COMP I Search Strategies Interview Techniques Frederic Murray

Search Strategies
Interview Techniques
Frederic Murray
Assistant Professor
MLIS, University of British Columbia
BA, Political Science, University of Iowa
Instructional Services Librarian
Al Harris Library
Catalogs, Databases, & Search Engines
• A comprehensive list of the books, periodicals, maps,
and other materials in a given collection.
• A large, regularly updated file of digitized information
related to a specific subject or field.
• Computer software designed to help the user locate
information available at sites on the World Wide Web
by selecting categories from a hierarchical directory of
subjects (example: Yahoo!) or by entering
appropriate keywords or phrases (Google).
Search Techniques
• Keyword
• Basic Boolean
Identifying Keywords
• Identify the significant terms and
concepts that describe your topic from
your thesis statement or research
• These terms will become the key for
searching catalogs, databases and
search engines for information about
your subject.
Research Question
What degree should I pursue to live well in
San Francisco?
Research Question
What career should I pursue to live well in
San Francisco?
• AND = Narrow
• OR = Expand
• NOT = Exclude
Boolean Operators
• Connect keywords only
• Must be placed between keywords
– Narrows your search
• OR
– Expands your search with synonymous terms
– Excludes words from your search
– If used too much, it can work against you!
Class Exercise
• Keyword Building Exercise
Topic: Cyber Security Careers in California
Cyber Security Careers
• Academic Search Complete (EBSCO)
• Business Source Complete (Career)
Databases are Subject Specific
Class Exercise
• Using Business Source Complete locate
three articles on Cybersecurity Careers
• Archive them in your online Folder
Conducting an Interview
Outline: 5 Steps
Setting up the interview
Preparing for the interview
Coming up with Questions
Meeting with your interviewee
Following up on your interview
Setting up the Interview
• Contact the potential interviewee in
advance & set time & place
• Identify the topic that you will be
discussing during the interview
– Family History/Hometown/Career
Preparing for the Interview
• Prepare a list of questions in advance
• Find background information about the
• Prioritize your questions and ask the
most important questions first
• Decide your goals for the interview
Coming Up with Questions
• Ask yourself: “What do I need to
• Write a list of things you want to find
• Write a list of questions that will help
your interviewee discuss this
How to ask good questions
• Ask leading questions rather than asking yes
or no questions
– Is Uncle John crazy ? (yes or no question)
– Why did Uncle John live alone in that shack for
so many years when he owned three houses?
(leading question)
• The response to a leading question will give
you more detail to support your research
Developing Good Questions
• Do as much research as possible in advance
on the person and/or topic you are working
• Sources might include
– Online Catalog (Ebooks)
– Databases
– World Wide Web
• Prepare your questions in advance in writing
and bring them to the interview.
Meeting the Interviewee
• Always bring a stiff-backed notebook
(and Pencils)
• If you wish to tape-record your
interview, always ask before doing so!
• Keep notes on the interview, but make
sure that you are still talking to the
interviewee, not just scribbling
Recording Apps
Library Equipment Resources
Circulating Multimedia Equipment & Useful Software
PMD620 is a rugged yet lightweight digital recorder (2)
Tabletop Microphone Included
Checkout for one day only
Meeting the Interviewee
• Bring your prepared list of questions to
the interview
• Try to stick to the topic at hand, but be
flexible if your interviewee brings up
unexpected but valuable information
Following up the Interview
• Always be sure to thank your
interviewee, orally and in writing
• Write your results soon after the
interview while they are fresh in your
• Let your interviewee review your
findings in order to confirm that you
have represented him/her accurately
Conducting an Interview
• Conducting a successful interview
involves attention to each of the
following steps:
– Making contact to setup the interview
– Preparing for the interview
– Meeting the interviewee
– Following up on the interview
Class Exercise
• Team up groups of 2-3
• Imagine you are interviewing someone from a
county you have never visited.
• Locate information on that country using:
CIA World FactBook
• Develop Three Leading Questions
– Try them out on each other
Designing a Good PPT
• 5 minute speech use 5-8 slides
maximum (1 minute per slide)
• Less is More ( only use 3-4 elements
per slide)
• Rely on visuals not text
The World of Knowledge
• Evolving History of Writing
• Evolving History of Libraries
• Evolving History of Education
Old & New
History of Writing
Add text
• Contact me:
– Frederic Murray
• 774-7113