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Strengthening the Construction of Logistics Parks and Promoting the
Competitiveness of Logistics Industry
Sheng-fen Li1, Qing Zhang 2
1
2
School of Economics & management, Yan Shan University, Qin Huang Dao, China
Department of industrial engineering, Yan Shan University, Qin Huang Dao, China
([email protected])
Abstract - This paper analyzes logistics parks’ necessity
for logistics industry. Combining the description of the
current situation of our country’s logistics parks, some
corresponding suggestions are proposed in order to promote
the development of logistics industry.
Keywords - logistics parks, logistics industry, develop-ment, suggestions, logistics
I. INTRODUCTION
As a third profit source, Logistics can not only
promote economic development, but also link up the
enterprises of the supply chain effectively, so the
government and enterprises pay more attention to it. And
as a new format in the development of modern logistics
industry, logistics parks in China have played an
important role in improving logistics organizational level
and intensive degree, integrating logistics resources and
transforming the mode of economic development.
Logistics parks are the gathering places to more than a
logistics enterprise in the space distribution sites. It
provides comprehensive logistics services of a certain
categories and sizes. At present, the development of
logistics industry in China is still in the first stage, so it’s
very need to integrate the existing logistics resources and
logistics enterprises by the form of logistics parks.
II. THE NECESSITY OF STRENGTHENING THE
CONSTRUCTION OF LOGISTICS PARKS
A. Main functions of logistics parks
Logistics parks play many roles --intensive role,
connected role and environmentally friendly role--in the
development of the logistics industry[1].Firstly, the
intensive role can make sure the scattered goods and
enterprises getting together. Of course, this is not enough,
because it can also provide technology and management,
so that we can use this kind of intensive role to organize
the goods efficiently. Secondly, as a connecting part,
logistics parks realize the connecting of different
transports form of the highway, railway, aviation and port.
Thirdly, as we all know, the environment is more
important for we human being. A growing number of
studies of the logistics industry have based on the
environment, such as Low-carbon logistics [2].Building
logistics parks can reduce the times of the vehicle’s
travelling, as a result reducing noise pollutions and
needless exhausts.
B. Necessity
Logistics parks set market information, modern
warehousing, professional delivery, multimodal transport
and market exhibition and trading in a body. At the same
time, the repeated investment is avoided by gathering
numerous logistics enterprises together to improve the
resources’ utilizations [3]. As a demonstration project,
logistics parks’ mission is setting up the foundation
platform and operation base of the modern logistics. It’s
good for the development of the logistics industry.
III. CURRENT SITUATIONS OF THE
DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA'S LOGISTICS PARKS
A. Present situation
Since1999 the first logistics park was found in
Shenzhen, the great achievements of logistics have been
made in our county. The situations of the development of
China's logistics park are as followed:
a. Many kinds of types
In our county, the logistics park can be divided into
three kinds of business types. The first is distribution
model which mainly depends on distributing storing
commodities in the internal city. The second is freight
hubs type which can connect the transportations of the
sea, land and air. The third is comprehensive parks which
can offer a variety of logistics services for the enterprises.
Among them the third is a popular one.
b. Geographic distribution
For some reasons--the distinct economic levels of
different cities, the various demanding for logistics parks
and the different conditions of infrastructure and so on-logistics parks present a characteristic of uneven region
distribution [4]. The parks now mainly focus on the
developed coastal area, demanding a great amount of
things to be exchanged at the same time. While in the
Midwest, the quantity of the logistics parks is relatively
small, such as Qinghai province [5].
c. Incomes
Incomes of our country’s logistics industry most
come from warehouse, loading bays of rent, supporting
facilities rental and management fees, property
management fee, office building rent. Only a handful of
logistics parks get benefits from information service,
warehousing and distribution of profit value added
services. What’s more, there are a few logistics parks
make money by the way of braking preferential tax and
landing lease or selling against income. These show that
the channel our country’s logistics parks’ income source
is relatively single, and the facts of management service
added value is not high and low profitability.
B. Problems
With more than 10 years developing, the total number
of the logistics park has surpassed the abroad countries’.
But in essence, there is a real large gap, especially
compared with developed countries in the logistics
industry, such as Japan, Germany and the United States.
Then we have the opportunity to find some problems
existing in the logistics park.
a. Lack of planning and cooperation
In practice, our country’s logistics park is still
fragmented, intersected and divided [6]. These parks
cannot produce a linkage between utilities, because they
consider things just from administrative regions or even a
single logistics park, but not the impacts it can produce
among the economic regions it radiates[7].What’s worse,
the require of different regions for the logistics park is not
the same, so various kinds of parks appeared leading to
the results of repeating investment on the logistics
infrastructure, competing with each other on low level and
wasting a lot of resources[8]. This phenomenon, on one
hand, is caused by the lack of overall planning. On the
other hand, it can be attributed to share information with
each other inefficiently. In my opinion, lack of the
mechanism of sharing information is the main reason so
that these parks cannot be cooperative interaction. It’s
important to play a role of network system for the isolated
parks and to be a node for the regional logistics network
system.
b. Pursuing for quantities and perfection blindly
With the development of the economic, the logistics
industry thrives and the logistics parks are buildup
quickly. At present, the total number of our country’s
parks has been growing quickly, while the quality is
beyond our imagination [9]. In the logistics park’s
planning and construction, we’d better think of the actual
needs of the cities and avoid pursuing for quantities
blindly.
c. low standard business
Most of the domestic logistics parks’ logistics
services are limited to provide warehouse and logistics
equipment and lease loading bays rent. There is not much
different from the traditional storage property and these
services can not meet the different demands of these
customers. What’s worse, because of crude facilities, low
quality of employees and low level informatization, the
park can't offer high added value services for
multinational companies and other high-end customers
causing that the park service does not match the supply
and demand.
IV. THE WAY TO STRENGTHEN THE
CONSTRUCTION OF LOGISTICS PARKS
A. Strengthening the government’s influence and function
It’s the government's macro planning and strict
examination that is crucial for the development of the
logistics park. In china, so far, the national logistics park
has not been formed. While only a few regions formulate
the regional logistics plan. Compared with China, Japan
and Germany do a better job, so it’s wise for us to learn
them. In Japan, the government divides the parks into
three levels--macro plan, medium promoting and micro
operation. What’s more, each level’s emphasis and
responsibilities are very clear and definite. Usually, a plan
of the comprehensive logistics policy points out all the
cities’ needs to build a park in macro angle. Then
according to the urban plan, the local government decides
the locations, quantities, scales and functions of the
logistics park and submits the decision to the central
competent secretary for examination and approval. Only
in this way can the parks be constructed [10].In Germany,
in 1992, the federal government made the plan of
establishing 28 parks within the territory of all the
Germany. After 3 years later, according to the present
situation of the development of the logistics industry, the
number of the parks changed from 28 to 39.The logistics
network formed by connecting with the ground traffic
systems and information systems [11]. From their
experience, I suggest that our government should combine
with its own resource advantages or location advantage to
strengthen the construction of logistics parks and improve
logistics parks’ management. On one hand, we’d better
pay attention to the unified planning and the supporting
policy. On the other hand, we’d better take optimizing the
development of the logistics park into account and pay
special attentions to the integration of the existing
logistics enterprises.
B. Improving the concentration of logistics industry
One of the logistics park’s function is, in a certain
extent, linking the enterprises on the value chain together.
It can not only make full use of the enterprises’ expertise
and advantages, but also enhance each enterprise’s
connection on the value chain. The most important thing
is that it benefits to the cost saving by promoting the
information exchange between them [12].
Improving the concentration of logistics industry can
help information be exchanged among these enterprises.
If the enterprises on the supply chain exchange
information more conveniently and cooperate more
closely, the cost of trade between enterprises will be
greatly reduced. What’s more, a logistics enterprise can
give full play to its own core business. As for its own
weakness and inferiority, the other enterprise may make
up. In this way, a great of drawbacks not professional may
be avoided and the logistics park will become an organic
whole. If all this will come true, a good logistics park
should be build up because it can attract this enterprises
on this value chain get together to realize its value.
preferential policies should be established. During the
Twelfth-Five Year Plan period, the logistics industry will
face more opportunities [14].
C. Establishing a public information platform
Above all, logistics parks are a kind of development
model, a space concept and a logistics node of high
standard. At present the logistics industry in China is still
in the first stage, needing to adopt the form of logistics
parks to integrate the existing enterprises and their
resources. So it’s obvious that developing logistics parks
will become our country’s inevitable trend in the future,
as well as the best point and combining site for
government and enterprises to jointly promote the
development of logistics.
With the development of the internet, a public
information platform is required. It can provide and
integrate the information of every link of the supply
chain. It can also provide management service, technical
service and trading services.
If the Logistics parks want to strengthen their
competitive ability, it will be better to promote the
establishment of public information platform. It calls for a
lot of technology such as Bar Code, Electronic Ordering
System (EOS), Quick Response (QR), Database,
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), just-in-time (JIT),
Effective Customer Response (ECR) and Enterprise
Resource Planning (ERP) and so on. For example, with
the thought of the just-in-time (JIT) getting popular,
enterprises’ business processes are also adjusted
accordingly. Formerly, the commodities was distributed
according to enterprises or governments, this is the so
called Push model, whereas, now is according to the
demands of the customers or markets, in other words pull
model. This new model can guarantee that the enterprises
make rapid responses just in the needs of the customers. It
can immediately organize the order and sent the goods to
the customers effectively, thus reducing inventories and
the avoidable wastes. From this we know the use of the
JIT, ECR and POS and so on can make contributes to the
development of the logistics park and the logistics
industry.
Information is the foundation of all things but the
technology is the tool to make sure of delivering
information smoothly, so we’d better learn these
technologies patiently. Information technology has
become one of the important components of the core
competitiveness of the enterprises. For one thing, modern
logistics emphasizes the sharing, collecting and
transmitting information resources quickly and accurately.
For another thing, with the aid of the information
technology the decision maker can make some decisions
well and truly.
D. Encouraging enterprises coming in the parks positively
The ultimate goal of logistics parks is serving for
enterprises in the park. If the logistics parks want to
attract corporate coming in, the rules of the access should
be made at the early stage, meanwhile a series of
V. CONCLUSION
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