COMPARING DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES & THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE, c1800-1905 Directions: In some ways, developments in Russia paralleled those in the United States during the period of 1800 to 1905. However, Russia dealt with some unique challenges that the United States either did not have to deal with, or successfully overcame. Read each historical development in the United States and then consider what the parallel situation was for Russia. In other words, identify Russia’s similar/different comparisons. Provide supporting historical details for Russia. DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES 1. Private entrepreneurs began industrialization by opening mechanized textile factories in the area of New England (Massachusetts and Rhode Island) during the 1820s and 1830s. 2. Slavery was abolished in 1865 with the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution. Its ending came after a long struggle by abolitionists, defeat of the Confederate States in the American Civil War, and a change in national economic inetersts. Slavery was no longer necessary in an increasingly industrialized nation such as the United States. 3. As a result of industrialization, a large middle class began to form that had access to higher standards of living. A “culture of consumption” was driven by advertising that appealed to a mass market. DEVELOPMENTS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE! DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES 4. Unions began to organize, representing the interests of industrial workers who demanded better working conditions and higher pay. Sometimes, the US government would intervene with force to end particularly disruptive work strikes such as the Pullman Strike in 1894. 5. The United States pursued an expansionist policy across the North American continent with the nationalist attitude of Manifest Destiny. It also became imperialistic overseas. Hawaii was annexed in 1891 and the Spanish-American War in 1898 resulted in the US acquiring the colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines from Spain. 6. Throughout the period, the US government was structured as a democratic republic. Presidents were elected and had term limits. As guided by the Constitution, a system of checks and balances restricted their power in politics. DEVELOPMENTS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE!