50 Total Marks Available:

52 Total Marks Available:
30 Knowledge
10 Inquiry
12 Application
Total Marks 50 + 2 bonus
1. Fill in the blanks (8 marks – Knowledge)
a. Sunshine can help your body make this Vitamin D.
b. Calcium is a requirement for the mother to maintain her bones and for
the baby to have adequate skeletal development.
c. EFA stands for Essential Fatty Acids.
d. Protein helps build cells.
e. Carbohydrates provide energy and muscle development.
f. Folic Acid reduces the risk of the baby having a Neural Tube Defect.
2. How many servings do you require daily from each food group. Provide
one serving including size for each food group. (8 marks – Knowledge -one
mark for the serving numbers and one for the item. Ensure serving size is
appropriate - from notes)
milk products _______________________________
6-7 grain products _______________________________
meat and alternatives ___________________________
7-8 fruits and vegetables ___________________________
3. IRON: (10 marks total - Knowledge)
Why do you need iron in your diet? (2 marks)
Iron is an essential mineral found in every cell of your body. It assists with
building red blood cells, carries oxygen and helps the brain work.
What is the difference between heme iron and non-heme iron? Provide an
example of each. (4 marks)
Heme iron is easily absorbed by your body. (eg. Beef, lamb, pork, liver, veal,
turkey, chicken, fish, seafood).
Non-Heme iron is not absorbed as well (eg. Whole grain breads, enriched cereal,
lentils, seeds, nuts, dried fruit, and dark green leafy vegetables)
What is something you can do to enhance iron absorption? (1
Have a glass of 100% juice
What is something that can hinder iron absorption? (1 marks)
Drinking coffee or tea with meals.
A pregnant woman needs 13-18 mg/day of iron in the second trimester and she
needs 23 mg/day of iron in the third trimester. (2 marks – one each)
4. Folic Acid (8 marks total - Knowledge)
Folic Acid is a B Vitamin also known as folate/folacin. (one of folate or folacin)
Folic Acid assists in the healthy development of the spine, brain, and skull of
the fetus.
Folic Acid is needed by pregnant women to support their expanding blood volume
and the growth of fetal and maternal tissues.
Health Canada recommends 0.4mg Folic Acid supplement daily.
5. Name 3 things excess caffeine can do. (3 marks- Knowledge)
• Increased chance of miscarriage
• Increased risk of premature labour
• Low birth weight
• Put mom and baby under stress
• Decreased blood flow to uterus
6. Name 2 herbal teas that are safe for use in moderation during
pregnancy. (2 marks – Knowledge)
Citrus Peel
Linden Flower
Orange Peel
Lemon Balm
Rose Hip
7. If you were asked if a pregnant woman should eat fish
– what would your considerations be? (4 marks – application)
• Some larger fish have higher levels of mercury.
• Some types of fish contain mercury which can harm
the baby.
• No more than one of these types of fish per month.
• Everything in moderation
• Canned Tuna is OK (except white albacore)
8. Outline the average weight gain for a pregnancy. (8 marks – Application ½ mark for the correct weight amount and ½ mark for the corresponding body
part – can have an unannounced bonus with the average weight gain of 25-35
3 pounds
1 pound
Amniotic Fluid
2 pounds
2.5 pounds
7.5 pounds
Blood Volume
4 pounds
Fluid Retention
Energy stored as fat for pregnancy and breastfeeding 5-8 pounds
Bonus (one mark each – one item from each area)
Name one way to decrease your risk of Food Poisoning.
• Wash your hands often
• Wash raw vegetables and fruit well
• Make sure all meat is cooked well
• Follow “best before dates”
• Have someone else change the kitty litter
Name one food that can increase your risk of Food Poisoning.
• Avoid unpasteurized milk and cheeses (soft cheeses)
• Avoid unpasteurized apple cider
• Avoid pate and smoked fish products