AP History Mr. Dunn Chapters 33-34 Study Guide 1. Why did Gerald Ford pardon Richard Nixon? 2. How did Ford try to solve the problems of the American economy? 3. Explain how his solutions were or were not effective. 4. How did the energy crisis complicate Ford’s problems? 5. Describe Salt II 6. How did China change after the death of Mao Zedong 7. Why did Jimmy Carter win the presidential election of 1976? 8. How did Carter’s style hurt his presidency? 9. Describe the focus on “human rights” during Carter’s presidency. 10. Describe how Carter helped bring about a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel 11. What was the name the treaty between Egypt and Israel? 12. What led to the Iranian hostage crisis? How was it resolved? 13. What effects did the crisis have on the Carter administration? 14. Where is the “Sunbelt”? What did it mean for the political climate? 15. Describe the Sagebrush Rebellion 16. Why did many people in the suburbs tend to be conservative? 17. Describe the rise of evangelical Christianity. 18. How was it possible for there to be both liberal Christians and conservative Christians? 19. What issues did the Christian Right stress? 20. The New Right. Why were conservatives well-funded and organized in the 1970’s? 21. Describe the Christian Coalition. 22. What was Ronald Reagan’s role in the New Right movement? 23. What did Gerald Ford’s presidency do to the Republican party? 24. Describe Proposition 13 and its effects. 25. Who ran in the election of 1980? 26. Why did Ronald Reagan win the election and what did he promise the American people. 27. Describe the people that make up the Reagan Coalition. 28. What are neoconservatives and what were they trying to do? 29. Describe Ronald Reagan’s leadership style. 30. What is Reaganomics (supply side economics)? 31. What is deregulation? 32. How did Reagan’s policies help the economy recover in the 1980’s? 33. What kinds of programs had to be cut to decrease the national debt? 34. Describe SDI (Star Wars). What is it and what impact did it have? 35. Describe the Reagan Doctrine. 36. Describe the election of 1984. 37. Describe how the Soviet Union fell. 38. What did Mikhail Gorbachev have to do with the fall of the Soviet Union? 39. Describe the events at Tiananmen Square and their significance. 40. Describe Reagan and Gorbachev’s relationship. 41. Describe the S & L crisis of the 1980’s. 42. Describe the Iran-contra scandal. 43. Describe the tactics involved in the campaign for the presidency in 1988. 44. Why did the First Gulf War begin (Operation Desert Storm)? 45. What were the results of the Gulf War? 46. How was the election of 1992 different from previous elections? CHAPTER 34 47. Describe the achievements and failures of the Clinton administration 48. What was the “Contract with America?” 49. Describe the historical significance of the election of 2000. What role did Florida play? Who was Katherine Harris? What was the Supreme Court’s decision? 50. Discuss the policies associated with President George W. Bush. 51. What new business practices were used in the 1990’s to increase efficiency? 52. How did the “technology industries” affect the American economy? 53. Who was Alan Greenspan? 54. Describe the growth in the American economy in the last two decades of the 20th century. 55. Describe globalization and how it changed the economy. 56. What are the costs of globalization? 57. Explain breakthroughs in genetics. 58. Describe the graying of America 59. Describe the new immigration after 1965. 60. Analyze the economic progress for African Americans. 61. How did Rodney King and OJ Simpson affect race relations in America? 62. Scrutinize the differences between the pro-life and pro-choice movements. 63. Describe how environmental activism became more global between 1960 and 2000. 64. Describe the rise of foreign terrorism in the 1960’s, 1970’s, 1980’s and 1990’s. 65. Describe how the events of September 11th affected security measures in America. 66. What were the main goals of the War on Terrorism? 67. Who is Osama Bin Laden and what is Al Qaeda? 68. Why did the U.S. invade Iraq? 69. Why was the Iraq war a partially “unilateral” mission? What other nations helped?