More examples of some Figurative languages 8. Litotes Litotes is an understatement and is achieved by saying the opposite of what one means or by making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative. It can be considered the opposite of hyperbole. An example would be to call a fat boy Skinny or to call a slow boy Speedy. 9. Antithesis Antithesis is a balancing or contrasting of one term against another. Man proposes, God disposes (Pope) 10. Symbol A symbol is a word or image that signifies something other than what is literally represented. The cross is a symbol for Christianity. The donkey and the elephant are symbols of two American political organizations.