Resources in the West Mining & Cattle Miners & Ranchers Mining Settlements • Treasure Seekers created Boom Towns • 49ers – CA; Comstock – NV • 3 Arizona cities exist because of population boom from mining towns – Tombstone – silver – Globe – silver & copper – Jerome - copper Challenges from Mining • “Cages” – elevators that rode down underground; had no walls – slight move and you could be pinned • Power drills – caused dust which produced lung problems • TNT – unexpected explosions also creating poisonous gas and fires • Hot underground air filled with toxic gases • Cave-ins and floods from underground springs The Cattle Kingdom http://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=V g5cwSBnyQU • Cattle came from Spain and was brought to CA & TX • these cattle mixed with English breeds to create Longhorns • Longhorns were tough and resilient to the cold and disease • Workers taking care of the cattle became known as “Cowboys” Ranching the Great Plains • Sheep (sheepherders), cattle • RR encourage settlement • Problems: – Native Americans – fighting for their home land – Farmers – sharing the land – Miners – blowing up the land & scaring the wild life Farming the Great Plains • Homestead Act – gave govt. owned land to small farmers; this led to tons of people migrating west http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxaJY8UZxn4 Farming the Great Plains •Challenge of farming on the Plains: •The environment – the freezing winters, scorching summers; blizzards, tornadoes, different land: couldn’t plant the same crops •Lumber shortage – few wood sources for home building or heating •Grasshoppers – ate crops, food, and clothes •Sod houses – made bc of good insulation & cheap but they disintegrated; wood framed homes prevailed SUMMARY • QUIZ TIME • 1. What are boomtowns? • 2. Name the genetically bred cow that was used in the Wild West as a tractor? • 3. Name the law that encouraged settlement in the west to dominate the land. • 4. Name one major challenge to farming on the Great Plains.