The Road to Reconstruction 21

-The Road to Reconstruction-
Douglass ’Fight for equality.
Frederick Douglass and the abolitionists argued that the goal of the Civil War was to end slavery.
Emancipation and the ending of slavery was ratified by passage of the Thirteenth Amendment,
which also granted citizenship to freedmen. The Fourteenth Amendment provided for civil rights
for all people and equal protection under the law. The Fifteenth Amendment protected all citizens
from being discriminated against in voting because of race.
April 9, 1865 - Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.
After his victory over the Confederate army in Richmond, General Ulysses S. Grant called upon
General Robert E. Lee to surrender. On April 9, the two generals met at Appomattox
Courthouse, and agreed on the terms of surrender. Lee's men were sent home on parole -soldiers with their horses, and officers with their side arms. The fighting of the Civil War was
"After four years of arduous service marked by
unsurpassed courage and fortitude the Army of
Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield
to overwhelming numbers and resources,"
-General Robert E. Lee
April 14, 1865
– Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln sought to make the reconstruction of the United States back into one
united nation as quick and painless as possible. Many opposed to the south thought there
should be harsh consequences for the south. Lincoln’s assassination at Ford’s Theater on April
14, 1865 left the country in turmoil as his successors struggled to maintain order.
Directions: Using the information above answer the following questions.
What did Frederick Douglass and other Abolitionists feel was the goal of the Civil War? The goal of the Civil War was to
end slavery.
When was the surrender at the Appomattox Courthouse? The surrender was on April 9, 1865.
Who were the two generals that met for the surrender? The two generals were Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant.
What happened on Apri114, 1865? Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
Where was Lincoln assassinated? Lincoln was assassinated at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.
With the war over, and the president dead the country was faced with difficult times. Who is going to become president
now? The Vice President Andrew Johnson
The citizens of the United States will react differently to the war being over. How will the northerners feel now the war is
over? How will the southerners feel? ___________________________________________________________________
What is the United States government going to have to do to unite the country and its people?