Name: Business Law Chapter 2 Study Guide True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. A crime is an offense against the public good. 2. Motive plays no part in proving criminal liability. 3. A person claiming self-defense must retreat before resorting to force. 4. It is first-degree murder if someone is killed while the accused is committing another serious crime. 5. Robbery is the wrongful and violent taking of personal property. 6. Embezzlement is what criminals do when they need to hide large amounts of money illegally. 7. Aiding and comforting enemies of the United States is called treason and is illegal. 8. The person accused of a crime is called the plaintiff. 9. The American legal system is a dual system made up of the federal court system and the state court system. 10. The purpose of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is to provide free attorney services to U.S. citizens arrested overseas. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 11. The unlawful killing of one human being by another, without malice aforethought, is a. justifiable homicide. c. second-degree murder. b. first-degree murder. d. manslaughter. 12. In a criminal proceeding, the government is referred to as the a. defendant. c. plaintiff. b. offender. d. protagonist. 13. If a law enforcement officer induces a law-abiding citizen to commit a crime, the accused may claim a. self-defense. c. endangerment. b. entrapment. d. insanity. 14. Threatening a person at gunpoint is called a. kidnapping. c. torture. b. aggravated assault. d. larceny by false pretenses. 15. The wrongful taking of another's property by a person who has been entrusted with that property is a. extortion. c. larceny. b. robbery. d. embezzlement. 16. The two elements of a crime are a. the criminal act and the required state of mind. b. the criminal act and the violence involved. c. the required state of mind and the violence involved. d. the motive and whether or not violence was involved. 17. If someone is found not guilty by reason of insanity, he or she a. will go free. b. must receive psychiatric treatment. c. has probably tricked the court. d. will be convicted of a misdemeanor instead. 18. Crimes are categorized into crimes against people, property, motor vehicles, and a. murder, manslaughter, and rape. b. assault, battery, and arson. c. business, government, and society. d. kidnapping, domestic violence, and vandalism. 19. When you lie under oath during a court process, you are committing a. disorderly conduct. c. bribery. b. perjury. d. treason. 20. A minor offense that is usually punishable by a fine rather than jail time is called a. a misdemeanor. c. entrapment. b. a felony. d. an infraction. Completion Complete each statement. 21. The person being tried for a crime is called the ____________________. 22. A crime that is less serious and has a less severe penalty than a felony is a(n) ____________________. 23. A father who uses force to save his child from an attack may claim ____________________. 24. Killing someone without intending to do so is ____________________. 25. The removal or restraint of a person against that person's will is ____________________. 26. Shoplifting is a form of ____________________. 27. The willful and malicious burning of a house or building is ____________________. 28. Some states classify lesser crimes as minor misdemeanors or ____________________. 29. If you signed a false signature on a check intending to deceive someone, you would be committing ____________________. Matching Match each term with its definition. a. crime f. b. insanity g. c. infractions h. d. plaintiff i. e. self-defense j. prosecutor battery felonies manslaughter misdemeanor 30. In court, the party that accuses a person of a crime 31. A type of defense for people who believe they were in danger and had no other choice but to use force to protect themselves 32. Major crimes such as murder or rape 33. Killing someone without intending to do so 34. A type of defense for people who do not know what they are doing 35. An offense committed against the public good or society 36. Sometimes called the district attorney; represents the people 37. A speeding ticket and other minor traffic violations are examples 38. Less serious crimes such as driving without a license 39. The forceful and unlawful touching of another person Short Answer 40. Crimes are classified into three categories. Describe each and include an example. What type of punishment is usually associated with each?