Advisers Troop Construction in Working-practice in Collaboration Education between Universities and Enterprises Peng-hui Zhang1, Hua-li Yu2, Juan Wang2, Xiao-shun Zhao2 1 Pesonnel Division,Agriculture University of Hebei,Baoding, China College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,Agriculture University of Hebei,Baoding, China ([email protected],[email protected], 2 [email protected]) 2 Abstract - The wording-practice is a new attempt in practice teaching in the new model of collaboration education between universities and enterprises. A survey to internship students in our college and employees in enterprise objectively and quantitatively reflects that wording-practice is a successful model. Also it shows that problems exist in the wording-practice. This paper investigates the role and necessity of advisers in wordingpractice, puts forward the construction of “double competency” teaching staff and establishment of a "doublementoring", "three-dimensional" advisers. It provides successful experience for China’s new pattern of collaboration education between universities and enterprises to build a bridge between colleges and enterprises and create a harmonious atmosphere. Keywords - collaboration between universities and enterprises; working-practice; advisers I. INTRODUCTION The internship is an attempt in new practice teaching in the model of collaboration education between universities and enterprises for the purpose of developing students’ overall quality and professional skills, and making students accept vocational training in actual working environment. Internship enables students to fully understand the need to learn theoretical knowledge as well as their own shortcomings in the knowledge. It encourages students to increase interest and motivation in learning, to extend practical knowledge and to improve the quality of learning. Also, it improves students’ ability to integrate theory with practice, their work skills, professionalism and ability of social work. At the same time, it enables enterprises to shorten training time and save training costs in order to obtain high-quality and highly skilled personnel, achieving college, students, enterprise, the three-way win-win [1, 2]. However, collaboration education between universities and enterprises internship in China is not mature. How do internship students transit smoothly from college lives to the rhythm of business? How to maximize the combination of theory and practice? How to improve students’ professionalism and ability of social work in a limited period of time? These are common problems we face. This paper investigates the importance of advisers’ construction in collaboration education between universities and enterprises according to internship in our college. On one hand, advisers can go deep into the production practices in enterprises and communicate with engineering and technical personnel who have abundant practice experience to learn and improve practical ability. They should train excellent practical skills, enrich practical experience, update their professional knowledge and improve their professional skills so that their knowledge is always in the forefront of the industry. Realizing industry-university integration and school teachers spontaneously adjust the reasonable knowledge structure, reduce the cost of continuing education of teachers and lay a solid foundation for students’ whole education and adaptive education. On the other hand, enterprises have advanced construction facilities, new leading technology in industry, a wealth of management experience and a certain corporate culture. Engineering and technical personnel with extensive practical experience can change the role to add to the teaching force through training. It is a prerequisite for the reform and development of vocational education to build a perfect adviser contingent . II. THE SUCCESS OF INTERNSHIP IN COLLABORATION EDUCATION BETWEEN UNIVERSITIES AND ENTERPRISES OF OUR COLLEGE According to a survey to internship students and enterprises, objective and quantitative data results show that the internship was very successful. The questionnaire is divided into student survey questionnaire and enterprise survey questionnaire. Respondents are all the internship students and group leaders in business production sectors. Among 315 student questionnaires 306 were returned and there are 303 valid questionnaires, and the effective ratio is 96.19%. Among 120 enterprise questionnaires 116 were returned in which 111 are valid questionnaires and the effective ratio is 92.50%. Questionnaire results are as follows: A. The analysis of student questionnaires （1）In the understanding of internship, more than 70% of students believe that they improve their interpersonal skills (86.8%) and accumulate social experience(73.27%);79.21% of the students think that internship helps to enhance their understanding of corporate culture; 92.83% of the students believe that internships are important and worthy; 76.24% of the students express satisfaction with the arrangements for the internship; 23.10% of the students are willing to go to internships to work after graduation. （2）Through practical exercises, the enthusiasm of the students have been generally improved. 83.17% of the students think they need to increase the professional skills; 65.35% think they need to increase professional knowledge; 52.81% think they need to strengthen the basis of professional knowledge. （3）Internship has great impact on students’ opinion and attitude towards employment. 90.43% of the students believe that internships are helpful to their future employment; 80.20 percent of the students, through internships, change point of view in employment, and their employment goals are more pragmatic; 93.06% of the students have started their planning for future career development after internship. B. The analysis of enterprise questionnaires （1）Concerning the knowledge quality evaluation of the students, 86.49% of the group leaders acknowledge the students’ professional knowledge demonstrated in practice; 77.49% of the group leaders think that what students have learned in school can meet the job requirements; 83.69% of the group leaders confirm that the students master basic skills during the internship period. （2）Concerning the ability quality evaluation of the students, more than 70% of the group leaders consider that the students have the ability to find problems, analyze problems and solve problems; 71.17% of the group leaders recognize creativity of students. （3）Concerning the moral quality evaluation of the students, 80% of group leaders recognize the students’ performance in ethics and responsibility; 68.38% of the group leaders accept the students behavior of law-abiding during the internship period. Through the above analysis of the survey questionnaire we can see, the pilot internship has achieved good results, and provides a new way of thinking and a new paradigm for a new model of collaboration education between universities and enterprises. III. THE ROLE OF ADVISERS IN INTERNSHIPS A. Build bridges between colleges and enterprises Modern education and business are inextricably linked; between the two are interrelated and mutually reinforcing relationships. However, higher education and enterprises belonging to different industries, collaboration between colleges and enterprises is not always easy to form. So we can learn from foreign experience to establish a special organization to build bridges between colleges and enterprises. In many foreign countries, various industry associations, professional intermediary organizations, foundations, research institutions and other non-governmental organizations have played a positive role to promote the development of vocational education. Especially in making industry standards, optimizing professional training standards, coordinating with the government on behalf of business and industry organizations, helping professional and technical personnel to fight for the legitimate rights and interests in enterprises, they can play an important and positive role. B. Contribute to the training of highly skilled personnel Internship implements instructor system, and is mainly reflected in the guidance education, inspiration and management of teachers to students. Instructors can implement individualized training of students which is more specific, so greatly mobilizing the initiative of students, tapping the potential of students, expanding the professional education and training the students’ spirit of innovation, creativity and practical ability. This is helpful to equip students a professional technical expertise and innovation . C. Contribute to the professional growth of advisers In the internship, students are asked to choose instructors independently, which requires teachers to focus on self-education and learning, and constantly improve their level of scientific research and practical skills. It also requires the cooperative enterprise to send instructors with excellent skills and high moral character. Our internship experience shows that instructors, consciously or unconsciously, improve their own quality and business level, thus contributing to the self-optimization construction of faculty. D. Help strengthen the management of vocational students Previous colleges implement counselor or teacher control system, in which there is a phenomenon that student management and teaching management are independent of each other and the two are noninterference. For example, managers do not know the students' professional learning, while specialized teachers do not know the students' employment status. Implementation of mentoring can minimize this situation. Teachers are not only disseminators of knowledge, but also guides for students’ life. This allows previous students administration to transform from "management” to "guide”, two approaches work together to make the daily management of students and academic development linked together, playing a role to complement and strengthen the student management. IV. THE CONSTRUCTION OF ADVISERS A. Enhance the Training of the Double Competency Teaching Staff The training of students in the cooperation between colleges and enterprises focuses on ability cultivation, objectively requiring advisers to have double qualifications. The double qualifications include solid theoretical knowledge and strong practical skills. If teachers become unadoptable to the requirements, college’s development will be limited and existence will be affected. The cooperation between colleges and enterprises and mutual support of relative advantages can advance educational reform, improve the quality of education and instruction and cultivate double competency teaching staff . It is strong support for the success of internship practice teaching to construct "double strength" practical guidance teachers with a strong sense of responsibility and ability to work. During this internship, college cadres take lead in carrying out imprisoned system, and professional advisers and full time counselors make a double strength team. Intern advisers are divided into the ones on duty and the ones off duty. Advisers on duty and counselors go to workshop to visit intern students in turn every day, listen to their suggestions and note all the things on internship on-duty diary. If emergency happens, teachers can arrive in the site in time and solve problems quickly. B. Diversification of Faculty Internship in the cooperation between colleges and enterprises are very effective to cultivate double competency teaching staff. Development of internship can make teachers deepen produce practice, achieve the organic integration of theory and practice, familiar with the needs of local and industry, Enhance work and social experience, raise academic standards and the ability to analyze and solve site problems. In addition, experienced professional technicians in corporations are the best supplement people to double competency teaching staff. The key to cultivate practical capable personnel in the cooperation between colleges and enterprises is to have open and diversified teaching staff. Introducing cooperation corporation trainers, engineers and post masters is a way to realize diversification. There are two effects to introduce outside school instructors, which include corporation trainers. One is to solve the problem of cultivating practical capable personnel. The other is to mutually benefit the two-side teaching staff in the collaboration education between universities and enterprises and to make up the deficiency in the original teaching and training [5, 6]. C. Build a stereo metric teaching staff team In order to let students be more capable of mastering skills and serve society more quickly, building stereo metric teaching staff teams is necessary, such as life coach teams, skills coach teams and knowledge coach teams. Life coaches are made by counselors, who focus on the administration of class daily affairs and students’ life. Skills coaches consist of corporation experts and technicists, who mainly instruct and teach students professional knowledge, professional skills and the ability to operate practically. Knowledge coaches contain teachers of professional teaching and research section with the main task of instructing students to master the essential basic knowledge to instruct practice, improving students’ comprehensive quality, enhancing students’ cultural deposits and developing students’ different strong points. Depending on counselors’ professional condition, responsible teachers hold posts of life coaches. Skills coaches are elected by corporation, selected bilaterally by students and corporation coaches. Coaches make cultivation plans, meet students regularly and at the same time instruct the train in outside school internship sites. Knowledge coaches contain all specialized course teachers. According to his skill services, laboratory construction and training projects, each teacher select a certain number of students to join him . V. CONCLUSIONS All the facts have proven that college-enterprise joint internship teaching is successful. It is an effective way to innovate the mode of talent training in the collaboration education between universities and enterprises. Results of questionnaire survey suggest that internship enhances students’ ability to operate practically and integrate theory with practice, cultivates their professional accomplishments, and improves their comprehensive qualities and vocational skills. Furthermore, through the understanding of corporation production process and corporate culture, the internship clarifies students’ employment concepts and ideas, establishes good basis of further study and employment, increases their employment competition after graduation. The success of internship lies in the construction of stereo metric double competency teaching staff. Instructors play an important role during the internship period and make contribution to improve internship quality, guarantee internship progress and enhance the cooperation between colleges and enterprises. REFERENCES        XIE Shiwei, Combination of university and enteprise to form new teaching pattern of management principles program in senior secondary Ttchnical school [J], Silicon Valley, no. 19, pp. 155,2010. Zhao Xiaoshun, Sun Weilian, and Sunbo. Discussing and research on co-operative education mode between university and corporation, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2011 ［ C ］ . 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