Business Law Chapter 2 Study Guide

Business Law Chapter 2 Study Guide
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. A crime is an offense against the public good.
2. Motive plays no part in proving criminal liability.
3. A person claiming self-defense must retreat before resorting to force.
4. It is first-degree murder if someone is killed while the accused is
committing another serious crime.
5. Robbery is the wrongful and violent taking of personal property.
6. Embezzlement is what criminals do when they need to hide large amounts
of money illegally.
7. Aiding and comforting enemies of the United States is called treason and
is illegal.
8. The person accused of a crime is called the plaintiff.
9. The American legal system is a dual system made up of the federal court
system and the state court system.
10. The purpose of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is to provide free
attorney services to U.S. citizens arrested overseas.
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
11. The unlawful killing of one human being by another, without malice
aforethought, is
a. justifiable homicide.
c. second-degree murder.
b. first-degree murder.
d. manslaughter.
12. In a criminal proceeding, the government is referred to as the
a. defendant.
c. plaintiff.
b. offender.
d. protagonist.
13. If a law enforcement officer induces a law-abiding citizen to commit a
crime, the accused may claim
a. self-defense.
c. endangerment.
b. entrapment.
d. insanity.
14. Threatening a person at gunpoint is called
a. kidnapping.
c. torture.
b. aggravated assault.
d. larceny by false pretenses.
15. The wrongful taking of another's property by a person who has been
entrusted with that property is
a. extortion.
c. larceny.
b. robbery.
d. embezzlement.
16. The two elements of a crime are
a. the criminal act and the required state of mind.
b. the criminal act and the violence involved.
c. the required state of mind and the violence involved.
d. the motive and whether or not violence was involved.
17. If someone is found not guilty by reason of insanity, he or she
a. will go free.
b. must receive psychiatric treatment.
c. has probably tricked the court.
d. will be convicted of a misdemeanor instead.
18. Crimes are categorized into crimes against people, property, motor
vehicles, and
a. murder, manslaughter, and rape.
b. assault, battery, and arson.
c. business, government, and society.
d. kidnapping, domestic violence, and vandalism.
19. When you lie under oath during a court process, you are committing
a. disorderly conduct.
c. bribery.
b. perjury.
d. treason.
20. A minor offense that is usually punishable by a fine rather than jail time is
a. a misdemeanor.
c. entrapment.
b. a felony.
d. an infraction.
Complete each statement.
21. The person being tried for a crime is called the ____________________.
22. A crime that is less serious and has a less severe penalty than a felony is
a(n) ____________________.
23. A father who uses force to save his child from an attack may claim
24. Killing someone without intending to do so is ____________________.
25. The removal or restraint of a person against that person's will is
26. Shoplifting is a form of ____________________.
27. The willful and malicious burning of a house or building is
28. Some states classify lesser crimes as minor misdemeanors or
29. If you signed a false signature on a check intending to deceive someone,
you would be committing ____________________.
Match each term with its definition.
a. crime
b. insanity
c. infractions
d. plaintiff
e. self-defense
30. In court, the party that accuses a person of a crime
31. A type of defense for people who believe they were in danger and had no
other choice but to use force to protect themselves
32. Major crimes such as murder or rape
33. Killing someone without intending to do so
34. A type of defense for people who do not know what they are doing
35. An offense committed against the public good or society
36. Sometimes called the district attorney; represents the people
37. A speeding ticket and other minor traffic violations are examples
38. Less serious crimes such as driving without a license
39. The forceful and unlawful touching of another person
Short Answer
40. Crimes are classified into three categories. Describe each and include an
example. What type of punishment is usually associated with each?