Modern Era Although President Bush's popularity had soared to record levels with the U.S. victory in the 1991 Gulf War, it began to fade as Americans turned their attention to domestic matters, particularly the weakening U.S. economy. In the 1992 election, Democratic Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas defeated Republican President Bush. President Clinton succeeded in enacting several of his campaign promises, but was unable to pass the one that many considered the most important -- national health coverage. This and a number of political blunders resulted in growing public disillusionment with Clinton. The Republicans gained control of both the Senate and House in 1994 for the first time since the election of 1952. In the election campaigns, Republicans had promised to implement a "Contract with America." However, when Republicans tried to keep their promises by cutting domestic spending, President Clinton vetoed those cuts. He vowed that he would never accept cuts in Medicare, Medicaid, environmental protection, or education. These vetoes resulted in the shutdown of the federal government on two occasions in 1995-1996. The American public blamed the Republicans in Congress for these shutdowns. Thus President Clinton was on his way to re-building his political reputation. In 1996, he easily defeated Republican Robert Dole to win re-election. Early in 1998, however, a scandal erupted when President Clinton was accused of having had a sexual relationship with a White House intern and then lying about it under oath. For the remainder of that year, Clinton was under investigation by Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr. At the end of the year, the House of Representatives impeached Clinton, with almost all Republicans voting to impeach and almost all Democrats voting against. President Clinton's trial before the U.S. Senate in early 1999 ended in his acquittal on all charges. The 2000 presidential contest was between Vice President Al Gore, the Democrat, and Texas Governor George W. Bush, the Republican, whose father had preceded Bill Clinton as president. Although Gore won about a half-million more popular votes nationally than Bush, the Electoral College vote was much closer. A bitterly contested legal battle over Florida's votes ensued. There, the two candidates were separated by only a few hundred votes. The U.S. Supreme Court ordered Florida to stop recounting its votes, thereby handing the presidency to Bush.