# M346 First Midterm Exam, September 21, 2004 + x ```M346 First Midterm Exam, September 21, 2004
1. Let V be the subspace of R4 defined by the equation x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 = 0.
a) Find the dimension of V .
b) Find a basis for V . [Any basis will do, but the simpler your answer, the
easier part (c) will be. Be sure that each of your vectors really is in V , and
that they are linearly independent]


x2
x 
3
c) Let L(x) = 

. Note that L takes V to V , and can be viewed as an
 x4 
x1
operator on V . Find the matrix [L]B , where B is the basis you found in part
(b).
&micro; &para;
&micro; &para;
5
3
2
2. In R , consider the basis b1 =
, b2 =
.
3
2
a) Find the change-of-basis matrices PEB and PBE , where E is the standard
basis.
&micro;
&para;
13
b) If v =
, find [v]B .
−2
&para;
&para;
&micro;
&micro;
2x2
x1
. Find [L]E and [L]B .
=
c) Let L
x1 + x 2
x2
3. Consider the coupled first-order differential equations
dx1
= x1 +2x2
dt
dx2
= 2x1 + x2
dt
Define the new variables y1 (t) = x1 (t) + x2 (t), y2 (t) = x1 (t) − x2 (t).
a) Rewrite the system of equations completely in terms of y1 and y2 . (That
is, express dy1 /dt and dy2 /dt as functions of y1 and y2 .)
b) Given the initial conditions x1 (0) = 1, x2 (0) = 0, find x1 (t) and x2 (t).
4. Let V =R3 [t], and let L : V → V be defined by L(p)(t) = p0 (t) + 2p00 (t).
a) Find [L]E , where E = {1, t, t2 , t3 } is the standard basis.
b) What is the dimension of the kernel of L? What is the dimension of the
range of L?
c) Find a basis for the kernel of L.
d) Find a basis for the range of L.
1
5. True of False? Each question is worth 4 points. You do NOT need to


1 0 2 0
0 1 1 0

.

For (a) and (b), suppose that a 4&times;4 matrix A row-reduces to 
0 0 0 1
0 0 0 0
T
a) The null space of A is the span of (−2, −1, 1, 0) .
   
 
1
0
0
0 1
0
  
 
b) The column space of A is the span of 
 ,  , and  .
0 0
1
0
0
0
For (c) and (d), suppose that L :R2 [t] → M2,2 is a linear transformation,
and that B = [L]EE is the matrix of L relative to the standard bases for R2 [t]
and M2,2 .
c) If B row-reduces to something with 3 pivots, then L is 1–1.
 
1
&micro;
&para;
3
1 3

  is in the column space of B.
d) If
is in the range of L, then 
4
4 7
7
3
e) R is the internal direct sum of the x1 -x2 and x1 -x3 planes.
2
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