Emergency lighting systems

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Emergency lighting systems
Design Principles
Revised edition of October 2013
We show you
out safely
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Contents
2
1
Preamble 3
2
Emergency lighting Outline / definition
4
3
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Luminaires 5
Escape sign luminaires ....................................................... 5
Safety luminaires ................................................................ 5
Safety luminaire for central supply ............................... 5
Self-contained battery luminaires ................................. 5
Safety luminaire in maintained switching ................... 5
Safety luminaire in non-maintained switching .......... 5
4
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.4 Marking of escape and rescue routes 6
Escape signs .......................................................................... 6
Viewing distance ................................................................. 6
Photometric requirements to escape signs ................. 7
Mains operation ................................................................... 8
Emergency operation ......................................................... 8
Installation of escape signs .............................................. 8
5
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Emergency escape lighting 9
Installation of safety luminaires - route lighting ...... 9
Escape route lighting ......................................................... 9
Open-area lighting ............................................................ 10
High risk task area lighting ............................................ 10
Blinding limitation ............................................................ 10
6
6.1 6.1.1 6.1.2 6.1.3 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.16.1 6.16.2 6.16.3 6.16.3.1 6.16.3.2 DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting 11
Power supply systems ...................................................... 13
Central power supply system (CPS) ............................. 13
Low power supply system (LPS) .................................... 13
Self-contained battery unit ........................................... 13
Battery ................................................................................. 13
Design ................................................................................... 13
Battery capacity ................................................................ 13
Charging ............................................................................... 13
Switching ............................................................................. 13
Rated operation duration ................................................ 13
Rated luminous flux ......................................................... 13
Rated operating time ....................................................... 14
Limited operating time .................................................... 14
Response time .................................................................... 14
Circuits ................................................................................. 14
Monitoring .......................................................................... 16
Final circuits – number of luminaires .......................... 16
Installation of system and battery ............................... 16
Functional integrity .......................................................... 17
Control and bus systems ................................................. 17
Testing .................................................................................. 18
Testing devices ................................................................... 18
Log book .............................................................................. 18
Inspection procedure – deadlines ................................. 18
Initial inspection ................................................................ 18
Periodic inspection ............................................................ 18
7
7.1. Bibliographie 20
Standards...............................................................................20
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
1| Preamble
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen is a
modern medium-sized enterprise with
a long tradition. Since the foundation in
1888, our quality products have been established internationally in the electrical
engineering as well as plant engineering
sector.
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH
is a technology provider in the electrical
engineering sector with main focus on
emergency power supply and emergency
lighting.
Since 2006 RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen offers the RUSIC product line which
is a modular emergency lighting system.
With regard to safety and efficiency, the
RUSIC units are composed individually and
for completely different applications.
From new planning with mixed mode
operation to the spare part supply for existing units with special voltages, RSV offers cost-efficient and customer-specific
solutions. Regarding fabrication of our
lamps, we only use norm-compliant lightintensive LED technology.
RSV is active in many committees and
associations as well as in the emergency
lighting sector. The technical expertise
that we gained from our experiences in
these areas is documented in this manual
for emergency lighting systems. The combination of lighting technology, electrical
engineering, norms, specifications and
building laws is clearly structured and
provides reliable answers to many questions which designers or operators of
emergency lighting systems may have.
Beside the entire standard range in these
business areas, RSV is specialised in planning and production of individual and
customised units and systems. Based on
our long lasting customer relationships
and substantial experience, we repeatedly
realise exemplary solutions for the respective business sectors.
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Tradition and progress
Note:
Standards and technical specifications are subject to change. Therefore, despite extraordinary diligence, we cannot guarantee the correctness of the following
information entirely. Neither raises this manual claim of completeness regarding the discussion of all topics. If you have any indications for corrections or better
descriptions of technical facts, we would appreciate a short notice.
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
3
2| Emergency Lighting
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
DIN EN 1838 Emergency Lighting is a norm which is valid Europe-wide. The norm classifies the different kinds of
emergency lighting from emergency escape lighting via open area lighting to standby lighting.
DIN EN 1838 defines the photometric
specifications which must be met in case
of mains failure within the areas of escape
and rescue routes. The way escape and
rescue routes are to be marked is specified in detail. Additionally, you will find
specifications regarding the necessary
luminance of escape sign luminaries and
illuminated signs in case of mains failure.
Emergency lighting
Lighting provided for use when the supply to the normal lighting fails.*
Emergency escape lighting
That part of emergency lighting that
provides illumination for the safety of
people leaving a location or attempting to terminate a potentially dangerous
process before doing so.*
Escape route lighting
That part of emergency escape lighting provided to ensure that the means
of escape can be effectively identified
and safely used when the location is
occupied.*
Standby lighting
That part of emergency lighting provided
to enable normal activities to continue
substantially unchanged.*
High risk task area lighting
That part of emergency escape lighting
that provides illumination for the safety
of people involved in a potentially dangerous process or situation and to enable proper shut down procedures for
the safety of the operator and other occupants of the premises.*
Open area lighting
That part of emergency escape lighting
provided to avoid panic and provide illumination allowing people to reach
a place where an escape route can be
identified.*
*Quotation from DIN EN 1838
4
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3| Luminaires
3.1 Escape sign luminaires
 Escape sign luminaires are needed for
marking emergency exits and
escape and rescue routes.
At least one escape sign luminaire must be visible for
a person from every possible location. If illuminated
escape signs are employed,
the light source of the sign is
part of the emergency escape
lighting and must therefore
meet the same electro-technical requirements as a escape sign luminaire - these
luminaires must correspond to DIN EN
60598-2-22.
Photometric requirements for escape sign
luminaires respectively illuminated escape signs are defined in DIN 4844-1 for
mains operation and in DIN EN 1838 for
emergency operation in case of general
lighting failure. According to DIN V VDE
V 0108-100 escape sign luminaires are
to be operated in maintained switching
permanently. There might be exceptions
like working places where personnel unfamiliar with safety regulations or external
persons are excluded.
3.2 Safety luminaires
 Safety luminaires are used for illumination
of rescue routes. They must correspond to
DIN EN 60598-2-22. According to DIN EN
1838, escape route lighting must illuminate
rescue routes with compulsory minimum
luminance intensity during necessary time
periods in case of general lighting failure.
This minimum luminance intensity is 1 lx,
which is measured in the centre line of the
rescue route. The relation of the maximum
to the minimum luminance intensity on
the rescue route must not be more than
40:1 (see fig. 7 and 8).
Safety luminaires are optimised for the
equal illumination of rescue routes with
as less connecting power as possible. If
instead of these safety luminaires the
luminaires of the general lighting are
integrated into the emergency escape
lighting system, the regulations of DIN
EN 60598-2-22 must be kept. However,
these luminaires have the energetic disadvantage that their light distribution does
not comply to the requirements of equal
rescue route illumination on sufficiently
low level. Therefore the emergency power
capacity must be configured
much higher than for safety
luminaires specially designed
for this purpose.
3.3 Safety luminaire
 for central supply
These luminaires are designed
for connection to external
standby power sources such
as central power supply systems, central
batteries or other sources. For only supply
with alternating voltage (AC), the luminaires can be equipped with conventional
main connecting devices. Here the latest
application restrictions must be considered. The possible rated operating voltages are limited to 230 V and 110 V (resp.
127 V). For a supply with alternating voltage (AC) or direct voltage (DC) the luminaires can be equipped with electronical
regarding safety and serviceability and to
the requirements of DIN EN 60598-2-22.
The necessary battery capacities depend
on the rated operation duration (1 h, 3 h,
8 h) and the connected luminaire power.
3.5 Safety luminaire in main tained switching
Luminaire for which the lamps of the
emergency lighting are energised permanently if general or emergency lighting is
necessary. Escape sign luminaires are designed in steady light in almost any cases,
except for workplaces where personnel
unfamiliar with safety regulations or external persons can be excluded.
3.6 Safety luminaire in non maintained switching
Luminaire for which the lamps of the
emergency lighting are only switched on
in case of power supply failure for the
general lighting.
Note:
Luminaires for illumination of rescue
routes are mostly designed as stand-by
light. If they can be operated as socalled „charlady light“, they are defined
as „operated steady light“.
main connecting devices, which are suitable for a larger variety of voltages (24 /
48 / 60 / 110 / 230 V AC/DC). The choice of
a suitable device depends on the requirements of the selected power supply.
3.4 Self-contained battery
 Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
For emergency escape lighting two different kinds of luminaires are necessary. For illumination of rescue routes,
safety luminaires are used as standby light, and escape sign luminaires respectively illuminated escape signs are
used as permanent light. Safety luminaires and escape sign luminaires must correspond to DIN EN 60598-2-22
regarding their mechanical and electro-technical set up.
luminaires
Self-contained battery luminaires consist
of battery, lamp, control unit as well as
testing and monitoring devices (if destined). These can either be built into the
lamp’s housing or assembled in the direct
proximity (i.e. within the range of 1 m
cable length).
The batteries are usually maintenancefree NiCd batteries. However, according
to EN 60598-2-22, the complete system
must guarantee at least a 4 years durability of the battery in normal application
surroundings.
It is possible to use other batteries if
they comply to the relevant standards
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5
4|Marking of escape and rescue routes
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Emergency lighting and emergency escape lighting has two basic functions. It must be ensured that escape and
rescue routes and all safety related areas are sufficiently illuminated in case of mains failure. Escape and rescue
routes must be marked in their course with externally or internally illuminated escape signs.
Escape and rescue routes as well as emergency exits must be marked with escape
signs. At least one escape sign must be
visible for a person from every possible location. As essential part of an emergency
lighting system, the escape sign can be set
up as externally or internally illuminated
escape sign luminaire.
Safety signs are specified by the safety
colour “green” and a pictogram, i. e. a
graphical symbol consisting of “arrow”
and “escaping person”.
Corresponding to ASR A1.3 in Germany,
the escape sign in figure 4 is to be applied
for marking the escape and rescue routes
and emergency exits (technical regulation
for workplaces, implementation regulation
for ordinance on workplaces). Originally, it
is from ISO 3864 resp. ISO 7010 and was
implemented in DIN 4844-2 in 2001.
sign as before should be used. The application of both different signs in one building
is to be avoided - please check with the
supervisory authority where necessary.
DIN 4844-2
4.2 Viewing distance
 Fig. 1
Fig. 2
4.1 Escape sign
 The escape sign is a safety sign which
marks the rescue route or emergency exit,
or the way to a first aid post or the pos itself. (ASR A1.3 and DIN 4844-1)
DIN EN 1838
BGV A8
Fig. 3
ASR A1.3
Fig. 4
ASR A1.3 replaces BGV A8 Safety and
Health Designation in the Workplace
and transposes in Germany the European
Directive for Safety and Health Designation in the Workplace (Directive 92 / 58
/ EWG). The escape sign in fig. 3, so far
additionally listed in BGV A8, is therefore
no longer applicable in Germany.
Is there a continuation permit for the “old”
sign? It is recommended to use the new
escape signs in new buildings or a separate
wing of the building which is newly built
or renovated. If separate signs are to be
refitted in an existing building, the same
6
The necessary size of an escape sign can
be evaluated on the basis of a thumb rule
from DIN 4844-1 and DIN EN 1838. However, this formula is only applicable if the
photometric specifications of DIN 4844-1
and DIN EN 1838 are kept.
l=Z×h
Where:
l viewing distance
h height of the sign
Z distance factor
According to DIN 4844-1 and DIN 1838
is for:
– escape sign luminaires Z = 200
– illuminated signs Z = 100
Note:
Consequently, under comparable safety
conditions, only half as much escape
sign luminaires as illuminated escape
signs must be installed. If illuminated
escape signs are used, they must be
twice the size. Therefore, from the economical and creative point of view, the
use of escape sign luminaires is to be
preferred in any case.
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Example:
–– If the escape sign of an escape sign luminaire has a height of h = 15 cm and
the parameters according to 4.3.1 are
kept, the viewing distance is l = 30 m
–– (l = 200 × 15 cm = 30 m)
–– If the escape sign of an illuminated
sign has a height of h = 15 cm and the
parameters according to 4.3.1 are kept,
the viewing distance is l = 15 m
(l = 100 × 15 cm = 15 m)
4.3 Luminous requirements to
 escape signs
In order to allow safe and fast leaving of a
building, i. e. on escape and rescue routes,
these routes are marked with escape
signs. For easy finding, the signs must be
highly striking. The following features of
an escape sign luminaires must be considered: brightness, colour, size and form of
the graphical symbol.
The fast identification and safe orientation on the rescue route is effected via
–– the sign’s colour contrast “green” to the
surroundings
–– a maximum luminance of the sign’s
white colour contrast
–– the height h of the sign to reach the
viewing distance l
–– a graphical symbol consisting of an arrow pointing the way and an “escaping
person” according to DIN / ASR.
Note:
–– Luminance contrast k and conformity
g are important for the quality of an
escape sign luminaire. Besides the total luminance, the viewing distance of
an escape sign is closely connected to
these criteria. For example, if the contrast colour “white” is considerably
brighter than the safety colour “green”,
it can be assumed that the outline of
the graphical symbol will be crossfaded and is therefore no longer visible.
–– The safety colour is a colour with a
certain safety related meaning. For
escape signs it is “green” with green
meaning “safety” internationally. The
colourmetric limits are defined in DIN
4844 (according to DIN 4844-1, RAL
6032 corresponds to the required
green).
–– The luminance contrast k is the
relation of the luminance Lgreen
of the green safety colour to
the white contrast colour Lwhite.
–– The conformity g is the relation
of minimum to maximum luminance L within the colour surface.
–– The escape sign is clearly silhouetted against the room background
by the combination of safety colour
“green” and luminance (brightness).
–– The contrast colour is white (corresponds approximately to RAL 9003).
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
4| Marking of escape and rescue routes
h
I
Fig. 5: Viewing distance
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7
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
4| Marking of escape and rescue routes
4.3.1 Mains operation
 The marking of escape and rescue routes
has to work not only during mains failure,
i. e. in “emergency operation of the emergency escape lighting”. Much more often
it is required when the mains operation is
not disturbed, i. e. in cases of accidents,
fire or other circumstances when fast
evacuation of a building is necessary. This
means that the escape sign must be highly
conspicuous in spite of high surrounding
luminance, such as intact general lighting
or daylight in a room. The therefore relevant specifications are to be found in DIN
4844-1 resp. in ISO 3864-1. The considerable lower values from DIN EN 1838 are
not sufficient for this application.
For illuminated signs / escape signs it is
required:
–– Illumination of the sign ≥ 50 lx better
80 lx.
Note:
The well known indication of 200 cd/
m² for luminance of escape sign luminaires refers to the total luminance
of the escape sign (DIN 4844-1, edition 11/2002, withdrawn). However, it
makes no difference for the quality of
the luminaire if 200 cd/m² is required
for the total luminance or 500 cd/m²
for the colour “white”. The now defined
contrast between green and white of
1:5 to 1:15 results in approximately
200 cd/m² for the total luminance
via the surface relation green to white
(~2.5:1).
4.3.2 Emergency operation
 In dark surroundings, i. e. the general lighting has failed and there is low daylight impact, the values for escape sign luminaires
have been defined much lower in DIN EN
1838 compared to the requirements of
DIN 4844-1. However, in low indoor light
this low luminance is sufficient to ensure
the necessary conspicuity and visibility of
the safety information of the sign.
Note:
There is no statement about illuminated
signs or escape signs in DIN EN 1838.
8
4.4 Installation of the escape
 The distance between the single signs
must conform to their viewing distance
along the escape route.
signs
Emergency exits and exits along an escape and rescue route shall be marked.
If direct sight of an emergency exit is
not possible, escape signs must be provided along the way “to assist progression towards the emergency exit”.
(DIN EN 1838)
A safety sign for rescue routes must be
visible from everywhere along the rescue route. (E DIN VDE 0108-100)
The escape signs shall be internally or
externally illuminated. They should be
mounted at least 2 m above floor level
to avoid their covering by other persons.
DIN 4844-1
DIN EN 1838
field of application
light / dark surroundings
-- / dark surroundings
mains power /
emergency power
mains power / emergency
power
emergency power
continuous operation
yes
--
green safety colour
specification as in ISO3864-1 green equal to RAL 6032
white contrast
colour
specification as in ISO3864-1 white equal to RAL 9003
conformity of the
green respectively
white surface
g=
Lmin
>0,2
Lmax
illuminance contrast
between the green
and the white
surface
g=
k=
Lgreen
Lwhite
Lmin
Lmax
>0,1
1:5 to 1:15
medium illuminance of the white
contrast colour
≥500 cd/m²
—
illuminance of the
green safety colour
—
≥2 cd/m²
graphical symbol
table 1:
Requirements to internally illuminated escape sign luminaires according to DIN 4844-1 and DIN EN
1838.
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5| Emergency escape lighting
5.1 Installation of safety lumi relation between maximum and minimum
illuminance on the rescue route must not
exceed 40:1 (see fig. 8).
naires - route luminaires
According to DIN EN 1838 safety luminaires must be mounted at least 2 m
above floor level. They must emphasize
potentially dangerous places and provide
sufficient illumination for safe use of the
escape and rescue routes.
According to DIN EN 1838, the assumed
width of rescue routes is always 2 m. Wider routes are regarded as several side-byside 2-m-routes or must be equipped with
open area lighting (see 5.3). The following
indications refer to the respective centre
line of a rescue route. The illuminance may
decline by 50 % within a distance of 0.5 m
on the right and on the left of this centre
line (see fig. 7).
The positions to be emphasized include
the following:
–– potentially dangerous places
–– safety posts to illuminate these appropriately and to allow their use
–– each exit door intended to be used in
an emergency
–– stairs so that each flight of stairs receives direct light
–– any other change in level
–– compulsory emergency exits and safety
signs
–– every change of direction
–– each intersection of corridors
–– outside and near* each final exit
–– near* each first aid post**
–– near* each fire fighting equipment and
call point**
––
*) „near“ is defined as no more than 2 m in DIN EN
1838.
**) If not situated along the rescue route or within
the range of the open area lighting, an illumination level of 5 lx must be reached, measured on
the ground.
The illumination level and further quality features of the illumination for the
emergency escape lighting are described
in chapter 5.2 to 5.6 according to DIN EN
1838.
0,5 lx
0,5 lx
1m
5.2 Escape route lighting
 That part of emergency escape lighting
provided to ensure that the means of
escape can be effectively identified and
safely used when the location is occupied.
(DIN EN 1838)
1 lx
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Luminaires of the emergency escape lighting provide illumination for rooms resp. escape and rescue routes. They
also ensure the necessary visibility for evacuation purposes.
2m
Fig. 6:
Example for areas to be illuminated along a rescue
route according to DIN EN 1838
Fig. 7: Distribution of illuminance across the centre line of the rescue route
Leuchtenabstand
According to DIN EN 1838, escape route
lighting must provide compulsory minimum luminance for rescue routes during
necessary time periods in case of general
lighting failure.
This minimum luminance is 1 lx measured
on the centre line of the rescue route. The
1
40
1
40
1
40
1
Fig. 8: Distribution of illuminance along the length of a rescue route with Emin = 1 lx and conformity
of 1:40
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9
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
5| Emergency escape lighting
10
minimum
illuminance1
1 lx
achievement of
illuminance
50 % in 5 s,
100 % in 60 s
conformity
Emax : Emin
1 : 40
measuring height
above floor level 3
2 cm
colour rendering
index Ra
> 40
rated operating time
/ rated operation
duration 2
1 h/3 h/8 h
maximum illumination for limitation of physiological blinding
light point level
above the floor
maximum illumination lmax for
maximum illumination lmax for
escape route lighting and open
high risk task area lighting
area lighting
h < 2,5
500 cd
1.000 cd
2,5 ≤ h < 3,0
900 cd
1.800 cd
3,0 ≤ h < 3,5
1.600 cd
3.200 cd
3,5 ≤ h < 4,0
2.500 cd
5.000 cd
4,0 ≤ h < 4,5
3.500 cd
7.000 cd
h ≥4,5
5.000 cd
10.000 cd
table 3:
illumination of the safety luminaires to be maintained according to DIN EN 1838
table 2:
values to be kept for escape route lighting according to DIN EN 1838
) According to DIN EN 1838, the illuminance is a
minimum value which is defined for the total
operating time until the end of the service life
of the system. Hence it is a maintenance value
of the illuminance which must never be underrun neither temporally nor locally. Therefore the
designer has to consider a maintenance factor,
i. e. for a new installation the illuminance must
be more than 1 lx. The contribution of reflected
light must not be considered, i. e. for the initial
design black room surfaces shall be assumed. For
further information please refer to DIN 5035-6.
2
) See System A of DIN V VDE V 0108-100 - here
in chapter 6.
3
) According to DIN 5035-6, the measuring height
can be up to 10 cm if this is given by the construction of the measuring head. This deviation
must be indicated.
1
5.3 Open area lighting
 Other than for escape route lighting, for
open area lighting an illuminance of 0.5 lx
on the floor space is required according to
DIN EN 1838, at which the border areas of
a room with a width of 0.5 m need not be
considered.
Bild 9:
Bereich in dem nach DIN EN 1838 die Lichtstärke zu begrenzen ist
5.4 High risk task area lighting
 In case of general lighting failure, the
maintained illuminance shall not be less
than 10 % of the required illuminance
for that task, however, it shall not be less
than 15 lx. The required illuminance shall
be provided within 0.5 s, and the minimum
duration shall be the period for which the
risk exists to people. The conformity shall
be ≥ 0.1
5.5 Blinding limitation
 Possible blinding effects by the contrast
between safety luminaires and the background shall be avoided so as not to restrict the visibility of possible obstacles on
the escape and rescue routes. In order to
limit the physiological blinding, maximum
illumination for certain angle areas of
horizontal and vertical light is defined in
DIN EN 1838 depending on the installation
height (see table 3 and fig. 9). Safety luminaires must be designed in accordance
with these limiting values.
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6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
DIN EN 50172 shall be considered as
a European “consensus paper” since it
only deals with basic questions regarding
emergency escape lighting. It does not
reflect the high standard of emergency
escape lighting in Germany especially
with regard to central power supplied
emergency escape lighting systems.
According to these considerations, the
commission responsible for DIN EN 50172
and VDE 0108-1 (UK 221.3 “installations
for the gathering of people” of DKE = German commission for Electrical Engineering
and IT in the DIN and VDE) has worked out
an amendment, which is now available as
“prestandard” DIN V VDE V 0108-100 in
third edition of August 2010. The UK 221.3
recommends implementation of the DIN V
VDE V 0108-100.
Note:
Because of the status of a prestandard,
it should be explicitly agreed with a purchaser / operator of an emergency escape
lighting system that the design of the system complies with this prestandard and
not “only” to DIN EN 50172.
In the course of an upcoming revision of
DIN EN 50172, the UK 221.3 is going to
submit the issues of DIN V VDE V 0108100 to the European Standard Committee.
Something similar has already been effected on international level in connection
with the revision of IEC 60364-5-56:2009
Low-voltage electrical installations - Part
5-56: Selection and erection of electrical
equipment – Safety services.
In Germany this standard is available as
DIN VDE 0100-560:2011-03. Issues of
DIN VDE 108-100 but also especially issues of DIN VDE 0100-718 are included.
DIN V VDE V 0108-100 considers aspects
which could not be included into the European standard DIN EN 50172 for the said
“consensus reasons”.
Additionally, the prestandard describes
solutions which were not yet known or
implemented in the old DIN VDE 0108-1 or
technically not possible, e. g. “mixed mode
operation”.
The definitions of DIN VDE 0108-1 from
which size of “constructional building” an
emergency escape lighting is necessary,
have not been reconsidered. This shows
the approach to clearly systemise standards and building laws in Germany.
Together with VDE 0100-718 (10/2005)
Erection of low-voltage installations Requirements for special installations or
locations - Part 718: Installations for gathering of people, DIN EN 50171 (11/2001)
Central power supply systems and DIN EN
50272-2 (12/2001) Safety requirements
for secondary batteries and battery installations, DIN V VDE V 0108-100:2010-08
Emergency escape lighting describes the
technical requirements which shall be
considered for the design, dimensioning
and implementation of an emergency escape lighting system.
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
The well known DIN VDE 0108-1 with its extensive guidelines for the design of emergency escape lighting
systems was withdrawn in March 2007. It has been superseded by a European standard published as DIN EN
50172 (VDE 0108-100):2005-01. The withdrawal of DIN VDE 0108-1 was necessary because national standards
shall be withdrawn as soon as a European standard on the same topic is published.
Requirements from the building law, especially the compulsory building and implementation of an emergency escape lighting system, installation of the system and
battery as well as maintenance, are further
basic principles of a rule-compliant building and operating of an emergency escape
lighting system.
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11
switching time, s
rated operation duration of the power source for safety purposes in h
externally or internally illuminated safety sign in permanent operation
power supply system
central power supply – CPS
low power supply - LPS
self-contained battery system
power generator without interruption (0 s)
power generator short interruption (≤ 0.5 s)
power generator medium interruption (≤ 15 s)
specially protected power network
gathering places (except flying buildings), theatres, cinemas
2)
1
3
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
flying buildings, which are gathering
places
2)
1
3
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
exhibition halls
2)
1
3
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
shops
2)
1
3
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
restaurants
2)
1
3
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
hotels, hostels, homes
2)
15
1)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
schools
2)
15
1)
3
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
parking decks, basement garages
2)
15
1
airports, train stations
2)
1
tower buildings
2)
15
rescue routes on workplaces
2)
15
1
workplaces with special hazards
2)
0,5
X 3)
3 lx
1
3
installations for the gathering
of people
illuminance, lx
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
stages
1)
8
5)
Power supply systems
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
3
6)
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
3
4)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
X
7)
X: admissible, —: not admissible
Table 4:
extract of DIN V VDE V 0108-100
1)
depending on panic risk from 1 s to 15 s
illuminance according to DIN EN 1838
3)
period of potential danger for people
4)
8 h for residential blocks if the switching is not
designed according to 4.4.8 (refer to adjacent
note)
5)
3 h are sufficient if the switching is designed according to 4.4.8
6)
2)
12
7)
depending on evacuation concept, 1 h is admissible for above-ground areas of train stations
not required for escape routes within workplaces
Note:
Switching 4.4.8 according to DIN V VDE V
0108-100
In residential towers, hostels and homes the
emergency escape lighting in permanent operation shall be switched with the general lighting
if the rated operation duration of the power
source for safety purposes amounts to 3 h only
according to table 4. Here it is necessary to
install illuminated buttons so that from every
position at least one button is visible in case of
lighting failure. The emergency escape lighting
shall independently switch off again after an
adjustable time when it is supplied by the power
source for safety purposes.
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6.1 Power supply systems
 Central power supply systems that are
used for systems according to DIN VDE
0108-100 (DIN EN 50172) shall comply
with DIN EN 50171.
Self-contained battery units have to fulfil requirements resulting from DIN VDE
0108-100 and DIN EN 60598-2-22. For
the monitoring respectively for luminaires
with automatic control systems DIN EN
62034 has to be respected.
Please refer to annex A of E DIN VDE 0108100 to see which power supply system can
be used in which building premises (see
table 4).
6.1.1 Central power supply
 system (CPS)
Central power supply system which supplies the required emergency power to
essential safety equipment without any
limitation in power output. (DIN EN 50171)
–– design life of battery ≥10 years
–– at an ambient temperature of 20°C
6.1.2 Low power supply system
 (LPS)
Central power supply system with a limitation of the power output to 500 W for 3
h or 1500 W for 1 h
–– design life of battery ≥ 5 years
–– at an ambient temperature of 20°C
Note:
A central power supply system according
to the old VDE 0108-1 was limited as
follows: limitation of number of luminaires to 20 or limitation of power to
900 W for 1 h or 300 W for 3 h.
6.1.3 Self-contained battery unit
 Self-contained battery luminaires consist
of battery, lamp, control unit as well as
control and monitoring unit (if destined)
- they can either be in the lamp’s housing
or they can be near to it (that is within a
cable length of 1 m).
The batteries normally are maintenancefree NiCd batteries - the complete system has to be designed according to EN
60598-2-22 so that the battery should
stay in good order at least 4 years within
the usual application environments.
–– design life of battery ≥ 4 years
–– at an ambient temperature of 20 °C
It is allowed to use other batteries if they
conform to the corresponding standards
concerning safety and serviceability as
well as requirements of DIN EN 60598-222. The used battery capacities depend on
the rated operation duration (1 h, 3 h, 8 h)
and on the used lamps.
Note:
NiCd batteries are excluded from the interdiction of use in emergency light systems by the European Battery Directive.
6.2 Battery
 Batteries used in emergency escape lighting systems must comply with requirements according to DIN EN 50272-2.
6.2.1. Design
 A battery consists of one or several cells
connected to each other. These cells are a
group of components consisting of electrode and electrolyte.
There are:
–– closed cells – through the top cover
gases can escape
–– sealed cells – gas can escape at a predetermined pressure value – normally
electrolyte cannot be refilled
–– gastight cells – do not set gas or liquid
free if indicated operating conditions
are respected – do not need any additional electrolyte all through their life
time
Typical sorts of battery:
–– NiCd – nickel cadmium
–– OPzS – stationary closed lead acid battery liner plate low-maintenance
–– OPzV- stationary lead acid battery liner
plate maintenance-free
–– OGi – stationary closed lead acid battery grid plates low-maintenance
–– OGiV – stationary lead acid battery grid
plates sealed maintenance-free
6.2.2 Battery capacity
 The needed battery capacity has to be calculated according to the connected lamps
and their electrical power and the needed
rated operation duration (see table 5,
page 14).
by the rated operation duration, C1, C3,
C8 and C10 types. EUROBAT suggests for
comparability reasons always the capacity
of type C10, plus 25 % reserve in order to
allow for aging of battery.
6.3 Charging
 Battery charger must comply with DIN EN
60146-1 and DIN EN 50272-2.
–– within 12 h loading 80 % battery capacity
–– ambient range 20 °C ±5 °C
6.4 Switching
 Switching from normal operation to
emergency operation shall start automatically if the supply voltage falls below 0.6
× rated supply voltage. Normal operation
shall be restored if the supply voltage is
greater than 0.85 x rated supply voltage.
Note:
This statement is a direct quotation
from DIN EN 60598-2-22. It means
that switching shall be effected within
the range of 0.6 to 0.85fold of mains
voltage.
6.5 Rated operation duration
 The time given by the manufacturer during which the dimensioning luminous flux
is emitted [DIN EN 60598-2-22]. The
rated operation duration is the nominal
operating time according to DIN EN 1838.
6.6 Rated luminous flux
 Luminous flux that is emitted according to
manufacturer’s instructions after 60 s (0.5
s at working places with particular hazard)
after a dysfunction of the general electric
power supply and from this on till the end
of the rated operation duration. [DIN EN
60598-2-22]
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
6.7 Rated operating time
 DIN EN 1838 stipulates a minimum duration of 1 h for escape route lighting.
For high risk task area lighting the rated
operating time must be the time during
which the potential dangerous situations
for people exists (DIN EN 1838). The rated
operating time matches the rated operation duration according to DIN V VDE V
0108-100 and DIN EN 60598-2-22.
The battery manufacturer differ batteries
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13
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
luminaires
ten-storey office building
permanent light
stand-by light
10 x 4 = 40
10 x 4 à 6 W
10 x 6 à 58 W
corridors
one corridor per storey which is set out as rescue route
stairwells
two necessary stairwells
2x4=8
2 x 11 à 6 W
2 x 22 à 58 W
basements
one corridor set out as rescue route
1x4=4
1x4à6W
1x5à8W
1x3=3
1x1à6W
1x2à8W
 55
 402 W
 6088 W
engineering room main distributor, engineering room in the basement
capacity evaluation
battery capacity
402 W + 6088 W = 6490 W
+ 10% buffer 3
~7150 W
battery discharge current
7150 W/216 V
~ 33,1 A
3 h rated operation duration
+ 25 % buffer
Table 5:
Exemplary evaluation of the necessary battery
capacity
1)
This example shows a four-line system. No final
circuit exceeds the 60 % limit of the admissible
rated current of the protection device.
~ 99,3 Ah
99,3 Ah x 1,25
4
124,13 Ah2
Depending on battery manufacturer, the appropriate battery type C10 shall be selected.
3)
This buffer has been included so that later additional luminaires may be connected.
4)
This buffer must be included to allow for battery
2)
aging.
6.8 Limited operating time
 The term “limited operating time” from
VDE 0108-1 is no longer used in the new
DIN V VDE V 0108-100. The “limited operating time” had defined that after many
years of use 1-h-systems still have to run
for 40 minutes and 3-h-systems for 2
hours.
6.9 Response time
 Response time is the time between failure of the normal power supply and the
switch-on of the emergency lighting.
This time varies between 0.5 s and 15 s
depending on the respective premises. DIN
VDE 0108 stipulates different response
times for the emergency power supply
depending on the use of the building (0.5
s, 1 s and 15 s). Based on lighting application requirements, DIN EN 1838 specifies
in which time a certain illuminance must
be achieved (e.g. after 5 s 50 % and after
60 s 100 % of the required illuminance for
escape route lighting).
6.10 Circuits – central power
 systems for emergency escape
lighting
Basically, independent cables leading from
the central power system to the respective
fire compartment ensure the functional
14
final circuits
4-line system
1)
integrity of emergency escape lighting in
case of fire. The functional integrity of
the supply lines is required between the
central power system and the first luminaire or distribution in the respective fire
compartment. Each line has to be electrically protected by a separate fuse. By
this concept of wiring it can be assumed
that the fire will affect a limited part of
the building only so that the emergency
escape lighting in the rest of the building
still remains operable.
The complete breakdown of emergency
escape lighting in the part of the building affected by the fire is continued to
be delayed by the following redundancy.
If there are more than two emergency
luminaires in one room or on one escape
route, E VDE 0108-100 requires that they
have to be independently fused in an alternating way. In the “classical” sense this
redundancy requires at least four lines
with functional integrity leading from the
battery system to each fire compartment
as usually the escape sign luminaires and
the safety luminaires are connected to
different circuits (see fig. 10) and every
second luminaire of each type is to be
connected in an alternating way to the
other final circuit.
It is possible to achieve the same level of
safety by the so called mixed mode operation (see fig. 11). Here, the luminaires in
permanent operation and stand-by mode
can be connected to the same final circuit.
They must also be connected alternatingly.
If then one final circuit breaks down, every
second safety luminaire and every second
escape sign luminaire stays active.
The dislocation of the circuit modules
for switch-over from mains operation
to emergency power (battery) into the
respective fire compartments makes it
possible to further reduce the lines with
functional integrity (see figure 12). Depending on design, all fire compartments
can be supplied by one E30 line. A mixture
of dislocated and non dislocated final circuit modules is not possible. An advantage
of the dislocated final circuits is the small
number of lines and cable trays with functional integrity.
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Figure 10:
“Classical four-line system“ - RUSIC Base + Control
Figure 11:
Mixed mode operation - RUSIC Universe
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
Figure 12:
Mixed mode operation with external circuit modules
- RUSIC Universe
Escape sign luminaire in maintained mode
Safety luminaire in non-maintained mode
Safety luminaire in “switchable maintained mode”
Functional integrity line
Circuit module RSKM
Small distributor in functional integrity with output fuse
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15
6.12 Final circuits – number of
 luminaires
A maximum of 20 luminaires can be connected per final circuit. Another limitation
of the number of luminaires per final circuit is the dimensioning of the overcurrent
protection device that protects the final
circuit. A final circuit may only be loaded
to 60% of the rated current of the protection device (DIN V VDE V 0108-100). The
previous limitation of the rated current of
the protection device of the final circuit to
10 A does no longer exist.
1. Calculation of air volume flow Q
Q = 0,05 x n x Igas x CN x 10-3 [m3/h]
With
–– Q: air volume flow in m3/h
–– n: number of cells
–– CN: rated capacity in Ah
–– Igas: current that causes the gas development in mA per Ah
–– Igas = 8 mA/Ah for sealed lead acid batteries
–– Igas = 20 mA/Ah for sealed lead acid
batteries
–– Igas = 50 mA/Ah for sealed NiCd batteries
2. Evaluation of opening cross section A
of supply air and exhaust air
A = 28 x Q
with
A = opening cross section in cm2
Sample calculation:
Sealed lead acid battery OGIV type C10
with 85 Ah battery capacity, power
load
Q = 0,05 × 108 × 8 × 85 × 0,001
= 3,67 m3 /h
A = 28 × 3,67 = 103 cm2
necessary opening cross
section for ventilation
Safety luminaires in stand-by switching
and combined safety luminaires in standby switching must start to work as soon as
one circuit of the general lighting fails. At
any rate it must be ensured that in case
of failure or partial failure of the general
power supply, the emergency escape lighting of the affected compartment becomes
active.
according to DIN EN 50272-2 (see formula and example list for OGIV battery).
Natural ventilation is to be preferred to
mechanical ventilation.
calculated air volume flow
According to DIN V VDE V 0108-100
(chapter 4.4.2), in permanent mode it is
essential to monitor the general power
supply at the main distributor of the
emergency escape lighting. This does not
apply to self-contained battery units. In
stand-by mode the power supply for the
general lighting shall be monitored in the
distributor for the respective compartment. If a dysfunction in the control unit
for the general lighting can lead to failure
of lighting in a room or on a rescue route,
this control unit has to be monitored as
well. In case of failure the emergency escape lighting in stand-by mode is then to
be switched on.
number of blocks with 12 V
and Ah
6.11 Monitoring
 rated capacity type OGIV/C10
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
Q in
m³/h
A in
cm²
15 18 OGIV 12-17
0,65
18,2
20 18 OGIV 12-24
0,86
24,2
25 18 OGIV 12-28
1,08
30,2
30 18 OGIV 12-33
1,29
36,1
40 18 OGIV 12-45
1,73
48,4
50 18 OGIV 12-55
2,16
60,5
55 18 OGIV 12-60
2,37
66,4
70 18 OGIV 12-75
3,02
84,6
75 18 OGIV 12-80
3,24
90,7
85 18 OGIV 12-90
3,67
102,8
95 18 OGIV 12-100 4,10
114,8
115 18 OGIV 12-120 4,97
139,2
130 18 OGIV 12-134 5,62
157,4
145 18 OGIV 12-150 6,26
175,3
195 18 OGIV 12-200 8,42
235,8
C10 in
Ah
Table 6:
Comparison of rated capacity, typical OGIV
battery type 10 and necessary opening cross
section for ventilation
6.13 Installation of system and
 battery
For emergency lighting systems and batteries EltBauVo (German regulation on
building of service rooms for technical
installations) stipulates that there have to
be suitable electrical service rooms and
corresponding battery rooms. This means
that provisions have to be taken concerning fire protection and further constructional conditions - examples see figure 13,
page 17.
Depending on the capacity and the type
of battery, the “battery rooms” should
be ventilated sufficiently. Dimensioning
16
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battery
battery
Fig. 13: Electrical service room
(design according to EltbauVo)
1) Door in T30
2) Walls and ceilings in F90 if there is an increased fire danger in adjacent
rooms (EltBauVo §7)
3) Ventilation system if possible at opposite walls for better ventilation – if
not possible, distance of at least 2 m
4) Undisguised escape route width > 0.6 m
5) Lines to and through fire compartments with functional integrity E30
CPS: Central Power System
HVSV: Main distributor emergency power supply
HVAV: Main distributor general power supply
*HVSV and battery can also be in a combined cabinet
6.14 Functional integrity
 Functional integrity of the distribution
and the circuit system is not needed if the
emergency lighting system respectively
a distribution of the emergency lighting system serves only to supply one fire
compartment and if the system respectively the distribution is located in this fire
compartment.
Depending on the location of the electrical service room of the system and of
the location of the sub-distributions of
the emergency escape lighting in the fire
compartments, functional integrity of E30
is required for the housing of the distributions and the corresponding supply lines
(for design samples please refer to fig. 13
and 14).
If fire compartments are bigger than 1600
m², MLAR allows splitting them into “virtual fire compartments”.
In order to ensure the function of the
emergency escape lighting in case of fire,
the German model regulation for line systems MLAR (11/2005) gives guidelines for
the placing of the distribution respectively
of their housings and for the design of the
circuit system.
6.15 Control and bus systems
 Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
permitted only with interfaces that ensure
a galvanic isolation of both bus systems
from each other. A dysfunction in the control and bus system of the general lighting
must not affect the correct functioning of
the emergency escape lighting. If a dysfunction of the control and bus system of
the general lighting leads to a breakdown
of the general lighting in a room or on an
escape route, this control unit must be
monitored. In case of a fault the emergency escape lighting in the operation mode
“stand-by mode” must be switched on [E
DIN VDE 0108-100].
Control and bus systems for emergency
escape lighting shall be independent of
the control and bus systems for the general lighting. Coupling of both systems is
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17
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
6.16 Testing
 6.16.3 Inspection procedure
 6.16.1 Testing devices
 The tests described here have been taken
from DIN V VDE V 0108-100. Possible
guidelines of national authorities must be
respected additionally. If tests are to be
made that reduce the battery capacity,
e.g. the rated operation duration test, it
has to be ensured that these tests are only
effected in times of “low risk”. If this is not
possible, “appropriate measures for this
period must be taken until the batteries
are recharged”.
According to DIN EN 60598-2-22, luminaires of emergency escape lighting
shall be equipped with testing devices.
Depending on system type, self-contained
battery lamps or centrally supplied lamps,
different tests in different intervals must
be done. These tests, depending on system
layout, can be made and recorded automatically by the test system (acc. to DIN
EN 62034) or manually.
The functionality of an automatic testing
system (ATS) for an emergency escape
lighting system is defined in DIN EN
62034. DIN EN 62034 separates these test
systems into four groups:
–– Type S: Automatic test system within
the lamp with display at the lamp - local inspection of lamp for manual recording of test results necessary.
–– Type P: Supervision and display of test
results of several lamps at central test
system – manual recording of test results necessary.
–– Type ER: As type P plus additional automatic recording of test results of connected lamps.
–– Type PRN: As type P or ER but with
collective failure indication that gives
automatically a remote indication with
information about the failure of one of
the tested lamps.
––
6.16.2 Log book
 Tests and maintenance are to be noted in
a log book or with a print out of the automatic testing system. DIN V VDE V 0108100 stipulates that the log book must be
kept by a “designated responsible person”.
At least the following must be recorded
(according to DIN V VDE V 0108-100):
a. date of commissioning including documentation of subsequent changes
b. date of regular tests
c. date and short description resp. notes
of the maintenance and tests done
d. date and short description of each
fault and every remedy
e. date and short description of each
change within the emergency lighting
system
18
– deadlines
If this is not possible “appropriate
measures must be taken for this period until the batteries are recharged”.
The switching back to the general
power supply of all luminaires must be
checked. Check function of charging
device. Also check if all lamps are clean.
–– Every 3 years: Measuring of the illuminance according to DIN 5035-6.
6.16.3.1 Initial inspection
 The initial inspection comprises the luminous verification of given values for the
emergency escape lighting system. The
measurements shall be done as described
in DIN 5035-6. Furthermore the examination according to DIN VDE 0100-560 shall
be considered.
6.16.3.2 Periodic inspections
 –– Daily: Check display for correct functioning. Visual inspection whether system is ready-to-operate – no functional
test
–– Weekly: Manual or automatic triggering of the power source for safety purposes - functioning of the luminaires
for the emergency escape lighting including those for escape sign luminaires
must be checked.
–– Monthly: Functional test without rated
operation duration, i.e. “switching of
each luminaire to emergency operation through simulation of a breakdown
of the general supply for a duration
that is sufficiently long to ensure that
every lamp is on”. Afterwards the general lighting shall be restored, and every
lamp and every device must be checked
to ensure that the general power supply
has been restored.
–– Yearly: Functional test combined
with rated operation duration test,
i.e. switching of each luminaire to
emergency operation through simulation of a breakdown of the general power supply for the full operation duration given by manufacturer.
Attention: This test must not be released automatically but only manually. It has to be respected that this
test of the rated operation duration
is done during periods of “low risk”.
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battery
fire compartment < 1600m²
Fig. 14.1:
Line and HVSV without functional integrity as
all system parts provide supply for only one fire
compartment
fire compartment > 1600 m²
resp. 2 virtual fire compartments
fire compartment < 1600m²
fire compartment < 1600m²
fire compartment < 1600m²
battery
fire compartment < 1600m²
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
6| DIN VDE 0108-100 Emergency escape lighting
fire compartment < 1600m²
fire compartment < 1600m²
fire compartment >
1600 m² resp. 2 virtual
fire compartments
Fig 14:
Functional integrity (according to MLAR)
1) circuit module (RSKM) for external circuits
2) small distributor E30 with output fuse (RAK)
3) distributor without functional integrity (SKV) for circuit modules
(RSKM)
4) distributor with functional integrity E30 (RBUV) for circuit modules
(RSKM)Leitungen zu und durch Brandabschnitte in Funktionserhalt E30
5) lines to and through fire compartments in functional integrity E30
6) line within fire compartment without functional integrity
*HVSV and battery can also be housed in a combined cabinet
escape sign luminaire in maintained mode
safety luminaire in non-maintained mode
safety luminaire in switchable maintained mode
functional integrity line
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
19
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
7| Bibliographie
7.1 Standards
 DIN VDE 0108 Part 1-8 (10/1989) Power
plants and emergency power supply in
installations for gathering of people
(Note: Withdrawn since 2007)
DIN V VDE V 0108-100 (08/2010) Emergency escape lighting systems (VDE V
0108-100)
DIN DN 50172 (01/2005) Emergency escape lighting systems (VDE 0108 Part 100)
DIN VDE 0100-718 Erection of lowvoltage installations - Requirements for
special installations or locations
Part 718: Installations for gathering of
people
DIN EN 62034 (06/2007) Automatic test
systems for battery powered emergency
escape lighting (IEC 34D/780/CDV:2003);
German version EN 62034:2006
DIN EN 50171 (11/2001) Central power
supply systems
DIN EN 50272-2 (12/2001) Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery
installations
DIN EN 60146-1-1 (VDE 0558-11:199403) Semiconductor converters – General
requirements and line commutated converters
Part 1-1: Specification of basic requirements (IEC 60146-1-1:1991); German version EN 60146-1-1:1993
DIN VDE 0100-710 (11/2002) Low-voltage
electrical installations
Requirements for special installations or
locations – Part 710: Medical locations
DIN EN 1838 (07/1999) and E DIN 1838
(05/2011) Lighting applications - Emergency lighting
ISO 30061 (2008) Emergency lighting
DIN 4844-1 (06/2011) Graphical symbols
- Safety colours and safety signs - Part
1: Observation distances and colorimetric
and photometric requirements
DIN 4844-2 (02/2001) Graphical symbols
- Safety colours and safety signs - Part 2:
Overview of safety signs
DIN 5035-6 (11/2006) Artificial lighting Part 6: Measurement and evaluation
DIN EN 60598-1 (09/2009) Luminaires General requirements and tests
VDE 0711 Part 1
DIN EN 60598-2-22 (10/2008) Luminaires
- Part 2-22: Particular requirements – Luminaires for emergency lighting
VDE 0711 Part 2-22 (IEC 60598-2-22)
DIN VDE 0100-560 (03/2011) Erection of
low-voltage installations
20
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Notes
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
21
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Notes
22
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
Design Principles · Emergency lighting systems
Notes
RSV Ruhstrat Stromversorgungen GmbH · Heinestraße 12 · D-37120 Bovenden · phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0 · fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222 · e-mail: [email protected] · web: www.ruhstrat.eu
23
Safety Lighting / Emergency Power Supply
Power Supply
Battery-supported Central Power Supply Systems
Connection Technology
Nationwide service and
product support for all
Ruhstrat systems and components.
We will be happy to give
you personal advise. Please
feel free to contact us.
RSV Ruhstrat
Stromversorgungen GmbH
Heinestr.12
37120 Bovenden
Germany
Phone: +49-55 93-9 37 22-0
Fax: +49-55 93-9 37 22-222
E-Mail: [email protected]
Web: www.ruhstrat.eu
No guarantee for all details and illustrations.
Technical details are subject to change.
Status: 10/2013
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