Centre for Civic Engagement and Community Service مركز االلتزام المدني وخدمة المجتمع SOAN 290/ PPIA 310R Seminar in Relief, Reconstruction, and Recovery For Graduate and Undergraduate Students 3 credits Winter, 2015 4 -22 January 2016 Instructors: Karl A. Ammann Fateh Azzam Munira Khayat Sari Hanafi (Coordinator) Rabih Shibli I. Overview This course is guided by the foundational 3Rs of humanitarian and development work: Relief, Reconstruction, and Recovery. Through lectures and engaged discussion, 3Rs participants will have the unique opportunity to learn how to bridge theory and practice to effectively address some of the most pressing humanitarian needs of the century. Participants will be challenged to consider more progressive approaches to aid delivery and to learn more efficient and effective ways to design relief projects that lead to greater impact, sustainable growth and future lasting stability. The 3Rs course is organized into three modules. Each module has been deigned to provide students with the theoretical, contextual and practical background for each of the 3Rs and to demonstrate how these processes overlap and interact. Sessions will consist of a series of interactive lectures delivered by a select team of AUB faculty, associated academics and a leading expert who have extensive theoretical and/or practical knowledge within the field of policy, relief and development. Students will be expected to engage actively with the material and reflect on the challenges and opportunities presented in each case. Every module includes equivalent of 8 sessions, each lasting for an hour and a half, a total of 36 hours for the entire course. The course will take place over a three-week period from January the 4th to the 22ned. In the first two weeks, students will attend classes and the last week they will write and submit a research paper/project. II. Assessment 1. 30 % Class Attendance, class presentation and participation 3. 70 % Research paper/project (Due January 28, 2016) III. Course Modules Session 0: Introduction to course (all instructors will be there) Date and Time: 4 Jan. 9- 10 AM III.a. Module One: Relief The first module begins with a broad overview of the 3Rs framework, introducing students to the basic concepts and terminologies used within the discourse of relief, reconstruction and recovery and how these processes overlap and build upon each other. Through class lectures and case studies, students gain a theoretical understanding of relief and humanitarian aid at the international, national and local level. Among other topics, this module also covers the historical development of relief provision, the main actors and key stakeholders engaged in relief efforts, how partnerships are formed, negotiated and maintained, the ways in which relief is prioritized, organized and distributed. The protection of refugees and particularly vulnerable sectors such as refugee women and children, in the conduct of relief efforts, and other major challenges faced during relief initiatives, will be thoroughly addressed. Readings: The main mandatory reading text for the Relief Module will be the Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011. The entire book can be downloaded from this website: http://www.sphereproject.org/resources/downloadpublications/?search=1&keywords=&language=English&category=22. This website will not be repeated when listing the readings. For Optional Readings, there is the frequent mention “References and further reading”. That is an invitation to those who have the time and willingness to read the sources mentioned. Structure Lecturer: Karl A. Ammann Session 1: International Humanitarian Law and Principles for NGOs derived from International Humanitarian Law Date and Time: Monday 4 Jan. 10:15 to 12:15 AM Overview: International Humanitarian Law (IHL) as we know it today was developed under the impression of the terrible suffering of the civilian population during World War II, which cost over 50 million civilian lives and an even greater number of wounded. IHL is concerned with the protection and rights of civilians or non-combatants during war and with the conduct of hostilities in armed conflict. IHL is codified in the four Geneva Conventions of 1949. Later, it was complemented by International Human Rights Law (IHRL) which sets standards that governments must abide by in their treatment of persons both in peacetime and war. Finally, International Refugee Law (IRL), which focuses specifically on protecting persons who have fled their country due to persecution or other serious violations of human rights or armed conflict, was added 1967 and subsequently in 1998 the rights of persons affected by natural or man-made disasters, In the 1960’s international travel and communication rapidly evolved and numerous nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) or voluntary agencies who addressed humanitarian needs, sprung up. A number had already been founded or adapted themselves to meet the needs of the war affected in the 1940’s. Much uncoordinated and badly prepared humanitarian actions especially during the Rwandan genocide in 1994 led many within the humanitarian NGO community to identify a need for common principles and standards. These were codified 1994 in the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRC) with the cooperation of seven humanitarian networks and NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief. Subsequently, numerous humanitarian NGOs and networks launched in 1997 the Sphere Project, where the focus was on the right to life in dignity by those affected by a disaster. This was set down in the Sphere Humanitarian Charter in the first edition of the Sphere Handbook in 2000. The Charter is followed by core standards on how to do humanitarian work and minimum standards for four technical sectors: Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion, Food security and Nutrition, Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food Items, and Health action. The Sphere Project is first and foremost a philosophy or an attitude about how humanitarian work is to be conducted. This is set down in Core Standards that focus on people-centered humanitarian response, coordination and collaboration, assessment, design and response, performance, transparency and learning and aid worker performance. In this session, we will also look at the Core Standards. Mandatory reading: o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Annex 1, Key Documents that inform the Humanitarian Charter”, pp 356-366. o Idem, “Annex 2, The Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief”, pp 368-372. o Idem, “The Humanitarian Charter”, pp 20-23. o Idem,”The Core Standards”, pp 49-73. Class Format: Lecture, power point and Q&A. Session 2: Selected International Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response (Sphere) Part One Date and Time: Tue. 5 Jan. 10 to 12 AM Overview: the Sphere Project is first and foremost a philosophy or an attitude about how humanitarian work is to be conducted. This is set down in Core Standards that focus on people-centered humanitarian response, coordination and collaboration, assessment, design and response, performance, transparency and learning and aid worker performance. After laying down the principles of humanitarian work, the Sphere Project offers minimum standards in four fields of action which are necessary to achieve a life in dignity in a humanitarian emergency. The fields of action are 1) water supply, sanitation, hygiene promotion (WASH), 2) food security and nutrition, 3) shelter and non-food and 4) health action. This session focuses on the first two. Mandatory reading: o o o o o o o o o o o o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, How to use this chapter, pp 80-81. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Introduction, pp 82-87. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, 1. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH), pp 88-90. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, 2. Hygiene promotion, pp 91-96. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, 3. Water supply, pp 97-104. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Appendix 1 Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion initial needs assessment checklist, 1 General, pp 124. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Appendix 2 Minimum water quantities for institutions and other uses, p 129, Appendix 3 Minimum number of toilets at public places and institutions in disaster situations, p 130, Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food Items, How to use this chapter”, p 240. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food Items, Introduction”, pp 242248. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food Items, 1. Shelter and settlement”, pp 249-267. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food Items, 2. Non-food items: clothing, bedding and household items”, pp 268-277. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food Items, Appendix 1 Shelter, settlement and non-food items assessment checklists”, pp 278-283. Optional Reading: o o o o o o o o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humani-tarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011. www.sphereproject.org, References and further reading”, pp 74-78 Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, 4. Excreta disposal, pp 105-110; 5. Vector control, pp 111-116; 6. Solild waste management, pp 117-120; 7. Drainage, pp 121-123. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Appendix 1 Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion initial needs assess-ment checklist, pp 125-128. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Appendix 4 Water- and excreta-related diseases and transmission mechanisms, p131. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Appendix 5 Minimum hygiene, sanitation and isolation activities for cholera treat-ment centres (CTCs), p132. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, Appendix 6Household water treatment and storage decision tree, p133. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion”, References and further reading, pp134-137. Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humani-tarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011. www.sphereproject.org, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, References and further reading, pp 231-238. Class Format: Lecture, power point and Q&A. Session 3: Selected International Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response (Sphere) Part Two Date and Time: Thu. 7 Jan. 10 to 12 AM Overview: This session looks at the minimum standards in Food Security and Nutrition: what are the minimum food requirements, access to food, how to calculate rations and organize and assure security for distributions, cash or vouchers vs. food distribution. Mandatory reading: o o o o o o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, How to use this chapter, pp 140-141. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, Introduction, pp 143-149. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, 1. Food security and nutrition assessment, pp 150-157. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, 4. Food security, pp 175-203. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, Appendix 1 Food security and livelihoods assessment checklists, pp 214-215. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition”, Appendix 6 Nutritional requirements, pp 227-230. Optional Reading: o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition, References and further reading”, pp 231-238. Class Format: Lecture, power point and Q&A. Session 4: Selected International Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response (Sphere) Part Three Date and Time: Fri. 8 Jan. 10 to 12 AM Overview: This session continues to look at the minimum standards in Health Action and in crosscutting themes like protection and the inclusion of persons with disabilities in humanitarian response and disaster risk reduction.This session will also prepare field visits where the students can compare the real life situation of refugees and the minimum standards Mandatory reading: o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Minimum Standards in Health Action, How to use this chapter”, p 288 Idem, “Minimum Standards in Health Action”, Introduction, pp 290-295. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Health Action”, 1. Health systems, pp 296-308. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Health Action”, Appendix 1 Health assessment checklists, pp 338-340. Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Protection Principles, How to use this chapter”, p 26. Idem, “Protection Principles”, Introduction, pp 28-32. Idem, “Protection Principles”, Protection Principles, pp 33-43. Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Outline of the cross-cutting themes”, pp 16-17. United Nations, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol, 2008, http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf, Preamble, Article 1 o o o o o o o o Purpose, Article 2 Definitions, Article 3 General principles, Article 4 General obligations, Article 5 Equality and non-discrimination, Article 10 Right to life, Article 11 Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies, Article 19 Living independently and being included in the community, Article 32 International cooperation. Optional reading: o o o o o o Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Minimum Standards in Health Action, 2. Essential health services, pp 309-337. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Health Action, Appendix 3 Formulas for calculating key health indicators”, pp 346-347. Idem, “Minimum Standards in Health Action, References and further reading”, pp348-354. Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Protection Principles, References and further reading”, pp 44-47 Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011, “Outline of the cross-cutting themes”, pp 1417. United Nations, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol, 2008, http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf, All articles. Class Format: Lecture, power point and Q&A. Session 5 - Coordination of Humanitarian Response Date and Time: Sat. 9 Jan. 10 to 12 AM Overview: Humanitarian response involves man actors between governments, United Nations Agencies, other international bodies, and non-governmental organizations both of the country concerned and from other countries,, and international NGO networks. The challenge is to coordinate all these actors to avoid doubling of efforts, sharing information and cooperating rather than competing. There is international coordination under the mandate of the United Nations (UNOCHA/UNHCR). We look at the mechanisms and how they work in Lebanon. We also look at National Coordination through the Lebanese High Relief Commission. Who are the major Lebanese humanitarian organizations and what are their coordination mechanisms? Who are the major international humanitarian NGOs in Lebanon? How do they coordinate and how do they relate to Lebanese NGOs? We will also prepare participation in some of these coordination meetings. This session will also prepare field visits where the students will attend coordination meetings under the auspices of UNHCR. Mandatory reading: o UNHCR, UNHCR Refugee Coordination Model: Adaptation of UNHCR’s refugee coordination in the context of the Transformative Agenda, Geneva 2013, http://www.unhcr.org/53679e2c9.pdf o UNHCR, Generic Refugee Coordination Structure: National/Sub-National Levels, http://www.coordinationtoolkit.org/wp-content/uploads/Coord-Org-Chart_ForToolkit.pdf o UNHCR, Refugee Response Coordination: Frequently Asked Questions, http://www.unhcr.org/54f6cb129.html. o Lebanon Humanitarian INGO Forum, http://lhif.org/aboutus.aspx, http://lhif.org/members.aspx. http://lhif.org/lhif.aspx, o Lebanese NGO Forum(LNF), http://www.lnf.org.lb/, o o Arab NGO Network for Development, http://www.annd.org/english/index.php, Lebanese Development Network, http://www.ldn-lb.org/default.aspx Optional reading: o UNHCR, Joint letter UNHCR-OCHA on Transformative Agenda, Geneva 2014, http://www.unhcr.org/53679e679.html. o Paul W. T. Kingston, Reproducing Sectarianism: Advocacy Networks and the Politics of Civil Society in Postwar Lebanon, State University of New York Press, Albany, 2013 Class Format: Lecture, power point and Q&A. III.b. Module Two: Reconstruction Combining the interdisciplinary strengths of anthropology and architecture and drawing on handson experiences of reconstruction, the second module starts with a focus on the political, cultural and social complexities of reconstruction during and after crises. This session also considers institutional mechanisms, key guidelines, policies, and strategies and technical tools that are essential to the reconstruction process. Discussions will be theoretically informed as well as grounded in case studies from international and local settings, providing students with real-world examples of reconstruction approaches implemented in other crises as well as challenges faced in various settings. Structure Lecturer: Rabih Shibli Session 1a: In the Turmoil of Chaos: Beit Bil Jnoub: A Grass Roots Approach towards a Rational Reconstruction Process Overview: In the aftermath of the July 2006 War, a team of AUB faculty members initiated the Reconstruction Unit (RU) with an objective to participate in the reconstruction and planning efforts in Dayhe’ (Beirut’s Southern Suburb) and in the South of Lebanon. The overarching aim of the RU was to develop a larger framework and comprehensive vision that would integrate physical reconstruction with social and economic revitalization through a participatory, community-based effort. Emanating from this conceptual framework, the organization Beit Bil Jnoub (Arabic for House in South) was founded with a focus on rebuilding destroyed houses in Southern Lebanon. This session will present the process of developing Beit Bil Jnoub, from soliciting volunteers, to developing a well-structured organization, to running operations in 21 villages. The case study will also highlight the challenges faced in negotiating reconstruction plans with political and community stakeholders as well as with affected household heads. Mandatory reading: o Chapter 8 “In the Turmoil of Chaos: Beit Bil Jnoub: A Grass Roots Approach towards a Rational Reconstruction Process”, from the Book titled “Lessons in Post War Reconstruction: Case Studies from Lebanon in the Aftermath of the 2006 War”. Edited by Howayda Al-Harithy; Routledge 2010. Class Format: power point presentation followed by Q&As. Session 2a: Community Based Design as Mediator Between Academia and Practice: Souq Sabra Overview: This session focuses on the methodological approach of bridging the divide between theory and practice in order to engage university students in meaningful Community Based Projects. The session introduces the academic and administrative position of the university (AUB/CCECS) in terms of its ideological and operational framework and the respective roles of key stakeholders—the university, the community, and the donor/partner agencies—in articulating and implementing community-based projects. Through the description of the Souq Sabra study, the lecture seeks to demonstrate how learning and service were integrated into a community project, leading to a sustainable initiative that impacted positively on the local community. More specifically, this case study demonstrates how the students navigated a challenging opportunity to engage in participative design, and consequently, to develop a plan of action that led to implementation. Generalizing from this case study, the conclusion outlines the impact of Community Based Learning (CBL) as a pedagogical framework for addressing the pressing concerns of underdeveloped areas in Lebanon and the Arab region. Mandatory reading: o Chapter 10 “Community Based Design as Mediator Between Academia and Practice: the Case of Souq Sabra - Beirut”, from the Book titled “Urban Design in The Arab World: Reconceptualising Boundaries”. Edited by Robert Saliba; Ashgate 2015. Class Format: power point presentation followed by Q&As. Session 3a: Ghata: Bringing Education to Syrian Refugees in Informal Tented Settlements Overview: In August 2013 CCECS designed and implemented the Ghata, meaning “cover” in English, as a temporary shelter for Syrian refugees living in Informal Tented Settlements (ITSs) or other precarious conditions throughout Lebanon. The Ghata was developed primarily to serve as an educational facility as well as a multifunctional community space for refugees. The significance of the Ghata project is twofold. First is the idea and the product, its simplicity, scalability and multifunctionality, the inexpensive material and straightforward construction that allows for the unit to be assembled and dismantled in record time by the refugees themselves. The second significant aspect of the project lies in how the project evolved. This session will discuss the technical aspects of the Ghata as well as the process of scaling up an idea into a major construction project. In addition, the Ghata project will serve as a case study to discuss the political and structural challenges involved in providing proper relief delivery in Lebanon. Mandatory reading: o Policy paper titled “Reconfiguring Relief Mechanisms: The Syrian Refugee Crisis in Lebanon”. Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy, AUB 2014. Class Format: power point presentation followed by Q&As. Lecturer: Munira Khayyat Session 1b: Where is the Re in Reconstruction? Overview: This session explores the concept of reconstruction and unpacks both its understandings and implications. What do we mean when we call the construction that takes place in the wake of war or disaster re-construction? This session will explore the tension between the expectations and the realities that such a framing entails. Drawing on theoretical and anthropological literature as well as field experience the class will be held as a lecture/discussion format around several key readings. Mandatory reading: TBD Class format: TBD Session 2b: Reconstruction: space and place Overview: This session looks at the “tangibles” in reconstruction: the spaces and places that are being reconstructed. Space and place are by no means neutral entities or simple objects that are “out there:” they are complex and interconnected social and political as well as economic processes through and through that literally take shape in time. How is place made – and re-made? How do we conceptualize and critique space? These are some of the questions that will be tackled in this session that will be built around several key readings. Mandatory reading: TBD Class format: TBD Session 3b: Reconstruction: rebuilding community? Overview: This session looks at the less tangibles processes that take place during reconstruction. Reconstruction projects often assume a homogeneous community that seeks to reconstitute its life-world in the wake of disruptive events; the realities are often far from this and involve struggles over ideas of re-construction. Who is “the community” in whose name reconstruction is taking place? This session will take an in-depth look at contested reconstruction processes. Students will be asked to explore case studies in depth and identify the actors and forces driving reconstruction processes. Mandatory reading: TBD Class format: TBD III.c. Module Three: Recovery The third module addresses the transition from providing temporary relief during crisis to supporting long-term recovery and to introduce human rights-based approach to 3 R. Essential to this conversation are the different mechanisms that facilitate recovery including (re) building community-level institutions and systems, the provision of basic services such as health, education and psycho-social support and addressing issues of (re) integration, community development and tolerance building. This recovery module will inspire by transitional justice mechanisms but not only. Thus, we will focus on prosecuting Past Abusers of Human Rights, truth-seeking and truth recovery models, memory and Memorialization, Reparations, and finally vetting and Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration (DDR). All these mechanism are very salient for the reconciliation. Structure Lecturer: Fateh Azzam Session 1: Introduction to human rights-based approach (HRBA) to recovery Date and Time: Monday 11 Jan. 10- 11:30 AM Overview: This session will provide a general introduction to the concept and system of human rights. It will review human rights standards and instruments and focus on the significance and impact of each. It will cover the basic elements of the human rights-based approach and delve into the applicability of this work. Students will be asked to engage in discussion on a continual basis Mandatory reading: o The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights o The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Political Rights o Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women Convention on the Rights of the Child (Treaties available at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CoreInstruments.aspx) o Final research-based report of the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee on best practices and main challenges in the promotion and protection of human rights in post-disaster and post-conflict situations; A/HRC/28/76; Link to report available at http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/AdvisoryCommittee/Pages/HRpostdisaste randpostconflictsituations.aspx o Circle of Rights; Economic, Social & Cultural Rights Activism: A Training Resource; Institute of Internaitonal Education; International Human Rights Internship Program. (The following modules are required examples. Access discussions of other rights by clicking on “Contents of Section 5” heading each page) Class format: Lecture and Q&A. Lecturer: Fateh Azzam Session 2: The rights of refugees and internally displaced persons Date and Time: Monday 11 Jan. 11:45 AM - 1:15 PM Overview: This session will an introduction to International Refugee Law. It will discuss the manner of refugee return in a safe and dignified manner. It will review state human rights responsibilities for citizens and non-citizens and the special case of internally displaced persons. Students will also learn the levels of rights for refugees and IDPs. Mandatory reading: o The 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees; available at http://www.unhcr.org/3b66c2aa10.html o Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, The Rights of Non-citizens (United Nations, 2006), available at http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/noncitizensen.pdf o Megan Bradley, Return in Dignity: A Neglected Protection Challenge; RSC Working Paper No. 40, Oxford University Refugee Studies Centre, June 2007. Available at http://www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/files/publications/working-paper-series/wp40-return-indignity-2007.pdf o Center on Housing Rights and Evictions, the Pinheiro Principles: United Nations Principles on Housing and Property Restitution for Refugees and Displaced Persons; Available at http://2001-2009.state.gov/documents/organization/99774.pdf o International Committee of the Red Cross, Advisory Service, Internally Displaced Persons and International Humanitarian Law; available at: https://www.icrc.org/en/download/file/1057/internally-displaced-persons-icrceng.pdf Class format: Lecture and Q&A. Lecturer: Sari Hanafi Session 3: Prosecuting Past Abusers of Human Rights Date and Time: Tue. 12 Jan. 10- 11:30 AM Overview: Legal accountability for past abuse: prosecutions, trials, and civil action in courts Mandatory Readings: o Nino, Carlos Santiago (1996) Radical evil on trial, Chapter 1 o UN OHCHR (2009) Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States. Amnesties. (46 p.) o Oomen Barbara (2007) “Rwanda’s Gacaca: Objectives, Merits and Their Relation to Supranational Criminal Law”. Unpublished paper. In Moodle also Class format: Student presentation and Q&A. Session 4: Truth-seeking and recovery models Date and Time: Tue. 12 Jan. 11:45- 1:15 AM Overview: Understanding different models, truth commissions/TRCs, commissions of inquiry, fact-finding missions. Mandatory Readings: o Hayner, Priscilla. “Why a Truth Commission?” Ch. 3-4 in Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocity. New York and London: Routledge, 2001. o Brahm Eric (2007) Uncovering the Truth: Examining Truth Commission Success and Impact. International Studies Perspectives 8, pp. 16–35. o Human Rights Council (2011) Preliminary report of the High Commissioner on the situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic. o ICTJ (2007) “About Morocco: summaries of the IER’s report and findings” Class format: Student presentation and Q&A Lecturer: Sari Hanafi Session 5 : Memory and Memorialization Date and Time: Wed. 13 Jan. 10- 11:30 AM Overview: Presentation of Memory at Work of UMAM (www.memoryatwork.org) a Guide for Lebanese on Peace and War Mandatory Readings: o UMAM, Memory at Work: A Guide for Lebanese on Peace and War: introduction (6 pages) o Hanafi, Sari. “Haifa and its Refugees: The *Remembered, the Forgotten and the Repressed”. Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies, 3(1): 176-191 o Hanssen, J. & D.Genberg, (2003) “Beirut in memoriam: a kaleidoscopic space out of focus”. A. Pflitsch & A. Neuwirth (ed.) Crisis and memory in Islamic societies: proceedings of the Third Summer Academy of the Working Group Modernity and Islam: (Orient Institute). Class format: Student presentation and Q&A Lecturer: Sari Hanafi Session 6: Reparations Date and Time: Wed. 13 Jan. 11:45 AM- 1:15 PM Overview: we will look to all mechanism of reparation for victims Mandatory Readings: o International Center for Transitional Justice. "Reparations in Theory and Practice." Lisa Magarrell. 2007 o Elazar Barkan, “Toward the Theory of Restitution,” in: The Guilt of Nations (2000) o KENYA “To Live as Other Kenyans Do”: A Study of the Reparative Demands of Kenyan Victims of Human Rights Violations Simon Robins Class format: Student presentation and Q&A Lecturer: Sari Hanafi Session 7: Vetting, and Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration (DDR) Date and Time: Thu. 14 Jan. 10- 11:30 AM Overview: No recovery without a real institutional reform and initiate appropriate mechanisms for Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration Mandatory Readings: o Mayer-Rieckh Alexander and Pablo de Greiff (2007) Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public employees in Transitional societies. Introduction: pp. 17-38. o UN OHCHR (2006) Rule-of-Law Tools For Post-conflict States. Vetting: an operational framework. pp. 1-42. o Escola de Cultura de Pau and Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional. Analysis of the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintergration (DDR) Programs Existing in the World During 2006. Report prepared by Albert Caramés, Vicenç Fisas and Eneko Sanz. Class format: Student presentation and Q&A Lecturer: Sari Hanafi Session 8: Reconciliation Date and Time: Thu. 14 Jan. 11:45- 1:15 Overview: what are the roads to Reconciliation? Can recovery be done without reconciliation? Mandatory Readings: o Gloppen, Siri “Introduction” and “Road to Reconciliation: A Conceptual Framework” (2005) in Skaar, Elin, Siri Gloppen and Astri Suhrke, eds. Roads to Reconciliation o Pablo de Greiff “The Role of Apologies in National Reconciliation Processes: On Making Trustworthy Institutions Trusted”, ICTJ. o Nadim N. Rouhana ‘Reconciling History and Equal Citizenship in Israel: Democracy and the Politics of Historical Denial’ in Will Kymlicka and Bashir Bashir. (Eds.). The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008) Class format: Student presentation and Q&A End of Course Project As a final project, students will be expected to participate in fieldwork exploring topics such as the Sphere Minimum Standards, interagency coordination mechanisms, and the relief architecture. We will facilitate your access to international and local NGOs, once you feel needed. We expect you to spend the third week of the Winter session in the and then the fourth week can be used for writing the paper. Fieldwork includes, and not limited to, site visits, NGOs shadowing, attending Sector Coordination Meetings, conducting interviews, and mapping daily practices of refugees, host communities, and relief workers. Up to three students are allowed to form a team, conduct filed work and write a joint report. To summarize The course will extend over a period of 4 weeks, beginning 4 January and ending 30 January 2016. The first two week, 4-15 January, will be devoted to the course. The third week, 18-23 January, will be reserved for field work. The fourth week, 25-30 January, is time for the students to do their writing. The course will be introduced in a 0 session of one hours on Monday, 4 January, at 9 am. The Relief part will be a total of 5 sessions, scheduled every day from 10-12 from Monday, 4 January to Saturday, 9 January (except for Wednesday, 6 January, which is a holiday). The Reconstruction part will be a total of 6 sessions, scheduled every day from 12:15 to 2:15 from Monday, 4 January to Monday, 11 January (except for Wednesday, 6 January, which is a holiday and Sunday). The Recovery part will be a total of 8 sessions scheduled as two sessions in every day from 10:00 to 11:30 and from 11:45 to 1:15 from Monday, 11 January to Thursday 15 January It will be a secretarial support to assist students to find national and international NGOs for field visits. The students will be able to obtain a copy of the Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, by the Sphere Project, Geneva 2011? The whole book can be downloaded from the Sphere website, http://www.sphereproject.org/resources/downloadpublications/?search=1&keywords=&language=English&category=22, but it is better to have a real book in your hands. All other readings are in Moodle and accessible to students IV. BIOs Relief Module Karl A. Ammann, born in 1942, grew up in Germany, USA, Italy and Lebanon. He studied at AUB where he got a BA in Political Science (1964) and an MA in Middle East Area Studies (1968). In 1974, he left the academic world for the humanitarian, when he joined Caritas Germany as humanitarian officer. In that function, he came to Lebanon during the civil war from 1975-91 to support and monitor the relief action of Caritas Lebanon 2-3 times every year. Within the international Caritas Network, he was chosen several times to head Emergency Response Support Teams or follow-up Action to these (Ethiopia war & famine 1984-1990, Iraq war 1991-3, Eritrea war 2000, Afghanistan war 2000-1, Iraq war 2003-4, India tsunami 2004-5, Pakistan earthquake 2005, Lebanon war 2006). In 1989 he represented German humanitarian NGOs in the Emergency Aid Working Group of the NGO Liaison Committee dealing with the European Union and in 1991 became chairperson of that working group representing all European humanitarian NGOs. In 2001 he became a trainer of trainers for the Sphere Project on Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response and trained Caritas Emergency Response staff in Europe and of Caritas and NGOs in Afghanistan, China, India, Pakistan, Turkey, Vietnam. Since 2009 he worked as a free lance consultant, mainly in Iraq and Ethiopia. Reconstruction Module Munira Khayyat is assistant professor of anthropology and head of the Anthropology Unit at the American University in Cairo where she has taught since 2013. She has also taught at the American University of Beirut where she was the Whittlesley visiting professor of anthropology in 2011-12. She holds a Phd in cultural anthropology from Columbia University. She is currently working on a manuscript entitled “A Landscape of War” that draws on her field research in South Lebanon in the wake of the 2006 July War. Having grown up in war, Khayyat’s interests revolve around the ways in which life goes on in times of war. She seeks to theorize war as more than a simply destructive event; thus, her work examines the ordinary and affective dimensions of inhabiting a place of war. Khayyat’s research was supported by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. She has several publications, including “Cultivating the ‘Bitter Crop’ in a Lebanon War Zone” in Global Dialogue, “The Hidden Life of War” in Anywhere but Now: Landscapes of Belonging in the Eastern Mediterranean, “Battlefield Pastoral” in Third Text and “Tobacco, Olives and Bombs: Reconfiguration and Recovery of Landscape in Post-War South Lebanon” (coauthored with Rabih Shibli) in The Right to Landscape: Contesting Landscape and Human Rights. Rabih Shibli is the Director of the Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service (CCECS) at the American University of Beirut (AUB). In September 2006 he founded and directed Beit Bil Jnoub, a non-profit civil organization heavily involved in the reconstruction process in the aftermath of the ‘July War’. He has published chapters in Lessons in Post War Reconstruction: Case Studies from Lebanon in the Aftermath of the 2006 War (Routledge 2010), The Right to Landscape: Contesting Landscape and Human Rights (Ashgate 2011), ReConceptualizing Boundaries: Urban Design in the Arab World (Routledge 2015), and Social Ecologies in Border Landscapes (Chicago Press, forthcoming). Rabih has designed and implemented projects linking University expertise with community development needs, including: Upgrading Suq Sabra, Karem El-Zaitoun Pedestrian Trial, Reclaiming Traditional Rainwater Harvesting in Marwaheen, Urban Agriculture in Ein El-Hilwi Camp, and Ghata Bringing Education to Syrian Refugees in The Informal Tented Settlements. Mr. Shibli holds a Bachelor’s degree in Architecture from Beirut Arab University (2002), a Master’s degree in Urban Design from the American University of Beirut (2006), and a Program Certificate in Refugee Trauma and Mental Health from Harvard University (2015). Recovery Module Mr. Fateh Azzam joined AUB in March 2014 after six years as the Regional Representative for the Middle East of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights (2006-2012). Previously, he was Director of the Forced Migration and Refugee Studies Program at the American University in Cairo (2003-2006); Program Officer for Human Rights at the Ford Foundation’s Offices in Lagos and Cairo (1996-2003); and Director of the Palestinian human rights organization Al-Haq (1987-1995). He led the process of establishing the Arab Human Rights Fund (and is currently a member of the Independent Commission for Human Rights, the Palestinian national human rights institution. Mr. Azzam holds an LLM in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex, and has authored numerous articles and studies on human rights, NGO/civil society roles and strategies, the right to development, the Responsibility to Protect, and other topics. His writings have appeared in Human Rights Quarterly, Arab Journal for Human Rights, Riwaq ‘Arabi, Al-Mustaqbal, Nordic Journal of International Law, and Sur International Journal on Human Rights. He has also published two plays, Ansar and Baggage. Sari Hanafi is currently a Professor of Sociology and chair of the department of sociology, anthropology and media studies at the American University of Beirut. He is also the editor of Idafat: the Arab Journal of Sociology (Arabic). He is the Vice President of both the International Sociological Association and the Arab Council of Social Science. He is the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters on the political and economic sociology of the Palestinian diaspora and refugees; sociology of migration; transnationalism; politics of scientific research; civil society and elite formation and transitional justice. Among his recent books are: From Relief and Works to Human Development: UNRWA and Palestinian Refugees after 60 Years. (Edited with L Takkenberg and L Hilal) (Routledge), Palestinian Refugees: Identity, Space and Place in the Levant. (with A. Knudsen) Routledge, The Emergence of A Palestinian Globalized Elite: Donors, International Organizations and Local NGOs (with L. Taber, 2005) (Arabic and English) and Pouvoir et associations dans le monde arabe (Edited with S. Bennéfissa, 2002) (Paris: CNRS). His last book is Arab research and knowledge society: the impossible promise (with R. Arvanitis) (in Arabic, Beirut: CAUS and forthcoming in English with Routledge).