Society and Industry Guided Reading Industry Changes Society (732-734) *The industrial Revolution took place in __________________, ___________________, and ________________ during the ___________. *One important change was the rapid growth of _____________. _________________ is the movement of people from rural areas to cities. ______________ was the first country to become ________________. *Cities grew quickly because _______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ *Before industry, status in society was set by _______________. *Wealthy ______________________________ lived like nobles. The middle class was made up of __________________, _______________, ______________, and ______________. The working class was made up of ___________________ and __________________. *________________ and ________________ had to work to make enough money to live. They worked _______ hours a day, ______ days a week. __________________ were common because factories and mines were __________, ___________, and ____________. Many children lost ____________ or _____________. ___________ or _____________ occurred often. *Living conditions were poor, but workers still wanted to work at _______________ because they could not find work on ___________. Despite _____________ and _________________ people still had more _____________ than when they lived in the country. Cities offered benefits and opportunities such as ____________, education, ___________, libraries, ________________ and sports. *Working conditions did get better when ___________ were reduced for ____________ and _____________. New laws were passed to make _______________ safer, reduced __________________, and made __________ and __________ cleaner and safer. *The roles of ____________ changed during this time. It was thought that women should stay __________ and take care of the _____________ and the ___________. Women had fewer ____________ than men. Women’s roles changed when they went to ___________. They found jobs in _____________ and _______________. They also had the opportunity to get an _____________________. During the 1800s, women demanded equal _____________, especially the _____________________. Science and Medicine (738-741) *One of the first important medical advances was the discovery of _________________ to ward off ____________. __________________________ discovered if someone had ________________ they did not get the deadly _________________. Injecting a small amount of the disease made people ________________. *French chemist _______________________ discovered _____________, or _____________. He proved _______________ caused ________________. Killing ________________ would prevent ______________. *The discovery of _____________________ was a great step forward in the operating room. It was also a new concept to _______________ medical equipment so patients wouldn’t get an __________________. *____________________ made a scientific breakthrough when he could predict which ______________ would be passed down to the next ______________. He is known as the father of _____________. *A breakthrough in Physics occurred when the scientists learned everything was made up of ____________. Polish scientist _____________________________ and her husband ___________________ discovered the element of ________________ in ______. *German scientist ______________________ had a different way of thinking about the _________________. He overturned ideas about _________, ___________, ___________ and ____________. He came up with his Theory of _______________ and famous equation _________________ to explain the relationship between time and space. His findings were used to eventually create the ___________________ and _________________________. *________________________ did research on living things and concluded that _____________ and _____________ change slowly over ____________. The ones that survive do so because they are better _______________________________________. They win the battle for ___________________ and produce _________________. He also believed humans developed from ________________. This applies to society through the idea of ________________________________. This states that within the economy ____________ businesses fail, while ________________ businesses prosper.