I. MULTIPLE CHOICE: 2 points each =...

Biology 241 – Lecture
PRACTICE TEST #2 (Ch. 5 – 10)
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE: 2 points each = 20 points
1. Which of the following is NOT correctly paired?
A. Fibrous / amphiarthrotic joints
B. Synovial / diarthrotic joints
C. Cartilaginous / amphiarthrotic joints
D. Fibrous / synarthrotic joints
2. Membranes lining body cavities that lack an opening to the outside are called
A. synovial membranes. B. mucous membranes. C. serous membranes. D. cutaneous membranes.
3. Which of the following bone type with its example is INCORRECTLY paired?
1. Long / clavicle 2. Short / phalanges 3. Flat / ribs 4. Irregular / carpals 5. Sesamoid / scapula
A. 1, 2, 3
B. 2, 3, 4
C. 3, 4, 5
D. 1, 3, 4
E. 2, 4, 5
4. A synapse is an area of physical interaction between a neuron and another neuron, a neuron and a myofiber,
or a neuron and a gland.
5. Which of the following is NOT correct concerning the skin?
A. The dermis is usually thicker than the epidermis. B. The epidermis is composed of stratified squamous epithelium.
C. The subcutaneous layer is between the dermis and the epidermis. D. The dermis contains smooth muscle and nerve tissue.
6. Muscle tissue’s “all-or-nothing” response means
A. When a myofiber contracts, all of its ATP energy molecules are changed to ADP.
B. All of the myofibers within a muscle belly contract together.
C. When a myofiber contracts, it contracts completely and maximally.
D. A myofiber, after contracting maximally, dies and has to be replaced.
7. The bones which protect the body cavities and support the head, neck, and trunk are included in the
A. axial skeleton.
B. appendicular skeleton.
C. pelvic girdle.
D. pectoral girdle.
8. The main function of melanocytes is to
A. remove dead cells by phagocytosis.
C. protect deeper cells from sunlight’s damage.
B. help control body temperature.
D. help regulate a person’s sleep-wake cycle.
9. A type of movement in which the sole of the foot is turned toward the midline is called
A. elevation.
B. depression.
C. eversion.
D. inversion.
10. The origin of an muscle is always the
A. most distal end. B. most proximal end. C. least moveable end. D. most moveable end.
II. TRUE / FALSE: 2 points each = 20 points Remember: Correction of a FALSE statement, by crossing out
the inappropriate word(s) and substituting appropriate word(s) to make it a TRUE statement, will earn ONE BONUS POINT)
T F 11. A motor unit consists of one myofiber and all the motor neurons with which it synapses.
T F 12. The normal replacement of old osseous connective tissue with new is called remodeling.
T F 13. Arrector pili muscles are composed of skeletal myofibers; and they make hair follicles “stand-up”.
241 – Lecture PRACTICE TEST #2
Page Two
T F 14. Bones grow interstitially as long as the cartilage cells of their “growth plates” are active.
T F 15. The major subdivisions of the axial skeleton are: the skull, the rib cage, the vertebral column and
the two pelvic bones.
T F 16. The neuron process in which impulses travel towards the cell body is the axon.
T F 17. One of the major functions of the skeletal system is hemostasis.
T F 18. The connective tissue “wrapping” associated with muscle fascicles is the endomysium.
T F 19. All myofibers are multinucleated.
T F 20. Nerve tissue is composed of two main types of cells: the functional nerve tissue cells called neurons,
and the supporting nerve tissue cells called supportocytes.
III. MATCHING: 1 point each = 15 points
21. These cells maintain osseous connective tissue.
22. These cells of the skin give it its immune capabilities.
23. These cells act as receptors for light touch; they are
In close association with a sensory neuron.
A. Osteoblasts
B. Osteocytes
C. Langerhans cells
D. Merkel’s cells
E. Meissner’s corpuscles
24. These cells produce the water-proofing protein in the skin.
25. These cells produce a very dark brown/black pigmented
26. These cells reabsorb osseous connective tissue.
A. Osteocytes
B. Osteoclasts
C. Carotenocytes
D. Keratinocytes
E. Melanocytes
27. The hormone with the greatest inhibitory influence on
A. Calcitonin
epiphyseal cartilage cells.
B. Calcium phosphate (Hydroxyapatite)
28. The “anti-bone” hormone.
C. Estrogen
29. The main inorganic mineral complex (crystal) of
D. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
osseous connective tissue.
E. Testosterone
30. Exact post-synaptic structure in an NMJ
31. Structural/functional UNIT of compact osseous
connective tissue.
32. The main neurotransmitter substance
A. Acetylcholine
B. Motor end plate
C. Myofiber
D. Osteon
E. Synaptic cleft
33. A suture is an example of one of these.
34. The knee joint is an example of one of these.
35. An intervetebral articulation is an example of
one of these.
241 – Lecture PRACTICE TEST #2
Page Three
IV. LABEL THE DIAGRAMS: 20 points this page
1. Label each of the movements AS INDICATED by the direction of the arrow. Using the list below, choose
TWO LETTERS for each answer; mark TWO LINES of your Scantron.
AA Abduction
AB Adduction
BA Rotation
BB Circumduction
CA Pronation
CB Supination
(Insert five Diagrams of Movements here
40-41_____; 42-43_____; 44-45_____
DA Extension
DB Flexion
EA Dorsiflexion
EB Plantar flexion
2. This is a CHILD’s Humerus. Label the REGIONS indicated by #1 + #2; then label the other structures as
indicated by #3 - #10. Put your answers on the horizontal lines provided. (1 point each)
(Insert Diagram here)
241 – Lecture PRACTICE TEST #2
V. DIAGRAMS: 1 point each = 25 points
Page Four
Label the structures indicated. Be as SPECIFIC as possible.
(What is the name of this ENTIRE diagram?)
A. The most physiologically correct term for “bone formation is_________________________________; and
There are two methods our bodies use for this process. One method (the most complicated of the two) is:
_________________________________; and the other method is ________________________________.
B. There are several types of glands associated with the SKIN; the ____________________________glands
with ducts that open onto the surface of the skin and produce___________________________________;
the ____________________ glands which empty their oily secretion ______________________________;
(7) where?
and the _________________________________glands in the ear canal that produce____________________.