The methods used to generate electricity are often not determined by the consumer. To change how power is generated you can speak to the hydro company, add solar panels or wind turbines or use geothermal heating in your own home. The installation any of these features will be at the owner’s expense, although there are grants available to help with costs. The hydro company will pay your for energy put back on the grid. Carbon Footprint: ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Direct emissions: ____________________________________ ____________________________________ Indirect emissions: ___________________________________ What’s your carbon footprint???? Calculators 1. http://www.livclean.ca/calculator.php 2. http://www.zerofootprint.net/ a. http://oneminutetoronto.zerofootprint.net/ b. http://www.zerofootprintkids.com/kids_home.aspx Impact Calculator 3. http://www.mycarbonfootprint.eu/index.cfm?language=en Indoors Seal gaps around windows and doors Put weather strips around windows and doors Lock windows to create a tighter seal Use appropriate and layered window treatments Use insulated windows Open the blinds in the winter to allow sunlight in Close blinds in the summer to block sunlight Block drafts Add insulation to floors above unheated spaces, walls, attic Keep fridge at the right temperature Clean refrigerator coils Keep refrigerator level Unplug refrigerators not in use Position refrigerator away form heat Fill the freezer (it takes less energy to keep cool) Defrost the freezer Use self cleaning oven option right after the oven was used so it is still hot Thaw frozen food in the sink Use lids when cooking Use pressure to cool Keep the oven door closed Don’t over fill the oven Use the grill Share oven warmth in the winter and turn down the heat Replace uneven pots and pans Bake in glass or ceramic pans Limit preheating Turn off the oven when done Use the microwave to reheat things Use a dishwasher rather then hand wash Always fill the dishwasher before using Air dry dishes Wash clothing in cold water Keep detergent to a minimum Don’t stuff the washer or dryer Do multiple loads in a roll Remove lint from the dryer Avoid ironing Insulate water beds Unplug appliances when not in use Run major appliance at night Replace light and appliances with energy efficient ones Turn off lights when you leave a room Use motion detectors Use timers Use task lighting Clean light bulbs Keep the water heater at 120ºC Flush out the water heater Insulate water heater and pipes Turn off water heater when away Take showers rather then baths Use low flow shower head Fix leaky faucets Have a programmable thermostat that lowers use of furnace or air conditioning when you aren’t home or sleeping Clean registers and air filters Maximize circulation (don’t block the vent) Close unused rooms Convert a wood burning fireplace to gas Use space heaters and portable fans Use Ceiling fans (Clockwise to warm and counterclockwise to cool) Close registers in the basement in summer Outdoor Plant shade and natural insulation for the house Use a rotary mower Use pool covers Put the pool heater and filter on a timer Buy an effective car (ex. Hybrid) Ensure tire pressure and oil are optimal for the car Driver slower Clean out unnecessary items Wash and wax the car Reduce Idle time Avoid the drive thru Carpool Use public transportation Homework: 1. Are their any reasons, other then saving the planet, that the energy saving tips would be helpful to people? 2. What would you do to reduce your carbon emissions? 3. Calculate what your new carbon foot print would be if you followed those new steps. 4. In some regions people and companies are converting their roof into a green space. This would mean that plants and trees would grow above buildings. This is a picture of MEC in downtown Toronto on their roof. a. What are some advantages of doing this? b. What are the disadvantages of doing this? c. Is this something you would do? Why or why not? 4. Do you think that if every household did some small changes we would significantly change things?