ABSTRACT Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youths. This is because the development of any nation or community depends largely on the quality of education of such a nation. It is generally believed that the basis for any true development must commence with the development of human resources. A person’s education is closely linked to his or her life chances, income and well being; therefore it is important to understand what benefits or hinders one’s educational attainment. Parents are seen as those with the greatest influence on a child’s education. The child’s academic performance greatly depends on some parental factors. To this end, this study examines the influence of parental factors on child’s academic performance. The sample of the study comprises of male and female school children of two secondary schools, that is, Chapel Secondary School and Government Day Secondary School both in Tanke, Ilorin. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 104 students from the selected schools. The result shows that there is a relationship between parent-child interaction and a child’s academic performance. Based on the findings and conclusion of the study, it was recommended that involvement in the academic life of their children should be the responsibility of both fathers and mothers and parents should endeavour to resolve their disputes amicably without necessarily separating or divorcing which can have adverse effect on child’s academic performance.