Living Things Chapter 2 Powerpoint created & shared by Jamie Miller Fifth & Sixth Grade Teacher Caldwell Adventist Elementary School 1.Matter is anything that a. Has mass b. Takes up space c. Both a and b d. Neither a nor b 2.What are living things called? a. Atoms b. Organisms c. Trees d. Cells 3. Which is not true of organisms? a. b. c. d. All are made of cells All use energy All reproduce All use carbon dioxide 4. During which stage of mitosis do the chromosomes line up? a. b. c. d. Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 5. a. b. c. d. What is the purpose of the cell membrane? Control the temperature Control water content Control what goes in and out Control size 6. What part of an animal cell stores food and collects waste material? a. The nucleus b. Chromosomes c. Mitochondria d. Vacuole 7. What part of the cell holds the instructions of the cell? a. b. c. d. DNA Cell wall Cell membrane Mitochondria 8. What is not an activity necessary for life? a. Removing waste products b. Using oxygen to produce energy c. Taking in needed materials d. Moving from place to place 9. What is the green substance found inside of chloroplasts? a. Glucose b. Chloroform c. Chlorophyll d. Atoms a. Cell walls b. Vacuoles c. Chloroplasts d. Chlorophyll 10.Which structures are found in both plant and animal cells? 11. What process results in two identical cells being made? a. b. c. d. Meiosis Mitosis Photosynthesis Reduction 12.The process of two cells coming together to form one cell is called a. b. c. d. Sexual reproduction Asexual reproduction Both a and b Neither a nor b 13. What is the male cell used in reproduction called? a. b. c. d. Egg Unit Sperm Atom 14. What is the purpose of the nucleus of a cell? a. b. c. d. It helps organize data It holds the water It produces the food It controls cellular activity 15. Which statement is true about photosynthesis? a. b. c. d. It produces oxygen and glucose It takes place in plant roots It does not need sunlight It requires food energy 16. What is the result called when a sperm unites with an egg? a. b. c. d. Double cell Combined cell Fertilized cell None of these Match the cell structure on the diagram with the correct name or description. Write the letter of the structure on the line provided. 17. ____ 18. ____ 19. ____ 20. ____ 21. ____ 22. ____ The control center of the cell Cytoplasm Cell membrane The powerhouse of the cell Vacuole Chloroplasts 23. What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis? Mitosis is simple cell division. It results in two identical cells that have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Since no sex is involved, mitosis is often called asexual reproduction. Meiosis is reduction division. It results in two cells that are not identical and that contain only half the chromosome material of the parent cell. Meiosis produces the sex cells in living organisms. 24. How are plant and animal cells different? Animal cells lack the cell wall. Plant cells have a cell wall. Animal cells lack chloroplasts; plant cells usually have chloroplasts. Vacuoles in animal cells are usually small and store food or collect waste. In plant cells, vacuoles are quite large and store water. 25. Explain how the cell demonstrates God’s design. The intricacy, design, and organization of the cell structures and processes provide strong evidence of a Creator. The design of the cell could not have just happened.