Chapter One

Chapter One
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. Expansion cards are installed in long narrow expansion slots on the motherboard.
2. All circuit boards contain microchips.
3. A FireWire sound port connects to an external home theater audio system, providing digital output and the
best signal quality.
4. In nonvolatile memory, the stored information is lost when the computer is turned off.
5. There are only two states inside a computer: on and off, which represent zero and one.
Complete each statement.
6. The number system that only uses two digits, 0 and 1, is called the ____________________ number system.
7. A(n) ____________________ is a board that holds microchips, or integrated circuits (ICs), and the circuitry
that connects these chips.
8. Microchips are most often manufactured using ______________________________ technology.
9. A(n) ____________________ port transmits data in parallel and is most often used by a printer.
10. ____________________ is a standard designed to make the installation of new hardware devices easier.
Identify the letter of the choice that best matches the phrase or definition.
a. mouse
f. keyboard
b. bus
g. ROM
c. monitor
h. byte
d. binary
i. processor
e. hard copy
The technology of storing and reading only two states
A group of eight bits
The primary input device of a computer
A pointing device used to move a pointer on the screen and to make selections
The visual device that displays the primary output of the computer
Output produced on paper
The chip inside the computer that performs most of the actual data processing
Nonvolatile memory
The system of pathways used for communication and the protocol and methods used for transmission
Short Answer
20. What is the chipset?