annotated bibliography HIST 254

Elizabeth Lowman
Feshbach, Murray and Alfred Friendly. Ecocide in the USSR : Health and Nature Under
Siege. New York: BasicBooks, 1992.
Russian scholar Murray Feshbach and journalist Alfred Friendly examine the treatment
of nature by the Soviet Union and the effects this treatment had on the environment and
public health. The authors also examine whether the Soviet Union’s impact on the
environment was an underlying cause to the state’s demise. The chapters “A Sea of
Troubles” and “Water Torture” examine the environmental and health effects of the
shrinkage of the Aral Sea.
Glantz, Michael H. Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in
the Aral Sea Basin. New York: Cambridge University, 1999.
Glantz, a respected Aral Sea specialist, discusses research on environmental changes,
human health, and changes in political ideology related to the environment. Glantz is the
only author to include a discussion on political ideology in response to the environment,
which would be an interesting perspective to include in the project.
Hooper, Kim. Myrto X. Petreas, Jianwen She, Pat Visita, Jennifer Winkler, Michael
McKinney, Mandy Mok, Fred Sy, Jarnail Garcha, Modan Gill, Robert D.
Stephens, Gulnara Semenova, Turgeledy Sharmanov and Tamara Chuvakova.
"Analysis of Breast Milk to Assess Exposure to Chlorinated Contaminants in
Kazakstan: PCBs and Organochlorine Pesticides in Southern Kazakstan."
Environmental Health Perspectives 105, no. 11 (November 1997): 1250-1254.
This article describes a study in which contaminants were found in the breast milk of the
women of Kazakhstan. It then goes on to analyze which regions the contaminants were
found, and the possible reasons for the contaminants. This article focuses on a specific
health issue, which is useful for the section of the project where the impact of the Aral
Sea on public health is discussed.
Kiessling, Kerstin Lindahl. "Conference on the Aral Sea: Women, Children, Health and
Environment." Ambio 27, no. 7 (November 1998): 560-564.
This article concentrates on the effects of pollution, especially on children and their
mothers. Kiessling then discusses how the role of women in Central Asia intersects with
poverty and poor health. Instead of just talking about the environment, the article
discusses social factors as well.
Kobori, Iwao. Central Eurasian Water Crisis: Caspian, Aral, and Dead Seas. Tokyo:
United Nations Press, 1998.
Martinus, Christopher. Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums : Economic and Ecological
Restructuring in Khorezm, Uzbekistan. New York: Springer, 2012.
Elizabeth Lowman
This scientific text analyzes environmental research in the Khorezm region of
Uzbekistan. The article discusses land and water usage, as well as possibly restructuring
Khorezm. This article deals directly with Uzbekistan, which provides a different
perspective than my sources dealing only with Kazakhstan.
Pala, Christopher. "Once a Terminal Case, the North Aral Sea Shows New Signs of
Life." Science 312, no. 5771 (April 14, 2006):
This is by far the most optimistic text I encountered. Pala discusses how repairs done by
the World Bank have increased the water level in certain parts of the Aral Sea. He is the
only author to have discussed improvements in the environment.
Small, Ian, J. van der Meer and R. E. G. Upshur. "Acting on an Environmental Health
Disaster: The Case of the Aral Sea." Environmental Health Perspectives 109, no.
6 (June 2001): 547-549. This article deals with the intersection of the environment and human health on different
levels. This connection is the main idea of my project, so this text should be very useful.
Wiggs, Giles F.S., Sarah L. O'hara, Johannah Wegerdt, Joost Van Der Meer, Ian Small
and Richard Hubbard. "The Dynamics and Characteristics of Aeolian Dust in
Dryland Central Asia: Possible Impacts on Human Exposure and Respiratory
Health in the Aral Sea Basin." The Geographical Journal 169, no. 2 (June 2003):
This article examines whether or not the Aral Sea is the source of recent dust storms
sweeping Central Asia. It goes on to explain the effect of the dust storms on respiratory
health. This article offers new topics to the environmental and public health issues that I
am exploring.
Zonn, I.S. The Aral Sea Encyclopedia. London: Springer, 2009.
This book offers a chronology of events, list of terms, and photographs of the Aral Sea.
This is a good reference text for any terms or dates of which I may be unsure.