COMP I Search Strategies Interview Techniques Frederic Murray Assistant Professor MLIS, University of British Columbia BA, Political Science, University of Iowa Instructional Services Librarian Al Harris Library firstname.lastname@example.org Catalogs, Databases, & Search Engines • A comprehensive list of the books, periodicals, maps, and other materials in a given collection. • A large, regularly updated file of digitized information related to a specific subject or field. • Computer software designed to help the user locate information available at sites on the World Wide Web by selecting categories from a hierarchical directory of subjects (example: Yahoo!) or by entering appropriate keywords or phrases (Google). Search Techniques • Keyword • Basic Boolean Identifying Keywords • Identify the significant terms and concepts that describe your topic from your thesis statement or research question. • These terms will become the key for searching catalogs, databases and search engines for information about your subject. Research Question What degree should I pursue to live well in San Francisco? Research Question What career should I pursue to live well in San Francisco? Boolean • AND = Narrow • OR = Expand • NOT = Exclude Boolean Operators • Connect keywords only • Must be placed between keywords • AND – Narrows your search • OR – Expands your search with synonymous terms • NOT – Excludes words from your search – If used too much, it can work against you! Class Exercise • Keyword Building Exercise Topic: Cyber Security Careers in California Cyber Security Careers Digital Crime Cyber Security WWW Code Opportunity Careers Jobs Databases • Academic Search Complete (EBSCO) • JSTOR • Business Source Complete (Career) Databases are Subject Specific Class Exercise • Using Business Source Complete locate three articles on Cybersecurity Careers • Archive them in your online Folder Conducting an Interview Outline: 5 Steps • • • • • Setting up the interview Preparing for the interview Coming up with Questions Meeting with your interviewee Following up on your interview Setting up the Interview • Contact the potential interviewee in advance & set time & place • Identify the topic that you will be discussing during the interview – Family History/Hometown/Career Preparing for the Interview • Prepare a list of questions in advance • Find background information about the interviewee • Prioritize your questions and ask the most important questions first • Decide your goals for the interview Coming Up with Questions • Ask yourself: “What do I need to know?” • Write a list of things you want to find out • Write a list of questions that will help your interviewee discuss this information How to ask good questions • Ask leading questions rather than asking yes or no questions – Is Uncle John crazy ? (yes or no question) – Why did Uncle John live alone in that shack for so many years when he owned three houses? (leading question) • The response to a leading question will give you more detail to support your research Developing Good Questions • Do as much research as possible in advance on the person and/or topic you are working on • Sources might include – Online Catalog (Ebooks) – Databases – World Wide Web • Prepare your questions in advance in writing and bring them to the interview. Meeting the Interviewee • Always bring a stiff-backed notebook (and Pencils) • If you wish to tape-record your interview, always ask before doing so! • Keep notes on the interview, but make sure that you are still talking to the interviewee, not just scribbling Recording Apps BE SURE YOU HAVE STORAGE SPACE Library Equipment Resources • • Circulating Multimedia Equipment & Useful Software PMD620 is a rugged yet lightweight digital recorder (2) – • Tabletop Microphone Included Checkout for one day only Meeting the Interviewee • Bring your prepared list of questions to the interview • Try to stick to the topic at hand, but be flexible if your interviewee brings up unexpected but valuable information Following up the Interview • Always be sure to thank your interviewee, orally and in writing • Write your results soon after the interview while they are fresh in your mind • Let your interviewee review your findings in order to confirm that you have represented him/her accurately Conducting an Interview • Conducting a successful interview involves attention to each of the following steps: – Making contact to setup the interview – Preparing for the interview – Meeting the interviewee – Following up on the interview Class Exercise • Team up groups of 2-3 • Imagine you are interviewing someone from a county you have never visited. • Locate information on that country using: CIA World FactBook • Develop Three Leading Questions – Try them out on each other Designing a Good PPT • 5 minute speech use 5-8 slides maximum (1 minute per slide) • Less is More ( only use 3-4 elements per slide) • Rely on visuals not text The World of Knowledge • Evolving History of Writing • Evolving History of Libraries • Evolving History of Education Libraries Old & New History of Writing • Add text Questions? • Contact me: – Frederic Murray • 774-7113 • email@example.com Thanks!