Opening NASA’s Data Archive to Augment Space Life Science Research

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18th IAA Humans in Space Symposium (2011)
2262.pdf
Opening NASA’s Data Archive to Augment Space
Life Science Research
Lealem Mulugeta, Christopher Gerty and Nick Skytland
The ambitious exploration goals to send long duration manned missions beyond low earth orbit (LEO) in
the next decade pose significant biomedical challenges. Addressing these challenges will require
substantial time and resources to conduct flight and ground based experiments. In addition, there is
substantial archived data from past spaceflight and ground experiments that can provide further insight
into the biomedical challenges of long duration spaceflight missions beyond LEO. However, much of the
archived data is often not easily accessible, there is uncertainty regarding the type and quality of data
available, and NASA researchers are often inundated with ongoing research with limited funding.
Consequently, life science data archive is not used effectively. In light of this, we propose to address this
dilemma through Open Data collaboration to parse, categorize and analyze the available data.
Currently there are over 500 000 people around the world freely contributing to space science projects
such as Zooniverse, [email protected], [email protected]me and [email protected] among others. By engaging the
common citizen, these organizations have been able to parse and decipher an immense amount of data
with exceptional accuracy with small fraction of time, budget and resources. Although most of the Open
Data projects are in the areas of astronomy, astrophysics and planetary sciences, there are some
initiatives in human spaceflight like the NASA InnoCentive challenges and Copenhagen Suborbitals that
have demonstrated the value of open collaboration.
In our presentation we will discuss how NASA can augment space life science research by tapping into
the enthusiasm of the common citizen. Moreover, we will outline how allowing the public to actively
contribute to NASA’s mission can strengthen public support and promote STEM education.
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