Stylistics Stylistic • Stylistics is a critical approach which uses the methods and findings of the science of linguistics in the analysis of literary texts. Stylistics • Is not confined to the analysis of literature: it can be applied equally to expository prose, political speeches, advertisement and so son. • It thus assumes that the language of literature is not a ‘special case’: on the contrary, literary language can be analysed just like any other kind to reveal precisely how effects are created. stylistics • Is, in a sense, the modern version of the ancient discipline known as ‘rhetoric’, which taught its students how to structure an argument, how to make effective use of figures of speech, and generally how to pattern and vary a speech or a piece of writing so as to produce the maximum impact. Stylistics Analysis • Attempts to provide a commentary which is objective and scientific, based on concrete quantifiable data, and applied in a systematic way. Stylistics analysis • Uses specialised technical terms and concepts which derive from the science of linguistics, terms like ‘transitivity’, ‘underlexicalisation’, ‘collocation’, and ‘cohesion’. Stylistics analysis • Stylistics makes greater claims to scientific objectivity than does close reading, stressing that its methods, and procedures can be learned and applied by all. Stylistic critics • Describe technical aspects of the language of a text—such as grammatical structures—then use this data in interpretation. Stylistic critics - Stylistics does not confine itself to the analysis of literature and often juxtaposes literary and other kinds of discourse, for instance, comparing the linguistic devices used in poetry with those of advertising Stylistics critics • Stylistics moves beyond ‘sentence grammar’ to ‘text grammar’, considering how the text works as a whole to achieve (or not) its purpose (for instance, to amuse, to create suspense, or to persuade) and examining the linguistic features which contribute to these ends.