WWI & the U.S. Mobilizing for War The Draft – 3 million men & Selective Service Act (age restrictions) Black soldiers – segregated & filled noncombat roles Women – volunteer nurses, typists, & interpreters, or the Red Cross Liberty Bonds – loans to the govt. to help pay for the war Americans Arrive Russia leaves (Civil War breaking out at home; govt. overthrown by communists) Battles fought on fronts (ex. western & eastern) Germans losing too many men & supplies = defeat! Armistice – truce Germany becomes a republic Germany leaves all foreign occupied territories German war resources were destroyed (including U-boats) Outcomes of WWI War = 1914 - 1919 Casualties: Allies = 5.1 million Central = 3.5 million Americans = 116,000 Wounded = 20 million Civilians = thousands (unclear) Wilson’s 14 Points system to avoid future wars one point called for selfdetermination – the right of people to decide their own political status most important point called for League of Nations – an international congress of nations designed to settle disputes & protect democracy Treaty of Versailles The Big 4 decided (used 14 points as a guide): Germany would have to pay reparations – payments for damages during the war the Allies would gain control over parts of Germany League of Nations would control Central Powers’ land countries would practice self-determination U.S. Senate rejected the treaty because it would involve the U.S. in European affairs; the U.S. never joined the League of Nations This led to WWII SUMMARY QUIZ TIME http://www.history.com/shows/the-worldwars/videos/the-world-wars-a-risingthreat?m=5189717d404fa&s=All&f=1&free=false# 1. What are loans given to the government to fund the war called? 2. Why did Russia leave WWI? 3. What did President Wilson help create that was designed to help preserve international peace? 4. What is the practice of allowing nations to determine their own political status called? 5. What document, arrangement, forced Germany to pay reparations from WWI?