Approach Human Rights Perspective of CLTS Bangladesh


Human Rights Perspective of



(Community Led Total Sanitation)

Presentation by -

Shaikh A. Halim [email protected]


Organisational Profile

Name of organisation :

Village Education Resource Center (VERC)

Year of Emergence : 1977

Vision :

A self-reliant society based on justice equity and sustainability where every human being has equal opportunity to maximize their potentialities.

Mission :

Establish and promote a dynamic and participatory sustainable process towards human development

Main interventions : WatSan & Technology, Education, Health,

Training & Communication, IBIG, Research,

Evaluation and Documentation

CLTS refers to Community Led Total Sanitation

Enables the community analyzing its own sanitation profile

• Leads to collective action towards ODF status

The approach has proved to be a good practice that covers human rights considerations towards improved access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene.

The approach put people at the forefront, enables them by installing capacity in them so that they can feel that their views are important to initiate a process of desired change in the WatSan and hygiene scenario by raising the question how they look at it --

100% Sanitation as viewed by Community People

• 100% use of hygienic latrines i.e. no open defecation

• Good personal hygiene practices

• Safe water use for all domestic purposes

• Water points well managed

Key Principles

•Targeting total coverage for (100%) sanitation


• Social development not service delivery


• Utilization of Social Capital


• Sanitation should not be a charity

(Human Rights priority)

• Menu of Technology options based on affordability status of households

• Engagement of LGIs to steer the process for long term sustainability

• Recognition and promotion of indigenous knowledge, values and tradition

• Bottom-up process replaces the top down planning process

• Exploring local skills, technologies, norms/values and promote



Pre-CLTS Scenario

People not consulted in planning interventions for sanitation

Total coverage was not the issue without which sanitation is meaningless

Supply driven

Service & Target oriented

Prescribed limited technology options on practice

Social accountability was not in place

Poor, poorest vulnerable people were not in the focus of attention

Detail of Steps and Stages of the Process

Entry into a


Mobilization of a


Triggering or


Transect and Rapport building

Identification of Key informants

Date and time fixation for meeting in the community

Social Mapping

Seasonality trend analysis

Well being ranking through FGD

Vann diagram

Presentation and situation analysis

Defecation site visit

Calculation of feces

Flow Diagram of feces

Menu of hygienic latrine technology options

Total coverage taken as priority


Uniqueness of the Approach

• People’s participation in the entire PIME (Planning,

Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation) process to emphasize on motivational role

• Engagement of all segment of community people

• Looks at WatSan and Hygiene Education as a Human

Rights package issue

• Total coverage (household, public place and institution)

• A sense of ownership in community people supports sustainability

Challenges ahead

Subsidy Vs. community empowerment

Decline of water table in the northern region and arsenic contamination of ground water

Support for software, hardware, research, studies, innovations

Effective coverage in public place and institutions

Lessons learnt

Shift from the old mind set

Demand responsive other than extending absolute hardware

Appropriate, low-cost and locally innovated technology

Subsidy not needed on household sanitation coverage

Local entrepreneurs in the appropriate role

Women’s situation / privacy ensured

Active involvement of Local Government

Community Mapping of WatSan situation

Self-managed public place sanitation block

Day observation on Poverty Reduction

Effective hand washing session with girl students

Active involvement of students in hygiene promotion

Affordable technology support to people with disability

Adolescent group meeting on reproductive hygiene