Conservation Biology What is the difference between ecology, conservation, and restoration? Draw a population graph depicting growth of the human species in the past few thousand years and relate this back to the J and S curve in population ecology. What is an ecological footprint? What is extinction? What is extirpation? What is it about humans that are causing these two things to happen to so many species? What is a mass extinction? Explain the impact of the following human activities and discuss examples from lecture: Habitat loss and degradation, Overexploitation, Pollution, Introduced species, Deforestation What does it mean if we say a forest has stopped being a sink of carbon and is now a source? How does this happen? Describe the impacts of: different types of pollution, agriculture, extraction, urbanization, overexploitation, invasive species Define ecosystem services and be able to give examples Discuss things to consider in conservation efforts Discuss effective restoration efforts and give examples of restoration efforts. Climate change What is the greenhouse effect? How do humans impact the greenhouse effect? What are the ice core data and what do they tell us about the past temperature and CO2 levels from 650,000 years ago to present? What are the consequences to glaciers, sea levels, sea temperatures, extreme weather events? What are the higher temperature consequences to coral, what are the acidification consequences to coral? Why is it a problem that the ocean is a sink for CO2? Describe some biological impacts of increased CO2 and increased temperature. What is ocean acidification? What are its causes and consequences? What is the Extreme Ice Survey (EIS)? What were some of the trials and tribulations of catching glacier footage for the EIS? What personally impressed you about the EIS (if anything)? For the rest of the final Use all the other study guides together for the rest of the final exam.