VOCABULARY The Freedom Riders were a group of men and women who decided to use passive resistance to fight for justice. They boarded busses and sat beside white riders, refusing to ride the "colored only" bus. Riders faced police brutality, KKK violence and personal attacks. The March on Washington was one of the most famous marches during the Civil Rights movement. This is where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech on August 28th, 1963. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People – fought for equal rights for African Americans. Founded by W.E.B DuBois Malcolm X – wanted to achieve social change through violence/black power Martin Luther King Jr. – civil rights activist –gave the famous “I have a Dream” speech – believed in nonviolent protests Rosa Parks – refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery City bus. Led to Montgomery Bus Boycott 20th Century Civil Rights Leaders Discrimination Treatment or consideration based on class or category rather than individual merit Prejudice An adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts. Racism The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others. Justice The upholding of what is just, especially fair treatment and due reward in accordance with honor, standards, or law. Sit- Ins, Freedom Riders, and Marches African Americans would sit at all white restaurants and not move until they were served. This is an example of non-violent protesting.