Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) for Science and Technology

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10.3207/ 2959859860
1 0 .1 59 4/G F Z .G E O F O N . g f z 2 0 0 9 k c i u
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// TI B D O I S E RV I CE
DIGITAL OBJECT
IDENTIFIERS (DOI)
FOR SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY
Making Research Data
discoverable and citable.
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DOI
10.1594/PANGAEA.6673861
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10.3207/2959859860
DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER
Structured metadata, including the web address
(URL), are assigned to the object via the DOI name.
If an object’s URL changes, only the entry in the
metadata needs to be updated.
10.1594/GFZ.GEOFON.gfz2009kciu
Research data constitute the essential basis for new knowledge.
A lack of access to research data is often an obstacle to interdisciplinary and international research.
The use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) is an important component IN ENSURING LONG-TERM ACCESS TO SCIENTIFIC OBJECTS
(such as research data, publications, videos etc.). A DOI is used
DOI NAMES FOR PUBLICATIONS
AND RESEARCH DATA
for citation and linking purposes ­­­­– it identifies a particular
object and is permanently assigned to it.
Entering DOI names in publications is
a sophisticated way of linking a scientific article to the research data analysed
within it. By clicking on the registered
name in the document, the reader gains
access to the linked research data, and
vice versa.
If only the DOI name is available, it can
be resolved in any browser by entering
‘http://dx.doi.org’ followed by the DOI
name – H TTP:/ / D X .D O I.O RG/ 10.15 94/ PANGAEA.711173
THE DOI SERVICE FOR
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
RES
EARCHER
D AT
The DOI Service at TIB is Germany’s
first port of call for registering research data, ‘grey’ literature – that is not
commercially available – as well as for
articles in open access journals from
academic institutions. The service is
available to scientific institutions (such
as research institutes, libraries, university faculties etc.) that have their own
infrastructure for storing digital objects.
ACI
D AT
TE
META DAT EN
&
URL
DOI
The DataCite Metadata Store (MDS) is
the central tool for DOI Service customers. The use of the mds enables DOIs
and their associated metadata to be registered in just a few steps.
C AT
A LO G U E / J O U
RN
AL
S
The requirements placed on DOI Service customers are laid down in a contract. These include long-term archiving
and quality assurance, the supply of
metadata and the provision of landing
pages* for research data.
DataCite provides the technical infrastructure for DOI registration at TIB.
Some of the objectives set by this international consortium are to make it
easier for academics to gain access to
research data via the internet and to
increase acceptance of research data as
independent, citable scientific objects.
ACENTER
SER
/U
WO R K F LOW D O I R E G I S T R AT I O N
*L anding pages offer users orientation. They contain
detailed information about the object connected to the
DOI such as its author, abstract, format, access rights,
scope etc.
THE GERMAN NATIONAL LIBRARY
OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THE ADVANTAGES
OF DOI REGISTRATION
DOI registration makes it simple to clearly reference research data, making them
easily accessible. The citability achieved
by this and the ability to link data to a
publication have a positive impact on
scientific reputation.*
The enhanced visibility of research data
motivates scientists to conduct new research, and promotes scientific collaboration. In addition, theories can be substantiated because they are transparent and
traceable.
Improved access to scientific data avoids
duplication and the unnecessary provision of resources for creating data that
already exist.
Thanks to DOI registration, unique databases remain available for use in science
and research.
*Publications containing a link to data are cited 20 %
more frequently (Henneken, E. A., Accomazzi, A. (2011):
Linking to Data – Effect on Citation Rates in Astronomy.
http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.3618V1)
TIB is the German National Library for
all areas of engineering as well as architecture, chemistry, information technology, mathematics and physics. Its
misson includes providing the national
and international research community
and industry with literature and information. TIB was quick to recognise the
great importance of the availability and
publication of research data for science.
In 2005, it became the world’s first DOI
registration agency for research data and
‘grey’ literature – that is not commercially
available – in the fields of science and
technology.
WWW.TIB.EU
DATACITE
The international consortium DataCite,
a pool of globally leading research libraries and technical/scientific information
centres, was established in 2009, led by
TIB. DataCite is approved by the International DOI Foundation (IDF) as a DOI
registration agency, and is the key part-
ner when it comes to allocating DOI for
research data. The managing agent of
DataCite is located at TIB in Hannover.
WWW.DATAC ITE.O RG
GERMAN N ATI O NAL L I BR ARY OF SC I E N C E A N D T E C HN OLOGY ( TIB )
DO I-SE RV I CE
WELFENGA RTE N 1 B // 3 01 6 7 HA N N OV E R
T +49 511 7 62 14226 // D OI - I N F [email protected] I B . E U
WWW.TIB .EU /D E /PUBL I ZI E RE N - A R C HIV I E R E N / D OI - SE RV I C E
Member of the
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