Unit 3: Adulthood

Unit 3: Adulthood
Chs. 13-14: Early (18-40),
Chs. 15-16: Middle (40-65) ,
Chs. 17-18: Late (65-death), and
Ch. 19: The End of Life
Periods of Development
Conception to birth
Infancy and toddlerhood
Birth–2 years
Early childhood
2–6 years
Middle childhood
6–11 years
11–18 years
Early adulthood
18–40 years
Middle adulthood
40–65 years
Late adulthood
65 years–death
Overview of Early Adulthood
Physical Development
• Overall athletic skills peak, then slowly begin to decline
• Cardiovascular and respiratory capacity and immune system functioning
slowly begin to decline
• Sexual activity and reproduction peak
Cognitive Development
• Post-formal cognition
• Expertise and creativity improve
• Narrowing of vocational options and settling into career
Emotional and Social Development
• Erikson identifies intimacy as the key task
• Moving out of parental home and establishing independence
• Most cohabitate, marry and have children
• Sibling relationships become more companionate
Quiz 13
True/False Early adult is a period of senescence, or biological aging.
True/False: Age-related declines in athletic skill are almost entirely
attributable to biological aging.
Men who choose traditionally female occupations, such as nursing or
teaching, often
a. express regret about their choice.
b. have more conservative social views.
c. feel stigmatized and questioned about their career.
d. report few opportunities for advancement.
According to some theorists, cognitive development continues past the
periods identified by Piaget, leading to a stage called