Depth Perception The ability to locate objects in a three - dimensional world. Learning Depth Perception • Blind cats! • Visual Cliff Relative Size • The smaller of two objects appears to be farther away. Relative Size & Clearness Relative Clearness • The farther away an object the less clear it appears to be. • Texture Gradients. Linear Perspective • Objects that form parallel lines appear to come together as they move farther away from us. Overlay • An object that obscures part of another object, appears to be closer. Liner Perspective & Overlay Perceptual Inference • Based on past sensory information. Perceptual Inference Mr. Stellwagen notices movement Motion Parallax • The apparent movement of objects when you move from side to side. PERCEPTION Paris in the the spring Similarity • The brain tends to group objects that are alike. Proximity • Objects that are close to each other seem to belong together Closure • When we see an unfinished form the brain fills in the gaps to finish the form. Figure-Ground Relationship • The brain uses visual cues to set off a form from its background. Optical Illusion • These perceptions are misrepresentations of reality.