PHƯƠNG PHÁP THÀNH LẬP TỔ CHỨC DÙNG NƯỚC

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GHG EMISSIONS REDUCTION IN THE
AGRICULTURE AND RURAL
DEVELOPMENT SECTOR UP TO 2020 IN
VIẸNAM
By .Nguyen Van Viet
Vietnam Asociasion for cconservation of nature and
environment (VACNE)
Email: [email protected]
The content of report:
1.GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY DATA
2.THE ORIENT TO BUILD PROGRAMME
GHG REDUCTION UP TO 2020
1.GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) INVENTORY DATA
Amount of GHG emissions from all sectors in Year 2000
Power
Other industrial processes
Agriculture
LULUCF
Waste
4
GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) INVENTORY DATA
Composition of GHG inventory in year 2000:
Million ton
5
GHG inventor data of the Agriculture & Rural Development Sector
GHG Emission (mil. ton of CO2)
Farming (rice)
Breeding
Forestry
Aquaculture?
Irrigation?
Countryside and country
occupations?
No 2 CC Communication , 2010 Ministry of Resource and Environment
6
2.THE PROGRAMME OF GHG EMISSIONS
REDUCTION UP TO 2020



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Vietnam has been not country list which had to reduce GHG emission
(Annex 1 of Kyoto protocol);
Vietnam had approved Kyoto Protocol, hence, reduction of GHG emission
from agriculture in particular and whole economy in general shared our
responsibility to global actions to prevent climate change;
In fact, there are many good agricultural practices which can reduce GHG
emission have been transferred to farmers such as mixed crops with less
chemical inputs, minimum tillage, system of rice intensification (SRI), saving
water irrigation, IPM, ICM, 3 gains 3 reduction (3G3R), 1 obligation and 5
reductions (1O5R);
Vietnam active change in cropping pattern; sustainable upland cultivation
practices, Good Agriculture Practice (VietGAP), biogas, compost, etc;
Main of viewpoints the integrated solutions of GHG emission
reduction in agriculture and rural need:
- To satisfy the purposes of economic growth, food security
assurance, industrialization and modernization in agriculture
and rural areas, environmental protection and significant
contribution to respond to climate change;
- To ensure the simplest, the most practical, obtain high
socioeconomic and environmental effectives and do not
disorder agricultural and rural activities;
- To be able to expand, socialize and mobilize the various
stakeholders’ participation and high potential to join carbon
market to raise funds for GHG emission reduction activities in
agriculture and rural development;
- GHG emission reduction activities are high priority to develop
sustainably agriculture are national voluntary efforts and need
active supports from international donors.
Objectives
-
To promote green agricultural production to produce safe
agro-products, low carbon emission, sustainable development
and ensure food security, significant contribution to poverty
reduction and effectively respond to climate change;
- Up to 2020, to reduce by 20% of total GHG emission reduction
in agriculture and rural development (18,87 million ton CO2e),
simultaneously ensure the growth target of agriculture and
rural development according to approved targets.
PROGRAMME GHG REDUCTION UP TO 2020
GHG
EMISSION
REDUCE 20%
GDP IN
AGR.
GROWTH
20%
REDUCE
THE
POVERTY
20%
10
REALITY OF PRODUCTION AND GHG EMISSION
Sectors selected for building up GHG mitigation scheme
1. Farming
6. Countryside
and country
occupations
2. Breeding
Agriculture
and Rural
Development
5. Irrigation
3. Aquaculture
4. Forestry
11
REALITY ASSESSMENT OF GHG EMISSION FOR THE AGRICULTURE &
RURAL DEVELOPMENT SECTOR
GHG Emission (mil. ton of CO2)
Farming (rice)
Breeding
Forestry
Aquaculture?
Irrigation?
Countryside and country
occupations?
Source: Additional calculation of emission level
12
FORECAST LEVEL OF GHG EMISSION TILL YEAR 2020
Farming
Breeding
Forestry
Aquaculture
Irrigation
Countryside
and country
occupations
13
AMOUNT OF GHG REDUCTION NEEDED TILL YEAR 2020
Sectors
Emission
Amount of GHG to
forecast till 2020 be reduced (20%)
(mil. ton CO2e)
(mil. ton CO2e)
1. Farming
57,02
11,40
2. Breeding
24,36
4,87
3. Forestry
-20,10
3,02
15,23
3,05
0,43
0,1
6. Countryside and country
occupations
19,35
3,87
Total (provisional)
96,29
26,31
4. Aquaculture
5. Irrigation
14
ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS FOR GHG EMISSION REDUCTION
o Focusing on techniques in farming: ‘nong-lo-phoi’ technique,
water farming, advanced farming technique, use of nitrogen
fertilizers for rice and other crops; use of organic fertilizers;
o Land use and change of land used in agriculture and forestry;
o Protect and enrich forest, recover, regenerate forest, increase CO2
absorption capacity of forest;
o Apply high technology, food component alternation, waste
treatment; manage grass fields in breeding;
o Re-structure ships, boats, use energy in fishing, increase
efficiency of food in aquaculture;
o Energy saving, increase pump performance in irrigation;
o Waste management, alter fuel composition, fuel saving, cleaner
production in countryside and work-specialised villages.
15
MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME
Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction
(i) Farming
o Apply advanced farming techniques with
low emission (SRI, 3G3T, 1P5G, minimize
land-digging, ‘nông-lộ-phơi’ technique;..
o Transfer part of land area with 2-3 lowproductivity seasons to farming models of
‘lúa-cá rice- fisher’, ‘lúa tôm rice-shrimp’;
o Apply technologies of treatment and recycling of subsidized products;
16
MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME
1. Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction
(ii) Breeding
o Apply VietGAP and high technology in order
to reduce GHG emission in breeding;..
o Select and apply suitable food components
to reduct GHG emission in breeding;
o Apply methods of complete waste treatment
in breeding in order to re-cycle of waste
(biogas, organic fertilizer,…)
17
MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME
Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction
(iii) Forestry
o Protect and sustainably develop natural
forest, to increase volume of carbon storage;
o Planting new forest areas;..
o Recover and regenerate depressed forest
areas;
o Apply comprehensive measures to prevent
forest fire, loss and depression
18
MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME
Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction
(iv) Aquaculture
o Adjust, re-structure harvesting ships, boats to
save fuels;
o Improve lighting technology to
production output and save energy;
increase
o Increase efficiency of food in raising to decrease
organic emission;
o Develop suitable raising model and object; good
control of waste in raising
19
MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME
1. Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction
(v) Irrigation
o Increase performance of pumping stations to
save fuel;
o Improve, upgrade channel system within a
farming field to increase efficiency;
o Use new technology, new materials
construction of irrigation structures;
in
o Upgrade supply system to increase capacity of
gravity flows, active water-adjustment
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MAJOR MISSIONS OF THE SCHEME
Put in operation activities on GHG emission reduction
(vi) Countryside and country occupations
o Apply comprehensive solution in waste control
and treatment in countryside;
o Alter fuel composition to save fossil fuels,
increase use of re-generated fuels;
o Apply cleaner production in work-specialised
villages, and country occupations,
o Use energy efficiency in production at workspecialised villages
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THANK YOU !
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