LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034 M.A. DEGREE EXAMINATION – ENGLISH LITERATURE THIRD SEMESTER – APRIL 2004 EL 3801/LE 924 – LINGUISTICS II Date : 17.04.04 Duration : 9 – 12 noon Max : 100 marks Hours : 3 hrs PART A I. Answer any TWO of the following: (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 01. Write short notes on the following. a) morphemes b) accent, c) phonology, d) syllable 02. How do sounds of speech and voice generate from our body? Explain with diagrams. 03. Explain the place and manner of articulation with the table and description. 04. What status does the English language enjoy in India? Analyse how and why. II. Answer the following (any one). (15 marks) 05. Mark the patterns of into nation in the following passage and justify your answer. Do not transcribe. A: How was the cassette and CD release functions? B: Great; why didn’t you come? A: I was held up by some commitments. B: ‘U’ know you missed the lovely speeches. A: Did I? How were they? B: Hilarious must be the word. A: How were the audience basically B: They were enjoying every bit of it. (OR) 06. A: Are you looking forward to the elections B: Yes, but? A: But what? B: People are gradually disillusioned A: May be because of the pit falls in the system. B: Is there a way out for India. A: Yes. By an optimistic revolution at all levels. B: You sound ideal, but if only it becomes real?! III. 07. Attempt a phonological analysis of the following poem commenting on the interplay of sound and sense, stress and rhythm and the use of alliteration assonance. (15 marks) Lead, kindly light amid the circling gloom, Lead Thou me on; The night is dark, and I am far from home Lead Thou me on Keep Thou my feet, I do not ask to see The distant seene, one step enough for me I was not ever thus nor prayed that Thou shouldn’t load me on; I loved to choose and see my path; but now Lead Thou me on I love the gainsh dary, and, spite of fears Provide ruled my will; remember not past years So long Thy power has me, sure it still will lead me on. -2- PART B IV. Write an essay on ONE of the following in about 400 words. (20 marks) 07. Explain any three Politeness Principles. 08. ‘Cohesion is a semantic unit of discourse’. Explain. V. Answer any Three of the following in about 150 words each. 09. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. (3 x 5 = 15) What is illocutionary force? Explain the transformational function of language. Explain ‘Current speaker selects the next’ in a discourse. Analyse Maxim of manner with illustration. Discuss any two aspects of speech act. Explain Tact Maxim. VI. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below: (3 x 5 = 15) She wore a dirty white sari with a red border. On one side of her nose glistened a diamond nose ring and she had several gold bangles on her arms. She had been talking to the bearer until Sir Mohan had summoned him inside. As soon as he had gone, she had hailed a passing railway coolie. “Where does the zenana stop?” “Right at the end of the platform.” The coolie flattened his turban to make a cushion, hoisted the steel trunk on his head, and moved down the platform. Lady Lal picked up her brass tiffin carrier and ambled along behind him. On the way she stopped a hawker’s stall to replenish her silver betel leaf cas, and then joined the coolie. She sat down on her steel trunk(which the coolie had put down) and started talking to him “Are there trains very crowded on these lines?” “These days all trains are crowded, but you’ll find room in the zenana”. “Then I might as well get over the bother of eating”. Lady Lal opened the brass carrier and took out a bundle of cramped chappatis and some mango pickle. While she ate, the coolie sat opposite her on his haunches, drawing lines in the gravel with his finger. “Are you travelling alone, sister?” “ No I am with my master, brother. He is in the waiting room. He travel in the first class” 15. Identify Exophoric and Endophoric references in the passage and explain how they help in achieving cohesion. 16. Explain the field, mode and tenor of the passage. 17. Cull out elements of Speech Act and explain their significance.