US HISTORY REVIEW-TEST #3- Test on Wednesday, November 4th 1. Political Parties- Conflicts between Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians led directly to the formation of the first political parties. 2. 2 Precedents set by Washington- foreign policy of neutrality and presidential advisors (cabinet) 3. Embargo Act of 1807- passed to avoid conflict with European nations. 4. Judicial Review- The Supreme Court can declare a law constitutional or unconstitutional. 5. Louisiana Purchase- added the Great Plains, gave the US control of the port of New Orleans and the Mississippi River. 6. Missouri Compromise 1820- was passed to maintain an equal number of free and slave states. 7. George Washington Farewell Address- practice Neutrality toward international conflicts. (The US was able to stay neutral because it is geographically isolated from Europe.) 8. Monroe Doctrine- prevent European colonization in the Caribbean Region. 9. Electoral College- allows the President to be elected without majority of popular vote. 10. Alexander Hamilton- Secretary of Treasury, devised a plan to pay off the nation's debt, created a national bank, excise tax on whiskey. 11. Loose Interpretation of Constitution–Thomas Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana Territory and Alexander Hamilton's National Bank required a loose interpretation of the Constitution. 12. Marshall Court- Strengthened the Power of the Federal Government at the expense of the states. 13. Marbury vs. Madison- Gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review.