11-1 (01) release dates: March 10-16 Especially for and their families e I By BETIY DEBNAM - . , The Mini P_ by Betty DebNlm 0 2001 The MInI ~ Publishing Compony Inc. Hello, Alexander Graham Bell Hello! What in the world would life be without our telephone to call friends and family? We celebrate the 125th anniversary of that first call with the story of the unusual inventor who would have preferred to be remembered for his work with the deaf. Hello, Alexander Graham Bell. Alexander Graham Bell with his wife, Mabel, and their daughters, Elsie (left) and Marian. They also had two sons who died soon after birth. Mabel Hubbard lost her hearing from scarlet fever when she was a young girl. She later became one of Alexander Graham Bell's students. The first call It was on March 10, 1876, in Boston, that Bell called, "Mr. Watson, come here. I want you!" About six months later, Bell made the first long-distance call over wires stretching for eight miles. His family background As a young man Bell got his lifelong interesj; in speech and hearing from his family. His grandfather, Alexander Bell, was an actor and a speech therapist who helped treat such problems as stammering. His father, Alexander Melville Bell, was a teacher who wrote textbooks on speaking correctly. His father also invented Visual Speech, a way of teaching the deaf how to speak by using pictures to show how to make certain sounds. His mother, Eliza Symonds Bell, was a painter and a musician. She lost her hearing when Aleck was about 12. Alexander Graham Bell was born March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland. His family called him Aleck. Even as a child, he showed a lively interest in teaching speech. He even tried to teach his dog to talk. He taught it to growl while he moved its mouth and vocal cords. What came out sounded something like, "How are you, Grandma?" When he was younger, Aleck planned on becoming a musician. From the time he was a toddler, he could play any music he heard. When he was 16, he taught music and ' speech at a boy's school in Scotland. He later attended the University of Edinburgh. After college he taught Aleck at age 11. full time. When he was 17, he and his two brothers made a talking machine out of a skull and other materials. When they made the skull cry "Mama," neighbors thought a baby was crying. When his brothers diea of tuberculosis, and Aleck also }("~ame ill, his father moved the family to a healthier climate in Canada. Aleck began teaching the deaf in America. ® Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page • The Mill 11-2 (01); release dates: March 10-16 from The Mini Page by Betty C 2001 The Mini Page Publishing Company Some Telephone Milestones How people use the phone has changed a lot through the years. You used to have to go to the phone; now you can take it with you. Your phone lines might not even be connected to a phone. They might hook up to a computer instead. 1876 1878 1964 Switching was confusing, so you had one hand-held piece to listen to and another one to talk into. Push-button dialing made calling even easier. 1882 Now you had one hand free because you talked into a built-in wall set and held the receiver. A crank on the side signaled the operator. "Mr. Watson, come here. I want you." These were the famous first words ever said over the wire. 1919 Here you could take the phone to your desk! Some models were off the wall. Some even had dials. 1878 1937 You talked into and listened to the same handheld piece with this phone. This was a fancier, desktype phone with the receiver and transmitter in one piece. 1970 With fiber optics, glass or plastic fibers carry laser light signals a great distance. This gave much better reception. 1877 With this phone you had to make mouthto-ear shifts because you talked into and listened at the same spot 1965 The Early Bird Satellite was the first commercial satellite to regularly relay TV and phone calls between the U.S. and Europe. Satellites made longdistance calling much more efficient. 1980s You could take your cell phone almost everywhere. Cell phones send and receive messages over radio waves. 1984 f------"'---=------'-) The Internet linked the public by computer to people all over the world. Phone and cable lines link the v:-,d::E~~rt":; computers. Mini Spy ... Mini Spy and Basset Brown are using the telephone, an invention of Alexander Graham Bell. See if you can find: )~ :=d~INI >!===;n===l. • • • • .,,"---0 • /7"'<1\--..,..j. • • • • ruler sleeping moon number 8 pencil arrow kite strawberry saw pumpkin sailboat bell R E D T E L C E L P R 0 X N E P E C N o G M A H A J M U S I E N A L P E R U T C Q C T N E L K H N E A I U T R I C A L T U N C E F W I R G X J D E A A N B WY C R A K E Z E L P B L F L V N 1M L E Y Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®. C 0 V D Q Z V E R E W S F V K I W A R B E 0 S A B T 11-3 (01); release dates: March 10-16 The Mini Page Dinosaurs From A to Z Book is bursting with dinosaur information from Apatosaurus to Zephyrosaurus, with illustrations, descriptions, and where and when they lived. To order, send check or money order only, for $4.95 plus $1 postage and handling per copy, to: Dinosaurs From A to Z Book, P.O. Box 419242, Kansas City, Mo. 64141. Make checks payable to Andrews McMeel Publishing. 34. 35 31 • 30 • 29 • • • You'll need: 1 teaspoon cinnamon 1/4 cup sugar 1 (12-ounce) package refrigerated biscuits 2 tablespoons butter or margarine, melted What to do: 1. In a bowl, combine cinnamon and sugar. Mix well. 2. Separate biscuits. Using your hands, roll each one into a piece about 8 inches long. Pinch ends together to seal. 3. Dip each piece in melted butter or margarine, then into cinnamon-sugar mixture. 4. Twist each biscuit to form a figure 8. 5. Place several inches apart on an ungreased baking sheet. Bake in a preheated 400-degree oven for 11-14 minutes. 28 27 36 Cinnamon Twists • • • • Go dot to dot and color. 33 32 • • ~ROOkie Cookies Recipe • 37. from _ Mini " - by Belly Debnam C 2001 _ Mini P_ PubIIohing Company Inc. Meet Kimberly J. Brown • 21 • 7· from _ MInI " - by Belly Debnam C 2001 _ MIni P_ Publiohing Company Inc. Kimberly J. Brown, 16, has been acting since she was 5. She got her start by acting in commercials and modeling. At age 7, she was acting on Broadway. She was also in the Disney TV movies "Halloweentown" and "Quints." She was one of the voices in the movie ''A Bug's Life." Kimberly grew up in Gaithersburg, Md., with three younger brothers. She lived for a while in New York City and now lives in California. Her hobbies are reading, in-line skating, drawing and swimming. Her favorite group is the Backstreet Boys, and "Grease" is one of her favorite movies. Some of her favorite foods are garlic pasta, pumpkin pie, kiwi and cherries. from _ The ··h~ LEARN THE STATES ••• ~~ • multi-colored • large (35 x 23 inches) • perfect for the classroom or a child's room ~ To order, send $3.00 plus $1.00 postage and handling for each copy. Send only checks or money orders payable to: Andrews McMeel Publishing, P.O. Box 419242, Kansas City, MO 64141. Please send copies of The Mini Page Map of the U.S.A. (Item #9937-0) at $4.00 each, including postage and handling. (Bulk discount information available upon request.) Name: _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ~ress: City: Mini " - by Belly Debnam C 2001_ Mini " - Publiohing C o _ Inc. It's fun learn phonics, or the way letters sound. This week's target sound is the one made by the letters ai, as in the word pail. Mini Page and each stlte's capitll, flower and bird Mini " - PubIIohing Company Inc. ~ ~~~~ Funny Phonics ~ to TM t.=L.. from _ Mini " - by Belly Debnam C 2001 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ State: Zip: _ __ Abby: What did the angry trainer say to the elephant? Jeanne: "Pack up your trunk and get out!" \ \ Andy: What did the giraffe I} II b say when it started \ • • d? 6. rrunms; b 0 Adam: "That hits the spot!" Megan: What is the best w·" way to grow fat?' Brittany: Raise pigs! Go on an Ai word hunt. What other words can you find that use the Ai sound? What sound do you hear? -------------------------------------------Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®, 11-4 (01); release dates: March 10-16 from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam 10 2001 The Mini Page Publishing Company Inc. Hello, Again, .Alexander Graham Bell Inventing the phone Bell was only 29 when he received the patent (or legal credit) for the telephone. What he learned from music and while working with the deaf helped him make that invention. Also, when he needed money for the research, parents of deaf students helped him out. With this money he was able to hire his famous assistant, Thomas Watson. After he married, he and his wife moved to Washington, D.C. They also kept a home in Canada. Bell later became a U.S. citizen. For 45 more years after he invented the phone, he led an active life as an inventor and teacher of the deaf. He died in 1922. After President Garfield was shot in 1881, Bell invented a machine to find the bullet in the president's body. Unfortunately, the metal bedsprings confused the results. But Bell's invention did help doctors treat many soldiers in World War I. r • a machine to remove the salt ~ from sea water to make it drinkable I • a medical jacket to help injured i people breathe. This led to the iron , lung, which was later used for polio i victims. Bell invented it after his j infant son died because of breathing ! problems. He led a group to build some of the I first planes. They invented the three~ wheel landing gear and wing flaps to help steer the plane. !· f Another phone Four years after he invented the telephone, Bell and another assistant, Charles Tainter, developed a way to send sound over a beam of light. This was the first time speech had been sent without wires. Bell called the machine the "photophone." He was so proud of it he wanted to name his daughter Photophone. His wife did not go along with that idea. The photophone was the ancestor of today's fiber optics, where information is sent over laser light beams. Fiber optics The Mini Page thanks Elissa M. Brooks, Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing; and Edwin Grosvenor, great-grandson of Alexander Graham Bell. Look through your newspdper for dds or stories d170ut the phone. Next week The Mini Page is about Florida. t Alexander Graham Bell walks with three of his 10 grandchildren. Great inventor Other inventions of Alexander Graham Bell include: • an audiometer, which is still used to test hearing. This machine also measured how loud sounds are. This is why we measure sound in decibels. The word was named after Bell. ~ • a machine to find icebergs by ~ listening to underwater echoes - • wax phonograph discs to greatly improve the phonograph The Mini Page is created and edited by Betty Debnam Associate Editors Staff Artist Anne Chamberlain LucyUen Wendy Daley • After World War I, he invented a boat that could run over water where mines had been set. This boat, the hydrofoil, was the fastest boat in the world at about 71 ~& ~~bo;;~t~t ~ bathtub. Alexander Graham Bell was the second president of National Geographic. He also wrote for the magazine under the name H.A. Largelamb, which spells A. Graham Bell when you unmix the letters. Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®. Meet Alexander Graham Bell by Betty Debnam Appearing in your newspaper on _____' from The _ " - by 80ttJ Dobrwn 02D01 The_ "-~ ~Inc. (Note to Editor: Above is cameraready, one column-by-41/4-inch ad promoting Issue 11.) 11-5 (01) release dates: March 10-16 The .Mi1!.l~ Teacher's Guide j ~N Goldie oc;~d~p-;;t~;;;;~ For use by teachers and parents at home and at school. For use with issue: Hello, Alexander Graham Bell I ~ Main idea: This issue is about Alexander Graham Bell. The following is a list of f activities to be used with this issue. They are listed in order of difficulty, with the easier i pre-reader assignments listed first. Most of the activities are for younger readers. Ask ~ the children to do the following: ~ 1. Draw a picture of what you think it might have looked like when Alexander 0 Graham Bell made the first telephone call. ~ 2. Pretend you have been asked to invent a new phone of the future. Draw a picture ~ of your creation. How is your design different? 3. When Alexander Graham Bell wrote for National Geographic, he rearranged the ]; letters in his name to form a new name. Rearrange the letters in your name to make a f new name. i 4. Pretend you were going to interview Alexander Graham Bell. What five questions ~ would you ask him? . ~ 5. Discuss the following: Why is Alexander Graham Bell such an important man? ~ What would our lives be like without the telephone? How often do you use the telephone? What would it be like to invent something as useful and important as the telephone? Had you heard of Bell before reading this issue? What did you learn about him? 6. Find the following words in this issue: patent, vocal, decibels, polio, beam, toddler. Define and make up a new sentence for each one. I (Note to Editor: Above is the Teacher's Guide for Issue 11.) Supersport: Sheryl Swoopes Height: 6-0 Weight: 145 Birthdate: 3-25-71 College: Texas Tech The winner of last year's WNBA Most Valuable Player and Defensive Player of the Year was Sheryl Swoopes. She has spent her entire professional career playing forward for the Houston: Comets. Last year she averaged 20.7 points per game. Her best game was 31 points against the Phoerrix Mercury. She also played on the Olympic basketball team. Sheryl, who has a 3-year-old son, would like to work in sports broadcasting when she retires from playing basketball. Her hobbies are playing volleyball and video games and shooting pool. Some of her favorite foods are Mexican food and pralines 'n' cream ice cream. (Note to Editor: Above is copy block for Page 3, Issue 11, to be used in place of ad if desired.) Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page®.