debts – money that is owed to someone else, including countries.
acts – laws create or passed by a government.
Taxation without representation – being taxed without having any power in one’s government
protest – to complain in public about something one feels is unfair.
10.2 The French and Indian War
Ohio Valley was fought over: French + Native Americans vs. British + colonists
British gained control over Quebec in Canada, French lost Canada (1760), wanted peace in 1762
Britain then won Ohio River valley
*End result, lots of land for British, but also lots of debt
Law stated that Native Americans could have land west of Appalachian Mountains and settlers could not go there.
Colonists detested this and largely ignored it.
Parliament – lawmaking part of British government, similar to our Congress
Post French and Indian War, British left soldiers to protect colonists.
Britain thought colonists should help pay.
Made them: provide quarter (living space), food, fuel, candles, transportation
Colonists were angry and treated soldiers badly.
Created to help pay debts
Colonists had to pay a tax on printed papers – marked with blue stamp (to prove tax was paid)
Newspapers, pamphlets, marriage licenses, playing cards
Colonists were furious!
Some refused to pay, used other items, made other items to circumvent the tax, harassed tax collectors, attacked them,
Tax was repealed in 1766 because it wasn’t working.
repeal – to take back, or to cancel, a law
1770 – colonists were getting angrier and angrier with the presence of British soldiers
Very tense atmosphere
A guard in front of the Customs House was verbally abused by colonists soldiers joined him, crowd got loud – unclear what really happened, but shots rang out
5 people dead, 6 wounded
British government had to collect more money, so they taxed imported tea.
Colonists were furious – a group went on the ship and dumped all the tea – and only the tea – into the ocean.
This made the King very, very angry.
In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed a few acts meant as punishment. One example was to close the Boston Harbor until the lost tea was paid for. Many people lost their jobs and some were afraid of starving to death.
The First Continental Congress was formed to discuss problems with Britain.