4.2 | Storytelling through Photos STEP 1 - LEARN • View this presentation to learn about how to capture storytelling photos and take notes. PLAN FOR SUCCESS plan 5-7 PHOTOS for every spread every spread needs DOMINANT photo SIZES & SHAPES vary photo on the spread But take WAY more than those 5-7 Plan ahead for a good dominant photo. Consider all contrast options DIVERSITY IS KEY • Diversify storytelling photo content: action, reaction, & illustrations • Create photo visual variety: size & shape, single- & multi-subject, artistic composition ACTION Jonah Boatman, Westlake High School [TX] LIGHTING Trevor Munch, Ward Melville High School [NY] RULE OF THIRDS PLAN AHEAD | THINK CREATIVELY Dani Najafi, Fletcher Academy [NC] ACADEMICS Matti Botti, Bryant High School [AR] ACTION | QUALITY Amanad Pankhurst, Amboy High School [IL] REACTION Charlie Hunnicutt, Bryant High School [AR] REACTION Nathan Kallison, Westlake High School [TX] LEADING LINES | STORYTELLING Dillon Blood, Trinity High School [TX] COLOR | STORYTELLING Elizabeth Yee, Horizon High School [AZ] DEPTH OF FIELD Diana Albrecht, Tartan High School [MN] ILLUSTRATION Claire Niemeier, Wrightstown High School [WI] EVERYDAY MOMENTS Abbie Lopez, Crain’s Creek Middle School [NC] CROPPING TIPS • Crop out all unnecessary information from the photo. Every inch of space should help tell the story. • Crop from the inside out. PROPORTIONS vs. Think about how the photo interacts with the shape of the photo box. Trevor Munch, Ward Melville High School [NY] STORYTELLING vs. Consider how thoughtful cropping can help you tell the story. Taylor Lockhoof, James Bowie High School [TX] CROPPING DO’S AND DON’TS Look at the background. Does it tell a story or does it distract from the Center of Interest? Avoid cropping at the neck. Avoid placing the CVI in the middle of the photo. Avoid cropping at joints Laura Gilligan, Westlake High School [TX] AHHH. THIS IS BETTER. Everyone has a head! The background adds to the story told by the photo, so we kept it.. The CVI is placed using the Rule of Thirds. Everyone has their ankles and other joints! Laura Gilligan, Westlake High School [TX] PHOTOJOURNALISM ETHICS: • As tempting as it may be, it is unethical to change the content of photos you publish. • VERY rarely: – Remove people or objects using photo editing software (e.g. put in a person who missed a group photo) – Flip images (e.g. make someone face a different direction) – Make any content changes to the photo (e.g. change the color of someone’s eyes) CODE OF ETHICS National Press Photographers Association This is an incomplete list. Go to nppa.org/code_of_ethics to learn more. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Be accurate and comprehensive in the representation of subjects. Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities. Avoid stereotyping and avoid presenting your own biases in work. Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Do not intentionally contribute to, alter, or seek to alter or influence events. Do not manipulate image in anyway that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects. IN OTHER WORDS… Your goal as a photographer is to tell the story of an event while acting respectfully and purposefully. While at an event: • Get in on the action, but respect the rights of coaches, directors, and participants to ask you to stop, not use flash, get out of their line of site, etc. • Do not interfere with or stage action. • Communicate with coaches, directors and participants so they know who you are and what you are doing. – If possible, wear a Yearbook Staff or Official Photographer t-shirt so your purpose is obvious. WHEN EDITING… When you are touching up photos using an editing software after an event, remember: • You may not alter the image to misrepresent the individual or action of a photo. • Minimal edits are okay as long as the integrity of the original photo stays intact – it is still the same photo, just minimally enhanced. ILLUSTRATION Parker Pamplin, Bryant High School [AR] ILLUSTRATION Whitney Butler, Bryant High School [AR] BE RESPECTFUL Celeste Fowler, Ola Middle School [GA] ILLUSTRATION Rena Andrews, Lincoln County High School [TN] USING PHOTOS • Several factors should be considered when selecting photos for a spread. – – – – Show-stopping quality Variety Inclusive coverage Action and interaction DOMINANT PHOTOS James Bowie High School [TX] VARIETY Palos Verdes High School [CA] INCLUSIVE COVERAGE Stillwater High School [MN] CAPTURE ACTION Westmoore High School [OK] CUT OUT BACKGROUNDS (COBS) Round Rock High School [TX] STEP 2 - PRACTICE • Demonstrate your knowledge of photographic storytelling by completing Exit Ticket 4.2 – Photo Checkup. STEP 3 - USE • Gather more photos for the yearbook by completing Start Right Activity 4.2 – Tell the Story. – All photos from this week are due at the end of class in lesson 4.4. – Review of your photos will take place in lesson 4.5.