Mrs. Caporale
Art 8
Final Exam Review Sheet
-Advance: To move forward or appear to move forward (warm colors)
-Background: The back of a work of art. Shapes get smaller & colors get darker
-Balance: Principle of Design that deals with arranging visual elements in a work of art equally
-Bird’s Eye View: In 1-Pt perspective, when you appear to be looking down at objects; above the horizon line
-Blend: Technique of shading through smooth, gradual application of different values
-Color: Element of Art derived from reflected light (ROYGBIV)
-Color Wheel: A tool used by artists to show color relationships. It contains 3 primary colors (Red, Yellow, Blue), 3 secondary
colors (Orange, Green, Violet) and 6 tertiary colors (R-O, Y-O, Y-G, B-G, B-V, R-V)
-Complementary Colors: Opposite colors on the color wheel. When combined, they make BROWN. (Ex. Red and green, yellow
and violet)
-Composition: Arrangement of elements in a work of art
-Contrast: Principle of Design that refers to different elements that add excitement and
rest to artworks; B&W and complementary colors have high contrast
-Converge: In 1-Pt Perspective, where all of the shapes & lines appear to meet
-Cool colors: Green, blue, violet- from things in nature that are cool- lakes, trees- they appear to recede from the viewer
-Cross-Hatching: A shading technique in which you draw lines that cross over each other
-Depth: When shapes/objects are drawn to look 3-D
-Elements of Art: The building blocks of art. They are: line, shape, color, space, form, value, texture
-Emphasis: The area of focus in a work of art; stands out
-Foreground: The front area of a picture. Objects appear bigger and colors appear lighter.
-Form: Element of Art that is 3-D and encloses space. It has length, width and DEPTH (circle with depth is a sphere, square
with depth is a cube)
-Geometric Shape: A mathematical shape (circle, square, triangle)
-Gradation: A gradual change from light to dark value in a work of art
-Hatching: A shading technique in which you shade with many small lines
-High Value: When something is light (A highlight)
-Horizon: In 1-Pt Perspective, where the sky & land appear to meet. It is not physically real
-Horizontal: A line which runs left & right; the direction of the horizon
-Hue: Name of a color (red)
-Kinetic: Art which has movement; can move (mobile)
-Line: Element of art that is a continuous mark on a surface. (straight, wavy, vertical, dotted, etc)
- Low Value: When something is dark
-Middle ground: The middle of a work of art
-Monochromatic Colors: Shades and tints of a color (pink, red, maroon)
-Negative Space: The space around an object
-Neutral Colors: Not on the color wheel- black, white, grey, brown, tan, beige
-One-Point Perspective: Shows Depth and space; objects look 3-D; everything goes to Vanishing Point
-Organic Shapes: Shapes from nature; ex. leaf, tree, flower
-Orthogonal Lines: In 1- Pt Perspective, Diagonal lines which go to the Vanishing Point
-Overlapping: When one object is in front of another
-Parallel: When 2 lines run side- by- side, they never meet
-Positive space: The space an image occupies in a picture; the subject of a picture
-Primary Colors: Colors that cannot be made by mixing together other colors. They are used to make other colors. They are
Red, yellow, blue
-Recede: To fade or appear to move into the background. Cool colors appear to recede, objects look smaller as they recede
-Rhythm: Repeating Elements to create the illusion of movement in a work of art
-Secondary Colors: Combining 2 primary colors. They are orange, green, and violet.
(Red + yellow=orange, yellow+blue=green, red+blue=violet)
-Shade: Dark value of a color- made by adding black to a color. When shading colors, shades and tones are made
-Shape: Element of art- is 2-D and flat- Has only length and width. The 4 types of shapes are geometric, free- form, silhouette,
-Space: Element of Art referring to the emptiness or areas between, around, above or below objects
-Tertiary Colors: Made by combining primary and secondary colors- Primary color goes first in the name. They are: red-orange,
yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet
-Texture: Element of art- refers to how things feel or look
-3-D: Making flat objects look like they are coming out, and have depth, Objects look 3-D in Pt Perspective
- Tint: Light value of a hue- made by mixing white with a color
-Unity: When the elements of art appear to belong and work together
-Value: Element of art that deals with lightness and darkness. High=light, low=dark
-Vanishing Point: Where all of the objects in 1-Pt Perspective converge and disappear to, on the Horizon Line.
-Vertical Lines: Lines that go up and down
-Visual Movement: When the elements of art lead your eye in a certain direction; when a work of art appears to move.
- Warm Colors: Red, Orange, yellow- From things in nature that are warm (fire, sun) – They advance towards the viewer
-Worm’s Eye View: In 1-Pt perspective, when you appear to be looking up at objects; below the horizon line