GHG EMISSIONS REDUCTION IN THE AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECTOR UP TO 2020 IN VIẸNAM By .Nguyen Van Viet Vietnam Asociasion for cconservation of nature and environment (VACNE) Email: [email protected] The content of report: 1.GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY DATA 2.THE ORIENT TO BUILD PROGRAMME GHG REDUCTION UP TO 2020 1.GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) INVENTORY DATA Amount of GHG emissions from all sectors in Year 2000 Power Other industrial processes Agriculture LULUCF Waste 4 GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) INVENTORY DATA Composition of GHG inventory in year 2000: Million ton 5 GHG inventor data of the Agriculture & Rural Development Sector GHG Emission (mil. ton of CO2) Farming (rice) Breeding Forestry Aquaculture? Irrigation? Countryside and country occupations? No 2 CC Communication , 2010 Ministry of Resource and Environment 6 2.THE PROGRAMME OF GHG EMISSIONS REDUCTION UP TO 2020 Vietnam has been not country list which had to reduce GHG emission (Annex 1 of Kyoto protocol); Vietnam had approved Kyoto Protocol, hence, reduction of GHG emission from agriculture in particular and whole economy in general shared our responsibility to global actions to prevent climate change; In fact, there are many good agricultural practices which can reduce GHG emission have been transferred to farmers such as mixed crops with less chemical inputs, minimum tillage, system of rice intensification (SRI), saving water irrigation, IPM, ICM, 3 gains 3 reduction (3G3R), 1 obligation and 5 reductions (1O5R); Vietnam active change in cropping pattern; sustainable upland cultivation practices, Good Agriculture Practice (VietGAP), biogas, compost, etc; Main of viewpoints the integrated solutions of GHG emission reduction in agriculture and rural need: - To satisfy the purposes of economic growth, food security assurance, industrialization and modernization in agriculture and rural areas, environmental protection and significant contribution to respond to climate change; - To ensure the simplest, the most practical, obtain high socioeconomic and environmental effectives and do not disorder agricultural and rural activities; - To be able to expand, socialize and mobilize the various stakeholders’ participation and high potential to join carbon market to raise funds for GHG emission reduction activities in agriculture and rural development; - GHG emission reduction activities are high priority to develop sustainably agriculture are national voluntary efforts and need active supports from international donors. Objectives - To promote green agricultural production to produce safe agro-products, low carbon emission, sustainable development and ensure food security, significant contribution to poverty reduction and effectively respond to climate change; - Up to 2020, to reduce by 20% of total GHG emission reduction in agriculture and rural development (18,87 million ton CO2e), simultaneously ensure the growth target of agriculture and rural development according to approved targets. PROGRAMME GHG REDUCTION UP TO 2020 GHG EMISSION REDUCE 20% GDP IN AGR. GROWTH 20% REDUCE THE POVERTY 20% 10 REALITY OF PRODUCTION AND GHG EMISSION Sectors selected for building up GHG mitigation scheme 1. Farming 6. Countryside and country occupations 2. Breeding Agriculture and Rural Development 5. Irrigation 3. Aquaculture 4. Forestry 11 REALITY ASSESSMENT OF GHG EMISSION FOR THE AGRICULTURE & RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECTOR GHG Emission (mil. ton of CO2) Farming (rice) Breeding Forestry Aquaculture? Irrigation? Countryside and country occupations? Source: Additional calculation of emission level 12 FORECAST LEVEL OF GHG EMISSION TILL YEAR 2020 Farming Breeding Forestry Aquaculture Irrigation Countryside and country occupations 13 AMOUNT OF GHG REDUCTION NEEDED TILL YEAR 2020 Sectors Emission Amount of GHG to forecast till 2020 be reduced (20%) (mil. ton CO2e) (mil. ton CO2e) 1. Farming 57,02 11,40 2. Breeding 24,36 4,87 3. Forestry -20,10 3,02 15,23 3,05 0,43 0,1 6. Countryside and country occupations 19,35 3,87 Total (provisional) 96,29 26,31 4. Aquaculture 5. Irrigation 14 ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS FOR GHG EMISSION REDUCTION o Focusing on techniques in farming: ‘nong-lo-phoi’ technique, water farming, advanced farming technique, use of nitrogen fertilizers for rice and other crops; use of organic fertilizers; o Land use and change of land used in agriculture and forestry; o Protect and enrich forest, recover, regenerate forest, increase CO2 absorption capacity of forest; o Apply high technology, food component alternation, waste treatment; manage grass fields in breeding; o Re-structure ships, boats, use energy in fishing, increase efficiency of food in aquaculture; o Energy saving, increase pump performance in irrigation; o Waste management, alter fuel composition, fuel saving, cleaner production in countryside and work-specialised villages. 15 MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction (i) Farming o Apply advanced farming techniques with low emission (SRI, 3G3T, 1P5G, minimize land-digging, ‘nông-lộ-phơi’ technique;.. o Transfer part of land area with 2-3 lowproductivity seasons to farming models of ‘lúa-cá rice- fisher’, ‘lúa tôm rice-shrimp’; o Apply technologies of treatment and recycling of subsidized products; 16 MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME 1. Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction (ii) Breeding o Apply VietGAP and high technology in order to reduce GHG emission in breeding;.. o Select and apply suitable food components to reduct GHG emission in breeding; o Apply methods of complete waste treatment in breeding in order to re-cycle of waste (biogas, organic fertilizer,…) 17 MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction (iii) Forestry o Protect and sustainably develop natural forest, to increase volume of carbon storage; o Planting new forest areas;.. o Recover and regenerate depressed forest areas; o Apply comprehensive measures to prevent forest fire, loss and depression 18 MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction (iv) Aquaculture o Adjust, re-structure harvesting ships, boats to save fuels; o Improve lighting technology to production output and save energy; increase o Increase efficiency of food in raising to decrease organic emission; o Develop suitable raising model and object; good control of waste in raising 19 MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME 1. Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction (v) Irrigation o Increase performance of pumping stations to save fuel; o Improve, upgrade channel system within a farming field to increase efficiency; o Use new technology, new materials construction of irrigation structures; in o Upgrade supply system to increase capacity of gravity flows, active water-adjustment 20 MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction (vi) Countryside and country occupations o Apply comprehensive solution in waste control and treatment in countryside; o Alter fuel composition to save fossil fuels, increase use of re-generated fuels; o Apply cleaner production in work-specialised villages, and country occupations, o Use energy efficiency in production at workspecialised villages 21 THANK YOU !