US HISTORY REVIEW-TEST #3- Test on Wednesday, November 4th
1. Political Parties- Conflicts between Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians led directly to the
formation of the first political parties.
2. 2 Precedents set by Washington- foreign policy of neutrality and presidential advisors
3. Embargo Act of 1807- passed to avoid conflict with European nations.
4. Judicial Review- The Supreme Court can declare a law constitutional or unconstitutional.
5. Louisiana Purchase- added the Great Plains, gave the US control of the port of New Orleans
and the Mississippi River.
6. Missouri Compromise 1820- was passed to maintain an equal number of free and slave states.
7. George Washington Farewell Address- practice Neutrality toward international conflicts.
(The US was able to stay neutral because it is geographically isolated from Europe.)
8. Monroe Doctrine- prevent European colonization in the Caribbean Region.
9. Electoral College- allows the President to be elected without majority of popular vote.
10. Alexander Hamilton- Secretary of Treasury, devised a plan to pay off the nation's debt,
created a national bank, excise tax on whiskey.
11. Loose Interpretation of Constitution–Thomas Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana Territory
and Alexander Hamilton's National Bank required a loose interpretation of the Constitution.
12. Marshall Court- Strengthened the Power of the Federal Government at the expense of the
13. Marbury vs. Madison- Gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review.
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