First Aid Study Guide Dorsey I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. Action steps a. Recognize the emergency b. Decide to help c. Assess the victim Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) a. Medical exam gloves b. Face mask (CPR) c. Goggles (eye protection) Initial Check procedures a. Determine life threatening problems b. Check for responsiveness c. Airway d. Breathing e. Severe bleeding Steps to control external bleeding a. Pressure Dressing b. Elevation c. Direct Pressure i. Purpose of dressings and bandages are what? 1. Bandage applies pressure and holds dressing in place. 2. Dressing is a sterile gauze pad used to cover the open wound. Anaphylaxis a. Severe allergic reaction Amputated body parts a. Keep clean dry and cool; never freeze. Nosebleeds a. Seated and leaning forward. Never tilt the head back Impaled object a. Stabilize the object and control the bleeding. Never remove object. Splints should be applied in order to reduce movement above and below the injury Heart Attack symptoms a. Tight feeling in chest and moving outward, nauseated Stroke symptoms a. Paralysis on face, facial drooping Seizure victim a. Give the victim space, move any and all objects away from victim. Symptoms of low blood sugar a. Confusion and poor coordination Ingestion of poisons a. Call poison control center for a responsive victim b. For unresponsive victim, call 9-1-1 and check for breathing and pulse. Bites and stings a. Remove stingers w/ credit car or tweezers, never apply heat. Hyperthermia victim a. Relocate to a warm dry area, replace cold wet clothes with dry clothing, and call 9-1-1 immediately after or while changing the victim. Symptoms of Dehydration a. Fatigue, pale skin, sweating profusely. i. Move victim out of heated environment and into a cool place. ii. After environment has been changed, rehydrate victim with water. Spinal Injuries a. Immobilize victim’s neck and back. b. Call 9-1-1 c. Do not attempt to move the victim until EMS arrives.