Try to describe all the things this comic is trying to explain. Aim: How is climate affected? Topic: Water Cycle and Climate ( Unit 7) Main Idea: Factors Affecting Climate 1) How is climate different from weather? Climate is the long term condition of an area while weather changes quickly. 2) Factors Affecting Climate Latitude Altitude Large bodies of water Mountain ranges Ocean Currents/Prevailing Winds El Niño/La Niña As latitude increases, the temperature decreases. Latitude As Altitude altitude increases, climate temperature decreases. What temperature differences do you notice about these locations? Large Bodies of Water Since water takes a long time to heat up and cool off (high specific heat) we have cool summers and warm winters. Mountain Ranges Orographic effect: mountains make rain shadows so one side becomes a desert. Ocean Currents/Prevailing Winds Warm currents bring warm air and cool currents bring cool air. El Niño Warmer than normal surface ocean water off the west coast of S. America. Every 3-7 years Wet winters, droughts, flooding, and heat waves Summary: 1) 2) Name three currents found at 50 N latitude: Why is Long Island a better place to live than Missouri? If you live inland, surrounded by land, what will your summers and winters be like? Why? Land has a low specific heat so it heats up and cools off fast, so there are warm summers and cold winters.