Geography of Italy *Looks like a highhigh-heeled boot. *Mountain range running across the top of Italy is the Alps. *Apennines Mts. run from north to south the length of the boot. *Compared to Greece, Italy's mountains were smaller and they had better farmland. farmland. Location of Rome *Rome was founded on the Tiber River about 15 miles from the Mediterranean Sea. *Being 15 miles up the Tiber River had advantages for Rome: 1: source of water 2: protection from pirate raids 3: access to the rest of the the Mediterranean world *Rome was also built on 7 hills to provide protection from attacks. *It was also located at a point in the Tiber River where it was easily crossed and this made it a common stopping point. Beginnings of Rome *Romulus and Remus Remus Story *The Aeneid epic poem. Early Influences of Rome: * Greeks: Between 750 B.C. and 550 B.C many Greeks landed in Italy during the Greek colonization. Romans learned to grow olives and architecture, ure, grapes, adopted the Greek alphabet, and modeled their architect sculpture and literature after them. *Etruscans: mainly lived north of Rome until 650 B.C. when they began to move south and took control of Rome. They were metalworkers and became rich mining and through trade. Changed Rome from a straw hut village village to a city of wood and brick buildings. They ruled Rome for over 100 years.