# Theory Reminders and Tips for Exams

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```Theory Reminders
Unit 1:
Write out your rubrics for naming notes on the treble and bass clefs.
If you can’t tell whether the note is on a line or a space, write the word “line” or “space”
and then name the note.
Be able to find the note on a keyboard.
Be sure you know the terms (definition and spelling).
Grand staff components: two staves, treble clef, bass clef, bar line, brace
Ledger Lines: study Lesson 5, p. 7
Practice on www.musictheory.net.
Unit 2:
On a grand staff, bar lines go through both staves.
Write in the beats --- you should use 1,2,3,4 (4/4 time).
Write in the names of the notes ---- A, B, C, D, E, F, G.
Stem direction: study Lesson 6, p. 10
Whole and Half rest placement, Lesson 9, p. 13.
Unit 3:
Use a whole rest for a full measure of rest in 2/4, &frac34; and 4/4.
Unit 4:
Look over all three examples of repeat signs in Lesson 14, p. 22.
Remember to “group” notes and rests. Go over #6 in the Unit Review, p. 27.
Unit 5:
Study Lesson 21 (p. 31) carefully. Be able to tell how many measures and/or beats are in
each example.
Unit 6:
Remember that accidentals affect only the measure they are in.
Lesson 25 (p. 37): be sure you follow the directions carefully.
Unit 7:
Tetrachords are made up of four notes. The four notes must be ascending in alphabetical
order. The step pattern of a tetrachord is W, W, H.
A scale is made up of 2 tetrachords joined by a whole step. The pattern of a scale is:
W, W, H, W, W, W, H.
Memorize these key signatures: C, D, G, Bb, Eb.
Unit 8:
Write out the order of sharps and flats.
Write out the rubrics for determining sharp keys and flat keys
Chromatic scales ascend by half steps using sharps; they descend by half steps using flats.
Study Lesson 34 (p. 53 )– Circle of Fifths.
Practice writing out key signatures. Study Lesson 31, p. 50.
Practice key signatures on www.musictheory.net
Unit 9:
Practice intervals on www.musictheory.net
Intervals must have a quantity and a quality!
Write out your rubrics for determining the quality of intervals.
Unit 10:
When writing beats out on examples that are divided (eighth notes/rests) or subdivided
(sixteenth notes/rests), you must use “ands” and “e &amp; a” throughout the example.
Unit 11:
Triplets must have a “3” over them.
Unit 12:
Study Lesson 49 (p. 76).
Dominant 7th chords start on the 5th degree of the scale. To correctly add accidentals –
you must determine the 1st degree of the scale which will give you the key signature
and therefore the accidentals that you must add to the V7 chord.
Unit 13:
Review Open and Closed positions in Lesson 51 (p. 83).
Remember that Dominant 7th chord accidentals are based on the key signature of the 1st
degree of the scale!
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