Challenges to Slavery Antislavery Whigs and Democrats joined forces with Free-soilers to form Republican Party Republican party we have today Republican party strength lays in the North. Why? Republican Party nominated John Fremont “Free soil, free speech and Fremont” Democrat Party nominated James Buchanan supported Popular Sovereignty Know Nothing (American Party) nominated Millard Fillmore James Buchanan won Dred Scott was an enslaved African American bought by an army doctor in Missouri Moved with owner to Wisconsin territory where slavery was outlawed by Northwest Ordinance Moved back to Missouri and owner died Abolitionist helped Dred Scott sue for freedom Went to Supreme Court Chief Roger Taney decision Dred Scott still a slave Being a slave, he is not a citizen and had no right to bring a lawsuit Ruled that enslaved person was property and can’t take property away from people without “due process of law” Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because Congress had no power to prohibit slavery Even popular Sovereignty could not ban slavery Divided the country even more South praised North called the decision “a wicked and false judgment and the greatest crime ever committed in the nation’s court Stephen Douglass was known as “the Little Giant”. He was a very popular Senator. Abraham Lincoln ran against Douglas. Douglas was the favorite to win. Douglas believed issue should be settled with popular sovereignty. He believed “This Union can exist forever divided into free and slave states as our fathers made it.” Lincoln saw slavery as morally wrong. He stated “I believe that this government cannot endure permantently half slave and half slave.” John Brown Raid on Harper’s Ferry John Brown becomes a martyr for abolitionist His death becomes a rallying point for abolitionists!