10_chapter 4

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£!APftR- •
P:U·MfUR DIS'l'fUC'£ • A UQ!JL,B
~hapter
!
Bilaspur District•A Profile
Bilaspur is one ot the backward districts in the
~hhattisgarh
region of the eastern Madhya Pradesh.
Although
i t is the fourth largest district in area ( 19905 Sq.Km.)
and the third biggest in population. according to the 1971
census, among the districts of the state. the growth of
economy of
the district has tended to remain stggnant for
over several past years.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy.
but
its development has
~t
been rapid enough because the
new strategy of agricultural development, which has brought
prosperity to other parts of the country, has yet to create
a significant impact on the agricultural practices of this
district.
Location The Bilaspur district lies within the longitudes
Ot
o/
8l.llt-E &
83~1.0
of
Ot-
E and between the latitudes 21,37 N & 23,7 N.
It is bounded on the north, by i>urguja and Shahdol.districtsJ
on the east} by Raigarh; on the south) by Raipur and
Durg;
and on the west, by Mandl a eli sd~tts
•
....
The district has five revenue tehsils viz.Bilaspur,
Mungeli, Katghora, Janjgir, and Sakti.
Recently created
though not yet demarcated, are four new tehsil s viz. Takhatpur 1
Kota, -.:hampa and Pendra.
There are t·;;enty-fi ve development blocks viz. 1
Mal tara, l::laloda, :>amnidih, Belha, Dabhra, Gaurela- 1
and Gaurela -
2, Jaijaipur, Kartala, Katglx>ra, Korba,Kota,
I'-
,
(J)
T.:
~-
U.J
({)
()
') 0 .
a_'
...
0
<..(
a.zo..
n.. r
:,.f)
,:::)-<!
<!
-
. .1
<,
co
:5'
---
_,;,
)
(
(
"'·-
----
LornU., Marwahi, Mallcharoda, Masturi, Munqeli,Navagarh,.Pali,
Pa~~~garh,
Patharia, Pondiuprora, Sakti and 'lalchatpur,
Topograplw -
'lhe district is somewhat oval-shaped, the upper part
being hilly, while the southern border is open_,marl<ed for a
greater part by rivers, Sheonath and Mahanadi.
The Ma1lcal
range of Satpura runs along the north-western bo.ader of the
district in a Norb-east, South-west direction.
These ranges
constitute a semi-circular chain of hills of the
western,
northern and eastern borders, surrounding the plain area
sloping oown ina a north-west and south-east direction.
There are tlo'O isolated ridges in this plain country, Sondhi
and Dalha near Altal tara.
'l'he level of the plain country goes
down from 1000• in Mungeli to 750• in Sakti tehsil,while the
highest points of the hilly north are above 3000' high. This
plain portion is part of the Chhattisgarh plain and the
upper l:lasin of Mahanadi.
Physioaraphic features A Close examination of the district reveals that there
are marked variations in phySiographic condi tiona, agricultural
situation, industrial development etc., in different areas.
For instance, the area in the eastern part is
a1.:~st
.ntirely
flat land, while the northern part is int.er.spe'Jsed with
hills of the Mailcal range of the Satpura and dense foreata.
'l'he
forea~Clnd
plateaus of the north receive more rainfall
than the plains in the south end south-east oo. tillilarly,
while the soil in the northern
re~on.
coverin'>l Katghora
0
T')
2. 2.
If
I
N
1979
-•d~jlASPUR DISTRICT
0
._i
st
--~----
E
82. E
•
'
"••
,,•
......,....a.r
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::>
a:
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U)
f-
9
.:X:
-'
J
117
,,
A
..
•....,.
•
·-·-....
••
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~~ ......
...
'<'?•
g=--d
DAMS
RAIG~i\H
"Tl)
Rl'<n::Rs ~
.,.... .•
.... .."
.4
-----
0
2
0
22.-tN
li'' 't,O - - ---· 2.3 .J N
RI>H WAY LlNES I I '
\ 1'\0RBA
b~t\OA¥1 u .2_,~,=~
•
•
••
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•'
'•
•'
N'lBl\<.A PVI<
SCALE :1 CM:IOI<M
~
N
83 E.
INDF:(
·-·--ro,_,,._ ,,
u3
tahail is of very low grade, the 11011 in the eesam region
covering
~aJc.ti
end JMjgi.r Uhalla U of t:he HCDDcl gre.de.
?:he beat type of mil ia to be found in
~e
weatern region
COIIIpriaing of Jlilaapur aDcl Mungeli tehai.la.
The
-•t.ern r89lon
alm enjoya better lnfre-au-uc:turel
facil1t1 . . which has helped ln enc:oura9lng tl'acle
Mel C'C:lll
uce,
wh.lle the northern part i• c:baracc.r:iat.ieally poor. . . it. ia
laclcing in the infra-atructural fac:Uit.iea for t.rade end
Thua broadly apeaklng t.he cl1atr1c:t. caa be cl1 vided
into thr- hoB)<Jttneoua regiOns Yis •• t.he Nortbel:'n reQion.
CO~~Jrialng
Bilao~pur
Katohore t:eballl the WeaCC'D reg1on, CIDIIprilling
end Munoeli, t:he biD large t.ehalla1 end
~
JCaatern region> comprialno SakU .nd Jenjgir -..nail a.
The
hollogeneity under conaiclel:at.ion refva. 1n the aaln, to t.he
cl1•;;t1c condition. conatit.ution of
l~ncl.
irrigat.ionel. aDd
other agricultural facilit.ioa as well a• mcio IICIODOIIic
factor a.
'l'here~re,
in the following pagea, the
-.in phya1o-
9E'aphic features ere deacz-ibecl, .r:egionwi . . , depencUno
t:he eYailabilitY of
UpOD
date.
pqpulat;1oo Tabla No. 4. 1 .t1owa . _ . of t.be illport.ant. features of
1971 ceru~ua, the total pop\&lat.ion of Che dUt..r:ict w..
24,40.962, out of wbic:h Che rval pop\&let.i.on for..d 89.1'1)..)
vbile the urt.l population v . . only 10.8~. !hit ~eUODel
,.._
~
<
0
I
g
%
:;)
'
I
f
~
'
Il
....
0
IX.
1(/')
0
a:.
;:)
0..
l'
If)
z
:X:: ~0
\!)
3t :I:
0:
1-
0
w
.....
=Ill)
l
;
(/') 0'1
<
f/)
<
~
tD
!
l
l
--~~---~
l
T•h) 1
!Q,
--
4,1
RoJ?y.l.at.t.on Cioeposit"• pt Mh•!l£ mss;un
-.-.- ...
-..-.--~--·-·-
c._.
.. ·--------·---------·
~.;••"•
No.
SUbject
l·
2.
;;
••
1.
Total Population
aural Population
Urban Population
Percentage of Rural
Population
Percentage of the Ul:baa
Popul cttion
24,40,962
21.16,849
2.64,113
29,52,086
25.43,502
4,08.584
89.17 ,
86.15 ,
10.821-
13.85,..
123
148
2.
3.
"·
s.
6.
.,
Density of population
per a<;. Kla..
Percentage of SC:Iaedul.S
Castes an~ SChedule
tribes.
19'11
1981
30.49
Occ:upational Patwn:
1.
Total '-Orld.ng force
2.
Cul t i V<!t:DrS
3.
Agricultural 1. alJo ~Jrer s
4.
Allied AQricul tural
ACtiYit.t.es
s.
MininCJ a. wuarrying
G.
Manufacturing "' ethc
other services
~entage
population
of leit:eraY
,,,2.660
12,13,106
5,36.314
(54.04%)
3.09,855
( 31. 20";~.)
14,498
( 1.4.)
8,232
6,76,341
(53.54")
3.~.142
( 28.0:f.'
(IIIOt Avail~e)
-di)oo
( o.s~>
42,225
( 4.25%»
83,586
< a.41)
(
35,512
2.81)o)
1,97,109
(
1~.60).)
7.
22.90"
28.54).
-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.---.-.-.-·-·---.-.-.-.-.-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·source•
Gbvt of ln<U.a • R1SU1ct C•sus Book 1 1971 cd
District Statistical "-d Book1 1982
65
s
patten uao reYttalt._• the _,endenCe of the diatrict on the
~~eCtor.
agricul tu.r:al
9.92.660.
Out of the
total wor»-force of
the cultivators .nd agrieulturu lebou.r:cs
fo~
According w the pRYiaiollu figures of the 1981
85.2%.
census. the total population of the district is 29.52.086.
out of which 2,, s,•. l?Qior
and 13.8,. in
labourers
district.
>1rban
~unt
86.1~
areas.
are U.Y1n9 in rural at-eu
The Clll.tivator:a end agr10Ult:ur:el
for anc. of the total working force of 'the
'lbua durin; 'the decade 197t.-•al. there has been
a alight decline in the [email protected] of the di,.trict on
[email protected] sector. as aany industrial enterprises have
COlle up er:ound JCorba. Bilallpur end Akelt.ara.
out of the
totel population, 30% belong to the scheduled caatea •d
tribul.
There at-• •einly tbree typea of soU• in the DlatrictKaahar. Hataa and Dorsa ( Table 4 .. 2).
soil of blue-black or
~bl.clc
Kanbar 1a a deep Clay
colour.
It is porous •d
sticky With high capUJ.artty and miatur...retentive
~aclty.
Therefore. l.t is useful for JCherif as well as Rabl Q:opa.
Hataai is
light~-coloured.
defiCient 1n
~erally
D1UO~,pho8phoi:'U8o
yellowish bl:owo.
It is
lU.. lt\d potash. It i.a
au1t.,ble for Khar:U cnpa. Uke paddy, but i.t la auacepUble
to diaage i.f reins are deficient. Ibraa is an lnteaniUat:e
soU betwa1111 Kanhar .nd Met:aa.
'l'here .-e t110 grades of Ibrsa.
<k'ade-one Dorsa is IIIDr:e or leas like ICanhar soil and.thcefore.
9£)0c:l for c:ul ti vati ng paddy ..sc:l Rabl-c:rops.
Doraa is • light-brown soil With Mataai el..-t praainent in
.l.t.
Ita mistur... r~on capiiClty is low. •d.therefore.
ligllt. llillets or
called
Bha~a
of Bilaapw:.
whee~.
is found in Kat9bora tehail .nd in . , . . parU
1uu~e11
end ailkU
reqtn any .,isture, and.
~bails.
~fore.
can hardly
only CJ:Opa Uke Jfodo-
Ku~ti (
c:ourae
soil.
&..aatly. Kacbher, I.e found on '=he hal\ka of n...:a.
veri~
of: KharUf
1~
oan
c:zop)
be g~:uwn
on thh
1~
ia a ld.xture of elq end sand end 1• INitable for 9&'QW1n9
llftything fro. Paddy to
i f water l.a a'laUabl• i.IJ the
wbea~
right quanUty.
2$'• Ho. t.2
!)j.a!ei,b\ft.\slQ of !911! 1p Bila!pUE QlU[ict.
(In pal:'cen~ge of ~¥1Phic:al. eree)
1.
2.
3.
1.
Hateai
2.
Dorsa
Kenhar
52.00%
21.00%
26.05%
3.
...
s.
-
Bba~
s.
'·
7.
32.45"
10.26%
70.64"
20.18%
56.01J'
2.00%
69.00%
23.00).
'1.50%
62.5%
27.:-"
7.5"
-
-
lfot
Kach'1er
M'ailable -do-
-
-
-
-·---·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-----·-·-·-·-,---.-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·
§oyrc:ea
'lbe soil in
Mun~»•li
tehail ia .,stly .KaDher,vbile in
.JejfiJir and SakU, Klltaai ed IIDJ:SIA mila
~
.r•
to be foUDd.
YedeUu of .,11• found in Mun911U and Jaojgir tehaila.
are fo\lftd in 911 aspur tehail.
variety of .U.la 1D the
Ka~{lhora
cU.•~~
ba5 the
poor••~
67
the aU.-ate of the diaUJ.ct .U Clhu~iae4 by a hot~
dry, a~acor. followed by a aea.m of he.,Y ra1na.tbe reloa 0..
ing
a:~atly ~
the aoutb-weat aw>naoon.
1'ha ~eratu&'e in
the diatri~ veriea ~ 10 defF" C.t.19l"&de in O.Cr"'K'/
Januar:y to
-&8 deQC'" C411Pt1Q&'&de iD Kay/.i'ufte. ~-June IIA the
Deant..:-Jen~t.ry
hotteat 1110ntha while
are \:.he e»ldest amtha.
'1'he DO&'thtii:D foroat-clad area 1• CIOOle&-
~
the aouthel:n part.
All 1n the other diauicta of Chhatt.S.agaJ:\1 1 Bllaapur
recoiVflfl
QOOd
~
rainfall.
an a.wrage. there are about
yearly avera9tt belnq 1300 - .
AM~VGnty
on
rainy daya in a year.
Variations in the averi19f rainfall are to be found in cl1ffe&"•t
tehaUa.
Mlln9l"li telud.l receive§ the loweat ra1nfall, while
Katghora tehUl raceiveg Idle blgheat:
.r:at~all.
{Table Ho.4.3)
trb'• !o.t.l
I.V&AAGE RAINFALL OF THE Bll.ASPUR DISTRIC'l'{lpMilU•tU&'f}
-.-.-.-.-·-·-·---·-·---·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·Weatem Ra910D
Ho&'theal ~ Eute.m A8910D
i:"th
f!la!J?Mf r-1
t"'?'nn
$:"
JIID8
261.6
404.8
A\&911•t
206.2
19.f.J
s.pu.
342.4
266.6
353.6
665.4
362.4
498.0
295.2
July
365.8
436.4
Octr••
26.0
:n.o
to.o
18.4
7.4
7.1
23.5
l6.4
59.9
9.5
---
No,..oer
Deerbe£
January
re..ru.ry
March
.r.pril
-
MaY
'Zb~
1376.8
SO!f£5'1
-
bia
-
5i.5
204.2
tQir
54~.5
300.1
361.9
-
--
!:w- 210.8
463.6
343.8
237.1
28.2
-
1.3
-
4.0
-
--
26.1
-
-
1500.0
-2.f
bh ••
Dllatrict suuauaal ofuc-. B1leapi&C•M•F•
'l'he raina atart fEoa June and CDntinue 11pt.o October.
but 1101t.ly tohe run• ere aoncaatrat.d U. the
and AUguat.
110n~
of July
feet underoiCIOrea dMt gr. .t n..S for extllrl"-
2bia
inQ irr1gat1on faciUt1- 1n differct perta of the diet.l:'ict·
Land- UtiU.gtion PtU!p!
'l'he t!Dtal eree and the patten of land-ut1li.Jat1on
have been shown in 'l'able Mo. 4.4.
relating to the agrieultJral
year
~rdi.ng
to the date
1~o-•a1.
the t!Dtel area
of the district is 1519778 bectar... out of which 3288'70
beet~•
( 21.67;.) 18 for-tr 305500 hectpllB ( 20.0%) ie
either not available for cult1Yat10D or ia aot 0\ll.tivateJ..
69938 hectarea( 4.61'!) 1a fallow laDdl and the r..U.DS.ng
hectuee(53.5~
1a the net
area. out of which 194742
. of the t.otal QeOIIC'aphiOel area) 1.• eovn
hectaree( 12.8'- '•
110re then once.
110wn
814~
Thua
btlctal:ea ( 66. 3%) •
the gEOaa csopped aJ:ea ie 1009068
'!he regionv1ae percenta;e of area UDder
foreat ia the h1gheat in the
aortberll
~
loweat ( 2.6)1.) 1a in the eaaten regioD.
(4S") • d the
'!he percentage of
the fallo-land ia 110re or leas \IIU.fom in all the t:hree
region• batweaa "" tiD 5"-
llegarding tbe net area eown. ita percente<.;e ia
eat in the eaater:D region ( "JJIIQ
region(Jl.4~
~
being a billy region.
9'1QQI'tphical &rea in the nor1:beh
once. ~. . .
weauz-A
16.8" of
loweat in the aorthei:R
Only 2.1" of tbe t.otal
~
ia cnpped
~r•
th•
..._ . . .tern r191oD. and 11.~ of tbe
reCJion 1• czoppecl
percent.~
hi~
~re
th.a once.
'!be teb.S.l-viH
of the .rea cmpped 110re the cmce ia hi~t in
Munveli tahG.l. Percaata91 of Q1'eU cmppec1 ar11 1e the
h19hut 1n the
•••wen A91oD
( 86%). • d the 1oweat b
the
•et
249.46
*"9111
367.24
213.67
153.57
1519.78
&a•te&"n Reaion
J..,jWir
SakU
Dlatriat
9.!16
(2.6)
5.'76
(2.6)
4.10
(2.6)
328.87
(21.6)
193.99
(45.9)
4
(16.0)
{4.6)
1009.07
(66.3)
194.'14
{12.8)
814.13
{Sl.S)
305.50
(20.0)
69.94
(83.4)
(8.9)
29.41
(19.1)
5.31
U.4)
u.M
"·08
(86.48)
317.60
(52.9)
145.14
l89to36
(88.6)
128.24
(25.7)
(5.3)
(2.1)
61.,3
(1t.78)
9.36
252.64
(97. 2) 01
72.71
(29.1)
1'19U'••
of eaeh
~n the •aaket ahow the
Re¢on/'tetus1l/Diat.r1~
peraomu..
•
(o2e2)
293.69
54t.JJ
(75.68)
e.
ere a
<to.&>
51.04
123.15
( 1'7.16)
1;
OQCI
cropped
(22.5)
84.62
(23.06)
55.21
16.73
(4.56)
11.42
(31.4)
(19.4)
c.:J:opped
Hore than
255.97
(69. 70)
141.28
(66.12)
114.69
(74.60)
135.78
e2.66
242.65
(51.4)
179a93
(72.12)
4'12.58
( 57.18)
6.
aown
area
<H.J)
19.62
45.10
(19.5)
(3.9)
9l!f-.13
135.23
(19.15)
kt
24.85
(5.3)
9.74
34.59
(4. '79)
4.
table I
Unaul t i vated
to a.o;rephic:al area
-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·---·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-··-·-·---·-·-·-·-·-·
&ow;'S!•
Dlavict atatt.auael Haftdli:loolc 1982
'l'otal
431.05
K•"~ore
R!!§l!~lD
(25.0)
14.&8
( 5.8)
IIRESbena
110.33
472.04
IUnapur
125.01
( 1'7.33)
7:U.50
w. .te~m Rea1on
l.
a.
area
phi eel
1.
'l'ehail
-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-···-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·
RetJ.Oft/
Oeo9Z'aI'Oreat
J'allowa
UDC\llt.t.v""
Net.Mea
Qroaa
(Land in fhouaand Hecturu)
Mea and LIIJd USili!IMon Patterp of Bihapur D1ajrict;..year 1980 ..
T•b}e Nq• 4.4
··-----
r-!
I
AP.t::.A AND lAND UTILIZATION PATYEFIN
Of
I
I
.BIL ASPU)':I
DISTP.ICT
(LAND IN THOUSAND
1980·81
HECTAMS)
(fiGU~tS 'IN BRACKET SHOW PERCENTAGE OF GEOGP.APHICAL.AFI.EA)
82•7
( 19-4Y.) ........,.,_,
iS·6
f.j§~
( 4 ·3 ;r,) 9·~ ·.·
(2·1Y:l
i9Jl
(45'6Y.)
135-i)
( 31•4 '/.)
NOP.TH ER. N P.EGION
EASTEP.N f\EGION
II
1 34·s
~:;:;s:~:1
!(4·8;c) ; .
1,2 3·.
"""''"""
422·6
<57·2 :1.;
814·3
{53·5Z)
1(!7·2%)
WESTERN P.E'GION
TOTAL O.!lTP.ICT
!NO'£. X
FCP.EST
2 FALLOW
VilA
3 UNCUL TiV.UfO
t
[:]
4 NET- SOWN AP.f A
II
4A AREA CP.OPPED
------ -- ---·-·
.
-
~----
--
'<IO~'f
-------------
THAN
I
ONcd1111lf
F I c, NO
'•
r~
northern
u.aoa~
aac•
(52 • • •
fla~
enur:el.y
the ...tera r:G91oa baa
1-.de.
Irdge!!on lagil1t.1!! ou~
of the net: .owa er:ea of 814326 Mc:ter:•• .I.D t:be
d1at:dct,148090 hect.ar:ea ( 18.1~ ~· ir:dgated b.r c•a1a.
tanJat. vella end ot:ber - - - · COIIIprial.n9 puap.aeu and
other: l.1f1l-ir:ri9aUoD
dlw.le~&
the 1n"l9at1oD in the
dl&U'J.c~
('labl.e Mo ••• 5).
1& dDDe l:!f tibe eeala
provJ.a.d by the nate 90,_,_.,t
aec:oun~g
for: 128293
hectare• (81·'" of the nat .... il'&'igabld).
t10D 1a matay .,a1lable in th4t
b19 .nd 268 ldnor caDela
ir:d.gat.d .rea).
o1:her .blporteat
aGClOUD~
Next to
~rcea
Moat of
ean•
1r:ri98-
WIUte&'n ACjJlon. ( 'lbr:ee
for
CC~D6.la.
92. 'JX of iU
~aaka
~
d4 vella er•
of irdgatioD ill the d&atr:ict.
10021 bec:t~es ( 6 " ) and 6100 hecter:oa ( • " ) of the
••~
area ir:dQa~ect.
wh&c:b
-end
on 'taka ad vella. r:-.pect&vel.y.
c• matay found 1D the . . .tern .ad the northena
'1'be otbar .ourcea of ir:d.9at.1oa era of oaly lliDO"
r:etjJlona.
~
MOD9 the
•c::ouatlng
ncp.ona.
for: 3
of
the wea~
~ Dft
&'891oa
1r:d.pt1Ga tac:utuu. followed tlr.f
erea ittipt:ed.
•JoJ•
~
be~t.c
...-n r:e91aa.
%n ~ f~ 24.0" of the aet 80VD er:ee. end
18.5" of
~ aet:
sow are.. baW
wbere.. ODly 1.1" of the
r:egloa la
WAg
1D the lau.r.
l&'rlCJa~~f.aiU t& ...
~ aot~a • • • of t:Jie II0&'1:hena
lnipt&oD teet 1 t t&-.
Bila~ur
Dia1:t'ict-¥ear 19SO.. '81 (Land J.n 'l'houaan4 H8et.area)
t,S"'
,,
:leo.lon
aouc._
Dia_~iat 'IQ~
a.U:U
.tejvtr
E. .tem ·~ion
:<at.{llora
1
(iQUlsSP Baqi,pn
i 'Ill) Qe.LJ.
.!ila!".pur
~-•am
~ail
oS.fOC
(4,0)
3.6-:;
( 2.u)
l4<g. G'
5,31
42,12
47,43
1.57
4->.82
52.7,7
99,09
6.
ted
lrriva-
lrri~a\\ed to
18,1
4,6
29,8
16,5
1,1
27,5
:21.5
24,0
7.
n2t ClOpped area
Off.i.c:e of SuPerin~dent- l.an« liec:)rdtl
ft9Ur•• in the iJJ:'.SC:ket J:'epreaent peraen~a«;1e to Net AJ:'ea ir"igetee of
each Re;ion/TehaJ.l/:liatri et.
(S7,9:·
12n.~D
10.02
( 6,0)
(47.9)
2.5~
1.17
(22.0)
1.,46
( l-7. 3)
2,55
o.u
(
0.84
(2,Q)
t,34
(3,1)
3. 74
(8,B )
.lb. 20
(85o9i
2.02
(0.04)
;:. '19
(o .. oo>
6,20
(0,13)
0.92
( 51J, 78)
0.18
t;0.3j
J:;,),
o.30
( D,42)
(c ,b)
~.::,39
o.;~
2,62
t 5,0)
-:1.0)
0,'13
(0. 73)
5.
;,ol
~..:_
OthUiil
( .3,04)
::4.
Wella
(7u,61)
(17.57)
0,28
o. 36
(0, ., )
0,67
(4. 2 1
0)
45,90
!i )
(98.
3.11
4'),99
(S·l,O )
's.
3,46
( 3, 50)
),
'tanka
91,89
(92, 73)
~,__:
Cc&e
-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-···-·-·-·ReQion,;'
Net Area
"of ne\\ area
aourcewi- area .Ir..:-igated in
Tal?le l'b,
~
...
72
~pping
PUts:n -
'!'he o-rall ar:oppJ.no patMrn
of
~
cliaU'i«* J.a
typical of an underdeftlopecl econo.y, which baa 110 agrarian
haM.
·"~•
ia evident fr:oa the food cropa o..rwM1111ng the
'·6 end ' · 7).
cropping pattern ( 'l'.tlllt,No.
The total area
under food cropa, lcharif and Rabi uJcen together·ao-• to
96Q77
heetaroa (
95~
of the tobtl cropped area) • 'l'hi.a
char&Cteratic ia evident J.n all the
three region• of the
The 1:1fluence of the mneoon on the
74.~
ia evident bom the fact that
of the
m:oppJ.nt;~
patten
9"0•• cropped
area 1• under l<h<lrif cropa., vbereaa only 25.8). of the
CJI:O••
aignifJ.cance of the extena1on of irr:ifJatiOD fllCUit.i . . in
tl".a diatr1ct.
con~derecl
the hit;~heat percente98 of
Rabi cmpa., aince the
aetton-viae, the weatem region haa
QED•• cropP*f area. (3,.8%)
c~
•joya better
under
irri~111tiOD
fecili•
tiea, a• CDIIIpared vi th t:he other: regiona. 'fba other extr_.
ia npr:eaented br; the aoi-thern rec;p.on, with only 6.fn' of
groaa cropped area under Rabi c.tOpa., becauae of poor 1rr:it..
tion facilitiea.
C%OppecS uea UDder d i f f . - t CEOpa of the diaU'ict. ~
characterl.atiC feature that ~91• ~ the tebh ia that
paddy ia the -jor czup of the diaU'ict 'ij&'Otrii on ti5.1). of
the tmH ampped
.rea.
they -"
20.6" of the
~
'l'bere
on
..,e
PUlaea ~ IMIXt 1D illportance . .
~viae
vco•• cuwecs
area.
diffenncea in the ~pattem.
In the weatena refJion. wheat •d pulaea ero alao V&'O'oD alone
\Ill_~
(Area in thouaand hec"rtarea)
J'ood uel'ld Non-l'oosj Cropt iD Bilq,Bpl.!£ Uhtfict-'rear 1 9 8 0
'81
62,08
(21.14)
122.55
49,95 12.13
(17.01) (4,13)
7,66
(J,OO)
231,62
(78,86)
130,0H
(51.50)
228.61 3.00
(71.84) ( 1.02)
128.78 1.30
(50,90) (0,52J
Bilaapur
MunoeJ.1
'l'otal
at.lut.QS
aaJcU
R!5aRD
J.nj¢.1'
1a1sam
.KatQhore.
t:S::m
2.47
(1.9)
(25,8)
260.75
4.35
(3,37)
482.98
(4. '77)
960,77
(95.2)
14.21
( 7,54)
123.89
(96.63)
115.15
(Sl2. 5)
(5,86)
18.56
5.64
(3.9)
8,98
(3.52)
243,66
(96,4)
139.50
(96,1)
299,04
(94.14)
15.13
(5.15)
278.57
{94,8)
(4.58)
2~.00
(95,60)
522.23
1009.0'7
128,24
189,36
317,60
145,14
252.64
293,69
546,33
10,
Total
Cropped
61:!11
in the Bracket~ ahow; puaentage to to~ e&gpped ueo_of each
Ae¢on 'l'ahail I DiaU.ict,
nouru
39,54
(3,9)
220.71
(21.9)
14.78
(11,57)
(4.4)
1.88
12.90
(10.0)
50,98
(26,9)
13,75
( 7,3)
<ao. 1>
65,76
9,86
(6,8)
(48,5)
184,63
(33, 79)
l7.2l
( 19. 7)
4.12
(2,80)
15,63
5C,ll
(15. 78) (4.92)
(3,95)
5,74
114.89
(45.5)
164.84 19,79
(30.17) (3,82)
9.
croo1
l'oo4
Non-
8.
J'ood
Crop a
SUptd •• Land Recorda. IU.laspur,M,P,
748.82
(74.21)
113,46
(88.50)
(78.04)
ue,38
251,84
(79,28)
135.29
(93,21)
sourc.a Office of --·
740,06 8,76
(73.l4) (0.87)
(86,6)
110,99
137,91 0,46
(72,80) (0,24)
133.76 1,53
(1,1)
(92.1)
248,9
2.93
(73.37) (0,92)
361.70
(66,21)
7.
357.39 4,30
(65,42) (O, '79)
ReC11pn
s.
4.
1btal
"!IS"ID
J.
l'ood
CrooS
6.
Non-
2.
J'ood
Crop a
'l'otnl
1.
J'ood
crooa
Non-
:rood
Crop a
Teha11
-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·
Re;lon/
J<bar1f
!~!ill.
1bt.U
CIQDPJ.na Patt"m_-M"ee
TABLE No• !~6
..,w
Hq•
•·z
1980. • 81 (Lend. in 'lhou.aand.
HectQt:ea)
13.08
(5.1)
108.09
(43. 7)
Mun..-11
0.60
(0.41>
~-
aource•
208.34
(20.6)
(4. 7)
41.55
1.55
(0.15)
Tehail/Diatl'i ct.
~~.
(1.26)
3.25
(0.32)
Region/
(4.12)
U.62
1.58
(1.23)
0.22
(0.11)
2e51
(2.0)
12.66
1.62
(0.&5)
3.2
(1.00)
(5.2)
1.30
(6.92)
17.28
14.01
(4.77)
)1.27
(S. 72)
0.41
(0.21)
0.63
(0.20)
0.25
(0.11)
1.05
(0.4)
1.33
(0.45)
2.38
(0.44)
9.
2.87
(1.5)
(1.10)
5.38
1.00
(0.69)
t. 76
(0. 7)
u.s>
4.12
( 1.15)
••6.28
'blea
Offflee of 111ae Suptd. •• Land. Reoorde 1111a8pw:.M.P.
l'i91U'•• 1n braakees.._,w pe~:aen~av• to 'Cotal cuopped area of each
11.06
(1.1)
26.20
(2.6)
656.84
(65.1)
DlaUict:
'Ill:» tal
0.28
(0.20)
(l.l)
4.19
10.71
(8.4)
0.47
(0.36}
1.81
(1.4)
106.47
(83.0)
a.kd.
o.21
(0.14)
14.18
(7.5)
2.18
( 1.2)
34.73
( 18. J)
o.55
(0.18)
0.19
(O.U)
0.51
(0.2)
-
18.37
(5.18)
(3.8)
5.49
(?rDO)
s.eo
o.29
(0.1)
(O. 15)
23.69
(4.33)
14.81
(5.0)
i.
f!a
o.ao
Cane
45.44
(14.31)
17.49
( 12.0)
100.64
(39.8)
44.66
(15.2)
141.30
(26.60)
~.:
Me·l•
0.47
(0.14)
u.u>
4.86
133.1
(10.2)
239.57 3.99
(75.43) ( 1. 26)
1D7.97
(74.3)
JanjfJir
~:n
b!rDJ
Katghora
R8aiRD
IICI.c:&b•m
(1.47)
(2.9)
1.35
(0.53)
4.33
A.5l
21.61
6.66) (4.00)
201.:l1
(68.5)
5.68
( 1.04)
••
IIU11ap\U'
fs9.30
~.
a.
l.
Cf;!11!1
on
Tehail
.""'
-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-···-·-·-·-·-·-·-·
Rec)ion/
P~
Wheat
Hai:te
1-uJ.aea
O.t.l
S\ag"r
Veget..
l'.culta
Othera
.
CROPPING PATT&RN-AREA WDBR D:U'FERBNT CRopS IN BlLAl:lPUR InS'l'IUCT-YEAR
na~.cs
with paddy. vhlle 1D the aon:het'n and the . . .~ noton••
paddy .111 the only
illporQn~ G&Qp.
By end lu,.e. ccopa like
wheat.. oil-aeeda. l'ltJIIIICIIIlll• ~t.abl- end fl:'lllt.a .,...
FOWD on • U.Jai ted Male
u ..-y h91GD•
'fhll D1atrtct h.d 487386 l»lcU.nos OD,.dog 892881
hec:tan• 'bet.veeo 1976-' 77_, of which 53."" fall in i:be c:at.e.
9).r:y of lesa tha 1 hectaC'e ad 27.8" fall in 1:he cat.eg:u:y
of bet:we•n l-3 heotezoea(T.bl.a No.4.&) Talra1 mQttthe&'? 1:heae
two categr)&'.i.ea
CIDYU 81.~
boldinp. which
beloo~
to the
oaucp.r:y of -.11 IDlcUngs. Only 18.2'JI. of the mbl holdinfl'
ore of..," tha 3 hec:tana~
TebJ I !o. 4.8
.,Mze of Jbldlngt.M !Ut of
NpW of !bld1g51! •
t:b! 'Pt'J
lilMPU£ m•t.rtc\
a.r•a
in
-·-·-·-·---·---·---.~.-.-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·---·-·-r-·-·-·-···~·--·
Si :re of
Heatam
llo&'i:bena
Baat:em
Dl.std.ot
tbldinp (ln
H!st;,a"!)
I·
Upm
1
1- 3
3 .. 5
s .. 10
10
"A)x). .
Region
!p•
MH
2.
3.
53,9
11.0
48.7
8.2
27.9
9.2
6.4
25.4
18.0
22.2
2~t.6
2.6
23.4
100
1 ..
Regioa
RegiOD
J!o,
'·
100
Area
L
Poe
¥!1
t.
54.8
z.
11.8
'·53.4
9.
28.4
9.1
27.9
27.8
12.2
9.4
22.9
21.2
28.2
17.9
s.s
20.7
10.0
6.1
25 .. 3
19,.0
22.8
2.9
19,5
2.2
21.7
2.1
22.5
100
100
1Q9
!'1E199lturt1 SStU•Sisa 1UO·
H,P, P. 18
A£et
!o.
100
1QO
10.0
109
Dl.nc:mnt:e of A4Jricalture
76
In tenia of area.
aa
35,3" of the area 1• under ~
tld of -.11 bz:aera. vhereaa 64). of the uea 1• •der
the ~and ot
•e<U.• end
blQ farmers ( 1.e. faDMra heYlao
holcUnQa uptoJ·10 hectU'ea and abOve 10 becttu:ea,rupectlvely).
'l'he oonc:entration of land 1a 1D a f • banda. aa ia clear f.ro.
thAI
fee~
t.helr. t.he p4t.tet~nt.e~ bf l»l~n98 ia tbe cete41)0ry of
10 hec:'Ctarua anci above \ ai~ fcteJMU:a.) 1• Qlu)' 2.1% bUt .t.D
'!'he region-wJ.ae patt.en of lend-hold1nqa J.a a1Jailer to
that of the
district. wJ. th preponderance of ••11 holdings,
The average 111M of
operation&.! hold1n98 <*188 to 1.83
atete £19'4'.- ot 3.58
heetal"ea,vhicb 1a lea• than the
bectar...
Husheni Z;;ti.on:
The district baa not made much
of l'lechan1Sat1on of agricul turel
be~ay
oper.at1o~ 1
in the fJ.eld
which
a&y
be
t•b'• No. 4.1
Nun.ber o! ll!jl:"ic::ml tur ... l lmi}llii'llleuts iillil liuc:iU.n<ll:'l' Lo BJ.laspur
Qlatrict- Yeal" 1980- 1 81
-·- ,-.--- --·- ·---·-··· ·-·- ·-·-···-·-·-·- ....-·-·-·-·-·-·- ·-·-·-·-·---·.ReJIOD
1.
Noodtal
Irotl
Plouo;.hli
Plouc.*t-.s
Bulllock
2.
3.
48566
42392
65
42214
36
19663
56139
37
12971
242
124
24929
20t:
2184~
278
396
18
38
no
101619
1493
313
caru
...
Oil
Bl.ectric'l'r.cu,ra
Enc,)ih-
Fw.~._,.
5.
6.
•
7,
Weat:ero Reqion
91laspur
Mungeli
3218
382
84
102
J!orth!!rn R•aion s
246086
•••
35Y
Hand Book I 1%2I 1>,;> ' 7o-71
-del-
-c».
19'79
.ctg,.
77
owing to the preponderance of •all holdings and general
poverty of
the farmera w1 th a
l>ackw~rd
socio-economic
backdrop, who have w1lly-DJ.tly to Cling to outiiiOded and
primitive methods of cul tivat.ion.
Only the famera with
large holdings hav11 been able to adept the 1110dern methode
The total nUIIIber of
of mechanised fa:m1ng to aoaae extent.
tractors in the district is 313. out of which 186 or more
than 50% are operating 1n Bilaspur and Mungeli teba.il&, in
tile western region, The diesel and al.ectrJ.c pump - seta
"
numbering 1493 and 4435, reapectiveJ.y, are again aaJ.nly to
be found in the weatern region and al&o, to some extent in
the eastern reg.ion,
'l'he northeJ:n region is the .oat baclc"-.
ward of all the regions on thia acore. (Table Ro. 4,9)
F.inaneial ln8ti tutiona•
The district ha• in recent tilllea been benefitted by
a rapid
growth of financial inatitutiona.
Now it is
Tab,le llo, 4.10
'J?tgl J!o,of B., OffiC!! 1,p rllp!pur Diatrict
Yea&' 19'79
-·-·---·-·-·-·-·-·-·---·-·-·-·---·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·
Regiona
SBI
DCC8
LDB
Other RRB
'J?tal
NBS
a.
~.
!a
~.
61
z.
12
5
4
8
3
14
10
<&9
5
2
7
21
lsii[SbHD Reg&2n1
Katghora
5
2
9
6
4
26
3
~
18
5
8
26
'·
p•tern
aega. 2 n:
ilaapur
Munqel.i
! 1 atern
•s&sm•
J<lnjgir
Sakti
District '!'otal
Spursea
7
Ji
i
27
3
!
2!S
4
h
i!l
Le. . Dlatrict Officer, State B.nk of Indh
Bilaapur
••
..,
.
l
•
~' '\
,.,
. . . . .
~_
'•-r
- ... .., •
•'"
•
',
#
~
•
-
0
•• ,
!
A
:.
~
,
I
•
\'..\
'
'-,
'
'}
e
\
. +.
•
•
,· ...
,• ..,) I-liA
40 ·
A.,
.,...+,. ..~"'-·
'1
4 v'_
•
- L , '" •
.......
,'
'
~
••
j
\
•
A
.•
\
,.
-
... -
'
A"e
'·- 1\
_._,
.,..
. "-'
•Y,.•'
\
-'
·, '
....
+
••
~
':
w-1
PALl
.....to- .. '
.
•
'.-,
A>
"'
•: ..
.
..... "'<
~"t
'£1'
)····
')
'
~
•
. .
, .. ~-
' ..,_,
'•
PoHPIUf,OR-"
• • • •
""' ..
·•,
•
'\
I
- ... <ti .. J '
-~
II
\
Q
I<OTA
••• G
A
'•
••,
~
')
, - ... ---,
~
1
I
.' -·\.......... _.~-·l, ... ~ ..../~f,_.,'
•••'
'
,.
'
/
~.:-·-'·••• • :· 110 • ~•• ~GIOTAIOIATPU~
- '• "'"" .
!
~
••.>;;, •
;-'
ea II
•'
'
a
'
,._'j
,_
t!OAI:I.L.A-tt
..(\
#
............
I
.I' .
::_
.... ··,·e
)oo'\AR.WA\ott
J!~ofl.£L uo. - '1'
"""'..
•
"' "\
' \ ......
'"
~ ''·-~--"'
4 "-• .
,_
I
•
\
,,
~.
,
·. '
..... -
I'IU,.t<;,[lL
•
4V'
I
• •,
-,
'
c..o..,,.,,
8ANII.
1979
""'""0
Of" I=' ICE§
.... ~Tt.RS
~V
HE:"D
~LOCK
DISTRICT
BILASPUR
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a
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r I S'TA'"ft. ~... o• ..........
,..,DL'f
ad~tely
covered by the branch. . of •,.rloua "'
ban)(a, •• a result of
At tita .ncS of
~-.r
Dec:-~,
ercd.u
branCih expaaaion pi:OQ&". . . .
1979, there were 27 brenchee of
the State Banlt of India. end 29 bl:'enchea of d1ffer•t
nationaliiHJd bank• ( Table Ro. 4.10).
of the
25 blocks ln the district.
ftleH co-.er 23.,out
l'urther., the llllaap\Wo
.Raipur Kahetriya GCaMin Bank haa 33 lil:enchea.
population served by •
ofU.c:e of a
~
aa~aerc:ial
averaljJit
bll'k ill
the district worka out to be 2'7000., vbieb co.puea fa'fOurahly with the State .,_._.of 33000 • d the All India
average of
:nooo.
'l'he diatr.lct hell a widespread network of credl t
c:c-operati vee.
1'he Diatrict Co-operative Cctral Bank h . .
34 branches, end the
Land Oevelosact 8.nk baa 18 b&"61lc:hes,
all of which are spread over the diatrJ.ct.
There are 298 primary aFiCUl teal CC'edi t .aeieti. .
with a lOO " coverage of the Ylll~of the district. on a
reqion-td- consideration, the westel'll r89iOD baa the
b1 vJ-,«iit ni.IICObe.r: of
9tlllk Offlcea. both o.aerd.al •• well aa
c:o-operati ve., totalling 70 (
.w. 25)
out of the 141 offieea
%
ln 111M •tire diatrict. The e . .tel'll
regions
ha•• 45
( 31.65; ~)and 26 ( 18.18).) banlt offices,
reapecti vely.
\
ln(E~•ttw:'?'E!•
'l'he
an4 the northem
F
(\1t1 \,/f,-
~icrul tural r~o~t of
-
area
d~anda
to
a 181:'98 ~- upon the ••UabUity of fad.liti . . for the
production _..d •arketing of tbe aCJI:'iCUl tural produce beai._
/
the phyaic:.-1 and
F
n,tural char~.Ut.1oa.
In this r~ect
"
the district does DOt
fecil1t1 . ., and the
po•-•• ade<<uate
infru-s~el
facUJ.t1ea for agc".t.c:ultural
aar~nt
he."M DOt ahotm s1,.nif1oant 9C'>Wth in the p11at. 'ftMtre are
only 12 regulated aarketa. 18 Marketing md.et1es 1104 182
I fortll1l;Jhtly •arlcets in the
unregulated wee)(ly
Yd'ioua
parts of the nLstrict.
Moat of the regulated aarketa ere
.111-e<.,."Uipped. and b...
inadequa~
storage fac111 ties ••
well as insu£f1c1ent . . _ . of tranaport.
nlallber of -lcly I fortnightly local
tratle in agricultural
tivo aerJceting
pa:~duee.
ln the large
aarJc·~ta.
••11 feraera
'1'be CDDUibution of
co-oper~
110d.et1. . in the aerket:ing of the egricultural
produce ia not a1Qilificant.
However,
they
aerye aa an outlet
for the cS1aU"ibut1oa of a..a.. fert.U1aer&, far:m-oqutpment
and other essential
eons~aer
9)0ds 1a
~
rw:al are...
No aational blgbwq paaaea tbr:ough this dlatrict. 'l'be
length of auE"faa-roada ia 3144.8 Kaa. and road-length par
100 aq.J&m. ia 15.8 Kll wbieh 1• bigher than the State aYerege
of 12.5 • · · Ho-ver the
ntad length per lakh of populatioa
is 128.8 J&m .which 1a leaa tb.a the
OUt of ~ 1529 1ohab1 ted
Yilla98s (
24.9~
reapltCt, the
State a.araQe of 134.1 ka..
Yilla98Jo of
tbe cS1atr1c:t. only 806
are linked with all.-weathar roada. Xn tbis
•••tern end 1:he weatcn regiona
ere better
developed ths the DOrthern reCJlon.
AS fer aa railvq a.aunication 1a eoac:ernecl about 5"
of the tutal lentth of the c-ailway tr.ak 1n the :itate 1a in
the 41atr1«,
aYU"~a
and the length of the railway 1a the dleUict
about 15 JCaa. per JOOO &q. - . .
41Yidooel he~a of the South
111laapur 1a e
a.aten
Ra1l••Y end
80
junction
o~
two broadgau. . railway linea • IIOabey - Howrah
Main Line and the Bllasp\1£\-Katni Branc:hooLi.,..
l'or the
of
iapro~
inti:O~-
M~Cc. .aful illpltiiMft~tloD
ac;F1cul t.ur:al 1:eehniqu.a. •4 rapid J.nduatr:ialJ..
~c
aaUon., eleCU'ieit.y la a
dhuict. only 973 out
fJ.ed.
•4
o~
3529
aeceaaJ.-.y.
Y11l~
la
au...,ur
( 27.5) .r:e elec:VJ..
1.
Xn the weatcP region., 28.9 " .ad .t.a ·t~te uetcn
re¢on 30.3,. 'rillagee .,;-e el-=trified. wher... in the
nortbem region. only 14.6 " 'rill•c;ee are elec::trified.
1Qdut\f1M
Of 1 ate, the Dlatrl.ct haa
induattiaU.•at.ton., llainly
011
•~
aakl.nt pr:e;reu ill
acaaunt of JCorbe induatz'J.al
complex- whee 111ajor pubU.c eactor
1adll~iea
of the 41.8Uict
are eatabl.iahect. I t 1• one of the bigc;eat power production
centrea in the atate.
2heA ere biD tbealal power un1 ta
at t:orlM. 'l'ho National Coal Develop•ent
~ation
J.e
operating lllajor colliery liD1 ta in W.l.upur lllaUict. .Jill
al\lNiniwa plant haa bna eat ap at Korba IIIith u.s.s.a. anct
Hungary collamr•t:J.on beoauM of the uallability of pot~c
and bau)lt te .t.a the reQion.
~r
t:he ••91• of l'ert:J.U ..- ~rat:J.oo of lDdS.a.
• fert.tli..r plant ia
~Md to
bent up at ICorba.
'.l'berfil are qlli te • ,.., inctuaa-1.. CJEQwing
~un4
&ilaiipur. the diattict ~·· OD eaCDunt ot ita
atrat891c location.
'ft\e llllaapur llpJ.nnJ.nv IU.lla
~
Ltct.,
with en 1411t.Uled oepac:J.~ of abo\4 13000 8p.i.Ddlea, 1•
en\jaQel.i 1D the P¥'Qductioa of CotUHJ yana, ·~1• y&na and
anct
ac:l'} lie
fJ.be'e.
It 1• -.ployiDQ abDut 2000 wrkera.
81
1'wo c • • t fac:toriu. one under the publ~c aacwr
and the other
near Akel t.ra.
wder tbe pdYate eectur. heve been . .~up
'1'he . .jol:iq of the -ell acale
uduatriea
are either a91»-baHd or for. .t.belleel Yis. rice llilla.
oilllilla and aaw ailla. At tbe end of 1980. there were
259 retJiatered un1ta .aploy1n<;l 692l peraona. The df.atrict
does DOt haft a,.ny c»tta. . 1nduatr1••• except JCoaa
wading for vhicl\ Cl\a.pa ( in Jmj9ir tehail) ia t:be
centra.
Acoordlng to the 1971 Canaua. there were 22240
penons ( 2.24
trade and
%)
of
~er:ca ~n
~
tote).
110rJd.ng fox-co)
the 41str1ct..
aoga~
.
'"'
1/he illp)rt.ct
IICIIiiiOOditiea exported frOID tbe dlatrict. are paddy.tueaora
allk. pulaea. edible oila. Ullber and othc foreat pz:o4ucta
like tend\& leavea. Mahua flowers and . . .da, the ainerala,
coal and dolollite are i111p0rt..nt aca
00
~d1~1•••
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