Union and Confederacy (Handout)

Union and Confederacy (Handout)
In the frenzy following the attack on Fort Sumter, men on both sides of the
sectional divide were eager to enlist. IN the North, they were determined to
restore the Union fractured by secession. So many volunteers flooded
recruitment offices that some had to be turned away. In the South men rushed
to defend Southern honour and to preserve slavery. Despite the equal rates of
enthusiasm in both the North and South, at first glance it appeared that the two
sides were unevenly matched. At 22 million, the population of the Northern
states was four times greater than the non-slave population of the South, at 5.5
million. The Confederacy had only a single ironworks (at Richmond, Virginia),
and one Northern state (New York) had more factories than the entire
Confederacy combined.
Complete the following Organizer that outlines the Advantages and
Disadvantages of both the North and South:
Strategies and Major Battles (Handout):
The strategy of the North consisted of four parts:
1) Use the Navy to blockade all ports and harbours in the
south to cut off their supplies.
2) Attack down and up the Mississippi River to split the South.
3) Invade through Tennessee and Georgia to cut railroad lines.
4) Invade Virginia and capture Richmond and south to
Charleston and Savannah.
The Strategy of the South was a two-part plan:
1) Defend tenaciously until the North was tired of fighting and
agreed to peace.
2) Attack the North and capture Washington D.C., and the
Shenandoah Valley to cut railroads from the West to the
Union General Winfield Scott’s plan to defeat the Confederacy was known as the
Anaconda Plan, for its intention to strangle the Confederate War effort. Why was
it given this name?