is
screwed tightly into the cell block and that its
tip and threads are coated with silicone
grease. Connect a 0 to 1 amp meter in series
with one of the heater leads. During warm-up,
current should be approximately 800 mA.
When 50 °C (122 °F) is reached current will
decrease, cycling 2 or 3 times before current
stabilizes at a lower value. If cycling
continues, replace the sensing unit circuitcard assembly.****
6c. Sample flow rate or
composition varies.
6c. Check stability when operating on zero gas. If
stable, check for large sample flow variations,
water vapor variations due to unstable drier or
cooler operation, etc.
7a. Alarm set point calibration is
inaccurate.
7a. Adjust “Alarm 1” or “Alarm 2”. (See Section
5.8.)
7b. Relay contacts worn or
damaged.
7b. Replace circuit board if required.
7c. Relay fails to energize (alarm
condition always indicated).
7c. Check alarm limits. (See Section 5.8.)
7d. Relay fails to de-energize
(alarm condition never
indicated).
7d. This is normal while in Range 1 or 2. Check
alarms limits while in Range 3.
*For hydrogen spans greater than 10 %, current increase should be about 80 uA.
**For higher ranges minimum reading is proportionately higher, e.g., for 0 % to 30 % H2, reading should be 30 mV.
***On flowmeters calibrated for air, note that actual flow may exceed that indicated for H2 or other gases.
****Temperature regulator is a high-frequency variable-duty cycle controller and field repair is not recommended.
Replace the entire sensing-unit card and return the faulty unit to the factory for repairs.
72
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Troubleshooting
8.2.4 Additional Troubleshooting
General
Verify that piping of analyzer and flow rates are correct. Verify that wiring of analyzer is correct.
Power Supply Fault
30 V supply — Measure voltage between sensing-unit terminals 14 (hot) and 13 (common.). It should read
30 +2, –6 volts. Actual value depends upon current drawn by heaters.
Temperature Control Inoperative
Heater voltage — Measure voltage between the sensing-unit terminal given below (hot) and terminal 13
(common).
Terminal F. Warmed-up (at 50 °C); 19 ± 3 V. Cold start from (25 °C); 2.5 ± 0.5 V
Terminal J. Warmed-up (at 50 °C); 30 +2, -4 V. Cold start from (25 °C): 28 ± 3 V.
Heater thermistor voltage — Measure voltage between the sensing-unit terminal given below (hot) and
terminal 13 (common).
Terminal G. Warmed-up (at 50 °C): 6.2 ± 0.2 V. Cold start from (25 °C): 6.2 ± 0.2 V.
Terminal H. Warmed-up (at 50 °C): 3.1 ± 0.1 V. Cold start from (25 °C): 1.5 ± 0.5 V.
Zero and Span Check — measure current in Sensing-unit Terminal 12
Zero gas (air) – Sensor output current to be between 250 uA and 450 uA.
Range 1 – Sensor output current to be approximately 1.5 mA at 100 % CO2
Range 2 – Sensor output current to be approximately 12 mA at 100 % CO2
Range 3 – Sensor output current to be approximately 3 mA at 75 % H2 in N2
Resistance Check (Sensor Card Disconnected)
R8 = 2078 ohms ± 0.1 %
R10 = 2000 ohms ± 0.1 %
Temperature Control Thermistors
50 °C, 122 °F, R= 3.6 K ohms ± 5 %
25 °C, 77 °F, R = 10 K ohms ± 5 %
Heaters, R = 30 ± 3 ohms (one pair)
Measuring Cell (WR to WB wires)
50 °C, 122 °F, R = 2024 ohms ± 20 %
25 °C, 77 °F, R = 5000 ohms ± 20 %
Reference Cell (WR to WG wires)
50 °C, 122 °F, R = 2024 ohms ± 20 %
25 °C, 77 °F, R = 5000 ohms ± 20%
Measuring and reference cells resistances should be matched to 1 %.
Test for short circuit between leads of each of the above components and case ground.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
73
Troubleshooting
74
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Appendix A 7872 Gas Sampling Panel
9. Appendix A – 7872 Gas Sampling Panel
9.1
Overview
This section contains information and drawings to be used with the 7872 Gas Sampling Panel is in use.
9.2
Model Selection Guide
51-52-16-36
Issue 4
KEY NUMBER
Description
7872 Sample Panel for Hydrogen Generator Applications - All Stainless
Steel Construction
TABLE I - SAMPLE MOTIVE FORCE
Standard for H2 Cooled Generator Applications - All Stainless Steel
Constructions
3
0
TABLE III - ANALYZER COMPATIBILITY
For Use with 7866 Analyzer
0
PARTS:
Description
Replacement Reference Air Regulator
Filter Cartridge for Reference Air Regulators
Filter Cartridge for Sample Regulator
Replacement Sample Regulator Kit
Availability
07872
TABLE II - SAMPLE MOISTURE CONTENT
For Sampling Dry Sources
TABLE IV - TAGGING OPTIONS
None
Linen Tag - Up to 15 Characters on 3 Lines
Stainless Steel Tag - Up to 22 Characters on 3 Lines
Engraved Nameplate
9/06
Selection
000
206
208
239
Part Number
51451417-501
072927
51500286-501
51500283-501
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
75
Appendix A 7872 Gas Sampling Panel
9.3
Installation
1
See Figure 9-1 for mounting dimensions of the Gas Sampling Panel. Mount the Analyzer after
mounting the Gas Sampling Panel. The three stainless steel tubing connections made to the bottom
of the analyzer housing must not be overly tightened. The seal is made by an O-ring in each
analyzer fitting that grips the OD of the stainless steel tubing. If the fittings are too tight, O-ring
damage may occur.
2
All panel connections along the right side are 1/4 OD tube compression fittings. These connections
along the right side are 1/4 OD tube compression fittings. These connections can be tightened one
and one quarter turn to affect a seal upon installation of sample, calibration gas and vent-lines.
3
The bypass valve is included to prevent pressure build-up in the sensor housing. The bypass valve
is preset at 5 psig. During normal panel operation, the bypass valve remains closed and the bypass
flowmeter indicates no flow. If the bypass flowmeter indicates flow, check for clocked sample vent
and/or abnormally high pressure setting on sample regulator or calibration gases. (If the bypass
valve is to be replaced, note flow direction arrow stamped on valve body.)
4
The reference air regulator and sample regulator should be set at a pressure sufficient to allow
control of flow using the flowmeter valves (REF. AIR FLOW, CO2/AIR FLOW, H2 FLOW). The
flowmeter settings should be approximately 2 SCFH.
5
Before adjusting the Ref. Air Regulator or Sample Regulator, unlock the adjustment knob by
pulling up on the yellow lock ring. After adjustment is made, push down on the lock ring to
maintain the setting. For 7866 explosion-proof applications, set regulator pressure no higher
than 2 psig
The four-way selector valve is used to select from ZERO gas, SPAN gas or SAMPLE gas inlets.
The outlet of the four-way valve feeds into the three-way selector valve. The three-way valve is
used to direct the gas flow to either the CO2/AIR Flowmeter or the H2 Flowmeter. Whenever
sample or calibration gases contain a high content of H2, adjust the 3-way selector valve to direct
flow to the H2 flowmeter for accurate flow determination. This will avoid unnecessary
consumption of pure H2 gas.
76
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
9/06
5
(127 mm)
0.250 Dia.
(6.35 mm)
Mounting
Holes (4)
18
(457.2 mm)
30
(762 mm)
Gas Analyzer to be mounted
as shown. Allow 12.875 (327 mm)
for cover and sensor removal.
0.625
(15.87 mm)
”A”
”B” ”C” ”A”
H2 FLOW
CO2/AIR FLOW
BYPASS VALVE
”A”
REF AIR FLOW
BYPASS
VENT
SAMPLE VENT
SAMPLE
GAS IN
SAMPLE
REGULATOR
1.250
(31.75 mm)
5.122
(130.1 mm)
Sample Vent
Bypass Vent
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
1 to 1000 psig
Exhaust to
Safe Location at
Atmospheric
Pressure
Customer Connections (6)
14” O.D. Tube Fittings
4.870
(123.7 mm)
3.763
(95.6 mm)
5.219
(132.6 mm)
8.765
(222.6 mm) Front of
Panel
2.266 (57.6 mm)
0.687
(17.5 mm)
Ref Air In
Zero Gas In
Span Gas In
Sample Gas In
SPAN GAS IN
ZERO GAS IN
REF
AIR
IN
REF AIR REGULATOR
BYPASS FLOW
28.750
(730.3 mm)
30.125
(765.2 mm)
C
D
A
Zero Gas:
100% Air: Range 1
100% H2: Ranges 2 & 3
Span Gas:
100% CO2: Ranges 1 & 2
75% H2 in N2: Range 3
Calibration Gases Required
for Triple Range Analyzer
A-Sample Inlet
B-Sample Outlet
C-Ref Air In
D-Ref Air Out
(Atmos. Press.)
SKETCH “A-A”
Analyzer Bottom View
Mtg. Boss
B
1.125
(28.58 mm)
Appendix A 7872 Gas Sampling Panel
Figure 9-1 7872 Gas Sampling Panel Mounting Dimensions
77
Appendix A 7872 Gas Sampling Panel
SAMPLE VENT
BYPASS VENT
BYPASS FLOW
5.5
(139.7 mm)
REF AIR FLOW
A
"B" "C"
REF AIR REGULATOR
"A"
4
(101.6 mm)
BYPASS VALVE
C
REF
AIR IN
A
3
(76.2)
Section “A-A”
CO2/AIR FLOW
A,B
ZERO GAS IN
B
H2 FLOW
SPAN GAS IN
SAMPLE
REGULATOR
B
Section “B-B”
Partial Side View
SAMPLE
GAS IN
Figure 9-2 7872 Gas Sampling Panel Exploded View
9.4
Maintenance
Table 9-1 lists the replaceable parts for the Gas Sampling Panel. Refer to the exploded view in Figure 9-2.
Table 9-1 Replaceable Parts for 7872 Gas Sampling Panel
Description
Filter Cartridge for Sample Regulator
78
Part No.
51500286-501
Ref Air Flowmeter
31098038
Co2/Air Flowmeter
31098038
3-way Selector Valve
31072929
Ref Air Regulator (includes Filter cartridge)
51451417-501
Sample Regulator (includes filter cartridge)
51500283-501
Gas Inlet and Vent Bulkhead Union Connectors
31076870
Bypass Flowmeter
31072935
Bypass Valve (5 psig)
31072926
H2 Flowmeter
31072925
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
Appendix B Security Bypass
10. Appendix B – Security Bypass
10.1 Overview
Your controller has a security bypass code. Secured areas cannot be accessed without the use of the
Operator or Master codes. If you have forgotten or misplaced the access code, you can enter the factory
default code, “7866”. Use the procedure given in Table 5-8 to enter 7866 to override the forgotten code.
9/06
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
79
Appendix B Security Bypass
80
7866 Triple Range Digital H2 and CO2 Analyzer/Indicator - Operation and Maintenance
9/06
11. Sales and Service
For application assistance, current specifications, pricing, or name of the nearest Authorized Distributor,
contact one of the offices below.
ARGENTINA
HONEYWELL S.A.I.C.
BELGRANO 1156
BUENOS AIRES
ARGENTINA
Tel. : 54 1 383 9290
ASIA PACIFIC
HONEYWELL ASIA
PACIFIC Inc.
Room 3213-3225
Sun Kung Kai Centre
N° 30 Harbour Road
WANCHAI
HONG KONG
Tel. : 852 829 82 98
AUSTRALIA
HONEYWELL LIMITED
5 Thomas Holt Drive
North Ryde Sydney
NSW AUSTRALIA 2113
Tel. : 61 2 353 7000
AUSTRIA
HONEYWELL AUSTRIA
G.m.b.H.
Handelskai 388
A1020 VIENNA
AUSTRIA
Tel. : 43 1 727 800
BELGIUM
HONEYWELL S.A.
3 Avenue de Bourget
B-1140 BRUSSELS
BELGIUM
Tel. : 32 2 728 27 11
BRAZIL
HONEYWELL DO
BRAZIL
AND CIA
Rua Jose Alves Da
Chunha
Lima 172
BUTANTA
05360.050 SAO PAULO
SP
BRAZIL
Tel. : 55 11 819 3755
BULGARIA
HONEYWELL EOOD
14, Iskarsko Chausse
POB 79
BG- 1592 Sofia
BULGARIA
Tel : 359-791512/
794027/ 792198
CANADA
HONEYWELL LIMITED
THE HONEYWELL
CENTRE
300 Yorkland Blvd.
NORTH YORK,
ONTARIO
M2J 1S1
CANADA
Tel.: 800 461 0013
Fax:: 416 502 5001
CZECH
REPUBLIC
HONEYWELL, Spol.s.r.o.
Budejovicka 1
140 21 Prague 4
Czech Republic
Tel. : 42 2 6112 3434
DENMARK
HONEYWELL A/S
Automatikvej 1
DK 2860 Soeborg
DENMARK
Tel. : 45 39 55 56 58
FINLAND
HONEYWELL OY
Ruukintie 8
FIN-02320 ESPOO 32
FINLAND
Tel. : 358 0 3480101
FRANCE
HONEYWELL S.A.
Bâtiment « le Mercury »
Parc Technologique de St
Aubin
Route de l’Orme
(CD 128)
91190 SAINT-AUBIN
FRANCE
Tel. from France:
01 60 19 80 00
From other countries:
33 1 60 19 80 00
GERMANY
HONEYWELL AG
Kaiserleistrasse 39
D-63067 OFFENBACH
GERMANY
Tel. : 49 69 80 64444
HUNGARY
HONEYWELL Kft
Gogol u 13
H-1133 BUDAPEST
HUNGARY
Tel. : 36 1 451 43 00
ICELAND
HONEYWELL
Hataekni .hf
Armuli 26
PO Box 8336
128 reykjavik
Iceland
Tel : 354 588 5000
ITALY
HONEYWELL S.p.A.
Via P. Gobetti, 2/b
20063 Cernusco Sul
Naviglio
ITALY
Tel. : 39 02 92146 1
MEXICO
HONEYWELL S.A. DE
CV
AV. CONSTITUYENTES
900
COL. LOMAS ALTAS
11950 MEXICO CITY
MEXICO
Tel : 52 5 259 1966
THE NETHERLANDS
HONEYWELL BV
Laaderhoogtweg 18
1101 EA AMSTERDAM
ZO
THE NETHERLANDS
Tel : 31 20 56 56 911
NORWAY
HONEYWELL A/S
Askerveien 61
PO Box 263
N-1371 ASKER
NORWAY
Tel. : 47 66 76 20 00
POLAND
HONEYWELL Sp.z.o.o
UI Domainewksa 41
02-672 WARSAW
POLAND
Tel. : 48 22 606 09 00
PORTUGAL
HONEYWELL
PORTUGAL LDA
Edificio Suecia II
Av. do Forte nr 3 - Piso 3
2795 CARNAXIDE
PORTUGAL
Tel. : 351 1 424 50 00
REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
HONEYWELL
Unit 1
Robinhood Business
Park
Robinhood Road
DUBLIN 22
Republic of Ireland
Tel. : 353 1 4565944
REPUBLIC OF
SINGAPORE
HONEYWELL PTE LTD
BLOCK 750E CHAI
CHEE ROAD
06-01 CHAI CHEE IND.
PARK
1646 SINGAPORE
REP. OF SINGAPORE
Tel. : 65 2490 100
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH
AFRICA
HONEYWELL
Southern Africa
PO BOX 138
Milnerton 7435
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH
AFRICA
Tel. : 27 11 805 12 01
ROMANIA
HONEYWELL Office
Bucharest
147 Aurel Vlaicu Str.,
Sc.Z.,
Apt 61/62
R-72921 Bucharest
ROMANIA
Tel : 40-1 211 00 76/
211 79
RUSSIA
HONEYWELL INC
4 th Floor Administrative
Builiding of AO "Luzhniki"
Management
24 Luzhniki
119048 Moscow
RUSSIA
Tel : 7 095 796 98 00/01
SLOVAKIA
HONEYWELL Ltd
Mlynske nivy 73
PO Box 75
820 07 BRATISLAVA 27
SLOVAKIA
Tel. : 421 7 52 47 400/
425
SPAIN
HONEYWELL S.A
Factory
Josefa Valcarcel, 24
28027 MADRID
SPAIN
Tel. : 34 91 31 3 61 00
SWEDEN
HONEYWELL A.B.
S-127 86 Skarholmen
STOCKHOLM
SWEDEN
Tel. : 46 8 775 55 00
SWITZERLAND
HONEYWELL A.G.
Hertistrasse 2
8304 WALLISELLEN
SWITZERLAND
Tel. : 41 1 831 02 71
TURKEY
HONEYWELL
Otomasyon ve Kontrol
Sistemlen San ve Tic
A.S.
(Honeywell Turkey A.S.)
Emirhan Cad No 144
Barbaros Plaza C. Blok
Kat 18
Dikilitas 80700 Istanbul
TURKEY
Tel : 90-212 258 18 30
UNITED KINGDOM
HONEYWELL
Unit 1,2 &4 Zodiac House
Calleva Park
Aldermaston
Berkshire RG7 8HW
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel : 44 118 906 2600
U.S.A.
HONEYWELL INC.
INDUSTRIAL PROCESS
CONTROLS
1100 VIRGINIA DRIVE
PA 19034-3260
FT. WASHINGTON
U.S.A.
Tel. : 1-800-343-0228
VENEZUELA
HONEYWELL CA
APARTADO 61314
1060 CARACAS
VENEZUELA
Tel. : 58 2 239 0211
Industrial Measurement and Control
Honeywell
1100 Virginia Drive
Fort Washington, PA 19034
70-82-25-110 Rev. D 09 06 Printed in USA
www.honeywell.com/imc
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